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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 30, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 6F ARCHIVEt KOlKtS IA NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION Full 303 One Mans Opinion Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO City SundiT WTAP Qnincjr 111 Mon C D 6 T WO1 Ames Wednesdy BUS p m WSVL Iow CilT Tbundar D m How Important Is a Free Press IN the period between Oct 1 and Oct 8 there will be an observ ance throughout America of Na tional Newspaper Week This year the slogan has been made A Free PressVoice of Freedom Guardian of Liberty with The Newspaper as a Public Servant being made the central theme of the observance It has occurred to me that in this commentary it might not be amiss to consider the role of the daily and period the life not only of our own country but throughout the world And for the most part the ob servations which apply to the press are only slightly less ap plicable to that newer medium of intelligence communication known as the radio TN what I shall say Ill be speak ing as the editor of what I sup pose could be referred to as a small city daily newspaper If therefore I seem to lay an over stress on the daily newspaper I hope Ill be forgiven Certainly I wouldnt want any body to conclude that this is be cause Im not cognizant of the im portance of the weekly press As a matter of fact I am not sure that the sumtotal influence ex ercised by the weeklies in Amer ica isnt greater than that of the dailies And Im not harboring the quaint notion that magazines should be written off lightly They too have their placeot importance in our nations reading habits To a large extent these 3 ele ments of the weekly the daily and the complimentary father than com petitive In the average home youll find all 3 BEFORE launching into a dis cussion of the broader and more deeply tmderlying principles of a free well to take a few minutes out to con sider some of the questions which arise from day to day in the minds of readers For example one of the most common queries reaching me is this Do newspapers print all the news My answer to that is a frank No No newspaper daily or weekly prints more than a small fraction of the news This is true for 2 reasons space limita tions preclude it second no reader would have time to wade through it if ALL the news were presented rnAKB the case of the newspaper Jof which I am editor We re ceive a total of 53 hours of leased wire service every day Teletypes pour in news at the rate of 50 words a minute through day and night This of course is additional to the news matter prepared by a staff of about a dozen reporters and a battery of more than 100 correspondents in the communi ties surrounding Mason City In the end I suspect we use no more than onetenth of the news which would have to be printed if we were to validate the claim that we print ALL the news The formula employed by our newspaper and by all other to edit and screen the vasf mass of available news on the basis of this Question What will prove most interesting to our readers Its a matter of course of human judgment and Id be first to admit that we some times err ANOTHER question frequently asked of editors is this Are newspapers influenced by advertisers in their editorial or news policies My answer to that is that while there doubtless are exceptions to the rule decentselfrespecting newspapers do not fall under such an influence The common as sumption is that an advertiser buys space and ing else Lest there be an inference from this statement wholly unfair to newspaper advertisers I should add that in my 30 years of edi torial work I havent been ap proached by advertisers seeking to influence news or editorial policy more than a half dozen times What an advertiser wants is a reading public for his commercial message And hes smart enough to know that a newspaper cap being influenced by ad vertisers would command neither respect nor readership Despite the frequent claims to the contrary this is not a prob lem for the average newspaper THEN theres the question Why are there so many er rors in newspapers And this question refers to both typo graphical errors and errors of fact In considering the matter of CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Fate of Hitlers Henchmen Near VERDICT OF GUILTY INDICATED U S Protest Sent to Tito on Propaganda Washington fl The United States government in a formal protest Monday accused Yugo slavia of disregard of allied mili tary regulations in Trieste and of spreading mischievous propagan da In a note over the signature of Undersecretary Will Clayton the state department acknowledged that American military authorities in Venezia Giulia had detained B Yugoslav soldiers on Sept 9 and said they were found carrying hand grenades concealed in their clothing contrary to regulations The soldiers about whom the Yugoslavia government protested have since been released The note one a number be tween the 2 governments on var ious incidents informed Yugo slavia that the arrest had been in vestigated by an American mili tary board of ofiicors which found that the action was justified It added that this government is confident that if Yugoslav mil itary personnel in zone A the AngloAmerican zone of occupa pation will show an attitude of loyal cooperation toward their al lied comrades in arms in Venezia Giulia they will meet with a most full and friendly response on the part of American military per sonnel At the same time the note added this government desires the Yugoslav government to know that it resents the charges that al lied military authorities took no steps in this matter and that they inspired a small fascist press to give a small false account of the incident and that it rejects these charges as mischievous propagan da without any foundation in fact The arrested 6 soldiers were guarding1 UNRRA supplies in Trieste near a point where a large explosion had just occurred The note said the soldiers were searched and found to be carry ing hand grenades in their cloth ing despite instruction that UNRRA guards were not to be armed Pet Bears Victims of Meat Shortage Des Moines mama and baby bear at the Sonderleiter zoo here are being sacrificed for the meat shortage Kenneth Sonderleiter said Sun day that the bears were being butchered because of the meat shortage and difficulty ia feeding them They will provide 1200 pounds of meat I hope they help the meat shortage a little but I wont eat them the zoo owner said They seem too much like old friends Sonderleiter said he had the aiale and female bears since open ing the zoo 6 years ago and the baby bear was born at the zoo I feel almost like I was butch ering my own relatives be ob served DAY OP JUDGMENT HERE FOR NAZI SUPERMEN for their crimes against humanity Germanys oncepowerful high command sits in the prisoners dock before the International Military Tribunal at Nuernberg They are Hermann Goering command er of the Luftwaffe Hess deputy fuehrer Joachim von Ribbentrop foreign minister Mar shal Wilhelm Keitel chief of the high command Rosenberg director of the foreign political office Hans Frank who ruled Polish areas Frick director of central office for Norway AlsaceLorraine Julius Streicher editor of Der Sturmer Funk directorof theReidhsbank Schacht head of the Reichsbank Admiral Erich Raeder head of the German Navy von Schirach Reich youth leader Sauckel in charge of slave labor Gen Alfred Jodl Army chief of operations Franz von Papen ambassador to Vienna and Ankara Arthur SeyssInquart Austrian Quisling and gauleiter of the Netherlands Speer chairman of arm aments council Neurath overlord of Czechoslovakia Fritzsche editor of the German News Agency Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz responsible for Uboat warfare and Ernest Kaltenbrunner chief of the brutal concentration camp program are the 2 other de fendants International Frost and Low Temperatures in North Iowa Jack Frost accompanied by reezing temperatures made a our of northern Iowa over the weekend the state weather bu reau reported Monday Spencer had the low for the state with a reading of 30 degrees nwood hit a low of 29 degrees Sunday The thermometer dropped to 32 VIonday morning for the 2nd day n succession at Mason City but ield crops were reportedly be rond any serious damage Except or the few fields planted in June forth Iowa corn was definitely jeyond frost damage The only argument concerning the crop seemed to be whether the light frost would be beneficial in helping it to dry or would have no effect at all Waterloo reported a frost de scribed as heavy Monday morn ing accompanied by a 32degree temperature Frost also was re ported at Charles City and Cedar Rapids where the temperatures bit 32 and 36 respectively Heavy frost also was noted Sunday at Estherville Ames and Charles City where the respective temperatures were 33 35 and 34 In Minnesota frosts generally were light to moderate the weath er bureau said Only one city In ternational Falls in the northern portion of the state suffered a kill ing frost The temperature there dropped to 25 Land O Lakes Wis was the cold spot of the nation with a low of 22 degrees while on the west coast Los Angeles swelterec in 98 degree heat Sunday NAVYPLANEIN DISTANCE HOP Truculent Turtle Is Headed for America BULLETIN Seattle naval district headquarters reported Monday the patrol plane Tru culent Turtle had messaged passing Midway Island at 10 a m EST Monday Washington navy re ported its patrol plane Truculent Turtle passed a point about 90 wiles south of Kwajalein in the Marshall islands group in the Pa cific at 2 am EST Monday on its attempt to set a new long distance record The navys announcement said the planes crew reported flying weather was pretty good plane performance excellent and tnat it would continue on the present route With the 4 man crew was a baby a hitch hiker and mascot U S Navy in Mediterranean to Carry Out Foreign Policy Washington of the Navy Forrestal declared Mon day that UnitedStates naval forces are in the Mediterranean to help carry out American foreign policy And they will be there for some time to come the cabinet officer made plain in an unusual policy statement Simultaneously it was learned that when the Aircraft Carrier Franklin D Roosevelt is withdrawn from the troubled sea it will be promptly replaced by another top Previous emphasis on the FDRs Mediterranean cruise has been on the good will theme Forrestals policy declaration was released as the American gov ernment 1 indicated full back ing to Turkey in that countrys resistance to Russian demands on the Dardanelles 2 studied means to aid the present Greek govern ment in its troubles with Russian supported neighbors and 3 hoped uncertainly for a peaceful settle ment with Yugoslavia over the disposition of Trieste Persons familiar with the rea sons behind the statement said H was drafted about a week ago and hence was not inspired by the fresh Dardanelles conflict or oth er current controversies However it gave the American people and foreign governments one of the simplest statements of the reasons and purposes under lying the presence of American warships in the Mediterranean to be made since the end of the war Today Forrestal said the United States navy is continuing to maintain forces in the eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean sea for the following specific pur poses First to support the allied oc SECRETARY FORRESTAL cupatiori forces and the allied military government in the dis charge of their responsibilities in the occupied areas of Europe Second to protect U S inter ests and to support U S policies in the areas U S Army Mission Ready for Rescueof Enslaved Airmen Hope to Ransom 5 or More Americans Held by Lolo Tribesmen Shanghai U S army rescue mission Monday rounded up silver footstuffs and blankets withwhich it hoped to ransom 5 or more American airmen en slaved by headhunting Lolo tribesmen in the wilds near Tibet An official label of accuracy finally was put on reports that a number of Americans downed while flying over the hump from India to China during the war were in bondage of the savage tribesmen Lt Col Herbert W Wurtzler of Minneapolis headed the rescue missionwhich swung into action It hoped to lure the Lolos into a relatively easy surrender of the Americans with ransom materials for the savages would amount to treasure trove Already the word had gone out over the bamboo telegraph in the Lolo wilds that the Meikuo Americans were willing to pay a rich ransom in silver bullion blankets salt and the like for the safe delivery of the enslaved air men The first move inthe delicate attempt to rescue the men who presumably have been captives of ths aborigines for more than 2 years was made by a Chinese Catholic priest Familiar with the customs of the Lplos the priest set out afoot from a Catholic mis sion at Hsichang on the border of Lololand 250 miles southwest of Chungking Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer Monday night arid Tuesday Iowa Fair and somewhat wann er Monday night Tuesday fair and warmer Lowest Monday night 42 east to 50 extreme west Highest Tuesday 75 to 80 Minnesota Partly cloudy and warmer Monday night and Tues day Southerly winds 25to 30 miles ah hour Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 60 Minimum 32 At 3 a m Monday 44 Light frost YEAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 35 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 65 Minimum 32 At 8 a m Sunday 40 Precipitation 17 Light frost YEAR AGO Maximum 39 Minimum 26 Deadline for New Maritime Strike Nears Washington a mid night zero hour government la bor experts fought against time here and in San Francisco Mon day to avert a new strike lieup of American shipping If the walkout comes off on scheduled it will be the 2nd shut down of this countrys ports in less than a month AFL and CIO seamens unions paralyzed the greater part of the shipping in dustry for 17 days earlier in Sep tember None of the 3 unions involved in the current crisis shared in the settlement terms of that walkout At issue in the government ne gotiations here are 30 and 35 per cent wage boost demands plus union security clauses sought by the CIO Marine Engineers and the AFL Mates unions A No Jehovahs Witnesses Meeting in Lacona Des Moines Wit nesses held no meeting at Lacona Sunday site of previous turbulent sessions by the religious group WUlard Moore spokesman for the Witnesses said the group can celled its last scheduled meeting in Lacona when they failed to re ceive any reply to a request to the city council to use the city park Previous meetings at Lacona this month by Jehovahs Witnesses resulted in disturbancesand on one occasion roads leading to the city were blocked so the group could not enter the city to hold a scheduled meeting The Witnesses now have on file in federal court a petition seeking to enjoin Warren county sheriff Lewis Johnson and Lacona city officers from interfering with the groups meetings Read The United States Army Message Today on Page 2 DANUBE RIVER IN PEACE PACTS See Free Navigation Clause for Shipping Paris peace conference commission decided over Russian objection Monday to write a dec laration on Danube river shipping iilo the forthcoming peace treaties with Balkan states after U S Sen Arthur H Vandenberg urged clause guaranteeing freedom of trade on the vital inland water way The vote in the Balkans eco nomic commission was 9 to 5 along the usual eastwest lines of division It foreshadowed probable adoption of a French amendment supported by both the United States and Britain which would establish freedom of navigation as a principle binding upon Romania and would require a conference of riparian states plus the big 4 to apply the principle within 6 months from the time the treaty takes effect Vandenberg opened the United States campaign in the economic commission on Balkan one of the most controversial issues re maining clave before the treaty con Power Strike in Pittsburgh at Standstill Pittsburgh for set tlement of Pittsburghs power strike turned Monday to federa government conciliators assignee to help find a solution in the dis pute which has precipitated a cri sis in the nations tenth largest city The concilation service In Washingtonasked that the princi pals in the tentatlves of the Dutmesne Ligh Co and an independent union of 3500 employesrenter into an im mediate and continuous negotiat ing session until the issues are settled At the same timethe labor de partment named the conciliators William Margolis of New York and Lucian Rye of Baltimore They were expected to arrive Mon day to join Concilator Charles Kutz who has been working on the case since it developed Meanwhile power continued to flow in limited quantity to the steel areas 1500000 residents but Mayor David L Lawrence speaking over the citys five radio stations Sunday night told the citizens we are a stricken city The 287000volt 250mile line from Boulder Dam to Los Angeles is the greatest powertransmitting line in the world Former WAC Captain Gets 5 Years for Royal Gem Theft Frankfurt Germany WAC Capt Kathleen Nash Durant was convicted Monday by a military court of stealing worth of Hesse family jewels and was sentenced to 5 years imprison ment at hard labor with dishonorable discharge Mrs Durants husband Col Jack Durant and Maj David Watson are awaiting trial on complicity charges in the theft of the jewels from Kronberg castie Mrs Durant displayed no emotion as the 9officer court handec down its verdict of guilty on 3 counts of larceny embezzlement and being absent without leave her military post The 43yearold defendant had been in charge of the Hesse family castle used as an American army officers club last winter when the jewels disappeared The Du rants were married on their re turn to the United States from Germany Mrs Dnrants attorney pleaded that she was being made the scapegoat for all the looting done by American soldiers in occupied Germany Thousands of others have done the same thing said Lt Col John S Dwinnell of Brooklyn N Y in his closing appeal for mercy It is unjust to point the finger at this woman and say you will now pay the penalty for something that the whole world knows many many people have done with immunity KATHLEEN DURANT TRIBUNAL FINDS RIME IN WAR OF AGGRESSION Final Verdicts and Sentences Will Be Delivered on Tuesday Nuernberg Germany ff The nternational military tribunal ruled Monday for the first time n history that conspiracy to com mit aggressive war is a supreme crime in a monumental verdict ndicating imprisonment or the gallows for the 22 former leaders of nazi Germany The German general staff and ligh command and the rcich net were acquitted of charges that hey were criminal organizations Certain groups of the leadership corps the SS or Elite Guard the SD a department which operated a spy system and the Gestapo were convicted The first part of the 100000 word verdict by judges of the United States Great Britain Rus sia and France strongly indicated that Hermann Goering Rudolf Hess Joachim Von Ribbentrop and the other cians diplomats military leaders iinanciers and party functionaries be convicted on 1 or more if the 4 counts in the indictment The court indicated however that some of the lesser defendants might not be sentenced on the part of the indictment charging a conspiracy to commit aggressive war The tribunal has decided that certain of the defendants planned and waged aggressive war against 12 nations and were therefore guilty of this series of crimes it said All defendants are charged with 2 or more counts and most with 3 or 4 under the tribunal charter A 5000word summary of the judgment rendered after 10 months of a trial such as the world had never seen before indicated that smaller nazi party function aries who might not have been sufficiently important to partici pate in the main conspiracies would be caught in other counts of the indictment The court said evidence was overwhelming The demeanor of the men listen ing to their fate generally was grim Goering and Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel both indicated they believed themselves doomed to death Hjalmar Schacht former wizard of German finance sat aside from the other defendants with a pained expression on his face Hess rolled back and forth in his seat with stomach cramps and had to be taken from the rigidly guarded courtroom Shortly after noon Monday the U S army guard standing behind Col Gen Alfred Jodl former chief of staff of the German army fell in a faint as the tribunal was reading its judgments The trial proceeded without in terruption while the guard lay on the floor for 3 or 4 minutes before regaining his feet and staggering from the room The heat from the lights in the crowded room was stifling The defendants will learn their individual fates Tuesday Final verdicts and sentences willbe delivered Tuesday when the tribunal concludes the read ing of its 100000 word judgment on the evidence presented by prosecutors for Britain France Russia and the United States since the trial began on Nov 201945 The tribunal described as quite overwhelming the evidence ad duced on the 4 main counts in the indictment and while naming no names in the early stages ruled that aggressive war is a crime that conspiracies existed to wage aggressive war and that war crimes and crimes against human ity had been committed Before reading of the judgment was an hour a n d a half under way Hermann Goering once the No 2 nazi virtually conceded that he was on the way to the gallows by telling defense lawyers I did not expect that they would go through all this to kill us Most of the defendants apeared reconciled to the belief they would be condemned to death The tribunal rejected flatly the plea of some of the defendants that their acts had been com mitted under orders from Adolf Hitler Fire Damages Cafe Storm Lake did an estimated damage Sunday to the Highway cafe on Main street which had been closed for Sunday ;