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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 30, 1943, Mason City, Iowa OF H I A A A i fjto M J I i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION UiUlf VOL XUX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUIX LEASED WmtS FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 30 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 305 BERLIN ADMITS NAPLES EVACUATED Reds Near North Line of White Russia RUDNYA TAKEN SOVIET FORCES SWEEP ONWARD Potential Threat to German Held Poland Is Seen With Gains BULLETIN London UP The German radio said Thursday that a pow erful Russian thrust had pene trated an unidentified locality northwest of Smolensk and street fighting now is going on London the capture of Rudnya important communi cations center midway between Smolensk and Vitebsk red army forces Thursday were plunging ahead toward the northern bor ders of White Russia less than 10 miles away The swift advance constituted a potential threat to German held Poland 100 miles further west and Riga capital and chief city of Latvia on the shores of the Baltic sea A Reuters dispatch from Mos cow quoted frontline dispatches as saying that the Russians had scored a 10mile advance toward Zhlobin 50 miles northwest of Gomel on the road lo Minsk and a junction point on the last re maining rail link between the northern1 and southern German armies The red army forces were re ported rapidly advancing beyond Bolshe Neraki 52 miles east of Zhlobin where the drive towards Minsk apparently began Minsk is f approximately 175 miles north v vert ji Gomel and 20 miles from the old Toluh border 4A W1BB M from the spearhead of the ad vancing soviet columns and capture of that northern Ger man bastion would open the way for a possible drive down the main railroad route to Riga 300 miles to the northwest More than 300 miles to the south on the broad plains of the Dnieper river valley other Rus sian divisions stood on the east bank of the river in front of the historic fortresscity of Kiev t after capturing Darnitsa 9 miles U S TASK FORCE SMASHES JAP plumes of smoke rise from burning Japanese planes and oil and gasoline storage tanks above as planes of a U Snavy task force complete their job of smashing enemy installations on Marcus island This photo taken from a Grummau avenger has just been released by the navy department U S navy photo to the east and storming the bridgehead defenses of Trunk hanov island which lies directly below the walls of theTJkrainian capital perched high on the west bank More than 6000 Germans were killed in this battle a Rus sian communique said Here the red army troops were 210 airline miles from the frontier of the former Russian province of Bessarabia now a part of Rumania Storming of Kiev which front dispatches in dicated was imminent would leave the Bug river defense line the only formidable obstacle lo drive on Bessarabia by the soviet Ukrainian armies A major victory reported by the Russian communique was the cap ture ot Xrcmenchug on the east bank of the Dnieper between Kiev and Dnepropetrovsk city wiped out one of the last German bridgeheads on the east1 bank of the river the Russians said and isolated a sizeable nazi force pocketed between the river and Poltava to the east It also posed a direct flanking threat to German farcesdefend ing the treat Power city of Dnepropetrovsk 83 miles to the southeast should soviet troops effect a crossing of the river in force The battle for the middle Dniep er however was admittedly tierce Moscow dispatches clearly indicated that the Germans were by no means routed and were fighting for the river with every thing they had Between Smolensk and Kiev to the north the red army advanced to within 12 miles of Gomel on the northeast and was driving toward Mogilev and Orsha in the direc tion of Vitebsk More than 370 towns were scooped up in these operations while still further north in the Rudnya sector 120 towns and hamlets were occupied the Russians asserted Capture ofthis strategic VFW OPPOSES WORLD STATE Against Dilution of National Sovereignty New York Veterans of Foreign Wais placed itself on record Thursday as unalterably opposed to any proposal to bring the United States into a world government or superstate The organizations view was made known in a resolution adoptee at the last session of the 44th national encampment The resolution also declared that any dilution of our national sovereign ty was opposed The encampment voted to op pose a proposal it said had been made for a flag with 4 upright bars against a white background to represent the 4freecloms The resolution added that we will not forsake the Stars and Stripes Morgenthau Reports Bond Goal Reached Evansville Ind of the Treasury Morgenthau an nounced here Thursday the na fiorTs 3rd war loan drive goal 515000000000 had been met The secretary who came her to participate in the launching o an invasion barge at the Evans ville shipyards made the ai nouneement at the launching cere monies An hour ago I had word from the treasury in Washing ton that at H oclock this morning we met and passed our national goal of 515000000 000 Morpenthau said we still have Z days to go What happens Friday and Sa urday will measure lor us the p triotism of the American peop and more than that will measur for us the nations understanding of the principles involved in this war the secretary said We know now why we are fighting This is no longer a war of de fense if it ever was such a war Nor is it any mere war of re sistance against aggressors This war is a struggle between 2 ways of thought The lesson we have in mind for the dictators is that our way of life our democratic prin ciples can and will beat theirs has crushed them in the past will blast them this time vviJi halt them if they ever again dare to challenge it Our every word our every deed must reaffirm that our armies are in fact the peoples armies that lie uorld of our future will be in fact a world for all the people all of the time He described the purchase of war bonds as a means by which every American citizen can play a direct part in the war and said it was the 1 great unifying in fluence of the home front ARMS DUMP AT WEWAK RUINED BY U S AIRMEN Ammunition Explosion Causes Great Display of Pyrotechnics Allied Headquarters In The outhwest Pacific huge ore of ammunition which the apunese painstakingly had trans orted overseas for use against icneral MacArtlmrs advancing lew Guinea troops was exploded uesday at Wewak by liberator ombers in the greatest pyrotech ic display ever seen in the south vest Pacific This new blow following by day the destruction of more than GO enemy planes and 7 ships at Wewak was reported Thursday in a communique which also announced that hard fighting Australians have inched through bitter Japanese resist ance to within 600 yards of the main jetty at Finschhafen The Japanese utilized 40 fighter ilanes and concentrated batteries ot antiaircraft guns in an effort o prevent further destruction at Wewak where approximately 500 ot their aircraft have been wiped out in little more than u month But the raiders shot down 8 in erceptors added 145 tons of Mnibs to the 106 tons dropped Monday and departed intact smoke from the munitions blast covered the whole Wewak penin sula The fighting caliber of the opposing pilots led returning fly ere1 theyi were crack navy ainriirt rushed in from1 Ra Siatii Report Hitler Said Dnieper Must Be Held Stockholm UR Adolf Hitler was reported by the Swedish press Thursday to have made a dra matic trip to the Russian front where he summoned his generals and announced bluntly that the Dnieper river line must be held Here am and here f shall remain the newspaper Nya Dagligt Allehanda quoted Hitler as telling his commanders The Stalingrad psychosis must be ban ished Hitler was said to have appeared unexpectedly at the headquarters of Marshal Frit von Manstein He summoned all the other gen erals and ordered that not an other inch of ground be surrend ered to Die Red army After this the Dnieper line will be the natural frontier between the 2 armies and this frontier shall be held Hitler was quoted in a dispatch ciatelinecl Bern A Berlin dispatch of the nazl controlled Scandinavian telegraph bureau quoted authoritative Ger man quarters as announcing that the German retreat in Russia had been halted and military lead j crs were determined to hold the Dnieper line START DRAFTING FATHERS FRIDAY Iowa Has Enough Men to Fill October Call The resultant flames after the storagedepot washit could be seen for 60 miles A large fuel dump and several supply dumps also were destroyed Nearer the ground fighting at Finschhafen liberators caused landslide obstructions with 1000 pound bombs on the coastal road south of Aladang The Finschhafen garrison in addition to falling back from some prepared positions scattered through plantation and jungle on the northern outskirts ol the mis sionary village also were men aced by a force moving along the coast from Lae The defenders were divebombed and shelled by artillery In the Solomons 35 liberators and lightnings hit Japans big Kahili airbase on Bougainville with 600 bombs after which nearly 100 torpedo and divebomb ers worked over nearby gun po sitions One of 30 zeros which at tacked the liberators was downed and 20 corsairs and hellcats got a second in high altitude fights with 30 more zeros One United States plane crashlanded but the pilot was saved Despite repealed attacks the Japanese are managing o bring up more antiaircraft guns to keep Kahili operating FIGHT FOR sian forces arrows ivest and sooth of Smolensk driving at the railway cities of Vitebsk Orsha and Mogilev were report ed fighting fiercely for control of these transportation centers following the capture of Rlimo Shaded area is German 7 Men to Leave Raft for Bond Parade and Then Go Back to River Portland Ore 7 men on a raft will leave the Wil lamette river Thursday raft and do their part in the 3rd war bond drive The raft and its occupants un shaven hungry and weary will be hoisted on to a truck for a tour of the waterfront invasion expo sition a feature of Portlands bond drive Then its back lo Ihe river and the slim remains of the emer gency rations with which they pushed off in liie navy life rait 12 days ago They vowed to re main in the raft until Oregon filled its 3rd war loan quola 104000000 Astronomer Hangs Self at Base of Telescope in Cincinnati Observatory Cincinnati A verdict of suicide was returned Thursday in the death of Dr Elliott Smith 68 who was found hanged from the base of a large telescope at the University of Cincinnati where he became one ot the countrys foremost astronomers Coroner Frank M Coppock is sued the verdict Associates of the professor said he had been in ill health lately and recently was a patient in a Cincinnati hospital The body hanging on a rope suspended from an arm ot the huge telescope was found by Dr Everett Vowell whom Smith had succeeded as director of the observatory 3 years ago Jap Sub Now in Fight for U S Coming Sub Picture Story on Page 19 A Japanese submarine built to fight Pearl the sneaking attack on Harbor is now fighting against its builders by helping to sell the U S war bonds which are expected to put Cerro Gordo county over the top in the 3rd war loan drive Every S25 E bond purchctl in the county this week entitled the buyer to a ticket lo inspect the submarine in Mason City Oct 13 This incentive to purchase E bonds is expected to push sales over the quota a war finance committee spokesman said DCS Moines are its Ofctober cafi in the main with out jlnductiphi dt prePearl Har bor Vfathers ColRobert Fvaton quow officer ofthe state selective service administration said Tnurs daV J However he this does ot mean local boards should not cVmtinue with processing of such fathers who inajbe neces sary to calls Washington congress still debating the wisdom of it the draft of fathers for military serv ice starts Friday and an Associated Press indicates an over whelming majority states will start inducting family heads im mediately in order to meet their quotas Local boards have been un der orders to avoid insofar as possible induction of prewar fathers until Oct 1 Selective service authorities contend that 416000 fathers must go into uni form between now and the 1st of the year to meet the demands of the armed forces Draft officials of 24 states in cluding mostof the south said they definitely expect to call pre Pearl Harbor fathers in October Only 10 slates reported that they could postpone it until after Nov 1 The war department which has insisted that there should be no blanket deferments for any group such as fathers indicated a will ingness lo act on criticisms or lawmakers who have bucked the father draft idea General staff men meeting with a group of senators discussed plans to deny government employment to any ablebodied draftage nonfather unless he is considered indispens able and to bar from Washington desk duty any commissioned of ficer in that same draft category Actually many fathers already are in uniform Draft headquarters says some prePearl Harbor dads were in ducted for these reasons were men whose occu pations were listed as nonde ferrable fathers who abandoned violation of the Tydings amendment and an swerable by indue ion children were not financially dependent on them Many other fathers volunteered Now dependency of itself ceases BANGUI PAYS VISIT AT MALTA TO EISENHOWER Italian Units Now in Action Against Germans Says Report Allied Headquarters in North Africa Gen Dwight D Eisenhower allied comniariderm chief in the Mediterranean thea ter conferred with Italian Mar shal Pietro Badoglio on military cooperation aboard a warship at Malta Wednesday an official an nouncement said Thursday Accompanying Eisenhower were Gen Sir Harold Alexander allied ground commander Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham commander of allied naval forces in the Mediterranean Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder the Mediterranean a i r commander Harold MacMillan British minis ter in north Africa and Robert Muvphy United States minister in north Africa The principal topic of dis cussion was the method for making the most effective Ital ian military effort against the common enemy said the official announcement The conference was held aboard he battleship H M S Nelson he flagship of Vice Admiral A U Willis The text of the communique said Sept 29 the allied comman derinchiet met Marshal Badog lio to discuss military quarlions of mutual interest The conference was held in Malta on biard the flagship of Vice Admiral Willis H M S Nelson Marshal Badoglio was accom panied by members of his mili tary naval and air staff while the eenutimwterlnehitf was Fear Nazi Wrath May Hit Vatican By PHIL AUIT London Madrid dis patch reported Thursday that Ro man Catholic leaders were open ly fearful Adolf Hitler and Bcuito Mussolinis puppet fascists might make Vatican City the target of a desperate gesture before evac uating Home to the allies Radio Berlin oiv Sept 20 broad cast an attack byMussolinis re publican fascist government on the pacifism and antiGerman sentiments of the Vatican warn ing of radical measures if the Vaticans policy was not changed The Madrid dispatch quot ing advices from France said Rome residents were confident Pope Pius XII would not com ply with the demand and that they feared what might happen when the axis tasting new de feats is forced to abandon the Eternal City German pressure oi the Vati can continued with fewer and fewer visitors including cardinals and church officials allowed to see the Pope and more Italian churches have been closed in re prisal against antiaxis sentiment among the clergy Madrid said The dispatch said everywhere the atmosphere is electrified and tense as nazi patrols in armored cars and infantry with machine guns operate under the shadows ot Romes majestic monuments and ancient ruins A dispatch from Bern said however that a new under standing had been reached be tween the Vatican and the com mander of the German occupa tion troops in Rome under which priests hereafter may cir culate freely in Rome and the Pope may resume private au diences It said the Pope recently had received Msgr Ilario Alcini apo stolic inspector ot Italian Catholic SAY REVOLT BY COMMUNISTS IS PARTLY CAUSE Fear New Allied Landings in Naples Itself Is Report accompanied by Admiral of the Fleet Cnnnlndtua General Alexander Air Chief Tedder Allied Chief of SUtf Mai Gen Bedell Smith Harold MacMillan and Robert Murphy The principal topic of discus sion was the method for making most effective military efforts against the common enemy Ger many Some units of Italian military air and naval forces have al ready been engaged against the Germans actively JAPS USE NEW FIGHTER PLANE Is More Formidable Than Washington Japanese have come up with a new fighter senunanes German Prisoner Says His Division Called The Herman Meyer Allied Headquarters N o r t Africa allied intelli gence officer asked the Gerroai who had been captured on the Sa lerno front to name his divisior The Hermann Meyer said In German The what Did you not hear Goering broadcast statement my nam will be Herman Meyer if an British bombs fall on Germany replied the German plane more formidable than the zero Senator Brewster R Me U S War Casualties 115000 Says Stimson date sales of series E bonds during the 3rd war loan drive are less than they were in the April campaign he declared have sold only S60000D worth ot E bonds on a quota of 1 million The series E bonds are among the most important he explained because they are the ones which must do the antiinflation job This is the most important money that we are asked to obtain be cause it comes largely from the small investor and from people i with lower incomes These are Buy War Savings Bonds and the people Who are in the greatest Stamps from your GlobeGazette t danger as far as inflation is con carrier boy I ccrned lo be a ground for deferment and in perparation for this prePearl Harbor dads between 18 and 38 who are not making a substan tial contribution to the war effort in their work arc being put m 1A class in the order of their draft numbers If the local board considers their work important enough in the war effort and if they can not be re placed in their jobs they go in class 2 and continue to be de ferred Each board is supposed to in duct fathers only after it has ex hausted the mpply of childless men postPearl Harbor fathers those whose jobs are on the pub lished nondeferrable list disclosed Thursday anil the United Stales may have lo send more big league batllcrs t cope with them Brewster one of 3 senators just 42000 mile swing over the worlds battlefronts in an army plane told an interview er that the new superzero ap parently was just getting into because only a few bad been sighted But those few he indicated iiad proved tough He said the ratio of American victories over losses which ran as high as 4 o 1 has begun lo drop On every front line air field he louring senators were told we want more planes7 Pilots with experience in vari ous theaters of combat generally rate Ihe air over France as major league area because ot the high quality the enemys equipment and the undeniable skill ot German pilots Until the appearance of the new Japanese model Brewster said U S fighters in the far Pacific con sidered quantity more important than quality Now however they are urging stcppcdup speed climb and maneuverability in Iheir own ships Brewsler said it was conceded everywhere that American bomb ers nre the worlds best and one of his fellow travelers Senator Russell D went further declaring There isnt any doubt that our latest model planes of all types are as good or better than any thing any other nation has THURSDAY LAST DAT Washington IfPi War casua ties of the nations armed force have reached approximatclv US 000 Secretary of War Stimson cli lc i closed Thursday that army casi I allies to dale total abon while figures announced by tile navy department placed navil casualties at 10102 The navy total included 11258 dead 5303 wounded miss ing and 4143 taken prisoner BULLETIN STOCKHOLM Ger mans have evacuated Naples after destroying harbor installa tions a Berlin dispatch to the ewspaper Aftonbhidet said Thursday Communistic revolt and bofape on a biff scale were lartly forcing the evacuation he Germans said The military spokesman in Berlin said the rebels were cooperating with allied troops south of Naples aud added that Because of the nearness of the alliesand the risk of new al lied landings in Naples itself German war chieftains consider it far too risky lo keep troops in the city FATALLY INJURED llubbard scar Lee Daugherty ot Centcrville was fatally injured Wednesday in Ihe collision of 2 gravel Irucks north of here Curtis Pryor also of Cen terville was seriously injured Both men were employed on a county road graveling project Des Moines Thursday was the final day for holders of A gasoline books to have their 2nd tire inspection It also is the last day for payment without penalty of the 2nd installment on the state income tax Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional light rain Thursday afternoon Thursday night and Friday forenoon con tinued mild Iowa Occasional iisht rain east nnd south central portions Thursday night and extreme east portions Friday forenoon Slightly cooler northwest and extreme west Thursday night Little change in temperature Friday forenoon Minnesota Cooler west siul nortl central portions Thursday night and north portions Friday fore noon Occasional light rain ex treme southeast portions Thurs day night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 78 Minimum Wednesday night 57 At 8 a m Thursday 60 Rain 20 in YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 30 By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters in North Vfrica American 5th rmy rolled across the coastal lain at the foot ot Vesuvius hursdny toward the towers of moke and flame that marked the ity Naples Italys second rcatest port Overrunning Pompeii the modern town of 4000 people built on the ashes of its ancient namesake that was destroyed in 79 A D troops of Lt Gen Mark W Clark drove to the southern slopes of 3900foot Vesuvius and began the last stages of their approach around the the vnlcane Gen Eisenhowers communique the cap ture of both Pompeii iniles along the coast Naples and Mercato San Servinb 22 iniles southeast of the big port has been shaken and swept for a week by the explosions and fires set by German demolition crews and ridden by vengeful machine gun squads reported to have ex cited a reign of terror among the people But it was probable that the troops were much closer than dis closed by the communique which usually contains no information of operations later than 6 p m of the preceding day The Cairo radio said the 5th army was rapidly investing the city from the south and southeast The German communique broadcast from Berlin said that harbor installations had been de stroyed in an effort to prevent lied landings and that very se vere measures were taken against communist riots which are flar ing While Clarks army continued its unbroken advance Gen Sir Bernard L 8th army along the Adriatic contin ued to consolidate the newly won air bases at Foggia only 160 miles from Rome and branched out to reach Man fredtmia on the coast in a 20 mile advance from Zapponeto The weather turned from rain nd wind to warm as General herman tanks and other tanks of he 5th army rumbled past Pom ei to the outskirts Torre An mnziata beating down rearguard pposition and pressing on despite xtcnsive minefields and demoli ions which had ruined roads and Bridges The bulk of the German defend ers apparently had fled into Na and then on to the north ac cording lo an air force announce ment which told of bombarding truck columns to the north east of the city The fierce rush of Gen Clarks iroops through the mountain ring iad cost clearly however A military spokesman an nounced thit British divisions of the 5lh army suffered 5211 cas ualties from Sept 9 the begin ning of the battle of Salerno to Sept 20 This was a hish pro portion of casualties considering the number of troops involved The war department an nounced last Saturday that Amer ican casualties at Salerno up lo Sept 15 totaled 34S7 The capture of Torre Annunzi ata would place the 5th army nine miles from Naples city limits along the flat plain bordering the gulf Even if the Germans planned a temporary stand on the western slope of Vesuvius it was probable that the entry into Naples would be within a day or two In capturing Mercato San Sevfrino the allies continued to develop their flanking move ment against the city The town TT ;