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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 30, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLII LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER THIS PAJEK CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 306 Laws Seldom Repealed Confusion Result of System A law once passed in the United States almost never is repealed prohibition was but the looeness of that exception goes to prove the rule If a law is passed or a policy is adopted which fails to give satisfactory re sults our Ameri can system is not to drop the policy or rescind the law but to one out of our statute result is everlasting For e re sion policy conflicting with pol icy law with law Result Confusion example we legislated that certain monopolies are desirable So we tried to exempt them from the monopoly ban Since then no one has been able to tell malevo lent and beneficent monopolies GIANTS WIN SERIES OPENER 61 Madrid Starts Evacuation of Children PLAN POWERFUL MILITIA TO HURL BACKSOCIALISTS Defenders Hold Lines at Point 30 Miles From Madrid MADRID Via evac uation of children from Madrid has begun The government Tuseday sent orphans of the civil war and children of militiamen fighting at the front to Valencia and other cities on the Mediterranean coast The minister of the interior an nounced further that facilities have been placed at the disposition of all citizens of the capital desiring to leave Madrid for eastern coastal cities rwv tried to define on a grand scale but the federal supreme court knocked its definition out These conflicts generally haven t been knocked out so cleanly The average of them have strung out interminably from early con litutional days remaining unde 3 yet Tariff Works Both Ways Tariff protection Protection is a very nice thing for producer who is trying to keep foreign competition out of his home so nice for a producer who must buy in a highpriced pro tected market but must sell for ex port at world prices The American manufacturer been in the former fix ever since tfeiT country has become strongly industrialized The American farmer has been in the latter fix buying at high prices in a protected market and Selling for export at what he can S6The American manufacturer al ways has been very liberal with crop protection knowing that the farmer cant benefit by import tax ation Let the farmer he has insisted have all he wants of it that it can do him no good The Farmer Turns The farmer fell for this for years and years Gradually it began to soak into his head that industrial protection applies in inverse ratio to his oc cupation Protection that subsidizes man ufacturing is at his expense So he demands subsidies on his own agricultural account The protective system in short prejudices agriculture But the protective policy is so trummed that it doesnt mean the farmer anyway Subsidies Relief Plowings un der Initially the farmer took care of himself Now he is protected He is enabled to charge high prices But his customer cannot pay them It will take a few weeks to dem onstrate the readjustment but well see it More Are Mobilized IN HAMPTON DIES Former Franklin County Treasurer Was III Five Days H Luke 51 cashier of the Hampton State bank former treasurer of Frank lin county and husband of Lou Mal lory Luke who writes the Vag rant Thoughts feature on the GlobeGazette editorial page died Wednesday morning after an illness of five days with a bronchial in fection Besides his wife Mr Luke is survived by two sisters Mrs F B Webb and Mrs Minnie Campbell both of Hampton and four broth ers W B Luke Hampton Charles L Luke Des Moines W L Luke Long Beach Cal Luke Ames and Judge J Y Funeral services will probably be held Friday with the Rev W C Cleworth of the Methodist church in charge Mr Luke was bom on a farm northwest of Hampton on Jan 1 1885 the son of Capt and Mrs J W Luke He served as deputy treasurer of Franklin county from 1909 to 1917 when he was elected treasurer which position he held until 1932 Since 1932 he has been cashier of the Hampton State bank The Spanish government mobi lized two additional classes of con scripts into a powerful army Wed nesday to counter attack the south ern fascist forces and hurl them out of recently fallen Toledo Socialist troops stubbornly halted their slow retreat fom Toledo to Madrid and dug in under bursting shells from insurgent sixinch bat teries blazing away from the heights of Toledo Grimly throughout the night the battle raged from Olias Del Key to Ibanes De La Sagra where the gov eminent main line was organized Militias Fight Doggedly Doggedly the opposing nlilitias fought through the olive groves shimmering under a brilliant Span ish moon that gave a ghostly touch to the carnage With Madrid only 30 miles behind them the government defenders held their lines until dawn with its inevitable accompaniment of bom bardment by the insurgent black birds of Actually few of the front line veterans knew that their objective was to drive the fascists from To ledo Few of them knew that the Alcazar city had fallen and their comrades driven southward Government military circles said however that the insurgent tenure of Toledo was threatened Four days of fighting they point ed out had failed to drive the so cialist army from the highway at Olias Del Rey while across the Ta gus river a phantom column from Valencia was laying in wait for in surgent attempts to cut the Cnidad real railroad at Algodor and the Valencia line at Castillejos Claim Capital Surrounded At Burgos however the insur ant high command announced fascist armies had a stranglehold on Madrid ringing the government capital with a virtually completed band of steel With the encircling movement basic feature of the fascist tactics drawing to its close the insurgent junta declared the direct attack on Madrid would begin im mediately They predicted imminent fall or the capital and said a planned up rising of the rightist elements of the population of Madrid in the final hours of the drive would climax its capitulation Say Madrid in Confusion I Madrid was pictured in wild con fusion in announcements from fas cist general headquarters Women and children were reported being mobilized for a last deperate fense Anarchists the report sorted were getting the upper hand of the peoples front socialist gov erment Brutal conflict between the po litical socialist adminis the the fas cist has brought death to tens of thousands Wars End Uncertain The toll remains to be determined although estimates published abroad early this month set the number at between and Since then attacks and counterattacks have gouged gaping holes in the opposing armies and left hundreds dead in bulletmarked fields and streets When will the war end None can say Even insurgent command ers have acknowledged capture of Madrid will give them only control of the present seat of government Wide areas In the particularly those In eastern and far northeastern icmaln to be brought under in surgent influence de as LOOK INSIDE FOR EARL BROWDER Browder Communist Candidate Arrested ON PAGE 2 Brown Plan Runs Into Heavy Rains Increase Demand for Drain Tile ON PAGE 5 Routes of Mason City Bus Lines Given on Map ON PAGE 5 Snag in Iowa Rulebook ON PAGE 9 31 College Heads to Be at Friley Program ON PAGE 8 ENGLAND SEEKS TO HAVE PEACE FOR HOLY LAND Martial Law Ordered to End Terrorism by Arabs EDITORS NOTE Martial law is ordered for the Holy Land Wednesday as Great Britain strives to end the terrorism of the Arabs war against Jewish immi gration Edward J Neil Associa ted Press war correspondent on his way from covering the Italo Ethlopian conflict spent two months in the Holy Land with both British and Arab forces and in the following story gives a pic ture of the ArabJewish back ground as gathered first By EDWARD J NEIL NEW YORK years have passed since Field Marshal Allenby stormed Jerusalem with British and Arab forces bringing Turkish domination of centuries to an end Today martial law culmin ates the 16 years of Britains man date over the Holy Land Outwardly the World war might still be on there Troops some of Britains finest regiments augmented by thousands more arriving daily with the finest of equipment hundreds of machine guns field pieces and squadrons of airplanes still are striyirig to make the mandate work able To Preserve Chain They are fighting not only a com parative handful of desperate Arabs raiding from the barren rock strewn hills and the desert country around the Dead sea but to preserve as well Britains empire chain through the neareast into Africa Overhead hangs the danger of a jeneral uprising of the millions of and particu bedouins ot money judi 4 KILLED WHEN PLANE CRASHES Falls While Photographers Are Making Pictures of Train NAPERVILLE persons were dead Wednesday aa a result of a crash of their airplane in full view of the passengers of a streamline train which they were photographing for the movies An assistant photographer left behind because there was no room was the sole survivor of the picture making party Pilot Oscar Hanold 28 and his three passengers Miss Wilma Schuester 24 Howard Adams 27 and Ralph Bidy 36 all of Chicago were burned to death Tuesday night when the craft nosed into a nearby field and sought to caught afire photograph a as they speeding streamline train Left behind because there was no room for his equipment was John Sedivy 27 employed by the same Chicago Moving Picture firm as the passengers who were killed He had accompanied them to the Chicago municipal airport for the takeoff Thirty minutes later the plane after reaching and circling the train swerved and fell Two explo sions followed said Walter Hage mann and Helmet Gratzhoffer farm boys who saw the crash Fire en veloped the allwooden craf t JNaper ville firemen hurried to it in a futile rescue attempt Woman Is Injured by 4 Robbers Who Get in Oil Station LEON Overholtzer 28 was recovering from a back injury Wednesday while authorities search ed for the four men who robbed her filling station of 30 and injured her by pushing her into a store room as they fled MlSB Overholtzer the only attendant at the station said the men took all the money from ths cash register pushed her backwards to the floor of the ad joining room and bolted the door from the outside She was freed by a farmer who came to the station moslems of tne east larly of the dreaded Transjordaoia where cially spread among the chieftains has kept of the worlds fiercest fighters on the sidelines Worse still is the threat to Great Britain of another humiliation in the eaat to match the loss of prestige suffered in the failure to stop Italy in Ethiopia In Greater Disorder She may be called before the league of nations at any time for an accounting of the mandate given her 16 years ago Today the country is in greater disorder than ever before Martial law is the new law terror the normal state of all inhabitants Previous uprisings of the Arabs growing out of bitterness over the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine over unrestricted immigration and immense land buy ing were put down But this one which has gone on 24 weeks is a fight to the death in sur roundings aow so bitter that leaders on bothsides agree there is no peaceful solution Arabs in Britain hints that Italy and Ger many have had hands in strengthen ing the resistance of the Arabs since they now have no visible means of support But since the famous Balfour declaration in 1917 looking with favor on establishment of a national home in Palestine Britains way there has been trouble Today the Jews number in Palestine but ownabout one third of the tillable land The Arabs numbering live in poverty The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair in central and western portions showersIn extreme eastern portion Wednes day afternoon and night cooler the west and north portions Wednesday night with likelihood of light frost Thursday fair and cooler In northeast portion MINNESOTA Cloudy becom ing fair cooler Wednesday night with heavy frost or freezing tem perature Thursday fair rising temperature in north portion IN CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum Tuesday 63 Minimum in Night At 8 A M Wednesday 48 Last year Oct 3 brought the first real frost of the year September passes into history with no frost as yet Over an extended period Sept 30 has been the average date of the first killinsfrost F R Returns After Talk in Syracuse TEXT ON PAGE 2 WASHINGTON Plunging into a mass of state business before resuming his traveling campaign for reelection President Roosevelt sought to clear his white house desk Wednesday after an address Tues day night in which he repudiated the support of any alien Both the president and his aides took time first to note the reaction to his speech at Syracuse before the New York state democratic conven tion in which he declared commun ism a false asserted the re publican leadership was employing smooth evasion on social security taxation and other issues and stirred speculation in political quar ters by his mention of Alfred E Smith Plan Pittsburgh Speech Arriving here in midmorning Mr Roosevelt drove to the white house in a drizzling rain High on his program were conferences deal ing with a southeastern public and private power the Peru Ecuador boundary question and a meeting with his newly appointed maritime commission He planned to entrain Wednesday night for a Pittsburgh speech Thursday night Addressing an uproarious demo craticstate convention Tuesday night atSyracuse the president drew repeated applause as speak ing of communism he urged a prompt burial of that false issue and assailed past andpresent re publican commands for lack of purpose in striving to meet social J Arranges for Conferences Before takingto the road on his campaign special again Wednesday night for a second at Pittsburgh Thursday evening he ar ranged a series of Washington con ferences that were to take up his first full day in the national capital in 10 days As chairman of the PeruEcuador boundary commission he called an early initial meeting of that group at the white house He planned to meet for the first time tis new mari time commission and later in the day to confer with public and pri vate power interests in an effort to form a southeastern power pool for mutual utilizing of power and transmission lines in TV A territory looking to low cost electricity Enters With Confidence Mr Roosevelts speech in the packed Syracuse armory Tuesday night was given a warm reception from the very start when he de clared his entrance into the cam paign with confidence on through to the end when he asserted the true conservative seeks to protect the system of private property and free enterprise by correcting such injustices and inequalities as arise from He did not mention the republican presidential and vice presidential nominees by name but said the real actual undercover republican leadership is the same as it was four years He asserted it would never comprehend the need for a program of social justice and of regard for the well being of the masses ofour Franc Devaluation Is Accomplished Senate Attacks Social Acts PARIS The French senate acknowledging devaluation of the franc as virtually accomplished launched a barrage of criticism Wednesday against inclusion of so cial measures in the financial pro posal Abel Gardey reporter for the fi nance committee of the upper cham ber told the members there was no question of rejecting Premier Leon Blums suggestion to align the franc with the British pound and the United States dollar The governments pricefixing clause should be divorced from the monetary bill pending careful study during the transition period lowan Admits Check Forging in 6 Cities AMES W J Cure police chief said that Lloyd Barton 19 Luther had confessed to check for geries in six Iowa cities when ar rested on a check charge here Cure aaid Barton admitted cashing forg ed checks at Des Moines Boone At lantic Council Bluffs Ottumwa and Oskaloosa POLITICS GRAPH OF INTEREST IS SHOWING GAINS Sparring Over as Drives Get Into Full Swing in Nation CANDIDATES AND ISSUES By The Associated Press resident Roosevelt returns from Syracuse N where he made a speech declaring communism a false issue and red herring in the campaign TOPEKA o v e r n o r Landon works on forthcoming speeches says recent Roosevelt civil service order was not a real step toward a merit system Frank Knox to speaK here Wednesday night calls Ohio real fighting G Wi nant says republicans would sub stitute dependency dole for in surance system of social security LEXINGTON Chairman John D M Hamilton urges support for Landon to pre serve the American form of gov TERRE Browd er arrested by police chief who bans his scheduled speech there ment began to soar Wednesday as the contenders summoned up all their energies for the strenuous Oc tober days just With less than five weeks to go before the election Nov 3 speeches statements and arguments multi plied The preliminary sparring was over the earnest fighting had com menced Conflict over such topics as com munism social security and civil service drew the attention of the with clashes on many other subjects sure to follow Returns to Washington President Roosevelt came back to Washington from Syracuse N he said opponents were em ploying a red herring and a false issue when they charged that communists supported him In Topeka Governor Lan don set aside Wednesday for more work on speeches he will deliver on a forthcoming tour of lake states Tuesday night Mr Landon aimec criticism at a recent presidential or der governing the selection of up per class postmasters Not Eeal Step The presidents recent civil ser vice order proved not to be a rea step in the direction of a merit sys tern but its effect was to freeze the tenure of present he told reporters Landons running mate Col Frank Knox carried his campaign into Ohio which he described as real fighting He will speak at Cincinnati Wednesday j night I While the nominees thus were ac tive democrats criticized the Lan don stand on social security and re publicans struck at president Roose velt on the ground he is supported by radicals Claims Glaring Misstaternents John G Winant former chairman of the social security board accused the republican leadership of seek ing to substitute a dependency dole for an insurance system Sen ator LaPollette proWis declared there were glaring missattements in Landons recent criticism of the new deal act Republican Chairman John D M Hamilton said Earl RUFFING YANKS INFIELD BLOW UP IN RAINJNEIGHTH Hubbell Holds American League Champs to 7 Scattered Hits in Wet Polo Grounds Setting SCORE BY INNINGS I 23 456 R H E Giants 0000111100 0 D Play by Play Report on Page 9 POLO GROUNDS New York Red Ruffing and the Yankee infield blew up inthe rain with a resounding roar in the eighth inning Wednes day giving the Giants and Carl Hubbell an easy 6 to 1 victory in the miserably wet setting of the opening game of Manhattans world series O w com munist presidential nominee was throwing his strength to Mr Roose velt while Robert H Lucas of Ken tucky assailed the democratic ad ministration as socialistic and un Submits to Arrest Meantime Browder after tele graphing President Roosevelt of a police threat to ban his speech at Terre Haute submitted quietly to arrest there by a police chief who said he would not allow Browder to speak I consider it a duty to inform you of this in your capacity as chief executive although when Tampa meeting was illegally pre your administration took no action and spoke no word to restrainthose rising manifesta tions of Browder wired the president Report Hits Age Pension Setup Plan TOPEKA Alf M Landon made public Wednesday a stcial security study which said oW ageinsurance taxes of the new deal law would fall almost entirely oil the earners of the This the republican presidential nominee told reporters was made by the twentieth century fund supported by the Filene foun dation It is part of a general study of the social security act A study of the Townsend plan was published by it last July Although this report was com pleted in April or May it has been held Experts in Field Landon added that the men who made the study were experts in the field The candidate spoke on social se curity in Milwaukee Saturday terming the present law wastefully financed stupidly drafted and a cruel hoax on the working man in its compulsory old age insurance provisions He urged a payasyougo plan for paying pensions to the aged with funds raised through widely distributed direct taxes Claims Policy Unsound The search report distributed by Landon said of the existing law The attempt to finance these contributors pensions exclusively by means of flat payroll and wage taxes is unsound In view of the fact that the standard of living of the low income groups should not be further lowered it is essential that these new costs be financed out of taxes based on the principle of ca pacity to pay Why should not the needs of or dinary government and of social se curity be recognized as a gross cost and the tax system adjusted to meet the total burden as a regular cost of government Reserve Fund Unnecessary To do this new sources would have to be found and these might be taxes on payrolls and wages as pro vided under the social security act or sales taxes of various kinds or an increase in direct taxation on in comes through a strengthening of the income tax or what is more likely a combination of several forms of The report said a reserve fund which the act woulc accumulate was unnecessary and could hardly hope to survive legis lative Holding that the failure of most families to provide for old age is not due to improvidence but to pov erty the study said They legislators blithely legis lated on the assumption that mor savings in justice should and coult be made and they were ignorant of or indifferent to the fact that per sons already too poor to save wil be made still poorer ao that they obtain security in old They decreed that the price of this securityat 65 shouldbe the sacrifice of comfort and even health and decency in earlier Sentenced for Murder MANKATO UP Rav Boone 31 Kansas City Negro was sentenced to not less than five or more than 15 years in a state pena institution when he pleaded guilty to killing George Trice Marshall Iowa Negro here Aug 3 Despite overcast skies and chilly atmosphere close to fans fathered for the opening game of ie New York baseball civil war This was at least short of the olo grounds capacity but the wea ker failed to put a damper on en thusiasm over the first allNew York series since 1923 17 Straight for Hubbell NEW YORK A AB K H TO A Croselti ii KoUe 3b 3 III Magirlo cl 4 Laizcrl Sb 3 Selkirk rt 4 Buffing l TOTALS NEW 10BK X Alooro 5 Barlcll 4 Terry Ott rt Ripple t Mancmo c 3 Vlhilchuid jHCkBQJl 4 Hubbell p i TOTALS n Krron Hubbell Crouttl Dickey mm batted in Selkirk BarMll White in two Powell Ott Crosettl homeroiu Selkirk Birtell llctti Blpple 1 Knife double plays White head and Terry left on banes New York 1 New 1ork 7 on balli Rnfflne 4 Mnbbell 1 itrikcouti Hub bell 8 Kaftlnt by pitcher by Hob bell umplrei Pfirman Geltel Magcrkurtb and Summers time Roosevelt and Knox to Speak Few Blocks Apart at Pittsburgh PITTSBURGH JP President Franklin D Roosevelt and Col Frank Knox will be rival speakers in Pittsburgh Thursday night They will appear on platforms only a few blocks apart The president coming here from Elkins W where hewill at tend the forest festival is scheduled to begin hij address at 8 p m C S T at field Colonel Knox the republican candidate for vice president is to give his address at p m C S T in Duquesne Garden At p m C S T former Al Smith will speak over a radio network from New Havner Is Sued for for Income Taxes and Interest DES MOINES United States government Wednesday filed suit against Horace M Havnerv Des Moines attorney for it claims due onincome taxes interest and Deputy United Stater Marshall Jack Pitts served notice of the on Mrs Havner because he said he was unable to contact her hus band Havner a former attorney general of Iowa ipeclal prose cutor in the Woodbury county graft grand jury at Sioux City last yearl Union Supoprt DES MOINES JP Carl Keul Des Moinea and Labor as sembly president Wednesday 500 of meeting here as san league pledged support of organization I campaign for reelectlo ;