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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 29, 1952, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited for tiw MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THt NEWS FAPIR THAT MAKfS ALLNORTH IOWANS NE I G H I O R S HOME EDITION VOL LVIII Associated Pteu Uuitwl Full Wires Seven Ctnli Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 1952 Thin iapcr Consists ot Two One No 304 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor A Free Press Is for You my way of thinking the one most important thing that can possibly come out of this years observance of National Newspaper Week Oct 1 to 8 will be a re emphasizing upon the public con science and consciousness these four allimportant facts 1 Freedom of the press 3s in truth based on the PUBLICS RIGHT TO KNOW 2 reedom of the Press is the fountainhead c all other freedoms 3 Freedom of the Press belongs tyou and your neighbors it isrij in any sense the exclusive property of newspapers 4 sedom to KNOW would be a more accurate term than Free dcmi of the PRESS National Newspaper Week justi fies itself in the degree that in its observance this universal stake in preserving Freedom of the Press is driven home to the American public You as a reader and I as an editor are partners in this vastly important undertaking I owe my accountability to you and the read ing public in my exercise of that freedom vouchsafed for all time in thisstraight from V the shoulder pledge in the Bill of Rights Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech or of the press Thanks to Tom Jvfftrson For this guarantee the American public today has Thomas Jefferson more than anybody else to thank He pushed the amendment through over the opposition of his able ad versary Alexander Hamilton who while not opposed to a free press felt it was unnecessary to adopt a specific guarantee on the subject Like the precious privilege of going to the pollstoo many Amer icans take a free press fot granted They dont exercise their right of suffrage and they yawn when you suggest happened to the press in other countries COULD happen here l The distressing fact is that few Americans asidefrom those of us in the newspaper business ever seem to get exercised about free dom of the press Thats because weve got it and have always had it Its like fresh air and pure water So far as we know nobody ever tried to make us do without it Than But there have been times when men died for the right to say what they think in print There have been innumerable efforts to silence the press in the interests of people with an ax to grind And they havent all been in Germany Italy Russia or Argentina One of the most important and dramatic victories for the ideal of a free press was achieved in colonial America It involved a hitherto obscure printer by the name of Peter Zenger National Newspaper Week is an appropriate time to call up this lustrous page out of early American history Zenger put both his business and his neck in jeopardy by printing what he regarded to be the truth about Gov William Cosby He was arrested for seditious libel in 1734 After nine months in jail he was placed on trial His attorney was ilton of Philadelphia a friend of Benjamin Franklin The trial court following the rules then being applied by Eng lish judges decided that Zenger could not introduce evidence to prove the truth of the statements he had published against the gov ernor The ruling was that the jury could find that Zenger printed and published those papers and leave it to the court to judge whether they were libelous Ztngtr A Proud Name In a powerful address to the jury Hamilton attacked both of those rulings He urged the jurors to de cide for themselves whether Zen gcrs printed statements were true Whether they were libelous should he insisted rest on whether they were true or false To the unrestrained joy of the spectators and the obvious pain of both the judge and the governor the jury acquitted Peter Zenger This case established the freedom of press principle in the colonies and became the foundation for that Bill ot Rights amendment to which I have already referred Not until some 60 years later was freedom the press vouch safed for citizens of the mother country Indeed to this very day its a freedom so much hedged in and restricted by tricky legalistrs that every important British ncws CONTINUEa ON PAGE 2 MARGARET GIVES DAD A man pins a StevensonSparkman campaign button on the lapel of her father at Fort Wayne Ind after someone in the crowd handed it to her President Truman is current ly on a whistlestop tour of the country 1st Death jn HamptonMan Killed on Anniversary of Accident By THEASSOCIATED PRESS Monday marked the 47th anniversary of Iowas first motor vehicle fatality and the occasion was marked by a tragic coincidence Iowas first highway victim was F A Harriman a Hampton attorney He was killed Sept 29 1905 whenhiscarv struck a bridge And early Monday another Hampton resident Evan Eugene PritchardylS was killed His car also hit abridge South of Hampton The Harriman accident 47 years ago occurred south of Hampton on what Highway 65 at a time when there were only 799 cars reg istered in the slate Since then at least 14000 have died in Iowahigh way mishaps Mondays Pritchard fatality oc curred south Des Moines on Highway GO Authorities said Pritchard may have gone to sleep at the wheel His car was demol ished Other Fatalities Pritchards fatal accident was one of four reported in Iowa over the weekend Other victims in cluded Roy Gienapp 27 Lament Paul Godwin 22 Panora Gerald Kuhlman 13 Woodbine Black Reynolds to Start Series NEW YORK Joe Black and New Yorks Allie nplds will be the opening game Jitchers in the 1952 World Series I was officially announced Mon day The series starts Wednesday at Ebbets Field Brooklyn Child 2 Dies Run Over by Uncles Gar Dixie Lee 2 daughter of Mr and Mrs Donald Walls Routes died at a Mason City hospital Monday morning a short time after she had been run over by her uncles car The accident occurred at the Walls farm iiear Rockwell The child was sitting in front of the car and was unnoticed as Ralph Walls started to drive away The child was born Aug 20 1950 in Mason City Surviving are the parents one brother Richard Alan at home grandparents Mr and Mrs Paul Matzen Greenfield Mo and Mr and Mrs I L Walls Clear Lake and the great grandmother Mrs Andrew Malzen Mason City arrangements are in complete The Major Funeral Home is in charge HUNTING ACCIDENT MARSHALLTOWN Gerald Abernathy 10yearold farm youth was reported in good condition at hospital here Sunday night after osing his leg in a hunting accident on his steifathers farm near Marshalllown Saturday SAME IBJjck flat menu traffic deilh In 21 hours Truman Says Ike Is Fronting for Unholy Crew of GOP General to Make Finances Public Thus Takes Challenge by Stevenson NEW YORK MVGeii Dwighl D Eisenhowers headquarters an nounced Monday that he will make public his entire financial situa tion The Republican presidential can didale thus accepted an implied challenge from Gov Adlai B Ste venson the Democratic presiden tial nominee to bare the status of his finances Stevenson made public Sunday his income and tax payments for the last 10 years Financial Statement A spokesman at Eisenhowers headquarters said he did not know at this point whether the general would report his tax returns for each year or whether it would be a general financial statement The headquarters announcement gave no indication of exactly when the statement would be released A spokesman said he did not ex pect it before the generals de parture Tuesday for a speaking en gagement at Columbia SC Stevenson disclosed Sunday night that his income over the last 10 years was a half million dollars And he paid Uncle Sain more than of it in taxes There seems no doubt at Eisen hower regional headquarters that the general hasearned Jnore than Stevensons reported in come in the same period but had paid much less in taxes Political Play The Democrats endaround po itical play appeared to have caught the Eisenhower advisers wondering how they could explain satisfactorily a ruling by the Bu reau of Internal Revenue The bu reau had made a ruling permitting Eisenhower to keep threefourths of the income he received from his book Crusade in Europe This to others in lome like the general to pay only 25 per cent tax nslead of the higher income rate jecausc he was held to be operal ng outside his usual field of ac ivitics when he furnished the in ormation for the published vol ime Stevensons disclosure was a ipectacular followthrough to the saring 24 hours earlier of the fi nancial operations through which Stevenson made gifts to supple nent the pay of eight lop Illinois stale officials Over the 10 through fees and salaries ram a variety of jobs amounted Lo less than onefifth of his total ncome Most of the income came rom dividends on slock in corpora tions but there was some too rom farms rentals oil leases and the slock markets WINS BATTLEShowman Billy Rote won hit latest battle with his estranged wife Eleanor Holm over the custody of their house in New York Rose entered the house through the basement had the locks changed and then wouldnt let Eleanor enter Police Called to Keep1 Order After Strike Incidents ROCK ISLAND III lice reinforcements were called Monday in connection with inci dents at the Farmall Works of International Harvester Com pany in Rode Island No arrests were reported A Harvester spokesman said members of the striking United Electrical Workers Union were Resorting fo intimidation in an attempt to slow upfor break up a returntowork movement which is gaining momentum A spokesman for theindepen dent onior said about 100 non srrikers sot into rhe Rock Island plant The company put the fig ure ar 356 and said it planned to reopen its assembly line The plant normally employs about 5000 Authorities said from 1000 to 1500 strikers gathered near the plants main entrance and near its office building Flareups were reported to have occurred when it was found someemployes were entering the main plant from an office building tunnel Polio Death Toll Now Stands at 126 IOWA CITY Two new polio Icalhs were reported Monday by University Hospitals Carolyn bingrnan 0 grand laugblcr of Mrs Harry Sisco of Oskaloosa died Saturday aftcr loon Bernard Heitzmuii 32 Lone Tree died Sunday night Ilcitz nans wife Betty is also in Uni versity Hospitals with polio She is n serious condition The two deaths brought Iowas J9S2iolio loll to 326 Its Legal Lieutenant WlTIllST MARINE Am WING Korea new Marine secondlieutenant was on his first mission over North Korea when the enemys antiaircraft fire burst about him in black puffs Hey skipper he cried over the radio lo Lt Col Barrel D Invin of Duluth Minn Theyre shooting nt us Thnls all right Invln said calmly Theyre allowed lo Send 750 Plane Armada Against Allies 1 t SEOUL Korea IP Rampaging American Sabre jets knocked clown two Communist M1G15 jet fighters Monday and damaged two more in a force of 150 which tried desper ately to halt allied fighterbomber strikes in Northwest Ko ren Mondays air victories brought the Sabres Septembei toll to GO MIGs destroyed eh probably destroyed and 55 damaged On the Ground On the ground Red commnnders threw veteran troops and tanks into savfigo assaults nt UN posi lions along a 10mile front Suiulny night and early Monday The backed their attacks with thunder ous artillery and mortar barrages Although 150 MIGs were in the uir over NorthKorea tho Allied claims came in thrcc ot 12 fights between 27 Sabres and 32 MIGs The heaviest MIG opposition came when UN fighterbombers attacked a Communist gold mine 10 miles north of Pukchiu UN officers estimated some ltXX Chinese Reds were involved in th attacks on UN ground positions Bear Brunt South Korean troops of the Capi tol Division bore the brunt of th eastcentral front attacks bu hurled back the Communlslswilh mortars artillery and machini guns from positions on Capitol Ilil and Finger Ridge Mundt Raps Carlson Trip WASHINGTON Wi A fuimei worlds champion coin buskers 1ovcrninentsponsored trip to show Western European farmers How to speed up their harvesting was call ed a complete waste of taxpay ers money by Sen Karl Mundt The trip was taken by Elmer C Carlson president of the Carlson fybrid Corn Company of Audu jon la nt the request of the Mu uul Security Agency The South Dakota Republican said Sunday all Western Europe accordingto the government office of foreign agricultural relations only 202288 bushels of corn n 1951 Jess than is grown on a ialfdozen Iowa farms Carlsons trip seems to be a typical Fair Deal junket he added Tho svorJds corn husking record of 72 cars a minute was made by Carlson in 1935 The record stood four years His Audubon home reported Sun day he is in Milan Italy Storjr nd Picture on Page 13 AUCTION ATTRACTS of two Mason City banks were still counting auction money Monday to try to decide who if anyone bought theelectncrefrigerator sold at the Retail Merchants Auction baturday afternoon The auction attracted more than 5000 persons it was estimated Top bidders for the refrigerator were Edwin Bowers 1144 Maple Drive Alfred Peasley 1025 Filmore NW 000 and Mrs Roy HennigarRoute 145000 But none of the three had as much money as was bid clerks of the sale said Since the refrig pliofo by Muster erator was the last item in the sale and the money was valueless for any other purpose the crowd threw money at the three bidders until none knew how much he had A dinette set for was the second high est item It went to Jordon Kirchoff 1618 Pennsylvania NE An arm chair was sold to Donna Topliff 31 Oak Drive for The money all came from Mason Citys retail merchants who issued auction money to their customers in amount equal to their purchases during a specified period Items other than an electric roaster totaled Vital Aircraft Work Resumes at 2 Factories LOS ANGELES Calif UP Vital military aircraft production was resumed Monday ut two South era California ptnuls after ncarlj 10000 striking workers agreed It go back on the Job while eontrac negotiations continue in Washing ton President Trunyms urgent ap peal for a truce in the stalematct dispute brought quickre suits from the AFL International Asspciatioi of an Douglas Aircraft companies TheJIAM and Douglas were th first to reach agreement Sunday sending 13000 El Segiindo Calif plant employes back1 to work pro ducing Navy and Marine fightc planes A few hours later a truce wa reached in the Lockheed walkou and Ihe first of 25000 employe began reporting at midnight at thj companys Burbank plant Production most seriously affect cd by the strike had been that o the Air Forces newest jet inter ccptor fighter the Starfirc which is made by Lockheed Negotiations on the contracts re sume in Washington Oct i for Douglas and on Oct 9 for Lock Heed High School Grid Player Turns Out to Be 22 War Yet COUNCIL 13LUFFS young narricd high school football play er who told of being a Purple fcart veteran of the Korean fighl ng was being held here for invcs igation Monday The youth who identified him self as James Rchms 22 Ilapid Cily SDSunday told this story He came to Council Bluffs about a week ago from Rapid City and enrolled at Thomas Jefferson High School to take a printing course Ie registered in school under the name of Bud llinman and gave hi igc as 17 Around school Ihe husky good ooking athlete was popular and wasted of his prowess as a foot jail player He joined the team to prove it and turned out to be good Police shattered his dream when hey found him Irying to sell some ireson a busy street Police quot ed him as saying he was a twicc voundcd ighling learl veteran of the Korean and held the Purple All About rwi The Weather Mason Cify Continued fair Mon day afternoon through Tuesday night owa Continued fair Monday night and Tuesday MfnnetoU Mostly fair Monday night and Tuesday Somewhat warmer Tuesday GlobeGazette weather data up to HSTSays Hell Tear Em Apart Begins Big Tour of Whistie Stops ABOARD TRUMAN TRAIN President Truman opened his big whistle slop campaign Monday with a slashing attackon lioly crew of Republican lobby ists for whom he said Gen Dwighft D Eisenhower Is man lie said ho was glad the oil Ihina real estates and other lob bies are in the Republican Par ty and I to tear era apart before I get through Truman told cheering thousands at Fnrgo ND the GOP presi dential nominee seems to be listening to some strange advice on foreign policy and ter hcstiulc before voting Rcpubji lican if they want to avoid a third world V t Pint Stop Fnrgo was the Presidents first stop on a swing through Republi can North where vsotera have given margins to GOP presi dential candidates since 1936 Aboard the Truman1 train was slaters senior senator William Langcr a Republican has often voted yith Democrats He5 heads the state partys fNonPartti san League faction some elements of1 which thave been wanting to formally I link Jup with theDemdi crats iv JA 1 VJ fr The Ptesidenttackpl thelssu of corruption in fgovernmehtin his first 1 ofm al whisUe of ah 8500 n fi tf l ttnAM It L t 1 v Ji t f getting wrong r itjmnsttfiitnrt D of Re has been doers over Ihe publicans In hismostsavage attack yet on Eisenhower Truman retorted to Eisenhowers cortuptioningoverii ment charges by accusing him of using that issue as a political football at tho direction of the privateinterests 5000 Crowd The Fargo crowd was estimated by police at around 5000 Earlier Truman spoke to 600 persons at Breckenridge in clear view of Like Ike signi erected Sunday night Het scribed Democratic Nominee ai Stevenson mostpromSy sing had in i generation witha background lomparabieto Franklin D Roose veils Truman again attacked what he called the one partypress which ie said was never for him He aid if Ihe big newspapers ever got on his side Id know I vrong Other am Monday Maximum Minimum At 8 am 85 41 57 whistle stop talks were down for Grand Forks Larrimore Dakota Devils Lake Minot Ber hold Stanley Tioga Williston in Dakota and Wolfe Point Mont He said Eisenhower has swat owed the propaganda of the spe interests hook line and sink er He may not know it Truman aid of Eisenhower but he has become a front man for the lob bies Advance Agents They are sending him arouni he country with advance agents o put Up bill boards and balloons nd pass out the confetti They lave plenty of money to put hese things The Wall Street bank rs are just pouring it out Truman said Eisenhower admits es trying to win the election by appealing to the iwoples emr ions not to their intellects Thats why you wont find any hing in most of his speeches ex cpt slogansgeneralities and scare rords the President said i I think its insulting to the merican people to tell them they take up their minds according to heir emotions and not on the basis f the great issues that are before icm Above all let me ask you Do you want to avoid a third world war Then youd better look out The Republican party seems to bei listening to some strange advice sofar as foreign policy ccrncd ;