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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 28, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Truman Will Lose Many FDR Voters By ARCHIBALD M CROSSLEY Director The Crossley Poll In the eastern and central states President Truman apparently has lost to Governor Dewey and to others onethird of the Roosevelt voters who are likely to vote this November By contrast Dewey will yield to Truman and to others only 3 of his 1944 voters who will go to the polls in November This sharing of Roosevelts vot ers of course does not represent all of Trumans democratic loss as considerably more Roosevelt voters are likely to stay at home this year than previous Dewey voters Voters in 1944 in the eastern and middlewestern states are ex pected to divide their vote this year as follows 1944 Roosevelt Voters Truman 65 Dewey 28 Wallace and Others 7 1944 Dewey Voters Truman 2 Dewey 97 Wallace and Others 1 In 1944 the total vote was rela tively light being only 48 millions as against nearly 50 millions in 1940 and an anticipated 56 mil lions this year The Truman Barkley ticket might normally be expected to gain materially from those who did not vote in 1944 since they include men and wom en who have recently achieved voting age and a considerable proportion of the war veterans along with others who were un able to vote or disinterested How ever among the nonvoters in 1944 who intend to vote this year the DeweyWarren ticket has a definite lead Tru Wallace and The tide toward a republican president turned after 1936 in which year Roosevelt achieved 622 of the 2party popular vote for president By 1940 his percent age had dropped to and by 1944 to The CROSSLEY POLL in 1944 showed that Dewey was holding a high percentage of former Willkie voters and shift ing voters from Roosevelt The following table shows that Truman will yield relatively more of the Roosevelt voters among the younger groups and in the upper income levels He will yield 31 of the Roosevelt union members voting today 36 of the Roosevelt metropolitan district vote but 31 of those on farms and only 19 of northern Ne groes Associated Preat and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 28 1S48 This Paper Consists of Two One No SOS HOW TYPES OF 1044 VOTERS ARE LIKELY TO VOTE IN NOVEMBER Will Will Hold Will Hold Will 1 From Yield From Yield Dem to Rep to IJMl Others iMl Others Men fift m 3 Women H8 Aged 2129 0 41 r 3044 W HO IO 4 45 Jt over l7 33 i Upper income level nft II lift I Middle Income level fil HW UK i Lower income level 70 30 5 Union members Gt ll Xfl 11 CUy metropol itan districts 01 30 M 4 Farms Ml lr 5 Negroes 81 1 83 17 Copyright 1048 Crosslcy Incorporated Permission to reproduce in full is hereby granted to subscribing newspapers Harvester Union Meets to Discuss More Grievances East Molinc 111 ex ecutive board of the CIO United Farm Equipment Workers which ended a 9week strike against the International Harvester Co just 8 days ago meets Tuesday night to discuss new grievances Arvid Sheets president of the local charged that the company suspended some union officers and barred them from the plant in violation of the contract Woman Killed as Auto Overturns Harris woman was fat ally injured and her husband was hurt Monday in an auto accident 4J miles north of hero Mrs Will Cook Jr 27 of Chi cago died in an ambulance on the way to the hospital Her hus band was hospitalized at Worth Ingtpn Minn Highway Patrolman Lou Dean of Arnolds Park and Osceola County Sheriff Emory Stage said the car struck some loose gravel on the road between Harris and Roundlake Minn The car skidded and overturned the officers said France in Appeal to UN to End Blockade AP Wlrephoto GENDARMES HALT PARIS VETERANS PARADE Helmetcarrying Paris police mass to halt a parade of French war veterans when the veterans tried to converge on the ministry of finance to protest against the increasing cost of living Flags carried are those of the various veterans and widows organizations DATE k traffic IK 81 henri Says Russia Suppresses Human Rights Paris Franklin D Roosevelt charged Russia Tues day night with ruthless suppres sion of human rights at home and interference in other countries affairs TShe urged the United Nations not to compromise with the soviet bloc on the issue of human free dom which she termed the basic problem confronting the world to day Her address prepared for de livery at the Sorbonne was an out spoken attack on soviet style democracy We are fighting this battle again today as it vas fought at the time of the French revolution and at the time of the American revolution she said The issue of human liberty is as decisive now as it was then Mrs Roose velt is the American represent ative on the U N human rights commission whose proposed in ternational declaration of human rights is due for consideration soon by the general assembly Spaak Lashes Out at Russia Accuses Soviet of 5th Column Activity Paris Minister Paul Henri Spaak of Belgiumac cused Russia Tuesday of main taining 5th columns in all western countries which made Adolf Hit lers 5th columns look like a boy scout organization Spaak served notice that the western world would fend off any oppression by communism as it fought the Nazi attempt to impose on it another type of totalitari anism We believe communism is a system the western world can avoid Spaak said during general debate at the United Nations gen eral assembly We do not propose to submit ourselves to it Thus the Belgian delegate join ed the parade of western spokes men before the U N who in the assembly session now entering its 2nd week have lashed out at the Soviet Union Spaak first president of the U N when hopes lor its success ran high received a full minute of sustained applause when he de scended from the rostrum Experiment With Gun Gets Laughs at Rath Riot Trial Waterloo An experiment in which a witness wound up pointing a gun at the judge brought laughter at the Wilbert Warren riot conspiracy trial Tuesday Mrs Leo Guynn wife of the president of the Waterloo CIO Packinghouse Workers local had testified she witnessed Farrells death the night of the Rath pack ing plant riot last May 19 Rob erts has been charged with man slaughter in the slaying Farrell was one of the men on strike against Raths Mrs Guynn told the jury she saw no one shaking or lifting Roberts car and that she heard no one shout Kill the jig Roberts a nonstriking Rath worker testified previously that he shot into the air to scare off a crowd which he said was lifting his car and shouting Kill the jig at the Rath main gate Rob erts was driving to work at the time Defense Attorney C I McNutt had Mrs Guynn place a chair in the position of the car and dem onstrate how Farrells shooting occurred Assistant Prosecutor Robert Buckmaster then handed her the gun and asked her to show how Roberts waved it and shot Mrs Guynn demonstrated and at the end the gun was pointing directly at District Judge Shan non B Charlton The jurist and spectators joined in the laughter Steven Twito 5 in Good Condition After Being Hit by Auto Steven Twito 5 226 7th N E was reported good condition at Park hospital Tuesday afternoon after he was hit by an auto near Lincoln school about a m The youngster was suffering from a siight brain concussion and abrasions of the face a physician reported Police said he was apparently running out from between 2 cars on the east side of Lincoln school where he is a kindergarten pupil when struck by a car going south on Pennsylvania N E by Hoyt Carrier 214 Virginia S E Car rier took the youth to the hos pital Two more operations are sched uled for Pamela Dewey Says Election Would Mean No Retreat in Berlin By JACK BELL Enroute With Dewey to Spo kane Wash plain warn ing to Russia that his election would mean no retreat in the American stand on the Berlin blockade was sounded Tuesday by Gov Thomas E Dewey The GOP presidential nominee turned eastward toward a major speech in the Montana State uni versity stadium at Missoula Tues day night On his way with stops scheduled at Spokane and Para dise he pounded away on the theme that his aim is the strengthening of our country of bringing to it a new unity and adopting a competence in foreign policy that it does not have He said bluntly Monday that it would be wise for all of the rulers of the world to know that the American people close their ranks quickly after elections Crisis Unites Dewey added that a crisis al ways unites this country In furtherance of this theme Paul Lockwood the governors secretary said that in Missoula Tuesday night Dewey will talk about the great resources of the west and their significance as a bulwark to Americas defense and to the cause of world peace In Seattle Monday night the New York governor told an esti mated 8000 persons who crowded their way into the Civic audito rium that America must be strong and powerful in a nervous world In what his aides said they re garded as a direct appeal to the Russian people over the heads of their own government in the Ber lin crisis Dewey said Peace Desired Whatever some leaders may do I am convinced that the peo ples of all nations desire peace My most devoted purpose is to spread this conviction among gov ernments through the influence and example of our own unity and desire for peace As the crowd cheered Dewey said that it is of fundamental importance that the leaders of other nations understand that if he is elected this country will have a vastly more formidable power when we get a vigorous more forward looking foreign policy There was no doubt on the part of his hearers that Dewey was referring directly to the Berlin blockade crisis which has been taken to the United Nations secur ity council by the United States Great Britain and France He has approved that action Expedition Finds Record Left by Perry Washington A United States expedition to the Arctic last summer found records left there about 43 years ago by Comdr Robert E Peary discoverer of the north pole This was disclosed Tuesday by government officials who said the papers were in a bottle They de clined to say exactly where the records were found but indicated it was on Cape Sheridan about 450 miles from the north pole Peary made several trips to the Arctic finally reaching the pole in 1909 Presumably the papers found by the navycoast guard expedi tion were left by Peary on a trip in 1905 and 1906 The content of the Peary records was not disclosed Evidently he had left them to show he had been in the area The main purpose of the task force was to supply 4 weather sta tions in the area and to scout sites for additional stations to be established next year Jury Drawn in Murder Trial Burns Case Opens in Floyd District Court Charles jury drawn in Floyd county district court here Wednesday was prepared to hear the case of the state against Orin Lee Burns 25 Hampton charged with the murder of Charles Gal lup 60 Nora Springs farmer The jury consisting of 10 men and 2 women and a man as al ternate juror is as follows Mrs Deiores Bartman Charles City Barney B Blunt Charles City Vernon Draeger Rockford Clarence Eliason Greene John Ewaki Marble Rock William Huse Rudd Mrs Marie Miller Charles City John Ochs Charles City Robert Pecht Rockford Leo Ross Bassett Walter Willert Rockford and Earl Winn Charlei City Frank Kapka Charles City is alternate Six prospective jurors were challenged for cause and excused when they stated they had formed opinions which could not be changed Those excused were L A Jensen Floyd Mrs Pearl Car roll and Mrs Cecil Webster both of Charles City Mrs I W Edie Rudd lone Dailey Nora Springs and Mrs Ivy Peterson Charle City Judge Tom Boynton of Foresl City is presiding at the trial This is the first murder tria in Floyd county in 25 years It to be followed by the trial of other young men who were wit Burns on the night of July 18 when Gallup was killed after an altercation with the party whicl drove into his driveway at thi edge of Nora Springs The state is represented fr County Attorney Weston E Jone and Boyd G Hayes of Charle City and counsel for the defend ant is James Coonley of Hampto Blast West For Collapse of Parleys Soviet Singles Out Gen Clay as Main Propaganda Target Berlin propaganda n Berlin attempted Wednesday to Din responsibility for the collapse of Moscow and Berlin negotiations on the western powers American Military Governor en Lucius D Clay was the chief target Neues Deutschland communist Darty organ claimed the negotia tions were a success and that nor mal conditions could have re urned to Berlin within 8 days Drop Proposals But at the last moment Neues Deutschland said the western powers dropped their own propo sals and all other agreements and decided to bring the socalled Ber in question before the United Na ions That means the western pow ers will continue their terror blockade against inhabitants of the west sectors of Berlin Accuse Clay The sovietlicensed news agen cy ADN accused Clay of engi neering the collapse of the confer ence of military governors in Berlin It said the 3 western comman ders did not want to submit a report mutually agreed upon to the 4 occupation governments Under the prompting of Clay ADN said they broke up nego tiations on Sept 7 Thus it is very clear that Clay is responsible for the breach of Berlin negotiations Favor Less Politics in Government By UNITED PRESS Top Iowa political candidates are in favor of less politics in government Carroll Switzer democratic candidate for governor told Du buque county businessmen at a Dubuque luncheon Monday that Iowa needs a nonpolitical ju diciary if lowans are to have continued confidence in then courts He also said conservation and public health should be out side the political arena Switzers republican opponent William Beardsley said in Des Moines Monday night that the country needs a sound business administration at all levels o government He told the Polk county Republican Womens asso ciation that a GOP victory would help achieve that end U S Senator George A Wil son seeking reelection on the republican ticket advocated payasyougo system of gov ernment finances in a speech at Humboldt Monday night He rec ommended setting aside 10 per cent of all federal income tax col lections for retiring governmen bonds in Warehouse Fire Brings Queries on Explosions Gallatin Tenn telephone callers asked the Galla tin police department the samo question Monday night What all the shooting about The riot squad soon found out A storehouse for the Nationa Speciality company of Nashvilli was on fire The National Speciality com pany sells fire crackers roman candles and skyrockets They val ued the stock at Stole Federal Authorities Fight Over Trial of Robbers Iowa was having a states rights aattle of its own in Mason City Tuesday over whether the 2 Shef field Savings bank robbers will ae tried in state or federal court In Cerro Gordo county jail awaiting the outcome were Ber nard Delbeirt Morgan 26 Hamp ton and Robert Franklin Safford 23 Mason City formerly of Chi cago who have admitted taking at gunpoint from the bank Saturday afternoon They were both arrested Sun day evening by a quartet com posed of Deputy Sheriff Ralph A Jones of Franklin county who re ceived the tip which broke the case State Highway Patrolman Lynn Evans and 2 FBI agents Max Studer agent of the state bureau of criminal investigation also has been involved in the case from the start He was called in by Sheriff Charles W Nolte of Frank lin county immediately after the robbery To Aid State The federal agents have been in communication with the U S dis trict attorneys office concerning the case and Assistant State At torney General Don Hise was on his way to Mason City Tuesday afternoon to aid state authorities in the tug of war to retain juris diction over the men In Des Moines Attorney Gen eral Robert Larson outlined the sates reasons for wanting custody as follows 1 State law provides a life term for bank robbery while federal law does not provide for such a heavy term 2 The first information charg ing the pair with bank robbery was filed by the state in Franklin county Monday and the state at once obtained the first formal custody warrant 3 The holdup was entirely within the state and no state lines were crossed Have Authority FBI agents have authority to intervene in all bank robbery cases since establishment of the federal deposit insurance corpor ation FDIC in the early 1930s The FDIC guarantees individua deposits up to in virtually all banks in the nation whether state or national State authorities had differences with the federal government in Des Moines in 1946 following appre hension of 2 teenage youths who got in the Nov 23 1946 holdup of the HartfordCarlisle Savings bank iitar Des Moines One of the youths Jay Ear Willis 17 was arrested in Des Moines and the other Joe Doyle Banning 19 was arrested at For Worth Texas After conferences prosecution was carried out in federal court Willis was sen tenced to 10 years and Banning to 20 Larson said Tuesday that the state did not wish to risk the pos sibility that Margan and Safforc might get off with light terms 1 BULLET 2 FINGERS Denver Gallardo 21 shot himself in both little fingers with one bullet Monday He dropped a 22 rifle and it dis charged as he brought his hand together Gallardo was released from a hospital after treatment HARLAN J BUSHFIELD Bushfieid Dies From Stroke Senator Mourned by South Dakotans Miller S Dak Da kotans Tuesday mourned U S Senator Harlan J Bushfieid RS who died Monday night of a cerebral stroke Bushfieid a longtime republi can leader in South Dakota and a former governor of the state had been ill for the last 2 years He recovered last week from the latest in a series of strokes but lapsed into unconsciousness Sun day night He was 66 Bushfieid entered politics in the 30s when the new deal was at its peak strength He took the lead ership of the disintegrated repub lican party in South Dakota and under his direction the state be came a GOP stronghold In 1934 he was named state re publican chairman and in 1936 he directed the successful guberna torial campaign of Leslie Jensen Two years later Jensen ran for the senate and Bushfieid was elected governor In 1940 he was reelected and in 1942 he was elected to the U S senate Funeral services will be held here Friday at 2 p m A number of United States senators from nearby states are expected to at tend 5Power Defense Chiefs Set Up Military Plans Paris defense chiefs of the 5power western European alliance announced Tuesday they are setting up elements of a land sea and air command to become part of a permanent organization No details were given The de fense ministers of Britain France Belgimn The Netherlands and Luxembourg held their meeting on joint defense measures in the highest of secrecy at the French foreign ministry offices Soy Ways to Agreement Exhausted Schuman Denies Even Minimum Good Will on Part of Russians Paris appealed to the United Nations Tuesday to end the soviet blockade of Berlin because the 3 westexn powers have exhausted every possibility of direct agreement with the Russians French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman in a policy speech to the general assembly said the United States Britain and France had not found even a minimum of good will in their talks with our Russian partners Schuman spoke as the 3 western nations prepared their appeals to the security council formally cit ing the blockade as a threat to international peace and security A French source said the 3 pow ers vould deliver identical notes to U N SecretaryGeneral Trygve Lie Tuesday afternoon requesting urgent action on their Hints at Surprise A Russian source at U N headquarters meanwhile hinted a soviet surprise when the big 4 dispute is argued in the security council This usually reliable informant said the Russians will be present in the council chamber when Ber lin is discussed and you will see what happens then Schuman who spoke as the United Nations faced the severest test of its turbulent history cham pioned the return of a democratic Germany to the family of nations A renewed Germany must take her place in democratic Europe he said Deprived of self govern ment she must first achieve her own internal reeducation and then take her place with her own special qualities among the Euro pean nations Last Declaration Schuman was the last big 5 leader to make a general polio declaration to the assembly U S Secretary of State Marshall lis tened attentively to the French man but both British Foreign Sec retary Ernest Bevin and Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Y Vishinsky were absent Meanwhile Sir Alexander Ca dogan of Britain September pres ident of the security council said the council will begin the Berlin debate sometime this week He told newsmen the exact date still was undecided but might be Thursday if it could be arranged Cadogan said he believed the Russians would use every possible means including the veto to keep the council from taking a decision on the Berlin question FARM LANDS from heavy rain and drainage from the Everglades in the wake of last Wednesdays hurricane inundate a farm on Conners highway The road is the main link between Canal Joint and West Palm Beach It has been closed be cause of high waters Charge Reds Form Army of Germans Berlin Berlin newspaper charged Tuesday that commun ists of the soviet occupation zone are forming an army of commun istindoctrinated war veterans The socialist organ Telegraf said the army is being formed under the guise of a police force and is being packed with German soldiers returned from Russia Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear and cool Tues day night Partly cloudy and mild Wednesday Low Tuesday night 3840 High Wednesday 75 IqUffa Sunny and pleasant Wed nesday Clear and cool Tuesday night Low Tuesday night 3642 north 4045 south Iowa 5 Day Weather Outlook Temperatures will average one to 3 degrees above normal Nor mal highs are near 72 normal lows near 48 There will be little change in temperature and little precipitation until Saturday It will turn cooler Saturday night and Sunday with a possibility of an average of l10th of an inch of rain Saturday Minnesota Mostly fair with little change in temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 71 Minimum 33 At 8 a m Tuesday 50 YEAR AGO Maximum 57 Minimum 49 I v v ;