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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 28, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF ORY AND ARCH IVE5 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Pr and United Prats Fiv0 Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 28 1944 This Paper Coosliti ol Two NO Historic Sites in Edinburgh Are Described By EABL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 28 Edinburgh Spe cial Army Air the lofty crag where once Mary Queen of Scots once lived and ruler I looked down this morning on historic E d i n burgh reputed to be the most beautiful city in all of Scotland if not indeed the entire Brit ish isles I crossed the moat which in the day of spear and shield was ample de WIDEN WEDCE INTO NIJMEGEN HALL Churchill Nazis May Fight Well Into 1945 fense for this ancient castle atop its great heap of solid rock I ex amined at close range the Mons Meg cannon with a history dat ing back to than a half century before Americas discovery Nearby in the castle court was the Chapel of St Margaret built in 1050 and said to be the oldest structure in all Scotland High up in the castle over looking what in ancient days was aWalled city were thequarters of Mary and the other earlyday moharchs of Scotland From one of its tiny windows the infant James VI of Scotland was lowered by rope and basket to be smuggled out of the castle grounds under siege Later lie was to become James I of the united England and Scotland All about us on the castle grounds were plaques and shafts memorializing the Bruces and the Wallaces for their bravery in1 the defense of the castle under seige From the wall above the moat I looked down on Princess street Edinburghs equivalent of N e w Yorks Fifth avenue Chicagos Michigan boulevard Londons Ox ford street and Paris Champs Elysees Along Princess street lay the Scottish national art galleries and the pretentious monument to Sir Walter Scott with its altudinous spire In the foreground between the castle and Princess street lay a network of railroads and the cen SCORES OF END SOON IN EUROPEAN WAR Cites Possibility of Conflict After German Army Has Been Smashed London Minister Winston Churchill implied Thurs day that Germany may stave off defeat until well into 1945 and said ENORMOUS additional American forces will be thrown into the battle if nazi resistance does not collapse soon Fresh from the Quebec confer ence with President Roosevelt the prime minister reviewed the global military and political sit uation in a 103 minute speech to the House of Commons Churchill said it was essential that Premier Josef Stalin join in an AngloAmerican Russian conference as soon as the military situation permits He added a doubt that satisfactory agreement on world peace organization could be reached before the 3 heads of those governments had met again Emphasizing that he would not it could be no more than a to when the European war will end and de ploring people being carried away into premature expectations of immediate cessation of fight ing Churchillsaid Many pers oris of the highest technical attainment and knowl Miiiion Homes in London Have Been Damaged by Bombs London list of Lon dons bomb damage as given Thursday in the house of comT mons t Houses damaged beyond repair 25511 Houses seriously damaged and not habitable 52277 Houses damaged but habitable 77030 Houses slightly damaged 873 177 Total 1027995 The figures are for flying bomb damage tnl station where our party 2 American congressmen another newspaper editor and had made our early morning ar rival A bit beyond Princess street was the steeple of the church of which Robert Louis Steven son was a member His home now some thing of a shrine is close by Beyond lies theFirth of Forth and its extensive docks Its the river Forth and firth is the Scotch word for estuary or mouth And beyond the Forth in a hazy mist lay the famed Hills of Fife inspiration for many a Scotch poem and setting for many a Scotch legend In the mile square walled city of which the castle is a part the government buildings including a pretentiouspalace reserved for the British royal family on its in frequent visits to Scotland Connecting the castle and the government buildings is an an cient street known as The Royal Mile known Its cobblestones to Mary and to were almost edge and responsibility good hopes thatll will the end of 1944 On the other hand no not can guarantee that several months of 1945 may not be required Churchill made these additional points in his speech interrupted by a 57 minute recess of the house 1 The United States lost more than 145000 men in killed wounded and missing in France Britain upwards of 90000 Ger many nearly 900000 in killed wounded and captured Another 200000 or so Germans are cut off in the coastal areas and their destruction or capture is highly probable 2 The allies now have between 2000000 and 3000000 men in designation apparent ly including the low countries and the strip of conquered Germany The ratio Britons is 3 Americans to 2 every other famed personage in Scotlands rich history For me one of the principal points of history on the Hoyal Mile was the home and the church of John Knox founder of the modern Presbyterianism which incidentally is the state religion of Scotland Before our visit to the castle even before our of oats porridge and sausage half meat half we walked down Prin cess street to an American Red Cross headquarters and greeted a half hundred American soldiers and sailors Most of them were from bases in northern England with only a few stationed In Scotland Every one of them without exception was lonfl in his praises of Scotch hospitality The ancient part of the city is marked by narrow twisting streets in the fashion of London and continental Europe But the new Edinburgh has broad well paved thoroughfares reminiscent of Washington and Paris Except for its shipping Edin burgh is pretty much without war industry This is another way of saying that the city has not been a principal target for nazi bombs There are no physical scars of war All in all this 2nd most import ant center in Scotland ranks among the half dozen most beau tiful cities I have met up with in my meanderings on 3 continents HAD SUFFERED CRAMP Des Moinea A E Shaw reported Wednesday that Sam Peck 25 whose body was re covered from a gravel pit near his home had apparently suffered a cramp while taking a swim Tues day night A comb was clutched in hij hand and his clothing was found piled near the water 3 Nazi desperadoes may fight on fiercely in the forests and mountains of Germany after or ganized resistance ceases 4 Britain America and Russia are most anxious for the emerg ence in France of an entity which could truly be said to speak for the whole French people and it seems possible to transform Gen Charles De Gaulles legisla tive assembly into an elected body step which would make pos sible recognition of the French provisional government 5 The allies should not be hur ried into momentous decisions governing the future of the world and such decisions cannot be tak en finally without closer and more searching discussions The prime minister 2 days after his return from the Quebec con ference sketched the campaign in the west since he last addressed commons then turned to the far east and declared I can assure the house that the war against the Japanese and oth er diseases of the jungle will be pressed forward with the utmost energy He said complete agreement was reached at Quebec where it was decided to make no changes in the chiefs of staff that the Brit ish fleet was offered for major operations against Japan and cordially accepted that a large portion of the British fleet already is in the Indian ocean and that the scale of the British effort against the Japanese would be limited only by available shipping There is a possibility that after the organized resistance of the German state and army is com pletely broken fierce warfare may be maintained in the forests and mountains of Germany by num bers of desperate men conscious of their own guilt and Impending doom Churchill said He added however that he did not consider the declared date of the end of the war must neces sarily be postponed until the last desperado in Germany is tracked down Churchill entered the house at YANKS USE AIR BASE ON PELEUU New Bomber Blows Hit Japs on Mindanao Pearl Harbor fighters from nearly conquered Peleliu have joined the growing allied aerial campaign in the Philippines theater where south west Pacific bombers rained new blows on Mindanao and carried out a 3000mile roundtrip raid on Java it was disclosed Thurs day Beginning of aerial operations from the big airdrome of Peleliu was revealed in a communique which announced that Corsair fighters strafed the northwestern area of Babelthuap island in the northern Talaus Tuesday The agency iri a wirelessdispatch recorded ican planesraided the Palaus Tuesday concentrating mainly on Koror islandnear Babelthuap The mission was the first from Peleliu where U S marines and army troops have gained complete control with the exception of 2 small Japanese pockets on rug ged Umurbrogol mountain and at the northeastern tip of the 12 square mile island Admiral Chester W Nimitz said the 2 pockets were being steadily attacked and also disclosed that the count of enemy dead on Pele liu and nearby Angaur now totaled 8537 Tokyo broadcast said American troop reinforcements again had been landed on the eastern beach es of Peleliu 560 miles east of the Philippines While Nimitz forces pushed the Peleliu campaign toward a conclusion Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs allied bombers intensi fied their strikes on the Philip pines and the protective bases as far to the south as Java The 3000mile roundtrip flight to Java the longest ever made in the southwest Pa cific made Sunday by Australiabased reconnaissance planes They strafed Japanese buildings in the Bataviaarea for their first assault on the Java nese capital Other bombers from Mac Arthurs command again swept over Mindanao and Celebes 200 miles south of the Philippines in RUSSIANS ROOT NAZIS FIGHTING IN RIGA VICINITY Axis Hints of Start of New Offensive Against East Prussia London UPV Russian tanks and riflemen drove fulltilt through the chain of lake and river barriers covering the north ern and eastern approaches to Riga Thursday routing a ragtag army of German reserves thrown into the battle in a desperate at tempt to win time for the evac uation of the Latvian seaport capi tal Simultaneously axis sources hinted at the start of a great new soviet offensive against East Prus sia and reported that Russian col umns were across the Hungarian border in force less than 100 miles southeast of Budapest menacing Szeged the 2nd city of that nazi satellite The German DNB news agency said Hungarian authorities had ordered a general evacuation of the threatened border areas and reports from Turkey said Budapest again was trying to obtain an armistice from the allies The soviet early morning com munique centered on the battle for Riga and made nomention of the East Prussianor Hungar ian fighting a Rus sian ipracti ce during fthe initial stages pia malar campaign TANKS SINK IN BOMB CRATERS These Canadian tanks fell into one of the series of bomb craters surround ing all German strong points during a night attack on Boulogne France Note tank in foreground upside down Butter Will Be Boosted to 20 Red Points a Pound Sunday Washington will go up from 16 to 20 ration points a pound next Sunday the office of price administration an nounced Thursday It strongly howeverthat the Ger mans had shot their bolt in the Baltic states and were fighting only to cover the withdrawal of their main forces southward into East Prussia More than 200 Germanheld a series of raids during the weekend Three more Japanese freighters were sunk and 5 planes destroyed towns and villages fell to the ad vancing Russians north northeast east and southeast of Riga Wed nesday in a series of armored thrusts that carried as much as 28 miles through the citys main outer defenses Attacking behind a rolling ar tillery barrage soviet infantrymen broke through a ring of German trenches in the marshes west of Limbazi advanced 12 miles to the Gulf of Riga and linked up with a 2nd column moving down the coast The combined force cleared a 28 mile stretch of the shore and captured Skulte less than 22 miles north of Riga Other soviet units drove 10 miles down the PskovRiga rail way below Cesis to take Ligal 3 an anchor position in the Ger man fortified line 35 miles north east of the capital Nitaure 40 miles eastnortheast of Riga and Garsas 36 miles to the east also were captured Farther south the Russians pushed 10 miles up the north batik of the Dvina river and drove the Germans from Kaibala 30 miles southeast of Riga Two thousand or more Germans were killed and 300 captured on the Higa front Wednesday and the soviet communique said the nazis were throwing in their very last reserves including 1500 luft waffe pilots who were rushed into the line as infantrymen that the increase of 4 points would hold for at least 90 days Present point values on all oth er rationed foods Including meats cheeses and processed remain unchanged for the October rttion period Amounting thesubstantial crease forcreamery put jt value since rationingfBegan trator Bowles said There are no 2 ways about t We civilians are going to have to get along with less butter than least during the next 80 days or so We simply dont have anywhere near the normal supply of butter to distribute Only creamery butter is af fected by the ration change Farm and process butter continue at 12 points a pound The civilian allocation of but ter for October it was pointed out will be 10000000 pounds be low that of September when the supply was so precarious that the OPA later rescinded the decision after charts were give the item a 20 point value Civilians during Oc tober will receive 85000000 pounds compared with 100000000 pounds in August and 95000000 9 Point Program for Typhoid Control Is Adopted for Audubon No Complete Agreement on Security Plan Washington of the United States British and Russian governments wind up their world security planning at Dumbarton Oaks Thursday with out reaching the complete agree ment they had hoped for when the conference opened 6 weeks ago Under Secretary of State Ed ward K Stettinius Jr chairman of the meeting summed up the 90 per cent of agreement he said had actually been accomplished as ex tremely satisfactory progress to ward reaching a basis for a world organization The main point lett over Is whether one of the great powers if accused of aggression should have a right to vote in the pro posed world council on whether the accusation is to be sustained or rejected Russia is understood to have favored such a right while the United States and apparently the British also argued against it The 2nd phase of the Dumbar ton Oaks talks is scheduled to be gin Friday afternoon after issu ance of a joint news release Friday morning on the conclusion of the first phase This concluding period will consist of talks by the British and American delegates with a Chinese delegation on the same points covered in the Rus sian conversations and any others the Chinese wish to bring up In contrast to the 6 weeks al ready consumed the Chinese con versations are expected to last about 10 days However officials are cagey on the time limit they had originally expected the Rus sian part of the meeting to be finished In 3 weeks The fact that this period had to be doubled and even then djd not lead to complete agreement is soberly regarded by officials here as illustrating the great difficulty in blueprinting so vast a piece of machinery as a world organiza Council Bluffs states ALLIES TRYING TO WALL OFF WEST HOLLAND But Nazis Are Fighting Everywhere With Skill Determination Fury London British 2nd army drove eastward to the Maas Meuse on a 14 mile front from its Nijmegen corridor and formed a new offensive arc 11 to 14 miles southwest the Siegfried end po sition oEKleve Thursday as Gen Dwight D Eisenhower built up a 2000000 to 3000000man force for the battle of Germany At the same time the British fanned out westward from their salient which was within 25 miles of walling in perhaps 200000 Ger mans in Holland These were in danger of being added to the nearly 1000000 ene my soldiers already marked off the combat list Front line dispatches said the Germans already were i pulling back from thearea to the west of the corridor The British drive brought un der allied control the west bank of the river from Cuyk to Vierlirigs beek towns from 2 to 3 miles from the German border At the same time Canadian forces captured Calais citadel on the channel taking 1000 more prisoners where a 7000man gar rison had been reduced by a pre vious 1000 captives The fall of the town appeared to be a matter of hours But the loss ol the allies1 only bridgehead across the Rhine at Arnhem in Holland by British first airborne division troops whose 2 000 remnants trickled back through the corridor apparently had dispelled hopes of a quick vic tory over Germany Prime Minister 9 point healtri program for con trol of typhoid adopted by county for their county and Cass county supervisors were considering a similar program Dr L J Belding Council Bluffs district health di rector said Wednesday The 9 point program includes blood tests and the taking of cul tures of all food handlers tests of wells study of drainage problems and dairy and milk inspection It also calls for hospitalization of patients suffering from typhoid voluntary immunization of a countywide basis provisions for a study of typhoid carriers hos pitalizationof such carriers if deemed advisable and employ ment of a county nurse to do fol lowup work on typhoid cases Dr Belding said that appar ently typhoid in the Brayton area where 20 cases were reported was subsiding There was one death in September Bowles pointed production trend out that the will continue tion even when there are only 3 lulj uvcl ruuKnuiuaw governments working on it and Churchill advised the house of all have agreed beforehand on the main objectives t From President Roosevelt down there is no evidence of any feeling thatthe job can not be done and the conviction is that it will but only after enormous labors leading through more conferences to the final decisions which each government must make as to whether it will participate in the finished structure Several weeks ago Secretary noon and began speaking at Pm a m He said that during the 5 weeks commons has been in recess the face of the war in Europe had changed completely Plunging immediately into the military situation on the western front he said it well may be that SPORTS BULLETIN nun t Crucial BrownsYanks Game Is Postponed downward through November ac cordingto the usual seasonal pat tern It will begin to rise again In December and January toward the spring and early summer pro duction crest Accentuating the critical na ture of the supply picture which has become increasingly apparent to consumers unable to purchase normal amounts of butter in stores is the fact that military and government purchases have ended for the year and set asides for other than civilian consump tion are not scheduled to be re sumed until spring Since butter is the only ra tioned commodity for which point values will be changed next month OPA will not print new point value charts Grocers will write in the new 20 point butter value and keep the old charts 9 Flyers Killed When 2 Flying Forts Crash Dyersburg Tenn B 17 Flying Fortresses collided Wed nesday near Covington Tenn causing the deaths of 9 flyers Col Hull said he hopedthat a full dress conference of the united na tions might formally receive and consider the TJ SsovietBrilish Chinese plan sometime this fall Chairman Connally DTexas of the senate foreign relations com mittee said that a world organiza tion treaty might reach congress in January Questioned on these points Wed nesday afternoon when he an nounced the conclusion of the Russian phase Stettinius said he believed that such a schedule is still possible At the same time he said there would be ample time for public debate I M Carter commanding officer DIES OF PARALYSIS Des Moines fP Mrs Walter Richard Buerger 25 San Fran cisco Cal died at a hospital here Wednesday of infantile paralysis Mrs Buerger visiting her parents 200000 Germans are cut off in the coastal areas and their destruc tion or capture is highly probable The vast and brilliant encircl ing movements of the American armies will ever be a model of military art and an example ot the propriety of running risks he said The lightning advance the British armies has not been surpassed anywhere Paying tribute to the British first airborne division which fought the battle of Amhem he said The casualties have been grie vous but for those who mourn there is the consolation that the sacrifice was not needlesly de manded Not in vain may be the pride of those who survive and the epitaph of those who fell St Louis opening game of the crucial 4 game series between the St Louis Browns and the New York Yankees was post poned Thursday because of rain and will be played as part of a doubleheader Friday SETS RECORD San Diego Cal Fort Worth and San Diego plants of Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Cor poration produced 295 per cent of all heavy bombers completed dur ing the first 6 months of 1944 Pbned Down While Trying to Smash Tank With American Airborne Troops on the Wilhelmina Canal Hol land Sept 21 ing up with a private Lt Col Ned Moore Guthrie Center Iowa tried to knock out a tank with a ba zooka but the tank cut them off They were able to escape how ever after being pinned down for 2 hours by the tank and small arms fire from nazi infantry ac companying it Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason and colder Thursday night with frost probable Friday morning Fri day fair with rising tempera ture Iowa Clearing and colder Thurs day night Light frost north central portion Friday increas ing cloudiness with rising tem peratures Fresh winds cloudy slight ly warmer north and west cen tral Thursday night Friday mostly cloudy with light show ers and cooler Fresh to strong winds Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 66 Min Wednesday night 48 At 8 a m Thursday 49 Rain 12 inch YEAR AGO Maximum R4 Minimum 53 I of the Dyersburg army air field here was the first fatality from ALLIES SWING EAST German counterattacks have forced the withdrawal of survivors of the lost British airborne division from the north bank of the Neder Rhine at Arnhem but allied forces were striking hard along the Maas river to the south Arrows indicate drives Allies were pushing toward Kleve and had reached the Maas in the BoxmeerGroeningen sector and in the WessemDilsen sector m 5r rvj It i srl fft commons that the war in Europe might continue into 1945 fighting every where determination and fierceness the Germansthrew 3rd army Ameri cans nut of their hardwon toe hold al the entrance to the moal ringed fort of Driant which guards the westbank approaches to Metz on the Moselle The nazis declared they also had smashed a bridge head across the AntwerpTumhpnt canal west of the Nijmegen corri dor Against these reverses 1st army Americans burst through the pill boxstudded 6 mile wide Hurtgen forest 14 miles southeast of be sieged Aachen in a powerful ef fort to tear open the blocked way to Cologne Canadian soldiers wearing Mae West lifejackets attacked through th6 canal lines around Calais on the channel coast They worked across the western flats into the factory area converted into a stronghold toward the port dis trict Almost everywhere the Ger mans said the allied attack was increasing in force from western Holland to the Belfort gap They admitted the loss of posi tions In a heavy fluctuating bat tle against far superior forces east of Lure 15 miles west of BeSfort said strong allied attacks had started from the Nancy area in a northern direction and de clared new airborne forces had been Slung against SHcrtogen bosch a scant 10 miles ahead of the British push west from the Nijmegen corridor A big gun duel around Metz the Germans added was deepen ing in a prelude to a full Ameri can attack on that great fortress The cost of these operations was indicated by Prime Minister Churchill who told commons that allied losses in the invasion so far totaled 235000 killed wounded and captured Ot these 145000 were Americans and 90000 British Nearly 500000 Germans had been captured and 400000 killed and wounded since Dday he said while perhaps 200000 more may well be trapped and destroyed in western Holland These 200000 do not include others sealed off in the channel islands St Nazaire and Lorient the last 2 siege ports in Brittany and the Bordeaux pockets along the Bay ftf Biscay The Germans poured in 5 coun terattacks one 6 miles west of Metz near Gravelotte and 2 at Coincourt and Bezange 9 to 11 miles northeast of Luneville be low Nancy the supreme head quarters communique announced They withered under intense American fire which cost the en emy heavily Northeast of Nancy too the Germans counterattacked twice and were repulsed losing 6 out of 30 tanks in one attack near Die uze 32 miles southeast of Metz It was disclosed that most of 800 Polish paratroops and British Dorsetshire infantrymen who crossed the Dutch Rhine to aid the withdrawal of the exhausted remnant of the British 1st air ;