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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 28, 1942, Mason City, Iowa ccup NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of I STORY A NO rr r iOI rc THE NEWSPAPER THAT Front Issue Gets Attention LONDON assertion by Gen Sir Archibald P Wavell that British and American troops would light their way on to the European continent as soon as possible shared attention Monday with labor leaders demands for an im mediate gov ernment an swer to Wen dell Willkies call for a sec ond front to aid Russia Wavell com mander in chief of India spoke in New Delhi in a review ol the global as pects of t h e war and voiced MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 28 1942 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS TUIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 1 L j A j fi J a Jr L SECTIONS ONENO 303 STALINGRAD STILL STANDS his firm con viction that the WILLKIE Von Ribbentrop His figures were greatly at variance with those of Willkie J l losses at who had put Russian 5000000 men An echo of the second front dis cussion alsb was heard in Otta wa where Clement AUlce Brit i s h dominions secretary said in a broadcast address thai Ihu war plans o the uniled na lions involves the lives of men and cannol be affected by de mands made by i r r e s p onsible people Those who bear ihe re sponsibility re gard ihe bat tlefields of the war as a unity A 111 e e said They are animaled by a single purpose lhat of winning the war Willkie himself meanwhile was enroule from Moscow to Chung king on another lap of his world girdling tour as a special represen tative of President Roosevelt Thedispatches indicated the Chinese were hoping to impress him with Ihc urgent need of al lied help especially in planes ATTLEE GERMANS MAKE CLIMAX EFFORT AT TAKING CITY AirBorne Troops Brought to Replace Thousands Failing By CLYDE A FARNSWORTII Associated Press War Editor STALINGRAD STILL STANDS After five weeks of battering siege the Germans were reported Monday forced to bring up elite shock troops by air transport in a mighty climactic effort to over run Stalingrad before a Russian counteroffensive sawing at their northern flank turns the city nlo another Leningrad Airborne reinforcements were United States Britain Russia and China would light on together to ultimate victory It is quite certain Ihal as soon as ever possible both American troops and ourselves will start a second front but I cant tell you when or where Wavell declared Its a biggish problem starting on the continent Well have some casualties very considerable both American and we get back into the continent But well set back While Wavell was giving this assurance Lord Strabolgi labor peer was demanding in a speech at Wimbledon thai the Churchill war cabiiiel reply without de lay to Willkies assertion in Moscow that the best way lo aid Russia was to open a second front before next summer AS If m Strabolgi said he did not see how the labor party could con tinue to give blind support to the Churchill unless military aid were given Russia at once Emanuel Shinwell la bo rite member of the house of commons said he had been greatly impressed by Willkies outspoken statement and expressed the opinion that Britain and the Uniled States should taketlirinitiativeimmedi ately The opposite view of the situa tion was given by Lord Croft par liamentary secretary of the war office who said in a speech lhat Britain already had foughl on 13 fronts against sj i e a I lhat she had per formed great services for Russia by aerial assaults upon Germany and by delivering supplies lo the soviet in the face of great diffi culties Russian hopes of quick aid meanwhile were given a bost by Georey Alexandrov chief of the communist partys propa ganda department in Moscow who predicted the opening at a second front in the near future Germanys outward reaction to all this second front talk was voiced by Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbenlrop who de clared that the Germans would welcome an allied attempt lo in vade western Europe Von Ribbentrop spoke at a dip lomatic reception in Berlin mark ing the second anniversary of the signing of the tripartile pact w h i c Ii linked Germany Italy and Japan in a military n I li ancc Speaking confidently o t the progress of the campaign in Russia von Ribbenlrop said that the soviet union already had lost 14 000000 men in LI iuui3u js not killed wounded ioT1pIetcI t16 snow ancl cold ot and prisoners and was approach194142 helped save Leningrad ng exhaustion in manpower thr needed by the foe to replace the thousands falling every dav that Stalingrad holds out The Germans said that sev eral more districts of Stalingrad haJ fallen fo its troops that the northern section of the city penetrated other areas were being mapped un house by house and thai Rus sian diversionary attacks both south and north of the city had failed German propaganda restrained about Stalingrad was keyed chiefly Monday to claims that three transport vessels and a de stroyer were sunk in Uboat at tacks on a troop and supply con voy enroute from the United States to England There was no confirmation and such German claims in the past have been shown up repeat edly as exaggerations But it was Germanys first claim of success against a troopbearing convoy Thehigh command claimedde struction of one 19000ton vessel one of 17000 tons and a third of 11000 tons Two others were dam aged by torpedoes the communi que said Eleven submarine sink ings in other parts of the Atlantic also were claimed Stalingrad battlius with her back to the Volga still domi nated the war news Still fighting from rooftops windows street corners and bar ricades of tumbled rubble the Russians wore reported in Russian dispatches to be holding their own against the airborne forces trying to swamp the defense positions A Pravda correspondent caught the picture of Stalingrad in one dram atic sentence The whole city is convul sion from the incessant explosions of bombs and shells The defense 01 Stalingrad be coming more than ever a pivot of allied strategy offered heroic parallels to the defense of Len ingrad where for more than a year German siege forces have been held off and actually rolled bock from time to time in various places by a northern red army As at the start of the battle of Stalingrad the besiegers of Leningrad spoke at first with clib assurance of victory as at Stalingrad they actually foujtht Ihcir way inlo the builtup metropolitan area as at Stalin grad the battle continued under ereat odds of terrain with the defenders taking the counter offensive at the propitious mo ment The parallel of course is not the temperate weather of Stalin grads latitude will not be such an ally But as against the Ger mans shorter supply lines to the Parity They Ate Clams at This Clambake Henderson Prepares for Gas Rationing WASHINGTON Price Administrator Leon Henderson Monday pushed ahead with the task of creating a vast organiza tion o handle nationwide ration ing of gasoline which becomesef fective aboul Nov 22 Tbe date when some 20000000 civilian motorists must register to obtain gasoline has not been fixed Officials said no decision would be announced until coupons and other supplies essential to the ra tioning program have been printed and distributed to boards in the 31 states outside the east ern rationed area The nationwide program will be pallerned afler the plan in force in the east Motorists will receive a basic gasoline ration allowing miles a year of travel Ad ditional mileage up to 470 miles Outnumbered Marines Beat Off Jap Drive on Solomons a month obtained if the motorist can show that the ori j g cinal sufficient UNITED STATES MARINE HEADQUARTERS Solomon is lands Delay ed United States marines often out numbered 10 lo 1 have beaten off the biggest Japanese attack since they invaded the Solomons nearly six weeks ago For two days the Japanese al tacked with everything they had by land sea and air They have lost many hundreds of dead and at least 39 planes Their picked assault troops who were supposed to have won back the air field which is the key ma rine position are back in the jun gle and the marine position re mains secure The enemy tried every trick in his bag Japanese troops at tacked frontally yelling Ban zai in an attempt lo overwhelm badly outnumbered marine posts They threw up smoke screens and yelled O K come on he yelled card allotment is in lo meet occupational needs In addition a special pre ferred mileage1 category is pro vided for 14 types of occupation deemed essential to Ihe war efforl and to the public heallh and safe ly Authorities did not believe that all of the 20000000 would regi ster When rationing was under taken in 17 east coast states only 7200000 of the 8000000 motor ists in that area registered onvi vvi j i lilies Leningrad positions the route to One problem confronting Hen Stalingrad on the Volga extends derson is the decision on penalties more than 600 miles deeper inlo to bc aPPIied to motorists who fail Russia and is exposed to Russian attacks Russian dispatches vsuuuueu j uo that 36000 Germans werc bitilino 1 Iikcy lhat some certificate will Stalingrad bc issuctl lo motorists lo submil their tires to OPA agents for onwhcel inspection estimated every GO days ft was considered rcin from positions inside St and were being steadily forced The persistent peril to Lenin grad was emphasized anew Mon day by word that fighling Ihere had gained in ferocity and thai the German commanders had promised Iheir in clude Polish and Spanish recruits the long siege would soon be victoriously ended Leningrads defenders however seemed still lo hold the initiative having freshly lakcn a hill from the foe Each day gained unless at the cost of Russian collapse added to the assurance of success for the eventual stroke at Germany at the rear or aflank In weslcrn Europe Iherc was a recess evidently imposed by the weather in air war The war still marked time in Africa Behind the facade of Hitlers new Europe there was a new and ominous stirring upon tire inspection and that those failing lo submil their tires for regular inspcclion would bc denied gaso line temporarily as a penalty It was suggested in other quarters that the penalty may take the form of denying violating motor ists new tires or recap rubber Weather Report FORECAST MASON tempera ture Monday night and Tuesday forenoon so cold Monday night and Tuesday forenoon Frost and near freezing in east portion Monday night IN MASON CITY Maximum Sunday 46 Minimum Sunday 20 At 8 a m Monday 26 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 33 English Gas attack ifuse the defenders so close that name of Capt Justin G Duryea Newburgh N V Hey Captain Duryea we are bringing reinforcements from the right shouted a voice Dont shoot us The voice sounded a bit too pol ished for a lobaccochcwing ma rine and Duryea knew he could expect no reinforcements O back The reinforcement advanced lo meet a sheet of machine gun and rifle fire The marine positions facing in land from Ihe north shore of Guadalcanal island were based on Ihe air field Col Merritt Edson Chester Vt heldthe inland front Lieut Col William McKelvy Jr Washing ton D C held the east or right flank and Lieut Col Fred C Bie bush Detroit the west or left flank NAZI LINES TO EGYPT TARGETS OF I S PLANES Unrest Grows as Winter Nears and Hitler Asks Troops for Red Front ISTANBUL Turkey Americanmade B24 bombers flying from undisclosed bases with bomb loads as great as four tons have been spreading the message of the united unlions growing might among the axis satellites in he Balkans for he past two weeks it has just been disclosed bringing blackout and bewilder ment to one capital after another The targets in Hungary Ru mania Bulgaria and the puppet state of Croatia could be reached either from Russia or tbe middle east but where the bases arc is not being given V Nor are allied authorities re vcalinsr the nationalities of the bombers crews X v But it was indicated it probably would not be wrong to assume that American flyers are becom ing acquainted with the Balkans along with Russian and British pilots American airmen raided Rumanian oil fields in June some of them being forced down in Turkey on the way back to their secret bases Reliable reports reaching here of axis movements of troops and across the Balkans recently toward Africa and Rus sia bring into sharp focus the im portance of the Balkan targets In early Aueust train after rain carried German and Ital ian troops through Yugoslavia More German troops in African uniforms were reported to have moved southward late in the month and durinjt the last half of August the axis sent 30000 trucks 400 pieces of heavy ar tillery and 89 trainloads of other war materials southward through Belgrade It is no secret that there were more air raids in the Balkans re cently than Russian and British communiques accounted for The Russians raided Budapest Sept 9 and the same night unidentified planes attacked Zagreb capital of Croatia On Sept 14 he Ploesti oil fields of Rumania were bombed and un known raiders attacked Sofia and other towns in Bulgaria For several nights radios in the axis dominated countries went off the air at an unexpectedly early hour GET BALLOT REQUESTS DES M01NES first Rejected a wii incii illume HtlLl UCC11 IclnC on each side could hear what the picked troops JU1 otheis were saying Ihe Japanese fighting to the west and east heard ihe marines menlion the i the marine positions al night i ijc3 Japanese warships under cover requests for war ballots were re been landing strong forces of ccivcd at the Iowa secretary of lc j states office Monday before the of printed ballots were ready for mailing HEKSHEY 3 Top Men Consulted on Manpower By WILLIAM F ARBOGAST WASHINGTON one eye on the nations youth and the other on its breactuaskct the house agriculture committee Mon day sought the advice of three lop ranking officials lo aid it in formu lating legislative recommenda tions lo avert what Chairman Fulmer D S Car described as a rapidly ap proaching food shortage Called as final witnesses in the commit tees long study of the food out look were Mai Gen Lewis B Hers hey selec tive service di rector Paul V McNutt head the w a r man power commis sion and Donald M Nelson war production chief Hershey was scheduled to lake the stand Monday after testifying before a senate subcommittee studying manpower McNutt was alatccl as Tuesdays witness and Nelson was expected to appeal Wednesday From Hershey who last week told the committee 23 per cent of draft registrants up to last June vere from farm regions but only 13 per cent of men in the army were farmers Fulmer said his group hoped to get an idea of the future manpower needs or the armed services and the effect on the rapidlydwindling farm labor supply McNutt whom Fulmer accused of being dustrys r c g a rdless of t h c effect o n food produc tion was ex pected to be asked about how many more men if a i y industry would take from Ihe farms and w h c I h e r the manpower commission had any plans for more interested needs Jap Base Burns in Solomons FDR AGREES TO HOLD ACTION IN PRICE CONTROL Will Allow Congress to Finish Work on AntiInflation Bill By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Farm late senators offered a compro mise Monday of their demands for higher farm prices in the antiin flation bill but administration leaders flatly rejected it Senator Brown D Mich said he and other administration lead TShad turned down a proposal offered by a senate agriculture subcommittee which Brown con tended would have introduced cost of production factors into the fixing of agricultural prices Brown announced lhat the ad ministration planned lo permit an original proposal by Senators Thomas D Okla and Hatch IX N Mex to tome to a vote Monday and then attempt to substitute an administration compromise offered by Demo cratic Leader Barklcy of Ken lucky Thomas had indicated his readi ness to abandon his amendment which would change the basis for computing parity standards by in cluding farm labor costs for the first lime if Ihe new farm bloc proposal proved acceptable to the administration This proposal would have di rected Ihe president lo raise farm price ceilings where they did not reflect increased labor costs and where they were too low to permit a reasonable profit lo farmers Senator Hatch D N chairman of an agriculture suh committce which drafted it said the proDosals rejeclion by Brown and others demonstrated to him lhat Ihc administration expects farmers lo produce at less than the cosl of produclion Brown lold reporters he did not see how the counler proposal could be acccplcd as far as I am per sonally concerned Its belter to fight it out on the basis of ihe Thomas Halch amend ment and the administration sub stitute he said The agriculture commillee dcs jnaled a subcommittee headed by Senator Hatch D N Mcx co author with Thomas of the parity revision amendment to meet with brown lo discuss Ihe proposed change Senators George D Ga and Aiken R Vt were olhor members Its a fairbgood compromise Chairman Smilh D SI ihe agriculture committee de clared but personally Im opJ posed lo any compromise President Rooscvell was re porled Monday to have agreed to delay any executive move to con trol the cost of living until cpn Sress completes action on pend ing antiinflation legislation even if the final draft does not reach him byhis Oct 1 deadline In liis youdoitorfwil mes sage of Sept 7 the president told congress thai present controls would not hold the cost of food and clothing down beyond Oct 1 and requested action by that time But Senator Brown DMich told reporters he had been as sured Mr Roosevelt conlcm plafert no immediate action and would wait a reasonable length of time for congress to finish its work on a measure directing thai prices wages and salaries be stabilized at Sept 15 levels so far as practical With the farm btoc apparently on the run in the senate after win ning an overwhelming victory in the house the national farmers union asserted lhat a change in the formula for determining par ity price will not solve the pro duction problem and inclusion ot wages in parity calculations is negligible In telegrams scnl to members at the senate W M Thatcher legis lative chairman for the organiza tion suggested that congress NAMED CHAIRMAN leave to the president Ihe mal bach ralioninz board Jne rr t pccuon iMcNUTT supplying workers to agricultural areas Nelson Fulmer said will be asked for the information on which he based a recent statement attributed to him by Representa tivePace D Ga that there was no danger of a food shortage The statement which Pace termed a critical error was in direct con flict with the general views and beliefs of committee members Fulmer declared Fulmer said he leaned toward drafliiifi and assigning nil man power to jobs where Ihc need was most ncute Such procedure he added w o u 1 d rcciuire some sort of govcrn ment bring inlo balance the pay of men a s signcd to farm work and those placed in more highlypaid in dustrial jobs Results of the g o v c r nments NELSON closest a p proach to job a recent manpower commission order affecting log gers and certain miners in 12 western describee by commission officials Sunday as very good better than ex pected Fulmer said committee mem bers also were considering the prospect of using in farm work hundreds of Ihousands of schoolage youths too young to fight but old enough to do farm work The chairman termed imprac tical a suggestion made last week by Secretary of Agriculture lhat expanded use bc made of the services of urban resi dents to till the soil rationing board Joe Frantzen of regular members Cecil Laydon of Ionia and David Hedenstrom of New Hampton are the alternate l members lo agVicultura producers A crosssection report from Rrcal plains and corn bell farm ers Thatcher said indicated thai paritv prices as now deter mined arc adequate if suffi cient farm tabor is assured and ;