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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 27, 1944, Mason City, Iowa OfAtTUCNT NI STORY NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L and United Fran Full Five Cents MASON crry IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 27 This Paper Coexists of Two NO 3K Balloons and Planes Halted Many Bombs NOTE Flying bombs have fallen In England since the following article was released by British censorship That the article was released however was indication that British officials felt the main menace had been cleared with the sweep through France By W HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor tetter No 27 Canterbury England With the battle against the robot bomb definitely won I am permitted in this letter to tell you more about what Ive seen today than would have been possible as recently as a week ago Ive p asse d through the arc ol balloons credited with bringing down 15 per cent of Hitlers 8000 robots and Ive inspect ed at close range a TRAPPED ALLIES MAKE RETREAT battery of anti aircraft guns which performed Allied Troops Land by Air and Sea in Albania Invasion HALL with an even greater effectiveness The one part of the 3element defense against the fly bombs which I havent seen is the force of fighter planes which operated out over the channel They sent hundreds ofrobots crashing into the water As we moved along on the train to a south coast port city we passed through literal y hun dreds of the balloons glistening in the morning sun held by a central cable and with other ca bles dangling earthward These balloons constituted the last line of defense Through a scientific spacing they were in tended to block the path of the robombs which successfully pene trated the fighter plane and the ackack defense Up to this time a principal use of these balloons had been to pre vent lowlevel diveborhb attacks on London and elsewhere Each bag represents a very sizable in vestment considered fonnanee robot bombs themselves Immediately at thebase of theballoons are bomb KNOCKANOTHER HOLE IN NAZIS SOUTHERN LINE Islands Off Yugoslavia Also Invaded Germans at Himra Destroyed Rome UPJ Allied invasion forces struck across the Adriatic by air and sea into Albania and the islands off Yugoslavia Wed nesday and drove inland on a broad front j Allied headquarters announced Allies Face Prospects of Winter War to Crush Nazis than justified square hits of the buzztiomb planes into the cables All of them of course are situated in theopen country There was no point of course in bringing down abombover a heavily area Thats why trie fighter planes did their stuff out over thechannel More often however the fly ing planes would hit the cables with one wing and be diverted from their course toward the sprawling London target In such cases for the most part the bombs would be exploded with out great damage The crews of fighter planes In their attacks on the ally from above so they cbnld cope with the 350 to 400 miles per hour speed of the pllotless sought to damage them rather that seaborne and airborne troops of the land forces of the Adriatic carried out the invasion of jthe Balkans knocking another hole in the southern rim of Adolf Hitlers cracking fortress Nazi broadcasts said powerful allied forces swept ashore along a broad reach of the Adriatic shore line stretching northward from Albania along the entire Dalma tian coast Early advices indicated that the invasion was on a big scale in contrast with the long series of harassing stabs by commando like forces and was aimed at clos ing the gap between the Adriatic Marshal Titos partisans and the red army massed on the Yugoslav border to the east Seaborne airborne troops ofthe land forces opprating which 1 n ctu A ef Albania a n d islands oft muniqiie saidV Tactical air sup port has been given by the Balkan air force As a result of the preliminary By DON WH1TEHEAD With the V S 1st Army In With the Germans battling desperately along the reichs borders and with the weather steadily worsening allied armies faced the prospect of having to a winter campaign before Hitlers forces finally are crushed Hitler has called on his troops to fight to the last man and last cartridge They are making a fanatical stand on their own soli as fall rains turn fields into quag mires and leave the troops cold and wet In the Aachen area German commanders are passing out cards for the men to that they will resist to the last This same technique was adopt ed Cherbourg where the nazi defense was bitter but the de fenders did not fight to the last man nor last cartridge American and British naval and ahforces Wednesday morning at tacked islands off the Dalmatian coast and the action still was go ing on at the time of the report Titos liberation army reported that partisans cooperated with allied naval units to occupy the strategic island of Pag one of the northernmost of the Adriatic is lands near Istrian Italy Allied naval forces long have j controlled the Adriatic making it inforce the islands dotting the coastal area The landing in Albania was as sumed to have the support of Al banian guerrillasestimated un officially as high as 25000 men Yugoslav partisans recently have been operating inside Albania with the native patriots and the possi bility was seen that Tito had shift ed formidable units southward in preparation for the present opera tion A quick allied thrust across Yu goslavia would seal the fate of the Germans in Greece and the Aege an islands from which the nazis have been reported withdrawing for some time The Yugoslavs were pressing their offensive in Bosnia storming the towns of Gracanica and kUl ing or wounding most of theGer manjgarrison i and PriiepVeles sector of Macedonia operations the nazi garrison of Himra in Albania was destroyed and the Germans were forced to give up the Albanian coastal road and send their supplies to other garrisons by Email ships For nearly 2 weeks landing craft of the royal navy covered and supported by destroyers and light coastal craft had been plying among the southern Dalmatian islands ferrying troops and parti sans engaged in harassing a Ger man withdrawal Bodies of troops also have been landed on the mainland of Al bania an official source said in dicating that the first phase of the invasion was concentrated on that tiny kingdom seized by Italyon April 7 1939 Coastal forces sank 3 German P Buy your WarBonds and Stamps from yourGlobeGazette carrier boy BONINRAIDBY B29S REPORTED Nazis Declare Latest Attack by Superforts By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Berlin radio said Wednes day that SuperFortresses had been launched against the Bonin island of Iwq Jima Monday A Transocean agencydispatch dateltaed Tokyo asserted 8 of 30 SuperrEortresses attacked IwpJunaJhad been damaigeftiby American announcemerit that B 29shad been used in such an op eration YANK VEHICLES HIT IN vehicles gasoline and ammunition go up in smoke after being hit by enemy shellfire in Germany Associated Press wire photo Kayenay engraving LOSTDIVISION IS WITHDRAWN SOUTH OF RHINE How Many of British Paratroops Survived Battles Not Revealed Supreme Headquarters AEF lost that remained of it after 9 days of battle for a crossRhine foothold at withdrawn Mon day night to the south bank of the river How few or how many of the battered and bloody British first airborne division got out was not disclosed Its living had written a new epic of heroism in the records of British arms The loss of the tenuous north bank foothold that might have opened a way for a flanking sweep around the north end of the Siegfried line was one of the Reports or Least 2000 Evacuated Across Rhine River than explode them in midair for the reason that such an explosion created a grave danger to their own craft The battery of ickack guns I visited was manned by Ameri can boys From one the offi cers I received a playbyplay description of the technique em Ga ployed including the important part played by special range ifinding equipment 5 By arrangement the fighter operated in a certain as zone over the channel At a fgiven distance the shorebased jguns took over Usually the kill could be accomplished far enough out to prevent the blast from 1 coming too close to the emplace ments When this wasnt possible the job was left to the balloons Crews manning the guns oper ated on an aroundtheclock basis Their willingness to forego sleep and leaves has won the grateful appreciation of all in the London area who profited from it The detailed story of their perform ance is going to make interesting reading some day At a beach nearby I saw chil dren playing in the sand and bathing in a stretch of surf only lately cleared of mines It was so cold It makes me shiver to think of it Bat to the English deprived of this sort of thing for 5 years it was a grand and glorious feeling Take the case of our host Tim Healey He lives in a city 30 miles the coast He has 2 chil boy of 10 and a girl of 5 Neither of them can remember ever having seen a banana Neither can remember ever hav ing seen a street light The daugh ter has never seen the ocean not as far away as Hampton is from Mason City The defeat of the flying bomb has brought appreciably nearer the day when the lights will go on again all over the world ships carrying supplies on Satur day night a naval communiqut said of the Adriatic operations Sweeping on ahead of the inva sion forces allied planes knocked out 5 of 8 rail bridges across the Danube between Budapest and Belgrade Tuesday night medium and heavy bombers attacked a rail viaduct at Borovnica in north western Yugoslavia A nazi broadcast said powerful Weathet Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional scattered showers Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night Bain and cooler Thursday Much cooler by Friday morning Iowa Thundershowers Wednes day and most of Wednesday night followed by partly cloudy Thursday with showers in east portion Moderate to occasional ly fresh winds Cooler in north portion Wednesday and Wed nesday night and considerably cooler Thursday cloudy and cool occasional showers south east portion Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy and cooL IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 78 Minimum Tuesday night 51 At 8 a m Wednesday 55 YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 48 Sherwood Resignation in OWI Leaves Him Free to Aid FR Drive Brave Chutists Who Held Bridgehead 9 Days Beaten in Body But Not in Spirit EDITORS NOTE Here is the first story of the gallant fight of the British parachutists who held a bridgehead north of the Rhine for more than 9 days iold by the survivors to Richard D McMillan vet eran United Press war correspondent British Before Arnhem Sept UPirr 6f Ithe brave carved out a perilous bridgehead north ofthe Rfiini for 9 dayswith their guns who and defended it 2000 PLANES HIT GERMANS Widespread Softening Up Is Carried Out London e a r I y 2000 American Tlying Fortresses Libr rators lighters smashed yednesday at war plants and rail yards in the Bhinelahd arid westf rn Germany in a widespread oftening up bombardment ahead Washington a y w right Robert E Sherwoods resignation as director of the overseas branch of the office of war information left him free Tuesday to take an active part in President Hoose velts 4th termbid That he told OWI Director El mer Davis was his sole purpose in resigning Davis moved up Ed ward W Barrett former associate editor of Newsweek magazine from executive director to direc tor of the overseas branch Sherwood returned to the United States recently after eral months in London It was not officially con he had a hand in preparingMr Roosevelts opening campaign speech last Saturday night bayonets and their fighting hearts were ferried across to the British lines before dawnTuesday under a hurricane barrage of German gunfire They were beaten in body but not in spirit Let1 us get back again give us a few tanks and we will finish the job they said I saw the tragic yet heroic cavalcade return tram what a sergeant described as the kind of hell Ive never dreamed could ex ist on earth Everyone had a story to tell of terror by day and night of cease less enemy attacks with Came throwers tanks and selfpropelled guns I was inCrete and that was a piece of cake compared to the bridgehead at Arnhem said one bearded begrimed red devil of ficer Capt Bethune Taylor He could hardly keep his eyes open but he told me the whole story of the Arnhem Buy yonr War Bonds Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy man1 tactics wereto send in tanks with infantry behindVthem The tanks then turned away leaving the infantry We usually managed to clean up the troops who were not too good and then the Germans brought in flame throwers and selfpropelled guns and gave us more than we gave them We car ried in 2 days food with an ex tra days ration for the entire di vision Resupply worked and we marvelledat the mazing courage of the RAF I saw 3 transport planes come In blazing The pilots neverthe less held the flaming ships on their course and I saw parachute drop over the perimeter Won derful But then deeds of hlg courage were being enacted ever Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy SICILY J interspersed with remarks like when we can get have to get back and get the rest of our chaps out He knew many of his comrades who dropped with him were on the other side of the dead many taken prisoner many left behind in the evacuation when dawn brought increased Inferno from the Ger man runs to cut off the escape of as many as possible Like the others Taylor bitter ly regretted thebridgehead could not be held but he all allied commanders knew that though they lost heavily in dead and wounded the airborne troops effort made possible the capture of the vital Nijmegen bridge If the Germans had not turned on their power of tanks and guns to wipe out the bridgehead they might have swung that force to prevent the Nijmegen victory By denying the Arnhem bridge to the Germans the Red Devils forced the nazi reinforcements to pass over a roundabout route through Emmerich in Germany to reach Nijmegen where they arrived over late Here is the Arnhem epic as told by Taylor Most of the division dropped Sunday but I a gunner dropped on Monday It was easy A bit of flak hit our glider but we landed west of Oesterbeek As he spoke survivors many stretcher cases many wrapped In blankets some hobbling with sticks flooded in on a tide of broken and yet staunchhearted humanity One brigade moved down the railway and ran into 88 mm guns which we force back That was the beginning ot the fireworks and next day the situation began to deteriorate We scooped out some earth in a cabbage patch down near Oes terbeek and got our guns going We then withdrew to a field in the middle of the wood The Ger New York NBCs David Anr dcrson broadcast from the western front Wednesday that of the 7000 to 8000 British troops in the Arn hem pocket at least 2000 had been evacuated to the south bank of the Rhine river Twelve hundred wounded British airborne troops were left behind and are under the care of the German commander Anderson said A number of Birtish doctors stayed behind to tend the wounded despite the certainty of capture The troops evacuated from the picket reported they had never Seen so many German dead In such a small area as at Arhhem An derson if the allied armies More than 1100 heavy bombers iscorted by Mustangs Thunder jolts and Lightnings dropped ex plosives through a heavy over ast on a tank factory at Kassel rail yards at Oppau synthetic oil and chemical plants at Ludwig shafen rail yards and an indus rial plant at Cologne and an ord nance depot at Mainz RAF medium bombers mean while flew through thick clouds attack the German frontier own of Goch 8 miles south of Sieves on the Nicrs river Governor to Be m Mason City Saturday Des Moines B B Hickenlooper republican nominee minute of every hour The shelling became more in tense as the enemy moved up ar tillery around the perimeter an on Thursday the Germans over ran one of our gun positions wit tanks At one moment 2 tanks wer being held off by one man wit one American 77 mm th rest of the crew had been killei Tanks bashed in the house where we had taken refuge and became so troublesome that a major went out with a piat Brit ish bazooka and took on 2 He nosed around the corner of the house Everytime his head ap peared the German tanks fired but he got the piat in position and bagged one The other moved of I and we stalked it until nightfall Other survivors told how jeeps dragging guns at high speed played hare and hounds with German tanks all over the peri meter Whenever a tank was re ported the Red Devils would fas ten a gun to a jeep and start in hot pursuit Once a gnntoting jeep raced right under the long gun of a German tank while a British gun on the flank divcrled the tanks attention The jeep crew jumped out swunR their gun and got that tank fair and square Paratroopers lay around in blankets exchanging queries aboul their buddies Wheres soand so one would ask and the reply would be Hes dead or Hes a prisoner or Hes been missing since the first day One soldier told of seeing the man next to him caught by a flame thrower and screaming as the entire lower part of his body was set afire When the Germans brough their full furyjo bear the beach head became in the words of one private like a monster engini that spat flame smoke and liquii death 8 nights and 9 days Two regiments of British and Poles carried out the evacuation with assault boats The passage for U S senator Wednesday an nounced his speaking itinerary for the next 3 days Speeches will be made Thursday afternoon at Corn ing Villisca and Clarinda and at Shenandoah in the evening He will speak at Sidney Friday morn ing and Glenwood at noon Satur day noon he will address the Iowa Hotelmens Association at Mason City first times since the invasion thaf the allies have had to yield a key position It was yielded thfe time not through any lack of battle tenacity nor sacrifice of the hardfighting British first airborne but because the Red Devils were forced to hold out alone without reinforce ments or more than a trickle of longer than an airborne division is equipped to fight Field Marshal Sir Bernard It Montgomerys land drive north through Eindhoven was delayed too long in winning the Nijmegen bridge to reach Arnhem while the parachute troops still held the bridge there Counterattacks into which the Germans hurled some of their toughest SS divisions pushed the parachute troops back into woods west of the town Then miserable weather pre vented the normal strengthening of the pocket by airborne rein forcements and heavier arms One Polish reinforcement drop was attempted but the Poles landed on the wrong side of the Rhine Much about the withdrawal which had been cloaked under a 48 hour censorship ban on news ySN continued from 11 p m until day light when German gunfire cut off further escape r ill ALLIES THREATEN arrows indicate al lied drives reported from the western front White arrows show German counterattacks Allies threatened Kleve northern anchor of the Siegfried line drove through Deurne to the south and broke up a German counter thrust east of Aachen ;