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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 26, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 26, 1945, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY wo ARCHIVES NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLU Associated FTesa and United Pry Pun leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITS IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 26 1945 This Paper Consists of Two One NATIONWIDE OIL STRIKE THREATENS RATION CALLED BY EISENHOWER TO GIVE VIEWS General Is Ordered to Present Report on Retention of Nazis Frankfurt UB Gen Dwight D Eisenhower called Gen George S Fatten on the carpet Wednes day to give an account of his stew ardship in Bavaria where he fa vored the retention of nazis in cer tain minor administrative posts Fatten was ordered to appear personally at American occupa tion headquarters within a week to present his side of thecontro versy and to report on any nazis who may be holding office in the Bavarian province of which he is military governor Lt Gen Walter B Smith Eisen howers chief of staff announced the summons to Patton at a press conference here Wednesday Smith said that if Patton is un able to give r a satisfactory report on his stewardship it was not known whatdisciplinary action Eisenhower would take He asked correspondents to watch closely for thenext week to see if any marked changes for the better are made to improve U S political control in Bavaria Eisenhower Tuesday ordered the removal of all nazis throughout the American occupation zone from any administrative positions civil or industrial The order was effective Wednesday Patton at a press conference at his Bavarian headquarters advo cated the use of nazi officials in some secondary posts at the same time insisting he was carrying out Eisenhowers directives to the let ter and would continueto do so Smith excusedPattons recent statements tothe pressupholding the use of certain nazis in office FREED FROM JAPS AT CAMP men prisoners of the Japs and interned at Camp Stanley Hong Kong show the results of near starvation diet and beatings at hands of captors Scars on man at left caused by Jap beatings He is unidentified Others left to E Lam mert A D Humphreys and Dr W J E McKenzie AP By saying His month does not always carry out the functions of his brain George acts on the theory that it is better to be damned than to say some pub licity is better than none He said Eisenhower and his headquarters were convinced that Fattorj was making every effort to carryout the denazification program to the best of his ability He enumerated the main points of Eisenhowers policy as follows 1 Complete denazification even though some efficiency is lost in the process 2 Placing the burden of care for displaced persons on the Ger mans as much as possible 3 Reestablishing German in terior economy as is necessary for everyday living 4 Removal of excess machinery up war machinery 5 Breaking down any remain ing vestiges of German military ambitions Jap Reports Claim Visit by Emperor Hirohito Soon Tokyo AP Unconfirmed Japanese reports Wednes day said that Emperor Hirohito will meet General MacArthur Thursday presumably at the U S embassy which is the su preme allied commanders residence Wellinformed sources earlier had said such a meeting unprecedented in modern was jieing arranged but had cited no date Official sources remained silent but MacArthuVs public relations office announced that correspondents wooli meet at 9 a m Thursday 7 p m WedhesiSay night Centra War for instructions on covering BYCIVt General MacArthur Wednesday stripped Japans army and naw of all equipment directing that their stocks of food and clothing be turned over to the faminethreatened civilian population under a A memberof Japans house of peers meanwhile proposed in an interview that Emperor Hirohito withdraw from all political affair ound mocacy BUS LINE PLAN NEARS REALITY Line to Estherville Starts Next Saturday The original plan of the locally organized Wihnebago lines for more than 200 miles of bus lines operating between Mason City and Estherville to the vest and De corah to the east witb stops at intervening points along highway No 9 will become a complete re ality Saturday On that day the Winncbago lines now under the new owner ship is to open bus service be tween Mason City and Estherville Some time ago Waterloo Stages started service between Mason City and Cresco connecting with bus service eastward along No 9 to the Wisconsin line The new service between Mason City an fl Estherville will have one coach each way each day until additional bases can be obtained to complete schedule of 2 each day A bus will leave Estherville at 8 a m and arrive at Mason City at 12in time to connect with the Chicago bound Milwaukee railroad The bus will leave Ma son City at 5 p m and arrive at Estherville at 9 p m When equip ment is available there will be a 8 a m departure at Mason City and a 5 p m departure from Estherville The Mason CityEstherville line will have scheduled stops at Man ly Hanlontown Fertile Forest City Leland Lake Mills Thomp son Buffalo Center Lakota Gerled Bancroft Swea City Armstrong Gridley and Graver If the emperor withdrew to the background as a spiritual adviser and avoided political matters Marquis Yoshichika Tokugawa as serted there would be no political clique surrounding him Reorganization Japanese agency through which occupation headquarters vorks its will upon the conquered nation also began Wednesday to shake off clinging domination by Japanese foreign office personnel Occupation forces will be bol stered soon by Chinese troops said a Chinese government the throne and thus mak Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy spokesman in Chungking Wednes day He aid not report their num bers or expected date of arrival The Japanese central liaison of fice through which MacArthurs commands supposedly are effectu ated is being broadened to in clude representatives of all fields of government Japanese govern ment sources said The office pre viously has had slight chance to act however since the Japanese foreign office had been doling out MacArthurs requests to appro priate Japanese governmental de partments for action The Japanese privy council ap proved the reorganization at a special session In the presence of Emperor Htrohito Tuesday The battle for reorganization was one factor which forced the resigna tion of Mamorn Shlgemitsn the foreign minister who signed the surrender document for Japan Shigemitsu had supported current bureaucrats in the liaison office Government sources said the organization which retains its present name will be headed by a president or ministerial rank whose appointment will be ap proved by MacArthur There will be 2 presidents one the con current vice foreign minister It was announced only Wednes day that the new vice foreign minister is Tatsuo Kawai a mem ber of the old line bureaucratic clique He succeeded Shunichi Matzumato who resigned The organization will be div ided into 6 departments covering financial home affairs and other fields all required to meet the demands of MacArthur It also was disclosed that Tues day General MacArthur andJac ob Malik former soviet ambassa dor to Japan conferred prior to Maliks scheduled departure by plane for Moscow Both MacArthur and Malik were silent on the topic the conver sations Participants included Lt Gen Kuzma Nikolaevech Derev yanko who signed the Japanese surrender document for Russia I In London Tuesday a reliable ROUBLES OVER BALKANS NEAR BIG 5 SOLUTION United States Offers to Recognize Soviet Supported Hungary London problems ppeared nearer solution Wednes ay followirig anAmerican offer o recognize the sovietsupported overnment ofHungary The offer marked the first reak in the heretofore solid Anglo American front against ecognition of governments set up vlthin the sovietdominated zone f southeastEurope Britain may fellow Americas ead toward Hungary despite ear er official assertions that White all would not necessarily recog jze the Budapest regime even if Washington did Both the United States and Britain still were adamant ih their efusal to recognize the new Ro manian and Bulgarian govern ments on grounds they were dom inated by communists but the American gesture toward Hun ary may portend a break in those ituations also However neither London nor Vashington objected so strongly o the Hungarian government as hey did to those In Sofia and Bu iharest The Hungarian news agency WTI said the Budapest govern ment had set Nov 4 for a general effect a further con cession to demands of the western allies for elections as early as possible in Europe The American move toward iluugary was disclosed in an of icial bulletin broadcast over the 3udapest radio It also announced that Russia has resumed diplp inatic relationswiUi4Hungajy 250000 to Quit If Conference Fails Chicago Oil Workers Intelnational Union CIO Wednesday authorized a nationwide strike if the present governmentsponsored conciliation conference fails Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach to4 the conferees at its opening Tuesday that it must not be ffermilted to fail Harvey OConnor union public relations director told reporters the announcement that a nationalstrike had been announcement read to the conciliators and to a strike Minutes later O A Knight Fort Worth Texas Union Interna tional president burst into the lobby and told reporters and his own colleagues that this doesnt mean a strike has been means a strike has been authorized if this conference fails Immediate affect of the unions 1 spectacular announcement on the Lol Devereux Has Reunion With Son 11 source said Russia had propose o the Bis 5 council of foreign ministers meeting there that th Soviets have a voice in determin ing MacArthurs policies in Japan The first outfit from the Euro pean theater to arrive for occupy iional duty in Japan began lane ings Wednesday in the Yokoham area It is the 37th infantry d vision which was on frontlin combat in Germanys Ruhr dis trict The 97th is replacing the veter an 43rd division which will leav soon for the United States NORTH IOWAN IS FREED FROM JAPS Decorah Krysan son of Mr and Mrs John Krysan of near Decorah has informed his parents that he is alive and well in Manila following release from the Japanese Krysan taken prisoner when the Japanese captured Wake island was employed as a construction worker The word to the parents was the first news they had had of their son since he was taken prisoner Arthur Soheorifeld American minister attached to the allied control council hadhanded a note LO the Bulgarian foreign office re porting that the United States was prepared to establish diplomatic relations with the Hungarian pro visional national government arid to conduct negotiations With a view to concluding an agree ment onthe matter The American note also was said to have expressed hope that elections aimed at formation of a new government would be free and unhampered and that the present regime would insure free political activity of democratic parties The Hungarian government re plied with a note of gratitude ra dio Budapest said The provision al Hungarian government consid ers this decision as an apprecia tion of its efforts made so far to reestablish and maintain order in Hungary and to establish dem ocratic institutions the note said NO CLIMBING FOR THE of the ele vator operators strike the New York post office depart ment set up distribution centers for mail on the ground floors of the citys Marti Shalat who works on the 77th floor of the Empire State building hiked the stairs to get her office mail in the building lobby Elevator Strike of 15000 Cripples New York Business By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The full glare of the spotlight being focused on thenations troubled labor front flushed New York City Wednesday Whilea wave of postwar lab or disputes idle more than 350000 and fcrohiess and he cctmtrjf gtev strike in the nations largest city disrupted business idled hundreds of thou sands and virtually closed the metropolis billion dollar garment Industry A steadily spreading strike of some 15000 AEL elevator men and building maintenance workers in approximately 1600 otfice and loft buildings was responsible for paralyzing effect on business and industrial activity The walkout which began Monday affected an estimated million and a half per sons Two reasons were advanced for the virtual shutdown the citys huge clothing center and the idl ing of an estimated 250000 to 300000 workersWorkers refused to pass picket lines or would not climb long flights of stairs to sky scraper lofts The labor unrest elsewhere across the country showed no marked improvement New dis putes broke out offsetting the numberof idle who left the strike ranks to return to their jobs Washington Col P S Devereux marine hero of Wake Island came home Wednesday to his 11 year old son Paddy after a 4 year absence spent mostly in Japanese prison camps It was a joyful reunion Faddy threw his arms around his father and kissed and hugged him as the slender marine officer left the train Col Devereux had a grin from ear to ear Paddy appeared a bit overcome by the reunion His eyes blinked and his jaw quivered but he did not cry He gave his father a box o monogramed handkerchiefs homecoming gilt The fatherson embrace and kiss was repeated several times for the benefit photographers Devereux wore the silver leaf of a lieutenant colonel although it had previously been announced that his promotion from major would not be formally acceated until hisarrival here Women May Cause Loss of Moustache Portland Ore Hoit New Sharon Iowa may soon per form a major tonsorial operation on his upper lip Hoit was among 1600 long service combat veterans of the Philippines campaign who docked here Tuesday night After taking a look at the girls ashore the lowan decided he might shave off a moustache he claimed measures just short of 12 inches tip to tip Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy Meanwhile in Detroit the con ference between the CIO united automobile workers and Chrysler corporation on the unions demand for a 30 per cent wage hike was shrouded in secrecy As negotia tions resumed Wednesday no an nouncement was forthcoming as to what results if any developed after Tuesdays initial session There were a few bright spots in the dismal labor picture A few strikes ended including the 3 weeks old walkout of 15780 CIO united rubber workers at the B F Goodrich companys 6 plants in Akron Ohio But new disputes cropped up and the number of new idle on the strike list more than offset the number returning to their jobs The big lumber strike In the Pacific northwest idling more than 60000 AFX workers in a wage dispute was in its 3rd flay and there wereno immediate in dications a settlement was near The workers got advice from the AFL sailors union of the Pacific its members would not sail ships with strikebound lumber The walkout silenced lumber operations in 5 Oregon Idaho Washington and Montana Scores of coal mines in Penn sylvania and West Virginia were closed as 30000 workers remained off their jobs in supporting su pervisors in their demand for rec ognition of their union an affiliate of the united mine workers In Detroit where some 90000 workers are away from their jobs over labor disputes it was dis closed that the TJAW union had asked the national labor relations board for a strike among the 80 000 Chrysler workers The 300000 General Motors corporation em ployes will take a vote on Oct 24 while one isplanned for the Ford Motor company which employs 109000 rosimasterjsliip for Swaledale Approved Washington if The senate has approved nominations for 6 postmasterships in Iowa They are Gussie M Jarvis Bradgate John J Franta Gilbertville Hen ry A Nemmers Lamotte Perry M Dougherty Legrand Oley C Hanson Otho and Edward Mor oney Swaledale conference regarded in Washing ton as testing administration post war labor policies could not determined Justice William I Knous of the Colorado supreme court presiding hurriedly talked with Knight and other union officials in the hotel lobby then went into another closed session with industry rep resentatives only Knight refused to tell reporters his union membership saying we have enough to do the job but OConnor said a complete walkout by this union would affect 250000 I workers in the industry Approximately 35000 oil work j ers already are on strike in 7 j states tieing up a large number of refineries and other gasoline j and oil products production plants OConnor made the estimate i that a nationwide walkout by the i union would tavolve 250000 He said the unions executive council authorized the complete i stoppage The conciliation conference pre sided over by Justice William L Knous of the Colorado supreme court at request of the labor de partment was regarded in Wash ington as the first major test the administrations postwar la bor pplicies under Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach and his re There liad been hodisclosure of what was accomplished if any thing in thefirst days sessions Tuesday VMail Transmission Will C ease on Oct 31 New York trans mission of Vmail by which some 1500000000 letters were speeded to and from the armed forces around the world will cease Oct 31 Lt Col E D Snyder in charge of the Vmail section of the army pictorial service has an nounced Confirm Execution of 3 Doolittle Flyers b CRASH SENDS 8 TO HOSPITAL A collision 2 cars at the inter section of State and Federal about p m Tuesday sent 8 persons to the Park for treat ment They were later released The cars were considerably dam aged According to police Warren CHne 612 Harrison N W who was driving east on East State across Federal collided with a car driven by Kobert Berry who was traveling north on Federal Berry lives at 1322 Carolina SE The Berry car is owned by Mrs Minnie Berry 2708 Jefferson S W Riding in the Berry car were Shelby Berry 825 Polk place S W Mrs Irene Pierson and Betty Hammond both of 315 24th S In the car with Cline was his wife Mrs Beatrice Cline 612 Har rison N W and Mr and Mrs Lynn O Reynolds 617 3rd N E The Berry car was thrown against the northeast curb at the inter section breaking off a part of the traffic signal EDITORS NOTE In the follow ing exclusive dispatch a United Press correspondent clears up the 3Vi year old mystery surrounding the fate of 3 missinp airmen who participated in the first American air raid on Tokyo By ALTER G RUXDLE United Press Correspondent Shanghai ene my records provided the first def inite confirmation Wednesday that the Japanese executed 3 Ameri can airmen who participated in the famed Doohttle raid OD Tokyo April 18 1942 The records including the of ficial Japanese account of the per functory court martial which con demned the men disclosed that they died before a firing sfjuad at a war prisoners camp near Shanghais Kiankwan race track Oct 15 2942 The flyers were identified as 1st Lt William G Farrow ot Washington and Darlington S Car 1st Lt Dean Hallmark of 80S Wayne avenue Dallas Tex Sgt Harold A Spatz of Lebo Kans and New York State A 4th member of the Doolittle team 1st Lt Robert J Meder of Lakewood Ohio died in a Nan king prison Dec 1 1943 of mal nutrition beri beri and dysentery The remaining 4 of the 8 Doolittle flyers captured by the Japanese were liberated last month and 3 already have been flown back to the United States The court martial records re vealed that all 8 flyers originally were sentenced to death though the sentences of all but 3 sub sequently were commuted to life imprisonment The records bear the signatures and official chops of the 4 chief Japanese officers who participated in what was little more than a mock trial They have been placed on top of the American war crimes list in the Shanghai area for submission to the Chinese for action The wanted officers are Lt Col Makajo Toyama presiding judge 1st Lt Wamithu Yusei associate judge 2nd Lt Okada Ryukei as sociate judge and Maj Hata It suro trial prosecutor The court record gave the lie to Japanese claims that they did not impose special punishment on air crews It specifically stated that the 8 airmen were being tried under that portion of the mili tary regulations which comes un der enemy plane crews The proceedings lasted only a halfhour and consisted merely of a recital of the provisions of the military regulations under which the flyers were arraigned The Jrial was conducted entirelyin Japanese The official account of the pro ceedings also emphasized that the airmen under provisions of Ar ticle 3 of the military regulations must be punished as written in the test It then listed all8 men and said they were hereby sen tenced to No explanation was given for the subsequent com mutation of 5 of he sentences Following the execution the bodies of the 3 men shot to death were sent to a crematorium in the Honkew section of Shanghai Their ashes later were turned over to the International Red Cross by the commander of the Woosung war prisoner camp with the ex planation that they were the re mains of prisoners who died in the camp The flyers whose sentences were commuted never were cer tain of the fate of their compan ions and no irrefutable evidence of the executions was available before the discovery of the court martial records Japanese propaganda broad casts in late 1942 and 1943 re ferred vaguely to the execution of several of the Doolittle airmen but never gave any dates or names However the U S state depart ment protested to Tokyo on the basis ot the broadcasts and the late President Roosevelt denounced the executions as outright murder He said it would make the Ameri can people more determined than ever to blot out the shame less militarism of Japan 154 br United Prm Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional showers and thunderstorms Wednesday night and Thursday Not so cool Wednesday night Iowa Increasing cloudiness Wed nesday with occasional rain showers and thunderstorms Wednesday night and Thursday and in southwest and extreme west Wednesday Not so cold east portion Wednesday night Minnesota Mostly cloudy with scattered showers and not so cool Wednesday night Thursday mostly cloudy with showers east and south portion Cooler west and extreme north portion by Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 73 Minimum Tuesday 47 At 8 a m Wednesday 50 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 46 18000 RETURN FROM OVERSEAS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS More than 18000 servicemen from the Pacific and European theaters were scheduled to return home Wednesday aboard 19 troop carrying vessels Nine ships with about 8200 troops are due in San Francisco Five ships with more than 2800 men are due in New York 3 with more than 3300 men at Newport News Va and 2 with nearly 3900 men at Boston Ships and units arriving AT NEW Gen Greeley from Calcutta 2735 troops including elements of the 5th and 14th air forces the 61st railway operating battalion and 5 navy personnel Aboard J E Johnson 23 troops undesignated units Aboard Sea Serpent from Antwerp 17 miscellaneous troops Aboard Jamaique from Marseil les 23 miscellaneous troops Aboard Atenus from Le Havre 23 miscellaneous troops AT NEWPORT Aboard Cristobal 3334 troops including the following elements of the S9th infantry division Headquarters headquarters spe cial troops 99th quartermaster company 370th field artillery battalion 371st 324th and 924th engineer battalions Aboard Mount Evans from Naples 29 troops undesignated units Aboard C Long 22 troops un designated units AT Bran don Victory 1957 troops includ ing following elements of the 63rd infantry division headquar ters and headquarters company special troops military police platoon 2nd battalion 253rd in fantry regiment with medical at tendants 862nd field artillery bat talion with medical attendants and miscellaneous personnel Aboard Dominican Victory 1939 troops for separation and miscel laneous troops AT SAN proximately 8205 troops from the Pacific are expected aboard the following 9 ships The carriers U S Roi and KadashanBay and the Sea Corporal Brazil Charles E Smith Wilfred Grenfell Far ralon Utahan Paul Chandler Too Late Philadelphia W Yeoman Earle C Lenhart told As a footpad dashed away with his wallet a second man ap proached but disappeared when the fleeting thief yelled back Dont bother him I already got I his money ;