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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 25, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 25, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES WOINC3 IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLU Associated Pros and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON crnr IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 25 gapec Consists ot Two NO Ml COOPER NEW ELDORA SCHOOL HEAD Hirohito Sees New Democratic Rule EDITORS democratic form of government will evolve eventually in Japan Emperor Hirohito says in the following interview with Hugh Baillie president of the United Press The head of the Japanese state revealed in the course of his 25 minute talk with Bail lie that he expected to have a visit soon with Gen Douglas MacAr tbur supreme allied commander in Japan By HUGH BAILLIE President of The Press World Copyright 1945 By United Press Tokyo is now on an entirely newfooting and will prove itselfequal to membership in the family of nations Emperor Hirohito told the United Press in an interview Tuesday Thecmperor said that a democratic Japanese form of government which will evolve in time may not necessarily follow the exact pat tern of democracy in the United States arid Britain but it is his de sire and intention that his people be made to appreciate the value of democratic government Hirohito said that Japan was In urgent need of food He is much exercised about the prospects for winter when millions ofJapanese will be without clothing and fuel According to court procedure T Cf hmitted in EjAUtJLl hofnto tha my questions were submitted writing several days before the audience and as I left the imperial household departmental building the questions and written answers were handed to me However my conversation with the emperor lasted 25 minutes during which tea was served Dur ing this conversation the emperor said that he expected to have a visit with General Douglas Mac Arthur very soon Prior to the audience I was in formed that the emperor now re sides in a cottage within the palace grounds since his imperial palace was rendered uninhabit able by air raiots It is estimated that buildings within the extensive palace grounds are 50 per cent destroyed Following is the text of the written questions I submitted to the imperial household and the written answers from the emperor which were handed me as I left the palace i I Would your Imperial majesty care to of the future of Occupation of Japanese Tokyo Mac Arthur jnnounccd Tuesday through a headquarters spokesman that the attend occupation of Japan might ast many years although with minimum occupation forces par ticipating Emperor Hirohito meanwhile told New York Times Correspon dent Frank Kluckhohn in an in ervlew that he had expected Premier Hideki Tojo to de clare war against the United States In he usual formal man that he had not ex ected his imperial war rescript to be used as Tojo used it when Japan launched her sneak attack on Pearl Harbor Combatclad veterans of Palau dashed ashore at Aomori Tuesday to expand the groundforces pccu that Japan has startedon the new road of peace his majestysmost hopeful nation will succeed in arriving at that desiredgoal for which he will employ every means at his dis posal The emperor would like to ask the people of the united na tions to observe the future trend of Japan closely The nation is now on an entirely new footing and will prove itself equal to the membership of the family of na tions His majesty says he will deliberately refrain from giving too many promises regarding the future of the country at this mo ment as he realizes it is deeds and not mere words that really matter Z What is the future ot democ racy in Japan Answer The emperor believes that an immediate revolutionary change of theform of government in Japan is neither possible nor desirable The democratic govern ment which will evolve in time may not necessarily follow the exact pattern that it has in the United States or Great Britain Butit is his majestys desire and intention that his people will be made to appreciate the value of democratic government 3 In my ravels around Japan I have been impressed by the large numbers of children seen everywhere Would your Imperial majesty care to comment on the trend which education will take In Japan during the coming years Answer Hismajesty feels thai the educational system should be so directed as to foster a search for truth initiative broad mind edness and the correct kind of world outlook He hopes that any past shortcomings in these re spects will be remedied 4 What are the most Immedi ate problems n your impcria majestys mind with regard to the daily needs of the people of Ja pan Answer The emperor says tha Japan is in urgent need of staple foods now He is much exercisec with the prospects for wintei when millions of his people wil be without clothing shelter or fuel A solution of this problem will be extremely difficult with out the sympathetic cooperation of other nations 5 Is It your Imperial majestys wish that Japan have a free press and free Interchange of news with other naifons of the world Answer His majestys reply is yes he says that this highlj desirable objective is to be achieved as rapidly as condition permit The emperor believes tha free interchange of news among nations would be the greates safeguard against internationa misunderstandings Strike Ends Valparaiso Chile strike of SOOO railway and Industrie workers called in support o striking cement factory employes ended Tuesday after the ministry of labors conciliation formula wa approved by both sides andTthe navyreported 48 war ships carrying 20000 service per sonnel home for discharge were scheduled to leave Pearl Harbor Tuesday MacArthurs statement was is sued in denial of a report Sept 21 by Ted Dealey president of the Dallas Tex Morning News Dealey had written that MacAr thur told him the occupation could end in 6 months if we are not too ruthless and cruel What he MacArthur said Tuesdays statement asserted was that occupation forces un der favorable conditions could b reduced to minimum size in i months Armed with a presidential di rective making it clear that he is the highest authority in Japan MacArthur meanwhile clamper other controls eyen more tight on Japans political and economi life NAZIS ON TRIAL IN GERM Nazi defendants on trial for crimes at the Oswiecim and Belsen concentration camps sit in prisoners dock during a session of the trial before a British military court in Lueneberg Germany Among the prisoners identified are 1 Josef Kramer called the Beast of Belsen 2 Fritz Klein 3 Peter Wemgaftner At lower left center is Maj T C Winwood defense counsel for Kramer and 3 other defendants AP wirephoto K A Engr CRUSH UPRISING IN ARGENTINE Military Government Arrests 2 Generals Buenos Aires uprising at Cordoba led by Gen Arturo Rawson and another general of Vice President Juan Perons in ner circle has been crushed and the 2 leaders are under arrest the Argentine military govern ment announced Tuesday The revolt first reported by the newspaper Notipias Graficas still brewed confusion at Cordoba however latest telephoned dis The government clamped on a tight control over all communica tions with the provincial capital 400 miles northwest of Buenos Aires and forbid all broadcasts of the news to Argentines Vice President Peron strong man of the Argentine regime said in a statement that Rawson and Gen Osvaldo Martin until 4 days ago the commander of the 4th army division at Cordoba at tempted to win over the com manders and officers to their cause Both men are to be held incommunicado until the prosecut ing judge can act the statement continued Rawson president of Argentina for 2 days in 1943 whenhe led the army revolt which ousted President Ramon S Castillo Sun day night drove to Cordoba it was learned Former Prisoner Reveals House Group Woman Guard Shot Inmates Shuns Jobless Pay Measure Lueneburjr UR A packing woman guard at the Os wiecim concentration camp shot 2 girls who tried to escape death in the gas chamber by jumping out of a window a witness testi fied before a British military court Tuesday The guard was blond Irma Grese one of 45 nazis on trial for committing the Oswiecim arid Belsen atrocities She was de scribed as throwing her wefebl arrogantly around the camps and lashing with a riding whip any woman inmate who drew ier Dora Szafran who was at both Oswiecim and Belsen testified for Jtne2nd straight day JL 22year old Polish Jewess she Trma Grese was one of a few S3 women permitted to carry arms atthe camps Miss Szafran said Irma Grese stood at a gate in the Oswiecim camp and beat prisoners when they walked by wearing the wrong shoes or stockings Asked by the prosecution for more details about Irma Greses guncarrying Miss Szafran told of her shooting2 erlrls chosen to He in the gas chamber when they tried to escape In the midst of the testimony a woman arrived outside the court room and sent in word that she was the wife of Josef Kramer No 1 defendant known as the Beast of Belsen A lawyer went out and talked with her SNIPER WARFARE ON IN BANGKOK Bangkok Siam UPJ Chinese civilians and Siamese soldiers and Washington to iberalize unemployment benefits was sidetracked Tuesday at the capitol Spreading strikes were he reason advanced The house ways and means committee voted 4 to 10 to post pone consideration of the senate police continued their sniping passed measure Hep Knutson Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy samples of the haul Two men face the lllegal transportation of liquor They are free October term of grand jury on a charge on bonds each Shown in the background at the Mason City police garaee is the car in aVir cnrrn3 AOA y Q J 13 LUC 111 iav a m ounqay near the American Crystal Sugar company directing traffic following an accident in the numbers were cut from the cases which were con amzation The origin was Rochester Minn noticed 2 coats thrown over the back seat of the car when he stopped the men George Huey and T J Bwalwan Closer inspection revealed the 10 cases in the rear seat and 6more in the trunk compartment Liquorsmugglershave had extremely poor luck in trying to get into or through Mason City the latest in f senes of liquor seizures here by alert K I A En warfare Tuesday with barricades erected around the Chinatown sector Allied military officials de clared a 7 p m curfew and the Chinatown area was declared off limits for British soldiers and the handful ot American troops in Bangkok Seven persons have been re ported killed so far and 2 British soldiers former prisoners of war were wounded seriously The 3 day battle was believed to have begun when the Siamese refused to allow the Chinese to hoist Chungking flags to celebrate the allied victory Observers pointed out however that bad feeling had existed for many years between the Siamese and the Chinese minority in Bang kok which is estimated at 20000 or about 20 per cent of the citys population There was Intermittent ma chinesun fire throughout Monday night and part of Tuesday as spor adic fighting continued in the streets Monday Siamese troops were patrolling Chinatown in armored cars They trained machineguns on the upper portions of Chinese hotels from street airraid shel ters which were constructed to do double duty as pill boxes The fighting for the most part has been hitandrun with rifle men hiding in the shadows and firing 1 or 2 shots before taking to their heels Arrest Woman Posing as Man With Boy 16 Los Angeles Or lando who posed as a man for 16 of her 36 years was up for ar raignment in juvenile court Tues day charged with contributing to the delinquency of her roommate Robert E Yarrington 16 6 times previously on impersonation charges Miss Or lando was asked by police for her draft card as Ted Jensen When she failed to produce one the masquerade was discovered The charge was changed from impersonation to contributing to delinquency when police learned Miss Orlando had traveled from Waterloo Iowa with Yarrington The boy said he had not real ized Miss Orlando was a woman FCC Reveals Error Caused Report of Mikados Abdication Washington federai communication commission said Tuesday that a translating error resulted in the report Sunday that Emperor Hirohito planned to ab dicate A new Chinese translator at FCCs Hawaii monitoring station used abdicate for ingratiate ii translating a Mandarin broadcas from Chungking an FCC olficia said Chungking subsequently denied that it had broadcast such a re port Buy your Victory Bonds and YEAR AGO Stamps from your GlobeGazette Maximum carrier boy Minimum RMinn told reporters The strike feature was the deciding factor in the vote President Truman had request ed the legislation The committee action was a major defeat for the chief executive The argument of thoge votinrf tp shelvetheTlegislatibn KhutsbK said was that with thousands of workers on strike it is impossible to tell what the unemployment situation is Chairman Doughton DW C announced the committee will be gin Wednesday writing legislation to reduce wartime tax burdens Another measure indorsed by Mr Truman met with opposition in the senate Seven members oJ the banking committee including Hickenlooper RIowa and But ler submitted a mi nority report declaring that the socalled full employment bill approved by the committee would only lead toJnflatJon followed by depression and unemployment Other big decisions faced con gress Tuesday They included Jobs The senate was all set to open its momentous debate on the socalled full employment bill which its supporters say will give America a weapon slap depres sions Senators are sure to approve the bill in some form and send it to the not without sharp debate over words and phrases Wages A senate committee opened hearings on a proposal to raise the minimum wage to 65 cents an hour President Truman says the present minimum of 40 cents is obsolete Government Moves Into Labor Rift By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS U S conciliators labor and man agement representatives gathered in Chicago Tuesday to tackle one of the major disputes on the na tional strike oil in dustry walkout Other prime developments in cluded 1 Secretary Schwellenbach de claring the time for action is short told the Chicago conferees their meeting cannot fail 2 As the nationwide otal of workers idle in strikes and shut downs hit 350000 the house ways and means committee shelved all legislation proposing liberalization of unemployment benefits 3 Chrysler Corporation andCIO united automobile workers repre sentatives In Detroit opened the first formal negotiations of the unions demand for a 30 per cent wage increase In the automobile industry The Chicago oil strike confer ence provided the first major test ot the Truman administrations postwar wage policy under a re organized labor department and strengthened conciliation service More than 30000 CIO oil and re finery workers are out in seven states in demand for a 30 per cent wage increase In Washington the ways and means committee put aside Presi dent Trumans request for liberal ized unemployment benefits by a 14 to 10 vote The strike feature was the deciding factor in the re jection Rep Knutson of Minne sota ranking ways and means re publican told reporters As the Chrysler negotiations be san the UAW was proceeding with plans to petition for a strike vote at Chrysler plants employing 80000 persons throughout Ihe country In Fairmont w Va the solid fuels administration estimated 6000 coal miners were idle in the northern part of the stateas su pervisory workers began a new effort to enforce recognition of their union a branch of the Inde pendent United Mine Workers of America The number of sitdown strikers at the closed New York Shipbuild ing Corporation in Camden N J was reduced to 5000 after gates were swung open to allow 10000 to leave Employes said the com pany rejected a CIO union request to rehire 25 men dismissed last week In western Pennsylvania 45 soft coal mines were closed and 21637 men were SFA estimated daily production loss at 108896 tons As in W5st Virginia super visors are striking for recognition of their union a UMWA branch A 5 day stoppage ended in Chat tanooga Tenn Some 900 members of he Independent Implement Workers Union of America re turned to work at International FT DODGE MAN TO TAKE OVER VON KROG POST Cooper Is Assistant Principal and Coach of Iowa High School Des Moines N Coop er 49 assistant principal and coach of Fort Dodge high school Tuesday was appointed superin tendent of the state training school for boys at Eldora D B McCreery chairman of the board of control announced Cooper will succeed O S Von Krojr who served 23 years before his recent suspension and resigna tion followinga scries of disturb ances atthe school Von Krug was one of 5 former school officials and employes indicted last week by a Hardin county grand jury on charges ranging from 2nd degree murder to conspiracy Since Von Krogs suspension Col Percy Lainson warden of the state penitentiary at Fort Madi son has been acting superinten dent at Eldora Coopers salary will be a year plus maintenance Mc Creery said The announcement was made following a lengthy conference between members of the board of control and Gpv Robert D Blue In a prepared statement in con nection with the appointment the governor V Mr Cooper brings to this im portant position unusual educa tional qualifications and experi ence and the very highest sort of recommendations The position he is taking over is one of the most difficult Some 500 boys sent to this in stitution after the school author ities the parents the local police officers andJthe community in general have failed in teaching them and obtaining from them obedienceto tfie accepted rules of the home the school and the state He is entitled to and I hope will have the sincere assistance and cooperation of both the in dividual citizens and organizations of this state in solving a difficult situation The appointment will become ef fective as soon as Cooper can ter minate his affairs at Fort Dodge Cooper has been coach at Fort Dodge since 1923 and assistant principal since 1931 He is a vet eran of the 1st World war having served in the army 26 months and won a 2nfl lieutenants commis sion while in France The new superintendent won a Recover Unidentified Body From River Homer Nebr County Sheriff Tony Goodsell said the body of an unidentified man about 35 years old was re covered from the Missouri river 6 miles east of here Monday night Goodsell said the coroner had reported that the body had been in the river about 30 days The sheriff said the man was wearing a green jacket and matching trousers khaki shirt black jsocks and black shoes He described him as 5 feet 10 inches tall and weighing about 160 pounds Harvester company agreeing to present their grievances to the company The union president said the walkout was to protest bad working conditions and unsanitary conditions In New York a large part Manhattans business life was par alyzed a second day by a strike of AFL elevator operators and build ing service men Some 15000 were out affecting an estimated 1500 000 persons employed in 2015 of fice and loft buildings The strike which did not in volve hotels and apartment houses was called in protest against a war labor board ruling on wages and hours Weather Report FORECAST aiason City Fair Tuesday and Wednesday No decided change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy west most ly cloudy east portion with oc casional light rain southeast portion Tuesday Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Little change in temperature Minnesota Clear and cool with scattered light frosts Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudy and a little warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday g8 Minimum Monday 40 At 8 a m Tuesday 45 REROUTE SHIPS TO MISS CANAL tondon British minis try ot war transport announced Tuesday that ships from New Zealand and Australia had been rerouted to avoid the Panama ca nal where tolls must be paid in dollars The ministry said ships from New Zealand would be sent gener ally around Cape Horn although some would travel through the Suez canal Australian coal burners will be sent around the Cape of Good Hope and oil burners will go through Suez masters degree in administration from the University Iowa fol lowing receipt of his bachelors degree from the College of the City of Detroit Cooper formerly served as pres ident of the Iowa Athletic Coaches association 3 years and is a former vice president of the Iowa Phy sical Education Instructors ciatiori He is vice commander ot the Iowa American Legions 8th district Cooper is married and has 3 children the eldest of whom is Fred Cooper now serving in the navy The appointee was born in De troit and received his early educa tion there Following graduation from high school in Detroit he spent 1 year at the Michigan mil itary academy at Brighton then entered the University of Michi gan but shortly afterward he en listed in the army Following his war service Coop er attended the American gymna sium union at Indianapolis from which he was graduated in 1923 g8 45 It Isnt Loss of Radio But Mess in Bathroom That Angers Woman Salt Lake City her portable radio wasnt the only rea son burglars roused the ire of Mrs Grace Irvine She reported to police that the burglars also left her bathroom in a deplorable condition They not only misplaced a bottle of cologne but they left a ring in the bathtub FRED N COOPEK Superintendent Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy n ;