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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 25, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOLL Associated frtsm and United Pran Nazis Hard Put for Arms and Armor Note Further observations on Normandy are disclosed in he following which was delayed in reaching the GlobeGazette By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 25 Somewhere in N o r ra a n d Army Bomber Transit How hard put Germany arms and armor even on DDay was made evident to me today when I visited an army motor vehicle storage park not far from the beach heads where Americans made their initial landings One tract a p p roximately 5 acres at the giant establish ment was given over to the ve hides and field pieces captured from the nazis They ranged from field rifles up to 45 ton panzer tanks And what a motley collection it was While most of the guns and vehicles were of German make there was a considerable repre sentation of products from Bel gium France PolandCzechoSlo vakia and even England Some of the equipment had the appearance of having been on hand since the fall of France and the evacuation of the British at Dunkirk The French tanks in the smallness of their guns and the thinness of their armor are in sor ry contrast with tanks in use to day by both the Germans and the allies On at least 2 of the captured field rifles were pictures serving a purpose like the notches on the revolver of an early day badman in America These pictures were of the allied tanks supposed to have been destroyed by their crews and presumably on the Russian front v AU of the captured craft in the large field have been stenciled in large letters Property of UJS Army Across the front of one Mark IV tank in still bigger let ters was this work AmericanVwag BERLIN of real notable that German manjifacturedtrucks and tanks were far more warworthy than those taken from the occupied countries In fact and this was an observation by Lt J R Armen trout of Anaheim Cal who di rected our inspection the German vehicles compare most favorably with Americas best Its our mass production rather than superior quality of our me chanized weapons thats winning this war he asserted Appropriately enough German prisoners in considerable numbers are engaged in road workunder adequate guard in the immediate vicinity of the captured nazi wea pons Are you sure this work isnt for the benefit of the French they ask when theyre assigned to a job When amply assured that its strictly an American project they turn in with sledges picks and shovels and do a job compar able with a like number of our own G I workers For a half hour I stood by and watched them If theres any sad ness in their hearts over their fate it doesnt reveal itself in their behavior They laugh and joke Some of them appear to be no older than 15 others are near ly 50 Under the Geneva convention they draw pay according to their is far fore than they received when facing death for they are fed regular army rations Theres no Sunday work for under the Geneva convention pact Enroute from this ordnance parking area we passed a Ger man burying grounds containing 6000 bodies German prisoners were doing the the graves leveling the ground erect ing and painting the crosses Our nest stop was at an ammu nition depot where we saw the immensity of this not much pub licized side of the war Its an or ganizational problem of tremen dous dimensions The technique for maintaining maximum safety while tance of the ammunition from ships to battlezones short of amazing expediting the transmit is nothing Last on our days schedule was a leisurely jaunt by army recon naissance car the length of one of the beaches where history was made on the morning of June 6 The craterpocked countryside and wreckage which still litters the beach area stand as reminders that our boys won against heavy odds Congressmen and Editors in Scotland Note The following is a re Brint from the Glasgow Evening News in a column entitled Talk of the Town The term Chiels is in the Scotch idiom consid ered term of endearment at Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 23 ThSjPmpd ConsiiU of Two MORE WEDGES ENTER NO MS Principal James Rae 65 Dies Suddenly v A i j j COMPLETED 26 YEARS SERVING LOCAL SCHOOLS Educator Had Been in Apparent Good Health Is Heart Attack Victim James Rae 65 who completed 26 years of service in the Mason City public schools last June as principal of the high school and director of the Mason City junior college died early Monday morn ing from a heart attack at his residence at the Allen F Beck home 24 llth N E Mr Rae had been in apparent good health until his death having listened to the news report over the radio Sunday night with Mr Beck before retiring Wheu World war I was at its height Mr Rae came to Mason City to take over the principal ship of both the high school and junior college He had seen much progress In the school system since that time and a great deal of credit for the progress of the high school and the college is credited to his vision and untiring efforts in the educational field Only 729 students were regis tered in the high school the first year Mr Rae was here 191718 and only 36 were in the junior college which was then in its first year It is the oldest junior college in the state His first year here also marked the opening of the present high school building During his administration Mr Rae had seen many changes caused by increased enrollment and saw the instrumental and vocal departaente winnational recognition and the athletic teams win wide recognition Principal Rael was born on a farm near Dow City Iowa Nov 17 187E He lived on the farm until he had finished his grade school education at Dow City He was graduated from Simpson col lege Indianola with the class of 1903 After 2 years of teaching in the Jeffersori high school he went to Vinton where he was prin cipal for 5 years He spent 3 years as principal of the high school at Iowa City and then moved to Great Falls Mont where he spent 5 years Daring the summers of 1908 and 19D9 Mr Rae took graduate work at Iowa university and in 1918 at Chicago university In 1911 while at Iowa City he was married to Miss Helen McLane One son was born to them Mr Rae was preceded in death by his wife a number of years ago He is survived by his son Wil liam at Des Moines After coming to Mason City Mr Rae took an active part in various statewide educational organiza tionsHe was the first president of the Secondary School Principals association of the Iowa State Teachers association a member of the executive committee as well as past president of the North Central Division of the state as least so the men referred to in the column were assnred by the writer setting off for a river to inspect Glasgow Chiels amang us takin notes today are 2 Ameri can congressmen Karl Mundt of South Dakota and James P Richards demo of South Carolina Over here on a tour organized by M O I they are accom panied by W Earl Hall editor of the Mason City GlobeGazette and Fred C Christopherson edi tor of the Sioux Falls Argus Leader When I met them they were sail down the the shipyards and later to visit a West of Scot land engineering works They wakened so late in their hotel this morning that they had to skip were quite willing to be chaffed on this ex ample of American efficiency Boisterous friendly they en gaged in nonstop volleys of wise cracks in which the republican democrat rivalry was much in evidence Congressmen and editors have all been in London to which they return tonight They describe the flyingbombs they experienced as rather dangerous playthings The 2 editors claim to have been the first Americans in ci vilian clothes to enter Paris after the liberation Impressions surprise at the small amount of damage done by bombing and dislike of the way the youngsters aged about 1517 prowled about the city imitating Maquis and discharging firearms captured from the PRINCIPAL JAMES RAE sociation and also president of the Iowa State Teachers association He was vice president of the North Central association of Col leges and Secondary Schools vice chairman of the Secondary Com mission of the North Central as sociation and chairman of the Iowa committee of the North Central Association of Colleges and Sec ondary Schools s Mr Rae was also a life member of the National Education associa tion the membership being a gift of his faculty some years ago In addition he was a member of the board of directors of the Mason City Chamber of Commerce and chairman of the committee on meetings and was a former presi dent ana charter member and for many years secretary of the Kiwanjs club A member of the Maspnicprderj Blue lpdge ch aptesr and cominand ery and the Eastern Star Mr Rae a past secretary of Hard ing lodge He wasalso a member of the Knights of Pythias at one time In 1935 Mr Rae was appointed as consultant ex officio for Educa tional Policies commission Wash ington D C And he was paid tribute a year ago last spring by the High School P T A and the 1943 high school annual was dedi cated to him for his 25 years of faithful service to the school Funeral services are incomplete The body was taken to the Patter son funeral home FINNS PUSHING GERMANS BACK Making Slow Steady Progress Against Nazis Helsinki troops undertaking a task they once re garded as impossible were re ported making slow but steady progress Monday in their efforts to drive the Germans out of northern Finland and fulfill the terms of an armistice with Rus sia which this country has re ceived with mingled hope and fear A Finnish communique Sunday declared the Finns had occupied part of Suomnssalmi in northeast ern Finland and were approach ing Pnolanka after overcoming mines demolitions and roaa blocks set up by the retreating nazis A dispatch from Stockholm a Swedish Sunday night quoted newspaper correspondent as say mg the Finnish high command was hopeful of completing the job of ousting the Germans within 4 weeks without any help from the Russians Meanwhile advance elements of the soviet armistice commis sion already are quartered in one of Helsinkis finest hotels and the Finns are waiting to see what the armistice terms will mean in practice Although the Finns have now signed an armistice with Russia Great would be ignoring the facts to say that by this act they have lost their his torical fear of the Russians For several years they have kept largely in ignorance of the nature of the war against Germany as a result of censorship During this time they have fought bravely and well against an en emy whom rightly or wrongly they believed would strip them of their independence Now they appear to want only to fulfill the terms of the armi stice and to live their own lives In this desire they look not only to Russia but to Great Britain and America for understanding Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlebeGazette carrier boy PUSH THROUGH FUTA PASS Yanks 12 Miles From BolognaRimini Road Rome UPJ American troops drove through Futa Pass Monday to Castel Del Rio 12 miles from the BolognaRimini highway pav ing the way for a junction with the British 8th army fanning up the Po valley along the Adriatic coast The U S 5th army troops an nounced officially to have de stroyed in 9 days a defense line which took the Germans 9 months to Hiowere furthest north of anyallied troops in Italy Advancing northeast of the im portant road junction of Firen buola Xt Gen Mark W Clarks men were in an unaccustomed position of fighting downhill in stead of up and had before them clear access across the eastern slope of the Apennines into the Po valley Plunging through the Gothic line at Futa Pass strongest Ger man position in all Italy and one they thought was impregnable the Americans were reported Sun day to have been 15 miles from Bologna greatest city of the rich Po valley Mondays report did not pin point the advance but merely disclosed that the Americans were 12 miles from the BolognaRimini highway and within 21 miles of Bologna at their most forward stabilized positions Official sources explained that Sundays report that the the Americans were within 15 miles of Bologna was based on forwar reconnais sance elements who came that near to Bologna on Saturday on patrol and then retired 14 Trapped 10 Days in Silver Mine Rescued Guanajuato Mexico teen workers trapped inside a sil ver mine for 10 days were rescued Sunday Some of them said they ate part of their belts and other clothing to remain alive They had water to drink but nearly all of them were so weak they had to be carried out They were trapped when a boulder blocked their exit during heavy rains Sept 14 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued cool Monday night and Tuesday Iowa Mostly fair with rather warm days and cool nights Mon day and Tuesday moderate winds Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday and Tuesday scattered north portion Monday night frost night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 60 Minimum Sunday night 46 At 8 a m Monday 49 YEAR AGO Maximum gg Minimum 31 58 39 44 Rain Saturday a m 03 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 67 Minimum 44 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday Jap Naval Forces Driven to New Bases by Victorious Carrier Raids on Manila RUSSIANS PUSH DEEP INTO LAST OF SATELLITES Drive to Eliminate Hungary Slovakia From European War By ROBERT S MUSEL London Russian invasion armies were reported driving deep into Hungary and Slovakia Monday in a gigantic 2 way offensive to eliminate Ger manys2 remaining satellites from the war1 At the same time soviet forces In the north pressed a battle of annihilation against the routed remnants of the German army in Estonia and breached the inner defenses of Riga capital and chief seaport of Latvia A Swedish broadcast recorded by London radio monitors said an Estonian national committee had proclaimed the formation of an independent government fol lowing the liberation of Tallinn last Thursday and demanded both the withdrawal of German troops from the country and soviet rec pgnition of their independence WuBi of the invasion btHunr gary Rdmanfah high commandannouncement that a combined Russian Romanian army broke across the frontier 115 milesfrom Budapest after a 9 mile advance northwest from the captured Romanian railway town of Arad Moscows early morning war bulletin did not confirm the Bu charest announcement but round about Turkish reports said the invaders captured Battonya 12 miles northwest of Arad and 3 miles inside Hungary A Moscow broadcast tacitly confirmed the drive into Slova kia reporting that Gen Ivan Y Petrovs 4th Ukrainian army reached the southern slopes of the Breskid mountains in a drive southwest of the Polish border town of Sanok The soviet spear heads apparently were aimed at Humenne 25 miles inside the bor der and the same distance from Hungarys northeastern frontier Turkish reports relayed by BBC said the fastrolling red army of fensives touched off riotous peace demonstrations and strikes in Hungary and the German Trans ocean news agency said all 250 000 German nationals in theTran sylvanian border regions had been evacuated in the path of the in vaders On the Baltic front soviet forces threw an armored wedge across the last escape corridor open to the nazis in Estonia and captured one of the enemys 3 remaining seaports on the Estonian coast Russian flyers bombed and strafed the cornered Germans merciless ly and sank 5 troopladen trans ports off the Latvian coast run ning to 16 the number of enemy evacuation ships destroyed in the nazis disastrous Dunkirk attempt More than 600 Estonian and Lat vian towns and villages fell into Russian hands Sunday as 3 soviet armies herded the beaten Ger mans westward toward the Baltic coast along a 200mile front TJ S Pacific Fleet Headquar ters Pearl Harbor IP Raking U S carrier plane raids on the Philippines which the Tokyo radio reported were continuing Sunday have driven Nipponese naval forces to new bases and broken the island air force Adm Chester W Nimilz announced He said Sunday night American flyers smashed the Manila area for the 2nd consecutive day Sept 21 U S destroying or damaging 200 Japanese airplanes sinking 29 more ships in Manila bay damaging 20 sinking or dam aging 16 small craft Japanese broadcasts said with out American confirmation that a 3rd successive days assaults were launched against Manila Friday U S time and that the attacks continued Saturday with blows against southern Luzon and the central Philippines Planes from the huge attacking fleet have destroyed 906 Japanese aircraft and sunk or damaged 149 ships since they first hit the Phil ippircs Sept 8 with an attackon Mindanao Raids were staged on the central islands Sept 11 12 13 Then the audacious airmen came back to hit Manila Sept 2021 The operations of the 3rd fleet said Nimitz in his com munique have forced the enemy to withdraw his naval forces from their former anchorages in the Philippines and to seek new ref uges in the same general area have disrupted interisland com munications andhave broken Ms airforce in the Philippines operations of the 5th fleetbroke the enemy carrierrbased airforce in the battle of the Philippine sea Warships guarding the bitterly resisted invasion of Feleliu island in the Falau group frustrated a Japanese attempt to reinforce their garrison Saturday KUnitz also reported A convoy of 13 barges and a motor sampan filled with men and equipment was destroyed Only a few of the enemy are believed to have es caped At the same time an American cruiser stood off Malakal harbor finest of the islands and shelled 2 previously bombdamaged Japa nese ships Malakal harbor lies southward of Koror island in the heart of Japans Singapore The first division U S marines made small new gains on both flanks of bloody Pelelin Soldiers of the 81st army division con tinued mopping up on Angaur is land 6 miles southward Returning for their Thursday attack on Manila the American raiders found lessened Japanese aerial resistance and a harbor surprisingly full of ships In aerial combats they downed 59 planes against 110 the previous day But their shipping bag was nearly doublethe 11 sunk and 26 damaged on Sept 20 Nimitz issued this box score of Japanese losses Sept 2021 Ships Small craft Ships probably Ships Small craft Floating drydocks Aircraft destroyed in 169 Aircraft destroyed on the ground Planes damaged on the ground Planes damaged by ships gun Blast Nazi Rail Yards to West Front London of 2000 American heavy bombers and fighters struck crashing blows Monday at 5 railyards supplying the western front and the big chemical and synthetic oil works at Ludwigshafen The force including 1300 Fly ing Fortresses and Liberators bombed one rail junction at Lud wigshafen and 2 each at Frank furt and Siegfried line supply depots on the Rhine Nine bombers and 3 fighters were lost to ground fire No enemy planes were encountered About 300 British heavy bomb ers dumped more than 1120 tons of explosives on besieged Calais in an hourlong attack Explosions resounded across the channel Frankfurt Germanys 10th larg est city of 547000 lies on the Main a Tributary of the Rhine 115 miles eastof the Luxembourg town of Diekirch where Americans are locked in heavy battle at the Siegfried line Coblenz at the confluence of the Rhine and Moselle lies a bare 50 miles from advanced allied troops striking from Belgium through the frontier fortifications Ludwigshafen farther down the Hhine is less than 100 miles from Metz where other Americans are engaged in battle It is a chemical center and has been bombed fre quently Coblenz and Ludwigshafen both are nerve centers and Nodal com munication hubs for the Siegfried line Frankfurt is one of the reichs greatest industrial centers and arsenals The U S 8th air force an nouncing the attacks said clouds obscured all objectives Bombing was done by special instruments Convoying Mustangs and Thun derbolts from Britain were joined by lightnings and otherMustangs rising from FrencK bases Tremendous explosions echoed across the channel Monday from Calais indicating that heavy bombers were battering the sur rounded andlong passed German garrison there Well over 4000 tons were thrown on the Germans last week in the French city of 68000 which is 21 miles southeast of Dover The explosions resounded soon after 3 separate waves of RAF heavy Halifax and Lancaster bombers crossed the straits The Germans said the western reich was again under attack Frenchbased V S Thunder bolts were called in to help break up aformation of 100 nazi tanks blocking Lt Gen George Pattons 3rd army in the Nancy area Two low level attacks scattered the tanks into woods where they were strafed and bombed Eight RAF bombers were lost in Calais action Sunday night main ly to flak American Fortresses and Liber ators from Italy destroyed large numbers of huge German Junkers 52 transport planes intended to evacuate military personnel from Greece in attacks on 3 airdromes Sunday near Athens reconnais sance photographs shower A 500ton submarine was sunk at the Skaramanga Uboat pens 10 miles north of the Greek port of Piraeus Two merchant ships were hit Nelson Optimistic on Boosting China Output Washington produc tion board Chairman Donald M Nelson was back Monday from a special white house mission to China optimistic about prospects of boosting Chinas industrial role in the war against Japan but si lent about his future status in the WPB force was definitely after receiving limited trapped brighter1 assistance from the rescue col umn A firm junction between the two forces still has NOT been made however supreme h e a d quarters said Front dispatches have said the relief column was so close that it began providing artillery support for the ringed troops 4 days ago The Polish troops who estab lished the first contact brought at least a message of hope to the trapped men The morale of the surrounded force is high it was said offi cially This fact also was made clear by front accounts which told how the British sky soldiers not only were defending their po sition with the light weapons they brought with them into Hol land but were dealing the Ger mans heavy blows As the battle raged at the northern end of the thin allied salient in the Netherlands Ameri can troops under the British 2nd army command captured the vil lage of Beek 3 miles southeast of NUmegen and were reported to fighting inside Germany hi that area Available maps show Beek as a Dutch town located about a mile from the frontier This advance would put the Americans on the main road into the Rhineland headed for the German city of Kleve reputed to ALLIES SMASH NAZI SIEGE OF ARNHEM ARMY Limited Received by Airborne Force by Rescue Troops London new British and American wedges have thrust across the German border in a direct drive on the Siegfried an chor of Kleve it was disclosed Monday The threatened sweep into the Ruhr Germanys north ern industrial area was gathering breadth and force At the same time the British 2nd army thrust more across the upper branch of the Rhine near Arnhem where British airborne Red Devils had written a new epic in a heroic 8 day stand and began building up the hard won foothold on the north bank on the left of the 2 new wedges On the right of the Kleve pointed wedges the British with airborne reinforcements were fighting on a 13 mile front from Deurne east of Eindhoven to near Volkel to the north in an area only about 16 miles from the Ger man frontier As confidence bounded that the British parachutists at Amhem would hold until even more sub stantial links were forged to ex ploit their bridgehead for a sweep into the northern reich Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers head quarters broadcast to 12000000 foreign workers in Germany that the hour for action has come Arms for such action have now been provided inside Germany it was announced and those work ers without arms were advised to seek safe places of hiding until the means of resistance are pro vided Supreme headquarters nounced that troops were engaging f the Germans in the reichswald huge forested area whose edge at s the Dutch border is only 6 miles from the Kleve anchor Front line i reports said these troops were British tank forces j Front line reports said Ameri can parachutists attached to the British 2nd army had taken Beek Dutch border village 3 miles V southeast of Nijmegen and only about 8 miles northwest of Kleve and these troops too were fight ing in Germany Beek is 5 or 6 miles north of where the entry into the reichswald apparently was made To the west of the British cor ridor driven to Arnhem Canadi ans and British advanced 10 miles on a 30 mile front to theAntwerp Turnhout canal seized a bridge head across the canal about 8 miles northeast of Antwerp and entered Turnhout about 25 miles northeast of Antwerp The Germans said new airborne forces had been dropped south of SHertogenbosch ahead of this drive threatening to cut off Ger mans retreating in western Hol land by a squeeze to the Ifcsel Meer Zuider 7ee At the same time Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers communique an nounced that Polish reinforce ments from the British 2nd army had slipped across the upper branch of the Rhine at Arnhem by night and bolstered the hard pressed but stouthearted British airborne division which had fought alone for a week in the middle of counterattacking Ger mans Supreme headquarters said Sunday night the position of the ;