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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 25, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 25, 1943, Mason City, Iowa InJ NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HITLVJY AJO MC v 3 I K J i A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION TlUilJ I1 f d r VOL xux ASSOCIATED PBES3 AND WCTTED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 25 1943 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 301 REDS CAPTURE SMOLENSK 5th Army Captures Hills Overlooking Naples 19 German Transport Planes Trying to Flee Corsica Are Shot Down By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters in North Africa AP Lt Gen Mark W Clarks American 5th army has fought its way on to hills looking down on theviOain of Naples in a furious day and night offensive supported by heavyartillery barrages and resisted by Ger man tanks as well as strong emplacements allied headquar1 ters stated Saturday Meanwhile allied fighters shot down 19 Junkers52 trans ports in another sweep against the hardpressed enemys air evacuation movement from Cor sica where French patriots and regulars and American Rangers were pressing him into a tight corner At least 10 more of the evacua tion planes were damaged in the great air battle off historic Elba in which RAF bcaufighters laid siege to the Germanheld tip of the island and trapped the nazi air fleets just as they did off Tunisia and Sicily The planes were crowded with technicians and key nien Allied reports said 2 of the 7 other air transports shot down the day before had 100 men crammed into them Struggling forward over terrali so difficult that pack mules were used extensively to carry up guns and ammunition General Clarks gained a foothold on trie top ofmountainsextending from Ve suvius and Pompei in their drive on Naples Reports from the front said the whole rugged mountain area north and northeast of Salerno was brilliantly lighted through out the nisht by the flashes of a terrific artillery duel between hundreds of allied and German suns Clark who appeared to have been swinging somewhat east ward from his previous hard course due north ot Salerno in a drive to outflank Naples now seemed to be thrusting forward with Vesuvius as a beacon and a breakthrough in the mountain area appeared time possible at any nans apparently meant airborne roops On last island barrier to allied thrusts up to the era of Genoa or southern Germans appeared about to play out their last hand W An even more impressive toll vas taken of German forces at empting to evacuate from the is and Friday than on the day be fore when 7 air transports were shot down The 19 shot down Friday were reported crammed with troops In addition Mitchell bombers scored hits on 1 enemy transport hit another vessel sank a barge load ed with machinery and damageo tug in attacks on the sea route of escape from Corsica The Germans already had been routed from most strong points in Corsica and the desperateness of their situation was indicated by the risking precious aircraft to try to get the troops out The beauJighters sighted flu nazitransportsin groupanging up to 14 or more and raced in r for the kill The troopladen planes were caught like so many sheep ant were sent flaming into the sea In contra the violent day and night f IE on the 5th armys front the British 8th army of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery marched unhind ered farther inland as well as aione the Adriatic and pushed beyond Altaniura whose cap ture was announced Friday German efforts to supply an reinforce the large force resistin the 5th army was hampered great ly by the steady bombing an strafing of highways bridges an railroads all the way from the vi cinity ot the battleground to Pisa The spokesman said the tempo of the battle will increase tre mendously once the allies drive the enemy on to the plains below An indication that the Germans despaired of ever being able to establish a strong defensive line across the whole Italian peninsula which would enable themto retain possession of Naples was seen in the fact that the British 8th army advanced 15 miles up the Adriatic coast from Bari to the outskirts of the town of Molfctta without encountering enemy resistance The advance of the 5th army officially described as several miles put allied forces astride several crossroads north and northeast of Salerno Very heavy have been inflicted on the enemy since the 5th armys bigscale assault toward Naples began official re ports said and it was stated that the 5th army had captured 2000 German prisoners since the land ing at Salerno on Sept 9 and the bag of captive1was growing con stantly American and British losses in the offensive have been compara tively light it was said London dispatches reporting German broadcasts said the nazis were putting out further alarms of imminent allied landings in Italy either on the Adriatic or Tyrrhenian coasts They also began a new propa campaign concerning allied losses declaring that American and British casualties in the Sa lerno landing alone were 20000 The broadcasts estimated the allied forces in the Salerno area at 16 British and 3 American in fantry divisions 2 British bri gcjdcs 1 Amcricar invasion di vision 2 British divi sions 2 British armored divisions and 1 American armored division total of 26 divisions amount ing perhaps to 440000 men By invasion divisions the photo Kavenay rrtgravinf THEY HAD THEMSELVES A Ronald Swain 3 right and Carl Swain 11 left sons of Mr and Mrs Swain 2211 23rd street southwest have decided to j give up the golden west until they have finished school And their pal Deputy Sheriff Cal center is the one vho helped them come to this ALUED TROOPS TAKE AIRFIELD IN FINSCHHAFEN Australians Reported to Be Less Than Mile From New Guinea Town Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific air field at Finschhafen has been wrested from the Japanese giv ing Gen Douglas MacArthur a New Guinea base for his planes onclusion The boys had been missing rom their home since the night of Aug 2 when they left with a neighbor Evelyn Young 15 niece of Mrs George Grosser 2232 22nd street southwest She is still miss ng but the boys returned to Mason City Saturday with Deputy Sheriff Dwan and will start school Monday They had already been en rolled in school at Pendleton Ore when Sheriff R E Goad finally found them and notified local authorities he bad them in bat they had been well br UwIHWPIe iPendletan after the boys bad left waiting at a circus there hr Miss who failed to return This is what Deputy Slierifi Dwan found out when he arrived at Pendleton for the boys The trio had left Mason City shortly after 10 oclock the night of Aug 2 They had hitchhiked to Poca tello Idaho stopping at cabins at night At Pocatello they me another hitchhiker who said his name was Bert Champaign De troit Mich Champaign showed the others how to ride the freights and the 4 reached Pendleton Ore that vay At Pendleton the boys were eft at the circus and no word las been received from either Miss Young or Champaign The boys then went to work in a wholesale fruit house sweep ing floors There they were found by Sue DuFois welfare worker of Pendleton and taken before civic organizations when told they were destitute and without a home A Catholic priest helped them and the boys were fed and clothed a AeaUht Jzachfjo of Pendleton opened his home ttliic boys and storied them to school They were given bicycles and he had started to take out adoption papers for the boys when they decided to leave Pendleton for California Sheriff Goad stopped this and found out at that time the real names ot the boys Now they are back in Mason City to complete their schooling so that they can get better jobs later Cal and the boys had a good trip home where the boys parents and the little brother Harlan 8 who was too sleepy to go along with the boys the night they left and their little sister have been anxiously awaiting them far north of Rome This hammering may compe he Germans to retreat rapidly Newly arrived American libera ors dropped high explosives on the railroad yards at Pisa while during the night RAF and royal Canadian Wellingtons dropped 4 000pound blockbusters on ship ping in Leghorn harbor which is Deing used to get Germans out of Bastia Corsica 25 BOYS AND 3 IRLS ARRESTED Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 4 Over 18 Charged With Disturbing Peace Des Moiiies Twentyfive ligh school boys and 3 girls were irrested Friday night during a lolice effort to disperse several lundred students who came iowntown after a football game between East and Dowling high chools which ended in a 1919 tie Inspector L L Ecklund and Capt C A Dunagan who were n charge of the police station at the time declined to discuss whal caused the trouble Around the station the report was circulated that a policeman had been kicked and pushed by 1 of the students Three squad cars and several motorcycle policemen were sent to the scene after the patrolman on the beat in the area called for a riot squad Assistant County Attorney A T Renda said charges of disturbing the peace were being filed against 2 boys and 2 girls over IS years old All others under 18 were held by juvenile authorities but police planned to release them to their parents CHILDS STOMACH INVERT Helen Primus 2 weeks old Des Molnes girl slept in an oxygen tent ovrrniehl at Childrens hospital Buffalo N T while enroute by Diane to Fall River Mass where an op eration to rectify her down stomach will be per formed Says Russia Has Freedom of Worship Moscow Complete free dom of worship now exists in soviet Russia and probably will continue after the war the Arch bishop of York visiting the Rus sian orthodox church heirarchy told a press conference Friday I believe he said that the government feels the people ol Russia are a religious people and that the Russian church is earn estly throwing itself into this in ternational The British primate 2nd high est in the Church of England Tdded The church is playing a great part in the national life and Pre mier Stalin as a great statesman las recognized this fact He expressed disbelief that the present raproachement between church and state after a rift of 25 years was being exploited by the state as part of the soviet war effort I believe7 he said that this freedom will exist after the war 75 miles from the enemys stra tegically important bastion ot New Britain Australians landed from the sea in the face of mortar and inachiiiegun fire 6 miles north of Fiuschhitfeii Wednesday captured the field and now are within of a mile of the town headquarters reported Satur day The impending c a p lure of Finschhafen would add iO more miles of between Finschhafen and the New Guinea coastal region under allied control From Finschhafens airfield un serviceable recently to the Japa nese because of allied air pound ings it is an 85 mile flight to the enemy airdrome of Cape Glouces ter and 165 miles to the Gasmata qirdiprne vNew Britain bases t h eway uRr thatMSresf centshaped island Rabaul a stronghold with three airdromes and a harbor capable of accom modating a good sized fleet Capture ol the Salamaua air drome Sept 11 and the Lae air base Sept 16 has been followed quickly by increased fighter and attack plane over New 3rilain V Saturdays communique re ported that fighters identified by a spokesman as FtOs dive bombed installations on the tiny island of Gasmata Beauforts medium bombers set supply dumps afire nnd exploded mmunition in the Kimbe bay re gion which is 150 miles from Ra baul and slightly more than 250 miles from LaeSalamaua Long range fighters previously have moved into this sector In other air activity reported Saturday Mitchells swung inland along the Markham valley be yond positions seized by para troopers Sept 5 The bombers dropped many tons ot explosives and fired 41000 rounds of ammu nition at Japanese trying a back door escape from the debacle at Lae The Mitchells roamed as far as Fagitsunria 80 miles northwest of Lae without spotting an enemy plane Hull Eden Probably to Go to Moscow Washington of State Hull Foreign Secretary An thony Eden and Foreign Commis sar Vyacheslav Molotov probably will meet soon in Moscow in search of an AmericaiiBritish Soviet agreement on war objec tives and postwar collaboration Secretary Hulls delegation is likely to include Averell Har riman lendlease expediter at London as new American am bassador to Moscow Admiral William H Staiulley retiring ambassador conferred Saturday with jiull in the pres ence of Harriman as well as James C Dunn state department political adviser and H Free man Matthews chief of Ihc Eur opean division While Stnudley declined to dis cuss his plans it is known tlia he is not going back to Moscow having told Mololov of this de cision before he left there Hull interrupted his conference with SUindley after 40 minutes of discussion to consult with President Roosevelt indicating that possibly an urgent decision was being made on his mission to Moscov The secretary hirrtSelf is expected to rnnke the trip since great importance is attached to it at Moscow as well as in Wash ington and London Previously Hull has shied away from air travel Car Lands in Tree Top Driver Steps Out Dies of Fall PittsburR Cal auto mobile failed to make a curve clashed over an embankment and landed in a tree top First Lt Donald P Blake of San Francisco evidently dazed but otherwise unhurt didnt re alize his car was perched J5 feet off the ground and stepped out He died Friday of injuries re Iceived in the fall Russians Separated From Kiev Base Only by Breadth of Dnieper BULLETIN Moscow urmy units were reported fleeing from Kiev Saturday night as the red army smashed into the suburbs of the Ukraine capital on the east bank of the Dnieper river and battled for crossings north and south of he city London among Europes most heavily fortified cities and backbone of German central Russian de fenses fell tosoviet forces Saturday in one ot the greatest victories of the Russian war Moscow announced Saturday night Roslavl 65 miles southeast of Smolensk on the Desna river defense line also hart alien lo the smashing Russian st acks the announcement said The victory of Smolensks re capture after German forces there had menaced Moscow for more than 2 years was an nounced in a special order of the day by Premier marshal Joseph Stalin Marshal Stalins announcement said the great fortress had been taken in stiff battles in direct contrast to an earlier Berlin an nouncement that nayi forces had evacuated the city after demolish ing its war installations Stalins announcement termed Smolensk the most important trategic center ot German de enses in the western direction H termed Roslavlwhere it said defenses broke after 2 days of fierce engagements an im portant junction of communica lions and a powerful strongpoint ot German defenses Col Ernest von Hammer iiazl jat isonjy about year younger than Hull appeared in excellent health anc said that the airplane trip which he had just made from the soviet capital was without hardship A sincere Russian desire for postwar collaboration with the United States and Great Britain has been reported to the state de partment Details of that collab oration and Russias position in postwar Europe are to be dis cussed in the Moscow conference which is expected to be prelimi nary to a meeting later this year of President Roosevelt with Pre mier Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill RUSSIANS REACH Russian troops are reported to liave readied the Dnieper river in force with a drive through an area near Dnepropetrovsk So viet forces were within t or I miles of Dnepropetrovsk at some places Arrows indicate Russian drives along the front Greek Patriots Fight Nazi Reign of Terror Cairo sources said Saturday that many Germans were being found slain in Mcs senia province as Greek patriots fought a reign of terror instigated by the nazis soon after they re placed Ilalian occupation troops in Greece In reprisal the Ger mans were said to be gathering hostages nnd lo have burned the villages of Aclos and Rodakino Sorryfor Picket Sets Out Free Lunch Chicago Friedman felt sorry for a picket named Ollic who has carried a sandwich sign in front of Hymans tire re capping shop for several days so he instituted free lunches Friedman refused to join the Rubber Plastic Workers union because he didnt think it coukl get him ii raise or shorter hours lie is the boss and his only em ploye he said Bui llyman wanted to help the picket anyhow lie put food on a table outside his shop A red lettered sign in the window read Free Lunch Courtesy Hyman Friedman A sign on the table read Re served for Picket FALLS TROM SCAFFOLD Cedar Rapids h n r 1 e s Stewart 47 a painter died at a hospital Friday of injuries re ceived when he fell from a scaf folding 2 Children Playing War Die in Foxhole Minneapolis 11 ycai old children died ot suffocation late Friday when the which they had used in playing caved in The victims were Mary Ellen McCall nnd George Hug Two other children who hac been digging a foxhole told po lice they tried to rescue tnei playmates but failed Rumanians Are Reported Asking Peace IMadrid Reports some clearly of German origin circu lated here Saturday that repre sentatives of theRumanian gov ernment are negotiating with al lied representatives at Ankara Turkey for an armistice The Rumanians 1st attempted the reports said to omit the Russians and negotiate only with the western powers hut failing in this agreed to meet the tripowcr representatives H There was no indication of Ihc progress of the rumored meetings nit Balkan representatives here eel that such conferences might be linked with Budapest reports if growing tension between Ru mania and Hungary over Transyl vania northern Rumanian area ceded to Hungary under axis pressure CBS recorded a London broad case of a report from Istanbul Saturday that a Bulgarian envoy s expected there soon a basis for Turkish intervention with the allies on Bulgarias be half fTiic Berlin radio reporting on axis activity in th5 Balkans said an Albanian national committee had been formed in that former kingdom lo replace the Italian government there after the trea son of Bbdoglio and the flight of the Albanian prime minister Germany il said has recognized the committee Mustafa Mcrlika Kruja an Al banian who had spent consider able lime in Italy prior to Ihc Italian invasion was named pre mier of the Itafinndominalct government in 1941 The Berlin radios reference to the flight o the Albanian prime minister pre sumably referred to him military correspondent had said earlier in a broadcast that evacua tion of Smolensk had begun 3 weeks ago Von Hammer said that the Ger mans had successfully removed all their war plants to the west while the communique declared hat they had destroyed all mili tary installations in the city fn he general front sector west of the railway junction of Unccha and south of Smolensk violent defense fighting took place and is still goiiip on the communique added H ARE DEAD IN MINE BLAST 9 Others Injured as Explosion Rips Pits fllincrsville Ia men dead Saturday and 9 others injured 1 of them serious ly as the result of an explosion that ripped through the 5th level of the Moffctt Schrader coal mine 1200 feet below the surface at nearby Forrestvillc late Friday Weeping wives and mothers saw the shattered bodies of 4 of their menfolk brought to the sur face at 10 oclock Friday night Mine officials who said there was no indication as lo the cause of the blast reported 10 other bodies still underground Seven of these were identified while 3 others literally torn lo bits by the force of the blast The German war bulletin said that nazi columns were attacking in the Lake Ladoga region in the Leningrad salient and had re pulsed soviet tanksupported counterattacks on the Murmansk sector in the far north Strong Russian attacks on Ger man bridgeheads on the eastern bank of the middle Dnieper river were hurled back with heavy tank losses the communique asserted and soviet columns operating orth of Chcrkasi were smashed was claimed The fall of Smolensk was re ardecl here as one of the most isastrous defeats suffered by iermnn forces in the current ussian offensive Berlin said Smolensks evacua on was completed early Sntur ay and that covering forces blew bridges and important croSs oads after the last German trans ort had left the city In the fl months since a badg ered red army threir hack the Germans from Stalingrad the Russians have accomplished of their task of hurling the invaders from soviet soil Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Warmer Saturday oft ernoon Saturday night am Sunday forenoon Iowa Warmer Satin day night Considerably warmer by Sun day noon linnescx Warmer with in creasing winds Saturday nigh and Sunday forenoon Nebraska Cooler extreme cast warmer Saturday night excep southeast quarter IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday fi9 Minimum Friday night 11 At 8 a in Saturday 37 Frost was recorded early Sat urtlay YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Heavy frost Hitlers steadily retreating forces lave now given up all but about 230000 of the 700000 square of soviet territory they held it the height of their successes md hold only about 3 per cent of Russias 8300000 squarem i 1 e avca Even in its easternmost penctra n at Stalingrad the Germans occupied only about 9 per cent of that vast nation Since then the red army has driven them westward 650 miles and now stands a bore lofl miles from the old Polish border An other 150mile retreat would place the Germans on the Ribbcntrop Molotov line the springboard of Hitlers invasion ot Russian on June 6 1941 The fall of Kiev nlso appeared imminent The charging red troops there were separated only hy the breadth of the Dnieper river from the enemy Mosrnw announced in its regu lar daily war bulletin The soviet communique had an nounced the capture of Korelly 7 1 FINAL 1 FINAL 1 FINAL 1 FINAL FINAL Iowa Great Lakes Army Villonova Nary N Seahawks Ohio State Pittsburgh Notre Dome ;