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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 24, 1943, Mason City, Iowa HTi NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS UNWED LFASEJJ WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 24 1943 T1HS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION uimj JL u JLTJL ju AJ A v irt JLyao rftitJt O TWO SECTIONS RUSSIAN TROOPS MASS ON DNIEPER PT Boats Sink 2 Ships Off Albania Blockade of Corsica Intensified Allied Headquarters in North Africa T h e 5th army launched a fullscale offensive against German mountain posi tions guarding the route to Naples it was announced Friday while allied motor torpedo boats slab bed into Valoria harbor on the coast of Albania and sank 2 en emy vessels The onslaught by Lt Gen Mark W Clarks American and British soldiers from their hardwon Sa lerno positions was accompanied by an intensification of the block ade of the waning German posi on the island of Corsica There RAF beau fighters sliced into German air transport forma tions engaged in evacuating the enemy forces and shot down 1 of the planes 3f The communique from Gen DwiRht D Eisenhowers head quarters said the 5th army had captured OlivetoCitra 24 miles cast of Salerno while Matera 36 miles northwest of Taranto had been captured on the Brit ish front An official announcement said Altamura 42 miles northwest of Taranto and 10 miles north of Matera also had beeii captured The drive against jjaples It alys 2nd launched after a penod of con solidation of the allied springboard and while the Germans were re ported engaged in Jargescale de molitions apparently with the idea of making the harbor instal lations useless when the allies oc cupy the city The alliedcontrol led Palermo radio in a broadcast reported Fri day to the office of war informa tion said Italians escaping from Naples reported residents of the city were battling Germans in the streets firing at the enemy from the windows of their homes or using stones if without firearms Citizens who rebel are shot without any inquiry by the Ger man officials the broadcast said Numerous Italian officers and soldiers have also been shot on grounds of D r i v i n pr northward into stronglydefended s a wtoothed Positions Clarks troops en countered heavy artillery and mortar opposition as well as mine fields and a spokesman said they were making slow progress The fighting is bitter and se vere he said The enemy obviously intends as long as to hold onto Maples possible The attack which had been in full progress from the first light of day Thursday also was sup ported strongly by artillery and mortars While Clark threw nearly his full strength into the ferocious attack the Germans were forced to concentrate almost entirely in that area and the British 8th army in the south was able to advance swiftly and almost at will The enemy has had to recon struct his whole line and put strength where it is said the spokesman The ath army has been able to advance 30 miles northward because of Gen Clarks The German communique broadcast from Berlin said strong forces had attacked at Salerno and Contursi to the southeast It de clared the Contursi attack was re pelled but admitted that the at tack still was in progress in the Salerno area Allied bombers Thursday nisht ranged into northern Italy to risa and altacked the railway yards and airfield Iht air com mand announced The daring motorboat foray to the Albanian shore marked up an allied move in a new direction against the German forces in southeastern and southern Eu rope A naval announcement said the larger of the 2 vessels sunk was laden with ammunition Shore batteries opened fire on the tor pedo boats during their retire ment causing some damage to 1 vessel but all returned to base without casualties the announcc ment said Allies Attack Route Defending Naples HEAVYATTACKS ITALIANS FIGHT ARE MADE ON 4 NAZI TROOPS IN GERMAN CITIES CITYS STREETS 5TH MEETS THE patrol of the greets an advance unit of the British St army all REDISTRIBUTE NAZI DIVISIONS Report Germans Send Many to Balkans Italy By LEO S DISHEK Jxindop rying but a major redistribution of her land fighting strength leav ing roughly 200 divisions in Rus sia and sending Ihe bulk of her remaining 100 divisions info the Balkans and Italv it was reported reliably Friday Apparently confident that the allies cannot mount an invasion of western Europe while they are busy in Italy the German Jiigrh command has left only 39 3 in Belgium 2 in Holland and 34 in be tween the fatherland and the Atlantic it ivas said German strength in Italy on the other hand now lias been in creased to 21 divisions Ifi digging in along the Po river and the re mainder battling the advancing oth and 8th armies in the area and 21 divisions have been built up in the Balkans A German division 10000 to 15000 men Illustrating how deeply 4 years of war have dug into the German staying power it was reported that only 11 divisions now are being maintained as a reserve pool in Germany and that many of the 34 divisions in France have been shi fieri southward toward north ern Italv In addition to her estimated 300 regular divisions of which only about 260 are in op fiffhl init condition Germany has ap proximately 10 socalled er satz divisions uhich are al runs from Montgomery and Clark Hold Parley By REYNOLDS PACKARD With American 5th Army Italy Gen Mark W Clark commander ot the ath army met Gen Sir Bernard I Montgorriery British8thrarmy day for the 1st tirheVince the al lies landed en the Italian main land an hour Both generals American w a r The conference was held in Clarks camouflaged office on wheels Friday morning and lasted told Anglo correspondents Ihat they had discussed coopera tion between the 2 armies in driv ing the Germans out of Italy Nazis Claim 45 Planes Destroyed in Raid on Red Submarine Base By The Associated Press i largescale raid on a Rus sian submarine base in the Arctic Sea by resulted in Germai big aii bombers battle in which 45 enemy planes were de stroyed during the course of 24 hours the German radio said Fri day Most of the destroyed planes were of American origin said the broadcast which declared no Ger man planes were lost tached to various headquarters as a reinforcements pool Other dispositions or regular di visions were reported to be 8 in Norway 1 in Denmark 6 in Fin land 2 in Chechoslovakia and 8 in Before the French and DEDICATE DRIVE TO 5TH ARMY 74 Million More for Iowa Quota Needed DCS Moines The remainder of Iowas campaign for saie of war loan drive will be dedicated to Lt Gen Mark Clarks heroic men of the 5th army those in charge of the campaign said Fri day A new slogan also has been adopted It is Lets pave the road to Rome with war bonds Leaders of the campaign urged residents to buy bonds for the fearless 5th army and make up the remaining of the goal The drive ends next Wed nesday Having sold 64 per cent of its quota Iowa ranked 25th in the nation Thursday a tabulation of the federal reserve bank in Chi cago showed A bright spot in the campaign Fridaywas a report from Clay county showing sales of 120 against quota of S916000 Stores closed and houseto house canvass was made Another report showed Carroll county sales up to last Sunday were The Iowa womens reformatory at Rockwell City reported that in mates bought worth of bonds against a quota of Poland American landings Germany had 1 division in Corsica In ihe 8 divisions were reported to be in Jugoslavia S in Greece and 5 in Bulgaria Man for Making Defeatist Talks Yorli Pi The London radio quoting a Berlin broadca said Friday hat isl year old German workman had been defeatist ecuted making ubli Tiny Baby on 1240 Mile Mercy Flight Fall Hiver Mass eendayolri Beverly Helen Pri mus arrived at Hillsgrovc R airport in an oxygenequipped plane Friday after a 1240mile mercy flight from Des Moiiscs Iowa to have her upsidedown stomach righted lilmleiI lt Pm iuiaiJuriauan ceti CW1 ending a flight which had lers a fleet of big RAF bombers stops at Cleveland But blasted German cities Thursday rato and Albnnv V nioiit and Albany N Y V Or John M Griffin of DCS Moines administered oxv cen to the infant in as incu bator durinp the flight said that baby Beverly had stood the trip very well The baby lay on her side throughout the flight Dr Grif lin said has been on that side almost from birth to relieve pressure on her left lung He said lie infant hart not been out of an oxygen tent for more than o minutes since birth and never had been able to breathe without the aid of administered oxygen A few minutes after the civil 11patrol plane glided onto the runway an ambulance arrived The incubator containing the thv patient was transferred from the flying hospital to the ambulance and the 26 mie trip to Trucsdaie hospital started Miss Ethel Chambers a nurse who had held the incubator in her lap throughout the Ion flight also held it the ambu lance who delievered the it appeared lifeless at birth but responded to irihaiatbr treatment He discovered that he stomach was in the upper right portion of the babys body after he administered barium IhroujjH a lube The right lung he said and half of the left lung were col lapsed The baby weighed 1 pounds at birth but now only Gz At first he said the baby re ceived a half ounce ot formula at n feeding but for the past 7 days had received a full ounce Beverly was wrapped snugly in a white blanket in the incubator a small white boxlike object with a glass top through which the oxy gen was piped Persons at the air port who peered through the glass coulcl see only y small part of the babys head Nurse Chambers was delighted to get her feet on the ground aft er 10 hours of actual flying time This was my first plane ride she said And I tlioucht I would die It was bumpy from Buffalo here but it was even worse Thursday coming on from Des Motnes She said she and Dr Griffin cc pccted to return to Des Moines as soon as the baby was settled at the hospital A hospital spokesman said that the baby probably would spend at feast 2 days under observation before undergoing any operation Subs Sank 12 Destroyers and 9 Merchant Ships London Berlin radio reported Friday that German submarines had made a surprise attack on a heavily escorted allied convoy cu route o America sinking destroyers and SI mer chant ships totaling 46500 Ions The German broadcast which was recorded by the Associated Press was unconfirmed by any allied source but it recalled Prime Minister Churchills state ment in the house of commons Tuesday that an allied convoy was at that moment under at tack SEE STORY OV PAGE 2 300 School Children Help Harvest Spinach Newburyport Mas s Moved by patriotism 300 school children are spending their after noon harvesting spinach Sioux City Ordinance Backs OPA Regulations Sioux City ordinance providing for a S100 fine or 30 days in jail for violation of OPA regulations was adopted by the city council Thursday I 35 Bombers Fail to Return From Smash on Industrial Centers Uy GLADWIN HILL London their 2nd heavy blow in 24 hours against nazi in dustrial and transportation ceti heavily bombing the hvju of MannheimLudvvigshafcii hitting Darmstadt 115 miles n o r t h e a s t of Mannheim and Aachen near Cologne Thirtytwo bombers failed to cturn V V V The twill cities at the junction of the Rhine and rivers shuddered under the impact of 1500 long tons 1130 U S tons in 45 tons a minute less than the record load dumped on a sequel to the Wednesday nislit attack on Mamiover H was the 2nd big attack in less tlian 3 weeks on MannheimLud wigshafen Germanys 2nd largest inland port through which large quantities of coal and other vital supplies are transshipped to Italy Aachen hit 16 times before is n Hey railroad and highway point through which moves much ot Hitlers supplies and reinforce ments for the west wall The 3prongcd attack rounded out smashes by American flying fortresses and medium allied bombers Thursday to make the M hour raids probably the heavi est day and night operation of the war Nantes French Atlantic port was raided in daylight Thursday by the big American bombers V Intruder aircraft joining the HAFs bis numbers in Thursday nijjhts raiding swept northern France nnd Germany and shot down 4 enemy pUnes the Brit ish announced Fortifications alongr the French coast shook in explosions reminiscent of the earlier days of the war f The Vichy radio in a report not confirmed by any allied source said that American planes at tacked Paris Thursday night starling a fire in the Magasin clu Midi store It said 1 of the raiders Nazi Retreat Is One of Most Costly By DEUITT MACKENZIE Associated Iress War Analyst The great withdrawal of Hil Icrian forces on the Russian front has taken on so mucli of the na ture of a rout as to rank with Dunkerqvie as one o the pivotal crises of tlic whole war What started out as a planned withdrawal has deteriorated so rapidly under the piledriver blows of the red forces that the G e r m a n high command is now faced with the prob lem of whether was shot down The British ministry re ported enemy activity over Britain Thursday night mainly over the coastal district of eastern England Bombs were dropped but the min istry report said no damage or casualties had been reported Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Not much change in temperature Friday afternoon Friday night and Saturday forenoon Iowa Little change in tempera ture Friday night nnd Saturday forenoon Minnesota Slightly cooler Friday night nising temperature in west and north portions Satur day forenoon Scattered frost in north and cast portions Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday G7 Minimum Thursday niglil At 8 a m Friday 49 YEAR AGO Maximum f4 Minimum Precipitation Killing frost MACKENZIE the nazi armies tan reach their prepared defenses west of the Dnieper river and avert a major disaster U they do achieve that hattrick they still must look back on one of the most costly retreats of history both in men and materiel As this is written the unbeliev able red armies are almost at the line of the Dnieper at several points Theyre just about where they were 2 years ago when Hitler was smashing them back with ar rogant assurance The whole unwieldy German right wing stretching 750 miles from Smolensk in the north to the Crimea in the south is shiv ering and cracking under the fierce red assaults The Russians are close to Kiev and Smolensk strategic strongpoints in the nazi front Moscow is watching the battle for these 2 cities confidently ex pectantly Smolensk is I oE the importantcrossings oE the upper Dnieper Kiev capita of the golden Ukraine for which Hitler sold his soul to tfie devil is also a Dnieper crossing which js a life line for the haul pressed in vaders This much must be said for the German retreat Only generalship of the highest order could have preserved even the semblance of a line in face of the terrific Rus sian striking power Morale of the nazi troops also must have been steady to permit such an opera lion The question now is whether HIPOCKETS the Germans can steady them selves on the Dnieper line and hold Whether or not the hold on the Dnieper we arc witnessing the breakinR up of Hitlers power All the signs aic that the fuehrers role now is to liittlc for which he hopes may in some way enable him to maneuxer himself into a fav orable position for a negotiated peace Its a safe bet right now that he would jump at any al lied terms which would give htm a lease of life and allow him to return to his old bound aries Why Because the Ger man uar lords know they arc beaten Tliat doesnt mean hough that they arent going to fight on They are bound to continue resistance until invasion of the reich is im NAZIS DECLARE RED EFFORT TO CROSS BROKEN Germans in Danger of Losing Smolensk Central Front Citadel SUoscmr red army has the Dnieper in force and other soviet units northwest of Smolensk have reached the vil lage of Tarafeiiki only 3 miles from the border oC White Russia soviet dispatches said Friday The German high command said the Rubsians already were making heavy thrusts in efforts to cross the Dnieper but declared they were repulsed Although the German high command failed to bear out he report tic Berlin radio said the Germans also were systematic ally evacuating heavy equip ment installations and civilians from their bridgehead across the Kerch Straits in the Caucasus With lie red army only 9 miles from Smolensk after capturing Luzanova the Germans were in immediate danger of losing theii Milirary Sources Declare Smolensk Fall Is Imminent Moscow sources said Friday that Russian assault troops had virtually invested Smolensk and its fall was immi nent while to the south soviet armies were massing on the east bank of the Dnieper river at sev eral points Smolensk greatest German base on the central front if not in all of outflanked on both the north and south in a rapidly maturing squeeze plav by which the red army has driven the Germans from most ot the big towns captured this summer Army quarters expected he German garrison to flee Smolensk to escape the imminent threat of encirclement It was revealed by the forecast that the Napoleonic gateway o Moscow was about to be retaken central front citadel which they have held since the early days of their smash toward Moscow A dispatch to the army news paper Reel Star said Russian troops first reached their big ob jective through Novomoskovsk in the lower Ukraine on he upper elbow ot the river in a drive from Poltava The capture of Novomo skovsk was announced Thursday SlroiiR forces of soviet troops have arrived on the banks of tiie Dnieper a other points Kcd Star said As the Russians reached the Dnieper from Novomoskovsk the Germans threw in everythingthey had in tin attempt to halt the red army drive west of Poltava cap ture of which was the high spot one would expect for the best pence inincni Then idem to rush terms possible in an effort to avert fighting on home soil So far as the Prussian railitar isls are concerned thev wouldnt hesitate to sacrifice Hitler if it would save their own skins Their rouble is that the allies have de creed their elimination along with Hitler and his ism Therefore they loo must battle and try to find an avenue of escape Can the German people take it They will stand plenty until they realize theres no hope Then Ihe cord may snap October Draft Call Is Heaviest for Months Des Moines Although Iowas October draft call is the i heaviest in several months Brigi Gen Charles H Grnhl slate selec live service director said only a few of the slates prePearl Har bor fathers not engaged in non1 deferrable occupations will be in ducted next month He said the i lists were being combed to get everyone else first NEED 3000 WORKERS Burlington Carl Fischer pcrsonne director for the oper ators of the Iowa ordnance plant here said Friday an additional 3000 employes arc needed to maintain an increased production schedule SMASH red army was within sight at the Ukrain ian city of Kiev A and threat ened to cnstulf the great Ger man of Smolensk B and most of the southern sector be low Dnicpcropctrovsk C as U hammered the Germans back n their Dnieper river line ;