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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 23, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LV Associated Tress and United Preui Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 23 1949 This Paper Consists of Two Section No SOS Truman Tells of ABomb Blast in Russia AP Wirephoto A BUCK WILL GET YOU unidentified men look at this sign that appeared in window of this Windsor Ont store reminding shoppers that every American dol lar isworth in Canadian money under the new exchange rates which went into effect Tuesday Similar signs appeared on other store fronts in an effort to lure Detroit shoppers GOP Farm Meet Opens Party Heads Hit Brannan Support Plan Sioux City ff Republican leaders told farmers Friday that the Truman administrations Brannan farm plan was con cocted by labor politicians as a means of getting cheap food If put into effect they said the plan would put farmers at the mercyof an uncertain govern ment dole and the government dictation on production Opening a 2day farm confer erice called to get midwestern farmers ideas on future farm programs Chairman Guy G Gabrielson of the GOP national committee and Rep Hope of Kansas made the Brannan plan and its labor leader supporters their main targets Out of the conference repub licans hope to get recommenda tions that would help them re gain farmer support which in last years presidential election went to President Truman Draw Contrasts Both Gabrielson and latter ranking minority member of the house agriculture commit contrasts between Tru man administration and repub lican methods in trying to solve farmers problems of surpluses and unstable prices and income Referring to the Brannan plan outlined last spring by Secretary of Agriculture Brannan in Wash ington and at a Des Moines farm meeting Gabrielson said in a pre pared speech We do not come to you here with a neatly packaged panacea for the ills which may afflict the farming industry We do not bring something wrapped in rolls of red tape with the admonition that you must accept it because it has been worked out by allwise supermen in Washington Attributing authorship of the Brannan plan to labor leaders Hope said neither farmers nor their organizations were con sulted about it Sales Talk I am afraid the Kansan added in a prepared speech the laborpoliticians who concocted the plan have gotten their idea of the farmer from the funny papers and are laboring under the de lusion that he would buy the Brooklyn bridge if a sufficiently clever line of sales talk were used Conference ChairmanT Axel J Beck of Elk Point S Dak said democratic as well as republican farmers would be welcomed to give their views The conference was billed as a you tell us what you want gathering Nevertheless both Gabrielson and Hope went to con siderable length to give repub lican party views on the farm problem Both said the GOP favors farm price supports But republicans Hope said a support pro gram which would give the farm er his full fair return at the market place By contrast he said the Bran plan would reduce farm Beardsley Makes Farm Plan Suggestions at Sioux City Sioux City William S Beardsley Friday as serted that problems arising from surpluses of most perish able farm products can be met with selfregulation through production controls and improved marketing methods Beardsley speaking he said as a farmer who lives on land made 4 farm pro gram suggestions at the prices and require farmers to de pend on government subsidies for such a return BUTLER THINKS REDS HAVE NO ABOMB Sioux City Tru mans announcement that an atom ic explosion has occurred in Rus sia dropped like an atomic bomb on the republican midwest farm conference here Friday Senator Hugh Butler said I dont believe it He said he suspected it was more Russian propaganda de signed to scare us Butler said he still favored army control of atomic secrets But Senator George D Aiken R said he has felt all along that all of the major nations in the world have had the knowhow of atomic energy He said he doesnt see how the presidents announcement will re quire any change in the present atomic setup Vishinsky in Plea for Peace Pact Makes No Mention of Atom Bomb in Speech Before UN New York Foreign Minister Andrei Y Vishinsky called on the Big 5 powers Friday to conclude a peace pact among themselves He made no mention of an atomic explosion in the Soviet Union in his general policy ad dress to the United Nations assem bly Vishinsky prefaced his peace proposal with his usual slashing attack on the western powers He charged the United States and Britain are leading plans lor an aggressive war Makes Proposal Then he introduced a formal resolution by which the assembly would express the desire for Rus sia the United States Britain China and France to conclude a peace pact among themselves Vishinsky said not a word about President Trumans announcement in Washington that there is evi dence of an atomic explosion in the Soviet Union He also took no notice of a dec laration by Secretary of State Dean Acheson that the United States had expected such an atomic development and had no plans to change policy because of it Acheson held a news confer ence just before Vishinsky spoke Speech a LetDown The Vishinsky speech was far less fiery than his warmonger blast in the 1947 assembly which provoked boos from the gallery It represented a letdown for many delegates who had expected some word on the atomic developments The speech was one of the short est major efforts in Vishinskys career It was the first speech dele gates recalled that he had ended on such a peaceful note AP Wirephoto JOHNSON QUESTIONED ON ATOMICJ taryof Defense Louis Johnson holds his jaw as he is ques tioned by white house newsmen after leaving a cabinet meeting Friday at which President Truman said an atomic explosion occurred in recent weeks in Russia President Holds Cabinet Session Washington United States has evidence of a recent atomic explosion in indicating the communists at long last have learned to make an Abomb President Truman disclosed this in a statement Friday He then held an hourlong session with his cabinet about it Mr Truman said the development emphasizes the neces sity for truly effective enforcable international control of atomic energy The United States has sought that through the United Nations but has been unable to get together with Russia on how it should be carried out With a note of reassurance to the American people the president said the probability that some other nation might develop an atomic bomb has always been taken into account by us Quickly after the white house announcement came word from the British government in London that it also has evi of an atomic explosion I LA in Russia A British state Radiation May Be Clue to Atom Blast Washington evidence of an atomic explosion in Russia probably was picked up by radi U S Loses ABomb Monopoly But Still Ahead of Russia Washington United States has lost its monopoly on atomic weapons but is still 4 years and many accomplishments ahead of the Russians Those are the standout facts in estimates by the best informed government officials of the impact from Russias atomic explosion on the balance of power between Russia LOWELL THOMAS HURT New York Thomas 57 author newscaster and travel ler was seriously injured when thrown from a horse in a steep mountain pass in the Himalayas his office said Friday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear Friday night with frost in exposed locations Low Friday night 32 to 34 Warmer Saturday with high 76 Iowa Fair and cool Friday night with frost most sections Friday night Saturday mostly fair not so cool west portion Low Fri day night 35 north 3540 south Iowa 5Day Weather Temperatures will average near normal for the next 5 days Normal high 68 to 72 normal low 45 to 49 Not so cool west portion Saturday Warmer Sun day and Monday Turning cooler Tuesday A few scattered show ers about Tuesday rainfall amounting to less than inch Minnesota Fair and cool Friday night with moderate to heavy frost east and central portions Saturday fair and warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics of the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Friday GOP national farm confer ence here The Iowa governor who oper ates 900 acres of farm land near New Virginia said that any farm program should be free from all political interference and impli cations Second we must recognize he asserted that the midwest farmer does not come as a suppli cant with a tin cup in hand but comes proudly earnestly suggest ing that he is entitled to his place in the same sun that shines so brightly upon his fields The governors 3rd suggestion was that the farm program should be a part of a general soil con servation program His 4th point was that the conference should work for a longrange program that is sufficiently flexible to al low for all the variable factors which affect agricultural produc tion and the prices of farm com modities I do not believe that over a longrange period of years we will have any appreciable surplus of nonperishable he declared The problems that pre vail with most perishable farm products can and should be met with selfregulation through pro duction controls and improved marketing methods Beardsley said the purpose of the conference was not only to treat with problems of agriculture but the means of maintaining a sound stable progressive econ omy For if we are to maintain a sound economy in this country of ours we must meet 2 vital require ments he said First a total na tional income of at least 000000 a year we must have in all avenues of human en deavor at least 60000000 persons Blackmer to Plead Guilty in Tax Case Washington justice de partment ofifcial said Friday that Henry M Blackmer will settle his score with the government by a guilty plea to one of the 21year old evasion indictments standing against him The government will then drop the 5 other indictments charg ing tax evasion and perjury this official said The action if carried out would subject the 81yearold Denver millionaire who has been in exile in Europe for the last 25 years to a possible prison term of one year and a fine of Blackmer who fled to France to avoid testifying at congres sional investigations into the Tea pot Dome oil scandals of the Harding administration arrived in Boston by plane 2 days ago He entered a hospital there for a physical checkup before going on to his home in Denver Justice department sources here said he will airive in Denver Sat urday to surrender to a United States marshal and begin pro ceedings to dispose of the old in dictments against him there gainfully employed Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 71 36 44 63 45 lowans Are Warned of Frost Threat Des Moinrs were warned Friday to prepare for frost Friday night following the movement of cool air into the state Thursday night The weather bureau said the will be heavy in the north east and scattered light frost will occur in the south and west por tions of the state The low Friday night will range from 32 in the northeast to 35 in the southwest Saturdays highs are expected to be near 80 VA Pays ISC 009712 Des Moines veterans administration has paid Iowa State college in partial set tlement of claims for theeduca tion of GI students in 194849 the VA said Friday The payment was made in 2 of last March and another of last June The payments were in the form of 75 per cent advances to the col lege pending completion of new contracts now being worked ou between the government and the college The contracts are for both the school years 194849 and 1949 50 Resumption of the payments followed a dispute between the college and the governments gen eral accounting office It resulted in payments to the college being stopped Sept 15 1948 and the United States State department officials gen erally took the line that they did not believethedangerof war is either increased or decreased by the evidence that Russia has made at least one atomic bomb Some diplomats in fact specu lated that Russia having ended much of the disparity between itself and the United States might now possibly be more ready to make a serious effort to establish a workable plan of international atomic energy control No Policy Change In any case officials said Presi dent Trumans announcement of the soviet atomic explosion does not foreshadow any change in American atomic policy or general foreign policy On the contrary it was said American policy has been worked out on the assumption that the Soviets would get the bomb sooner or later It appears that the explo sion took place somewhat sooner than the American experts had figured but possibly not a great deal Why President Trumanchose to announce it at this time was one of the subjects on which authori ties would only speculate 1st to preak News It was possible that he wanted to be the first to break the news and did mot want to risk an an ouncement by soviet Foreign Vishinsky at the United Nations Another point on which respon ible informants would offer no omment was how the United itates obtained possession of the vidence of the atomic explosion he presidents top advisors it jvas learned however consider the evidence conclusive At a minimum it shows that Russia had manufactured a quan ity of atomic material sufficient o create a considerable explosion and that the Soviets therefore enow how to make the materials See No Stockpile At a maximum it indicates that the Soviets have manufactured an atomic bomb capable of being lauled about and dropped on a target and that they deliberately set it off for test purposes The experts reason that it is un likely that the Russians have ac cumulated a stockpile of atomic material or that they made much more than one bomb For this rea son considerable emphasis was given here to the progress which has already been chalked up in atomic research and manufac ture in the United States Repeats Need for Control of ABomb New York N Secre taryGeneral Trygve Lie said Friday President Trumans an nouncement shows more than ever the need for international agreement on atomic energy Informed that Mr Truman had announced the United States has evidence an atomic explosion in the Soviet Union Lie made this comment If it is true that they have the atomic bomb it shows how indis pensable international agreement is The T r u m a n announcement created a stir in the 59nation assembly The highest U N officials first learned of the presidents state ments in the assembly Reporters sent a note with the news to Assembly President Car los P Romulo on the rostrum of the big hall in Flushing Meadow Park Lie sitting beside him left the dais after the note arrived ationdetection instruments or just possibly by earthquake re cording devices While neither President Truman nor the atomjc energy commis sion offers anexplanation of how the U S got wind of the explosion reported by the white house these are known facts 1 Atomic scientists have instru ments such as geiger counters for spotting rays coming from the ground or in the atmosphere But how far radiation from an atomic explosion can be detected has never been made public Triere never have been any official re ports as to whether rays from the Japanese bomb bursts or the Bikini tests ever were picked up in this or other countries 2 Earthquakerecording instru ments called seismographs are able to record disturbances in the earths crust But this must be re membered An atomic bomb ex pIpsiorT doesnt begin to compare with the energy of an earthquake Thus if seismographs actually did record evidence of an explo sion m Russia they necessarily would have had to be quite close to the scene Detection by radiationspotting instrumnets is by far the most likely possibility although there is no official word to back bearing such devices might have been op erating close to Russian territory If so airborne particles of radio active dust might have come within the range of these instru ments ment was promised later In Washington the word swept swiftly around government de partments and through congress At the the military were signs of some excitement but no officials would discuss the matter Nothing to Say A spokesman for the atomic energy commssion in reply to queries said We have nothing to say Reporters pressed Secretary of Defense Johnson for more infor mation when he left the cabinet meeting Have we made any change in the disposition of our forces since this happened a reporter asked No Johnson replied Does the cabinet know any more about this than it contained in the presidents statements The cabinet knows all about it Johnson said It was fully informed Do Declines Reply you have Rest Case in Conspiracy Trial of Reds New York defense rested Friday in the conspiracy trial of 11 top U S communists It was the 158th day of the trial which has cost taxpayers an av erage of a day Federal Judge Harold R Medina dismissed the jury until Oct 4 explaining that there would be no proceedings in the meantime that would require its presence He ad ourned the trial until Sept 28 at which time he will hear motions GETS DRUGGIST POST New York John S Veenker Northwood Iowa was elected a vicepresident of the National As sociation of Retail Druggists Thursday BANK PRESIDENT QUITS Boone H Barber pres ident of the Citizens National bank here since 1935 announced his resignation Thursday Barber who came here from Kearney Nebr will be succeeded by Elmer E Wcimer cashier since 1937 SAME fUf mrnnn no trufflo dcalhi past 2i hovra y both sides Medina told the defense and prosecution attorneys to give him a memorandum by Sept 27 on points they warjt included in his charge to the jury When the jury returns the gov ernment and defense will make their final summations The jury is expected to start deliberations in about 2 weeks on the govern ments charge that the 11 com munist leaders conspired to teach and advocate the use of force for the overthrow of the U S gov ernment Says Fetters Was Insane Washington University of Iowa doctor told a district court jury Friday that in his opinion Oscar Fetters 63 was insane at the time of the fatal shooting for which he is being tried The witness was Dr P E Hu ston a member of the Universitys medical college faculty for 10 years He stuck to his testimony despite attempts by County At torney Paul V Shearer to break it down Testifying for the defense Dr Huston was given a synopsis of the case Fetters was charged 35 years ago with the slaying of Hugh Dougall Sr on Sept 9 1914 However he was committed to the insane ward of the Anamosa re formatory before he could be tried He was released from the institu tion this year as mentally re stored Dr Huston then was asked if he considered Fetters was insane at the time of the shooting The doc tor said he did The witness added that Fetters was not capable of dealing at that time in a rational way Shearer insisted that Fetters knew what he was doing at the time because the county attor ney said Fetters gave himself up and turned in a gun to authorities Dr Huston then testified that because of the type of insanity that in his opinion Fetters had Fetters would have the sense of right and wrong at times The doctor also said that in that type of insanity it is common for the patient to recover He said such patients do so in 15 to 20 per cent of the case without any treatment reason to be lieve this was the first atomic explosion in Russia Johnson was asked He smiled shook his head and refused to answer At the capitol Senator McMa hon chairman of the joint congressional committee on atomic energy called a meeting of the committee behind closed doors In a senate speech only Thursday McMahon saidthat if Russia had the atomic bomb she could send the bombs to Ameri can ports on tramp steamers and blow up 35000000 people There was no official hint as to how the United States obtained its evidence of the atomic explo sion in Russia But it is known that American scientists have been ready with delicate instru ments for months to record an atomic explosion anywhere in the world Truman Message I believe the American people to the fullest extent consistent with national security are en titled to be informed of all devel opments in the field ofatomic en ergy That is my reason for making public the following in formation We have evidence that within recent weeks an atomic explosion occurred in the U S S R Ever since atomic energy was first released by man the even tual development of this new force by other nations was to be expected This probability has al ways been taken into account by President to Review 82nd Airborne Troops Washington resident Truman will fly to Fort Bragg N Car Oct 4 to review troops and witness parachute maneuvers of the 82nd airborne division Presidential Press Secretary Charles G Ross said Friday that Mr Trurnan will leave Washing ton in the plane Independence It is about one hour and 15 min utes flight to Ft Bragg Mr Tru man plans to return to Washing ton that evening us Nearly 4 years ago I pointed out that scientific opinion appears to be practically unanimous that the essential theoretical knowl edge upon which the discovery is based is already widely known There is also substantial agree ment that foreign research can come abreast of our present theo retical knowledge in time and in the 3nation declaration of the president of the United States and the prime ministers of the United Kingdom and of Canada dated Nov 15 1945 it was emphasized that no single nation could in fact have a monopoly of atomic weap ons This recent development em phasizes once again if indeed such emphasis were needed the necessity for that truly effective enforcible international control of atomic energy which this gov ernment and the large majority of the members of the United Na tions support Luther Student Dies of Polio Iowa City Moe 21 of Chicago died at University hospitals here Friday of polio Moe a senior student at Luther college Decorah was taken to Iowa City Monday A brother Larrie is a freshman student at Luther and a Bister Mrs Robert Jacobson is the wife of a member of the college staff Funeral services will be held in Chicago Monday FEPC Measure Out of Committee With No Recommendation Washington UR The senate labor committee voted Friday to report the administrations fair employment practice bill without recommendation atfer a motion to report it favorably failed on a tie vote The action was disclosed by Senator Hubert H Humphrey D Minn who left the meeting Nearly He also disclosed that Senator Robert A Tafts substitute bill to create a fair employment prac tices commission without enforce ment powers was rejected 7 to 3 ;