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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 23, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL un AaocMti Pita and United Prof Tvll Leuri Wires Five CenU a Cojjy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 231917 This Paper Consists Two One No 296 UN VOTES DEBATE ON KOREA ISSUE WHEAT MARKET PRICES GO UP AS CORN DROPS President Truman Eyes Recommendations to Combat Soaring Costs By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Food prices on the nations com modity exchanges showed diver gent trends Tuesday as the na tions consumers looked to Pres ident Truman for possible recom mendations to reduce the soaring cost of living Wheat futures closed higher than Monday but corn prices lost ground Sugar dropped 9 cents a hundred pounds Cattle and hogs were slightly less expensive But ter values varied their trends at different markets with no clear overall Poultry prices re mained firm At the Chicago board of trade the worlds largest grain market gains of 2 to 4 cents a bushel were registered after prices had risen as much as 6J cents in early trading December wheat closed at 269i to Corn sales after early gains were made at the end of the tradt ing sessions at prices 2J to 4J cents below Monday with December contracts at to Oats were i to li cents a bushel lower with December delivery quoted at i The reduction of 7 to 9 points in sugar for Septem ber discontin uation of the world sugar alloca tion system by the International Emergency Food Council President Truman was weigh ing recommendations Tuesday for voluntary food rationing at home and smaller grain shipments abroad as the most feasible ap proach soaring domestic prices and threatened unrest overseas Any attempt to keep grain ex ports at the record levels of ear lier months require a re turn to rigid wartime controls and only congress could restore them Mr Trumans food cabinet com mittee told the chief executive Monday Hence the group composed of Secretary of State Marshall Sec retary of Commerce Harriman and Secretary of Agriculture Ander son proposed that the govern ment A Place a ceiling of be tween 450000000 and 500000000 bushels on foreign shipments this crop year B Set up a voluntary conservation program in this coun try and C Try to find some way to augment European diets with costlier but less scarce foods This information came from of ficials in a position to know but not to be quoted The white house itself was silent except to say that Mr Truman will have a state ment on world food problems in a few days Whether that statement will cover the whole field of emergen cy aid to Europe and settle the is sue of whether there is to be a special session of congress remains to be seen The food committees meeting with Mr Truman to submit its re port was only one of a series Mon day dealing with steps that may be necessary before congress can get around to considering the long range Marshall plan for European recovery Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Not so cool Tuesday night with the low 40 44 High Wednesday 6870 Iowa Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday with some cloudiness Wednesday Warm er Tuesday night Cooler Wednesday night High about 75 Low Tuesday night 40 north west to 48 southeast High Wednesday 7075 Iowa 5Day Weather Forecast The temperature will average near seasonal normals un western Iowa to 3 or 4 degrees below normal in eastern Iowa Normal Iowa maximum 68 north to 76 south normal minimum 45 north to 49 south Little change in temperature until warmer about Friday and Saturday Cooler again by Sunday Little or no rainfall expected but some chance for scattered showers about Saturday Minnesota Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday but cool er Tuesday night IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 58 Minimum 39 At 8 a m Tuesday 52 YEAR AGO Maximum 66 Minimum 40 Push Button Flight Marks Step in Aviation By JAMES J STREBIG AP Aviation Editor Washington push button flight of an air force C54 across the north Atlantic may point the way to railroad regu larity for airplanes and the elimi nation of human error in the cockpit The 4enfintd skymaster known as the Big Push flew 2400 miles from Stephenville N F to Brize Norton airport in England Monday without a hand on the controls after the starting button was touched A crew of 9 rode along just in case and there were 5 passeng ers including some British ob servers While the venture brought im mediate speculation of pushbut ton atomic warfare the airforce regards it only as part of an ex AP WIrephoto INSTRUMENT PANEL OF ROBOT is the instrument panel of the C54 Skymaster which Monday completed a 2400 mile transAtlantic flight guided by a mechanical brain Left to right areMajor Jerry H Ayres Ed Gooding reporter and James L Anast civilian technician See Freezing Temperatures in North Iowa Thursday Friday Iowa Weatherman Issues Light to Heavy Frost Warning Over State1 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Iowa weather bureau issued the following special frost warning Tuesday Conditions are favorable for a generally light to locally heavy frost over Iowa Thursday and Fri day mornings with some freezing temperatures likely in the north ern part of the state The weather bureau said the only1 frost reported in Iowa Mon day night was a light one at Cedar Rapids where the temperature hit a state lowof 37 degrees early Tuesday Mondays high was 65 at Ames No rainfall was reported The frost line in the last morn ing of the summer season Tuesday extended from northeastern Illin ois and southern Michigan east ward across Ohio and northeast ward into New York and the New England states Frost in northern Illinois was light and light touches were re ported in Indiana except the Fort iVayne area where the weather sureau classified the frost as mod erate A weather bureau forecaster said the frost was generally heavy n New York Pennsylvania and New England The extent of dam age to garden crops in this area may not be known for some time Some corn damage was reported n Ohio where frost was generally moderate but corn traders in the Chicago grain market discounted he frosts effect on the corn crop enerally and prices advanced 1J 0 3 cents at the opening Temperatures dipped to below freezing in many parts of the cool area with a 25 above in Utica N Y the chilliest spot on the federal weather bureaus map The mercury also was below the 32 degree mark Monday night in urwensville Pa Cadillac Mich Joshen Ind and East Liverpool Ohio Chicagos 36 reading was the coldest Sept 23 on record The pre vious mark of 38 occurred on Sept 23 1887 The temperature dropped to be ow 40 in most sections of New England and snow fell on Mt Washington and at Caribou Me SOYBEANS CORN SHOW PROGRESS Report Says Frost Will Hasten Drying Des Moines ff Favorable weather during the week ended Sept 20 and since has had high ly beneficial effects on Iowas crops the weekly crop and weath er bulletin said Tuesday The chances now appear very good that the Iowa corn crop will mature without presenting ex ceptionally difficult shortage problems the report said Soybeans as well as corn have made favorable progress this week and appear to be very favorable in areas that have had appreciable moisture relief since Sept 1 The bulletin said that from the standpoint of field crops the frosts Monday and Tuesday were con sidered to be beneficial in that they would hasten drying The bulletin said 83 per cent of Iowas corn appeared to be out of danger by Sept 20 It added that Fall plowing is 31 per cent complete but 2 weeks behind last year due to dry weather Winter wheat seeding is well under way Pastures have revived some what but need more rain In some central Iowa areas where rainfall has been slight soybean yields will average only about twothirds of normal The Dogs of War are Famine Sword and Fire SAME White flat means no traftlo death to pill 24 honn tensive study into the problems of allweather flying centered at Clinton county airport Wilming ton Ohio The Big Push has made a number of shorter flights under circumstances similar to the At lantic crossing These included hands off trips to Wilmington from Mitchell field L I Wash ington DC national airport Andrews field Md and Long Beach Cal The air force hopes to develop a method which will permit the pilot to serve only as a monitor In bad weather reducing if not actually eliminating the human element so often blamed for crashes An air force officer said the flight of the Big Push proceeded in this manner The control mechanism which operates 20 different items in the airplane was fully adjusted the motors were run up for test and the plane was taxied to the end of the runway and headed for take off Then the master switch was thrown after which not even so much as a little finger was placed by any human being on the mech anism Automatically the throt tles were pushed to takeoff posi tion and afted 8 seconds the brakes were released The plane started down the runway lifted into the air and when it reached 800 feet altitude the throttles were retarded to climb position The plane then climbed to 9000 feet and the throttles were pulled back to cruise position At that time also the planes radio picked up a directional beam from a pick et or guide ship about a third of the way across the ocean An automatic direction finder known as thereupon ac tuated the controls to keep the plane headed directly toward the ship along the radio beam When the plane reached the cone of si lence or dead spot immediately above the ship the receiver au tomatically tuned in another fre quency and the ADF then homed on a 2nd ship farther along the course When the 2nd guide ship was reached the radio tiffKed to 3rd frequency originating at the British airfield When the plane reached the cone of tually a part of the instrument landing system or radio actuated a set of controls which retarded the throttles low ered the landing flaps and cracked out the landing gear Then the plane homed on the glide path a sloping beam which is part of equipment at 100 or more airports in this country and flew down to the runway After allowing a certain time for roll following the touchdown of the wheels the brakes were auto matically applied The crew which had done noth ing for 10 hours taxied the plane off the runway Toys to fie Down 30 Portland Me IP Christmas toy prices says a Boston whole saler will be down as much as 30 per cent this year in contrast to the upward trend of most prices Louis Block reported a trend away from warlike toys and said some items like electric trains and Christmas tree lights and bulbs still were scarce This years toys Block declared will be better constructed which may defer the inevitable breakage US ARMY ASKS RETURN OF MEN BY YUGOSLAVS Officer and 2 Enlisted Soldiers Taken Captive on Trieste Frontier Trieste United States army headquarters in Trieste Tuesday demanded the return of an Ameri can officer and 2 enlisted men who it said were taken captive by Yugoslavs while on mounted patrol duty on the Trieste free territory frontier Monday and forced across the border at gun point An official report issued by headquarters of tl S troops in Trieste said the missing men were patrollingnear the sector where Yugoslavs last week tried to force their way into the free territory The army announcement iden tified the trio as 1st Lt William Van Atten East Orange N J Pfc Earl G Hendrick Jr Arling ton Va and Pfc Glen A Meyer Edgeley N Dak Van Atten was caught in a Yugoslav ambush in July 1946 on the road between Gorizia and Trieste the army report said His driver was killed and he and an enlisted man were wounded The official army account of Mondays occurence is as follows The report of the incident came from the other 2 members of the patrol Pfc Edison T Len hart Southbury Conn and Pvt George E Perry Fort Thomas Ky who dashed to the 351st regi mental headquarters with the news While leading his patrol along the frontier Van Atten sighted a Yugoslav patrol with whom he and his men had talked before and ap peared to be on good terms Van Atten and 2 enlisted men dis mounted and approached the boundary on foot the Yugoslavs at a distance of 30 to 35 feet from the Yugoslavs Then they were seen to go forward while the Yugoslavs pointed rifles at them The army report said the Amer icans were forced across the fron tier at gunpoint Red Union Calls Strike in Trieste Trieste Free Territory The Trieste radio said the com munistcontrolled union Sindicati Unici called a general strike Tuesday in Trieste The announcement was fol lowed swiftly by an allied mili tary government declaration that the strike was the first com munist attempt to hamper the essential life of Trieste and bring discredit to the free territory which came into being a week ago The AMG blamed certain out side elements with selfish po litical reasons The statement said allied au thorities would take sary steps Squirrel Stops U S Mail Wilmette 111 little grey squirrel apparently was spif ficated when it mistook Mailman Anthony Hermes 32 for a tree It ran up to Hermes and tried to climb his leg Hermes swung at the squirrel with his mailbag Each time he brushed the squirrel off it came back Finally he dashed across an alley with the squirrel in hot pursuit He finally ran into a bowling alley and slammed the door When police were notified they searched for the squirrel They feared it might have rabies Hermes discounted their theory He said fruit from pear trees in the neighborhood was lying around in advanced stages of fermenta tion He said the squirrel probably drank too much juice Right Wing Coalition Wins in Test of Italian Opinion Communists and Minor Leftists Groups Lose Out in Caserta Poll Rome the first test of public opinion since Premier Al cide De Gasperi dropped leftists from his cabinet last June a right wing coalition called the list of the rooster swept a local elec tion Sunday at Caserta the in terior minister announced Tues day Nearly complete returns showed that the rightist prising qualunquists monarchists and 7493 votes to 3189 for De Gasperis Chris tian Democrat party and 3650 for the peoples and minor leftist groups The rightist total was swelled even more by another group of liberals and monarchists which got 1909 votes on a separate tic ket These election results were an nounced as the communists and socialists prepared to ask the con stituent assembly for a vote of no confidence in the De Gasperi cab inet Debate originally had been scheduled to start on the motion Tuesday but was postponed un til Friday at the request of the qualunquists who are holding a national convention There was no visible break In the ranks of the center and right Qftsnfiri niaintatns his grljr BOthesbVerhment but responsible political quarters ex pressed belief the debate would last perhaps a month during which the extreme and moderate left would explore every phase of the governments domestic and foreign policies while maintain ing heavy pressure outside the assembly Most of these observers pre dicted a government victory since De Gasperi still can count on the support of the right and center deputies who backed him when he dropped the communists and socialists from last June his government But the powerful communist controlled general labor confed eration brought its strike tech nique right into the governments backyard Monday with a farm strike in the province of Rome Giuseppe Di Vittorio the com munist general secretary of the confederation said 30000 farm ers were on strike asking for the same improvements in hours wages family benefits and social security which were won by 1 000000 northern land workers and sharecroppers last week after a 12 day strike The conservative Rome newspaper MoentaSera placed the number of Rome strik ers at 80000 In Arezzo near Florence strik ing sharecroppers tried to break man and woman wishing to work will be given the fullest protec AP Wircphoto ITALIAN CROWD DEMONSTRATES A crowd in Rome Italy displays signs during the communist and socialist inspired Great Day of Manifestation against economic conditions under Premier DeGasperis Christian Democrat government In center is cariacature of DeGasperi manipulated by figure marked Wall Street At left is a placard showing liberty on a cross NIKOLA PETKOV by Reds U S DENOUNCES PETKOVS DEATH Party Leader Executed in Bulgaria Prison United States Tuesday denounced Bul garias execution ofNikola Pet kov leader of the opposition to the communistsupported Bulgar ian government The state department in a for mal statement said that in the court of world opinion Bulgarias communistdominated government has shown itself wanting with respect to elementary principles of justice and the rights of man Petkov was hanged in Sofias central prison early Tuesday on charges of plotting against the Bulgarian government Eetkoys trial the state depart ment said constituted but one of a series of measures undertaken by the communistdominated fa therland front government to re move from the Bulgarian scene all save a purely nominal opposition and to consolidate despites its professions to the contrary a to talitarian form of government The statement was read to re porters by a department official who gave no indication whether this government plans to join Great Britain in a formal diplo matic protest or to take other measures against the repressive tactics of the Bulgarian govern ment In London a British foreign of fice spokesman said Britain also plans a protest and that Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin will handle the matter personally Generol Ike Wants No Political Office Morgantown W Va eral Dwight D Eisenhower said Tuesday I want nothing to do with politics and I want no po litical office Eisenhower came here to ad dress a special convocation of West Virginia university The general prefaced a morn ing news conference with the as sertion he hoped the 30odd news paper and radio representatives confronting him would please lay off me for once on anything that involves politics LOOK INS IDE Safety Officials Advocate Uniform Traffic Code See page 2 New Law to Tighten Driver Responsibility See page 13 Iowa Farmers Union in 31st Convention See page 6 Uclans Promise Air Attack for Hawkeyes See page 11 OVERRIDES RED OBJECTIONS TO PROBLEM NOW Secretary Lie Makes Appeal to Reconcile East and West Split BULLETIN United Nations Hall Flush ing N Y United Na tions general assembly over whelmingly overrode Russias objections Tuesday and voted 41 to 6 to debate the 2yearold U StTSSR deadlock over Korea at this session New York launched a new broadside against the Unit ed States Tuesday after Secre taryGeneral Trygve Lie in an extraordinary appeal called on the bitterly quarreling big powers to bury their differences in the interest peace among the United Nations Andrei YT Vishinsky soviet deputy foreign minister opened his new offensive by charging Secretary of State Marshall gave an incorrect explanation of the big power deadlock on Korean in dependence He then assailed was sitting before sup porting IT N consideration of recommendations for the revision of the Italian peace treaty Vishin sky charged that any action on this question was a violation of the U N charter Vishinsky spoke as the 55na tion general assembly began de bate on its formidable agenda which already had been approved by the assemblys 14nationijteer ing committee over soviet oppo sition on some sections He de manded exclusion of the items on Korea and Italy Warren R Austin No 2 U S delegate replied by citing Article 1 of the U N charter which calls for the development of friendly relations among nations Lets keep our sights lifted to those high points he said Referring to Vishinskys charge that the United States was re sponsible for the stalemate over Korea Austin said Its not whos whats right The general assembly Austin declared must show its capacity to do things and not expose itself as a perfectly futile organization Lie closed the assemblys week long general debate with a plea to the big powers to compromise their differences which he said were spreading fear and hate throughout the world and crippling the U N Meanwhile the Arab countries lost the first round of the Palestine battle when the assembly overrode their objections to creation of a special 55nation committee to consider the Palestine question On the Korean question Vishin sky said Russia twice had submit ted constructive proposals but these had not been accepted by the United States Therefore he said the American delegate must bear the responsibility for the dead lock He said the Korean issue could not legally be considered by the general assembly Turning to Italy he declared that the United States several times has shown lack of precise attitude on such questions This case Vishinsky went on is an other example of the lack of abil ity of the United States to respect international agreements which have been freely entered into Vishmsky said those who sup port the proposal to consider changes in the Italian treaty have a rather strange conception of justice Vishinsky asked permission to make a new statement of general soviet policy but Dr Oswaldo Aranha of Brazil assembly presi dent ruled that he must confine his remarks now to debate on items on the provisional agenda The indispensable condition for peace Lie told the 55 na tional delegations is that nations with different social systems and different interests shall strive to live and to work together side by side in peace This must find expression in political negotiations which show a willingness to compromise without such a will without co operation and agreement let me emphasize that no mechanism for the maintenance of international peace and security however per fect can be effective Lie expressed the belief that the basic situation could not be changed by any structural change in the U N machinery nor by re vision of the charter The veto issue he declared is more of a symptom than a cause Both the security council where the rule of unanimity ap plies and the general assembly where there is no such rule are being hampered seriously by these conflicts and differences ;