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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 23, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF COMP H STORY AND ARCH I VC THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL UI AaocUted Proa and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Msjon Sunday f m WIAD Qotacy Bl Mem C D 3 T WOI Ames Wednesday p m WSUL Iowa City Tbunday p m Russia Holds the Key to World Peace DESPITE occasional as Secretary Henry Wallaces recent New York get tough and stay tough with Russia approach is going to con tinue as the keystone of Amer icas foreign policy It must be so because there is no plausible al ternative We tried appeasement and dis covered that it didnt work During the war aid to the Rus sians was a oneway street We gave much and got next to noth ing in return There wasnt even a show of appreciation Russian gates were closed to our military observers at the time we were filling their ports with food and tanks and guns BUT we reconciled ourselves to the rebuff by reflecting on the obvious fact that the Russians were fighting the good fight per forming heroically in the common cause of whipping Hitler In the months following the war including the time when the nations of the world were gath ered at San Francisco to set up a peace organization ive yielded point by point to the Russian viewpoint on the assumption that a little appeasement would serve to promote the larger cause of world understanding But in recent months and par ticularly since the beginning of Ihe current Big 4 peace conference in Paris it has become clear beyond mistaking that world domination rather than world peace is a pri mary Russian objective There has been a quick may be revolution wouldnt be too strong a our attitude to ward Moscow THE full extent of this change was dramatized in Secretary Byrnes Stuttgart speech in which Russia was put on notice that the time bascoine to write a treaty that isnt all Mr Byrnes said In that address he not only told the world that there was to be a strong unified Germany but that United States is in Europe to stay Implicit in his speech was blunt warning irto Russia that a further extension of her boun daries or her influence to the west will be vigorously opposed When Mr Byrnes ordinarily a softspoken southerner came to MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 23 1916 Tils Paper Consists oJ Two One No 298 DENY GAS TAX SUIT REHEARING Hunt for Wild Animals Fails Oquawka III mysterious beasts which have bee prowling these environs still are free to roam A combination of 150 armed men a dozen assorted hounds and airplanes ailed Sunday to uncover their lair Sheriff George Vorhees called the hunt after some villagers re ported seeing the mysterious catlike creatures about 7 feet long an 2 feet tall The huntsmen fortified with the well wishes of 200 anxiou women and children who saw them off at the courthouse squan tramped the underbrush of a 3 mile square area in the futile quest They found some animal footprints and called district conservatio inspector Guy Taylor who is a specialist in such things Taylor after close scrutiny pronounced Theyre dog tracks One group of the hunters recessed their search when they discov ered a watermelon patch Harrimans Addition Sets U S Policy Toward Russia New Commerce Head Had Hand in Framing Get Firm With Reds Pla his assignment as head of our state department he had the idealistic approach to the prob lems of peace In the house and later in the senate he became fa miliar with the broad outlines of foreign affairs But he hadnt learned all the curves and angles IN those beginning days it was natural for him to lean rather heavily on his associates in the state department One of these was Benjamin V Cohen Another was Dean Acheson Both believed that the way to allay Russian suspicions of the western democ racies was to make another term for appeasement At the same time America was demobilizing her forces at break neck speed spurred by the cres cendo of homefront criticism about the delay These 2 stant appeasement and rapid de to per suade Russia that she was dealing with a soft touch As a consequence of this as sumption the Russians accelerated their program of filibuster and bluff The strategy has been to get while the getting is ing as far as possible without ac tually inviting war GROMYKO at the United Na tions meeting in New York held fast for the right of veto by a single Russia of Molotov in Paris has been a dissenting voice on nearly every proposal designed to set the world back on the road to peace and stability Added to this funny business in diplomacy has been the Yugo slavian incident in which 5 Amer ican airmen were murdered in cold blood on order of Tito no toriously a Moscow puppet dic tator All of these tilings served to create doubts in the mind of Mr Byrnes that any policy smacking of appeasement would work There has also been repeated proof that such a policy did not have the favor of American sena tors without whose support no treaty could be validated SOMEWHERE along the line too I venture Secretary Byrnes took out time to read the report of a bipartisan congressional committee which visited Russia in the weeks immediately follow ing the war The group consisted of Reps Thomas S Gordon Jo seph F Ryter Karl E Mundt and Mrs Francos Bolton The first recommendation of that committee was that in the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Washington W Avere Harrimans addition to Presiden Trumans official family edged further away Monday from di mestie issue views espoused b Henry Wallace and united it o policy toward Russia The present ambassador to Br tain tapped by Mr Truman replace the ousted Wallace as sec retary of commerce is wide credited in fact with having ha a major hand in framing the pres ent policy of firmness toward th Soviets It was Wallaces public dis agreement with this policy whic led the president to dismiss him from the cabinet on Friday Harriman gained his ideas o how to deal with the Russian Supports Byrnes London Averell Har riman chosen to succeed Henry A Wallace as secretary of com merce said Monday VI fnlly support the foreign policy of Mr Tnunan and Mr Byrnes who are carrying on the liigb jirinciplesjaidLdqwn by Mr Roosevelt There lies the road to peace Embassy sources said Harri man planned to go to Paris within the next few days giv ing him an opportunity to talk with Secretary of State Byrnes first in handling lendlease aid t them and later in more than years as ambassador to Moscow In personal relations those idea worked He was highly popular Politically the new secretary designate is like Wallace a re publican turned new dealer Now 55 Harriman was born to weak and became a Wall Street banker He and a brother inherited som from their father E H Harriman the railroad Union Pacific magnate But he supported Al Smith thi unsuccessful democratic presiden tial nominee in 1928 and came under the new deal banner when the late President Roosevelt un furled it in 1932 Despite this new dealish back ground Harriman is far awa from Wallace on many social and economic issues There is no tinge in the appointment of any bid to the CIO Political Action commit tee and other groups which fol low Wallace With the appointment Mr Tru man now has a cabinet almost en tirely of his own selection Naval Secretary James Forrestal ap pointed to the cabinet May 10 1944 on the death of Frank Knox is the only remaining cabinet ap pointee of the late President Roosevelt of his own selection Wallace was the lastof the top officials he inherited from Presi dent Roosevelt In the changes the general ap praisal among politicians is that the cabinets politicalcomplexion has shifted to the rigfit a bit from what President Roosevelt used to call the left of center course of his administration There was no immediate word as to when Harriman actually would assume his duties Because it is a recess appointment made when congress is not in he can take over without waiting for the senate to approve his se lection A formal nomination will have to be submitted when congress meets Initial comment from legislators was uniformly favorable Asked for his reaction Wallace sent this word to reporters I am sure that this appoint ment will be received with the greatest enthusiasm by the busi ness community Although Alaska usually is thought to be a cold country its capital Juneau had only 53 days of zero weather in 33 years Read the United States Army Message Today on Page 2 AVEREIX HARRBIAN New Commerce Secretary Shipbuilding Profits Are Under Probe Washington UR One of 19 shipbuilding companies whose wartime profits are under inves igation made on a mere 600 investment the house mer chant marine committee was told Monday The St Johns River Shipbuild ng Corp was named as the prof ting firm by committee counsel Harvin Coles as the group opened an investigation of wartime ship building profits Coles also said that the Henry Kaiser group earned fees and profits totalling from he operation of government built ards The St Johns firm he said ictually made a capital investment if only while the government nvested in facilities All of the 19 companies under nvestigation earned an estimated otal profit of on a apital investment of only 79275 The facilities which these ompanies operated cost the gov rnmeht Coles said the figures were sup lied by the maritime commission which came under fire from one the first E attorney for the general ccounting office Casey said that in many cases le commission relied on contrac ors figures to make1 decisions bout profits Denouncing contract practices f wartime shipbuilders Casey aid that never before have so ew men made so much money nth so little all at the xpense of taxpayers not only of his generation but of generations come Dies of Injuries Ottumwa ff Emery Davis Ottumwa who was injured in n auto collision Friday died at hospital Sunday PLAN MEETING TO SPEED UP PEACE PARLEY Bevin Talks Privately With Molotov Schedule Session for Tuesday Paris Ufi5 big 4 agreed Monday to meet Tuesday in an ef fort to iron out differences and speed the1 deliberations of the peace conference The foreign ministers will meet at Quai dOrsay Decision to hold the meeting came after British Foreign Secre tary Ernest Bevin met privately with Russian Foreign Minister V M Molotov for the first time since the Paris conference started Bevin and Secretary of State James F Byrnes also met with French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault Bevin met privately Saturday with Secretary of State James F Syrnes immediately after return ng to Paris from London Byrnes las not seen Molotov in private since the opening of the 21nation conference although he and Bevin met frequently to iron out strategy and tactics It was believed the big 4 would meet before Wednesday as Bevin must return to London for the Palestine conference which will resume at that time Exactly 1 month remains before he United Nations general assem ly will open in New York and he peace conference will be forced o speed its deliberations radically f it is going to finish before that date The conference Monday tackled he controversial question of the disposition of the Italian empjire The big 4 agreed to delay a final settlement for a year but provided hat Italy must renounce her to colonial possessions Ivanoe Bonomi Italian repre sentative pleaded in the Italian political commission that Italy be allowed to keep her colonies say ng that she had transformed 3 of he least favored regions in Africa nto progressive countries The United States precipitated an eastwest clash by announcing ler support of a Greek proposal hat Bulgaria be required to de militarize her side df the Greco Sulgarian border iVoman Admits Being Mother of 2 Babies ound Buried in Iowa Keosauqua IP Van Buren County Attorney William McCon ell said Monday Maxine Cook ilso knownas Maxine Jacks had dmitted being the mother of 2 abies found buried here and at earby Milton The body of one dead since irth 3 days earlier was found in n outdoor toilet near Milton last hursday night and the 2nd was xcavated Monday from a shal ow grave at the home of Lloyd homas here McConnell said the ook woman admitted burying latter body more than a year nd a half ago No charges have been filed gainst the woman who is about 3 years old She has been in ustody since Saturday Officials said an inquest would held after receipt of a post mortem report on the body found t Milton This body was discov red by a scavenger on the prop rty of Mrs Edna Brewer where dcConnell said the Cook woman ad lived for the past few months e said she was engaged to Ken eth Brewer son ofMrs Brewer REMOVE PLANE CRASH unidentified woman survivor of the wreck of the Belgian airliner which crashed in the woods near Gander Newfoundland is re moved from a helicopter at Wolf lake for transfer to a navy PBY which flew her to Gan der airport for hospitalization Evacuation of 18 survivors of the crash was completed by the U S coast guard airmen Sunday afternoon AP Wirephoto GRANDMA MUST LEAVE PRISON Board Rules Woman to Leave This Week Rockwell City he state boardof control ac knowledges it may require couple of good men to take he out Mrs Winifred Grandma1 Barnett is scheduled to leave the owan Has First Plane Gideon 91st Birthday Holland Shutte of olland had his first airplane ride his 91st birthday an versary It was the gift of the Dunty home where he has lived nee the first of the year After the ride Shutte said he as ready for another one Zocfcwell City womens reforma ory sometime this week Mrs Barnett who the board ays completed a 35 year murder erm 10 years ago doesnt want to eave the institution and con ends she still has a couple of to serve The 72 year old Negro woman was convicted of slaying her ex husband at Davenport in 1913 The judge said I must serve 35 years straight she says But the board of control com puting time off for good behavior contends she has just been a non paying guest since Dec 29 1936 The attorney generals office has ruled she must leave the prison and that she is a ward ol Scott county Scott county offi cials consequently are preparing to take her into the Scott county home for the aged I dont blame her for not want ing to go said Board of Control Member H H Hauge Its a lot nicer at Rockwell City than any county home I ever saw I wouldnt be surprised if it took a couple of good men to take her out of the reformatory Mrs Barnett on May 1 1913 fired 2 bullets from ambush into i e r exhusband George and placed the gun in his left hand to simulate suicide She erred George was righthanded Hospital Patients to Get Horse Meat Boston to obtain any other red meat the Massachu setts General hospital has begun serving horsemeat to its personnel and will start feeding it to pa ients this week Dr Nathaniel W Faxon medi cal director of the hospital said n a bulletin to personnel and pa ients that horsemeat would be a satisfactory and tasty substitute or the more conventional meals Other hospitals in the Greater Boston area said that they have experienced no difficulty as yet and that beef stocks have been dequate although not plentiful Complete Risky Rescue of 18 Plane Crash Survivors Helicopters Are Used to Bring Persons Back to Safety From Wreck Gander NfId Gilber Perier general manager of Saben Airlines said Monday that th bodies of 26 persons who lost thei lives when a Belgian Transatlan tic Airliner crashed near here Wed nesday would be buried at th scene of the disaster rather thar endanger the lives of rescue team by attempting to bring the bodie out of the wilderness The job of rescuing the sur vivors was a risky one sait Perier It was worth the risk when there were lives that couli be saved Circumstances however have dictated our decision not to attempt to bring the bodies ou and prolong the hazard to thj lives of the men who have been such a great help Perier lost his daughter and re centlydivorced wife in the crash Eighteen survivors of the disaster rescued by helicopter are now in hospital here Meanwhile members of an army rescue party which hacked a path through tangled forests to reach he survivors told for the first time the full story of the disaster Things were in pretty bad shape Cpl Harry A Houghton of Windber Pa a member of the rescue party Several of the pas sengers had been burned to ashes Those still alive were wet It hac rained the night before and dur ng the day and they had been ying on the ground A rescue plane had just dropped some sleeping bags before we got there and the survivors got into Pfc Alfred A Pogacsnik of ieveland Ohio another member if the rescue party said most of he survivors remained in the leeping bags some of them groan ng with pain others dozing He idded that they joked and aughed with one another after we got there and began taking are of them trying to keep up heir spirits The rescue group said tfre sur ivors told them that before the rash the passengers had been in truded to fasten their safety lelts and that the plane could not and at Gander because of fog mt was going on to another field When the ship crashed several vere thrown clear of the giant raft Most of the survivors were hose Sittingin the rear of the alley Believe Missing U S Flyers Slaves in Lolo Land Nanking eighton Stuart Ambassador J said Monday here was reason to believe some ngmissing American B29 flyers lay still be slaves in avage Lolo land near the setting mythical ShangriLa American military authorities ave been given all available re orts from sources which Ainbas dor Stuart termed reliable But ficers said that a rescue expe tion to this ungoverncd west hina region one of the wildest ountain areas on earth would be formidable undertaking Even an vestigation would involve tre mendous difficulties As yet there is no official word on what steps may be taken One report of the survival of the Americans missing since plane crashes in 1944 along the India China ferry route came from Dr David Graham of West China Union university at Chengtu Chengtu in Szechwan province was an early B29 base Captives reportedly were tend ing herds gathering firewood and performing the most menial tasks for the primitive Lolo tribesmen in a virtually inaccessible sector southwest of Chengtu The area spotted with peaks ranging up to 18000 feet altitude is near the borders of Burma Assam and storied Tibet Chinas government has not penetrated the Lolo land and Chi nese dare not enter The tribes men reported by some sources to number in the millions retain their own language and primitive customs They are believed of Caucasian rather than Chinese blood The only outsiders known to have traveled the remote moun tains in safety are a few scattered missionaries and a handful of rov ing opium traders Ambassador Stuart said he be lieved some missing Americans might have fallen into the hands of such traders and been sold by them into slavery The Lolos although they live in savage poverty in unfurnished mud and stone huts have a rigid caste system There are feudal lords middleclass herdsmen and craftsmen serfs the bot tom of the As slaves any American captives probably would have to be bought back from the tribes if rescue should be attempted officers here are convinced MASON CITYAN IN Lt Donald Kuhn of Mason City was listed as navigator of one of the PBY flyine boats used in the rescue operation WESTERN UNION WALKOUT NEAR 3 AFL Unions Ready to File Strike Notice Washington f Three AFL inions demanding wage increases rom the Western Union Tele graph company made ready Mon day to file a 30day strike notice AFL Representative J A Payne nnounced howsver that the unions will continue negotiations with Noel Fox named by the gov irnment as a special mediator The unions are seeking a 16 ent hourly wage boost for all em loyes except messengers for whom a 10cent hike is asked A fact finding board has es imated average pay at 87 cents ourly for classifications other aan messengers Scattered Light Frost Forecast or North Iowa By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Scattered frost in the northern art of Iowa was forecast for Mon ay night the first official night f the fall season Temperatures s low as 35 were predicted with air and warmer weather expected uesday Iowa was pretty thoroughly renchcd Sunday on the last of cial day of summer much as 4 inches at in virtually all ections of the state and caused a ash flood at Vinton where water feet deep swirled around resi ences in a 5block area No loss of life was reported but persons were hospitalized after heir automobile ran into a bridge ashput near Dysart Quicklyrising creeks in the inton vicinity caused the tem orary closing of several high ays IOWA SUPREME COURT PERMITS FUNDS RELEASE Tax Brings For Use on Secondary Roads and City Streets Des Moines applica tion of L V Carlton IowaCity real estate dealer for a rehearing of his suit challenging the con stitutionality of Iowas 4th cent of gasoline tax was denied Mon day by the Iowa supreme court The court previously had up held the tax which has been col lected and held in trust since July 4 1945 The high court overruled Carl tons motion for a stay of pro cedendo which would have halted distribution of the tax receipts pending his announced intention to appeal to the United States su preme court The tax brings the state an esti mated annually for use on secondary farm to market roads and city streets The other 3 cents of gasoline tax were not involved in the case State Treasurer John M Grimes who was a defendant in the action along with members of the John son county Iowa City board of supervisors said the fund now lield in trust in an Iowa City bank totaled Legal sources said it was ex pected the supreme court would certify its findings to the Johnson county district court which would hen release this fund to the state reasurer for per cent to counties on the basis of area for secondary roads and 40 Der cent to cities on a population jasis for street construction and repair Grimes said only a short time would be required to distribute the re leased to him Carltons petition for a rehear ing claimed that the supreme court in its original ruling neglected to consider an amendment of a speci ic statute which requires keeping within the subject of a statute le contended that the Iowa sec ondary road law and motor fuel ax were separate items but were jlaced in the same statute there y rendering it unconstitutional ourt Denies Rehearing on Liquor Conviction Des Moines Iowa sti reme court Monday denied a re learing to Holland Blackburn 3es Moines in a case in which his attorneys had argued the pres ent Iowa liquor control act had uperseded and repealed the sta ute under which Blackburn had ieen convicted The supreme court originally lad affirmed his sentencing under he old act Blackburn was arrested near Vtason City by highway patrol men May 5 1945 and 15 cases of vhisky were found in his car He vas charged with illegal trans rartation of liquor in Cerro Gordo ounty district court and Judge iVilliam P Butler sentenced him o a year in jail and fined him 1000 Weather Report FORECAST Vlason City Clear and cool Mon day night with scattered light frost likely Tuesday fair and warmer ovva Mostly clear and quite cool Monday night with scattered frost in north portion Fair and warmer Tuesday High Monday night in upper 50s Low Mon day night 35 to 40 High Tues day 60 to 65 Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness and cool north and central portions and mostly clear and cool with scattered frost ex treme south portion Monday night Tuesday mostly cloudy scattered showers north portion Warmer south portion IN MASON CITY weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at 8 clock Monday morning Maximum 66 Minimum 40 At 8 a m Monday 45 Precipitation 58 STEAK AGO Maximum 72 Minimum 64 GlobeGazette weather statis cs for 24 hour period ending at oclock Sunday morning Maximum 77 Minimum 57 At 8 a m Sunday 64 Precipitation 03 EAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 53 ;