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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 23, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HJSTosr AMD DCS MOIfJCS lAv THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS you Associated Flea udCnued Prau Vun TinM Kve Cents Copj MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 23 1944 This Paper CaeaixU of Two NO HALL Dover Most Shelled Spot in England By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor LETTER NO Dover U S Army Air reality was impressed on me in a new way this afternoon when I stood on a chalk cliff near this most shelled spot in England and looked 21 miles across the channel at Ger manheld C a I could with the aid of field glasses actually see the towering city hall in that city Whether a spiral of smoke nearby was a part 9 the British Canadian siege of the city I havent yet learned I suspect this however The entire afternoon follow ing a 3 hour train ride from Lon don was spent round about here As we drove about the area our Healey of nearby Turn bridge kept observing That building to the right the one with the fresh damage was hit last night by one of Jerrys from the PasdeCalais im placements On another occasion he pointed out This hotel building seems to have been the Huns aiming point It had been hit several times and buildings in a line with it had tak en a severe pounding Being no hero I wasnt sorry when we got out of that particular locality I had in mind the fact that Jerrys guns were still aimed Hall Broadcast From England to Be Aired Sunday One Mans Opinion to be re broadcast from station KGLO Sunday afternoon at oclock hy W Earl Hall was shortwaved from London to the United States Monday evening and recorded here In this talk in which Mr Hall was a guest of the BBC the will outline 3 major PUTT for bis visit to England and siMac of FIGHT RAGES ON RELIEF ROAD DEWEY WANTS OF SECURITY PLAN 90000 Cheer GOP Speaker Next Talk to Be in Oklahoma City Los Angeles to a social security program that would encompass the 20000000 persons he said were not now protected Gov Thomas E Dewey hurried through a of conferences here Saturday before boarding his special train for Oklahoma City and the last major speech of this campaign swing In Los Angeles huge concrete openair stadium Friday night the republican presidential nominee told a cheering throng of 90000 persons that Americans had learned to work together so well In war that they are determined to cooperate to see that the aged the ill and the unemployed have security in the future Spurred in his fight on the new deal by nearly a scoreof Holly wood movie leaders and stars Dewey spoke from a flagfes tooned dias with a 60foot Ameri can flag as a backdrop High above atop the stadium burned the torch that was lighted for the 1932 Olympic games The crowd was by far the lar gest to hear any of his speeches Dewey started off by saying that the turnout demonstrated that California is determined to win free government here at home In making his points on social m Nazis Fight for Every Inch By WES GALLAGHER With the U Army in France and more it is be coming clear that the allies have a gigantic task ahead of them if they are to finish the war this The mad flight of the Germans and the sweeping gains of the alliesof the past summer have halted at the German border There js no hiding the fact that for the last 2 or 3 weeks the gains have been small and won at high cost There Is no doubt who is win ning the war The Germans are being beaten in every battle but they are fighting with the tenaci ous fury of trapped tigers What the Russians did the Germans and Hitlers followers now are trying to do to the al lies Every house and every natural obstacle has been turned into a trap for any harvest of death It may yield German soldiers know the war is lost but they have been con vinced by Hitler that there Is no hope for them in unconditional surrender that they will be wiped out by the infuriated peo ples of Europe that they might as well go down fighting in the hope of making the cost of victory so high the allies will be willing to com promise The spectacular airborne land ing in Holland will speed the allied advance in the west but the full fruits of this are not yet apparent and such a huge opera tion is not possible on every front The German ability to wage war has been dreadfully crippled by heavy casualties on this and Buckinghamshire England that way Arid different from fly ing bombs shells give no warning whatever unless you chance to see the flash In this event you can count o 60 before their arrival Dovers children are still evacu ated and thousands of her adults are still spending their nights in the 7 tutmel shelters in the chalk cliffs These sleeping accom modations for 7000 and unlimited standing room Incidentally thou sands of Londoners are still going to subway shelters nightly even though bomb danger is declared past After 5 years it may be a habit In our walk of many blocks through 2 of Dovers cavernous shelters we were told that the tunnels had been started by smug glers centuries ago They figured too in Englands plans to repel a Napoleonic invasion The tunnels are about 7 feet high and 8 feet wide On the right side are 3deck cots hundreds of them arid each assigned to a speci fied user Each shelter has its own kitchen and a food supply suffi cient to last a month Heat when its needed is supplied by electric coils Each tunnel has 2 exits in suring adequate ventilation Dovers civiKan defense director A J Fenn has a fullyequipped communications center In the more than 5 years since the bomb ing and shelling of England start ed Mr Ferin hasnt been off his job for as much as an its a 24hour a day assignment His faithfulness to duty has won the high praise of his townsmen and with authorities associated with him The shelters are provided with a medical center and nursing service Proof that the English were pre pared for any contingency is con tained in an amazing array of equipment designed to cope with gas Wed rather be safe than sorry Mr Fenn explained At the mouth of one of the sheltercaves was a 13yearold boy totally blind He was sunning himself A hand grenade brought to school by one of his playmates had brought tragedy to him Get ting children to observe the rules of safety has been one of the wars chief problems I was told A chapel on the road to Folke stone near Dover bore this cor nerstone inscription Built 1910 Bombed 1917 Rebuilt 1920 Two more lines are going to have to be added some day Bombed 1940 Rebuilt 1946 This little wrecked church seemed to me to be symbolic of the cruel fate visited on two coasts by its geog raphy From the very day Calais was occupied by the Germans an artil lery duel has been under way be security legislation Dewey said tHe act was passed by a nonparti san vote overwhelming propor tion In 1935 andthat just once in the 9 years since has there been any attempt to improve and ex tend that social progress That was in 1935 said the re publican nominee A few changes were made There have been many recommendations since but there have been no results Men and women everywhere are eager for concrete definite proposals Speaking in a state where thirty dollars every Thursday once was a popular slogan for an old age pension proposal Dewey offered this program 1 Expansion of old age and sur vivors insurance to provide cov erage for farmers domestic work ers employes of nonprofit enter prises selfemployed persons gov ernment workers domestic help and members of the armed forces whose benefits would be reduced by their service 2 Widening of unemployment insurance to include the groups which are now unprotected 3 Return of the employment service to the states and its merger with unemployment insurance agencies 4 Development in cooperation with our free and independent medical profession of a means for assurance of medical service for those of our citizens who need it and who cannot otherwise ob tain it 5 Establishment by the states and local communities of an in formation service to tell veterans the eastern front coupled with air blows but falling back into Germany has given them advan tages of easy supply with stocks FR TO SPEAK SATURDAY NIGHT Prepares Bid for 4th Term in White House Washington resident champ to his po litical his final workout at the white house Sat urday before his verbal bout Sat urday night with the opposition in his historic bid for a 4th term Four of his speech consultants were on hand late Friday night and early Saturday giving a wealth of material a goingover with blue pencil before the presi dent himself compressed it to the 3000 words he allows himself for 3 halfhours radio talk He speaks at a dinner of the International Teamsters Union AFL in the Statler hotel from to 9 p m central wartime NBC and the same labor unit thatheard his first campaign speech in the 3rd term drive The topic has not been announced but it was fairly obvious the speech would include a fresh ap peal to the labor vote and perhaps a few shots at charges made by Gov Thomas E Dewey against his administration In accepting a 4thterm nom ination in July the president said he would not campaign in the usual political sense but reserve the right to reply to any misrep REDS CLEARING BALTIC FOR USE OF RUSS FLEET Soviet Forces Fight Within Outer Defenses of Latvian Capital Moscow minesweep ers Saturday started clearing a safe channel for the red fleet to make its first combat cruise in the Baltic in 3 years following the capture of Tallinn Estonian naval where to get jobs how to get bene fits under the GI bill and how to continue their education Dewey said that from one side of the country to the other our people are determined that we are not going back to the 10 million unemployed we had in1940 They know that under the new deal we had to have a war to get jobs he declared as the crowd thundreded its applause You dont have to tell people that They havent forgotten it And they are worried about it They are worried about it be cause they remember that in all those long years from 1933 to 1940 this country failed for the first time in its history to achieve real economic security close at hand of fighting in friendly country and the psycho logical spur of fighting for hearth and homes These same factors enabled the Russians tohold the Gerinanls in 1941 and 1942 andtmUitary Tineri feel it would be stupid to rate the Germans any less courageous under the same circumstances tBan any other race Despite the split between the nazis and the German military caste Hitler is being obeyed Ger man soldiers are fighting and dy ing rather than give up an inch For the past week American forces west of Nancy have been attacking an estimated 2000 Ger mans in a wood in some of the heaviest smallscale actions of the war The Germans have been cut off with no hope of relief but they are fighting to the last Farther north on the edge of AlsaceLorraine German tanks forces outnumbered 3 or 4 to 1 without adequate infantry sup port have been attacking almost continuously for 4 days These do not appear to be the actions of people ready to throw in the sponge Some few prisoners say they believe Hitler has a new secret weapon which he has promised to unleash by the end of this month which will turn the tide butmost say they light because they feel there is nothing else to do The professional soldiers fight because they are ordered to do so The allies have their own prob lems which need time to lick It took about 50 days to build up the knockout military punch in Nor mandy Since then the allies have resentatlons uttered by the op position Except for 2 recent news con ference remarks Mr Roosevelt has kept his 1944 campaign under base and capital While Marshal Leonid A Gov orovs triumphant Leningrad army pushed without pause to clear re maining pockets from Estonias Baltic coast other soviet forces battled within the outer defenses of the Latvian capital of Riga in an effort to cut off land escape routes to the south The pressure on Riga steadily increased In the Balkans soviet artillery Fire rained inside southeastern Hungary as Marshal Eodion Malinovskys Russian Romanian spearheads thrust close to the Hungarian rail junctions of Bekes caba 110 miles east of Budapest and Szeged also on a trunk line leading to the Magyar capital Capturing Arad a 12way road and rail junction only 10 miles from the border the Russians were pressing the battle of Hun gary on a 50mile front defended by steel and concrete frontier fortifications with the heaviest pressure 20 miles north of Arad Here the Russians were barely 40 miles from Oradea on the major rail escape route of the German and Hungarian forces still deep in northern Transylvania Driving within 38 miles of Szeged the Russians launched the campaign for the capture of Bud apest lying directly in front across flat country with few nat BRITISH DRIVE TOWARD show di rections of allied drives in the Netherlands vicinity Brit ish troops pressed north toward Arnhem where paratroops were surrounded by Germans Americans pressed for ward near Aachen Broken line approximate front The pripaidehts aur dience Saturday night will Be about 900 union delegates from all over the United States and a few from Canada Radio time is to be paid for by the democratic national committee Philippine Puppet Rulers Declare War Against U S By LEONARD MILUMAN Associated Press War Editor The Japanese controlled Philippines republic has declared war on the United States Tokyo reportedSaturday as the aftermath of pre GERMANS HURL POWER AGAINST SUPPLY ROUTE Trapped Allied Sky Troops Assert Their Morale Is Still High London armor and U S parachute troops battled Sat urday to force the upper branch ot the Rhine in Holland and join a pocketed British airborne division HOLDING ON GRIMLY in or near Arnhem across the stream Supreme headquarters had no word of a linkup of the 2 forces Z4 hours after the relief columns bat tered to the southern bank of the river through a 6 mile wall of Ger man blood and steel Mobile hammered out in support of the lost division battling in defiance of nazi surrender ultimatums The British land drive already had linked with airborne forces dropped on the southern side of the Rhine branch Intense fighting marked the long stretch of American front in Ger many and in France and a front dispatch declared the Germans were feverishly building defenses on the east bank of the German Rhine in expectation ultimate collapse of their westwall stand British and American troops were meeting sternest resistance in the fighting to cross the Neder Rhine near Arnhem relieve the isolated sky troops and fashion a spearhead for invasion of northern Germany But 25 to 30 miles south Ger man armor cut the rescue road from Eindhoven to Nijmegen Fri day night and a swirling seesaw battle raged along the relief route of them not had time to draw a deep VlfnifU KILLED IN ROCK QUARRY Pella L Cornick 31 of Knoxville was killed in an ac cident at a rock quarry where he was employed 4 miles north of here tween the 2 cities which scowl at each other from their respective chalk cliffs In those 4 years the Dover area has had a total of 3 016 signal to citizens to seek shelter There have been 160 shellings and the same number of air attacks including more than a few robot bombs No other city in all history has been called upon to undergo such an ordeal as this Figuratively surely if not literally Calais fall will mean Bluebirds over the white cliffs of Dover breath A flight to the rear with Pilot Lt Edgar Smith Chicago reveals a trail of broken bridges and wrecked communications UM t h countless crews working at top speed to repair them i The problem is about the same as if all the railroad bridges be tween New York and Cleveland had been torn up and it suddenly became necessary that Cleveland and Ohio be fed and clothed from New all bridging ma terial and most locomotives and rolling stock being brought from England That is the position of the op posing forces now If Hitler were killed and the nazis thrown from power the po sition might change overnight but if Hitler stays in power it Is an even money bet among the men dohvr the fighting that there never will be an armistice such as ended the last war Many of these men and officers feel the Germans will fight until exhausted and until the armys ability to make war is broken then the armies will break up and surrender piecemeal and the nazis will engage in guerrilla warfare In this ease the allies may have to fight all the way to Berlin be fore the war could be considered MUST PREVENT SMALL WARS Biicker US Must Use Force to Keep Peace Boston Mass United States must be ready to unite with other nations to prevent by force the outbreaks of small wars which might lead to a 3rd great World war should persuasion or eco nomic pressure first fail Gov John W Biicker of Ohio said Sat urday The republican vice presidential candidate speaking before the Massachusetts state republican convention charged that the ad ministrations international pol icies of day by day expediency had led the nation into the pres ent war Heproposed the establishment ofa world court to arbitrate and conciliate international disputes Small wars he said lead to worldwide conflagrations and economic sanctionsmust be ap plied at incipient trouble points The Russian war bulletin said Marshal Govorovs army in addi tion to taking Tallinn captured 800 more towns Friday including the strategic rail junction of Tapa 43 miles southeast of the Estonian capital Airmen from the Baltic fleet blasted nazi evacuation ships In the Tallinn harbor sinking 3 loaded troop transports and dam aging other vessels POLES REPORT REDS ARE CROSSING VISTULA London are again crossing the Vistula at Warsaw and heavy fighting is going on in sectors of the western bank where the soviet units are landing a broadcast communique from Gen Bors Polish partisan headquarters announced Saturday The communique made public by the Polish government in exile here said Bors forces were at tacking the Germans from the rear Russian authorities have re mained silent on the operation perhaps waiting until a bridge head within the Polish capital Is secured Bor acknowledged receipt of food dropped in Warsaw by soviet planes Friday night He said however that the food situation remained critical Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaxettc carrier boy invasion raids that knocked out more than 740 defending planes and 262 surface craft in 2 weeks Puppet President Jose PLaurel whohas to con script Filipinos to Japan named Interior Minister Teofilo Sison as comraanderinchief of the forces and Nipponapproved provisional governors as com manders of conscripts in the provinces Tokyo boasted that the forth coming American invasion of the islands would give the Japanese a chance with one strategic blow to bring complete destruction of the enemy The broadcaster pre sumably meant that Japans elu sive fleet would at last come out to fight The fleet has been leaving all the lighting to imperil ground forces which are overrunning Chi nese armies on the continent and putting up a bitter defense on Peleliu island in southern Falau 600 miles east of the Philippines A flotilla of 7 Japanese barges trying to bring aid to the Peleliu garrison was demolished by an American gunboat and carrier planes The enemy continued to resis bitterly from heavily fortified de fense positions on Umorbrogo mountain Adm Chester WNim itz reported as the invasion wen Into its 9th day U S carrier and landbasei bombers ruling the skies sout of the Philippines knocked out Japanese vessels and routed 1 convoy of 12 small freighters Captured Jap Says YqirGan Retake Guam 5ut Never California New York Irene Ly man reported Saturday that she received a letter from her son Alfred a marine who landed on Guam with the first wave of American troops He wrote I captured my first Jap today and vhen I questioned him he said You may take Guam but you will never recapture California This Issue Contains 44 Football Schedule North Iowa football fans will find a full page schedule of the 1941 grid season on page 11 of this issue of the GlobeGazette It is divided into sections and includes all service teams and the scores of games played last year Clip it out and keep for handy reference during the cur rent campaign a PRESS CLUB ENRAGED Spokane Wash Feyer abend of the Spokane Press club says hes getting tired of explain ing to people who come in tender a garment and say Put a sharp crease in it will ya A sign over the buildings marquee reads simply Club Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Occasional light rain or drizzle Saturday Partly cloudy with slowly rising temperatures Sunday Cooler Saturday night with frost northwest and north central portions Moderate winds Minnesota Fair and cool except warmer northwest portion Sat urday night Light to locally heavy frost south and east por tions Saturday night Sunday fair and warmer Mason City Clearing and colder Saturday night with touches of frost on lowlands Sunday fair warmer by afternoon Monday increasing cloudiness and warmer IN MASQN CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 57 Minimum Friday night 47 At 8 a m Saturday 47 Rain 51 inch YEAR AGO I Maximum Minimum 66 32 STRATEGIC RHINE a prewar view of the strategic bridge over the lower Rhine river at Nijmegen the Netherlands on the route to trapped members of the 1st allied airborne army up which the British 2nd army had pushed The breakthrough slicing to the Rhine below Arnhem was made ina6imle drive byjune of alns finest regiments ported by airborne troops fighting as infantry It already had linked up with another airborne force dropped as reinforcements just 2 days ago below the upper arm of the Rhine The drive vastly eased a situa tion which Friday night was de STribed as critical Juncture of the British ground drive and the sky soldiers over the river would open the Ruhr road to Berlin but it was not dis closed who now holds the stra tegic Arnhem bridge Fierce Ger man attacks beat upon the pock eted British One German counterblow cut the EindhovenNijmegen road near Veghel and the outcome of a pitched battle there was NOT yet known The enemy command was hurl ing every bit of fanatical SS fight ing power it had in the north into attempts both tobreak the British 2nd army supply stream across Holland and to hold LtGen Sir Miles C Dcmpseys armor apart from the sky troops in the Arn hem foothold Germans fought and died in their tracks by the Even now the road from Nijmegen 10 miles north to Elst below Anr hem was not entirely free from counterattack While critical and perhaps de cisive battles raged over Dutch soil 3 American armies were fighting heavily against Germans making a backstotheRhine stand Nazi resistance was FERO CIOUS and desperate U S first army men nonethe less captured the town of Stolberg 6 miles beyond Aachen after a bitter housetoh o u s e struggle Doughboys mopped up little vil lages nearby but were unable to advance farther east toward the Rhine city of Cologne 28 miles from the most advanced elements There was no news of any fur ther advances in the Pram or Trier wedges where German re sistance had stiffened appreciably Supreme headquarters said Americans were forced to give up some ground east of Dieklrch 23 miles northwest of Trier but de clared the Americans had not been forced back across the Ger man border The American 3rd army smashed one German counlerassault 5 miles below Metz and one of the biggest armored battles of the in vasion thundered into its 5th day on the Lorraine plain between Nancy and Strasbourg its out come yet untold Seventh army men meanwhile strengthened positions east of Pe inal midway between Nancy and Belfort wedged closer to the highway town of Remiremoni farther south and held its cross ings of the narrow upper Moselle la Seahawks Minnesota FINAL Indiana Illinois FINAL Purdue Great Lakes 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