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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 22, 1952, Mason City, Iowa North logos Doily Newspaper tor Horn Associated Press and United Prett Full Wires CITY GLOBE NIWSFAftR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGH I O H S HOME EDITION a Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor We All Have Some Sea in Our Blood POR weeks at least and I think maybe for months a little vol ume has been peering down at me in V most inviting way from an endposition on the shelf for cur rent books in my library The other night I could stand up un der the invitation no longer This t on Fund is to report that 1 was well re warded in the reading The 230page book including Index is titled The Sea Around Us Its a fascinating story about the dominant feature of our planet from the time of its inception Its the story of the oceans And perhaps the most surprising the woik is that its the work of a woman Rachel Carson While she had help from many au thorities in the field of ocean ography geographers geologists archaeologists and other specialists in the wide scope touched on in the book its essentially Miss Carsons own handiwork She establishes herself as a competent scientist and a skillful writer One of those who gave assistance to her and shows up at several places in the book is Thor Heyer dahl of Oslo Norway Does the name register Hes author of KonTiki another book about the ocean which has had spectacular success within the past year And Isnt itstrange how great hasbeen the popularity of books about the sea in recent months Circumstantial Evidence s Call for Repeal TH Gets Wild Cheer NEW YORK inCheering dele gates to the American Federation of Labor convention rbared pound ed tablesand yelled approval Mon day when repeated his belief that the Taft Harlley actshould lie scrapped A iampackedr audience in the ho tel where the AFL is holding its convention interrupted Stevenson for nearly a minute in a wild ova tion Stevenson previously urged re peal of the Jaw in a Labor Day speech at Detroit But the AFL K u he voicedthe same senti ment Monday Democratic presidential nominee was Jntroduced by AFL President William Green who said Thereare many of us sitting in this hall who believe he is thenext President of the United Stevenson blasted Republican claims that he hasadvocated com pulsory arbitration of labor dis putes It was charged that I had em braced the principle of compul Because nobody was on hand to witness the process the account of how the Earth acquired an ocean must be pieced together from many sources Rocks and fossils are among the best historians of those times estimated at around two billion years by Miss Carson In cases where there werecon flicting hypothesesthe author ex ercised her prerogative of select ing the one which appealed most to her among and had greatest sanction those ina positionto judge No reader is required to go along with her against ar prior convic tion But the story she tells will cause any such person to reex amine his prior convictions To me one of the most absorbing subjects dealt with in The Sea Around Us was that of tides There were tides in the infant earth were told long before there was an ocean Molten liquids of the earths surface were subject to the pull of the sim in just the same way that the oceans are today with this difference There was no land thento block the tidal move ments Moon Cast Off by Earth And therein lies one of the most mindarresting propositions ever advanced From those tides the moon may have been born Under that hypothesis the moon becomes the child of the earth The story goes thus in Miss Carsons words Physicists have calculated that after some 500 years of steadily in creasing tides those on the side to ward the sun became too high for stability i and a great wave was torn away and hurled into space But immediately of course the newly created satellite became subject to physical laws that sent it spinning in an orbit of its own about the earth There are reasons for believing according to The Sea Around Us that this sloughing off of the earths crust occurred after there had been some hardening instead of during the partly liquid state There is to quote from Miss Carson to this day a great scar on the surface of the globe This scar or depression holds the Pa cific Ocean Here she quotes some geo physicists as saying that the floor of the Pacific is composed of ba salt the substance of the earths middle sections while all other oceans are floored with a thin layer of granite We immediately wonder ob Miss Carson what became of the Pacifics granite covering and the most convenient assump tion is that it was torn away when the moon was formed Before Oceans Were Formed All of this if we accept the hypothesis was not only before the advent of life on earth but before the oceans had appeared About the hot earth were dense layers of clouds No sun could get water would turn to steam from the earths heat i Then came the cooling of the crust and an age of rains of rain that poured into the waiting ocean basins in which ultimately was produced that mysterious and wonderful stuff CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 2 Fugitives Pdliceman Killed in Fierce Fight Third Desperado From Pennsylvania Prison Is Captured Alive turnon a Pennsylvania road led to the end of an interstate trail of terror for two escaped convicts who were phot dead in afurious gun battle wM Manhattan police A third desperado is in jaicharod Wirn hrrrmpirlA nnrl For J turfiyeu t LrllJ1 VI with homicide and facing possibility of the death chair A detective was mortally wounded in the hail of submachin gun and pistol fire Elude Dragnets The three fugitives were trapped by police Sunday after eluding dragnets spreadfor in Penn sylvania One member of the trio was cap tured unhurt as 31 policemen blasted their way into an apart ment hideolil Joseph Nolen 26 and his brother Ballard 22two guncrazy bad men from Harlan County Ky intheroaring five minutes of closerange fire Detective Philip Lamonica 45 shot three1 times in the chest died in a hospital a short time later Detective Nicholas Cotter 34 was seriously wounded Captured was Elmer Schucr 21 of Chicago who broke out of the Lewisbuig Pa Federal Prison with the Nolen brothers on Sept 10 They Had been serving long terms for bank robbery There was an ironical twist o the trio never in tended to come to New York Wrong Road After their escape they wanted to head for Scrantqn Pa but took a wrong road turn in a stolen car When they found themselves head ed for New York they figured they might as well lose themselves in the crowds of the big city police said The fugitives were surprised in a tryst with threeUNegro women all of whom were seized and held as material witnesses Fall Frost to Hit Iowa at Same Time DES MOINES and the first heavy frost will have ren dervous in Iowa Monday night the Iowa Weather Bureau says Fall will arrive in the state shortly after 8 pm And1before moderate to heavy frost will descend oh northwest and north central Iowa There will be scattered light frost in the Weather Bureau said The forecast is for cooler tem peratures Monday night with low readings of 32 to 38 degrees in the northwest and 38 to 42 in the southeast followed by slightly warmer weather Tuesday with afternoon highs of 68 to 74 by asking for the power as President to compel arbitration of disputes which threaten the na tional safety he saidin his pre pared address Now after the great reunion on the loveseat at Columbia Univer sity I respect the generals Eisen howers authority on the subject of embraces But if he wrote what he said he had not read what 1 said My proposal was and is that if Congress sees fit to direct the President to intervene a labor dispute it should give him the authority to try among other things to have that dispute re ferred to arbitration I did not say he should be given the power to compel arbi tration I recommended a flexibili ty of procedures all built around the mediation process to replace the present requirement that in all of these cases the collective bar gaining process be stopped dead fay a court order He said Taft himself has pub licly recognized 23 mistakes in his favorite law The Democratic presidential can didate then compared the law to a tire and he said A tire with 23 punctures and five blowouts needs junking and not a recap job with reclaimed Republican rubber Stevenson listed five proposals for bolstering the Department of Labor They were 1 Given sufficient funds the Bureau of Labor Statistics could setter perform its essential serv ice as keeper of the peoples bud get 2 We should consider a labor counterpart of the Agricultural ex tension help train Jhe men who make democracy workT 3 Rettithingmen who are re placed by machines and directing them to new jobs 4 The National Labor Relations NIXON WAVES TO Ore Sunday night Early Monday answer the controversy over man Jess Card t i Ap Reds Say Truce Talks Void UN Releases South Koreans MUNSAN Korea UP Th Communist Radio Peliping sal Stolen at SUI Fraternities IOWA CITY onPolice Monday iere investigating the burglary of wo fraternities on the University f Iowa campus in which was a ken from the billfolds of iving at the houses Students living at the Sigma Phi Epsilon fratermly reported a total f taken hi Kappa Sigma fraternity also eported taken from three boys uring the early morning hours men unday Board operating outsidethe La bor Department but in this same field must be staffed to process cases in half thetime it now takes 5 The program of the migrant farm laborers over one million Americans who move with the sun and the seasons their lives often a Weak cycle of bleak exploita tion and rejection certainly invites compassionateattention to release 11000 South Korean from prison stockades makes th basis of the armistice talks nu and void Four More Polio Cases Four additional cases definitely diagnosedas polio were reported Monday by the Cerro Gordo Chap ter of the National Fund for In fantile Paralysis Stephen 7 son of Mr and Mrs David J Foster Route 3 Rock well was taken to University Hos pitals at Iowa City Monday after noon His condition was reported as fair Rose Marie JO daughter of Mr id Mrs J VBurris Route J ason City has been in Blank Memorial Hospital DCS Moines since Wednesday She was re ported improved Monday but has paralysis in her left arm and right leg Mary Ellen 13 daughter of Mr and Mrs Kenneth Nyhus Clear Lake was taken to Mercy Hospi tal Mason City last Thursday and was reported Monday to have a very mild case James Mahoncy 34 934 16th N E also was taken to the Univer sity Hospitals at Iowa City Mon day afternoon Roy Faleo 35 of 1703 Coolidgc S W was taken to University Hospital Iowa City Monday for treatment of poiio He had been ill about a week in a Mason City hospital 2SESS ineetcoverec bodies of Joseph and e brothers and a detective died in in a short gun fight The Nolen broth i escajxid from Lewisbursr Pa fprl eral prison Sept 10 ja lea Polio Kills Son Then House Burns STORM LAKE MVMr and Mrs Lawrence J Kiernan who lost their only son to polio last Friday lost their house to fire Sunday The couple and their two small daughters were attending church when the fire broke out However they were were able to save their household furnishings and clothing Shortly after the second tragedy radio station KAYL and the Junior Chamber of Commerce appealed for help for the family During the 90minutc benefit radio s h o w in cash and in pledges jwcre turned in Quoting observers in Kaesong the headquarters ofithc Red truce Peiping said the prisone lists exchanged between the Allies and the Communists Dec 18 form the sole agreed basis W truce discussions Unilateral Disposal The unilateral disposal of pris oners on those lists must render the whole basis of the talks null and void fhc broadcast said Allied officials announced Satur day approximately 11000 South Koreans have been from prisoner of war to civilian in lerriec status and will be released beginning Oct 1 38000 Persons They were the last of 38000 per sons originally held as prisoners of war during the early hectic days of the war who have been or will be released after thorough screening They were not included in the list of 83000 the United Nations in tends to return to Ihe Reds after an armistice r The truce talks have been dead locked for months over the issue of forcodvsvoluntary repatriation Whether Mondays broadcast from Peiping meant the next meet ing Sept 28 will take place as scheduled was uncertain Allies Score Victories in Hill Fighting in Air The UN ground Victory v j 1 j i J f V WAJ f U jet pilots who damaged Communist MIGrl5 tjets t jring lheirScptiembertoll of MIG to 102vThe number equalled the record monthly scoreof the Ki rcan war The Reds captured the Easier ront height cariy this morning The Allies counterattacked at day defenders y was matched in the air by Subre t ll T 1 11 f I ANNOUNCING A Change in Subscription Rates Effective iMonday Sept 22 the carrierdelivered price of your GlobeGazette in the carrier delivery limits of Mason City and Clear Lake will be 35c Per Week Your carrier salesman will receive a fair share of the 5c per week increase for faithful service Thenickel increase was made necessary by rapidly increasingcosts and two per ton advances in the price of Canadian newsprint in the past 14 months The first carrier collection on the new rate will be the week ending Sept 27 The single copy price will be 7c 72 Hours of Hell SEOUL Korea Amer ican soldiersplayed deadin battle bunker on Old Baldy and lived to tell of a 72hour night mare without food water or med ical attention When their buddies from the U S Second Infantry Division re captured the rugged hilt Sunday the five dazed men crawled or were carried from their under ground shelter They had huddled in the log and earth cave under the pound I of Allied and Communist guns Twelve men had crawled t into bunker Thursday evening when an assault force of Chinese swarmed over their positions Seven died in the bunker ormay have escaped During the ordeal the men in he bunker lay behind the bodies of their dead fellows and kept still hoping hoping hoping the Reds would think them dead too They hoped too that their buddies would soon retake the hill and get them out Both prayers were answered break using lanks and had foughl Ihcir way to within 300 yards of the crest by am In another drive aboul noon the Allies were stopped by heavy Red artillery mortar and machine gun fire Crawling and battling their way up the steep hill Chcy finally reached the top of the peak and drove the North Koreans down the slope At 4 pm they reported the hill was once more theirs Nebraska Leader Challenges Iowa LINCOLN Nebraska Repub ican State Chairman David Martin ias issued a challenge to Iowa and Kansas stale chairmen He is willing to bel them a beef hat Nebraska will outvote Iowa nd Kansas percentagewise inNo vember Ejfqted Miners Get Demands Bqck in Pits a Day Averts Walkout PITTSBURGH WNorthern soft oal miners elated over a new Contract which removes all threat of a strike and boosts daily wages to a new high headed back to the pits Monday United Mine Workers President John L Lewis completed the agreement Saturday night with L Moses presidentof the Bituminous Coal Producers Asso ciation just a few hours before the 70000 miners were scheduled to go on strike a Day The new pact gives the men a daily pay raise of increasing vages to a day U also requires operators to pay ilo the UMW welfare fund 4 mis for each ton of coal pro duced Under tho old pact opera ors wererequired to pay 30 cents But the settlementwith the bi uminous association doesnt cloar iway all clouds in the nations coal ndustry The Southern Coal Producers Association not involvedin the grcemenl has called a meeting of s directors for Wednesday in vashington UJCJJU td wan and paje at the aftermldnigSt news conference and later under Conflicting Reports on His Future Ike ignores Issue in WhistleStops By THE WIRE SERVICES PORTLAND OreSome posi tive action and much contradictory speculation took place Monday in the controversy over Sen Richard Nixons expense account Nixon abruptly brokeoff his campaign tour of the Nodhwest to fly to Los Angeles to give a nationwide television report on the fund Tuesday night Butat tho same time hcv said he would resume his lour 1 e GOP vice presidential nomi nee would not saywhether meant he would remainoh the Re publican ticket as runningmate to Gen Dwighl D Eisenhower Sudden Shift The sudden shiftin plans duced varying opinions One fac5 lion hailed the action as an almost positive indication that Nixoa would stay on the ticket Another group felt just as emphatically that the break off in theTcampaignj slour meant that Nixon asked to resign 4 t Nixon received a long distance telephone call from Eisenhower Sunday night presidential nomineefor about 20 minutes Earl Monday he told newsmen was suspending his whistlftstop tour orlhePacific5Northwest to mako the television speech and complete entire financial NationabRepublican leaders Iral Ifed more than radio Nixons GOP headquarters atlWashingtoa said Nixon will makehisnation wide speech from pm ST Nixonsappearance will bespon sored by the Republican National Committee GOP Senatorial and CongressionalCampaigncom Asked 1 Asked if Eisenhower had asked him o resign Republican ticket Nixon paused then replied i wilt resume my tour The young Californian appeared Dr accompanied the h i Pritchard e Nixon parly on its trip north from California Demo Charges J Disclosure of thecj donations by rAH About The Weather Mason City Generally fair Mon day night and Tuesday Moderate frost Monday night with low 32 owa Frost Monday night rang ing from moderate to heavy northwest and north central to light scattered southeast Mostly fair Tuesday liwiesota Considerable frost MOH fay night Tuesday mostly fair warmer in the GlobeGazette weather data up to am Monday Maximum 73 Minimum 39 At 8 am 45 Prccipkrtion 13 EAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 3Q pro vokcd Democratic charges that his acceptance of the money while serving as a senator was morally wrong Andit brought demands for his resignationas the Republi cans choice for Vice PncsidenfM Some Republicans feared other wise that itwould cripple oneoC tneumajor campaign against scandals in the Tritniait administration The 39yearold candidate who has charged an attempted smear by left wingers over the fund said he has arranged for a half hour radio television broadcast from Los Angeles over both the CBS and NBC networks Sen Harry P Cain to accompany Nixon on his Ihrough Washington will take over the CaHfornians speaking schedule until he gets back on his campaign itinerary Nixon said he will resume the iour probably in Montana where he was scheduled to speak next Wednesday Nixon earlier had given out word that he would issue a complete statement Monday on his entire financialhistory But Press Secre tary James Basselt said thisun usual accounting would be incor porated in the radio television speech possibly with a supplemen tary detailed report When this latter statement will be issued has not been determined Smith Gives Report A report on expenditures from the fund already has been given by Dana F Smith of Pasa dena Calif a trustee thefund at Nixons instigation along with a list of the contributors Nixons postmidnight announce ment came just six hours before his special train was to have left for Seattle with speech making whistle slops along the way r f The California senator looked calm and more he ;