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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 22, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR HOME Pres Full Lease MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Cents Copyl Tax Measure Nearly Ready for President MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 22 1950 HOME EDITION uimj By FRANCIS M LEMAY wlfAP put on President Trumans desk the way Friday to nightfall the with the measure his signa ture was taken for granted It will bring the Korean war and the big rearmament program close to every American family The government 9 days from now ine government 9 days from now UVGl S will begin taking about onefifth D U I U more allowing for F nilOSODnV of every work H Des Moines president of the National Farmers Union ers pay Another Follows Russia for n Moreover this tax increase will Korea and says he is totally in be followed by another probably disagreement with Fred W when congress returns after the Stover Iowa president on inter November elections The 2nd bill national affairs This would put tax collections lit a record high level The idea is to put the rearma ment nearly as pos a payasyougo basis The present bill raises by al most the income taxes on more 1jhan 50000000 in dividuals boosts by about House Okays Tax Legislation 3287 Washington house overwhelming approval Friday of a 1st Installment taxboosting bill to help for the costs of arming against communist aggression Quick senate passage was ex pected The house vote was to 7 000000 a year rates on normal corporation income and picks up more millions by loophole plug ging and other tax law changes It exempts from income taxes the GIs fighting in Korea and provides tax incentives for indus try to shift to the production of fighting equipment Felt by All The increase in individual in come taxes will be felt in vir tually every Americans pocket book On Oct 1 the income tax with holdings from wages and salaries will be increased As an inllustra tion of what it will mean take a man with a wife and one child If Hit ITteklr It I 40 56 55 6fl 75 100 150 He Now Weekly 03Q 110 180 250 340 550 960 1740 Oct HI Tax Will Be 040 130 220 310 410 660 1150 2100 The higher taxes will be felt In some other ways For example the bill puts a new 10 per cent excise impost upon television sets Excess Profits Later The increase in normal corpora tion tax rates is retroactive to apply to onehalf of 1950 corporate income The bill also embodies a pledge that congress will come back later to act upon a multibillion dollar levy on excess profits which its sponsors contend will stop war profiteering It was only by this agreement to act later on the big profits tax to be retroactive to Oct 1 or July 1 1950 that a deadlock was broken on the present measure Many members wanted it voted at once BULLETIN SUBVERSIVE BILL VETOED Washington President Truman Friday vetoed the bill to curb subversives The presi dent sent a long veto message to the house which was waiting to override him on the issue He called the bill a measure which would give aid and comfort to those who would destroy us BAME BMWM tmth M This Paper of Two No Z9S the Iowa Farmers Union In his statement to the con vention Patton said Russia has obstructed the development of the United Nations with vetoes and other actions Pledges Union Support He said the National Farmers Union support of the United Na tions effort is clear and un equivocal and that Americans are dying in Korea in defense of an invaded people The statement called attention to the position adopted by the National Farmers Union executive committee which stated the North Korean aggressors were trained and agitated into waging war on South Korea by Russia In his other statement prepared for the press Patton said he felt certain that the members of the Iowa Farmers Union too almost to a man disagree with Stover But he added that his error does not make him a communist This was an apparent reference to the senate speech last week in which Senator Bridges RN H said communists had achieved considerable success in infiltrat ing the National Farmers Union He specifically mentioned the Iowa organization and mentioned Stover as one of the leaders of the communistdominated pro gressive party Stover a national cochairman of the progressive party termed Bridges speech a smear attack The party opposes United States action in Korea Stover Called Sensitive In my opinion Fred Stover is a sensitive Iowa farmer embittered and enraged bythe undeniable in equities and injustices which he has seen who is honestly mistaken in his solution on international not a danger to our nation Pattons statement said In his convention statement Pat ton called upon the Iowa organi zation in all of its actions to give full support to the position of the National Farmers Union Stover said that as president of the Iowa group he had taken no position on Korea Any position he may have as a member of the progressive party he said is a separate matter The convention must decide Saturday whether to reelect Sto ver as president Stover has not filed for reelec tion He said he wants the conven tion to avoid personalities while considering his parity and peace program He added he wants everybody to know that I dont wear the HitlerGoebbelsChurch ill label RECOGNIZES SON IN PRISONER Ruth M Soiia a clerk ir the county superintendent of schools office in San Berriardino Cal believes the soldier to whom she is pointing in this Associated Press Wirephoto is her son Pvt Edward M Soria 19 The picture is one distributed by Eastfoto a New York picture agency which said it came from the China photo service of Peiping and shows a group of American prisoners of war in Korea Original caption said man at the extreme left was Ed ward Sonia 19 San Bernardino but Mrs Soria says man at the right is her son The picture she holds appeared in Thursdays GlobeGazette Vishinsky Walks Out When Dewey Charges Reds Hold Million Slaves New York Y Vi shinsky and Jacob Malik walked out of a United Nations dinner Thursday night when Gov Thomas E Dewey said in a speech that the Soviet Union holds millions of slave laborers under conditions which amount to torture unto death As the heads of the Russian UN delegation strode off the dais Dewey remarked I must say I am complimented by the withdrawal of those who plot the destruction of the world There were cheers in the audience No Comment Vishinsky and Malik maintained a stony silence as they left the WaldorfAstoria dinner given for UN assembly delegates by the City of New York In the 3rd paragraph of his Written speech Dewey read It would be folly to ignore the harsh fact that while the Soviet Union has 10000000 to 15000000 people living in slave labor under conditions which amount to tor ture unto death no person any where in the world can sleep nights with any sense of security There was a murmur in the au dience of 1500 as Dewey began the sentence and widespread ap plause as he finished it Known to Russians The soviet exit began as Dewey reached the mention of slave la bor Vishinsky and Malik were off I the dais by the tinae Dewey fin ished the sentence Possibly Deweys speech was known to the Russians in advance Copies had been distributed to newsmen and some were on the reporters tables at the dinner The audience was hushed as Dewey completed his address Say ing he spoke as titular head of the republican party Dewey pledged G O P support for Secretary of State Achesons UN proposals for dealing with future aggression A similar pledge of support for Achesons UN proposals was giv en by another republican speaker Senator Henry C Lodge Jr of Massachusetts Guests of honor at the dinner were Gen Carlos P Romulo of the Philippines past president of the UN general assembly and Nasrol lah Entezam of Iran the new president Romulo who spoke after Dewey told the diners without mentioning Deweys speech I was going to make a speech I distributed copies to the news papers and I hope they print it But I thought in this congenial at it was controversial and dealt with the subject oC Ko felt it would be better to leave it to the press to publish Romulo then tossed aside u copy of his prepared speech and spoke informally 10000 Cornered Reds Battle Marines in Seoul Enemy Is Barricaded in Capital Streets Ralph Bunche Given Nobel Peace Prize Oslo Norway Ralph Bunche was awarded the 195i Nobel peace prize Friday for his services as United Nations medi ator in the Palestine war He was the 1st Negro to win thi coveted award Bunche 46 was honored for hL arduous work in arranging armis tice agreements between Israe and the Arab states Native of Detroit A native of Detroit Bunche was educated at the University of Cal ifornia Harvard Northwestern the London School of Economics and the University of Capetown Bunche was assigned the UN mediation task after the assassina tion of Count Folke Berriadotte of Sweden The award was announced by the Nobel prize committee of the Norwegian parliament which as usual did not announce the names of other candidates considered for the award 28 Nominated However they were known to have included Winston Churchill President Truman Gen George C Marshall and Indian Prime Minis ter Jawaharlal Nehru Altogethei 28 individuals and 6 institutions were nominated for the award Winner in 1949 was Britains Lord BoydOrr for his work as head of the UN food and agricul ture organization Bunche father of 4 children was expected to receive abou 30000 and a gold medal Stock Market Hits 19Year Peak Despite Late Drop New York stock mar ket Started to waver late Friday after sweeping to a 19year high in the morning Gains of a few cents to around a share were still in a majority but most prices were below the best levels of the day Rail stocks which powered the early advance fell back with the rest of the market Nickel Plate common held up better than most others Up an extreme of a share at at one time the stock retainec most of the gain Thursday N K P jumped a share Trading hit a fast pace through the day until demand faded in late dealings Turnover was at rate of around 2500000 shares SEES DRY VICTORY FairburyNeb UR The wets can see the handwriting on the wall and dry forces will win the battle to save the nation from drink national WCTU President Mrs Mamie Colvin said here Thursday night Gen Marshall Key Figure in Unified Army New York Big 3 forj eign and defense ministers disI cussed secretly Friday the U S proposals for rearming the Ger mans and using them in a unified j western European defense force Gen George C Marshall the j new U S defense secretary was considered the key figure in the discussion U S oiticials were counting on his worldwide influ ence to win over both the British and the French The British have warmed up a little to the idea of arming several divisions of German troops and integrating them in a unified de fense force but France so far has opposed it vigorously Marshall conferred with Secre tary of State Dean Acheson for two hours before the Big 3 huddle started Any agreement reached at this meeting must be submitted to the North Atlantic treaty council com prising the foreign ministers of all 12 member nations when it re convenes here next week VISHINSKY WALKS Vishinsky 2nd from the left soviet foreign minister smiles as he and aides walk through a corridor after walking out of a United Nations dinner in New York when Gov Thomas E Dewey told delegates that Russia has millions of slave laborers Man at the left is Alexander S Panyushkin soviet ambassador to the U S AP Wirephoto WHERE ALLIES DRIVE ON SEOIJL AND ITS LINK TO THE from the Inchon beachhead against the Korean commu nists open arrows already massedin Seoul or attempting to reach the city from the south The US 7th division entered Suwon A in a thrust to cut off those reinforce ments Two allied marine columns drove on Seoul B from the northwest and southwest engaging reds in handto hand combat At Kimpo airfield C allied forces fought off communists attacks Firm Beachhead Established at Inchon After Bold Gamble By HARRY FERGUSON United Press Foreign News Editor Balance sheet for this week be tween good news and bad in the hot and cold wars 1 We won a bold gamble at Inchon and our forces now are solidly established on the west coast of Korea We have cut the main communist supply line run ning south out of North Korea and with any luck we will cap ture a sizable part of the red army Splitsecond timing brought success at Inchon Robert C Mil ler veteranUnited Press war cor respondent described it as the best coordinated amphibious operation he had ever seen 2 The communists took a lick ing in the United Nations when they attempted to evict the Chi nese nationalists and take over their seat The vote was more than two to one in favor of Americas position that the nationalists should remain in the UN It showed that a solid body of world opinion is backing us against communist ag gression 3 Our casualties have been surprisingly light this week in Korea considering that our troops are on the offensive Normally troops that are attack ing can expect to lose 3 times as many men as the defenders es pecially if the enemy is dug into well fortified positions Our tanks reversing an earlier trend in the war how seem to be rulers of the ground attack 4 The Inchon landing caught world communist leaders off uard They were so confused by it hat for two days they attempted o keep the news away from their aeople The kremlin is on the spot Stalin is going to have to move fast to save the Korean war or abandon it as a bad deal Bad News 1 Just as we went over to the offensive in Korea the commu nists struck at another far eastern crisis point They attacked border orts in Indochina where the French have an army of 150000 men that has been trying to put down the reds There is every in dication that the IndoChinese communists have been trained ind armed by the Chinese reds The United States is committed o sending equipment to the French but not troops 2 Tension flared again in Berlin The communists began to act as though they might clamp another blockade on the German capita If they do it will be a serious drain on our air power 3 The big three foreign min sters met in New York with out reaching a definite decision on an all important vhether to create a western Ger man army to help us fight Mos in event of war The big stumbling block to solution of that problem is that the French do not want a big German army on their frontier Germany al ready has invaded France twice in one generation 4 There was a tendency around the world to relax in view of our amphibious landings in Korea The danger was that too many people might get the idea that the communist peril had passed and they could resume business as usual That is exactly the psy chology that Moscow is trying to foster in the democratic nations Keeps Name a Secret Miryang Korea pilot of a B26 landed his twoengine light bomber on a flying strip here Thursday The field seemed small He found it was reserved for grasshoppertype liaison planes A correspondent asked him his name My name Brother Id never tell my name after pulling a deal like this the pilot exclaimed Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair through Satur day Low Friday night 48 High Saturday 72 lowa Fair not much change in temperature Friday night and Saturday Low Friday night 48 to 54 High Saturday 70 to 76 Furtheroutlook Generally fair with seasonal temperatures Sun day and Monday Low Saturday night 48 to 52 High Sunday 70 to 78 Iowa 5 Day Weather Outlook Temperatures will average near normal Normal high 68 to 73 Normal low 45 to 49 Warmer Saturday Cooler M o n d a y Warmer again by Wednesday Rainfall will average less than onetenth of an inch occurring as scattered showers late Sun day or Monday Minnesota Fair a little cooler north portion Friday night Sat urday partly cloudy cooler northeast Low Friday night near 40 northeast to 46 south west High Saturday 5055 northeast to near 70 southwest IN MASON CITV GlobeGazette weather statistics forthe 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 65 Minimum 50 At 8 a m 53 Precipitation 38 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 44 7th Division Takes Suwon Airfield s By LEIF ERICKSON Tokyo AP Allied ma rines with bayonets and flame throwers battled 10000 Ko rean reds Friday night on the near outskirts of Seoul Fleeing civilians said the communists are hastily put ting up stone barricades and digging trenches in the streets for their lastditch defense of the Korean capital Bombing Constant The red defenders in the city are isolated by allied de ployments from getting out side reinforcements and their positions are under constant allied air bombing While bitter handtohand fight ing raged on two sides of the an cient city allied forces smashed out 20mile advances from both the old and new beachheads to cut off red reinforcements lor Seoul The airfield at Suwon 20 miles south of the capital fell to tank led units ofthe U S 7thdivision rolling dowil irojm theSeoul front Other elements city astride major rail lhte and highway leading up from the rapidly expanding southeast beachhead Stubborn Fight Allied forces were punching ahead on all sectors of the south east beachhead sectors the reds were retreating north ward but in others they fought stubbornly Hundreds surrend ered or were taken prisoner AP Correspondent Don White head with American and South Korean marines outside Seoul re ported that by midafternoon Fri day the marines had not entered Seoul proper but patrols were moving toward the city limits on the west side The sprawling city of more than 1000000 normal population may become one of the bloodiest battlegrounds of the Korean war1 Whitehead reported The reds are preparing for house to house fighting May Mean Destruction This could mean the destruc tion of a large part of the capital Whitehead said Red artillery roared into action against the marines from public park positions on South Mountain inside Seoul An estimated 3000 reds were reported to have honey combed the mountain on Seouls south side with deep defense works Whitehead said red defense forces were estimated to total 10000 Bayonets and flamethrowers were used by marines to cut a milewide swath through Seouls southwestern industrial suburb of Yongdungpo It is across the Han river from the capital AP Correspondent Tom Lam bert reported from the Seoul front Friday morning that the marines suffered relatively heavy cas ualties in closequarter combat through shellshattered factory buildings Avoid Fire Allied troops apparently were sparing Seoul from artillery fire to avoid destroying the capital by fire that would spread through its flimsier structures Marine Corsair fighterbombers closely supported the American and South Korean leathernecks on both sides of the city Marines on the north Seoul side of the Han river already have cut the rail and highway route to the northwest While one column swung south from the crossing 8 miles northwest of Seoul anotheri marine armored force took high ground north of the city Thus the allied artillery con trols the approaches from Pyong yang North Korean red capital 120 miles northwest of Seoul and coupled with the 7th divisions entry into Suwon this chokes off the reds from supply or reinforce ment from the north and south General Douglas grand strategy is to tie a noose around the reds Seoul supply and distribution center and then crush the red army in the south between the arms of a giant pin cer Unless wellorganized rein forcements can break through from the north it though the clamps would cloM No More InfonMtim There was no further word on 10th corps intelligence report Thursday that a mystery red ;