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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 22, 1947, Mason City, Iowa DEI IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 22 1947 Thfa Paper ConUH of Two BBMoMaecum w VOL LTD Preg nod United Proa full IxaMd Cento jmaun LIGHT NORTH IOWA FROST DAMAGE One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Clly SanflmT WTAD Qnlncy ToeJdiy 8 p m WO1 Amei Taeidij t m wstll CUT tM v m WICX Cosst p in Our UN Needs Some Important Revisions ONLY a person wearing rose colored glasses would say that the United Nations up to this time had justified the high hopes held for it when it came into be ing at San Francisco Its record of achievement hasnt been encour aging The situation with respect to the future of this organization which was established to bring and maintain peace to the world is so serious at the moment that a bit of stocktaking would seem to be very much In order Why has United Nations proved Is there any reasonable hope that it can be energized and con verted into a functioning agency in the future These are questions that need looking into A recent opinion sampling re vealed that about 4 out of 5 Americans still have confidence that something can be done to put substance into what only a few short months ago was a bright burning dream Moreover there was an even greater majority expressing the belief that this attempt should be made as the only alternative to resigning ourselves to more wars more terrible than those recorded by history To arrive at some idea of how the United Nations should be re constructed it neces sary to do some examining to de termine what the weaknesses are in the present structure TMMEDIATELY in this connec our thoughts turn to the veto provision written into the rules governing the security coun cil This had to be done to bring Russia into the organization It should be recalled however that the veto provision was not distasteful to the American dele gates It could probably be said that if Russia had not insisted on it our own spokesmen would have It was understood and clearly stated in the discussions at San Francisco that the veto would be employed only on major issues issues which bore on the sovereign rights and character of the se curity coundl members UT this isnt the way it worked out From the start Moscows spokesmen began voting no on just about every question that came before the security council tip to now the veto box score shows a total of of them Asks Billion for Marshall Plan NATIONS SEND ESTIMATE FOR 4YEAR SETUP Believe Program Will Put Countries on Then Feet by End of 1951 Paris e s t e r n Europe pledged itself to a program of self help Monday and asked the United States to send it under a 4year Marshall plan as a means of averting economic ca tastrophe This program the participating 16 nations declared could enable Europe to make her full contri the welfare of the button to world The request was made in a 20 000word document which will be dispatched to Washington after its signing here Monday by repre sentatives of the 16 nations which mapped their economic wants in Russia nboycotted conferences held here for 70 days Only a 1500word summary was made public Monday the text is scheduled for publication next weekend The American people through their government and their con gress will consider this program and determine whether the means can be found of supplying Europes needs the summary said B nothing is done a catastrophe will develop as stocks become ex hausted The report outlined a 4point selfhelp program aimed at put ting Europe on its feet by the end of 1 Astfohg production effort by each country 2 The creation of Internal fi nancial stability 3 M a x i m u m co operation B by the Russians French and 2 by the The net of it all is that the se curity the peace arm of the United has accomplished nothing con structive It is in this area that the UN record of futility has been most notorious THE French vetoes were regis tered on a proposal to con duct an investigation into affairs and on a parliamentary technical ity Neither was an extremely im portant matter But the Russian vetoes have been against fundamental pro posals to restore order to the and lessen the threats of future wars If it was a suggestion to bring atomic energy under world con trol with inspection extending every nation the Russians have had their mouth all puckered to vote no If it was a proposal to create a world police force Gromyko was in with some stalling counter proposal If it was a proposal to admit new members to the United Na tions Gromyko could be counted on for a negative vote Eight such membership applications have been rejected on a veto basis AND so looking back on the long months of wrangling at Lake arid elsewhere in previous meetings we find that the secur ity council has accomplished noth ing of importance Not even a good start has been made in the direction of limiting world armaments with their crushing tax load on the people Atomic control has got no where Rival interests have operated to prevent agreement on a course of action in Greece and elsewhere in the world where there is civil war and economic chaos Ireland Portugal TransJor dan Italy Austria Albania and CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 among the 16 countries 4 A solution of their trading deficit with the American conti nent particularly by exports As part of the production ef fort the conference envisaged 1 Grain production on a prewar basis with increases above the prewar standard in potatoes sug ar oils and fats 2 Coal production above the 1938 level and onethird higher than 1947 tonnage 3 Electrical generating at 166 per cent oil refining at 250 per cent and steel at 120 per cent in terms of 1938 production 4 Inland transport facilities to carry onefourth more than in 1938 5 Restoration of prewar mer chant fleets by 1951 The 16 nations expressed belief Europe could produce most of the machinery and other capital equip ment needed for the expansion program outlined and added The various countries have un dertaken to use all their efforts to develop their national production in order to achieve these targets The report estimated that 000000000 would be needed in efforts to stabilize the money cer tain countries left unnamed The quick success of stabiliza tion will to a very large extent depend on adequate foreign assist ance being available the confer ence said The report set at western Europesprospective dol lar deficitfor 194851 From this it subtracted for machinery and capital equipment needs which the report as sumed would be financed by the international bank for reconstruc tion and development Given favorable conditions the report said western Europe would have a 4year trade surplus of outside the west ern hemisphere Cabinet Food Group Agrees on Exports cabinet food committee agreed Monday on fut ure food exports they will rec ommend to President Truman Secretary of Agriculture Ander son announced the agreement to reporters but declined to give any details The committee meets with the president Monday after noon The food committee meeting was the first of a series of top administration conferences in cluding a cabinet luncheon on the general problem of how the United States can help Europe meet emergency needs this winter A part of this question is this 2nd one Should congress be called into special session to speed aid The food committee meeting held in Andersons office was at tended by Secretary of State Mar shall Secretary of Commerce Harriman UnderSecretary of State Lovett Secretary of War Royall Undersecretary of Agri culture Doddand food experts of the state commerce and agricul ture departments The cabinet committee is com posed of Marshall Anderson and Harriman Marshall declined to discuss the meeting except to say that he was satisfied with the results Because of this years short corn crop Anderson indicated Satur day that he would recommend that grain exports this crop year be cut substantially below last years 575000000 bushels Harriman has been directing studies of how much aid the United States can afford to give Europe without seriously disturb ing its own economyRoyalls in terest arises from thfe fact the army must see that order is main tained and the populations fed in occupied areas Anderson is the administrations top food official The presidents engagements called for a 30minute conference with Marshall alone preceding the cabinet luncheon He also had scheduled for midafternoon a meeting with Marshall Anderson Harriman and John R Steelman presidential assistant who spe cializes in economic problems GENERALLY LEAVES IOWA Enroute to Report to War Department Iowa City Gen John C H Lee former commander in the Mediterranean theater left here Monday for Washington General Lee and a crew of 5 departed at a m CST in his army C4T Although the gen eral did not say so he presumably was on his way to report to the war department The general arrived here Satur day coming directly to Iowa City from Europe for a visit wtih his wife bis sonLt Col John C H Lee Jr and the colonels family General Lees command was in vestigated by the army inspector general recently after a series of critical articles by Robert C BRITAIN WARNS OF PEACE FALL IN RED ACTION McNeil Asks Russia to Drop Its Unyielding Attitude on Problems New York warned Monday that if the soviet union persisted r trying to force its own will upon the world the unstable peace of the world will crumble and crash with hideous conse quences British Minister of State Hector McNeil delivered this warning be fore the United Nations assembly In a 6600word basic policy state ment for the United Kingdom He vigorously attacked Russia and at the same time appealed to Moscow to drop what he called its inflexible and unyielding attitude on world problems McNeil ridiculed the charges of Russias Andrei Y Vishinsky that there is warmongering in the United States McNeil called Vishinskys attack a comedy P1He then denied Vishinskys charges that the Marshall plan for economic aid to Europe threat ened the sovereignty of any coun try and accused Russia of ob structing atomic control and para lyzing the security council by her 20 Vetoes The United States held a de cisive edge over Russia in 3 im portant developments over the weekend They were 1 The powerful HnatUra steer ing committeeof voted 12 to 2 to recommend that the assembly consider Secretary of State Marshalls proposal for a little assembly yearround com mittee of the 55 member states Russia opposed this strongly but only Poland voted with the soviet against this recommendation 2 The steering committee also decided to recommend that the as sembly discuss Marshalls proposal for a full debate on the independ ence of Korea The vote again was 12 to 2 with Russia and Poland in the minority 3 Warren K Austin No 2 member of the U S delegation hurled libel and falsification charges at Andrei Y Vishinsky soviet deputy foreign minister who blasted the whole range ot American policies in a speech to the assembly last week Austin spoke Saturday night at a dinner meeting of the American Associa tion for United Nations In sharp contrast to Russian op position to almost every Hem that the United States has proposed for the generalassembly the United States offered no objection to a Russian resolution tossed in by Vishinsky at the end of his one hour and 33miriute broadside Thus the steering committee passed on tothe assembly without a record vote Vishinskys resolu tion calling on the assembly to condemn the criminal propa ganda for a new war which Vi shinsky charged was being car ried on particularly in the United States Turkey and Greece Moscow Radio Frost Threat Boosts Corn Market Prices By UNITED PRESS The threat of frost damage in northern Iowa sent corn prices soaring Monday as the govern ment launched a concerted attack on high food costs The nation closely watched its big gram and commodity markets hopeful that last weeks general decline in prices had set the pace for further reductions With the first word of frost from the cornbelt prices on the Chi cago board of trade the nations largest grain market shot up again Following an opening spurt in the market however prices dropped from opening highs May corn futures opened at a bushel up the 8cent limit permitted in a days trading July wheat sold in the first 10 minutes of trading for to S234 a bushel up to 61 cents over Saturday and May oats were up nearly 4 cents selling for a bushel Following the bulge wheat fell 4J cents corn 6i and oats 2i The early advances in grains had an immediate effect on the cotton market however Cotton futures were moving toward new highs for the day at New York City ranging from one to 17 points higher It was hoped that if prices con tinued to follow last weeks down ward trend on the livestock grain LATE PLANTED SOYBEANS AND CORN ARE HURT Farmers Report Tomato Vines Have Been Turned Black by Early Arrival North lowans shivered as they awoke Monday to the first day of fall which brought a heavy frost deposit and a low temperature 32 degrees at dawn according to the KGLO weather station Light to heavy frost was pre dicted by the Iowa weather bu reau for Mason City and vicinity Monday night with the tempera ture near 33 degrees The CAA weather and commun ications station at the Mason City municipal airport 5 miles west of the radio transmitter reported a low of 31 at a m Farmers who came to Mason City during the morning said the frost had turned tomato vines black and that it would cause some damage to late planted corn and soybeans Elmer W Krause Cerro Gordo county AAA chairman estimated the damage to late corn and soy beans at 25 per cent and pointed out that the wet weather during May and June resulted in more late planting than is normal in North Iowa He also called atten tion to small pods on the soybeans with 1 or 2 beans to the pods in AP Wirephoto NORTH IOWAN IN McKinley St Ansgar Iowa shakes hands with Jefferson Caffery U S ambassador to France at the American embassy in Pans following the arrival of the group of Iowa farmers in France The Iowa group is studying farm conditions m Europe and commodity exchanges prices would follow retail stead of the usual 3 Below freezing were reported at temperatures several Iowa World Food Outlook as Grim as 45 Says Herbert Hoover Perennial plants threeeighths water are about LOOK INSIDE Methodist Church Assigns Northwest Iowa Pastors See page 2 Y W CAPlans Fall and Winter Activities See page 6 Juvenile Delinquency on Increase in Iowa See state page All Big Nine Teams in Action on Saturday See sports page v Ruark ScrippsHoward columnist The general in an interview here declined to confirm reports that he would retire after 42 years of army duty He did say however that if I retire I will take a job with the Protestant Episcopal church as a lay worker Commenting on Ruarks articles the general said that those who complairiare nearlyalways in the minority and that the well ad justed persons on the whole will not complain of normal service discipline and conditions The general said that as theater commander he was responsible for everything and added in that theater I used the influence I had to establish adequate accommoda tions andliving conditions for the men under me Lee visited his wife and his son Lt Col John C H Lee 4 and the colonels wife and daugh ter Colonel Lee is studying engi neering at the University of Iowa under army orders In tonnage weight air Is the greatest raw material used by the iron industry Read The United States Army Message Today on Page 4 Hits American Action in UN London UR Radio Moscow poured out a flood of propaganda against the United States and its newspapers Monday and the soviet armys newspaper in Ber lin advised Americans to reflect upon what Russia did to the nazis The Russian radio tirade which began Sunday was pegged gen erally upon the United Nations general assembly meetingand es pecially upon American reaction to Soviet Deputy Foreign Minf ter Andrei Vinshinskys speech against the United States Thurs day American newspapers Radio Moscow said quoting a Tass agency dispatch were resorting to vulgar abuse and personal at tacks on members of the soviet delegation impudently disregard ing the rules of elementary de cency It said the speech had enraged the commentators of most Amer ican newspapers which are con trolled by large monopolies The commentators Radio Moscow said were unable to disprove the es sence of his Vishinskys accusa tions The New York newspaper PM Radio Moscow said recognized the justice of a number of state ments by the head of the soviet delegation Urges U S to Eat Less to Save Europeans From Mass Starvation New York Presi dent Herbert Hoover said Sunday night that the world food outlook for the next year was as grim as it was in 1945 and he urged Amer icans to eat less to save Europe from mass starvation Mr Hoover said there was a shortage of approximately 28000 000 tons of feed grains this year This he said would result in less feed grains for human consump tion and less meat for export Mr Hoover and Gen Joseph T McNarney former head of the American military government in Germany spoke at a rally held iii Madison Square Garden held to provide funds for German re lief McNarney warned that democ racy was on trial before the world and it may well be that if democ racy fails in Germany we will no longer have democracy here at home Mr Hoover outlined a 4point program to feed the starving peoples of the world First he urgedAmerican farm ers to give preference to feeding humans not animals Farmers he said must resist a tendency to feed wheatto animals because of a scarcity of coarse grains Second he advocated a volun tary reduction of food consump tion andcurbs against waste by processors The 3rd point hi his program advocated full cooperation by surplus countries and drastic con trol of distribution to eliminate the black market in deficit coun tries Finally he urged that our ex ports be handled in such a waj as to keep prices down and to halt hoarding and speculation 45000 New Yorkers ay Last Respects to Fiorello LaGuardia New York estimatec 45000 New Yorkers filed through the cathedral of St John the Di vine Sunday to pay their respect at the bier of their former mayor Fiorello H LaGuardia who diet Saturday morning at his Bronx home He was 64 LaGuardia mayor for 12 years will be buried late Monday i Woodlawn cemetery after Bisho Charles K Gilbert of the York diocese conducts the Epis copal service for the dead Punjab the name of an India province means land of fiv rivers STORM LASHING FLORIDA COAST New Blow Not Expected to Be Dangerous New Orleans La up j 60 miles per 15 miles below hurricane ere predicted Monday for storm avaged southern Florida as a new ropical disturbance moved swift across the Gulf of Mexico The storm center already lash ing the coast with rainlaced whistling squalls headed toward he Fort MyersTampa Bay area vhere it was expected to move nland Monday night It was only alf the intensity of the great At lantic hurricane which tracked estruction across Florida and then oared across the gulf to devastate he rich gulf coast and New Or eans The Miami weather bureau said he newest blow was not expected o be dangerous However the dismal job of tab ulating casualties and property lamage continued along the coast of Louisiana Mississippi Alabama and extreme northwest Florida 43 were known dead and therewas apprehension of extensive flood damage to compound the desola ion strewn by the hurricane it self Delayed reports from Gulfport Miss said beach areas still were blocked off and residents were warned away because of venomous snakes apparently washed ashore from outlying islands Several rep lies were killed measuring from 4 to 6 feet in length Power trucks were brought from upstate Mississippi to spray beach debris with DDT and lime to con trol odor and insects State and municipal authorities conferred Sunday on requirements and pre pared to ask the war assets ad ministration for relief stocks and heavy equipment to clean beaches and highways Heavy timbers also were sought for bridge repairs Arrest Driver as Car Kills Iowa Woman Davenport Katherine Marlow 36 died here Sunday night of injuries received 24 hours earlier when she was struck by a car Mrs Marlow was walking on Highway 67 east of Bettendorf when hit by a car driven by Ed ward Applewhite Davenport Ap plewhite was arrested for violat ing the state drivers Ijrense law Weather Report Mason City Fair and cool Monday night with light to heavy frost Low Monday night near 33 High Tuesday near 64 owa Fair Monday night not so cold northwest and somewhat colder southeast and extreme east with light to heavy frost east half of state Monday night partly cloudy and warmer Tues day and Wednesday Thursday mostly cloudy with showers beginning in west portion by afternoon light variable winds becoming southerly 15 miles per hour Tuesday and increas ing Wednesday temperatures Tuesday will range from aver age lows of 33 to average highs of 64 northeast and from 38 to 65 southwest on Wednesday from 42 to 70 northeast and from 50 to 80 southwest Minnesota Increasing cloudiness Monday night not so cold north and west portions slightly cold er with scattered frost southeast portions Tuesday increasing cloudiness and warmer with scattered light showers extreme north portion by evening IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 88 Minimum 52 At 8 a m Sunday 55 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 53 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 69 Minimum 32 At 8 a m Monday 39 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 57 owan Killed and 3 Injured in Car Crash Le Mars Pop ken 24 son of Mr and Mrs Otto Popken Craig was killed and 5 other young persons were injurec Sunday when the car in which they were riding overturned in a ditch on Highway 75 north of Sioux City The injured were Heinz Ren ken 24 of Ireton who Sherif Frank Scholer said was driver of the car Donald Anderson 20 Ha warden and Marion Johnson 17 of Ireton The 3 were treated a a Sioux City hospital points Monday morning as a mass of cool air moved across the na tion The frost arrived ahead of Iowas normal Sept 25 arrival date Points reporting light frost in cluded Ames and Charles City Spencer and Pocahontas with 30 degree readings reported the low est Iowa temperatures but neither point Sundays Iowa high temperature was 75 recorded at several points Rain fell in numerous areas over the weekend The heaviest falls were Davenport 455 Bur lington 437 and Keokuk 306 Other precipitation in the 48 hour period ending at 7 a m Mon day included Creston 18 Des Moines 25 Lamoni 68 Cedar Rapids 76 Dubuque 80 Waterloo 21 Marshalltown 86 Albia 109 and Oskaloosa 87 Sunday nights belowfreezmg weather will not cause serious damage to the Iowa corn crop Leslie Carl statistician for the Iowa crop and livestock reporting service said Monday A light frost will help the corn mature Carl said Unless temperatures continue below freezing for several days there is no reason to get concerned about the corn crop Carl said some of the corn might have been damaged by the cold weather Sunday night but gen erally speaking a frost will help mature the corn more rapidly un ess the cold weather continues or several days The cold wave had sent temper tures into the 20s in the Dako as and some parts of Minnesota nd northern Wisconsin At Chi ago the mercury dipped to 42 de rees It was 23 degrees at Land O akes Wis and Great Falls N Dak 24 at International Falls ilinn and Fargo N Dak 24 at ffinot N Dak and 25 at Bis marck N Dak The lowest temperature was re orded at Jamestown N Dak and Aberdeen S Dak where a low f 20 degrees was recorded The emperatures began dropping Sun day after the whipend of the hur ricane that hit Florida and the gulf coast lashed rain into the midwest By morning the cool wave blanketed the central states Fair weather was reported in most sections of the country SAME BUHI In put tl houri 2 KILLED 4 HURT IN HEADON CRASH Rochester Minn Min nesota and Iowa man were dead and 4 other persons 3 of them tovvans were in critical condition Monday following a headon au tomobile collision on Highway 63 south of here Saturday night Raymond R Bronner 21 Cresco Iowa the driver of 1 car was killed instantly His car crashed into 1 driven by Earl Jones 53 Spring Valley Minn who died in a Rochester hospital early Sunday Jones wife and a couple ndrng with them Mr and Mrs Ben Weeks Laurens Iowa were seri ously injured Richard Kryson 19 also of Cresco a passenger in Brenners car was reported in poor condition Bronners body is at the Brad ley funeral home at Cresco Fu neral services will be held at Granger Minn Wednesday ;