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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 22, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCMHTMENT OF HlftTOftV ARCH RkV THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Proa Full Leased Wilts Five Cents MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 22 1944 This Paper Consists Two One NO 301 Impressions of 10 Day French Visit By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 23 Mail Some things indelibly recorded ir m y m e m o r y following a 10 day visit to newly liberated France Norm andys orchards weighted down with hall ripe apples haw thorne hedge r o w s dividing tiny irregular ly shaped fields thousands of German pris oners working HALL on roads or inarching back to their camp St Lo an eternal monument to the barbarism of the institution knownas war Ancient but magnificant cha teaus in woodland settings taken over as military bases by our army great fields squad and pup tents fox holes some of them still being used by our boys lovely French children holding up 2 little fingers in vic tory salute Roadsides littered with hun dreds even thousands of nazi trucks autos and tanks a countryside littered with burned planesand gliders a beach lit tered with stormwrecked small craft craterpocked meadows inland from where American boys established their initial beach heads Temporary bridge sections in stalled by our engineers in jig time over streams between Ren nes and Paris bombpocked airfields nazi demolition at its worst or best in the Cherbourg arsenal the uncompleted mas sive walls of a V2 rocket bomb launching structure in same area Eiffel tower coming into view 25 miles to the westward the touching welcome from Parisiens lining the street on their first Sun day following liberation the contrast between London and Paris as to wars got it Paris didnt That Incomparable and tnde strlliible hanty which evenafter more than 4 years un der the rnajri yoke broad i flowerr filled parks stone buildings of uniform height the broad Seine flowing in banks of massive masonry for countless miles Grand hotel LOpera Champs Elysses Arc de Tri HALT AID TO TRAPPED ALLIES Yanks Rip Manila Defenses 205 NIP PLANES ARE DESTROYED INCARRIERRAID Americans Sink or Probably Sink 37 Jap Ships in MightyBlows V S Pacific Fleet Headquar ters Pearl war might was carried back to Manila Thursday Manila Hundreds of carrier planes shot down 110 Japanese aircraft wiped out 95 on the ground and sank or probably sank 37 ships including 2 destroyers while a huge U S fleet stood unchallenged off the Philippines This first massive blow at Ma nila since the fall of Corregidor in May 1942 wreaking destruc tion at Clark field Nichols field Japs Report Air Assaults Are Continued By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Domei and the Japanesecon Itrolled Manila radio said Friday that attacks by U S carrier planes against the Manila area Thursday and Friday with the new strikes concentrated on harbor facilities and also the airfield Approximately 200 carrierbased warplanes attacking in 4 waves raided Manila between and 10 a m Friday Philippine said a Domei broadcast recorded omphe Napoleons catafalque the new Trocadore replacing the ancient building in which the American Legion held its conven tion 17 years ago of the Madeleine and Notre Dame cathedral Paris shops with attractive show windows but skimpy stocks with Paris girls in badly worn clothes achieving a chic effect by the tilt of their hats or by a bizarre up the Kentucky army nurse who planned to buy a Parisian hat just so I can look at it in my tent Flagdesked homes and busi ness tricolors Britains Union Jack and Ameri cas Stars and Stripes Free French manifestos posted in win dows and on posts giant pic tures of SDeGaulle everywhere Scribe hotel where Herman Goer ing once maintained headquarters across the street from Joe Goeb bels in the Grand Women of the street plying their trade in blacked out narrow thor oughfares moonlight on the myriad tile roofs V halfstarved dogs picking their breakfast out of curbing garbage cans long breadlines in the Paris slums cyclists of all ages threading their way through the Place de la Con corde Varicolored grain fields and orchards of rural France from high above in an airplane vast for est preserves no evidence of wars heavy hand in these scenes Eiffel tower fading in the dis tance over and throngh clouds English channel sighted tiny amphibious craft known as heroes of this paths to and from large cargo ships off beaches occasional glimpses of channel blue dappled with cloud shadows through rifts in a cloud layer England again the Cavite naval base Subic and Manila bays had swift repercus sions The jittery enemy put all the Philippines under martial law The cost of the raid to the Unit ed States was 15 planes but sev eral of the airmen were saved Not one of the aircraft carriers and escorting warships was even damaged in the spectacular opera tion executed by Adm William F Halsey Jr and Rear Adm Marc A Mitscher Exuberantly in a special com munique Adm Chester VV Nimitz announced this superlatively sue cessful attack which apparently caught the enemy completelyb Eleven enemy were large destroyer lead er 4 large oil tanks a whale tank er 2 large cargo ships a medium cargo ship and Z small cargo ships Twentysix probably were sunk destroyer Z large whale tank ers a large transport 10 large car go ships and 12 medium cargo ships A floating dry dock also prob ably was sunk The MitscherHalsey armada which since Aug 30 has accounted for 258 Japanese ships and 908 planes the bulk of them in the Philippines area struck ahead of invasion forces gathering in ad vanced bases south and east of ty the federal communications onuhission It made the unconfirmed claim hat antiaircralt batteries had accounted for 15 American planes including 4 probables vhile interceptors shot down 2 others The dispatch said that the Japa nese embassy was slightly dam aged in Fridays attack on Thursdays ac ion the Manila radio said in a Spanishlanguage broadcast that he attacks were made in several waves by F4F fighters from aircraft carriers and a certain number F6F fighters and F 32PU bombers Japanese naval aircraft were declared to have discovered the operating zone of the TJ S naval task force and attacked setting afire 2 aircraft carriers and shooting down one Grumman lighter plane The broadcast was without confirmation from allied sources A Domei wireless dispatch said DEWEY CLAIMS FR TOOK TOO MANY POWERS Favors Regulation Without Regimentation in Campaign Talks Enroute to Los Angeles With Dewey away on the theme that the nation needs regulation without regimentation Gov Thomas E Dewey re phrased a speech on social se curity problems as he traveled to ward Los Angeles Friday for his 4th west coast campaign address Jose P Laurel president of the Japanesedominated government pro cUimed martial law saying the danger of Invasion is imminent Employing famiiiar axis prop Tokyo radio said 150 carrier planes attacked in 3 waves in the Manila sector in the morning and 290 in the afternoon It claimed 24 were downed Tokyo announced that the puppet president Jose P Laurel declared martial law throughout the Philippines effec tive the day of the raid The dispatch of such a huge fleet toward the Philippines re flected confidence in the outcome of the invasion of the Palaus 515 Distances to Berlin From Fronts Listed By The Associated Press The road to Berlin front 305 miles from near 2Russian front 312 miles trom outside front 580 miles from below miles east of Mindanao where ma rines are locked with ridgeen trenched Japanese in one of the most savage engagements of the Pacific war Nimitz in a communique pre ceding the special one on the Ma nila raid said the leathernecks on Peleliu in the southern Palaus have won all the east shore and 2 small islands nearby and have killed more than 6000 Nipponese But 30000 more Japanese taking advantage of the most difficult terrain encountered by the Ameri cans anywhere in the Pacific are putting up abitter bloody stand on the west coast South of Peleliu Angaur island has been completely conquered against muchlighter opposition than that massed against the ma rines There 800 Nipponese have been slain In the southwest Pacific where Gen Douglas MacArthur has gained a base at Morotai within 300 miles of the Philippines he announced Friday the dropping of 215 tons of explosives on adjacent Halmahera island and on Ceram and Celebes aganda tactics Domei declared that part of the enemy air for mation bombed and strafed resi dential quarters of Manila Fires broke out from the Binondo church as well as the homes of Filipinos and Chinese as a result of the enemy blind bombing the broadcast said Slight damage was sustained by the Japanese embassy The Japanese who sent their bombers against Manila in 1942 after it had been declared an open city employed such as brutal and indiscriminate in a propaganda broadcast describ ing Thursdays American air at tack on military objectives there A dispatch by the Japanese news agency Domei broadcast by Tokyo and recorded by the Asso ciated Press was headed Anger and began All Manila wasraging today with hatred against the Americans for the brutality and viciousness displayed in in discriminate attacks on Manila yesterday Tokyo described damage to Japanese installations as neg ligible but declared there were more than 100 casualties among the innocent civilian population Friday night The republican presidential nominee scheduled meetings with aircraft and motion picture lead ers thefirst he has talked with during this campaign before he goes on the air at10 p m Cen tral War in an ap pearance at Memorial Coliseum At San Francisco Thursday night he gave the definite impres sion thathe already has gone farther in this campaign toward accepting more of the new deal innovations in government than any other GOP presidential can didate hi recent years Previously he had indorsed the national labor relations act un employment old age pensions price control during wartime and Thursday night he told a huge audience at San Franciscoscivic auditorium that the days of dogeatdog nation coming broughtJoiid applause But he insisted as he has time and again that thenew deal has YANKS CRASH SIEGFRIED muchvaunted impregnable defense sprawling Siegfried under the might of American troops as they pass easily through this break in the dragons teeth Yank infantry afoot and riding the back of a bulldozer tank are shown above crossing the line near Roetgen Germany Reds Sweep Ahead on Both Ends of Long Line Contacts Claimed With Bor in Warsaw Moscow W Russian armies brushed aside German resistance Friday in swift sweeprf to within 40 miles of the Estonian capital of Tallinn and less than 15 the Hungarian frontier at oppo site ends of lihelong undulating fumbled the ball piled experi ment on experiment and has reached out for unnecessary power That was expected to be the core of his plea for a broadened social security program in Fri day nights speech Received in San Francisco by the largest crowds of the cam paign Dewey Thursday night told a crowd of 15000 persons that the new deal can see only 2 pos sibilities for in creasing regimentation as one al ternative and reaction as the other It believes he declared that economic security can only be purchased at the price of freedom That argument is false Our peo ple do not want to see this country draggedfarther and farther to ward complete government con trol over every aspect of our lives Neither do we want to go back to the reactionary philosophy of dog eatdog ji Gen BafIssued a communique from inside besieged Warsaw de claring the Russians had crossed the Vistula and established con tact inside the Polish capital with his embattled partisan force He said Russian planes had suc cessfully dropped more supplies The Germans asserted that river crossings had been broken up and that disengagement move ments in Estonia were proceed ing according to plan The key towns of Arad on the Immediate approach to Hungary and Tapa on the route to the Es tonian capital were under attack In Latvia the great seaport of Riga whose 393000 persons make it the largest city in the Baltic states was besieged Red army troops were only 6 miles away Stillother Russian army groups hammered at the Carpathian mountain gates of Czechoslovakia after capturing the eastern end of Dukla pass At midnight the Kremlin an nounced seizure of the rail town of Rakvere arid 300 other settle ments along the Gulf of Finland in strategic importance by Mar shal Rodion Y Malinovskys move in western Imperilling Hungary lastbig satellite nation still in Hitlers diminishing camp Front dispatches pictured the Germans as fleeing in wild route toward Tallinn a possible escape port as Govorovs offensive thun dered into its sixth day Grid Game Here Friday at 8 p m Mason Citys football team w open its 1914 home campaign Fri day night on the Roosevelt field against Dowling high of Des Moines The game will start at 8 oclock not as previously re ported in an advertisement CLAIM OUTLOOK FOR POCKETED FORCE CRITICAL German Guns Troops Bring Relieving Advance of Tanks to Standstill BULLETIN Supreme Headquarters AEF counterblows have beaten back American troops northwest of Trier headquarters announced Friday and a front dispatch indicated that Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges 1st army troops have been pushed over the border in that sector where the first penetration of Germany was made London British and Poles fiercely beset by a German counterattack from all sides fought a desperate BATTLE FOR PRESERVATION Friday night in an effort to hold open Report Americans Occupied Industrial City of Stolberg New York The American 1st army has occupied Stolberg in Germany a Blue network corre spondent reported Friday This industrial city of 22000 is 4 miles east of Aachen and 32 miles from Cologne on the Rhine Stolberg is the largest German town yet re ported occupied and the first Anpther Period for Making Civilian Whisky This Year Is Likely New York one month period for making civilian whisky probably will be ordered by the war production board by the end of year distilling circles predicted Friday An alternative might be an or der allowing a small percentage of alcohol output to be diverted to home front use while the in dustry continued to turn over the bulk of production to the war ef fort those sources added Distillers said the August holi day for making civilian whisky had been highly successful with an estimated 95 per cent the goal reached larger than a village Supreme headquarters report ed early Friday the Germans were being rooted out house by house and even room by room The broadcast said the Ameri cans entered Stolberg through the factory area under heavy mortar fire from German who withdrew to the hills east of the town The city is pretty well shot up the correspondent said Troops searching basements found 500 civilians who had hidden for 9 days defying German SS troops attempting to evacuate them 2nd Dies in Dubuque Packing Plant Blast Dubuque Koster 63 died early Friday at a hospital the second fatality in Wednesdays ex plosion of a steam pressure cook ing tank at the Dubuque Packing company plant here Two others burned in the blast remain in seri ous condition the attending physi cian said INCREASE EXPECTED Des Moines boost in the University of Iowas normal school year enrollment from 7 200 to about 10000 and in Iowa State colleges from 6600 to about 9250 is expected by school au thorities because of returning vet erans who will want to go to col undor the GI bill Town Rules K9 Corps Wont Need Licenses Rockford 111 dogs of war who have served in the K9 corps will be allowed to roam the city unmolested after they return from service License fees for the returning dog heroes by action of the council will be suspended for the remainder of their lives The dog is getting his true consideration said Alder man Harold Williams as the coun cil unanimously adopted the meas ure Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GtobeGasctte carrier bay Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and continued cool Friday night Showers be ginning Saturday forenoon Cooler by Saturdaynight Iowa Fair except scattered thun dershowers northwest portion Friday afternoon Mostly cloudy with showers west portion Fri day night Saturday partly cloudy with showers and thun derstorms west and north cen tral portions Continued cool Moderate to fresh winds Minnesota Mostly cloudy with scattered showers and thunder storms Friday night and Satur day warmer Friday night cooler north portion Saturday Increasing winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 69 Minimum Thursday night 39 At 8 a m Friday 44 YEAR AGO rn 65 Dewey said the United States can never return to the old bru tal ways of forcing wages down when a lot of people were looking for work Those days are never coming Sack again he asserted They are not coming back because we are never again going to submit to mass unemployment Govern ments first job in the peacetime years ahead will be to see that conditions exist which promote widespread job opportunities in private enterprise There are many means to that end including the creation for eign markets and the promotion of foreign trade If at any time there are not sufficient jobs in private employment to go around then government can and must create additional job opportuni ties There must be jobs for all Dewey said the republicans also were committed to the proposition that the prices of major farm crops must be supported against the menace of disastrous collapse and said the 30mile isthmus be tween the gulf and Lake Peipus had been captured Russians then were reported on the outskirts Tapa on railroads fanning out to Leningrad Tallinn and Riga A Helsinki dispatch said fires set in Tallinn by the retiring Ger mans were visible from the north shore the Finnish gulf and vio explosions were heard in cessantly Far to the south on the eastern edge of the Hungarian plain other Russian forces began a vast envel oping maneuver 138 miles from bombshattered Budapest de signed at trapping from the rear all German and Hungarian forces pinned down hi northern Transyl vania Marshal Leonid A Govorovs Estonian blitz was believed equalled and perhaps surpassed BOMBERS BLAST KASSEL MUNICH Roads in North Italy Also Hit by Air Fleets London heavy bombers 1200 strong and flying from England and Italy bombed Kassel behind the Siegfried iine and Munich behind the threat ened Belfort gap Friday Munich was overcast andthe airmen from the south used in struments to locate its Heim air dromecrowded with Ayr was elected to the and other undesignated targets bard of jUrectors from the sixth The blow supported the allied arm J ies both in southeast France and northern Italy because railways and highways radiate in both di rections The bombers from Italy at tacked 11 bridges mostly in the Milan Parma and Padua areas j of northern over which the Germans may soon atj tempt to flee now that their Gothj ic line has been turned by the capture of Rimini Other planes bombed railroad yards at Larissa REA GROUP ELECTS DES Moines J Grau Storm Lake was elected president of the Iowa Rural Electric Coop eratives association Thursday at its concluding session A G MoE the strategic crossing the Rhines upper branch in Holland so the allies could sweep into northern Germany The position of the airborne soldiers who leaped into the mid dle of the Germans northern river defenses 50 miles ahead of allied lines last Sunday was officially described as critical at Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers supreme headquarters A determined rush German guns and troops had brought to a standstill the relieving advance of Lt Gen Sir Miles C Dempseys 2nd army tanks 2 miles north of Nijmegen and 6 miles short of a junction with the beleaguered force The British parachute troops identified by the Germans as the first airborne division had been reinforced by a Polish unit fer Hickenlooper Talks at Garner and Algona Des Moines speeches scheduled Friday at Garner and Friday night at Algona Gov B B Hickenlooper will conclude a week ot 8 speaking engagements in openinghis campaign as the re publican nominee for United States senator The republican state central committee said it had the governor booked for 2 or more speeches each week from now un til Nov 1 IOWAN GETS SENTENCE Madison Wls L Henry 27 Dubuque Iowa was sentenced to 10 years in a federal penitentiary after pleading guilty robbing the Prairie City bank iy Wis of April 28 in Greece an urgently needed German communication center for evacuation of the Balkans 1 Kassel a Prussian rail center of 217000 lies 160 miles southeast of Arnhem in Holland where a definitive battle to outflank the Siegfried line progressed German fighters ventured out in greater strength Thursday in defense of the reich itself and 30 were shot from the cloudy skies by alert American flyers Four American planes were listed as lost Boy Killed by Gun in Hands of Companion Aibia inquest will be held into the death of Bobby Blom ren 16 son of Mr and Mrs Carl Blomgren wounded fatally Tues day by a gun in the hands of a u n t i n g companion Coroner Trank N Bay said Thursday Ba said the only witness to the acci dent which happened in a wooded section near Albia was Thomas Giltner 11 who had gone to bring home some cows district and Grau was named from BRUSSELS V I i ARMY GETS POLIO TREATMENT Iowa City infantile pa ralysis victim Lt J G G Vf Higbee 28 was flown to the Uni versity hospital here Thursda from the Ottumwa naval air b He was the first polio patient I be admitted to the hospital in 4 hours ALLIES FIGHT TO FLANK GERMAN LINE plans shaded arrow to flank Germanys Siegfried iine shaded area were blocked temporarily as Germans sur rounded an airborne force in the vicinity of Arnhem but the Germans announced later that the cutoff airborne forces had been relieved by troops of the British 2nd army The latter army drove across the Rhine to the nprth to open the trap Another crossing of the German border was made at Scherpenseel Solid arrows indicate allied attacks ;