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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 22, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AkL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY THIS PAPER CONSISTS SECTIONS HOME EDITION U1U1J j JlimilJCjiV J1M3 fAPEK CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS iTX SECTION ONE NO 298 YANKS AND FRENCH GAIN IN CORSICA Taps Plan DRASTIC MEANS OF TIGHTENING DEFENSE TAKEN Total Mobilization of Civilian Population Revealed in Broadcast London Japanese gov ernment has decided to prepare for the moving of government departments industrial establish ments and the civilian population from Tokyo as well as other im portant cities in the interest of improving their defense the Tokyo radio said Wednesday The broadcast listed a num ber of drastic measures includ ing total mobilization of the civilian population and the abolishment of ajrc limits o make all persons liable for na tional service which it said were announced Wednesday by Premier Ilideki Tojo and the government information office in view of Ihc decisive phase upon which the war will cnler during the coming months In addition tc the evacuation of the Japanese capital and other im portant cities to strengthen the defense of the country the gov ernment announced these meas ures Increase of antiaircraft de fense forces especially the air protection in industrial regions Special measures for the pro tection of government buildings and factories in Tokyo and other big cities of the country Strengthening of government control over all industry Centralization of traffic on land and water In one of the grbomiest broad casts to come from the Japanese capital the announcement said the aims of the measures were The Japanese nation in all its classes and professions must fully understand the seriousness oE the present internal and external situ ation and must be inspired by an unbending will to victory The nations entire strength must be concentrated on the arm aments industry especially on the strengthening of the Japanese air force Strict selfsufficiency of Ja pan and TVIanchukuo as regards food supply must under all cir cumslanccs be assured Plans for a thoroughgoing consolidation of the defenses of the Japanese motherland must be drawn up without delay The broadcast said all holidays were canceled and government machinery and industry would be greatly simplified with the can telation of all administrative ac tivity deemed unnecessary for the conduct of the war Authoritative Story of Hess Flight Given to Commons Eden Reports No 3 Nazi Said Fuehrer Wants to Stop Fighting RUDOLF HESS Output of Munitions Spurts Ahead Washington Munitions output spurted ahead in August scoring its biggest gain since April the war production board reported Wed n e s i a y and no w appears to be getting its 2nd wind Chairman Donald M Nel sons monthly report said ov erall arms pro duction went up i per cent o v e r July while the total of w a r planes London his arrival in Scotland in May 1941 Rudolf Hess told the Duke of Hamilton that the Fuehrer does not wan to defeat England and wants to stop fighting Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden disclosed in the House of Commons Wednesda3 Eden furnished commons an authoritative account of the sensational flight of Adolf Hit lers 1time deputy who was regarded as the No 3 iiazi un til his mysterious arrival in Britain Hess was No 2 in nazi parlv bul placed by Hitler below Goer ing in government Eden r elated Before he readied Scotland in Iflil Hess told the Duke of Ham ilton he tried lo arrange a meet ing in Lisbon and 3 times previ ously attempted to fly to Dun gavel Scotland near the dukes home Hess said he met the duke at the 1036 Olympic games in Berlin The last time he attempted a for PLANE STRIKES PLANT 4 DIE Bomber Crashes Into Fort Crook Building Omaha army pilots and 2 civilian workers in the Fort Crook bomber plant were killed Wednesday afternoon when an army bomber crashed into the roof of the main building at the plant Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cooler Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night Continued cool Thursday fore noon Iowa Cooler in west and north continued mild in southeast Wednesday cooler Ucdncsdav cooler Wed in rittrht e tiuti delivered jumped from 7373 to 7012 NELSON Heavy bombers gained 11 per cent and fighters D per cent Deliveries of naval vessels hit new alltime record climbing total ord the the 40 per cent over July work done on naval ships nance and equipment passed oncbilliondollar mark for tlll 1st time Destroyerescort deliv eries ran 20 per cent ahead of schedule Nelson has gone lo London in an effort to further the integra tion of American and British production The report was drafted before his departure but was not made public un til Wednesday reportedly be cause of army objections to its optimistic tone Aircraft output while gainin only 3 per cent in number during the month went up 7 per cent in value and fact which rvelson said dramatizes the trend toward heavier models especiallv bombers Production would have climbed even higher but for design changes Nelson said However he added our production rate has now grown to a point where interruptions for design changes can be made without seriously threatening the flow of planes to the fighting fronts Nelson said plane producers have achieved what is of para mount importance to the fight ing forces improved quality The most urgently wanted carrying op pri ority a v c nearly doubled in production volume in the last 5 months Last summer such models were of total output by weight he added and now are more than f While the gains in plane pro duction have been sharp demand has increased even more sharply as a result of the intensification of aerial warfare by the allied air forces and the opening up of new combat areas the WPB chief said As allied miliiaiv opera tions expand the requirements of British soviet and other allied air forces for American planes con tinue to increase Thus further rapid increases ncsday night and continued cool Thursday forenoon with light to moderate frost central and noith portion Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 66 Minimum Tuesday night 42 At 8 a m Wednesday 47 YEAR AGO Maximum 70 3 Minimum 37 S Precipitation quaUty further improvement are A cautionary per haps inserted because of the re ported army protests against over that we arc still short of current aircraft sched ules IOWA PIONEER DIES Slonona Elizabeth Denmng who lived on the same farm near McGregor for 85 years was buried here Wednesday She died Monday at the age of 99 he was turned back by the weath er and other factors He did not want to come at the time of British successes in Libya he told the duke after he was in carcerated at Merryhill barracks lest it appear a sign of weakness on the part of Germany He waited until Germany was again gaining is in the Balkans Hess insisted that Jje came to Britain without Hitlers knowl edge He told Hamilton who inter viewed him on May 11 at Merryhill barracks that he had come to Britain on a mission of humanity Hamilton wno was H wing com mander in the PAF and did not recal having met Hess before flew to London and reported Ihe conversation Hamilton told the authorities he believed the prisoner was Hess This fact was confirmed by I A Kirkpntrick of the foreign office who had known Hess and who talked fto him May 13 14 and 15 aim was to convince re sponsible British persons that England could not win and its wisest course was mediate peace to make an im Hess stressed Germanys pow er in the air and in Uboats and averred that Britain would be beaten by a blockade at least within 2 or 3 years He expressed horror at a prolongation of the struggle He gave his word of honor that Hitler never intended to wreck the British empire ov dom inate the world Hess peace plan was this First Germany should he given free hand in Europe Second England should have a free hand in the British empire except that former German col onies should be returned to Ger many Third Russia should be in cluded in Asia but Germany had certain demands to make on Rus sia which would have to be sat isfied either by negotiation or by war There was no truth in ru mors that Hitler planner an early attack on Russia Germany at tacked the fpllowing month in June Fourth that the British should evacuate Iraq Fifth a peace agreement would have to contain a provision for reciprocal indemnification of British and German nationals whose property was destroyed by Sixth Hitler would not nego tiate peace with Churchill and his colleagues who he said planned war since 1D36 but only with a new British government Hess emphasized that Hitler wanted a permanent understand ing with Britain on the basis that she retain the empire intact He pictured his flight as intended to jive Britain a chance to open conversations without loss of prestige The official account revealed very few facts that had not leaked out at least in outline to the pub The official statement said noth ing about Hess present where abouts or his state of health but it concluded Hess has been dealt with as a orisoner of war since his arrival in this country and will so con INDICATESHOUR FOR INVASION IS DRAWING NEAR Marshall Disclosed as Choice for Allied Global Commander Washington OP Disclosure that General George C Marshal has been nominated for supreme c o m m a n d of British and American troops around the world made it fairly obvi ous Wednesday that t h e hour f o r storming Hitlers Euro pean fortress is a p p roach ing w i t h cx press train MARSHALL speed And judging from the global nature of AngloAmerican stra tegy Japans day cannot be far behind Announcement of the appoint ment of the U S army chief of military assignment in climaxing a flarcup of discussion over high command ex pected barring any last minute hitches to be made soon bv President Koosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill That he has been chosen for the post subject only to final ap proval by the London government was established by Kirke Simpson or the Associated Press coinciden tal with new evidence that a mas sive invasion of western Europe is being mounted in England Plans for a Jiiuil cyclonic drive are being materially advanced by windfall victories in the Mediter ranean area f f Marshalls responsibilities as field commander as decided upon by the president and prime minister at Quebec will be worldwide but his 1st tough task will be the destruction of Yi3zi Gcrnimij There was no immediate official reaction from London but one competent source there said Mar shall would be one of the best leaders in the world for such a post1 Unofficial comment gener ally was favorable Marshalls projected appoint ment particularly with respect to the European theater is designed to assure close coordination among all the armies now in ac tion as well as those slated for as sault on what Mr Hooscvelt said would be shown in due time to be the vulnerable parts of Hitlers fortress Such coordination has been supplied to date by the combined chiefs of staff of which Marshall is a principal member But mili tary observers bavc long expected that when the time for numerous and large scale actions approached this remote control system would be supplanted by a single onthe spot director That the task falls to Marshall Is one more evidence that his job of building up a great American fighting machine and deploying it o strategic posi tions over the world is now vir tually complete Thus the question of appointing a new chief of staff is left open It might even be that Marshall would retain bis title in his larger vole although this is regarded here as a lesser detail which has not yet been worked out It it is found advisable some ranking of ficer such as his deputy Lt Gen Joseph T McNarncy might be named acting chief oi staff The speed1 with which climactic military operations arc develop ing furnished the theme for much of Prime Minister Churchills speech lo parliament Tuesday Churchill who spoke with a sure knowledge of what we have in trained men planes ships and other munitions disclosed that the offensive in the Mediterranean is running ahead of schedule Of Italys he said that no one expected it lo be so rapidly achieved Corsica and orate plans had been made to bat tle for them Buy War Bonds and This is a picture of Naples Italy looking across the Bav ol Naples At ri amt 1C root mVesavhis aie Ihc back POSTWAR JOBS m M Vy V I FOR VETS URGED 3rd War Loan Drive in U S Acknowledges Great Support Given Russia in Munitions Supplies Candidates or Legion Office Push Campaigns Omaha to insure the gainful employment of cverv veteran of this war after the fight ing is over should be one of the main considerations in postwar planning Brig Gen Frank T Hines administrator of veterans affairs told delegates to the twen tyfilth annual American Legion convention Wednesday nearerwe are to having all of our citizens employedthe nearer we will approach the ideal of a stron said democratic nalinn he Experience has clearly indi cated that men who have served their country prefer lo stand on their own feet and their own living Those now serving have the right to expect their old jobs wit be returned to them and they are also entitled to preference in government employment Hinesdisclosed that the vet erans administration is now pay ing out about two million dollars a month in benefits due o the present war Supporters of for na tional offices in the American Le gion began active campaigning uii the floor Warren IT Athcrlon Stockton Cal was regarded as the most likely choice to succeed Komio Waring of Memphis as national commander but Wisconsin de partment members were boosting Vilas H Whnley of Racine Wis an attorney and vice chairman of the National Publications commis sion of the legion The legions national defense committee reported to the con vention that it has left no stone unturned in seeking legislation for universal military training after the war a proposal in dorsed bv last years convention The foreign relations committee n its report asked that an out standing member of the American Legion be selected to attend the peace conference and that the le gion be represented in any official national group named to study postwar problems The drum and bugle corps of ihc Sons of the Legion from Sioux City smartly attired in blue and gold uniforms gave the American Legion convention the 1st fanfare of its kind in a 10inimilc program Wednesday Stalin Calls for Success of a personal message to el by Maj Gen A Washington V Premier Stalin acknowledging the great support which United States mu nitions and supplies arc giving the Russian armies called Wednesday for the successful floating of Americas 515000000000 3rd war loan In AmericaJM I Belyaev chairman of the flus sian purchasing commission at the armys back the attack bond show here the soviet premier said For 2C months the soviet union has been engaged in a difficult war of liberation against our common enemy Hitlerite Germany and her satellites Finland Rumania and Hungary In this gigantic war more Ihan 500 divisions arc in volved on both sides Today Ibe soviet army the red army is advancing from Smolensk lo the shores of the Black Sea pursuing and driving the hated enemy from soviet soil In this struggle the red army also is successfully employing planes tanks guns and other munitions and equipment which arc re ceived from the allied United Stales and Great Britain The entire soviet population is working unceasingly for the front to bring the hour of vic tory nearer Our American friends who arc participating in the manufac ture of the ammunition and sup plies of provisions are rendering great support in the figiit against our common enemy Every soviet citizen is not only assisling his nrmy ami his government o defeat the enemy hut is giving great financial Mipnorl to the soviet govern ment by buying war bonds It is dcsiruble that the Ameri can people by successful partici pation in the war loan in the United States promote the growth of the military might of the United Slates and help the joint efforts of the allies to achieve victory over the bitter cncmv wilhin the shortest possible riocl of time Treasury Secretary Morgen tliati responding to the message said We of the United States arc happy that our munitions and sup plies have helped you to repulse the Germans Everybody knows that bonds in large part paid for those munitions and supplies The success of the 3rd war loaii will guarantee that our help will continue and even grow BRITISH YANKS AREPUSHINGUP THROUGH ITALY Nazis Pillaging Naples Apparently Intent on Leaving Hollow Shell Allied Headquarters in North Africa French high command said Wednesday an American unit is helping French forces drive the Germans toward the northeastern corner Cor sica and already more than 1000 of tile enemy have been slain Several hundred German pris oners have been seized said the conimuniciuc which read In Corsica regular French troops and patriot detachments arc continuing to harass the enemy who is withdrawing from the chio region oward he north eastern corner of the island V In the course of he past few days the Germans left more than 1000 dead ou the battlefield Several hundreds of prisoners fell into our hands In the Levie sector the Germans were obliged lo withdraw with heavy Josses after violent fighting An American commando unit is fighting by the side of pa triots and regular French troops The Germans meanwhile were throwing a defensive ring around Naples to retard allied armies Ruthless Orders Issued in Naples London UR The German military governor of Naples has ordered 100 Italians shot for every German soldier wounded orkilled proclaiming that whoever acts against the Ger mans wiJI be wiped out merci lessly a Cairo broadcast re carded by the Evening News said Wednesday pressing onward from the Salerno bridgehead Huge fires and de molitions scarred the port city The great metropolis of nearly a million persons in southern Italy was described officially as over hung with smoke A mililary spokesman said the enemy was establishing a strop e defense line on the approaches to Naples from the south and cast but the extent of their demolitions in and near the city appeared evidence that the Ger mans hoped o hold back al lied attack toward the city from the Salerno area The 5th army meanwhile fought its way steadily cast and north east from Salerno with American i troops capturing the towns of last week that if failure to draft Campagna and MontccorvinoRo fathers reduced the supply of physically fit men to the point that army quotas for manpower could not be met the war would be prolonged Baruch said he believed In granting authority and means when responsibility is delegated and while there must be reasons given or the methods employed after the best proof of method is llic we have no quarrel with our war achieve ments in the last 22 Remember ihiO lie said sol emnly records stand opinions BARUCH BACKS ARMY DEMANDS Says Marshalf to What He Asks For Washington P M Baiuch told senate and house military committees Wednesday the armed forces are entitled lo the fulfillment of every demand including whatever force hey ask for prosecution of the war Testifying on the Wheeler bill to postpone induction of fathers until Jan 1 Baruch declared that if General George C Marshall army chief of staff says a speci fied force is required by strategi cal planning give him what wants If you dont do that then throw him out the veteran ad viser to War Mobilization Chief James F Bjrtics suggested The man in charge of the job should be given our unqualified support rvo cheeseparing No trading down Give him what lie needs In such a matter it is bet ter lo be safe than sorry Marshall told he committees die WILL BE DISCOXTIXUED Washington pvernelcorological school t State University of fowa is sched uled to be discontinued when the present course concludes in late November The war department said no more students are clig said no more students ave eli gible for training vella while the fleeing Germans of San Cipriano British chased from the town On Corsica French soldiers and native patrols pursued a German garrison estimated at 12000 men toward the eastern shores while American liberator bombers blasted at the principal avenue of German evacuation from the is Corsican harbor of Baslia and the Italian port of Leg horn The military spokesman said he had nothing to add to Winston Churchills statement Tuesday that American troops had landed on Sardinia but the belief prevailed here that whatever units were sent to that island intended only army Il with an Italian divi t the whlchalready at Premier ichcdpicro Badoglios command took control and compelled the Ger mans to flee Another menace to the Germans on the Italian mainland Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys 8th army drove northward and inland and occupied the key highway and rail center of Poter7a Occupation of Totenza which is a junction point of 5 main roads gave the allies control of Ihc entire inland highway and rail systems south of a line ex tending eastward from Salerno 3 Krontline reports told how 5th army troops steadily beating a path through the rugged moun tain barrier north and northeast of Salerno were encountering fierce enemy artillery and mortar fire To the east of Salerno how ever Lt Gen Mark W Clarks victorious troops met only small enemy rearguard detachments and the Germans there appeared depending primarily upon exten sive mining and demolitions to hinder the American advance and to give their own troops the op portunity to withdraw The British forces which formed Clarks left flank jn the original Salerno beachhead are ;