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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 22, 1942, Mason City, Iowa HISTORY AND NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IQWAt NO 298 Could Have Stemmed Prices HALLEK BLAMES INFLATION RISE TO U S HEADS Says Administration Could Have Stemmed Boosted Living Cost WASHINGTON blunt the administration could have stemmed the rising cost of living months ago had it demonstrated courage and strong leadership came Tuesday from Representative Hallek RInd as the hpusei opened debate on anti inflation legislation He followed to the floor Repre sentative Sabath DI1I who de clared that under the powers dele gated by the bill President Roose velt will proceed to bring equity and justice to the farmer as well as the wage earner Hallek who nominated Wen dell Willkie for president at the last republican national con vention maintained that con gress itself with a little en couragement from the adminis tration would have written over all controls against inflation last year when it passed the price control act Last summer he cried the clouds of runaway inflation were beginning to gather it might have been better for the leaders of the administration to send some word up here instead of waiting until now and saying do it by Oct 1 or else Meanwhile in both the house and senate lawmakers from farm states were mustering forcesfor a fight to include the cost of farm labor in the government formula for fixing a ceiling on the price of farm products and thus put parity based ceilings higher The farm blocs activity cropped up early in the preliminary house skirmishing despite the declara tion of Sabath that President Roosevelt had demonstrated the greatest friendship for the far mers and that their champions need not feel alarmed at what he might do Representative Cox DGa protested that the fanner now was getting a little less than 20 cents an hour for his labor under present prices for farm products while Representative OConnor DMont declared that the cost of labor to he far mer had risen 100 to 200 per cent above that 61 a year ago The senate agriculture commit tee voted 14 to 1 Tuesday to rec ommend inclusion of the cost of farm labor in computing the parity price at which agriculture prices yould be stabilized President Roosevelt bas said he was unalterably opposed to any j uf 1VJ change in the present system of computing parity Albert S Goss master ot the National Grange E H Babcoefc president of the National Council nf Farmer CoOperatives Charles Holman secretary of the Federa tion of Milk Producers and Ed ward A ONeil president of the American Farm Bureau Federa tion sent telegrams Tuesday to every member oE the house and senate urging the higher parity arrangement p y Unless an amendment including all farm labor costs in the parity formula is provided they said production of food and fiber sup WOUW Vinson Says U S Turning Corner at Sea WASHINGTON W and the Solomon Islands are mere ly forecasts of the shape of things to come Chairman Vinson D Ga of the house naval affairs committee declared Tuesday in a public statement on the naval ex pansion program The Georgians statement as serting that at sea we aie begin ning to turn the corner was is sued to reporters after President Roosevelt had requested Monday an additional 52731154308 to bring the navys current year ap propriation to a record high of ap proximately We are now pushing our greatly augmented program of naval construction with the ut most speed at our command Vinson said When it is complet ed and joins forces with the British and other allied navies it will give the united nations a more nearly global strength at sea than the world has ever seen and seapower welded by ships and aircraft is theanvil on which the decision in this global war is being hammered out Vinson predicted the new navy would give the United States the added escort and patrol craft needed to put an end to the Uboa menace and will enable us to take the offensive with superjoi lorce m any theater we choose When the new land front is launched in the west of Europe he said it is seapower that will launch it Already he declared we have taken the offensive in the Solo monsand foitheffrst time we have wrested the initiative from the enemy and our new navy should enable us to retain the in itiative right to the end On Jtme 30 1941 Vinson said a United States not a war had 697 combat auxiliary patrol and mine vessels building while on June 30 there were 3230 vessels in this category under construction in addition to 218 being built tor allied nations This he added does not include 11659 smaller vessels under construction Counting all types or planes he went on we added 4805 new air craft to the navys air arm in the fiscal year ended June 30 1942 as compared with 2067 in the pre ceding year Plant expansion he said is rapidly building up to an output of just under 2000 navy planes a month with the navy bearing its lull share of President Roose velt s program calling for 60000 rtanes in 1942 and 125000 in Vinson v described the navys combat airplanes as unexcelled in performance striking power and equipment with the new torpedo bomber being perhaps the most inu UlUS lethal weapon yet devised for ac tion against surface vessels Distilling Plant in Detroit Swept by Fire DETROIT of unde termined origin caused damage estimated by officials at OQO Tuesday morning to the Trenton Mich plant of the Trenton Val eye Distillers Corp The plant last week began making alcohol for use in production synthetic c Leader Barkley Kentucky and others remained confident they could de leat a proposed upward revision of 46 per cent the senate was re ported so evenly divided on the parity question that a handful of votes might decide the issue It looks all right Barkley told reporters before the DCKan the second day of T noase day behind arranged for ccn eral discussion of the bill Tues day with amendments cominjr up lor a vote Wednesday Parity is a price standard which when reached is calculated to equalize the return the farmer receives for what he sells with the prices of the things he buys In the past it has been used as the basis for making government loans and as a goal for a fair re turn to the farmer It has assumed paramount im portance now because under terms of the pending bill it would become the lowest point at which price ceilings could be placed on farm products by President Roose velt m carrying out the protective congressional directive to stabil ize prices wages and salaries rubber Bay War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cooler Tuesday afternoon not so cool Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon cool Tuesday night through Wednesday fore noon occasional light rain northwest and north central por tions Tuesday night MINNESOTA Scattered light showers west portion Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night and east portion late Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon slight ly warmer west and north por tions Tuesday night IN MASON CITY Maximum Monday 70 ij Minimum Monday 37 At 8 a yi Tuesday a YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum ASSUMES JAPAN TO ATTEMPT TO REGAIN ISLANDS Knox Says Draft of Essentials Would Be Good Principle WASHINGTON of the Navy Knox declared Tues day it was a safe and sound as sumption that the Japanese would make major new attempts o re conquer the Solomon islands Knox was asked at a press con ference about repeated reports that the Japanese would throw heavy naval and other forcesinto new efforts to drive the marines out ot the islands Saying that predictions of such action constituted a safe and sound assumption Knox declared that we operate on hat basis He added To do otherwise would be foolish over confidence The secretary had just1 returned from the American Legion con vention in Kansas City He de clared he was tremendously in spired and gratified over tiie ac tion they took there Questioned about the conven tions endorsement of proposals for a universal draft of wealth and manpower for all essential purposes Knox declared that its a sound principle but it is diffi cult to work out Jn detail He said as far as practicable this administration is working toward that goal of universal uniform that is what total war means The secretary informed that Jack Singer International News Service correspondent with the Pacific fleet was reported missing in action said I think we all ought to feel a great sense pride at the long chances men are taking to get the news It is very admirable and creditable to the profession He had had the experience with his own staff on the Chicago Daily News he said of having to re strain his people He explained that on his London staff they want lo go on every commando raid DISCONTENT IN ITALY INDICATED Bitter Tirade Against France Appears in SemiOfficial Paper BERN Switzerland bit ter tirade against France by a semiofficial Italian publication was interpreted Tuesday ns indi cating Italys growing dissatisfac tion with what she has gotten out of the axis and her dwindling nopes of winning any material re wards from participation in the war This conclusion was drawn by experienced observers from au article which appears in the week ly foreign affairs journal Rela zione Internationale and which though directed at France lackeci any expression oC faith that the nazis would support Italys war ambitions The article voicing a fear tnown to have been widely held or some time in Italy expressed belief that Pierre Laval French chief of government is cooperat ing with the Germans in the hope of winning the upper hand over Italy and foiling Italian territorial ambitions The article obviously could be accepted as having had an official nod and therefore as representing ftalys dissatisfaction with the re sult of her propaganda campaign this summer for Nice and Cor Hcliable private advices are to the effect that Italy hoped to realize her claims after the Salz burg meeting between Hitler and Mussolini several months ago Case Dismissed SAN FRANCISCO Cal Municipal Judge Teresa Miekle lismissed a traffic charge lor the irst time in her career The traffic tag was mailed from Australia by Capt Leonard L Me Gee of San Francisco with this note I didnt have time to come in and sec you as I sailed the next day I British in Battle With French Army By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British troops were reported locked in battle with strong French defense forces Tuesday only 19 miles from Tananarive the capital of 1000milelong Madagascar island after an 18 mile advance in 24 hours A Madagascar radio broadcast said the French were resisting stoutly On the New Guinea battlefronl Gen Douglas MacArthurs head quarters reported the situation was unchanged in the Owen Stan ley fighting zone where Japanese invasion columns have been stalled for many days within 32 airline miles yl Port Moresby An allied communique said tue Japanese making their first strong aerial attack in New Guinea for two weeks sent 27 bombers and 10 fighters into an assault north west of Port away from the main fighting declared that the raiders inflicted neither damage nor casualties Allied planes were credited with destroying a Japanese supply bridge along the route from Buna m New Guinea and bombing a Japanese air base at Buka at the northern tip ot he Solomon lands VICHY SEEKS TO SELL PETAIN Strong Publicity Campaign Opened to Bulwark Position VICHY Vichy ernment was busily engaged Tuesday in one of the greatest highpressure publicity c a m paigns France ever had seen in an endeavor to bulwark the po sition of Marshal Henri Philippe Pelain with the French people More than 200 writersartists and others were employed full time in handling Petains per sonal propaganda Their quar ters covered 12 times the floor space of the French foreign of fice if Nine biographies of Petain have been written reviewed and published under the control of his propaganda staff Petains face looks at French men from stamps dishes ash trays badges and baby bottles Scores of artists medalists en gravers and sculptors have come to Vichy and their compositions have been turned out in mass n mass production in terra cotta bronze plaster or parchment The marshals baton on all the seals of state and all vi Jbuiu 111 the rubber stamps of the police and other official administration The seven stars worn on the sleeve of his uniforms also arc an official symbol Sets of porcelain tableware with the marshals portrait or scries of scenes portraying his slogan Labor Family Nation arc on sale in the china shoos of hoth the occupied and unoc cupied zones turn out novelty jewels with 1 lense line as f Petams portrait his Jrancisque the Volga river his seven stars or his initials The nedKeh N STALINCRAD 4 v Under Siege 29 Days RUSSIA VVQROPONOVO BA5ARGINO BEKETOVKA PVLADICHIN SARPINSK ISLAND While Stalingrad threw back the nazi onslaught for the 29th clay Berlin described Report Hitler Abandoning Hope of Crushing Russia Building Defenses to Hold Gains Seen to Be Freeing Bulk of Nazi Army for Second Front By HUBERT UXKULL United Press Staff Correspondent STOCKHOLM Adolt Hit ler abandoning hope that Ger many can crush Russia has started building defenses to hold his eastern sains so the bulk of his army will be free to meet the threat of a second front in the west unusually weU informed sources said Tuesday The same sources expressed belief that Hitler miffht start a peace offensive this winter and tell the German people that a separate peace with Russia was necessary without the total vic tory he had promised them Informants said the new Ger man defenses in the east would not be along a continuous line like the west wall opposite France appears or the old French Maginot line but a chain of hedgehoglike cita cita dels designed to permit a relative ly few men garrison troops lo hold the Russians while ihe main German armies moved lo western Europe The position of the new eastern defense line naturally was secret but informants reported that in parts of northern and central Rus sia it had already been defined and that construction of actual defenses had been started In the south it was said the Germans hoped to make further their de fense line as far as possible on The hedgehogs or citadels would be as much as 35 miles apart informants reported Each would be provided with big underground magazines for food and ammunition so that garrisons could hold out through the winter without rcprovision ing Each garrison would consist of about one division of between 15 000 and 20000 men informants said and each would have its own airdrome The underground magazine would be aimed at solving a sup ply problem which took the Ger mans to the verge of disaster last winter SEVEN KILLED IN PLANE CRASH SHREVEPORT La flyers were killed near Lake Charles late Monday in the crash of a B26 bomber Barksclalc field officers said Tuesday The twinengined medium bomber was on a training flight irom Barksdalc Field Names of the seven men were withheld pending notification of the nearest of kin DONATE LABOR DES MOINES ff Garbage collectors of Des Moines Tuesday donated a days labor to pick up tin cans throughout the cily for the alvagc drive Farmer Thwarts Kidnap Plot VF17A Tl Dl 1 r T V GENEVA III angry farmer swinging a heavy potato masher thwarted the apparent kidnaping plot of two youths who had held members of his family at gunpoint for five hours authori ties said Tuesday The farmer was Edward OCon nell 44 who had employed the youths Merrill Smith IT and I red Lucky Dubay 16 to work on his farm near here OConnell left his home Mon day leaving his wife Jessie 43 alone His children Mary Cather ine 14 Sue 12 and Edward 6 were at school Smith son ol an Aurora 111 real estate man and Dubay who later identified him self as a fugitive from a reforma tory at South Windham Maine were digging potatoes Mrs OConnell told authorities lhat she had admitted the youths to the house when they asked for a drink and that they had seized her husbands shotgun and rifle They tied me to a chair she v said and both of them kept pok ing the guns at me and asking which child I would prefer bavin kidnaped I told them I loved them all Lucky then said they would take Mary Catherine Mrs OConnells father Charles Brackctt 74 telephoned from his home One of the youths answered and when Brackett appeared sus picious drew Mrs OConnell to the telephone warning her not to reveal her predicament But when Bracklt asked if she were in trouble she answered yes Brackett drove to the OConnell farm with his daughter Harriet 35 stopping to pick up OConnell at a blacksmith shop When they reached the farm they were confronted by the armed youths Dubay allegedly fired at Brackets feet when Brackett reached for a shotgun in his car Then Smith and Dubay kept the family at in the house while they presumably wailed for the children to return from school OConnell was allowed lo pre pare lunch His wife was permitted to hang laundry ii the yard while he washed the dishes Dubay car IJing the shotgun went outside with Mrs ODpnnell Smith with the rifle remained with the three in the kitchen OConnell watched Smith closely When the youth turned his head the farmer grabbed a wooden po tato masher and slugged him u upward ntaKC 1C impo while O Connell continued pound build submarines ing the youth on the head rendered without resistance i iuui oecona ne saia round Smith was taken to an Aurora the clock raids would prevent the hospital with a possible skull frac German defenses getting be ture while Dubay was questioned f1 L ue by authorities EAKER PROMISES RAIDS ON NAZIS American Air Forces to Participate With British in Attacks LONDON long winter of bombing during which British and United States bombing planes working together in day and night raids will hit targets throughout Germany was promised Tuesday by Maj Gen Ira C Eaker com manding the bomber command of the American army air force in the European theater Eaker indicated that as at present United States heavy bombers would specialize in day light high altitude precision raids and that the bulk ot the night bombing would be done by the royal aid force But he intimated that when a sufficient force of army planes had reached the British Isles the American air force would aid the British in night raids also I belicvcil is possible to de stroy the enemy from the air Eaker said in an interview pub lished in Tuesdays Daily Mail There is hardly a corner of Ger many we can not reach There are now enough airdromes in the British Isles built or building to accommodate all the allied air forces needed for the destruction of Germany There will be no opportunity for hitting the enemy in depth and strength that will not be in vestigated and demonstrated by United States bombers within the next few months Eaker added that sonic phases of the allied bombing program would require bigger forces than RUSSIA CARRIES CITYS DEFENSE INTO 29TH DAY Germans Rush Fresh Reinforcements Into Bitter Street Assault By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW JP Battling at bayonetpoint in the narrow streets and nibblestrewn squares he defenders ot Stalingrad held he Germans at bay Tuesday for tne filth consecutive day reeling before steadily reinforced on slaughts bin surging back again and again and sometimes gaining Bombs and shells had leveled much the factory city on the Volga to n battlefield with every yard contested Reel Star reported street fighting of ever greater in tensity and declared that in some cases Germans held one story of bllltlne while the Russians fought back from another It was a battle with bayonets and gunbutts amid heaps ol dead And even as the battlegrimed defenders held on into the 3th day of sicKc and the 16th month of Russias war the army newspaper reported that the Germans were using relays of transport planes in their rush to replace losses and reinforce their assault Red Star printed a picture of a woman volunteer at a machine gun under the caption Protect ing Crossings of the Volga That might indicate that the Russians had been forced back to the river banks in sectors iiear btalmgrad or even thai they were manning defenses on the east Sank of the river The Germans have claimed to have reached the Volga banks north and south ot the city Red army infantry artillery and mortar crews carrying the noretreat defense of Stalingrad into its 23ih day slew 400 Ger mans destroyed 15 tanks 48 sun ply trucks two armored cars and two artillery batteries and si enced other guns and mortars the soviet information bureau said It indicated that these repre sented but a few of the scores of encasements for possession of the battered Volga river indus trial city over which the red flag still flies Five German tanks were set afire or disabled by the defenders of sovietfortified positions in he Moz lok nrei of the central Cau casus the information bureau said but in another sector the Hitlerites at a cost ot heavy losses captured a height and a populated place Russians were credited with the nitiative on the northwestern front The communique said they pressed back the Germans in fighting for a town and repulsed counterattacks White Russian guerrillas were credited with slaying of 363 Ger mans and destruction ot 33 rail way cars 27 ammunition trucks and about two miles of railway track in a weeks fighting Izvcstia stressed a report that German commanders had moved more troops to the Stalingrad area for a new assault intended to overwhelm the garrison Dispatches repeatedly said the red army was pouring a deadly mortar fire upon the invaders on the citys approaches but made no mention of the Rus prized big guns Many Germans have been wounded and survivors ot broken units are sent lo the rear for re grouping but fresh forces still move up There is nothing to in dicate that the Germans do not have as many men attacking Stal ingrad now as at any time since the siege was established Aug 25 Invasion divisions ot Field Marshal Fedor Von Bock strove J extend their todg uum tr tt bled rapidly icla he GermanRussian war bled rapidly Asked whether his statement that it was possible to destroy the enemy by air needed qualifica tion General Eaker said I believe it is possible By de stroying the enemys aircraft fac tories you can put an end to his air force By destroying his muni tions plants and communications you can bring his armies to a halt suigsuii mm juu can ormg ms armies to a halt Smith attempted to fire the rifle By destroying his shipyards you out Bracket knocked it umvarr can mnkp if imnnccihi can make it impossible for him to Eaker said that combined round riiVh i L sain inai comoined round uubay ran into the house fired the clock operations were desir the shotgun wildly and fled A able First he said they would him later reduce the problems of air space SU1 and needed for mass raids Second he said round entered its 16th bloody month and another autumn The Berlin radio as if lo shift emphasis from the Stalingrad front declared Russian forces had been encircled on the cen tral front after breaking through German positions at two points south of Rzhev Bitter fighting in various sec tors of the soviet front was at tended by a report in the Stock holm newspaper Arbetaren that German troops in Norway had been regrouped and it was be lieved large contingents were be ing sent to Russia Russian soldiers sailors and ma rines maintained a defense oC the Caucasian coast below the fallen port of Novorossisk axis transPorls totaling 42000 tons and a mine layer were reported sunk by a red navy sub ;