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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 22, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME w I S r M U A ART ocP r OK ioaA COUP OES MQiNtS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUT4 LEASED WIRES Five CENTS A COPY MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 22 1939 tiilS PAPES CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 298 THOUSANDS EXECUTED BY RUMANIA Russia Germany Split Poland Approximately in TOLL OF PRONAZI IRON Shortage in Offices at Capital By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist WASHINGTON is the worst overcrowded city in this country If we get into the war business it will have to be transacted in tents Government bureaus will have to be housed in em too Not pnly are rental charges simp MAY ORGANIZE CITIZENS GROUP ON NEUTRALITY Borah States Ford Lindy Hoover and LaFollette Mentioned Washington ly terrible of fice room is scarcely to be had at any price A chap i know recently came to ihe capital from jut of town intend ing to establish publicity head quarters for a b i g industry and darned if he can find desk room anywhere He has to operate from his bed chamber in a local hotel And ho tels are crowded for that matter Government expansion is re sponsible for this condition It began with Uncle Sams en trance into the last the one before this one So many new fed eral agencies were created at thai time that Uncle Sams personnel literally overflowed into the streets A score or so of temporary shacks were hustled up to accom modate surplus officialdom These as they were called ixothinj three orfouS stonesfshfgti moreover Nosmoking sighs papered their walls Such warn ings werent necessary Oniy lunatic would have scratched a match in one of them Theyd have burst into flames at an angry look An occupant of one of their upper offices awake and aler when an alarm was sounded would have had to jump out o the window to escape stairways would have been too slow for hini The supposition was that the wars end our U S setups would shrink numerically am that these dumps would be torr down for kindlingwood No such shrinkage followed Th tempos continued for a decade Hoover Construction Then ensued the period o President Hoovers reconstruction of governmental Washington f cost a lot more than the price o the Louisiana Purchase and thi Alaska Purchase combined but i wiped out the tempos excep two or three wliich had burner dosvn meanwhile However the government hadn the tempos1 alone to worry about A couple of its departments jus tice and commerce occupied pri vately owned buildings which i wns renting at fancy figures looked like good business for Uncle Samuel to them under liis own roofs rent free and tax for Uncle Sam doesnt pay taxes to Washington much to Washingtons Dissatisfaction Well the U S went ahead and did all this But it didnt vscatc any of its rented buildings Of ficialdom wanted more accommo dations faster than it could vacate any of its rented quarters Its as ni ch oL a tenant as ever And more so its offices have expand ed out of Washington as far as Baltimore K War State and Navy Let me iltistrate Theres an historic edifice on Pennsylvania avenue once known ns the War State and Navy buiid ing Originally it housed those three departments The navy department was out of it during the last World war It building The however hung on to a fe v offices until lateiy Now it also has been cnst into outer darkness in the Munitions building What once was the War State and Navy building now is the State Department building clusively WASHINGTON Senator UBoot Searches American Steamer 3orah RIdaho disclosed Friday hat senatorial opponents of re pealing the neutrality laws arms embargo had discussed formation f a national committee of prom nent citizens to campaign for heir cause Amonjr those mentioned lor such a committee Borah said were Henry Ford the motor car manufacturer Col Charles A Lindbergh Former President Hoover and Philip F LaFol leite former governor of Wis consin and brother of Senator LaFolletfe who is a member ot the senates anti repeal bloc Borah emphasized that discus sion so far had been indecisive and indicated that he himself might oppose such a plan The opposition group was one of two factions getting set for a conclusive battle over President Roosevelts renewed appeal to scrap the arms embargo and sub stitute a cash and carry system under international laws Led by 73 year old Hiram John son R 24 senators quickly qrganied a to oppose the sale of the president some republicans got a new navy war department grouridthatit wpuldlje likely force the United States into the European conflict Senator LaPollette Prog Mis speaking for the group said it would fight repeal of the embargo from hell o break fast Senator McCarran D Nev added that the opponents believed they could muster 35 or 37 votes and hope to in crease their strength 3 y On the other hand confidence of ultimate victory wss expressed by supporters who included r and old line1 democrats as well as new dealers Their aim leaders said is to lim it the session to neutrality revi sion obtain action in two or three weeks and adjourn Senate rnd house leaders of both parties would stay here at the presidents request to consult with him on policy until the regular session begins in January The variance of comments on Hie presidential message led politicians to forecast a senate debate comparable to the bitter league of nations fight after the World war Only on one expressed belief that flic United States could keip out of Mr Roosevelt win aplausc from all sides Senator Glass D Va who sometimes has opposed adminis tration policies gave his support to the president on this issue call ing his speech vpvy conclusive anei conferring with him at the white house Repeal of the embargo also was advocated by Senators Taft R Ohio and Austin R as sistant minority leader Senator Bridges R N an active new deal foe said I nm glad the president admits he made a mistake in signing the neutrality act and thnt congress made a mistake in passing it The cheering crowds scarcely had left the house chamber ofler Mr Roosevelts address Thursday 15 republican senators six democrats the two farmerlabor ites and the sole progressive dis cussed opposition strategy in the office of the veteran Hiram John son where 20 years ago the fight against American entrance into the league of nations was planned DIES FROM INJURIES BOONE Hal and 21 of Huxley died Thursday night of injuries resulting from an automobile accident near here 24 hours earlier Envoy Biddle Leaves Bucharest by Train BUCHAREST J Drexcl Biddle Jr U S ambas sador to Poland left for Pnvis in a special car attached to the Simplon J i fins dramatic photograph taken 5y Mort Shepard Ir or Bethel Conn shows a lifeboat of the American freighter Wascosla taking German submarine officers from their submarine to the Was cosla where the Germans conducted a search and then permitted the steamer to continue on her way when satisfied she was an American ship The Wascosta was stopped by the submarine 38 miles off me irisft coast by firing a shot across her bow after she ignored the Uboats signals The photograph was taken from the American freighter first to be stopped since the war began f if if FRSays Subs Near US SIGHTED OFF ffe U President Declines Information Source or Craft Identity WASHINGTON Roosevelt disclosed Friday lhat submarines which he said were not identified had been sighted in waters oft southern Alaska and otf Boston The maritime commission the chief executive told reporters had been informed of the presence of the two undersea craft if The submarines were not American Mr Roosevelt said and they were sighted by ships at sea He declined to disclose the specific source of the gov ernments information about their presence but said those sources were perfectly reliable The submarine in the Pacific Mr Roosevelt asserted was off the southern boundary of Alaska where it joins Canada territory That in the Atlantic he said was 50 to 70 miles from the south ern tin of Nova Scotia half way between there and Nantucket Shoals Asked whether the covern menls neutrality patrol was ir the vicinity of the sub marines Roosevelt said merely that the patrol was op erating from Eastport Maine to and including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea There is no regular patrol in Pacific waters he added Askcr whether the underwater ships were In the territorial waters of this country he replied that he would stand on his recent defini tion of territorial waters which was to the effect tht they ex tended as far as American inter ests extended To a question about whether American interests were involved as a result of the operations the submarines the president re plied by asking what kind of sub marines they were He suggested laughingly that they might beSwiss and suggested that reporters not get too nosey Some one wanted to know whether the subsurface craft might be Canadian Again the president iaughed and declared they might be Bolivian or Afghan Allied Supreme War Council Chamberlain Daladier and Military Chiefs Meet m England LONDON allied su preme war council met in England Friday and agreed on measures for coordinating munitions and supplies in waging the war against Germany meeting for the second time since the war began the two gov ernments held morning and after noon sessions attended by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain French Premier Edouard Daladier and their high military officials The council considered ques tions munitions and supplies the ministry of information an nounced and agreed on procedure for coordinating and perfecting arrangements to be made by the two governments The war council according to the ministry of information held two sessions during the day re viewing developments since its last meeting and estimating their effect on the future course of events Complete agreement as to the course to be followed both to meet these developments and give ef fect to the allied plans was achieved the ministry said Gen Marie Gustav Gameiin French commander in chief Raoul DAutry French minister of arm aments Admiral Francois Dar lan commander in chief of the French navy British Foreign Secretary Viscount Halifax and British Defense Coordinator Ad miral Lord Chatfield attended the meeting HitRun Motorist Kills 3 at Tulsa TULSA hitrun motor ist killed three youths and seri ously injured a fourth in Tulsas outskirts Thursday night REDS SHUT OUT PIRATES 6 TO 0 SPORTS BULLETIN CINCINNATI IP Scattering seven hits no more than one tc an inning Gene Junior Thomp son shut out the Pittsburgh Pirates Friday 6 to 0 for the Cincinnati Reds in the first game of a double header LOOK INSIDE FOR SECRETARY CORDELL HULL Says Americas Must Preserve Civilization PAGE 2 BUFFER STATE DEA STILL TO BE DETERMINED Nazis Receive Rich Industrial Districts and Soviet Ukraine By UNITED PRESS Armies soviet Russia and iazi Germany split Poland be ween themselves Friday in a mlitary preview of how 500 miles f eastern Europe frontiers will be evised The soldiers of Adolf arrying the burden of conquest hroughout the to he western banks of the Pisa Narew Vistula and San vivera which approximately cut Poland nhalf from East Prussia to the Hungarian borders The rivers ine was announced as the limit o military operations The red in from the east in the last days o conflict but still forced to fight in t h e southern Lwow shoved to the eastern banks of th four rivers taking Vilna Bialy stock BrestIatovsk Lublin Lwow and drove toward the sub urbs of Warsaw Facing each other across a common frontier at last the Germans and Russians still hai to decide whether a small buf fer state should be createc around Warsaw when and i the Germans capture the city which has fbiieht off the riazls Reds Must Win Now or Step Out of Top PAGE 9 Womens Clubs Plan Convention at Cresco PAGE 16 CITE BRITISH AIR VICTORY LONDON British gov ernment announcement Friday de scribed a victory for royal air force planes on the western front for the first time in the 1939 Euro pean war A ministry of information com munique said during the course of air operations on Wednesday Sept 20 one Gentian fighter was shot down by our aircraft in France This was the first official inti mation that British planes on the western front had taken the of fensive in anything more than re connaissance flights Begardlessof whether Hiis lin of demarcation meant a vast con cession by Hitler in his deal wit Josef V Stalin the nazi fuehre now can conclude the lightnin war in the east and free his armie tor action on the western Rhine land front where he is cxpecte to make an inspection tour withi the next few days if The deal also meant that Po lands big industrial armaments and mineral districts fell largely into nazi hands and will be oC great importance in the war in the west But the Ukrainian grain fields the heart of the big Polish oil fields which nazts needed for their mechanized army and the frontier of Rumania which Ger mans are seeking to dominate economically fell into soviet hands That nazis ivould have seen sue rich prizes slip from their ham in other circumstances appeare unlikely but at the same time the own gain was great from an in dustrial and resources viewpoin while war on the western fron necessarily forced a quick settl ment that would not antagoniz he Soviets In effect however the question of whether Germany can get re jources for a long war such as the British and French are preparing to fight in the west must now de pend largely on the Soviets who have stepped into a position to dominate or control the sources of supplies which Hitler will need The soviet area now adjoins and overshadows both the Baltic states of the north and Rumania in the south The battle for Warsaw went into its 14th day meanwhile with the Poles stilt holding out and the Germans taking the po sition that they had really just begun to make a big scale at tack It did not appear that the city could hold out much longer reports from German sources as told in Berlin Friday included Recently near Strasbourg a hand grenade landed from the Express Friday He was accomj French side and exploded with a panicd by several members of his bang on German soil without slaff Leon Noel French ambassa dor to Poland traveled with Biddle Nazis Report French Followed Grenade With Sign Pardon BERLIN front Scarcely a shot has been firPH Rhino fu rv u5Pm damage A few minutes later the French hoisted a placard bearing the word pardon Scarcely a shot has been fired along the entire Rhine frontier between Strasbourg and Switzer land Under a tacit understanding that there would be no firing on this section of the front trains continue to operate regularly on the German railroad between Basel and Karlsruhe along the Rhine bank in full sight of French troops In ihe Saarland however French troops have suffered heav ily from exploding German land mines In one village occupied by the French the Germans exploded a mine which blew up two farm houses Two hours later the Ger mans exploded another mine After that the French withdrew In one section of nomans lone between the Maginot and Sieg fried lines according to German sources the French lost a whole company when a German lane mine exploded WAR AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PUESS BUCHAREST Thou sands of alleged pronazi iron guards reported exe cuted as new government of Gen George Argesanu presses whirlwind campaign following assassination of Premier Armand Calinescu WASHINGTON Twen tyfour senators organize bloc to fight sale of arms to warring nations from hell to breakfast Roosevelts supporters map confer ences on strategy guns break lull on w e s tern front French patrols reported feeling way deeper into Germany BERLIN Government studies Roosevelts message to congress army reports victory near Tomaszow Poland Warsaw continues to resist French Public Now Bitterly Against GUARDEXACTED Whirlwind Cleanup Is Pushed as Germans Russians Near Border By LLOYD LEHRBAS BUCHAREST Thousands were reported executed Friday as Rumanias virtual military dic tatorship exacted a heavy blood prize from the pronazi iron guard for the assassination ol Premier Armand Calincscu Reliable sources said thou sands of members of the out lawed iron guard had been taken from concentration camps throughout the country and shot to death to avenge Thursdays killing of the premier who was an implacable foe of the guard These sources also said that some women had been shot V It was announced officially that 44 iron guardists were executed n a concentration camp while 32 vore shot at Prahova Mass executions were said to continuing Rehable sources said a mini mum of three iron guard members vere being taken from each of Rumanias 72 administrative dis tricts for the firing squads The whirlwind cleanup of al leged pronazi elements was pushed also with widespread ar rests by the quickacting gov ernment At the head of the govern ment stood General George opinion longr and bitterly anti Hitler hasturned against every tiling German after three week of war it appeared Friday The Press which before the war concentrated its editorial fin against nazi leadership now em ploys such terms as German bar barism German ruthlessness Hunnish savagery Similarly the French people angered by the Soviet deals with Germany have become strongly antiRussian if the Press correctly reflects their viewpoint Sreamer Arkleside Reported Lost at Sea Crew Rescued LONDON of the British steamer Arkleside 1567 tons said Friday they had been advised she was lost at sea and that the crew had been brought aTfnendof Caliriescu ashore MERCURY RISES AS FALL NEARS Jack Frost Wont Be Around to Bid Adieu to Old Summertime DES MOINES Frost apparently will not be around Fri day night to help bid the good old summertime by the calendar adieu from Iowa The weather bureau predicted there would be no frost in the state Friday night Autumn officially begins at p m Saturday f MERCURY GOES TO 85 IX MASON CITY The mercury went to 85 at 3 oclock Friday afternoon ns above normal temperatures were regis tered in Iowa Southeast of Warsaw there was some fighting and nazis said they captured a Polish armored train In the far south the Germans an nounced that Russians had taken over the task of clearing Polish resistance out of the Lwow Lcm berg sector WHO KILLED MRS X Find the Answer in the GlobeGazettes New Serial Thriller SHADOW OVER HILL HOUSE By Elliott Fillion Turn to Comic Observers expected Argesanu to follow Calinescus advocacy of closer Rumanian economic co operation with Great Britain and France Rumanians watched the situa tion nervously as Germany whn wants Rumanian oil and Soviet Russia who sees former Russian territory a part of Rumania drove troops farther into Poland north of Rumania V JDcwiti IMacKenzic in his analysis declared that the posi tion remained razorcdged and dangerous in ihe extreme not only for Rumania but for Eu rope as a Hundreds of arrests were being made throughout Rumania One of the questions officers were seek ing to answer was whether it was more than a coincidence that Calinescu was slain while German and Russian troops were moving in the north Bloodspattered bodies sprawled awkwardly in one of Bucharests main streets provided grisly evi dence of the governments ven geance for Calinescus assassina tion Thursday Around the ropcdoff area under a dreary sky hawkers were selling cakes and beer to a wideeyed stream of Ruman ians come to sec an object les son in swift Balkan punish ment Calinescu advocate of closer Ftumanian cooperation with Great Britain and France was shotto death in his automobile by a masked bnnd allegedly members The Weather FORECAST IOWA Increasing cloudiness Friday night and Saturday not so cool in cast and south por tions Friday niglit warmer in south and extreme cast portions cooler in extreme northwest por tion Saturday afternoon MINNESOTA Unsettled prob ably local showers Friday night or by Saturday not so cool in southcentral and southeast por tions cooler in extreme north west portion Friday niflit cool er Saturday except in extreme southeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Thursday 81 Minimum Thursday night 45 At 8 a m Friday 63 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 48 General George ArRCsann above former war minister be came the new premier of Ru mania followinc the assassina tion of Armand Calincscu Ar crsami is known as a touch disciplinarian and one of the countrys outstanding soldiers y V ;