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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 21, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AMD A3CHIUS DES UOIMC8 U VOL LI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Praia United Press Full leased Wires Cents a Copy Japs Are Finished As Power in World By HUGH BAILLIE N President of United Press Tokyo will never again become a world power Gen Douglas MacArthur said Friday in an interview with the United Press Japan industrially commercially militarily and every other way is in a state of complete collapse MacArthur de clared food supplies are scarce and she faces conditions in this emergency that may well become catastrophic Her punishment for her sins which is just beginning will be lone and bitter The supreme commander told me that war criminal trials will commence very shortly Japans army will be absolutely abolished by i Oct 15 The remnants of Japans navy are doomed to destruction ex cept minor specimens which may be retainable for scientific or i museum purposes All Japanese munitions and all munitions plants whichsurvived the war will be destroyed MacArthur said Japan will be kept on an austerity basis regarding entertainment and luxuries The Japanese are not being treated brutally btit the surrender j terms no matter how harsh are being rigidly enforced MacArthur I emphasized Furthermore he said i Japan can expect no relief no i food clothing or supplies from the allied powers this winter MacArthur pointed out complete execution of the terms imposed by the allies is expected to take many years Reiterating that he has no po litical aspirations MacArthur said that he started as a soldier and intends to finish as one Im on my last public assign ment which when concluded will mark the definite end of my serv ice he said MacArthur said this bloodless occupation was impossible with out retention of the emperor for surrender purposes and he de clared maintenance of the emperor during the disarmament proceedings had resulted in an untold saving of American lives money and time During the interview MacAr thur vigorously batted down vari ous reports regarding the occupa tion such as that the Japanese were hiding arms that Japanese soldiers were sneaking into the gendarmerie that the Japanese fail to realize they are thorough ly licked or that the Americans have notyet come into actual possession of surrendered Japa i nesearms and munitions He revealed that tbV Japanese military anasecretTJidllcewere being abolished that no per manent Japanese army for polic ing purposes will be maintained that nothing will be done regard ing the employment of 3000000 Japanese soldiers who mast ex ist or die as members of a ci vilianpopulation which is already without houses underfed and heavily unemployed MacArthur pointed out that the Japanese diet to meet briefly only t capitulation instructions populace My first question In the oc cupation of Japan are the terms of the Potsdam declaration being enforced to the letter Absolutely yes There seems to be an impres sion in the United States that you are going to tolerate the existence of a standing army of Japanese who will do most of the policing of Japan I said Would you care to comment on this I This query evoked an emphatic I reply j There is no fabric of truth in this statement MacArlfcur said The Japanese army is being completely demobilized by Oct 15 and absolutely abolished I then asked what would be done with the remnants of the determined by him or by a tier authority He replied All major policies ill be determined on the highest governmental level by the allied powers and will be executed by me as their agent as I may be di rected World Coprrltht 1545 by UnlUd Srei MAN KILLED IN GAR COLLISION Marinus Christensen Crystal Lake Victim Garner Marinus Christensen 57 of Forest City was instantly killed in an automobile collision at an intersection a mile and a half north and 2 miles west of Crystal Lake at p m Thurs day Deputy Sheriff Elmer Katter of Garner who investigated the crash was of the opinion the mans neck was broken In the other car was Mrs B A Steffen who lives on a farm in Winnebago county She was taken to a Buffalo Center hos pital Theextent of her injuries had not been fully determined Friday morning Both drivers werealone in their cars and the drivers Coroner Kenrieth Boughton o Britt said no inquest would b held but the accident would b investigated MASON CITY IOWA FKIDAY SEPTEMBER 21 1945 Thil Paper Consists ol Two Ono ALLIES CLAMP DOWN ACAIN STRIKE OF AT CHRYSLERS DETROIT PLANT Strike Caused by Layoff of 2200 From Lack of Parts Detroit strike of 800 CIO automobile workers closed Chrysler corporations Dodge truck plant Friday in a new dispute on Detroits troubled labor front Company officials said he strike developed over temporary layoff of 2200 employes resulting from lack of truck parts from strike bound supplying firms The company told the 2200 workers Thursday that they would not need to report Friday An other 800 who were advised to re port refused to dross picket lines Friday morning the company said closing the plant and halting all production Union leaders immediately sought conferences with the strik ers to establish reasons for the ac tion The new disturbance broke out as a complete management labor rift developed in the Kel seyHayes Wheel company strike which has forced the Ford Motor company to halt newcar pro duction The KelseyHayes strike entered its 30th day with 4500 CIO au tomobile workers idle and another 50000 forced io lay off in 11 Ford plants It was the most serious labor dispute among those affecting some 83000 workers at 70 Detroit plants KelseyHayes President George Kennedy Thursday notified u L t i to Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from yoor GlobeGazette carrier boy 3 Eldora Boys Reveal Fight s permitted pv O to transmit Duuiig Attempted Flogging Testify at Inquest Japanese navy He replied decisively All of It will he destroyed except minor specimens which may ne retained for scientific poses or museum jmr There have been many reports regarding thenumerical strength of the American army at present an Japan and the future maxi mum which will be required for the occupation so I asked Mac Arthur for a statement on this At the present time there are approximately 150000 troops in Japan he said The maximum figure will reach approximately 500000 I asked Now that the war is over have you any political as pirations MacArlhur replied None what soever I have never entered poli tics and never intend to do so I have stated before and reiterate nowthat I started as a soldier and shall finish as one I am on my last assignment which when concluded will mark the definite end of my service Asked whether any fraterniza tion is developing between Amer ican troops and the Japanese ci vilian population MacArthur said None The general aloofness of the American soldier based upon his innate selfrespect is one of the most noticeable characteristics of the occupation Will all Japanese munitions and munition manufacturing plants be abolished I asked The answers came almost be mouth Yes entirely so Many were destroyed during the war AU will be eventually How Miiler Fought 3NGuards at School Eldora Three inmates of the Eldora state training school for boys testifying at an inquest into the death of Ronald Miller 17 of Des Moines another inmate said Fridays fight broke out in the disciplinary cottage between Miller and 3 guards on Aug 27 2 days before Miller died The boys said the fight took place when Guards Carl Klatt Harold Nelson and Carroll Riley attempted to administer a beat ing to Miller as a disciplinary measure Klatt and Nelson have been discharged from the school staff and charged with murder in the death of Miller After Millers death which pre ceded a series of escapes at the school involving about 250 boys Coroner EH Biersborn said he had died or a blow on the head Testifying at the inquest were Bernard Ryan 17 Las Vegas Nev inmate who acted as night man at the disciplinary cottage the night of Aug 27 George Clayton 17 DesMoines and Bruce Brown 17 Omaha The boys said Miller used 2 chairs in striking Klatt and that one chair was demolished Brown testified that he thought Miller was the ringleader of a plan to escape Darrell Brown who was assist ant superintendent of the school at the time the riot and first escapes and Harold Martin dean boys both of whom also have been charged with murder were mentioned during the testimony The boys testified that Brown and Martin were sent for during the procedure in the disciplinary cot tage and one said that the as sistant supervisor struck Miller Theyalso testified that Martin gave orders to continue the beat ing of Miller to 30 blows An instrument called an Ana mosa stick was used in the beat ing the boys said as well as tugs and a black jack The Inmates testified that train ing school inmates were osed to assist in administering disciplin measures by down ce oy noiaing down fore the words were out of my the offender and that exlra merits jTlOUtn were given for being pigeons After the testimony of inmates and Brown boys witJi primer uji tnc eoVerneH Whicb COal pile prior to his death were governed a defeated Japan would brought in to testify LIKELY APPOINTEE in informed circles grows that Fred M Cooper high school principal at Fort Dodge will bt chosen to sncceed O S Von Krog as superintendent of the Iowa state training school for boys at Eldora The institution is temporarily In charge of P C Lainson warden of the state penitentiary at Fort Madison Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Fridaj night and Saturday with ris ing temperatures Occasiona showers and thunderstorms Iowa Increasing cloudiness Fridaj afternoon followed by scattered showers Friday night and Satur day Cooler west Saturday Minnesota Mostly cloudy Fridaj night and Saturday wtih show ers in west portion Frida night and in entire state Sat urday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 66 Minimum Thursday 40 At 8 a m Friday 47 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 53 STRIKES PUT CRIMP ON GAS a drive for a 30 per cent wage increase the Oil Workers International Un ion C I 0 has called strikes in several states crippling the nations supply of fuel and lubricants Four large re finenes in the Chicago district were closed due to the strike with pickets posted at gates as shown at one plant In Fort Worth iexas 0 A Knight president of the Oil Workers International union said that by the beginning of next week Iexpect more than 30000 workers will be out on strike Spreading Strikes Threaten Nations Petroleum Industry Wv By UNITED PRESS GEN SOMERVELL ASM TO DM Motorists and filling station at endants eyed their emptying gas oline tanks anxiously Friday as spreading strikes nations richest oil refining threat ened to dry up the petroleum in dustry V Refining operations In 8 stilts Michigan Indiana Illinois Ohio Soinervellhas i West Virginia and Texas all were plan for himself affectedby the mass walkout to t bach demands for maintenance of service forces chief intends warinflated wages to go on terminal leave the same Similar demands for higher day Gelu GcorEe C Marshall quits hourly wage rates to compensate aa chief of staff Marshall has no for reduced work schedules counted for most of the countrys totalof 200000 idle The dwindling output of the Calumet riverrefinery district in northern Indiana already halved by a walkout of nearly 5000 CIO oil workers came entirely from the huge Standard Oil plant at Whiting The refinery processes 2500000 gallons a day Along the Texas gulf coast pro duction at Port Arthur was at a virtual standstill arid Houston re finingoperations badly crippled by strikes Fellow unionists in Port Nechcs and in Fort Arthurs 3 butane plants were expected to walk out momentarily Striking members of the Oil Workers International Union CIO picketed the Whiting plant Thursday ana distributed leaflets in an attempt to solicit the co operation of the 6000 Standard employes members of an inde pendent union The OWIU has called out more than 20000 members over the na tion A strike at the Stanolind Pipeline Co which supplies crude oil to the Whiting plant was post poned however pending appraisal of the unions success in enlisting the support of Standard employes Both the CIO and unaffiliated union asked 52 hours pay for a 40hour week the equivalent of a 30 per cent wage increase The Standard Oil Workers association still is negotiating with the com pany and has instructed members to ignore CIO picket lines Californias gas and oil sup plies were threatened when oil workers there promised strike ac tion it negotiations failed with of ficials at 2 Los Angeles Shell oil plants In Chicago and its outlying com munities truck drivers who de liver gasoline met to consider join Ing the striking oil workers The drivers members of AFL Teamsters Union are seeking similar wage Increase Texas motorists with the ex ception of essential users were warned to expect no more gasoline after existing supplies were used up Conferences were called hur riedly in Toledo Ohio to set up an oil ration severe fuel shortages loomed in Cleve land and Detroit Clyde Chamblen secretary of the Toledo Oil Workers Local 356 predicted that the 8 state region surrounding Ohio would be plunged into a gas shortage within 48 hours Columbus filling sta tions began to place a 5gallon limit on gasoline sales In Fort Worth Texas O Knight International 1OWU pres ident warned that thousands of oil workers would join the walk out if the oil companies continued their bullheaded opposition to bargaining conferences known in a memorandum to Mar shall dated August 16 Under an permitting regu lar army officers with World war 1 serviceto retire the request is mandatory Someryell was commissionec rom West Point in 1914 He ha held his present job since March 1942 raid when that will be Someell made his intention DEAN KILDEE IN NEW ISG POST BLISS TO QUIT Will Be First Step in Uniting Three College Divisions Ames first step in co ordination of the teaching re search and extension divisions in agriculture at Iowa State college under one head will occur next July 1 when Dean H H Klldee assumes the added duties of ex ension director it was disclosed late Thursday Dr Charles E Friley president of the college who explained the coordination plan announced that Kildee would succeed K K Bliss who will retire June 30 Complete coordination of the work approved by the state board of education will be achieved over a 3 year period Dr Friley said Bliss who has been extension director since 1314 will be65 Oct 30 will relinquish his admin istrative duties at the end of the fiscal year as provided by college regulations Dean R Buchanan director of the experiment station is ex pected to retire 2 years later Kildee has been in charga of the Iowa State agricultural teaching program since 1933 and is a na tional authority on livestock and agricultural production GEN DOIHARA Senate Group Kills Plan to Revise Draft Washington senate pro posal to revise the draft law was killed off Friday by the senate military committee The committee acted in approv ing legislation already passed by the house to encourage voluntary enlistments in the armed forces through various inducements Chairman Thomas DUtah prior to the session had planned to ask that the present selective service be limited to men 21 to 2B years I gave up because I do not want to be in a position of delay ing the army and navy plan to obtain men by enlistment the chairman said Thomas explained that the re cruitment measure before the committee did not raise the drafl revision issue He said that it this was attacked by thesen atedispute debate and delay wouldresult He said he would delay any attempt to revise existing draft laws Thomas proposal for revision now was shunted aside by the committee after informal discus sion and without the matter com ing to a formal vote FLIES TO BABr and Mrs Cle5 Elling are parents a son born at the Garner nursing home Mon day Capt Elling is flying from Philadelphia to a point in Iowa where he will be met by his broth er Paul Elling who will bring him here VIEWING ORIGIN OF FIRE WHICH CHARRED HOME NE lieyiattempteitoDllgKthe extreme burner about a m a brakeman on the Rock Island Lines was absent at the time of the fire which forced his family to move S6 KTe Kelley Glenn 7 Donna S and Mrs Boyd 10St ln blaze The baby Billy 9 months was taken to the neighbors by Donna who led the children to safety TOw were dressing for breakfast in their bedroom when Mrs Boyd lit the burner gutted the interior of the 2story 6 room home Loss to the house and contents was estimated at There were no injuries contents Twelve firemen successfully battled the raging fire which quickly spread to other downstairs rooms destroying or damaging household goods and burning through the llth to the hydrant bfocks awayat EThUlh inch booster hose poured more hours late TVhich was finally under Control 3 dirCCted the flre of 3 companiescombination No 1 engine 2 and the salvage company Lock photo K Engr ORDER ARREST OF HIGH JAPAN ARMY GENERAL Nip Press and Radio Gets 10 Point Code From Gen Mac Arthur Tokyo MacArthur riday ordered the immediate irrest of Lt Gen Kenji Doihara recent appointment to ommand Japans first general army wasgiven allied acceptance issued a 10 point code to iuide operations of the censored Japanese press and radio Japans cabinet met meanwhile or 3 hours to discuss problems yhich wellinformed sources said included mounting food shortages andrepatriation of Japanese ci vilians from Manchuria and Korea The newspaper Asahi Friday added another dimenovel thrill er to the tales of Japanese sur endercrisis intrigue reporting that former Premier Kantaro Su uki barely escaped with his life rom a band of armed Japanese oldiers Aug 15 The band evi dently angered by surrender plans machinegunned in quick succession 2 houses from which Suzuki had just departed Doihara once called Japans Lawrence of Manchuria was lis countrys advance agent in its Asiatic conquest His appointment as command n of the first general anny snc eeding Field MarshalGen Sugi yama who committed suicide was a surprise to many Japanese who said his past record was not one hat would Inspire American con fidence American army officers never theless said after the confer ence that Doihara had pledged full cooperation and was courteous and General MacArthuis code for the Japanese press specified that lews must adhere strictly to the auth and said that nothing may be printed which might directly or indirectly disturb public tran quility Rather than restrict the press xvhich already is Americancen iored the code emphasized truth n news and the elimination of propaganda MacArthur previously had laid down a set of regulations for Japanese editors For infractions he suspended the Dome agency and 2 newspapers briefly Meanwhile American marines prepared to expand the smoothly running occupation of Japan to he big naval base of Sasebo on Kyushu The 5th amphibious force is scheduled to take over thebase Saturday The only trace of violence in the occupation thus far was an accidental ammunition explosion that killed one American soldier and injured 60 others near Tokyo Army authorities said an Ameri soldier touched off the blast by accident and that no Japanese sabotage was suspected The roundup of war criminals continued smoothly with U S 8lh army forces taking Australian John Holland allegedly linked with Tokyo radio broadcasts from a barber shop at Sopporo on Hok kaido to join ExPremier Hideki To jos Pearl Harbor gang in jail at Tokyo MacArthurs headquarters asked the Japanese government for in formation on the whereabouts and welfare of the Turkish ambassa dor to Japan and his staff There was no immediate elaboration The ambassador Ali Muzaffer Goeker arrived in Tokyo on May 10 1944 Turkey severed relations with Ja pan on June 1 1945 and declared war shortly afterward Seventyyearold Nobuyuki Abe governor general of Korea from July 23 1944 until the American occupation left Seoul for Japan with his ailing wife He had been given permission to remain in Korea after other Japanese offi cials had been sent home until his wife suffering from pneumonia had recovered sufficiently to trav The survivors of the American infantry divisions old 145 officers and 870 enlisted men out from Yokohama on the first leg of their journey back to the United States The division the only one in the U S army with a name instead of a number was formed in New Caledonia in early At Pearl Harbor Admiral Nimitz announced that the navys block ade of Woleai in the Caroline is lands was so effective that ap proximately 5000 of its original garrison of 6500 Japanese soldiers starved to death The underfed survivors surrendered Wednesday Buy Your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;