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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 21, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Gr C 0 V P A fcD ARCHIVES 1 A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCUWD PRESS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 21194T THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION UUllf J KjJLJi A OF TWO SECTJONS onrr CHURCHILL MASS INVASION MAPPED Allies Bomb Venice French Mop Up Corsica Backs Allied Strategy CTU rr jn Reds to Be Held Soon 5TH ARMY WINS EBOLI INLAND FROM SALERNO Germans Retreating to Avoid Entrapment by Advancing 8th Army By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters in North Africa liberators threw new weight into the con quest of Italy by bombarding the historic port ot Venice as French troops and native guerrillas pro ceeded Tuesday to mopping up German resistance on Corsica and the U S 5th army registered new gains in he Salerno beach head Slowly and steadily pressing he backward the 5th army stormed and took the key town of Eboli 16 miles in land which had served the en emy as a communications cen during last weeks heavy fighting about Salerno General Mark W Clarks sol diers also battered their way to Montecorvino 9 miles inland in sustained push source disclosed an official A military spokesman also an nounced that the Germans are swinging the lower end of a line which formerly inclosed the Sa lerno bridgehead to the north and east to avoid being trapped by the continued rapid advance of the British 8th army the bulk of the German forces north of the Sele river The Germans are using infan try supported by small groups of tanks to tight a delaying ac tion in the Eboli area and i the 5th army also was reported en countering elaborate minefields and demolitions in its slow but continued advance north of Sa lerno The enemy possesses excellent defensive positions in the hill country north and northeast of Salerno the spokesman said and the progress of the allied troops is necessarily slow in such terrain German prisoners were quoted in official reports from the front as giving eloquent testimony of he devastating effect of incessant allied air attacks on retreating German columns Cairo headquarters reporting ivjjvjunj the bombing ot Venice said 1 explosion caused there was fol lowed by a column of smoke S 000 feef high but the full results of the attack were obscured by clouds Liberators based on the middle east also hit railway yards and bridge approaches at the Adriatic port ot Pescara It was announced officially at Cairo also that the RAF had extended allied air domination of the mediterranean by land ing on and starting operations from the Italian Dodecanese is land of Coo Most of Corsicas Italian garri son of about 40000 men has joined native guerrillas and French troops landed from fast French vvarships in a fight to wipe out the German forces on the island 111 official announcement said Tuesday The announcement issued by the allied naval command de clared that French destroyers of the latest design which arc among the worlds fastest war craft had dashed into Ajaccio harbor with troops and supplies nttcr visit was paid by a French submarine This subma rine joined the French navy after a daring flight from a French port last November v Jjr Some nifthts later the same warships made a 2nd fast trip to Ajaccio with morc men guns and other equipment At the time the naval announcement said there were believed to be some 12000 Germans on the island east of a line drawn form Bastia to Bonafacto With them had joined an Italian fas cist regiment The Corsican patriots were al ready waging an effective guer rilla campaign in the mountains with 1 group capturing 126 Ger mans in a single day On boih the 1st and 2nd swift runs which brought them into Ajaccio in the middc of the night the French warships were spotted by enemy reconnaissance aircraft AJACCIO CHIEF TOWN OF CORSICA but they succeeded in escaping attack When the ships arrived and the wildly enthusiastic Corsicans gathered on the docks to stage a celebration as French Moroccan troops disembarked fires were still blazing in the scrub on the hUlsides They were started by German planes which on the pre ceding day sought to fire Italian ammunition dumps The 1st French invasion i move a hitch Official sources Jailed to disclose1 immediately whether Ger mans on the island among whom were members of the nazi garri son who ffed from Sardinia to escape the pursuing Italians were still resisting the French troops and patriots Signal Tower Operator Hurt When 6 Cars of Train Are Derailed Ottiumia cars of a Milwaukee freight train from Davenport were derailed and crashed into the signal tower west of here Monday afternoon W B Hart signal tower operator suf fered minor arm injuries when an oil tank car struck the tower and tipped it to a 45 degree angle The wreckage blocked the Burlington mainline tracks for several hours SUE FLTTNX FOR TAXES Hollywood UR1 Actor Errol Flynn was sued Tuesday for 5121858 back income taxes The lien largest filed in several years against a member of the Holly wood film colony asked collec tion ot the S12185B as additional federal income tax for last year McNuttand Waring Talk to Veterans Omaha Roane Waring na tional commander of the American Legion and Paul y ilcNittt war manpower commissioner joined Tu to the s veianniverfaryKconvejitipn that only by summoning tHe full strength of America will the war result in a complete victory for the united nations on the battle field and at the peace table Waringand preceded the scheduled presentation of the legions distinguished serv vice medal to Gen Georcc C Marshall chief of staff of the U S army In a report of his activities as national commander during the last year prepared for delivery to the legion Waring declared that the legion must not only recom mit itself to its present wartime mandates but also must consider plans for postwar America during the coming year McNult in an address prepared for delivery to the convention dwelled upon the immediate war efforts and said we must put behind the war effort every ounce of our fighting and productive strength We cannot permit senti ment or prejudice or undue op timism to vitiate that strength We shall get to Berlin and Tokyo but let us all mikc certain that we get there earlier rather than late Waring asserted futile indeed to spill the blood ol American manhood and to dissi pate the treasury ot American re sources to win the war andthen to face the losing future the life of our own nation comes 1st It must be preserved The integrity of its institutions must in the peace of the future be carefully guarded and pro tected pointed lagging production schedules and asserted that be causeof manpower shortages the nation cannot afford to take one vitally essential worker off the job to prevent the drafting of a father In this war every man of draft age must accept the assignment given him he spot where lie san best serve the war effort McNvitt said That spot may be in the copper mine in agriculture in an aircraft factory or in the army We arc all in the same boat Fugitive Involved in Collision Is Caught Davenport Jcffe Mace IS of Clinton who escaped from Ana mosa reformatory quarry Monday morning was arrested by Daven port police Tuesday after the automobile he was driving was involved in a collision House Passes Resolution Calling for CoOperation of U S to Maintain Just Peace REDS DESTROY DESNA WINTER DEFENSE LINES Important Bastion Town of Chernigov Captured by Russian Forces London The whole Ger man Desna river winter defense line collapsed Tuesday nuclei a terrific red army onslaught which broke the stand along the en tire west bank and took by storm bastion town of the important Chernigov 30 miles from the anetsrEsrta have been overcome by our troops Dnieper river and 77 miles north east of Kiev Marshal Stalin an nounced in an order of the day f The successful forcing of the Desna described by Stalin as a outflanking maneuver followed 3 days of violent fijrht ine the premiers announcement said The order of the day broadcast by Moscow and recorded by the Associated Press said as the re tsult of Chernigovs fall the Ger prepared on the 31 FLAGS DISPLAYED Des Moines flags of 31 united nations have been mounted in the rotunda of the state historical departmentCura tor Ora Williams said the display is i popular feature with visitors along the whole length of the river and the plan of the Germans to stem the advance of our troops on the line of the river Dasna must be considered to have failed An earlier Moscow communi que announced that red army forces had slashed across the KievChernigov highway on the middle Dnieper and cut the main Crimean escape railway between Zaporozhe a 11 tl Dnepropetrovsk Other Russian troops stormed on from captured Veilzh 65 miles northwest of Smolensk to out flank that German central front anchor The Moscow communique disclosed an amazing list of tri umphs marked un by the hard sluffging Russian troops includ ing the start of a great wheel ing movement pointed toward Cherkasy key rail reiitrr on the Dnieper southeast of Kiev in an attempt to entrap the hundreds of thousands of German troops reported massed in the river bend More than 1130 towns and vil lages fell before the sloshing so viet advances the Russian war bulletin said Tremendous piles of war equipment including strings of fully loaded troop and material trains tanks armored cars guns Only29 Negative Votes Cast Against Fulbright Proposal Washington house Tuesday passed and sent to the senate the Fulbright resolution calling for American cooperation in maintaining a just peace through international machinery The vote was 360 to 29 W The action taken under pro cedure requiring a two thirds majority for approval marked the 1st time that a measure on postwar international relations has been voted upon in con gress W W The senate jeylous of its for eign relations prerogatives is likely to sidetrack the peace cooperation proposal pending drafting of a substitute by the senate foreign relations commit tee Of the no votes 26 were cast by republicans and 3 by demo crats As passed by the house after a debate which begun Monday the resolution stipulated that United States cooperation in interna tional machinery should tie within constitutional limitations a change sponsored by republican members Few direct attacks were made on the proposal but indirectly it was criticized as Meaningless and a resolution which even Isolationists could vote for Itwas introduced by Represen tative J W Fulbright D Ark and was approved unanimously by the house foreign affairs com mittee rt put the house on record as favoriing the creation of ap propriate international machinery will power adequate to establish and to maintain a just and lasting peace During the closing debate Rep resentative Everett M Dirkscn R III said lie intended to vote for the resolution but was fed up with the nebular nonsense we put into resolutions Representative Herman P Eb erhartor D Pa told the house We will have indescribable chaos unless we begin now to pre pare for the peace and said the resolution was a proper 1st step were well reported great BRITISH LAND ON 3 AEGEAN ISLES RAF Operating From Dodecanese Airdrome Cairo British forces have landed on the Aegean islands of Coo Lero and Samos off the coast of Turkey it was announced of ficially Tuesday The confirmation of the reported occupation of Coo and ammunition taken intact as caches of grain the andLerolirthrUaiiairbodleca naste in which the nozis were ncse group nnd the Greek island of the of Samos immediately to th The enemy left more than 10 000 dead on the field of battle the Russians said Red army airmen smashed aii apparent attempt of he Ger mans to evacuate the Caucasus hen they sank an enemy mine sweeper and 3 troop barges just south of the Taman peninsula abovr he recaptured port of Novorossisk 11 VVLIC ncse group and me Greek i aIL scctors ot Samo immediately to north which has been current for several days followed an RAF comrmmiquc announcing that the RAF had seized the Coo airdrome and is now operating from there When buying a pack of cigarets contribute 5c to CiRarels for Servicemen to buy pack for a man in service overseas Weather Report FORECAST While the whole German front appeared to be crumbling under Maspn City Warmer Tuefin the terrific battering by the red afternoon and Tuesdav army legions the nazi situation in the Smolensk theater verged on the precarious soviet front line reports indicated Here the Rus Iowa sians apparently were hurling in immense concentrations of artil lery infantry aircraft and tanks to clear the swamps and mine filled forests around that bastion Mondays advance carried them within 30 miles of the stronghold The Berlin radio admitted the Smolensk battle was rising to a climax with Russian parachute troops dropping behind the Ger man lines above the northern arm of the Dnieper river bend The tall of Vclizh not only flanked Smolensk but placed red army spearheads within 10 miles of the While Russian border and only miles northeast of Vitebsk on the rail line from Smolensk to Latvia The old Polish border is less than 115 miles to the west not much change in tempera ture Wednesday forenoon Warmer Tuesday night cooler north and west portions by Wednesday noon Minnesota Little change in tem perature Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon except be coming cooler northwest and extreme north portions late Tuesday and Wednesday fore noon Occasional light rain or driz2le in extreme north portion beginning late Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday r2 Minimum Monday night 41 At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum R7 Minimum 42 fT fV Minister Winston Churchill stiongly defending allied military and political operations in Italy told the house of commons Tuesday that the time is coming when the united nations will open a European 2nd Iront and the mass invasion of the continent will begin rf 1 emphasized that despite Russian demands the 2nd front in western Europe would be opened onlv at ti e C Ameriean allies JudSe to he the right But he pointed out that important arrangements made at Quebec and in London were for a closely correlated nolicv and action between the union and Great Britain and the United States A 3power conference among Britain the United States and the soviet union will take place at an early date Churchill said ex pressing the view that Brit ain should be represented by Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden The prime a speech so long that it was interrupted for a luncheon buck at critits who had charged costly de Jay in the invasion of Italy and fumbling in dealing with the Badoglio regime He said Benito Mussolini was rescued by nazi paratroopers only because his Italian guards failed to obev or ders to shoot the former premier if necessary Churchill also replied to de mands both here and in Russia for a 2nd front in western Eu rope acknowledging that what he a 3rd front in the Mediterranean failed to meet the demands But he said a 2nd front exists potentially It has not yet been thrown into sway That time is coming1 The prime minister said that al lied aerial power might achieve complete domination of Germany next year and that allied sea and air power had scored a great tri umph over the Uboats on a 4 month period when not a single merchant ship was lost in the north Atlantic and a 2 weeks pe riod in which not a single 1 was lost throughout the world But the nazis apparently are bringing out a new secret wea addition to selfpro pelling bombs used against our ships by nazi a hard battle already has started with a Uboat attack now in progress against an allied con voy In regard to the Mediterranean Churchill said that American forces had landed in Sardinia to support Italians who drove out the Germans and that allied naval forces are cooperating with Ital ians and French in fighting the nazis in Corsica He described the Amciican rilish landing nl Salerno iis an havc rc on allied Highlights London iff Highlights of Prune Minister Churchill talk to parliament Tuesday 1 Britains supply of aircraft now exceeds Germanys by more than 4 to 1 This factor he said opens the possibility of saturat ing German defenses on the ground and in the air 2 German Uboats iicwed their assaults shipping in the north Atlantic A battle between naJ underseas raiders and an allied convoy is now in progress 3 The weight of bombs dropped on Germany by the RAF in the last 12months was 3 times greater than in the preceding 12 month period The havoc wrought is undescribable 4 American forces have landed on Sardinia off the west coast of Italy supporting proallied Ital ian troops which had already driven the Germans off the island into 5 Except for the of Italian guards to pertoitii their assigned duty exPremfer Mils solini would have been shot when nazi parachute troops rescued him at Gran Sasso 6 In the 4 months ending Sept 18 not a single allied merchant ship was lost by enemy action in the north Atlantic German II boats failed to sink any allied ship anywhere in the world dur ing the 1st 2 weeks of September 1 AmericanBritishRussian conference take place at an early date Churchill said he confidently hoped there would also be a conference of President Roosevelt Premier Stalin and himself before the end ot 1943 o standing iii amphibious W V warfare but admitted that we cut it very fine indeed and ran the risk of a grave setback Indicating that Italy might be Germany and suggesting that other German satellite states night capitulate Churchill said hat we are coming to the rescue md liberation of Italy We are prepared to place large armies in Italy and deploy on a weighty active fighting front against the enemy on whatever line he chooses to re sist and to maintain an offen sive against him with increas ing weight and vigor if need be throughout the autumn and the winter and beyond He emphasized that allies would rally the strongest force1 against the Germans Mussolini and the quisling fascists and would not be put off by any fear there is not complete unamimity on the sub ject Democratic assembfys act by majorities He said there was nothing that prejudges the kind of government the Italians can es tablish Warning that the bloodiest tor tunes of war lie ahead for the al lies Churchill said there was no truth to charges of unwarranted delay in invading Italy Reviewing briefly the Italian developments he disclosed that the original plan was for an American airbonie division to land in Rome for the government of Premier Marshal Pietrn Ba doglio to hand over puslcd Ere micr Bcnito Mussolini and for Bartoglio to make peace The suggestion that 10 davs of ume and the lives of many at lied soldiers were lost needlessly is as illfounded in fact as H is wounding to those bereaved he said There ivas never one mo ment lost The timing of the at tack was fixed without refer ence to the attitude of ihe Ital ian government The Kule limiting factor he said was preparation of landing craft Even then Churchill said the invasion date was advanced from Sept 15 to Sept 9 Because of secrecy designed in deceive the Germans regarding Badoglios intentions Churchill said it was impossible to hand Mussolini over to the allies at once but careful plans were laid to pre vent him from being rescued by the nazis The plans he acknowledged did not prepare for the large attack by nazi parachute and glider tioops which descended on the Gran Sasso hotel norlh of Home where Mussolini was held but the ousted premier was rescued only because the Italian caribincri guarding him failed to carry out their orders to shoot Mtusolini rather than permit his escape or vcscuc Churchill addressed 1 crowd ed chamber in one of the most sessions of his career He was applauded loud ly by members who had hccn sharpshooifng at the Italian situation for some days The prime minister emphasized that the Mediterranean campaign never had been considered as a substitute for a direct attack on western Europe which would es tablish the second front demand ed by Russia But his review of the profound effects of allied aerial warfare against Germany was not expect ed to quiet the advocates of a 2nd front in France especially since the prime minister revealed a tre mendous victory at sea which cleared the path from America for snips men and Supplies Openins of a new front on the Mediterranean was always in tended to be an essential preli minary to the main attack against Germany and her ring ot subju reside on a farm near Jolce ;