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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 20, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IQWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Proa and United Press Fuji MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 1M4 Thli Paper Comlzta at Two NO Brave Front Always Put Up by French By EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor REACH EDGE OF NORTH GERMANY Letter No 21 Paris France By U S Army Bomber amazing capacity of the French people to put up a good front no matter what the difficulties is nowhere better demon strated than in their shops and stores This is writ ten at the end of a day in which Ive walked at least a dozen miles in d o w n to w n Paris There are no taxis in this city which used to have them by the thousands Most of shops are open and with the most closed that Doth nazi and Kus attractive show windows imagin sian troops had pushed across the able But when you enter the shop eastern Finnish frontier FINLAND LOSES KARELIAN AREA BY RED PEACE Face Probable Bloody Task of Removing Nazi Troops Still in Nation BULLETIN London an nounced her intention Wednesday night of fighting for northern Finland followint if necessary a scorched earth policy and dis as I did numerous times you dis cover that the shelves are almost Jiare Most of the salable goods has been placed on frontwindow display Thats what I mean when I re fer to the French ability to put up a brave appearance under trying conditions Prices mostly are high and much of the material on sale is ersatz a term borrowed from the Ger mans Perfumes are perhaps the one exception My day started with a breakfast Ernie Pyle perhaps the most famous of Americas war cor respondents It was his last day in Paris and perhaps his last day in the European war theater I need a rest he told me Im tired in spirit perhaps more than in body His plan is to fly to England spend a few days there and then make a leisurely voyage home where he will be away from both her arid war and telephones Although he was making no predictions about tlje end of the war he had the do all the dozens of correspondents Ive contacted over the war was in its final stages so far as Germany is concerned A week ago justas Iwasleay ingVIiondphivIfsaw with Gordon Moines Register war correspond ent on the eve of his return home by plane He too spoke of the dis integration of the German army A long walk up Champs Elysees took me to the famous Arc de Triomph where American soldiers in large numbers were passing by for a reverent salute over the grave of Frances unknown sol dier An Arkansas soldier stood London of richest industrial territory burdened with heavy cash rep arations as the price of peace Finland dedicated Wednes day by Acting Prime Minister Ernest von Born to building up a new national existence with the opportunities left to us Of immediate concern was the probably bloody task of removing German troops remaining in the of the conditions imposed In the 23 point armistice agreement reached in Moscow Tuesday withsoviet Russia and Great Britain It is a serious matter that we have to disarm German troops in Finland and hand them over to the allies said von Born in broadcasting details of the armis tice to the Finnish people And this although we have to pre pare hastily for the Finnish army to return to a peacetime footing An appendix to the agreement published Wednesday said with drawal of the Finnish troops he hind the new state frontier and advance of the Russians up to it would begin at 9 a mThursday London declaring the Finns have obtained condi tons much less onerous than those offerecl in March of this year said that through Moscows suc cessive arrangements with Ro mania Bulgaria and Finland any suspicion of a dark plot de signed toTring the whole of east ern Europe under Russian sway is exposed as lacking foundation Stockholm reports which lacked DEWEYS TRAIN of the Dewey special train telescoped a passen ger train near Castle Rock Wash late Tuesday Spectators above look at the damage in which the New York governor and his wife were shaken up Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving PEOPLES PEACE URGED BYDEWEY GOP Candidate Scores Indispensable Men Portland Ore unruffled by 2 escapes from sert ous injury Gov Thomas E Dewey prepared to board a refurbished campaign train Wednesday for San Francisco and a Thursday night Repair Deweys Train for Campaign Trip to Frisco Portland Ore of mechanics swarmed over Gov Thomas E Deweys special campaign train Wednesday to repair ROLL GERMANS STEADILY BACK ON LATVIA LINE Drive Paving Way for Autumn Offensive at New Peak of Intensity BULLETIN London troops have broken through German de fenses in an offensive north of Tartu in Estonia capturing more than 1500 communities asoviet order of the day announced Wed nesday night Moscow massive Baltic drive first phase of a supreme Russian autumn offensive rolled the Germans back steadily Wed nesday over the Latvian front imminently menacing Higa and threatening to bring its fall at any moment Front dispatches said advance tank and motorized infantry units had pushed deep into the citys defenses The official communique announced an approach to within 6 miles as the red army edged in from 3 sides and brought artillery to bear In 4 days the Russian Baltic armies have captured nearly 3 000 communities in their smash ing attack which promises to clear all the Germans shortly from Estonia Latvia and Lithu r PREPARE DRIVE Command of run nc West Front AROUND END W SIEGFRIED LINE guard Next I proceeded to Eiffel tower a landmark I had spotted some 25 miles to the west of Paris as we approached yesterday I had hoped to see Paris from its great height as I did in this privilege was denied American soldiers in large num bers were clustered about the ex pansive base of the great network of steel Parisian counterpart of our EmpireState One of them with whom I struck up a conver sation was a base not far from Faris where Mason Citys Odette Stoddard is in charge of a Red Cross cinembhile I sent greet ings to her On my way to Notre Dame ca thedral about 2 miles distant I stopped to make inquiry about the route The young Frenchman to whom I addressed my question couldnt tell language barrier is terrific he could take me to it And thats just what he the back seat of his tandem his girl friend waited When I offered to pay him for his kindness he was visibly hurt But he a package of American cigarets the going price for which here in Paris is S2 a pack I really wish I had a picture of myself on the tail end of that bicycle It would be something for the rotogravure section Incidentally bicycles are the universal mode of transportation here Im told there isnt a private automobile in operation in Paris today The reason No petrol Tomorrow Im returning to Lon don by air for a couple of weeks I hope to fan out to some important places in both England and Scotland I shall al ways look back on my 2 days here in Paris as one of the most re vealing and stimulating experi ences of my life immediate official confirmation Tuesday said Finnish troops had moved against nazi forces in northern Finland Von Born said the south as far as Oulu already was clear The Germans if they desire can withdraw into north ern Norway The armistice agreement im plied at least a certain amount of allied assistance in case of pro longed German resistance The pact requires that airfields in southern and southwestern Fin land be placed temporarily at the disposal of the allies The loss of territory to Russia was the sorest point to the Finns and the first item mentioned by von Born in his broadcast review Declaring that Sept 19 1944 will be one of the hardest days of our history the acting prime min ister announced that the armistice called for immediate restoration of the RussianFinnish bordr fixed after the 104day winter war of 19391940 Thus Karelia is lost said von Born Karelia the area northwest of Leningrad and west and north of Lake Ladoga includes the city of Viipuri and is the most indus trially developed region of Fin land Inthat area lives more than 19 per cent of Finlands pre1940 population The agreement also provided for the outright ceding to Russia of the Petsamo area in the far north with its port and rich nickel mines and the leasing for 50 years ofthe Porkkala peninsula with its naval base on the Finnish gulf publican program ofTreedom and Security For All Cheered lustily for his assertion here Wednesday night that there is no indispensable man the GOP presidential nominee prom ised to tell Thursdays audience the philosophy by which I believe we can achieve our 2 great goals for America freedom and security for all Dewey told a crowd of about 7 000 persons in the ice coliseum here that in the making of a peo ples peace there could be no indispensable man A sympathetic throng rose to its feet Tuesdaynight when he de clared Lets have no more pretense about indispensable men There are ho indispensable men If our republic after 150 years of self go vernm en is dependent upon the endless continuance of one man in office then the hopes which ani mated the men who fought for the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution have indeed come to nothing The peace we seek he de clared must not hang by the slender thread of personal ac quaintance of any 2 or 3 men The pages of history are littered with treaties proclaiming permanent peace made privately by rulers of nations and quickly broken This cause is too important to be trusted to discredited methods or to be dependent upon the life span and continued friendship of 2 or 3 individuals The New York governors refer ence to the two or three men ap parently was to President Roose KNOCK OUT 36 GERMAN TANKS Nazi CounterAttacks HAS BUT ONE WORRY Kansas City Cleo Coins tripped on a streetcar track and was nearly run over by a trolley car When a patrolman dashed up to examine her for possible in juries she was powdering her nose but complained Just look at my nylon hose the wreckage so he could continue into California after a of mishaps which dogged through the northwest The Dewey train smashed Into a standing passenger train Tues day noon near Castle Rock Wash Gov and Mrs Dewey were shaken up andbruised while most of the S3 newspaper and tatryes and other party memb tsrif reported The locomotive and baggage car of the special telescoped into the observation car of the Great Northern train The regular train had been flagged down at the scene of an earlier freight train collision which killed one tram man and injured 3 others The impact hurtled those in the special train to the floor tables and furniture were smashed windows and doors were shattered and personal effects were scat tered widely Eight photograph ers had just left the baggage car workroom orprobably would have been killed Much valuable equip ment was damaged particularly in the work rooms where report ers typewriters and furniture tumbled into a heap Dewey struck on the head and shoulders by a dislodged suitcase and thermos bottle went through both trains speaking to passengers and checking on injuries and dis comfort He refused to be driven to Portland in a private car until Washington state police had flagged down passing motorists to transport the newsmen Near Vancouver Wash the Dewey automobile narrow y missed a furniture truck which turned across the highway The train was towed the 60 miles to Portland Tuesday night where emergency repairs were made Dewey was forced to cancel all events planned for Portland ex cept his speech then he and Mrs ania and pave the way for the remaining steps of the autumn of fensive expected to be bigger than anything to date Develop ments may be expected from the Gulf of Finland to Yugoslavia The present northern campaign appears aimed at driving out By VIRGIL PINKLEY Supreme Headquarters AEF Hitler has taken DI RECT COMMAND of the battle of Germany it was revealed Wed nesday as British armored forces turning the flank of the Siegfried line in Holland and entered Nij megen in a swift drive that threatened momentarily to break across the Rhine on the high road to Berlin Hitlers generalship already was in evidence all along the blazing battlefront from northern Holland to the edge of the Saar valley Front dispatches said crack German troops and panzer units were being hurled into RECK LESS COUNTERATTACKS that slowed the allied advance in some sectors at a frightful cost in nazi lives In others they resulted only in a slaughter of Germans with out stemming the Berlinbound allies First official word of the fueh rers new role similar to that which he assumed with disastrous results on the Russian front came from Field Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgomery at his forward command in Belgium The allies have a lot to be thankful for in that Hitler has taken charge of operations Mont gomery told officers and men of a Scottish division It means the enemy is commanded by a lunatic In that respect Im glad the German generals failed in their bomb attempt against the fueh Hitlers decision to lead the de fense of the reich he added strengthened his Montgomerys belief that the war in Europe would end before the close of 1944 British Tanks Sky Troops Form Solid Wall Across Lower Rhine London forces of British army and airborne troops straddled the lower Rhine in Hol land 5 miles from Germany Wed nesday in position for a GREAT NEW INVASION of the reich around the upper end of the Sieg fried line British 2nd army armor threw a 50mile long cutoff wall across eastern Holland in 48 hours It merged solidly with parachute glider soldiers dropped near Nij megen on the Wall Rhine The British were apparently battling on to link with still other skytroops 10 miles farther north on the upper branch of the river near Arnhem The Siegfried line was being outflanked The path was open ing for a wheeling offensive ACROSS THE FLATLANDS of northern Germany Nazis hi south western Holland were menaced with entrapment Americans struck fierce Ger man resistance in the invasion of Germany and in their offensives from the NancyMetz line and toward the Belfort gap farther south But 2 doughboy columns had thrust 20 miles or more be yond Nancy toward Strasbourg USED FOR PACKAGES Creston IP Gallonsize tin cans are being used by Creston residents to send Christmas pack ages overseas Postmaster Matt Conway said they were very suit able and met all postal require ments for use as a military region In cash Finland must pay reparations totaling American within 6 years Von Born disclosed this was only half what the Russians had asked in the futile peace negotiations last spring but he added that it is relatively heavier than any de mand for reparations made on any country after the last great war For the duration of the war the Finnish merchant fleetis placed at the disposal of the allies for the transportation of war materiel None of the other 23 points in the agreement was discussed by von Born because he said at this stage we have not yet formed an accurate idea of every detail The acting prime minister said that even though the conditions are difficult Finland must stick to reality remembering that it is our lot to live and dwell as a neighbor of powerful Russia Bay yo u r War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier boy 1 Tuesday velt Prime Minister Churchill of Great Britain and Premier Stalin of Russia His allusion to the life span was in line with his previous as sertions that the present demo cratic administration is old and tired President Roosevelt is 62 Dewey is 42 Greeted with a 2minute ova tion Dewey drew the biggest ap plause of his speech with this as sertion My opponent claims to be in dispensable to peace and pros perity In other words he claims that the United States and the world cannot get along without him He has chosen this as the is sue of the campaign I accept the issue and I challenge it The plan fact was Dewey as serted that 12 years of new deal administration has given this country a continuous demonstra tion of quarreling dissension and disunity It has set group against group race against race and class against class he declared Under this administration business and labor have been set against each other and labors own house became di vided Dewey despite their fatigue held a hotel reception after his address Investigators quoted Engineer C A Wells that the fastmoving special rounded a curve just as the passenger train stopped and air brakes slowed the train to about 20 miles an hour before the crash With the U S First Army Knocking out 36 enemy tanks and driving back repeated infantry counterattacks the U S first army stoutly held on to its breaches in the Siegfried line Wednesday The Germans threw reserves into the battle on this front in an effort to protect the Rhineland Driven back on their own soil the Germans were fighting more desperately and there was more coordination to their savage but abortive thrusts against the doughboys and armored spear heads sitting solidly throngh the Siegfried defenses than at any time since the battle of Normandy In one sector American defenses blasted 8 tanks while the infantry drove back 2 ground attacks which were preceded by heavy artillery fire In another area the Germans threw in 41 tanks and 28 of them were destroyed There is little doubt now that the Germans are making a major stand at the Siegfried line Some troops entered the line with orders to hold at all costs The enemy probably was fever ishly building defenses on the eastern bank of the Rhine In Stolberg Americansfought from houise to house against Ger mans using every obstacle in an effort to delaythe advance The town was almostsurrounded In Aachen troops heard loud explosions and there were reports that gestapo and poice were forc ing civilians to leave the battered city With the big supply port Brest on Brittany peninsula U S to Demand All jerman and Jap Aviation Be Irriinobilized Washington UR American proposals at the international av iation conference beginning Nov 1 will include a demand that all forms of com mercial and Ger many and Japan be virtually im mobilized for an indeterminate period after the war it was learn ed Wednesday The principal air powers are believed already agreed that the enemy countries shall NOT be permitted to retain manufacture or import military aircraft In addition this country pre sumably with support of Britain Russia and China will insist on keeping down enemy civil avia tion for years to come bearing in mind the threat that once was imposed in this hemisphere by axis airlines in Latin America PUSH IN forces have been hurled against the crumbling German lines in Estonia and Latvia A in an other of the wars big offensives aimed at crushing 2 nazi Baltic armies At the same time an other onslaught by another Russian army in the Narva sec tor B of Estonias northeast ern coast appears imminent KILLED IN CRASH Hays Kans John F Kelley 19 son of Mrs Angala H Kelley Springville Iowa was 1 of 10 crewmen killed Sunday in the crash of a 4 engine bomber a mile south of Copeland Kans U S hands Canadians battled into the channel port of Boulogne An unconfirmed Algiers broadcast said Boulognes garrison already had surrendered The whole Netherlands front was developing into a potential VAST NEW TRAP for the enemy lower Rhine defenses Tiad been turned by the assault from the sky and the ground power drive of the British Allied war planes battered at a German rush of reinforcements into the Nether lands and other points along the front The Brilfsh drive enveloped Eindhoven and stabbed on 45 miles farther north joining men of the 1st allied airborne army at or near Nijmegen They perhaps were already linked up with the pocket of allied soldiers at Arn hem German resistance tightened considerably Heinrich Himmler was reported to have visited Ger man units in Holland urging stiffest resistance But the 2 al lied armies were steadily enlarg ing their stand blocking most of the roads to Rotterdam and Am sterdam The Paris radio said even the Utrecht line of retreat had been cut by allied landings from planes Berlin broadcasts acknowledged a retreat across the western Schelde Polish troops had burst more than 3 miles across the Hoist TRAINING PLANE CRASHES Fort Snmner N ond Lt Frank Beall Jr Ottumwa Iowa was killed Monday in the crash of his training plane Fort Sumner air field officials reported Americans Breach Gothic Line Along 6 Mile Front in Italy Rome troops breached the Gothic line along a 6 mile front north of Florence Wednesday and drove to within 3 miles of Firenzuola junction of 2 main highways leading north ward through the Apennine mountains One of the roads leads to Bo logna 25 miles due north of Fir enzuola and the other leads to Imola 25 miles northeast a town situated on via Emilia direct routs between Bologna and Rim ini on the Adriatic coast The U S 5th army troops made the gains after capturing 3 domi nant heights Mount Pratone Mount Altuzzo and Mount Monti celli ail about 20 airline miles northwest of Florence and all well within the German fortifications Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness with scattered thunder showers Wednesday night and early Thursday No important change in temperature Iowa Mostly cloudy Wednesday and Wednesday night with scat tered thundershowers extreme west portion Thursday partly cloudy and warmer Minnesota Mostly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday Occasional rain north and widely scattered showers south west portion Warmer north and central portions Wednesday night and in south portion Considerably cooler portion Thursday killing or capturing the last Ger man in the Baltic region before the first snows of winter The heaviest Russian attack in Latvia occurred southeast of Riga with Gen Ivan Bagramians forces smashing forward 25 miles on a 75mile front sending the Germans reeling back into the Latvian capital More than 2000 places fell in that area within 4 days The closest approach to Riga officially disclosed came with capture of Kekava on the west bank of the Daugava Dvina river 6 miles south of the city A soviet communique said the Ger mans there had orders not to re treat a single step but they lost more than 3000 men Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Thursday northwest afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 71 Minimum Tuesday night 58 At 8 a m Wednesday 59 Rain 05 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 30 Precipitation 39 Offer of Swell Job Nothing to Do Gets Variety of Replies Glasgow Monl I Help Wanted Night clerk Swell job nothing to do Boss does all the work good wages coffee served every 2 hours Nice soft chair to sit in all night Radio furnished Apply Glasgow hotel Among the answers to that ad in the Courier Hotelman Paul Campbell received these Why dont you take the job yourself Are lounging chairs over stuffed or just them plain hard ones you used to have in the lobby If you mean it and will pay in advance Im your man Will accept have every other night off and Sun days during the hunting season ALLIED THREATS TO SIEGFRIED show allied offensives along the borders of Germany where drives through Holland threatened to flank the Siegfried line shaded ;