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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 20, 1943, Mason City, Iowa C Q M DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION UiUll VOL XL1X ASSOCIATE PBESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 20 1943 THIS PAPEU CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 296 BAD06LIO TO ITALIANS FICHT NAZIS C L Reds 30 Miles From Smolensk MISS INHIGHGEARON 700 MILE LINE Marshall Warns Congress Mot to Dim Offensive Power Soviet Column Gains in Thrust Toward Kiev Ukraine Capital Moscow army troops under Genera Andrei Yeremenko hero of the battle Stalingrad through the gateway to Smolensk on the central Russian front over the weekend as the soviet advance shifted into high gear alt along the active 700mile battle line a Russian communi que announced Sunday night Victory guns boomed out in Moscow again as Russian troops drew nearer to Smolensk and Kiev 2 great German bastions on the Dnieper river In the north the red army moved to within 30 miles of Smolensk capturing Dukhov schina while another soviet ccJumn striking down the rail road from Nezhin was only 42 miles from Kiev capital of the Ukraine The Russian war bulletin indi cated that thered army was sweeping westward rapidly meet ing only lightly armed nazi rear guards as they captured village after village Huge stocks of food and munitions were falling into Russian hands but there was ht eortacr of tfae tmtpttgn The Smolensk area was appar ently afocal point of the present drive with General Yeremenko bearing down heavils from the northeast while another column under Gen Vassilly Sokolovsky pushed into Yartsevo on the left flank Smolensk major city on the approaches of IVhite Russia was one ot the 1st major Russians cities to fall in the initial German advance in 1911 and although it was reduced to a heap of rubble its radiating railroad lines to Poland and the Baltic states made it a ma jor German base of operations Roslavl to the south was also menaced by the red army which the soviet communique said stormed across the Desna river major tributary of the Dnieper to capture Dubrovka 32 miles to the southeast in an advance of 9 miles during which 100 villages were taken Other army units advancing westxvard from Bryansk took 300 towns including Trubchevsk in a drive of 12 miles the bulletin added Peck Buys Ideal American Laundry Becomes Manager Brings Family Here No Change Planned in Personnel at Plant Lloyd A Peck former general manager of the American Insti tute of Laundering and owner of a laundry and dry cleaning busi ness in Lafayette Ind announced Monday that he had purchased controlling interest in the Ideal American Laundry and Zoric Dry Cleaners in Mason City from M F Holahan Chicago Mr Peck has assumed active management of the plant he said but no change is planned in the personnel L J Cook will remain as plant superintendent andMrs Cook as office manager Mr Peck will retain his busi ness in Lafayette he said but has moved his family to Mason City and wiil establish his home here They are now occupying the LLOYD PECK former A L Rule home at Rock Glen The new manager is a Rotar ian and resigned as president of the Chamber of Commerce at Lafayette to move here He also was on the board of directors of the Lafayette Community Fund and chairman of the advisory board of the Salvation Army post there Born in Wisconsin Mr Peck vas reared in western Canada but ame to the University of Minne ota for his higher education ifter graduation he was engaged n railroad engineering for 2 ears before becoming a consult ing engineer for the American laundering in be became as manager of the institute He was general managci 01 the nstitute from 931 to 1938 after ic had supervised the design and onstruction of the institute which ras opened at Joliet 111 in 3930 irid was in charge of its staff of persons including the school IOWAN 78 KILLS SELF Waterloo Sidney Smith Monday listed as suicide the death of Henry Broadbent 8 who was found dead of a rifle bullet wound in the head Sunday in a closet at his home He had been in ill health Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued cool Mon day afternoon and Monda night warmer Tuesday fore noon Iowa Warmer west and centra portions Monday night Warme Tuesday 31 i n n c s o t a Warmer Mondav night and Tuesday forenoon Widely scattered showers wes and north portions Tuesday forenooi IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 55 Minimum Sunday night 30 a m Monday 37 Rain Sunday 39 in Frost was reported Mondn morning as the temperature reaching the lowest point of thi fall was sufficiently cold to freez ice on water standing outdoors YEAR AGO Maximum 59 Minimum 34 Frost The figures for Sunday GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Saturday 70 Minimum Saturday night 49 At 8 a m Sunday 49 IEAfi AGO Maximum 64 Minimum 48 Precipitation 13 in VOTE DEBATE ON Film PLAN Extend Time to Argue PostWar Resolution esearch ervice laboratories and field He resigned in 1938 to go into business in Lafayette The busi icss there is somewhat larger han the Mason City unit and employs approximately o per ions he said REPORT SALES share in the ShangriLa war stamp sale for Tuly was Swca City was econd with 51360 Kossuth coun ys total sales were 513463 Washington j A powerfu bipartisah house group fell into line behind the Fulbright postwar collaboration resolution Monday and demonstrated sufficient ap parent sstrength to pass it by a twothirds A 252 to23 bywhich time for debating the resolution was extended from 40 minutes to 4 hours provided the 1st measure of collaborationist power The opposition attempted in vain to limit debate hopeful that the members it denied an oppor tunity to discuss the measure would return it to the rules com mittee Time taken by the procedural row and by 2 quorum calls how ever made it likely that the house would defer a final vote until j Tnesday JAP DEFENSES IN PACIFIC ARE HIT BY ALLIES Pound Tarawa Nauru Islands Bougainville Installations Attacked By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American forces have struck new blows at Japanese defenses in the Pacific lashing out in con siderable strength at the enemy held equatorial islands of Tarawa and Nauru and continuing their pounding of air installations on Bougainville in the Solomons Mitchell bombers blasted the enemys Kahili and Ballale aii fields at the southern end of Bou gainville in 3 surprise night raids and a heavy force of dive bomb ers and torpedo planes returned to Ballale in a daylight attack as the campaign apparently designed to knock out Japanese defenses on the island moved into its 2nd week Mondays communique fror the headquarters of Gen Douglas MacArthur said the Americai airmen shot down 1C of 60 enemy interceptor planes This brougb to an even 100 the Japanesi planes destroyed on the ground and in the air over Bougainville the offensive began Sept since 11 Postponement of Draft Quotas Would Seriously Interfere With Program Washington if General ieorge C Marshall warned con iress Monday against dimming the power of great allied offen ives by forbidding the drafting of fathers are on the offensive oiv the cJiicf of staff said It would be unfortunate to du anything that would dim the power of that offensive ir We have undoubtedly very heavy fighting in front of us Testifying before the senate and house military committees on the Wheeler bill to postpone induc tion ot prePcarl Harbor fathers until Jan 1 Marshall apologized for expressing myself rather vig orously The general said that whether army quotas could he met with out drafting fathers ferjtcl was a question for the manpower people but he told Senator Austin that fail ure to obtain the quotas prob ably would force us to emasculate some of our units GKNKKAL MARSHALL naval carried IOWAN FATALLY HURT Jasper Tex E Hetzler technician 5th grade from AToultbn Iowa was fatally in jured in an accident Saturday when his motorcycle and a car collided Hetzler member of a mechanized cavalry regiment was participating in 3rd army mancu m the northern Gilbert group and on the west The as saults began Saturday night arid lasted well into the following day Although a communique issued by Admiral Chester W Nimitz commanderinchicf of the Pa cific fleet did not state the exact nature of the attacks it was pre sumed that they were made by carrierbased torpedo planes and divebombers such as raided Marcus island to the northwest icarly 3 weeks ago V The Tokyo radio in a broad ast recorded by the Associated Press quoted a Japanese com munique as saying that 200 allied lanes attacked the islands of Tarawa and Makin in the Gilbert roup over the weekend The broadcast said 20 of the raiders vere shot down MASON CITYAN AFTER Sgt Nor man Sampson ball turret gunner of Mason City and Staff Sgt Charles Fullem left waist gunner of Jer sey City N J are shown with some of their belongings they Salvaged when their plane the flying fortress Old Squaw badly damaged in the raid over Stuttgart Ger many on Sept 6 dived into the sea off the English channel to avoid crashing into an English city All members were rescued by the RAF airsea rescue service Sergeant Sampson is a brother of P L Sampson 422 Taylor avenue southwest and has 2 other brothers in the service One is Pvt Lloyd S Sampson now in Ireland and the other Pvt Tillman Sampson with the army ait corps at Las Vegas Nev Sergeant Sampson was employed by Jacob E Decker and Sons before IMS enlistment Aug 20 1942 Associated Pr4t Photo It would emasculale the lull end of our army and put us in a serious position IMarshall added V Even a postponement of such a draft by 3 months the chief of staff said would seriously inter fere with the armys program While youve got the other fel low on the run the more 30u do to cut him down before he re gains his balance the better it is Marshall testified Asserting that the American Report Fleet Steaming Up Aegean Sea London 9 An allied war leet was reported steaming up he Aegian sea off the const f Turkey Monday stirring new alk of an imminent lunge into he Balkans Italian refugees reaching Ttir ey reported the presence of the arge concentration of war ves sels and London morning newspa ers quoted them as saying that allied forces had occupied the is and of Castelrosso most south erly of the Dodecanese group 4 miles from the Turkisn coast and 90 miles east of Rhodes These refugee reports we inked in London with similar ac counts 4 days ago of allied occu pation of the islands of Samos Lero and Cos ill in the Dodeca nese north of Rhodes and with the reported departure of Brit ains 9th army from middle cast ases Rhodes itself largest island in the group was reported last week lo be under German control alter the nazis overcame the Italian garrison in several days of bloody fighting jjeak ui training and are poised fo aggiessne ovei the woild the chief of staff said he was puzzled by the reac tion at this time If seemed lo him Marshall sard that if congress stepped in to interrupt the flow of men through selective service all can do is reduce our program and change our strategy Certainly Marshall testified if you cut us now we suffer much greater loss than we an ticipate from the Germans and the Japs A possible compromise by which the drafting of lathers might be delayed 30 days while selective service reexamines physical ant occupational deferments was re ported under consideration bj member1 of the senate military committee Senator Bridges ffi N disclosed that some committee largely t matter of maintenance and replacement of casualties and other losses Our shipping can be urned to the deployment of our ground army for the 1st time in listory he said Marshall said it was necessary to keep sUmdby troops on hand in this country to meet the de mands from various theaters of MERCURY DROPS TO 27 AT ONAWA Heavy Frost Reported at Several Iowa Points Des Moines mercury dropped to 27 degrees at Onawa Sunday night lowest reading re corded in the state this month Heavy frost was reported at Esthcrville Charles City Mason City and Iowa Falls with light frost at Inwood Atlantic and DCS Moines members have been discussing the feasibility of offering such a pro posal as a substitute for a bill by Senator Wheeler D Mont which would postpone the induc tion of prewar fathers for the rest of the year I dont know whether any thing will be done about it nr not Bridges told a reporter but that miprht be acceptable to a number senators who dont want to vote to draft fath ers but still dont want o deny the army any men it needs While Bridges said he thought a resurvey of the deferment clas sifications might yield a sizable number of prospective inductees Senator Gurney R S an other committee member ex pressed doubt that many eligible men could be found tiiat way Gurney said he believed many fathers would like to have the is sue settled immediately prefer ring to take their chances of bein among the I in 12 family heads to be inducted before the end of the year to the uncertainty of not knowing when or if they arc going into the armed forces Marshall said that the army plans lo activate soon between 430 and 440 new battalions adding that 4 divisions now had only 1500 men each and needed an additional 14000 each The general added that 50000 special troops including engi neers mechanics and signal corps men were being shipped to Eng land this month along with GOO bomber crews These latter he said were not to increase the weight of bomber participation but to maintain the operation of bombers already there For the 1st time in history Marshall said trained men arc on hand for deployment on all of the fronts of the world arc just getting ready for our deployment he testified adding that operative personnel had been trained and placed thai the basic establishment These troops are all on demand for certain times and places he said We do not want to use hastily gathered people We had to do thai in the early part of the ir but thank God we do not have lo do that now As an example of Ihe large number ofspecially trainedtroops that are needed Maistiall said port occupation troops nowweie lcius moved into soon to move men info occupy the port of added that there was no lessening of the number of men needed to occupy Biezcrte The chief of staff said that 75000 additional inductees were needed mimthly to keep the armed forces nt par and to hring the army to the of 7700 000 by the nd of the year Citing losses in P e r s o n n e 1 through sickness and other causes Marshall said there is no way of estimating batllc casualties accur ately We dont jet know Ihe casual ties of Kiilerno he said We have been busy can come a little later Marshall told the committees that he was being pressed by Gen Dvviyht D Eisenhower G e n Douglas MacArlhur ami others for trained troops These units have to be created trained disciplined and prepared foroperations he snid It we dont do that now we cannot do it in time Marshall said lm demands for bomber crews had been heavier from England than cx licctcd and that rather than casualties put pilots out of action in the Mediterranean the ater Ho siresseil Ihe fact that many men arc bcins transferred lo and from the battle 7oncs V You cant conduct war all over the world and not consider the loss Tells His People Their Duty Is to Battle for Allies Allied Headquarters in North Africa Premier Marshal Pietro Badoglio told Italians in a broadcast that it was their abso lute duty to fight on the side of the British and Americans against the Germans and against the few senseless Italians no longer o such name who put themselves at their command The text of Badoglios plea which was made from the new Radio Italiain on Sept 16 was released for publication after it had been flown hero from the Italian mainland The speech thus ranged Badoslios leadership squarely against that of the former dicta tor Henito Mussolini who on Saturday was quoted by the German radio as having made a broadcast urging Italians to take up arms aain at the side of Germany and Japan Radio Italians was described as the new official radio of the Ital ian government in the text re leased through official allied mili tary channels The marshal who formed his government on July 25 immedia tely after Mussolini was thrown out of office told his people do not forget that all talk about un conditional surrender is out ot date and irrevclant to the changed conditions of today We have in tervened decisively against Ger many following on the aggressive attitude of the Germans We are cooperating side by side with the AngloAmericans who are now SOUTH SIDE OF NAPLES BAY IN YANK CONTROL accepting our assistance in the task of driving the Germans from the country Sardinia is Lost by Hitler as Italian Troops Take Action By UNITED PHESS German troops were falling back on Naples Monday before American and British invasion forces fanning inland from their Salerno bridgehead while allied assault planes raked long enemy columns winding over the clogged mountain roads Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers headquarters reported signs that the Germans might be starting a general retreat from the scene of their stinging defeat below Naples last week It was a black weekend for Adolf Hitler He lost Sardina big Italian island within easy striking distance of Rome and smith France And on the Rus sian front his planned retreat1 became a near debacle as the red army broke down the Kate to the Smolensk and closed against Kiev and llic biff bend of the Dnieper The allies were busy in the dip lomatic field also Winston Churchill got back to London after his longest absence during his tenure as prime min ister and prepared to give parlia ment and the world an accounting of ihe Quebec conference the Ital ian surrender and the air war American Ambassador William H an1 other sections of hi speech were the first public xvamOs trtat catlnr that the Italians probably will be accepted as f allfledged allies of the united nations in the campaign lo drive Ihe Ger mans out Italy Moreover the British and Americans our erstwhile com rades of the Piivc in Ihe first World war and VUtorio Vcneto did not hesitate to slate that their ultimate aim is the rebirlh of 1 strong and united Italy Bad ooglio continued and that they will not vilhdraw ijicir help from tis when the time comes to repair the havoc of war and to recon struct our future He urged Italians where out numbered to use terrible weapon of guerrilla warfare and gave them instructions lo escape the country cut communications blow up bridges and dumps attack isolated men and equipment And above all do not give up do not lose of men going and coming he said referring to their inaction while traveling rather than to per sonnel losses The pipeline must be kept filled irc now for the 1st time ready to make full use ot our ground forces Marshall said Do you wish to cut down on them Certainly you would not wish to cut down on the program of air development As an example of the necessity of a reserve ot welltrained troops Marshall said that the 1st division lo land in Salerno had never been t in battle before Originally a division of 15000 he testified it was cut down last fall to 9000 by diversions to other unils and it took 6 months to build it up again to strength j II would have been better he said if it had not been ripped to pieces On the need of troops Mar shall said there will be no compromise from the Japanese and the Germans A denial of quotas for the bal ance of the year he continued might make difficult the task of finding where to make the ad justments If it comes to emotions we in the war department dont hsve the right lo cmctions Marshall testified We have some 700000 Highest reading Sunday was 16 I was a joing concern and that at Burlington I now manpower had become fathers in the army now happens to Ihcm What The general reiterated previous assertions that men over 38 arc a burden C Badoglios declaration was both the 1st urging Italian sol diers and civilians lo attack Germans wherever they find them and the 1st urging his fol lowers to make war upon what ever Italian troops align them selves Mith the nazis His original proclamation of Sept 8 announcing the armistice called upon Italians merely to yield to invasion by the Americans and British and only to fight against attack from any other quarter Marshal Badoglio escaped from Rome a few hours before the Germans took over the city and made his way to allied territory by automobile and ship an American official who talked with the Italian chieftain disclosed Monday The American who cannot be more definitely identified for the moment said Badoglio gave this version of his escape After announcing the armis tice terms to the Italian people on Sept 8 Badoglio realized that the German troops around the capital planned to take it over and to take himself and King Vitinrio Emanuclc into custody f Badoglio and his military ad visers took a large number of gov ernment automobiles and made up a caravan in the early hours before dawn on Sept The car avan left Rome at 5 a m and sped to a port on the Italian coast There the entire party boarded an Italian ship and in broad day light sailed down the Italian coast and into allied occupied ter ritory The Germans apparently at no time were close to the Party The true story of the escape differed completely from the ver sion given out by the Germans who apparently thought Badoglio had fled toward Florence Standley was on his way from Moscow to Washington undoubt edly vrth a vcport on plans for the long hrrilded ver confer ence t laeur Gefi Mark W Claifcs oth army overran all the dominating heights on the Sorrento peninsula overlooking the gulf of Naples as the Germans fell back in appar ent abandonment of their posi tions below the city The naxi resistance dwindled definitely and the next question ivis where German Marshal Al bcrt Kcssclring would elect lo try a stand against the forces hirt slugged him groggy in the Salerno bailie As he Germans streamed north ward invader assault planes swarmed over the mountain roads blasting and gunning them At least WG of some 1800 trucks were destroyed or damaged Sun day The allied airmen had a free run ot the skies which were bar ren of nnzi challengers Sardinia fell into allied hands without the firing of a shot from an American or British gun Two Italian divisions on the island at tacked and routed the Germans then advised allied headquarters of their victory The Germans were believed to have fled to adjacent Corsica One London vcport said Italian troops on Corsica had joined French pa triots in fighting the nazis and credited the French with captur ing the west coast povt of Ajaccio Allies Control South Side of Naples Bay By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters In North Africa American 5th army has seized control of the south side of the Bay of Naples by capturing all the commanding heights of Sorrento peninsula al lied hcadtiuartcrs announced Mon day Already padlocked on the sea ward side by the occupation of the islands of Capri Ischia and Irocida on cither side of the hay Italys 2nd largest port thereby came under the gaze of allied soldiers across 12 miles of water and within range nf Long Tom artillery Easily within artillery range also were the Italian naval base of Castcllammare recently bom barded by the British navy and the key railway town of Torre Annunziata both in the lower el bow of the bay Smoking Vesu vius rose but 10 miles from the allied mountain positions While troops occupied the pen insula stretching 22 miles west of Salerno other parts of the 5th army slashed eastward and north ward from their Salerno beach head in the Montccorvino and Battipaglia sectors where the Ger mans apparently were making a fullscale retreat under a merci less air lashing reminiscent of the days when the British were try ing lo get out of Greece under Ihc blows of the nazi air force The British nth corps closing in from the Italian heel ;