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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 19, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 19, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOLU AjrecUtod United Prea full Leased Wlna give Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 19 1945 I nt Two JJQ ggg LORD HAW HAW GETS DEATH VERDICT A LABOR OFFICIAL MOVES TO GET DISPUTESOLVED Delegates Warren to Study Detroit Strike Situation Washington Secre tary B Schwellenbach armed with new authority c af riedout Wednesday bis promise to get right square in the mid dle of Detroitstroubled labor situation He delegated his newlyap pointed chlet of the U S concili ation service Edgar L Warren to study the Detroit strikes to de termine whether government in tervention is required Warren who flew to Washington from Chi cago Tuesday night also consid ered calling principals in the Michigan citys strikes and threat ened work stoppages to a labor management conference Schwellenbach became the gov ernments labor boss under the departments reorganization He held a presidential grant of broad new authority although Jew new deal with in dustrial disputes President Truman shifted the war labor board the U S em ploymentservice and the war manpower commission to the la bor department By that action he conferred all the authority inher ent in those agencies on Secretary Schwellenbach x Schwellenbach had presented his reorganization plan to Mr Truman Aug 10 Tuesdays white house action was attributed to the labor storms which appeared tobe gathering last weekend over De industry and troits automobile elsewhere The cabinet officer immediate ly appointed Edgar Ii Warrin chairman of the Chicago regional war labor boafS S conciliation service Schwellen bach plansr to strengthen and en large this adjunct of his depart ment Along with his news conference announcement of the labor der partment revamping Mr Truman also disclosed that he is folding up the office of economic stabili zation and turning over Director William H Davis duties to Recon version Director John W Snyder Davis himself had proposed this step but was taken by surprise at the timing Mr Truman and Schwellenbach both indicated to newsmen that a statement recently attributed to Davis had embarrassed the ad ministration Davis had been quoted as say ing the government was behind a program to increase wages 50 per cent while sitting on prices Davis took the position privately that the remark attributed to him was a misinterpretation of what he had said at a news seminar but he issued no public denial Pays Truman Tribute to Clyde Herring Des Moines the scores of tributes paid to the late Clyde L Herring former Iowa governor and U S senator was a message from President Truman expressing his personal grief The president and Mrs Truman also sent a flower spray which stood next to Herrings casket at funeral services Tuesday in the family home I have heard with deep per sonal grief of the sorrow which has been laid so heavily on you and the family the chief execu tive said in a telegram to Mrs Herring Clyde as you know was one of my closest colleagues in the work of the senate and a de voted personal friend To you and all who mourn with you I offer this assurance of heartfelt sympathy in which Mrs Truman joins me Herring only democrat to be elected both governor and sena tor by Iowa voters died in Wash ington Saturday of heart trouble MASON CITYANS ARRIVE IN N Y Three Mason named in an AP dispatch to arrive in New York Wednesday on the Queen Elizabeth are LeRoy W Axen route 1 Russell W Felix 924 Delaware N E and Sgt Raymond K Funk Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 2 B29s Have Gas Trouble on Flight Washington of the B29 Superfortresses flying non stopfrom Japan to Washington re ported to the war department at p m CWT Wednesday that they expected to land at Detroit because of gas shortage The plane commanded by Ma jor General Curtis E Lemay re ported however that it is ex pected to reach Washington A report from the planes said that they had been bucking head winds for 5 hours The Superfortresses had passed over Edmonton capitol of Alberta province Canada at a m The Superfortresses took off from the Japanese mainland be ginning at p m CWT Tuesday Lt Gen Barney M Giles com mander of the flight radioed ear lier from Nome Alaska that he expected to land in Washington at 6 p m Can see nothing from here that will stop us he said May have to squeeze out a couple of gas cells tanks to make it Giles added that the 3 planes flew individually from Japan to Nome but met for their first ren dezvous there atl minute inter vals v Atomic Bombardier Washington bombar dier who dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki is one of the crew members of the 3 B29s flying nonstop from Japan to Washing ton Wednesday The army air force identified him as Captain Hermit K Beahau Houston Tex and said he is returning to this country for another assignment The atomic bomfa he loosed on Nagasaki Aug 9 was the only bomb he dropped in combat The giant bombers were stripped 01 theintfor the terrific gas Joallind also to provide for the slightly oversized crews Each plane had 2 men aboard topermit a rotation of duties during the long flight The army apparently was not attempting an official nonstop airline distance record Aviation records list as the longest airline distance flight a 2 plane British hop of 7158 miles from Ismailia Egypt ito Darwin Australia in November 1938 A B29 previously had flown nonstop from Iwo Jima to Spo 23 hours and 33 minutes Twice the big bombers have covered nonstop the 4875 miles from Hawaii to Washington Ask Quick Elections for Greece London governments of Britain the United States and France issued a joint statement Wednesday expressing the firm opinion that elections for a pro visionary assembly in Greece should be held as soon as pos sible The 3 allied powers said they had held consultations on all subjects concerning Greece with the Greek regent Archbishop Damaskinps during the Big 5 for eign ministers conference here and they held out the hppe that elections could be held before the end of the year The 3 governments have agreed it was disclosed to send observers to Greece to watch the elections Prison Gamp at Algona to Be Closed telegram received here gives a war department re port that the prisoner of war camp is to be entirely vacated be tween Dec 1 and midFebruary The camp with installations cost When declared surplus it will be turned over to the sur plus property board Nothing is yet known here as to whether prisoners and officers are to be transferred to other camps whether prisoners are to be sent back to Germany or what dis position is to be made in the al lotted time Nomination of Burton Is Approved Washington The senate Wednesday unanimously c o n firmed the appointment of Sen Harold H Burton Ohio republi can to be a supreme court justice On the motion of Chairman Me Carran D Nev of the judiciary committee the senate suspended its rules to approve the nomina tion less than 24 hours after it was sent to the senate President Truman sent 3 major nominations to the senate They are I Senator Harold R Burton Ohio republicanas associate jos ticie of the supreme court He sue 2 Robert P Patterson present undersecretary as secretary of war He succeeds Henry Jv Stim son resigned 3 WStuart Symington as sur plus property administrator He takes over from a 3 man board which he formerly headed Congressional republicans and democrats alike got a lift out of Mr Trumans unexpected choice of Burton for the supreme court for slightly different reas ons Republicans liked the selection of their 57 year old senate col league because they regard him as a highly qualified lawyer and be cause he is one of them Democrats chuckled at the po litical strategy of the president Some said he was influenced by his choice by Robert E Hanne gan democratic national chair man Burtons exit from the senate will give Gov Frank J Lausche of Ohio a democrat a chance to appoint one of his party members m that doubtful state That would up the democrats in the senate to 56 cut the republicans to 39 with 1 progressive Mr Trumans choice of the 54 year old Patterson as secretary of war brought praise and criticism from both sides Some democrats grumbled that he is a republican Some republicans replied that he isnt in their fold Senator Taft of Ohio chairman ot the minority steering commit tee said the administration need not claim it is continuing the bi partisan flavor President Roose velt tried to introduce by adding Stimson and the late Frank Knox to his cabinet ASSEMBLY LINE STANDS STILLThe assemWy HnTat the Ford Motor Co Detroit Mich stands idle after the plant was closed because of a shortage of parts This was the main assembly line at the huge factory AP wirephoto as WHAT SUPERFORTS LEFT OF NAGOYA AIRCRAFT PLANT The OPAIs Ready to Tighten Price Control Washington govern ment set up some peacetime bar riers against inflation Wednesday after knocking down some war time barriers to a free economy OPA prepared to limit rigidly the costs entering into newhome opens up Octo ber it cannot pat a J ia theifinalpriceol the IThese Developments markedthe further march of in business and government OPA told ihally and wartime in creases in manufacturing costs are not to be passed on to the public in the form of higher prices for new washers refrigerators and similar longawaited products 2 To speed the sale of vast war surpluses President Truman signed a bill creating a single ad ministrator of the surplus prop erty board 3 Another war ol fice of economic was killed off 1 The Brookings institution held that a powerful movement for higher wage thegreat est potential inflation force 5 Builders estimated that 500 000 new homes would be started nextyear with building climb mg to 1000000 houses annually1 by 1948 Price Administrator Chester Bowlesreportedly was ready to announce stricter price controls on lumber hardware plumbing and other building materials His plan is to impose dollars andcents ceilings which would be uniform in every city just as are OPAs ceilings on grocery store items Contractors charges for rooflaying and other building servicesalso would be tightened For people who want to buy new houses this leaves 2 notable gaps in price controls The price of the lot and the price of the completed dwelling However construction of an unprecedented number of low cost dwellings for lowincome famines was predicted by Jos eph E Merrion president of the National Association of Home Builders Mrs MacArthur Joins Husband in Tokyo Tokyo Dougl3S Mac Arthur wife of the supreme al lied occupation commander ar rived in Tokyo Wednesday She will join her husband at his resi dence in the American embassy Mrs MacArthur and their son accompanied the general oij his trip from Bataan to Australia in the dark days of 1942 and rejoined him in Manila following the lib eration of the Philippines capital last year Battleship Missouri Is Nimitz Flagship Pearl Harbor navy announced Wednesday that the battleship U S S Missouri has been Fleet officially designated as Adm Chester W Nimitz flagship Adm William F Hal seys flagship will be the South Dakota Strikes in Oil Industry Appear to Gain Strength flo THI n By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS New York stoppages closed down 2more oil refineries in the Chicago area Wednesday as labor continued itsstep by step strike campaign to enforce its demands for a 30 per cent wage increase in the industry j r In simultaneous strikes called by the CIO oil workers interna tional onion more than 1800 workers of the Sinclair Refining Charles City Man Returns Froin Japan Washington sur their jobs at m nvea1 here Tuesday with Already idle across the coun try as the result of strikes and layoffs were more than 200000 other workers 6 A Knight president of the oil workers dicted the oil strikes wouldex tend to the entire industry Local union spokesmen said they3 re garded the closing of the Sinclair plant as the signal forthe shut down of all Sinclairs Bulk sta tions and pipelines across the country More than 1000other oil work ers in plants in EastChicago have gone on strike since Monday about 500 were out in Detroit and 400 in Toledo Ohio Continuance of the strike threatened to cut steel production in the btemills in the Chicago and Gary Ind area with one com pany reporting it had already shifted from fuel oil to tar to carry on production No hew developments were re poriedin the labor situation in the Detroit area where some 80000 workers remained idle by strikes and layoffs The CIO united auto mobile workers declared the union plans to go ahead with its strike vote in some automobile plants if wage increases of 30 per cent were not given Likewise there was no change in the situation in another of the countrys topranking labor con troversies at the Westinghouse Electric corporation plants in 6 states The 10day old stoppage has idled more than 37000 work ers aftera strike by the com panys salaried workers over a wage dispute The dispute in the oil industry however was fast spreading and thousands of workers were ready to leave their jobs in refineries with additional thousands to fol low The strikes hit the Texas area with 5000 employes of the Texas Co refinery at Port Arthur prepared to go off their jobs while the Pnre Oil company refinery at Nederland Tex employing 800 was shutting down Before the weeks end a union official predicted all major re fineries in areas around Houston Corpus Christ and Beaumont Tex would be closed Voting was underway at Houston on a pro posed strike at seven large oil re fineries and allied industries Union officials ndustries have issued strike mobilization order to mid west refining plants involving an estimated 30000 workers A strike vote they said would cripple re fining operations in Indiana Il linois Ohio Michigan Wisconsin and Kentucky 5 KILLED AFTER BOMBING Canberra Australia Ed ward Ward external territories minister said Wednesday that Japanese executed 5 Europeans on Nauru on the night after the first bombing of that island by Ameri cans March 26 1943 evidence of Japanese brutality Momherg was the only man in tne group who was not on the Houston when it was torpedoed He had been captured at Corre gidor after serving as chief yeo man there to Capt Kenneth Hoef fel Green Bay WIs naval com mandant of the island fortress Momberg andHoeffel were liberated at Mukden Manchuria Two lowans were among the Houston survivors arriving Tues day They were Walter Schneck musician of Waterloo and El mer L McFadden gunners mate of Washington The survivors all of whom looked to be in fairly good health told how they had worked as vir tual slave laborers and had been beaten and starved Ship Carrying Freed Prisoners Hit by Mine Pearl Harbor trans port USS Olbert carrying former prisoners of war from Dairen to Okinawa was struck by a float ing Japanese mine recently 100 miles east of the American is land base the navy announced Wednesday One man was reported missing and 2 were injured The ship is being towed into Okinawa New List of Nip Criminals Is Due Soon Tokyo MacAr ihurs headquarters announced Wednesday it would issue soon a new and lengthy list of sus pected Japanese war criminals while reliable Japanese sources predicted an imminent purge of reactionary elements in the cabi net of Premier HigashiKuni Premier Prince HigashiKunl himself in a press conference Tuesday told allied correspon dents that his government intend ed to determine responsibility for starting the war and try its own accused provided General Mac Arthur approved The prince did not elaborate however and there was no word from MacArthurs headquarters on whether the Japanese would be permitted to punish their own criminals Demonstrating its resolve to keep a firm grip on the conquered Japanese headquarters suspended for 1 day a second Tokyo news paper The English Nippon Times Language The paper was ordered 30 min utes before press time to with hold the publication of its Thurs day morning edition not because of objectionable material but be cause its editors had failed to submit tor American censorship a printers proof of an editorial on the recent change of foreign min isters On Tuesday the big Japanese language paper Asahi was or dered to skip publication for 2 days for printing inflammatory articles The sources who spoke of im pending cabinet resignations said Vice Premier Prince Fumimaro Konoye probably would lead the list He is a minister without port folio Two other cabinet members without portfolio who may step down at the same time the sources said are Lt Gen Toshishirb Oa bata and Taketora Ogata The latter who also is qhief cabinet s named ib ragoh society but it was understood American au thorities who taken ho action against Jum in order to give the Japanese government time to prove its contention that he was not a member The Japanese predicting the cabinet resignations said a wide gap existed between Premier Prince HigashiKuni and the 3 they expected to leave the gov ernment They described HigashiKuni as personally interested in the gradual democratization of Japan both as a reform step and in com pliance with the wishes of Gen eral MacArthur and said Konoye and the others had opposed the premiers attempts to smooth re lations between the Japanese and American governments The cabinet has been criticized by the Japanese press for delay in solving pressing problems such as food and housing shortages and increasing unemployment Iowa Ship Finished Los Angeles Ca The U S S Council Bluffs Victory named for Council Bluffs Iowa was completed Tuesday the last ship built by the California Ship building Corporation at the Wil mington shipyards John A Mc Cone the companys president hammered in the last rivet on the ship which is to be launched Sept 27 Reveal 26000 Persons Died at Belsen Nazi Prison Camp British Officer Tells of Atrocities at Concentration Camp lueneburg Germany least 26000 persons died horribly at the Belsen concentration camp the number probably was much greater and the minds of many survivors were impaired a court trying 45 of their nazi oppressors was told Wednesday An affidavit by Lt Col James A Johnson a British medical of ficer sketched the magnitude of the atrocities at Belsen Josef Kramer nazi commander at the camp scribbled notes as the damning evidence against him and his colleagues was read A dense mass of miserable starved apathetic scarecrows was the way Johnson described the survivors at Belsen when the British second army overran the camp in northwest Germany He said that although 26000 were known to have died the rec ords were destroyed and there were proiiably many more He added that the mental faculties of a very large number will be impaired by being in this camp Johnson labeled the treatment of the Belsen inmates mass mur der The British military court hear JOSEF KRAMER of Belsen ing the trial ordered the reference stricken from the record evidently on grounds that it purported to prejudge the case JOYCE IS SENT TO GALLOWS IN mm TRIAL British Court He Owed Allegiance Under Passport Role London OJRWilliam Lord Haw Joyce was convicted treason against Britain in indictment Old Bailey Wednesday and MB tenced to death on the gallows A British jury took only minutes to find Joyce gailty on the third count of charging him wit uazi propaganda while Britain and Germany were locked In m death struggle Counsel for Joyce announced as soon as the conviction and death sentence were brought in that they would appeal the case The verdict brought to a grim climax thecareer of Joyce who during the war cluttered the air waves with tales of nazi might and sarcastic belittling of Britains chance to survive the struggle Joyce stood quietly while the trial was thus ending with dra matic suddenn to death sentence When he walked away toward he gave appeared to be the nazi salute to friends in the courtroom When the result of the trial was heard outside bombscarred Old Bailey a waiting crowd of txmdon ers raised a cheer The convicted mans brother Edwin Joyce a British government worker made the sign of the when the sentence of death was passed and after the prisoner left the courtroom he knelt ih silent prayer Sir Frederick Tucker had ruled Wednesday that Wil Joyce owed allegumjje to rcatt the treason trial pf the nji tonous Lord HawHaw who broad cast propaganda for the nazis dur ing the war fhat passport regardless ot his citizenship made him liable to the crown blasted the main DTOD from under Ms defense against charges that he committed high treason in serving the naiis Both the prosecution and the defense had rested their cases Ihey have revolved chiefly around the question of whether Joyces one time American citizenship could be a loophole for escape from British justice Justice Tucker resolved the dis pute with the ruling that he owed allegiance to the country he de rided in nazi broadcasts while Germany and Britain were locked in a life and death struggle The defense had based its ef forts to save the broadcaster of nazi propaganda from the death penalty on the contention that ho was an American and hence not subject to British jurisdiction G O Slade chief defense coun sel told Justice Sir Frederick Tucker that the no right to try a citizen of another country on such a charge and asked that the case be thrown out of court The positions of opposing coun sel left it up to Tucker to rule upon the question of whether using a British passport made Joyce liable to prosecution Two counts of the indictment against Joyce which were dropped Tuesday were restored Wednes day when the prosecution moved to have him reclassified as a Brit ish subject instead of merely a person owing allegiance to the British crown Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and much cooler Wednesday night with diminishing winds Thurs day partly cloudy and continued cool Iowa Mostly cloudy with showers and thunderstorms in east Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy Cooler Wednes day night and Thursday and in west and north central portions Wednesday Moderately strong winds Wednesday Minnesota Partly cloudy south and cloudy with occasional light showers north portion Wednes day night and Thursday cooler northwest and much cooler south and east portions Wednes day night continued cool Thurs day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday At 8 a m Wednesday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 79 61 62 18 ga go 44 ;