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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOU Aaociated frea tut United Prta run Leased Wins Five Cents a Ccpy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER It IHt Tbla of Two NO HALL Sees Woman Head Shaved Being Paraded By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 19 Kennes France Air Mail Spe cunning for which German generals used to berfamous failed to reveal it self when the nazis took hasty exit from this city of 100000 hotly pursued by Gen Pattoc Their demo squadron blew up a half dozen bridges over the river Cvhich cuts down the center oi the town causing extensive dam age to business houses andpub lic buildings this is where the stu pidity comes failed destroy one blockwide platform which bridges the stream in fron of the principal government struc ture As a result P a 11 o n and his forces zoomed through Renne much as a freight train speeds b a railroad siding in the open country Tonight Ive been mixing with native French people on the street and in cafes Im discover ing a deeper hatred toward the nazis than I observed in Cher bourg or indeed on the Cher bourg peninsula Within an hour of our arrival late in the afternoon our party saw a woman with head shaved being inarched past our hotel ahead of a taunting crowd Col laborationist and Traitor were names heard above the tumult Later in the evening just be fore my lambchop dinner but no coffee I saw the performance re peated This time the victim was a woman who operated a cafe at the beginning of the war She had given haven to a nazi spy it was claimed The spirit of Free France has with too great a vengeance The scenes are at least mildly reminiscent of Bas tille day we motored across the Cher bourg peninsula this forenoon from the the one village after another which had been in the war news a few short weeks ago Some of the towns had been re ducedto rubble others scarcely touched by guns and bombs kept wondering if the dwellers in these latter fully appreciated how fortunate they were Most interesting perhaps of the battle scenes visited was Avranches This little citylike St L6 had changed hands 3 times The destruction was almost but not quite as great as in the Nor mandy town observed Donald Dull a London war correspondent in our party are going to say that it was here that the success of the liberation campaign was insured As we rounded a curve and started down an almost moun tainous decline outside of Avranches we looked down npou the sea and beheld the famed and picturesque Notre Dame cathedral SKY TROOPS AIM AT NORTH LIKE CRUSH VIOLENT ATTACKS MADE BY NAZI FORCES Russians Prepare for Assault on Germans All Along East Front Moscow mounting Russian offensive in the region oi Jelgava 25 miles southwest of the Latvian capital of Riga has smothered violent terattacks marked by reckless use of large numbers of nazi tanks and selfpropelled guns front dispatches said Monday Berlin broadcasts declared the Russians had advanced to within 14 miles of Riga in a 3 day of fensive The drive was aimed at crushing 2 German armies in Latvia and Estonia estimated at 200000 men Moscow reports said the red army was scouting out consoli dating and building up the last phase of preparations for the coming assault on every naziheld position on the eastern front The sovietsponsored free Ger many committee in a broadcast What Is Jap Navy Doing Its Waiting By UNITED PRESS The question every navy man has been wondering about What is the Japanese navy doing was answered Monday by Sadao Igughi spokesman for the im perial board of information in one word Waiting The Japanese combined fleet is waiting for the right moment to make its appearance Igughi said in a broadcast over Tokyo radio recorded by United Press at San Francisco When this moment comes the Japanese navy will strike a decisive blow on the enemy recorded by called upon federal German monitors troops in Estonia and Latvia to lay down their arms or turn them against the nazi SS units who might at tempt to force them to continue the The Russian war bulletin did not mention the battle for War saw where Polish and red army troops were last reported prob ing for bridgeheads across the Vistula river from the eastern suburb of Praga Gen SOTS com munique said his patriot units in Warsaw had been receiving sup plies from soviet planes since Sept 13 Capture of more localities in the drive on TarguMures German Hungarian stronghold in Transyl vania was disclosed by the soviet station 18 miles to the northeast fell to red army units Another soviet column was only 6 miles east of TarguMures Heavy air attacks on key rail points accompanied the red armys manysided drive on Hungary with SatuMare 80 miles north island This spot has escaped un on St Michel we are told scathed All along the road natives lined the pavement smiling waving and saluting Children even those scarcely big enough to walk would raise 2 fingers in victory token Americans have really won a place in French hearts As we approached Rennes chil dren began to appear on the road sides witheggs in to sell not throw And the only stop we made in our 125 mile trip was for the purpose of letting our London colleague purchase a half dozen of the henfruit They were tenderly packed and will be tak en back to England at the conclu sion of his mission in France Thats how very precious they are Tomorrow Im scheduled to start in the early morning on the final leg of my Jaunt into Paris It will be a brief stay there then a return to I hope the buzz bombs have quit falling Ive actually had a feeling of se curity during my week on the continent where the war is being fought west of Cluj and Csap 50 miles northwest of Sat uMare the prime objectives A dispatch from Associated Press Correspondent Joseph Mor ton in Ban said German forces fighting then way from Bulgaria across northeastern Yugoslavia in an attempt to flee from Yugoslav partisans had recaptured Negotin near the Danube 6 miles inside Yugoslavia Radio France at Algiers re layed reports from Istanbul which said the red army had crossed the GreekBulgarian frontier and was advancing toward Salonika Greek port on the Aegean sea The broadcast was reported by the Although Germanys defeat is sight millions of Russian youths are well prepared for war due to the intensification of the universal military training pro gram begun 3 years ago on order Marshal Stalin it was dis closed The communist party official newspaper Pravda declared in an editorial echoed by the entire so viet press that thered army must be reinforced with more and more reserves to win ultimate and com plete victory DEWEY TO GIVE LABOR VIEWS Major Address Is Scheduled in Seattle Enroute to Seattle With Dewey 10 days of political reconnaissance Gov Thomas E Dewey prepared Monday fora 3rd major attack Monday night on the new deal directed at the disputed democratic hold on the powerful labor vote Traveling overnight to Seattle from Spokane where he spent Sunday as a day of rest the re publican presidential nominee re worked for the last time a speech Paul Loekwood his secretary said would set forth plainly the measures which need to be taken to restore free collective bargain ing and to correct the existing situation in which labors rights are made subject to political favoritism For 10 days since he spoke in Louisville Ky the New York governor has been more of an in formation scout than a candidtae Traveling across the continent he has devoted hours at each stop to pumping local leaders for their ideas Monday night speaking in Seat tles auditorium iat p hicentral Dewey is expected in Lockwoods words to analyze the position in which American labor finds itself today under the system of overlapping regulations which has been built up by the Washington bureaucra cy The GOP nominee laid the groundwork for this special labor talk in his opening campaign speech in Philadelphia Sept 7 MARINES MAKE PROGRESS WITH PELELIU DRIVE Yanks Destroy Own Air Base as Japs Advance in China By LEONARD M1LUMAN Associated Press War Editor Veteran marines were reported making completely satisfactory progress against ridgeentrenched Japanese on Peleliu Monday in the toughest battle of 3 recent is land invasions by Philippines bound American forces Six miles to the south the armys 81st wildcat division overran the northeastern corner of Ang aur southernmost of the Palau is lands where it landed Sunday Manila time in its first action of the war Tiny U S planes were already operating from the 3rd is when he credited his party with blazing the trail with passage of the railway labor act of 1926 to what he said were the fundamen tal rights of labor to organize and to bargain collectively He referred also in that speech on the bureaucracies which are attempting to regulate every de tail of the lives of bur people Before his speech Monday night Dewey scheduled conferences with political and other organi zation leaders He was accompan ied to Seattle by Gov Arthur B Langlie of Washington land about 500 miles southwest Even as engineers were con verting enemy airfields to spear head the Pacific advance from these islands other Yanks were destroying one of their own mo jor air bases in China in the face of a roiling Nipponese offensive toward Kweilin Chinese reverses which have forced Americans to abandon at least 3 Oriental airfields in recent months are generally attributed to ineptness and confusion of com mand lack of integrated commu nications and many other defic said Associated Press Correspondent Clyde A Farns worth in a dispatch passed by the recently relaxed Chinese censor ship Chungking has issued qrT ders which have indicated a dis regard or lack of knowledge of field situations Farnsworth cited the lossof an aripy iii a facesaving attempt to in fantry attacks and failure to fol low up American strafing and bombing attacks The Japanese are only 50 miles from Kweilin and 110 miles from completing their task of cutting China in two Lungling the missing link in the LedoBurma road lo restore land communications to China was retaken by the Chinese but Japanese still hold strongpoints on either side of it ALLIES LANDING MORE MEN IN DUTCH THRUST 20000 Nazis Surrender En Masse in MidFrance Pocket Below Loire BULLETIN Supreme Headquarters AEF by skytrafns to taling 285 miles in length the al lied first airborne army in Hol land was making excellent prog ress Monday and Hearing a junc tion with the British 2nd army after achieving Us first objectives AIRBORNE ARMY FLANKS SIEGFRIED transports dropped Maj Gen Lewis H Breretons airborne army into Holland in the first appearance of such an army in the war Photo shows American airborne forces entering the transport which dropped thetn into Holland BULLETIN London Paris radio asserted Monday night that allied airborne troops have occupied Til burg Nijmegen and Eindoven in points at which the Germans said the troops bad landed Destroy 27 Nazi Fighters Trying to Halt Air Armada Will Request State Retake Camp Podge MOB STORMS TRIAL IN ROME Lynch Man Alleged to Have Favored Nazis Sharp strategic coral ridges forming the core to the well planned Japanese defense of Pel el iu were captured by marine vet erans of Guadalcanal after a se ries of Japanese counterattacks were repulsed and 15 enemy tanks knocked out at American them out cost of one tank But cleaning spokesman said will Says Husband Argued in Foreign Language Missonla Bullari sought a divorce charg mental cruelty She said that in arguing her husband always switched to a foreign and she couldnt stand not know ing what he said DESTROYED BY FIRE Clarinda Ira Sham baugh mills and 2 grain elevators holding 5000 bushels of wheat were destroyed in a fire here Sunday The cause was undeter mined Shambaugh who said the fire started on the 2nd floor es timated damage at The mill had been in operation 45 years CONVENTION OF LEGION OPENS Chicago by the 2 vice presidential candidates and the presentation of the organ izations distinguished service medal to Gen Henry H Arnold commander of the army air forces highlight the opening sessions of the 26th annual convention of the American Legion Monday Sen Harry S Truman Presi dent Roosevelts running mate addressed the 1780 delegates at II a m CWT followed at 1 p m by a speech by Gov John W Bricker of Ohio the republican vice presidential nominee Warren Alherton national com mander of the Legion presented the distinguished service award to Gen Arnold and the latters ac ceptance speech was carried over a national radio hookup Also on Mondays agenda is a memorial service for the late Brig Gen Theodore Roosevelt son of the former president who died in Normandy shortly after the invasion of France Marshall Field publisher of the Chicago Sun and a member of the Le gions originalv organizing com mittee will give the principal ad dress at the service Rome UR More than 7000 Romans stormed the first great trial of fascist criminals Monday seized an assistant director of the Regina Coelo prison mauled beat and stamped him nearly lifeless and then threw him into the Tiber river and kept his head under water until he drowned Donato Carreta was the man lynched but the mob was after Pietro Caruso pronazi chief of the Rome police and defendant at the trial which never got under way Late Monday the mob still was surging around tire Regina Coeli prison attempting to break into it and drag out Caruso whom they believed was still there Carretas body was hauled from the Tiber and hung from one of the bars of the Regina Coeli prison Caruso terrorized Rome during the nazi occupation be a slow painful process i The capture of each ridge is an uphill fight for marine men battling through merciless heat against Nipponese dug into the coral and well supported by artillery and mortars Nevertheless AVar Correspon dent Vern Haugland forecast the conquest of the narrow 6 miles long island and its 8000 defenders would be completed in a few days because so many Americans are being put ashore that someone has to get off And Marine Brig Gen O C Smith commented Theyll never get us off In his first report on casualties Adm Chester W Nimltz an nounced 1400 Japs were killed on Peleliu This is nearly as large as the estimated garrison on Angaur a heavily wooded lowlying rugged island of 3 square miles Japanese broadcasts of this I3th anniversary of the Manchuria in cident which started Japan on its Pacific aggression conceded that V S aircraft dominate both flanks of the dwindling empire The Nipponese estimated 3600 American planes are now based in China With the enemy gradually drawing nearer our vital inner de fense line a Tokyo naval com mentator asked will it be possi ble for Japan to replenish its air force before the enemy task force makes its appearance Charles H GrSid said Monti ay would recommend tovthe state in terim committee after an inspec tion of Camp Dodge Tuesday that the state takehack the camp in its present condition from the federal government and thereby gain about worth of improve ments on the grounds The general said that as the state adjutant general he had au thority to accept return of the property but that he wanted the interim committee to know the condition oi the camp in case it might become necessary to ask legislature for funds in addition to the adjutant generals regular ap propriation for remodeling and renovatingof the property Gen Grahl said however that he thought the regular appropri ation would cover any work neces sary at the camp The interim committee allocates funds be tween regular sessions of the leg islature If the interim committee thinks the state should take back the camp as it Is that will be done Gen Grahl said The states con tract with the government provid ed that the state could could take back the camp as it is or let the federal government restore it to its original condition By taking backthe camp as it is the state would gain the title to several buildings constructed by the war department during the last 2 years while it was usedas an in duction center It was discontin ued as an induction center July I Among the buildings which would become state property are the finance building 3 mess halls theater fire department head quarters several barracks cafe Germans were intercepted Ulaastrfcht area and en London great armada of bombers and transport planes fed supplies Monday to the allied airborne army which invaded vertically and destroyed 27 of 60 German fighters which tried to interfere Two Mustang fighters were lost as the 27 Messerschmitts and FockeWulfs fell to destruction Around 250 Liberators and hun dreds of C47 transports and glid ers participated in resupplying Lt Gen Lewis H Breretons first allied air bqrne army to the gaged in a series of dogfights in which allied fighters kept the en emy away from unarmored and highly vulnerable cargo planes At the same time other Fly ing Fortresses with escorting Mustangs flew all the way across Germany and dropped needed supplies to patriots fighting in Warsaw The Forts flew on to Rus sian bases but the fighters wheeled over Warsaw and flew all the way back to England in one of the longest roundtrip fight er flights in the history of avia tion The first reports indicated that not missing Western Front 315 Miles From Berlin By The Associated Press The road to Berlin front 315 miles from front 312 miles from outside front 581 miles from 2 miles below BULLETIN With U S Airborne Forces in Holland Sept Germans fleeing from the allied airborne invasion in Hol land Sunday night have evacu ated at least 13 Dutch hamlets and villages Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy a single Mustang was Rocket Propelled Nazi Fighter Is Encountered With the U S 3rd Army France luftwaffes new mystery plane a rocketpro pelled fighter capable of amazing speed has been thrown into ac tion on the western front flyers of the American 19th attack com mand disclosed Monday Bomber crews revealed they encountered the new ship described as a Messerschmitti63 during recent raiding missions The plane was said to resemble a flying bat wing Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness Monday night followed by thundershowers late Monday night and Tuesday Cooler Tuesday Fresh to occasionally strong winds Iowa Clear and warmer followed by thundershowers over west portion Monday night extend ing over remainder of state Tuesday Cooler west portion Tuesday Fresh to occasionally strong winds Minnesota Occasional thunder showers Monday night and in south and east portions Tues day Cooler north and west por tion and Fresh winds Monday night and south east portions Tuesday BULLETIN In Germany Sept p m the bitterest fighting since DDay American troops Monday smashed strong and repeated Ger man counterattacks supported by far heavier artillery and air ac tion than ever was met in France or Belgium London continuous stream of skyborne reinforce ments and supplies was reported flowing into Holland Monday and supreme headquarters announced thatthe aliied air army had t won round No iiqthe battle to lay open the fiat lands of north ern Germany for an INVASION AROUND the Siegfried line Lt Gen Miles C Dempseys British 2nd army plunged forward from its bridgeheads across the ScheldeMeuse canal Its coordi nated offensive aimed at linking up with bridgeheads established by the air 7th allied army thrown into the battle of the western front A BBC front report said the 2nd army had brokenclean through the tough crust in a 7 mile advance inside Holland reaching a point only 5 miles from Eindhoven where some of the air army was reported to have land ed Spearheads to occasionally strong Another Admiral Is Lost by Nipponese New Domei York news agency Japanese disclosed Monday that the navy had lost another admiral A Tokyo broad cast announced that Emperor Hirohito had posthumously awarded Admiral Shiro Takasu the imperial order of the golden kite 2nd class and a set of sil ver cups but did not disclose the circumstance of his death The broadcast was recorded by the F C C S O building and the hostess house on which the gov ernment spent a considerable sum for remodeling and enlarging Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 86 Minimum Sunday night 63 At B a m Monday 64 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum 43 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 82 Minimum Saturday night 53 At 8 a m Sunday 65 YEAR AGO Maximum 57 Minimum 31 of the 1st U S Titos Forces Capture Son of Mikhailovitch By UNITED PRESS The Yugoslav partisan radio said Monday that Marshal Josip Titos troops have captured the son of his rival guerrilla chief Draja Mikhailovitch Mikhailo vitchs son was said to have been taken when the partisans liber ated Valjevo in western Serbia The youth was living there under German protection according to the broadcast which was recorded by FFC monitors Henry Ford Will Raise Wages as Soon as US Permits Me Detroit Fords an nouncement that he would raise wages in his factories as soon as the government will permit me attracted wide attention over the weekend Ford made the statement only a day after 2 war labor board panels had presented findings to the WLB which are expected to exert influence on all decisions whether to relax the Little Steel wage formula Asserting that every man should make enough money to own a home a piece of land and a car the niotor magnate said he would like to raise the pay of all Ford workers despite the fact that their wages already are high er than those of the rest of the industry As long as I live I want to pay the highest wages in the automobile business army which had pierced the Sieg fried line below encircled Aachen held on grimly lo their positions 20 to 25 miles from the Rhine city of Cologne turning back waves cf HOARSELY SCREAM ING GERMANS making shoulder to shoulder psychological at tacks Twenty thousand more Ger mans surrendered en masse in a midFrance pocket below the Loire Lt Gen George S Patlons 3rd army along the Moselle in eastern France hammered eastward into the Vosges from Nancy and north ward behind the fortresscity of Metz after throwing back repeat ed German counterattacks The 7th army from the Medi terranean threw the Germans out of Lure 17 miles due west of Belfort in the gap leading to the upper Rhine frontier of Germany and were slugging their way north of Pont de Roide toward Mpntbelard down the last 15 miles to Belfort from the south The Paris radio said without con firmation that the 7th army had entered Belfort 30 miles from the Rhine Below Switzerland Lt Gen Alexander M Patchs 7th army drove northeast 11 miles from captured Modane at the entrance to the Mt Cenis tunnel into Italy and reached LansleBourg less than 5 miles from the Italian bor der Announcing only that the air borne landings in Holland were going well Gen Dwight D Eisenhower kept a security black out on his latest blow a blow which might break the back of German resistance strained by the piling up demands of many fronts But the Germans said unbroken streams of allied sky trains were carrying reinforcements and sup plies into the original landings made by Lt Gen Lewis H Brere tons winged striking force One of the greatest airborne operations in military history as it was described by Brereton was said by the Germans to be cen tered at Nijmegen only about 3 miles from the DuechGerman border and 12 miles northwest of Klcve where the Siegfried line ;