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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 17, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ifmmMT f OKI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Pros mad Wotted Press full Leucd Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 17 1947 This Paper Consists at Two One No 291 HURRICANE SWEEPS INTO FLORIDA Marshall Proposes Radical Overhaul of UN Machinery ASKS CURB FOR VETO POWER OF SECURITY BODY Wants Shifting of Major Responsibilities to 55Nation Assembly By R H SHACKFORD UP Staff Correspondent United Nations Hall Flushing N Y State George C Marshall proposed Wednesday a radical overhaul of United Nations machinery limit ing the big power veto shifting major responsibilities to the 55 nation assembly and confessing the failure of the security council Marshalls proposals constituted an American challenge to Russia upon whom the U S spokesman placed not blame for the worlds chaotic condition Marshall told the UN general assembly that the United States now is prepared to accept drastic of the security council veto right He asked for the crea tion of a 55nation standing com mittee of the UN general assembly to remain in continuous session and take over much of the job originally assigned to the security council The Marshall proposal would establish a watch dog commit tee of all the United Nations to keep an eye on the world and to step in with recommendations when the security has become its to act in a world crisis Marshall spoke after Mexicos Foreign Minister Jaime Torres Bodet charged that the great pow UN with disagreement ana attacked Russia whose abuse of the veto he claimed may make peace Impos sible Speaking in the 2nd assemblys general debate which opened Wednesday Marshall fired his first shot in the current phase of the U SUSSR diplomatic war Soviet Delegate Andrei I Vishin ski was originally scheduled to answer later Wednesday1 but changed his plans and will not speak until Thursday or later Marshall set forth the American plans and policy as follows Veto U S is will ing to accept by whatever means may be appropriate elimination of the veto over applications for UN membership and all security council decisions except those calling for enforcement application of sanctions Marshall proposed creation of a special committee to study this problem and report to the next assembly on how to eliminate abuse of the veto Increasing Assembly The U S proposed creation of a special assembly standing com mittee of 55 nations to be known as the interim committee on peace and security It would serve for a year and then report on the desirability of making it a permanent committee U S admitted im possibility of reaching agreement with Russia and appealed to the assembly to devise means qf at taining a trusteeship this coun try specific suggestions later but submitted the 2year statement to the im partial judgment of all nations U S appealed for assembly adoption of a resolution finding Yugoslavia Bulgaria and Albania guilty of aggression against Greece calling upon those countries to cease aiding Greek guerillas and establishing as as sembly commission to implement the resolution and investigate compliance Atomic Energy Marshall threatened to modify the U S offers on internationalization of the atomicbomb in the continued absence of unanimity and warned Russia that if she refuses to join the majority on this issue the atomic energy commission will have to report complete inability to fulfill the assemblys mandate of effective interna tional control of the new weapon U S ads mantly opposes any reduction in armaments until 1 The Japanese and German peace treaties are signed 2 The security council is equipped with military forces 3 Agreement on international con trol of atomic energy is reached Palestine The United States gives great weight to the UN special commissions recommenda tions which were unanimous and also those approved by a major ity In the later category was the suggestion for partition of Pales tine between the Jews and Arabs Wholesale Food Prices Hit AllTime Peak By UNITED PRESS Wholesale food prices were at the highest peak ever recorded Wednesday and retail prices at the corner grocery store had spiralled upward with them Dun Bradstreet announced that wholesale food prices had risen duringtbe week ended Tuesday to a new alltime peak The Index of 31 basic foods jumped from week ago to Sept 16 Meanwhile a survey by United Press showed that in 10 widely scattered cities retail prices had risen rapidly during the last 2 weeks to keep pace with the new round of recordbreaking prices at the nations big grain and livestock centers Prices of wheat and corn on the AP Wirenhoto HOW FOOD DOLLAR Earth and Mrs Anne Healy of Chicago compare stacks of food that would buyin 1941 and what it purchases to day In 1941 the assortment included 2 pounds of butter 3 dozen eggs 3 inch arid a half thick roundsteaks and 15 pork chops The 1947 assortment has shrunk to 1 pound of butter a dozen eggs 1 thin round steak and 7 pork chops Sports Bulletin St Louis Her man Dizzy Dean onetime pitching star for the St Louis Cardinals Wednesday signed a contract to pitch tor the St Louis Browns Ed Smith pub licity director for the Browns said that the righthander would probably start one or more of the teams remaining home games at the discretion of Manager Herold Muddy Kuel The salary was not revealed FIND PILOT WAS DRUNK IN CRASH 3 Persons Were Killed in New York Crackup New York Chief Assistant District Attorney Joseph V Loscalzo said Wednesday a medical examiners report showed the pilot of a DC3 experimental plane which crashed Aug8 off LaGuardia field withthe death of 3 persons was drunk at the time of takeoff Loscalzo said an investigation was launched immediately and subpoenas had been issued for survivors of the crash officials of American airlines which spon sored theplane and for officials of the civil aeronautics board which completed public hearings on the crash last Aug 27 The CAB has not yet made public its findings Loscalzo quoted Dri Alexander O Gettler city lexicologist as saying an autopsy revealed 3 plus large amount in the brain of the dead William A Davidson 34 of Wan tagh N Y There are about 15 pounds of air above every square inch of the earths surface SAME 372 While means no trftffla fleatb In past 34 hours Corn Needs 3 More Frost Free Weeks Washington nations corn crop needs at least 3 more frostfree weeks despite definite improvement in the crop prospects during the past week the weather bureau said Wednesday The bureau said the crop is making generally good progress after a disastrous midseason draught Rains last week in some sections of the main corn belt particularly in Nebraska and Mis souri helped the crop consider ably In some sections of the eastern part of the corn belt notably In diana there has been too much rain however and dry weather and hot sunshiny days are needed to mature the crop There no longer is much hope that the crop will produce more than the 2404000000 bushels es timated by the agriculture depart ment on Sept Growing condi tions during the nextfew weeks will affectthe quality of the corn The bureau said progress of the crop in Iowa Is extremely uneven however and that short stunted ears are round in the same fields with well developed mature corn Agriculture department experts estimate that at least 40 per cent of the crop would be damaged if frost came a week early This would mean soft com which has less feeding value Corn is making good progress in Nebraska where the bulk of the crop will be safe from frost within 2 weeks About 75 per cent of the crop is safe in Missouri while in Illinois from 2 to 4 weeks is need ed to mature corn The bureau said there was mod erate frost damage in western and northern North Dakota on Sept 15 and that farmers already have begun cutting the crop Corn is in good to very good condition in the middle and north Atlantic states Low Iowa TB Death Rate Des Moines had the fourth lowest death rate from tu berculosis among all states during 1946 and could take over the na tional lead C W Kamrneir ex ecutive secretary of the Iowa Tuberculosis association asserted here Tuesday He addressed a regional Christmas Seal institute at which it was announced that the state goal for the 1947 seal drive would be Chicago board of trade however dropped for the 2nd straight day and grain prices generally were 1 to 2 cents below Tuesdays close except for oats which were up to li cents a bushel higher Supplies of livestock and meat sold slowly at the nations big cornbelt stockyards with prices moving downward under contin uedpressure for reductions At South St Paul Minn however 5 head of choice steers sold for per hundred pounds an alltime record for the month of Septem ber The price also equalled the alltime mark for the South St Paul yards The spot check of 10 represent ative cities showed that house wives were taking the govern ments advice about some pur chases Buyer resistance was de veloping against butter and eggs and the volume of retail meat business had dropped still furth er because housewives were re fusing to pay high prices In New YorK the city depart ment of markets took over part of the housewifes burden The department said Mayor William ODwyer will follow the fluctuat ing food markets and issue daily menus beginning Wednesday based on the best buys of the day The survey showed that butter had increased an average of more than 10 cents a pound The price of eggs jumped almost 8 cents a dozen Meat prices also advanced sharply The average price of pork loin climbed 105 cents a pound Bacon was up 7 cents a pound ground round beef 8 cents and a beef rib rolled 9 cents Here are samples of price fluc tuation in the past 2 weeks San Francisco the price jumped 20 cents to a pound Atiantans paid 97 cents an increase of 14 cents In De troit the price jumped from 77 to 90 cents stores sold eggs for 96 cents a dozen an in crease of 16 cents In Philadelphia the price climbed 14 cents to 89 cents New Yorkers who bought eggs for 75 centsa dozen 2 weeks ago now pay 99 cents Ground beefsteak St Louis stores charged 85 cents a pound an increase of 26 cents Minneapo lis prices went up 10 cents to 55 cents a pound At Kansas City the price remained steady at 85 cents a pound was up in all cit ies Philadelphia reporteda price increase of 16 cents to a pound In Atlanta the price was 85 cents in San Francisco 92 cents in Dal las 76 cents Rolled Beef Rib Boast York stores asked a pound 17 cents more than on Sept 3 In Philadelphia the price jumped from 98 cents to St Louis prices rose 23 cents to 90 cents The Kansas City price was un changed at 85 cents Pork Atlanta pork went down 3 cents to 67 cents a pound Kansas City prices dropped 13 centsto 75 cents St Louis how ever boosted prices 39 cents to 80 cents a pound New Yorkers paid 72 ents Minneapolis house wives 52 cents and Detroiters 79 cents Blame Locked Controls for Plane Crash Washington civil aero nautics board said Wednesday that locked controls probably caused the takeoff crash of a United Air lines plane at New York May 29 in which 43 persons were killed In a report on its investigation the CAB said that apparently the gust lock was on preventing the pilot from moving the controls The gust lock is a device actu ated by a handle in the cockpit which permits the pilot to lock the control surfaces the rudder ele vators and ailerons in neutral po sition They are ordinarly locked to keep them from being buffeted by winds while the plane is sitting on the ground A living room of 15 by 20 by eight feet contains about 170 pounds of air AF WrephVtb SHOWS ORIGIN OF Hanson Coe college janitor points to the spot where he admitted setting fire to a bundle of rags and caused the destruction of the chapel at Cedar Eapids Sentence Janitor to 10 Years for Setting Coe Chapel Fire Hanson Admits Starting Blaze as Revenge for Slapping by Student Cedar Rapids P Hanson Jr 34 who said he set a chapel fire at Coe col lege Sept 4 to get revenge on a student was sentenced to 10 years in the state penitentiary at Fort Madison Wednesday Hanson was sentenced by Dis trict Judge M C Hamiel after he pleaded guilty to a charge of set ting fire to a building Appeal bond was set at Hanson crippled custodian at the college told Detective Chief William Kudrna he sought re venge because the student slapped him The slapping Incident occurred 2 days prior to the fire Kudrna said Hanson related I was msd at this student for slapping me and I wanted to get some revenge he was quoted by Kudrna in his signed statement as saying I decided to start a fire in the chapel as I knew the chapel was pretty sacred to the Coe college student In his signed confession Han son also admitted that he set fires in the Norva hotel here in 1946 the inspector reported Hanson in his statement said that after lighting the bundle of rags I waited a short tune while the rags started to burn and then left the chapel by going out a rear door Kudrna said that Assistant State Fire Marshal Adrian Lub berden and Detective John Hanna had been checking on Hansons activities since the fire He was arrested Tuesday and admitted setting the fire after several hours of questioning Kudrna said The condor an American vul ture is one of the largest existing birds of flight usually measuring 4 feet in length and 9 feet be tween wing tips SUI StudentBrings Own House Iowa City Johnson 23 yecr old Rockford pharmacy student didnt worry about living quarters at Iowa brought them with him Johnson bought a 9foot high portable house for from a Rockford farmer He hauled it the 160 miles to Iowa Ciiy on a long flatbed truck The 12 by 20 foot house was placed near Riverdale trailer village and Johnson said he thought it would be roomjer and cheaper to live in than the trailers LaGuardia Fails to Rally From Collapse New York Mayor Fiorello H LaGuardia 64 who jousted colorfully for many causes in 30 strenuous years of public life failed to rally Wednesday from a collapse suffered at his home Tuesday night his physician announced The physician Dr George Baehr said upon leaving La Guardias bedside that the former mayor and director generalof IINRRA has thus far shown no signs of rallying There appears to be no indication of immediate change either for better or worse LaGuardia suddenly collapsed and sank into a deep stupor Tuesday night Dr Baehr said Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Wednesday night Increasing cloudiness and warm Thursday Low Wednes day night 5761 High Thurs day 8085 Iowa Mostly fair Wednesday night somewhat warmer mosl sections Thursday cloudy and turning coolerwith a few lighl showers northwest portion and increasing cloudiness and warm south and east portion Showers becoming more general and overspreading the state Thurs day night and Friday Probably clearing by Friday evening Temperatures Thursday will range from average lows of 58 to average highs of 68 north west and 60 to 85 southeast On Friday from 44 to 57 northwest and 56 to 66 southeast Minnesota Mostly cloudy with scattered light showers except in extreme southeast Wednes day night Thursday genera showers and quite cool Winds 25 to 35 MPH IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 72 Minimum 51 At 8 a m Wednesday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum 57 U S Troops Defy Demand by Yugoslavs Trieste a dozen American soldiers stationed at a jorder outpost north of Trieste de fied a Yugoslav demand for a jatch of backwoods Italian land Wednesday and stood their ground long past the deadline of an ulti matum they received Three U S medium tanks wheeled into position behind the outpost to support the detachment and LI Harry Konishi comman der of border station made good Ills original report to headquar ters I am holding my ground The clash of intentions between the Americans and Yugoslavs was the 2nd such touchy encounter during the establishment of the border positions provided by the newly effective Italian peace treaty The Americans won a like test Tuesday A Yugoslav detachment ordered the Americans to surrender the 60yard patch of Italian territory giving them until noon to give way Three hours past the dead line the Yugoslavs stiil had not advanced Harry Konishi said the Yugo slavs had given him until noon to back up An hour before the ultimatum expired he reported to headquarters I am holding my ground He said that as far as he could see only a few Yugoslavs were facing him across the border at outpost No 8 but there was an antitank gun in Yugoslav territory about 400 yards away Konishi said his men had only Browning automatic rifles The area which the Yugoslavs want is about 10 miles north of Trieste and includes only one house and a small patch of ground British warships and fighter bombers put on a show of strength in an atmosphere made tense by disagreements between the British and Americans and the belligerent Yugoslavs On the surface the free state of Trieste was calm but an allied general said Marshal Titos blus tering troops trying to occupy more territory than they were en titled to had come perilously close to starting a war Two flights of 6 British fighter bombers made three low passes over the BritishAmerican zone oi the free state in clear view of the edgy troops of 4 nations faced each other across barriers of shiny new barbed wire The hottest issue the Yugoslav attempt to put a large detachment of troops in Tircste had been pui up to Washington and London Less than a dozen determined American soldiers early Tuesday prevented 2000 Yugoslavs from marching in at outpost No 5 Gen Vladimir Lekic the Yugoslav armys Commanderinchief sen a letter to Washington and London asking that his men be allowed to march in Of Tuesdays events an allied general who may not be identified because of army protocol said We might have had war Yugoslavs dug in on the hills to the east could see a British cruiser a destroyer and a corvette in Trieste harbor A spokesman a BritishAmerican tactical head quarters at nearby Duino disclosec a significant That tactica liaison between the Yugoslavs anc BritishAmericans had been brok lowa Methodists to Convention Des Molnes group of lowans headed by Resident Bishop Charles W Brashares Des Moines will attend the Ecumenical Meth odist conference in Springfield Mass Sept 24Oct 2 Delegates include Dr J J Davies For Dodge Dr Frank W Court Wa terloo and Dr L L Dunnington Iowa City Alternates include Dr Frank Bean Sioux City LOOK Taft Says Truman Droppec Price Controls Too Soon See page 2 Giants Again Beat St Louis Cardinals See page 13 Corn Soybean Field Day Featured at ISC See page 3 Willowbrook Storm Sewer Bonds Sold See page 15 STORM CENTER MOVES ACROSS LOWER SECTION Miami and Palm Beach Report 110 to 120 Mile an Hour Winds and Rain Miami Fla giant hurri cane moved inland across Flori das resortjammed lower east coast Wednesday and headed across the rich truckfarming sec ors of the state toward the Gulf of Mexico The center of the storm moved over Fort Lauderdale shortly aft er noon In Miami and Palm Beach winds reached 110 to 120 miles per hour in punishing gusts and torrents of rain lashed the area in swirling sheets The highway patrol re ported one death by electrocution Miami Beach virtually was iso lated when 2 causeways to the mainland were closed Electric power and water were cut off Several persons were missing in the churning sea At West Palm Beach Z houses went up In flames as result of broken power lines Ironically one house belonged to a fireman The Red Cross reported between 15000 and 20000 persons huddled In emergency shelters at West Palm Beach alone Hundreds of thousands up and down the coast sought refuge in schools and other public buildings C C Clausen a contractor was severely injured at Lake Worth when he stepped on one of many electric wires littering the streets Two trains carrying hurricane refugees from the Lake Okeecho bee region reached Marcy Fla safely alter difficulties at West Palm Beach They were consoli dated for movement to Sebring A dozen commercial planes were smashed like fruit baskets at Mi ami The planes were reduced to wreckage as the hurricane ripped Miamis airport All were in Latin America service Two railway trains which were to haul 5000 refugees from the floodmenaced Lake Okeechobee region were caught by the storm at Palm Beach Crews were re ported working frantically to get the stalled cars rolling and had 3 locomotives hooked to one train Apprehensive citrus growers did all they could do to safeguard their crop but were fearful of disastrous damage in the path of the hurricane The storm was expected to smash across the Florida peninsula with peak intensity in the Fort Myers area about nightfall The wind velocity was less than the 130mile gusts recorded in Florida in September 1915 The great storm of 1928 attained a maximum velocity of 162 MPH off San Juan Puerto Rico but was not recorded in the United States A 38foot coast guard picket boat was sighted struggling against towering seas after an attempt to evacuate a dozen persons from a strip of land southeast of Miami It was not certain if the refugees were aboard Three persons aboard a private yacht radioed an SOS but the coast guard said high seas and hurricane winds made rescue im possible Prospect of the storm sweeping into the Gulf of Mexico caused hurried evacuation of army air fields and MacDill field sent its B29s to Chanute and Scott fields in the middle west Smaller planes at Pensacola Mobile and other exposed points were ordered in land An estimated 10000 persons streamed in a dismal procession through Sebring Fla in headlong flight from Lake Okeechobee low lands where 1500 persons drowned in 1928 The beating winds backed up the waters of the huge dikebound lake and Sher iff John Kirk exclaimed I hope to God the dikes hold There was no way to estimate probable damage to the rich pop ulous lower east coast which an nually is the playground of count less tourists Nor was it evident how badly Floridas citrus crop would be hit During the night and early morning sound trucks of the Red Cross raced through the Okeecho bee lowlands exhorting residents to leave Two trains with 83 coaches baggage and box cars evacuated thousands but at 11 a m they had not reached Sebring and it was uncertain whether they had fallen victim of the high winds British Crash Kills 10 Bridlington England German prisoners of war and 2 British escorts were killed and 12 injured Wednesday when their truck crashed into a speeding ex press train at a grade crossing near here The crew and passen gers of the train were not hurt ;