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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 17, 1945, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOLLI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS mvcenucop MASON CITT IOWA MONDAY H 1945 JAPS CLAIM SHINOTSUKA KILLS SELF One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE EGLO Mas OB City Suadiy 8 p ra WO1 Amei TOM day p m ViSVl Iow City Wednesday p m WTAD QBlncy m Friday J m K5CJ Sioux City BatariUy p m Britain Under a Labor Government EVEN though the labor govern ment has beenat the helm for almost 2 months the average American still finds it difficult to realize that Winston Churehillj who had come to bethe very em bodiment of John Bull isnt run ning the show This was evident cot long ago in connection with the sudden termination of lendlease by President Truman Both Clement Attlee the new prime minister and Winston Chnrchill spoke np in protest against the precipitous ness of theAmerican action Al most without exception Ameri can newspapers played up Churchills pronouncement and relegated Attlee to a secondary position More recently I found myself in a dinner party group where alter due attention to the Japanese capitulation conversation shifted to world politics and postwar problems Inevitably the subject of Whats going to happen to Britain under thelabor govern ment came up for discussion The woman sitting next to me was still fighting mad about what she called the Ingratitude and in decency of the British electorate in turning out the leader whohad taken over in Britains darkest days and fought through to vic tory WQuldnttiaVe teen so bid she observed if wafted until was signe d But no they had to turn Churchill out rightin the middle of the Potsdam conference If that isnt a shameful lack of gratitude Id like to know what youd call it Churchill had an al most Unanimous following in this country For millions of our people his periodic broadcasts during the war were a major tonic and source of inspiration His greatness has not been a sub ject for debate Oddly enough during my visit in England a year ago I discov ered that our own president Franklin D Roosevelt occupied exactly the same position in Brit ish public opinion I remember sitting In the lounge of my London hotel one evening in the company of a number of British acquaintances Our presi dential campaign was just enter ing its hottest stage The whole RECRUIT BILL IS HOT SUBJECT FOR CONGRESS Test Is Near for Senators on Aid to Jobless Measure MONDAY IN CONGRESS Recruitment bill may touch off draftdischarge fight Truman calls in capitol hill lieutenants Senate test on jobless aid measure phenomenon was comprehension of beyond the my British friends They simply couldnt un derstand holding an election in time of war HasntMr Roosevelt done a magnificent job of directing your war effort they would ask Then why they would add do you even give consideration turning him out to My explanation that periodic elections are mandatory under our constitution seemed to fall on barren soil They would counter with this suggestion All right if you MUST go through the motions of holding an election why not have both of your major parties nominate Mr Roosevelt Why make a cat and dog fight out of in the midst of war OP COURSE the thing at the bottom of their whole think ing was their high regard for President Roosevelt They were judging him solely on the basis of his foreign policy That tallied exactly with their own thinking in that field Therefore they found nothing in him to criticize In this regard the situation was exactly as T found if to be in Sonth America a year or 2 previ ously I came back from my iaunt through the Latin Americas firm ly convinced that President Roosevelt could be elected presi dent of every conntry south of flic Rio could gpt his name on the ballot would most an honest election In Britain as in South America there was neither knowledge of nor interest in the Roosevelt do mestic policies That he was seek ing a 3rd or a 4th term concerned them not at aiS What they knew was that they liked him and wanted him to continue in world leadership Now the shoe is on the other foot The Britain which couldnt understand why Americans should even go to the polls for a presi dential election has held an elec tion of its own and turned out Continued on Pare 21 WashingIon IP Apples and brickbats dotted the congression al scene Monday The ones are inducements the house mili tary committee wants to hold out to men now in uniform to sign up for another hitch in the army or navy The inducement bills was scheduled for house action Mon day It may touch off a fullscale draftdemobilization fight The brickbats verbal ones were tossed out by Senator Clyde M Heed RKans His target The often swjpedat jobless aid bill It comes up in the senate Tuesday Meanwhile President Truman from a weekend in Mis these capitol hill lieutenants to a morning confer ence at the white house to go over the whole legislative pic ture Senate Majority Leader Barkley of Kentucky Senate President McKellar of Tennessee Speaker Rayburn of Texas am House Majority Leader McCdr macfc of Massachusetts congressional atten tion was dividedbetween 1 much to en present wartisje rates Aid wha to 5o aboutthose of ten frozen1 levies 2 Pearl the 10 member investigating be able o tell its findings in one report or 2 conflicting ones Heres the story Enlistment inducements Thi house military committee bese last month by cries for an end tc the draft and speedier discharges decided on an entirely differen task It reasoned that if enough men could be persuaded to stay in uniform after they have been offered discharges 2 things woul A Draft calls could be cut more and more finally abolished B More men could be releasei faster because ample replacement would be available Hence the committee drafted bill which would cut the enlist ment period to 2 years now th army hitch is 3 the navys 4 provide governmentpaidfor trip home before returning to service let a man draw his mustering ou pay before reenlisting assur him provisions of the G I Bil of Rights after he getsout again There are other features tod Jobless senate whic scheduled no session Monda takes up a bill Tuesday to brin more people under unemploymen compensation It also would pro vide federal money to stretch ou the time they could draw thes payments and provide travel a lowances for stranded war work ers Only 6 Survive Out of 3550 n Nip Hands By THE ASSOCIATEDPRESS Five Americans were killed imply because they were flyers and 3 others were beheaded after iiey were marched through Jap nesestreets bearing signs These re the American devils who ombed us Maj John A Sing aub of Sherman Oaks Cal re sted at Hong Kong Monday in neof a series of fresh atrocity tories An Australian army Intelii ence report Issued at Mel lourne said that of 3550 British nd Australian prisoners taken to Borneo only 6 are known to be live Last January the Melbourne eport said 203 prisoners died of 50 sent on a death inarch hrough the Borneo mountains Another death march claimed 353 lives out of 538 men and the oth ers died later or were killed At Darwin Australia Pvt J W Jarkin in an interview gave new details of the abuse of Gen Jon athan M Wainwright comman der at the surrender of Corregi dpr and Lt Gen Sir Arthur Per cival commander at the fall of Singapore Wainwrieht has declined com ment on beatings he and other high ranking allied officers were said to have All of them including Wain wright and Percival had to go on morning parade with the rest of the prisoners of war and were often struck by the inspecting sergeant major who always car ried a bamboo cane said Larkin Se was liberated from a Formosa rison The general had to stand a attention whenever a Jap passed irrespective of his rank One day when Maj Gen Keys had charge of a working party consisting o generals only he ordered them to stand at ease when a Jap private happened to be passing The private walked up Ktb Keys and him on both cheeks When Keys later com plained to the Jap commander he received a beating for his trouble Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness Monday night and Tuesday with occasional showers No de cided change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy Occasiona light showers west portion Mon day and Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy with scatterec thundershowers north and wes portions warmer east portion Monday and Monday night and extreme east portion Tuesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy with oc casional showers Monday night and Tuesday No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Saturday 65 Minimum Saturday night 46 At 8 a m Sunday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum go GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 68 Minimum Sunday 48 At 8 a m Monday 50 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum UAW GIVES CM UNTIL TUESDAY TO GRANT RAISE General Motors Faces Strike Vote Unless Pay Boost Given Detroit powerful CIO United Automobile Workers Mon day gave the farflung General Motors empire until Tuesday to grant a 30 per pent payroll boost or face astrike vote in its 135 plants from coast to coast The UAW said It would wait until Tuesday before petitioning or a strike vote among GBls 350000 workers It warned Ford Motor company and other twothirds of the aufo in dustrys big 3 strike votes were slated for their sprawling systems next week unless the blanket boost was granted Ford closed down its plants here and in other cities last Friday aecause of a strike at the Kelsey Hayes Wheel company a Ford supplier The UAW tried unsuccessfully to end the wildcat KelseyHayes walkout over the weekend The UAW executive board named Percy Llewellyn codirector of the UAWs 1A regionas special administrator of the KelseyHayes local The strikers refused to obey Llewellyns order to return to work Less than 350 of the 4500 strikers attended a meeting pre sided over by LleWellyn Sunday They Cook no action on his request that they end the walkout which followed dismissal of 12 men for allegedly ejecting two foremen from plant departments The situation looks unfavor able Llewellyn said but my jobistostayand try to get the workers back V The UAWwas anxioUs ef fectuate the return of 50000 Ford workers laid off as a result of the wheel factory tieup All whip cracking failed to move the Kel seyHayes strikers however STALiWASK FOR USLOAN Moscow Generalissimo Stalin met a group of United States congressmen for an hour Monday and was understood to have expressed a desire for a 36000000000 loan from the United States The premier told the group studying postwar planning in Eur ope that Russia needs economic assistance particularly from the United States A British delegation headed by Lord Keynes and Lord Halifax are conferring in Washington with U S officials seeking a 000 to grant in aid rather than aloan Stalin said the soviet union faces a number of years of hard building to restore the damages of war and to raise the standard oE living in Russia Last Rites for Herring 66 Will Be Held in Des Moines CLYBE L HERRING Dead at 66 Herring Elected to Senate by Vote Plurality of 35000 Automobile dealer turned dealer Clyde La Verne Herring was swept into the United States senate by a plurality of 35000 votes in November 193G after a bitter campaign against Iowas longtime republican senator Lester Jesse Dickinson seekingreelectionto the senate lost to George A Wil son who had served 2 terms as Iowa governor Since that time he had spent most of his time in Washington first as an assist ant in the office of price admin istration and later in special coun seling service He entered the senate after Name Director Chicago French Des Moines was named 3 director of the cooperative club international at the groups 25th annual meet ing here Saturday serving 2 terms as governor of Iowa a staunch new dealer and forthright exponent of the what the hell school of politics Campaign charges and occa sional unwise remarks publicly quoted often brought him out on front pages and placed him in what his councillors termed po litical hot water but Clyde Her ring invariably turned the rag ing storm into a mere high wind which blew him farther up the political trail His skill at twisting unpleasant situations into political gain was illustrated in the famed pigbet episode on the outcome of an IowaMinnesota football game On a fall Friday in 1935 the governor was entertain ing reporters at a press conference in his office Statehouse news being dull the talk turned to the forthcoming football game be tween the University of Iowa and the University of Minnesota ai Minneapolis The chances of the weak Iowa 11 against Minnesotas champion ship squad did not please the gov ernor Of Minnesota he said If the officials stand for any rough stuff Im sure the crowd wont Seized upon by newspapermen the remark was widely published and stirred a storm of protests or both Iowa and Minnesota cam puses Denials that any Western conference football team ever used rough stuff Hew through out the middle west and Minne sotas rooters claromored for apol ogies Clyde Herrings good friend the late Governor Floyd Olsen of Minnesota stepped into the gap and in a rambling telegram which Governor Herring turned over to reporters said that of course Iowa didnt have a chance to win bu that he would wager a prize Minnesota hog against a prize OF THEIR LAYOFFEmtfoyea of Ford Motor company buy newspapers at stand outside mam gate of Kouge plant Detroit Mich as they left work to start lay the to be left idle as result Iowa hog to be put up by Her ring on the outcome Minnesota won and Governor Herring the clicking o camera shutters While the Iowa governor was delivering Clyde o Rosedale a champion Iowa boar in person at the Minnesota capi tol lowans chuckled at the finesse with which an unpleasant inciden had been turned into good enter tainment and friendly publicity But another bombshell ex ploded when Virgil Case Dei Moines stumpster filed against Governor Herring in mu nicjpa court for violation of thi Iowa gambling laws Sending his attorney to court to represent him Clyde Herring sat back and grinned at his pre dicament The rest of the state was grinning too Representing Governor Her ring able Lehan T Ryan an as sistant attorney general speedily roved that the Des Moines court ad no jurisdiction since the pig was made in Iowa City The case was dismissed and the ncident closed although the po itically wisesaw nothing but gain n itfbi Clyde Herring thefirs bvernor ing apig A close friend of niost newspa permen whor attended his press onferences Governor Herring ivas fond of scooping reporters and his political enemies in the tatehouse as welL His office was always a sdurc of tips on news unobtainable in ither statehouse departments His prize was when he announced the candidacy of hi rival In the senatorial primarie of Utterback on day before Utterback anriouncec t himself An intimate of Curtiss Dall for n e r soninlaw of Presiden Roosevelt Herring was often vis ted by Mr Dall and the presi dential grandchildren Sistie an Biizzie Seldom duped byhis politico opponents Clyde Herring fell victim to the wiles of little Sis lie when she persuaded him t thrust both arms through th rack of a door and then placed tumbler full of water in each hand Powerless to move without spill ing the water the governor stoo there untillaughing Sistie re leased him A political conference of som consequence was on another oc casion abruptly called off whe the governors grandson Larrj appeared at the state house to te him that its about time to go se that man about those sleds Th governor went Indecision seldom if ever show ed in his stewardship of state a fairs Des Moines was darkened by strike of electrical workers Homes hospitals and industries were des perately in need of electricity Governor Herring called repre sentatives of strikers and employ ers to a 4 a m conference at downtown hotel By candlelight he met them and spoke abruptly Gentlemen I will give you 10 minutes to decide whether you are going to turn on the lights If you dont turn them on I wilL He left the conferees and sat smoking a cigar in the darkened hotel lobby Before the 10 minutes had passed the conference broke up and rushed out to announce to him that settlement had been reached and service would be re stored Four minutes later the lights came on Twentyfifth man to serve as governor of Iowa Clyde Herring began his first term in 1932 the eading Iowa 3emocratDies n Washington Des Moines body of lyde L Herring 6G was being eturned Monday from Washing on where he died Saturday to he state in which he was the nly democrat elected both gov ernor and United States senator Accompanied by the former of cials son Capt Clyde E Her ng and his wife and a daugh erinlaw Mrs Catherine Her ng the body will arrive Monday ight Funeral services for Herring ill be conducted from his Des loincs home at 3 p m Tuesday he Eev Frederick M Meek pas of Plymouth Congregational hurch will officiate Services vlll be open to Jhe public The statehouse will close at 2 p Tuesday and the flag on the apitol mast will fly at halfmast yy order of the state executive ouncil Council members said hey had informed the Herring amily that the body could lay in tate inthe capitol if the family vished Herring died in his Washington lotel apartment of a heart ail He had lived in the national apital since he sought reelection o the senate and was defeated in 1942 by Senator George A Wil on republican incumbent He became ill early Saturday and died late in the afternoon of coronary thrombosis of the pos erior artery of the heart Herring was the 25th man to ecome governor of Iowa and the states first democratic chief ex ecutive since 1894 when he took He served 2 terms as during which he championed a 3 point taxpersonal ncqjne tax and corporation in ome guided through a lesitant legislature a stateowned liquor store system Herring was born on a farm near Jackson Mich May 3 1879 3is education except that which ie gained for himself was ob tained at a 1 room rural school and during 1 year at the Jackson school Although under age he en listed when the SpanishAmeri can war broke out and his out fit had just been ordered to ac tive duty when the war ended Herrings first job was as a jewelers apprentice in Detroit where he became a friend of SLASH IN NIP OCCUPATIONAL FORCE IS SEEN Cut to 200000 Men Within 6 Months Revealed by MacArthor BULLETIN Tokyo The newspaper Asahi reported thai Lt Gen Yoshio Shinotsuka member of Japans supreme war council committed suicide early Monday by cutting his throat with a Samurai sivord Shinotsufca for merly president of the army officers school the West Point of Japan He was a classmate of Hideki Tojo the war time dicta tor Both were graduated from the officers school in 1905 Tokyo greatest military gamble American landing in armed paid off so handsomely that occupation forces probably will be cut to not more than 200000 within 8 months Gen MacArthur said Monday As a result of the successful penetration of thli conquered na tion he added In a formal state ment troops will be returned home as rapidly as ships are made available Regular army forces he said probably will be able to maintain unaided the 200000 man will permit complete demobilization of our citizen draftee Pacific There was probably no greater gamble taken in history his statement explained than the initial landings where ground Criminal Boxscore By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS the way the roundtrp of 46 suspected Japanese inals axis plotters and Qulslinn on General MacArlmirs original wanted list shaped up Monday In prison or in custody 29 At large 15 Suicide 2 whose automobile then in its early first democratic chief executive since 1894 A democratic landslide into which the November 1932 general election also developed also car rind into office the other demo cratic candidates who constituted Iowas first democratic adminis tration in a long span of years A wide business experience les sons from which he carried to the executive post was used in his as sault on the many problems of state government which arose dur ing the 2 years after he took office Henry Ford business was stages Herringwent west and punched cattle in Colorado and New Mex ico moving to Iowa in 1906 He began cattle feeding In Cass county but his acquaintance with Ford soon led io his obtaining the Ford automobile agency for west ern Iowa and all of Nebraska He opened salesrooms in At lantic Council Bluffs and Des Moines later moving to Des Moines where he expanded his business and took an active part in civic affairs Herring ran for his first office in 1920 as candidate for governor and was defeated He was de feated again 2 years later when he was democratic nominee for sen ator Awaiting arrival of the former senators body in Des Moines are the widow Mrs Pearl S Herring a son Laverne B Herring and a grandson Lawrence A third son Lawrence died of a heart attack 2 years ago 21POUOCASES IN MASON CITY One Additional Victim Reported Monday One additional case of infantile paralysis was reported at the of fice of Dr C M Franchere city health director Monday morning bringing the total for the season in Mason City to 21 A 12 year old boy was the victim Until Mon day morning no additional cases had been reported in the city since the middle of last week which is quite conclusive evidence that the trend of new cases has been downward for some time Dr Franchere stated Plan Church Confab Albia than 3Dt per sons are expected to attend the state conference of United Breth ren churches opening here Wed nesday Sessions will continue through Sunday forces were outnumbered 1000 to 1 by armed Japanese But he added the stakes were worth it MacArthurs estimate of200000 occupation troops is just half the number which Lt Gen Robert L Eichelberger commander the U S army recently said would be Eichel bergers figures were at that time considered low At the start some 800000 air forces scheduled to participate Only Saturday however Eich elberger forecast that the entire occupation might be washed up within a year if it continued as smoothly as it had started Mac Arthurs statement Eald that the unknown quantity at the out set of the occupation was whether a military government would have to be established This would have involved several million troops he said but by working with the ex isting Japanese government pur poses of the surrender terms can be accomplished with only a small fraction of the men time and money originally projected Shanghai dispatches Monday said that the swift quiet expan sion of American naval occupa tion along Shanghais waterfront was expected by Wednesday Minesweepers already are at work clearing the Whangpoo river there U S 8th army headquarters re ported that roundup of the 46 war crimes suspects wanted by Mac Arthur was proceeding with equal the Japanese making the arrests Twentynine already were in custody only 15 remained at liberty and 2 others were dead by their own hands Nobusuke Kishi former com merce and industry minister was locked in the big Yokohama jail Monday several hours after Jap anese authorities drove up with Vice Adm Ken Terashima for mer communications and railways minister With Kishi were Lt Col Seiichi Ohta reportedly charged with atrocities at Manila and Lt Ho nashi Takauchi who allegedly mistreated internees at prison camp 1B in the Kawasaki area Shigeru Yoshida former ambas sador to London and a man be lieved by Japanese to be more ac ceptable to Jhe allies replaced Foreign Minister Namoru Shige mitsn Monday in a sudden cabinet shuffle well informed Japanese sources reported Shigemitsu had been requested by the premier to resign these sources said and be did so late Monday Yoshida now living at Oiso was informed of his appoint ment by telephone and accepted Shigemitsus resignation report edly was based on the fact that ;