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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 17, 1942, Mason City, Iowa HISTORY KOI ES ARCHIVCS 4 n NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOOATED MASON CITY 1 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS 4 wutiaioAa iWU BE UT1OH S BH1 aeam ONE NO 294 FOR MASON CITY AIRPORT Wil Nazis Declare Wedge Through Stalingrad Driven to Volga River BERTTN tTPrnYm Stalingrad were under completr control of the attacking forces The radio broadcast a Trans ocean agency dispatch reporting that soviet troops are now offer ing fanatical resistance in small and large groups which military quarters in Berlin characterize as suicide Earlierthe high commands daibccommunique had said mere ly that the battle for the fortified city of Stalingrad is progressing without interruption Masses of Tanks Get to Suburbs By HENRY C CASSIDY MOSCOW WGerman a Russian infantrymen battled m the attics and cellars of a north western section of Stalingrad i nursday after the gates of the city finally had been opened to the invaders by massed tanks Bombs rained down without a letup upon the defending up of soldiers red marines and armed and buildings within the smok I on the elbow of the Volga as waves of nazi dive bombers hurled themselves into the assault 3f It was apparent from field dis fhat the German air force R rman ar orce held a clear numerical superiority rand was hard for soviet flyers to ri Moscow radio announced lfhat the invaders were maintaining itfheir advance jpf casualties Successful defensive actions stressed by the soviet infor jon bureaus midday commu JvPique a few hourslater however Vand Russian field dispatches in no fjfvay intimated that the fighting lessened orthat the city was I Tailing the northwestern outskirts Stalingrad enemy automatic supported by lanks lajwere repulsed by a soviet in ffijfantry unit the communique said Six tanks were disabled I or set on fire by antitank rifle I fire hand grenadesand incen dlar bottles The enemy auto matic riflemen were surrounded and wiped About 650 Germans were re ported slain on other sectors of the Stalingrad defense zone in en gagements which frequently de veloped hand to hand fighting JMazi tanks armored cars and am munition trucks were brought under the damaging fire of red army artillery Will Fight to Last Defender in Volga City MOSCOW powerful nazi army described as lightin like devils battered into hS Stalingrad but the red army made Plain us intention to fight house by house street by street and Pillbox by pillbox to the last de fenderj before relinquishing the Volga river city The assault on the northwest outskirts of Stalingrad earned the nazis towitliin 9 to 12 miles of the center of the city It was re ported that out of a total German assault army of possibly 1000000 men some 450000 troops were hammering at the narrow north west front Despite the slow nazi advance into Stalingrad the red army or gan Red Star published an illu minating dispatch on internal defense of invested cities which made plain its intention to fight for Stalingrad to the last The dispatch said that even a completely destroyed city can and must fight to the last Destruction of a city by abriel bombardment it said paralyzes its peacetime existence but does no V impair its fighting ability A defense can be organized amidst the ruins which no force the ruinedhouses must be transformed irito ma chine gun nests The experience of Tula Sevas opal and Leningrad provides that I the defense of inhabited points s properly organized they can be held as long as the defenders want to even when com pletely surrounded We must fight for each city and town to the last We must die in the crn section Above is an air view of the Mason City municipal teirport Superimposed on the picture as taken by the photographer is Artist Ailen Japs Make 8 Mile Advance Toward Moresby in Jungle Patton s conception of the concrete runwavs and other developments which may be expected to take place with the completion of the war de ather than surrender house or pillbox a single JAPS NAME NEW FOREIGN CHIEF Tani Takes Place of Togo Who Was Believed Friendly to Russia TOKIO From Japanese Broad Masayuki Tani 53 career diplomat who has was Deported been president of the board in in the northwest1 formation since Gen Hideki To1o became premier 11 months viic JLlUt with the Germans ans swarming into every house they could seize They fired fromattics and cel lars a dispatch said but the red army menejected them from many Dispatches left no doubt that the German air force was rain ing bombs continually upon the weary Russian fighters capitaliz ing on a numerical superiority seldom ever before attained in the GermanRussian war The army newspaper Red Star said the sky over the city was swarming with both divebomb ers and high level squadrons and declared that the fate of the city depended upon the skill and courage of tKe available soviet fightev pilots r Several hundred thousand troops i several tens of were declared by 7vestia to have oeen concentrated by the German command for the push that broke ID to the outskirts urougiu up eslv forces and poured them into the tattle Plane landings this L to froht indicated the were able to establish landing fields immediately outside the city said Germans killed during a counterattack in the Smyavino area of the Volk hov river front and fighting named on theccntral front in the upper Don basin and along the river valley of the Cauca r attention hcAvever was commanded by the battle of Stal SuS ingrad Ai PAVING DONE AME state highway commission reported eight miles cf paving on the primary road sys tem were completed in August bringing the total for the year to owcst since mud was nained foreign minister Thursday He took over the post from the premier who has held it pro visionally since the resignation Sept 1 of Shigenori Togo and will continue also to head the board of information The resignation of Togo who prepared last years sovietJapa nese neutrality pact was widely interpreted at the time is clearing the way for a renunciation of that pact and an attack on Siberia Further possible signs that Si beria may be attacked or that a blow against British India may be imminent were seen Wednes day m a statement attributed to Gen Shunroku Hata Japanese commander in chief in China that he east Asia war is about to take an important step in cooperation with the European Other developments Thursday included Emperor Hirohito received the premier in audience and was given a report on general administra tive affairs Kazuo Aoki 52 former finan cial adviser to the Nanking re gime was named a minister of state in the Japanese cabinet A Tokio dispatch broadcast by the Berlin radio said that Aoki the new cabinet minister would become head of the projected min istry for greater east Asia which is to be established to direct ad ministration of Japans conquests in Asia and the East Indies Seized Slot Machines Will Become Salvage TrtrX District Judge F C Davidson ordered 32 slot machines confiscated in raids a vr ago to be turned over to he Emmet county scrap iron cam paign GENERAL MacARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia main bodies of the allied and Japanese forces in New wisrerlocfced jrv ibittercam bat Thursday approximately 32 miles airline from Post Moresby following a new enemy advance of eight miles from the southern slopes of the rugged densely wooded Owen Stanley mountains The immediate scene of the bat tle was the tiny hamlet of lori baiwa which the Japanese reached Wednesday after pushing forward eight miles from ECogi where they had been stalled for a week after crossing the summit of th mountains with the aid oE the familiar infiltrations tasts A communique from Genera MacArthur headquarters said th heav pressure and that serious figh mg was in progress but ther was no indication of the turn was taking It appeared evident however that the Japanese had bee strongly reinforced during the pas week and that they were throw ing every thing into a determine effort to reach Port Moresby vital link in Australias outer de fenses Prospective Woman Juror Isnt Sure If She Hasa Family DES MOINES Sarah E Kelman When Mrs prospective juror in a municipal covirt case was asked the customary question Do you have a family she re plied I dont know Then she explained My only son has been report ed missing in action while serv ing with the navy in the south Pacific She was accepted as a juror FAILED TO REGISTER DES MOINES if Special Agent Ralph V Harman of the federal bureau of investigation re ported the arrest at Creston Iowa of SineiAnderson 54 on a charge of failure to register for selective Hints Jap Invasion Plans Gen Shunroka HaU Japans commander In chief in China hinted at 2 Jap invasion of India or Siberia when he said in a Tokio broadcast Xhe east Asia war is auout to take an important step in with the European WILLKIE LANDS IN KUIBYSHEV Will See New Sites of War Industries Moved From West Zone KUIBYSHEV Russia I1 Wendell Willkie arrived by ai Thursday at this branch capital o the U S S R He came from Teheran Iran on an airtour as President Roose velts volunteer messenger o American home unity which has taken him through the middle eas and which will include China Willkie was accompanied by Jos eph Barnes and Gardner Cowles of the of war information Tours to inspect a new hydro electric plant on the Volga and the new sites of war industries moved back from Russias western war zone have been organized for him He will be guest also at a spe cial concert arranged in his honor by the Russian foreign officeand at receptions by the diplomatic corps here ALLIED BOMBERS RAID BENGASI Score 2 Hits on Ships as Fighter Planes Range Egyptian Battle Area CAIRO heavy bom bers made a daylight attack Wed nesday on the axis supply port of Bengasi more than 500 miles west of the Egyptian battlefront scor ing hits on two ships and setting one afire a British communique announced Thursday At the same time the bulletin said British fighters were active over the battle area shooting down at least two enemy aircraft and damaging many others One Brit ish plane failed to return to base On the previous night Tobruk 2i Vvutalusxis suPPy Port was blasted by heavy bombers There have been no activities on theland front except for patrol skirmishes and artillery exchanges the communique said I 800 AIRPLANES BLAST NAZIS IN RUHR DISTRICT Heavy Night Blow at Industrial Site Follows Wiesbaden Dusk Attack LONDON squad rons of possibly 800 RAF bomber unloaded another huge load o ex plosives upon the industrialheart of Germany Wednesday night striking at the Ruhr in a renewcc effort to aid soviet Russia by crip pling Adolf Hitlers warmaking machinery This massive niglit blow at the Ruhr the air ministry disclosed followed a daring dusk attack by light British bombers on Wies baden in the Rhincland Wies baden is the seat of the German armistice commission that deals with French armistice matters The night raid delivered by a very strong force of bombers many fires burning some them very large the communique said British lasses in the two air fo rays were 39 planes it was an nounced If the usual five per ccn loss ratio prevailed the RAF maj tiave sent over as many as 801 planes An authoritative source said specifically however that i was not a 1000bomber operation The KAF ran its string of nigh assaults on the reich this month to 10 by this attack jf Spitfire fighters meanwhile intercepted a group of highfly ing German daylight raiders over the English channel this morning and turned them back after they had tried three times to cross the British south coast Two American pilots serving vith the Royal Canadian air force many fires in the Ruhr valley The fires were not so concen rated as in the 1000bomber raid Jn Cologne but they covered a vider area reported Flight Sergt Edward Murphy of Dorchester ilass a veteran of many raids The red glow from the fires was effected by the clouds over the argct Sergt James Burton 25 of 1151 Burlington avenuej Billings rtont said the Ruhr valley de enses were extremely vere pouring it up Whenever a cone of search lights focnssed on a plant the Germans sent up the whole works were caught in a beam once or twice but we werent coned The dusk curtain raiser of the Sritish air assault was the second low again Wiesbaden within a lonth To reach their goal with night all Tuesday night the light bomb rs had to cross almost 40 miles of nemy territory in daylight Some iritish observers said this may ave accounted for a large share the 39 planes lost but no official mplificalion was given Buy War Savings Bonds and tamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy partment programfor which 650000 has been made available from funds under civilian aero nautics authority supervision F R Opposes Any Move to Change Farm Parity Formula President Dispatches Letters to Wagner and Steagall With Views WASHINGTON Roosevelt inIetters to chairmen of the senate and house banking committees expressed unalter able opposition Thursday to any move to change the present par ity formula for farm prices Advised at a white house con ference that amendments might be offered to pending antiinfla tion legislation to alter the level of parity returns to farmers the president wrote Senator Wagner D N Y and Representative Steagall D Ala opposing such a move Parity is a price level calcu lated to give fanners a return for their crops comparable to a past favorable period usually 190914 Some farm bloc mem bers had contended that this formula ought to be revised to take farm wages into account thus increasing the level 1o which farm prices might rise before ceilings came into op eration I should like to make clcai my unalterable opposition to any recomputation of parity at this time the president wrote In my message of Sept 7 I stated m computing parity we shoulc continue to use the computations of the bureau of agricultural eco nomics made under the law as it stands today This will continue to be my policy The antiinflation bill intro duced by Chairman Steagall of the louse hanking committee provide for redefining parity to make labor costs a factor Senator Barltlcy of Kentucky the democratic leader said after a white honse conference Thurs day that many persons had hon estly mistaken the presidents mention in his antiinflation message of costs of labor to mean farm labor costs rather than cost oflabor going into things farmers buy Steagall who attended the con erencc said afterward that in draftingJiis bill he had taken the in their best the farmers tionship with other groups Thi is the purpose of parity This thj present formula does The parity principle lor this administration has stood sine 1933was a good standard fo it is a good standan for war To recalculate parity nov and to offer to the public 100 cent of a new and higher parity would be to offer stabilization ye destroy the possibility of achiev ing it RAFrFOONDON ATLANTIC COAST Shot Fired But Effort to Capture Prowler Is Not Successful NEW YORK The eastern residents words egal light from point of view Jou going to change the nil to conform with this new in erpretation Steagall was asked I do not know what the com mittee will do he replied In his letter Thursday the resident quoted from this mes age all parity is by its very definition a fair relation ship between the prices of the things farmers sell and the things Hiey bay Calculations of parity must include all costs of production including the cost of labor By that I meant the presi ents letter said what the anguage parity is fair nd it is fair because it now in ludes the labor cost incorporated n the prices of the things which armers buy It is this which rings farmers into a fair rela n defense command announced Thursday that a small raft had been found along the Atlantic coast of Long Island Wednesday night and that a shot was fireet in an unsuccessful attempt to halt a prowler An army beach patrol together with police and coast guard later searched the vicinity but dis covered nothing unusual The announcement said the in cident occurred at about 10 p m eastern war time lowan Is Killed in Accident on Maneuvers BOOVE body of Ar thurA Anderson 21 of Boone wil be returned here Friday from Camp Polk La where he was killed in anp accident while on army maneuvers Details of the accident were not received here Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Considerably cool er Thursday afternoon Thurs day night and Friday forenoon showers and thunderstorms Thursday afternoon and early Thursday night IOWA Scattered showers and thunderstorms Thursday after noon and Thursday night and light showers south portion Fri day forenoon cooler north and west portions Thursday night and cast portion Friday fore noon MINNESOTA Showers and thunderstorms Thursday after noon and Thursday night cooler south portion and continued cool north portion Thursday aft ernoon through Friday fore noon IN MASON CITY JlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 86 Minimum Wednesday night 58 At 8 a m Thursday 58 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum ao CAA TO BE IN CHARGE OF WAR DEPT PROJECT Large Part of Sum Is Expected to Be Used for Concrete Runways The war department has authorized for the development of the Mason City municipal airport it was announced Thursday in Washington D C by Sena tor Clyde Herring The development is part of a airport construction program in Iowa in which ports also will be built at Cedar Rapids and Burlington The airports Herring said ac cording to an Associated Press dispatch would be built by the civilian aeronautics administra tion These airports arc a part of a program of construction through out the United States the sena tor stated Some will be used as training fields auxiliary training fields and some part of the network oC airports used in the transport ot new planes from point con itruction to place of assignment while no details are available at this time as to construction it is assumed locally that a large part of the appropriation will be spent for concrete runways and it has been indicated that the length of the runways will be consider ably extended unavailable at this time whichthe airport will be putor the number of men and planes that might be stationed there However as the announcement fro m Washington indicated this construction is being defi nitely made as part of the war program The 112 acre airpori which hcs on No 18 between Mason City and Clear Lake was graded and seeded last spring and is now in excellent condition for the layine of concrete runways The grading provided 500 foot wide turf runways xvhich traverse the field from the four corners and across the middle east and west and along the east side north and south Sunken areas used as borrow pits which lad several inches of water dur ing the summer are now dry This announcement of ovcrn mental appropriation for the Ma sonCity airport is something Ma Cty has hoped for and been This construction will provide City with an important war activity and will make us feel hat we are actually getting into the swing of the war program The Mason City airport land vas purchased in June 1942 and was given the final approval of the plans for a type 3 airport on Dec 1341 Almost immediately plans were set in motion for de velopment of the port Last March bids were taken for he grading which got under way n April and was completed in In August Paul Roberts district engineer for the regional office at sansas City of the civilaeronau ts authority made an inspection or the airport and pronounced it n excellent condition The Cedar Rapids airport will cost and the Burlington development 5650000 Taylor Returns to as Representative f F R to Vatican WASHINGTON of State Hull said Thursday that Myron C Taylor President Roose personal representative at he Vatican is returning to his post despite the fact that Italy and the United States are at war Replying to press conference questions about Taylors future ictivities Hull said he would re ume his mission to the Vatican nd would remain there for a lim ted time Asked if this meant the Italians had granted safe conduct to the residents emissary Hull replied hat would have to be assumed The Vatican state is entirely in dependent of belligerent Italy Buy War Savings Bonds and from your GlobeGazette earner boy ;