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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 16, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IpWAS DAILYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP v BEPAKTMENT HIiJTCKY AN9 ARCHIVES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AlA NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 16 1946 This Paper Consists of Two One No 292 One Man 9s Opinion A Kidio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO City Pm WIAD Qulacr 111 Mon C D S I WOI Ames Wcdntsdiy p m WSUL Citr You Dont Put Out a Fire by Ignoring It T sick and tired of hearing about the atomic bomb And in this youre just like 9 out of 10 of your neighbors Folks generally are fed up on this sub ject not only in America but throughout the par ticularly in Russia Mankinds attitude at the mo ment is not unlike that of the man who yawns and goes on twiddling his thumbs when noti fied that his house is on fire That attitude of apathy never quenches a blaze And this simile isnt overdrawn for the atomic bomb spawned by America is a blaze which not only can but will turn civilization into ashes unless something is done about IT isnt of course that anything new has been learned about the atomic bomb What happened at Bikini lagoon was no more than a predictable result based on what happened first over a New Mexico desert then over Hiro shima and finally over Nagasaki All that was proved at and it WAS proved beyond the shadow of a that the atomic bomb is terrifyingly effec tive against battleships The results were so terrifying in fact that Admiral Blandy commander of Operation Cross roads came back from Bikini urging that the atomic bomb should be outlawed Iowas own Senator Hicken looper who watched the experi mcnt at close range has reported to numerous Iowa audiences that the devastating potential of the Abomb is beyond description He too is a voice for outlawing the weapon Senator Carl Hatch of New Mexico chairman of the presi dents evaluation group which ob served the Bikini blasts is conx vinced that pnly through the abolishment there be any security from atomic de struction ALL of these men of course are thinking beyond the atomic blasts unleashed on the world up to this time Theyre thinking of the ultimate atomic bomb with a power potential 1000 times great er than that of the bombs now on hand The destruction wrought at Bi kini as well as in the previous applications of atomic energy was based on a splitting of the atom With the smashing of the atom that force theoretically at least will be multiplied by 1000 Scientists are agreed that with relation to the ultimate in atomic bombs the present type is com parable with a single candle along side of the most modern fluores cent lighting system BUT even in this primitive form its havoc staggers the imagina tion Hiroshima hit by one bomb more than a year ago is still a dead city Desolation prevails where once a city of 343000 people stood A few modern structures on the outskirts of the blast area still stand but only a handful of Japanese have dared face this doomed patch of earth where so many died Nagasaki is not inclined to re build The blow which smashed this great Japanese port city in a fraction of a second was too stag gering to pick up the pieces and start again Scientists have tested both and Naga found that no radio ac tivity persists But their report has not been accepted by those whose homes and businesses were destroyed MUCH has been written of course about the potential for good in atomic it can be used for motive power to drive our ships and trains and ultimately our automobiles how it can be used to provide both heat and power for our industrial communities and so forth But all of this is so much idle talk until a way is found to keep this fabulous source of power from destroying our civilization That way has not been found yet In deed the progress toward control has been disconragingly slight and slow IIP to this time Its about this aspect of the problem rather than the construc tive potential that Im concerned in this commentary alternatives facing mankind are clear cut and inescapable Either we establish a world con trol with atomic weapons either eliminated or ruled by an inter national authority or we must prepare ourselves for an atomic war which can mean only curtains for civilization At the moment America has pos session of he only atomic bombs in existence or at least we assume that to be true If ij is true we CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 WALLACE STANDS PAT ON TALK 28 YEAR SILENCE Smith World War I veteran regained his speech after undergoing treatment in a veterans hospital His voice was stilled by German shelling28 years ago He is shown with his 73 year old mother Mrs Sarah Smith at Goldendale Wash AP Wire photo Goldendale Wash hair raising ride with a stunt pilot failed to do it and hypnosis had no effect but 51 year old Mark Smith Klickitat county farmer Monday credited sodiumpenta thol the socalled truth serum with restoring his voice lost 28 years ago in a World War I Ger man artillery barrage in France And at the veterans hospital at Vancouver Wash where Smith was treated Dr Ben E Grant commanding officer verified that sodium pentathol was adminis tered and added It was the first case in his knowledge of its use in restoring speech It was good news for Smiths 73 year old mother Sarah too because her eyesight is dimming and she was having increasing difficulty in reading her sons scratchpad notes to her 100 of Jehovahs Witnesses Are Turned Back by Officers Block Meeting Attempt to Prevent Repetition of Violence in Lacona Lacona motorcade of about 100 members of Jehovahs Witnesses was turned away from an attempted meeting here Sun day by a road blockade in which peace officers of 3 counties and 150 special deputies participated The blockade was set up to en force an order of Sheriff Lewis Johnson that there would be no meeting in Lacona Sunday in order to prevent a possible repeti tion of violence which occurred when a group of war veterans and others broke up a similar meeting the Sunday before When the Witnesses were inter cepted at the edge of town Sher iff Johnson said They argued and said they were going to seek legal counsel but they went away peaceably Johnson said spokesmen for the religious group advised him they would not try to hold any more meetings in Warren county with out advising him first The road block was maintained from about 10 a m to 3 p m and afterwards women of the town served a community feed in the American Legion hall for the men who manned the blockade Charles Sellers of Des Moines a spokesman for Jehovahs Wit nesses said the group might bring legal action to protect our God given rights and our constitu tional rights Johnson said the group was barred from Lacona because it had no meeting place and permis sion had not been granted to use the park The Witnesses have asserted that action excluding them from Lacona is an infringement of con stitutional rights of freedom of worship speech and assembly In the altercation a week ago approximately 30 persons suffered minor injuries Seven persons charged by members of Jehovahs Witnesses with assault and bat tery in connection with the melee were acquitted by a justice court in Indianalo last week The op position group whose members described themselves as war vet erans said they opposed the views of the religious group on war Martin and Vincent Pinzon commanders of the Pinta and the Nina in Columbus expedition put up the cash for their ships Isa bella of Spain furnished only a small part of the money needed MAN SMOTHERS IN BURNING BED J Ondrasek 40 single was found dead inbed at his home near here Sunday after the mattress of his bed caught fire Coroner E L Bradley said death was caused by suffocation Ondrasek lived with his parents Mr and Mrs James Ondrasek 3J miles north of Cresco Bis father heard him go to bed about mid night Saturday At a m Sunday the senior Ondrasek smelled smoke He opened the stairway door and tried to go up but the smoke was so dense he couldnt proceed Ondrasek summoned the fire department Firemen went in through the mans bedroom win dow and found the mattress burn ing The man was dead Funeral services will be held at the Assumption Catholic church in Cresco at 9 a m Tuesday Burial will be in the Catholic cemetery atSchley The family lived at Schley before moving to the present home Edward was born in Howard county He is survived by bis par ents and one sister Mrs Leonard Wendl of Cresco 2BIWOT1T IN FEDERAL DEBT Washington of Treasury John W Snyder an nounced Monday that the nation al debt will be reduced by 000000 on Oct 1 The reduction will be effected by paying cash to retire 000000 in maturing shortterm se curities This transaction will bring the national debt down to approxi mately about what it was last Oct 1 This reduction will bring to the amount that the national debt had been cut since last March i It will be in accordance with the administrations policy of re ducing the national debt by re deeming maturing securities in bonds from the treasurys cash balance The cash balance will fall to around balance on Oct 1 CIO Pickets Will Resist AFL Seamen WATERFRONT IN NEW YORK CITY BECOMES TENSE Head of AFL Union Goes Through NMU Picket Line at Harbor Pier New York UR T e ns i o n mounted in the nations most crippling shipping strike in his tory Monday as the striking Na tional Maritime Union CIO promised to resist any attempt by AFL union members to cross their picket lines Joseph Curran NMU president said that the union will intensify the strike all up and down the coast leaving nothing but dead ships We want a peaceful strike Curran told a mass meeting of union members but we will not allow our own members to get hurt when someone iries to cross a picket line Reinforced picket lines were placed before all piers in the na tions greatest port as the shipping strike entered the 12th day Joseph P Ryan president of the International Longshoremens association shouldered his way through one NMU picket line at a New York pier and said that his men would not respect any commy picket At at least 2 New York longshoremen passed through NMU picket linesto unload ships No violence was reported but there were catcalls and boos from CIO seamen Curran strike wSs ef fective in everyport of the nation and that Atlantic and Gulf sea men stood in solid solidarity with west coast unions We tell the shipowners Cur ran said dont allow one drop of our blood to be spilled on this waterfront Few Iowa Counties to Need New Ballots Due to Resignation Des Moines will have to be reprinted in relatively few counties as a result of the resignation last yeek of Supreme Court Justice Frederic M Miller it was indicated Monday The resignation effective Sept 30 will result in both democrats and republicans placing nominees on the ballot for the rest of Judge Millers term Kay Johnson deputy secretary of state asked all county auditors to advise whether their ballots had been printed and said only Polk Woodbury and Montgomery the first 13 reporting had printed them Sioux county had them partly printed Johnson said those counties hav ing requests for soldiers ballots would have to print enough to take care of those requests but should hold up printing the others Girl Rescues Children in Family Fight High Point N Car Ten yearold Barbara Ann Beaton doesnt know about heroism and things like that All she knows is that she broke out some windows and helped her 5 sisters and brothers to safety Sunday When she saw angry flames curling under the door and felt their blistering heat She was able to save Donese 9 Norma Lee 8 and Richard 6 with only minor burns But 4 year old Nadine was so badly burned that doctors at Burri Memorial hospi tal Monday feared for her life Her infant sister Brenda per ished in the arms of their father Robert Deaton a 40 year old High Point painter In an insane fit of rage Sunday Deaton set fire to their home here Holding her painfully burned arms away from her side Barbara Ann told her story Daddy put us to bed Daddy and mother had been fussing Daddy got an axe and a pitchfork and said that he was going to kill mother She ran from the house Daddy was always fussing at mother He fussed when the food wasnt fixed right He was always fussing Choking back sobs she contin ued Daddy brought the gasoline can into the house Then he put us to bed in the bedrooms I knew something was wrong because it was still daylight Police reconstructed the rest of the story Deaton drenched the front of the home with gasoline and lighted it In a few minutes the house was a roaring blaze in which he and the ftabydiod It was then that Barbara Ann smashed the window and went down to the adjoining room and broke that window too She helped her sisters and brothers out Almost hysterical they were standing in the yard when fire men and police arrived The mother Mrs Berlie Deaton ar rived a short time later Coroner Dr W W Harvey listed the case as obviously homicide and suicide Iowa Doctor Pleads Innocent to Charges in Abortion Death Council Bluffs James C Anderson Council Bluffs and Omaha physician pleaded inno cent Monday to second degree murder charges in connection with April 25 abortion death of Marian Blyth Council Bluffs He mads the plea when arraign ed in district court here after Dis trict Judge John Murray over ruled a defense objection Judge Murray set trial for Sept 23 The defense demurrer over ruled by Judge Murray contended that the physician might face double jeopardy in that he was being charged in Iowa for an act that apparently took place in Ne braska Senator Connolly Demands Hands Off Policy in Trieste Paris Tom Con nally replying to Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov Monday demanded the peace conference establish Trieste as a truly Free State independent of both Yugo slavia and Italy Citing the principles on Trieste agreed upon by the foreign min isters council Connally asserted these agreements should be hon ored for the sake of peace Let us make Trieste the sym bol of peace and security in the world the Texas senator urged Connally who is chairman of the U S senates foreign relations committee addressed the Italian political commission He said Trieste must not be merely a pa per state It must be a real state with its own character its own strength its own independence and its dignity The free territory must not be satellite of Yugoslavia on one hand nor of Italy on the other Both Yugoslavia and Italy must accept our settlement in good faith There must be no mental res ervations he declared glancing around the table as if to warn both nations Answering criticism that the American proposal on Triestes government was undemocratic Connally said that under the Unit ed States plan an assembly elect ed by a universal secret ballot would in turn elect the govern ment council The assembly would also draft the citys constitution for security council approval Future customs authority at Trieste should be worked out by the free territory and the United Nations on a longterm basis the senator added explaining that the United Nations might wish to use such revenue to run the city in stead of imposing heavy local property taxes Connallys statement the commission closed its discussion of the statute for Trieste which will now go before a special subcom mittee The commission will take up various proposals on the Trieste areas boundaries at its next ses sion The senator made no reference to the controversy arising from last weeks speech by Secretary of Commerce Wallace on American foreign policy Instead he devoted nearly all his speech to comment on the Trieste proposals made Sat urday by Mplotov and echoed Monday morning by the Yugoslav deputy premier Edvard Kardelj In an hourlong speech Kardelj declared western powers were at tempting to draw a heavy iron curtain around the Mediterranean sea Nylon Shortage Due Again Washington ladies got the bad news Monday that they can expect another hosiery shortage around Christmas For the gents there was a happier note The National Association of Retail Clothiers and Furnishers said a survey showed that a ma jority of clothiers expect increased deliveries ot mens suits dress shirts and other scarce merchandise within the next 12 months A spokesman for the civilian production administration said there were 3 reasons for the prospective womens hosiery shortage 1 The amount of nylon available to stocking manufacturers was cut 15 per cent this month with another cut expected in October 2 Stocking production declined during the summer while many workers were on vacations 3 Demand is increasing now that women who went without hose during the summer are in the market again One bright spot is that production of silk stockings is going up Ford Mercury and Lincoln Automobiles Up 6 Per Cent OPA Grants Increase Under New Hardship Pricing Formula Rule Washington Monday granted immediate retail ceiling price increases averaging about 6 per cent for Ford Mercury and Lincoln automobiles The increases were authorized under a revised hardship pricing formula which also is effective im mediately The agency said the new for mula is available on application to all passenger car manufacturers who are currently in an overall loss position The higher prices on Fordbuilt cars will remain in effect only until March 15 1947 unless ex tended or modified SENTENCE 3 IN CORN DEALINGS Judge Suspends 1 Year Terms of Iowa Men Sioux City defen dants in a black market corn con spiracy were permitted to enter pleas of nolo contendere not con tested Monday in federal court here and were given one year suspended sentences and placed on probation for 18 months by Federal Judge Henry N Graven A 4th man entered a plea of not guilty after XI S District Attorney Tobias E Drummond named him as key man in this and 4 other al leged conspiracies Floyd Byerly of Glidden Iowa Peter Roth of Bredaz Iowa and Arnold Schroeten of Odebolt Iowa were permitted to enter the pleas in which they did not con test the charges Archie Quirk of Odebolt en tered an application for a plea similar to the other 3 but the dis trict attorney opposed the appli cation charging Quirk was the key man in the conspiracy named in the indictment and that he also had participated in 4 other con spiracies involving the same of fense Mr Diamond charged that Quirk had made at least profit which the attorney said Quirk had received from Jerome Schulman of Chicago and from 4 other deals in which Mr Diamond said Quirk had received and for purchase of ing prices corn at abovecell Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Failand continued warm Monday night and Tues day Iowa Generally fair and continued warm Monday night and Tues day Low Monday night 6065 High Tuesday 8690 Minnesota Generally fair Warm and windy Monday night and Tuesday except scattered thun dershowers northwest Tuesday afternoon or night IN MASON CITV GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 77 Minimum 53 At 8 a m Monday 61 YEAR AGO Maximum 65 Minimum 46 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 75 Minimum 50 At 8 a m Sunday 60 Maximum 77 YEAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum 49 PEACE HOPES IN CHINA FADE OUT Government Troops Drive Into Red Lines Nanking troops drove deepening wedges into the Chinese communists YenanKaJgan line of communi cations Monday seeking to isolate the two key cities and peace hopes dropped to near zero Com munist Spokes man Wang PingNan acknowl edged that we may lose this or that city or this or that area but added that we are not worried the government may seize land but cannot win the war against us as long as our troops are intact And the Reds will not discuss any political settlement he reiter ated until Chiang KaiShek pledges an unconditional cease fire order This Chiang has been unwilling to do In an American officer returned from a tour of both red and government sectors of Man churia to predict resumption of civil war there before snow flies CHIANG PROBE BURNING OF IOWA BOY Muscatine C P Phillips and County Attorney Wayne Eckhardt are investigating the death here Sunday night of Robert Beverlin 9 Muscatine fa tally burned Sunday afternoon near a downtown garage Eckhardt and police questioned several boys who were playing with the Beverlin lad and re ported that they had built a bon fire on which a bucket of gasoline drained from a parked truck wad poured Flaming gasoline ignited the Beverlin boys clothing Mr and Mrs Dale Maske West Branch passing in a car saw the boy and attempted to extinguish the flames Mrs Maske suffering burns on both arms She was giv en first aid by the Muscatine emergency unit and the boy was taken to a hospital for treatment Clothing had been burned off most of his body Sioux City Lumberman Settles OPA Charges on Overceiling Sales Des Moines Iowa of fice of price administration Mon day announced settlement of an action charging Gail Dahl of Sioux City with overceiling sales of lum ber Dahl operator of the Dahl Im plement company has agreed to pay OPA said OPA said Dahl operated a re frigerator truck business in con nection with the implement com pany and that trucks were used to haul meSt from Sioux City packing houses to buyers in the Black Hills area of South Dakota loading with lumber on return trips Later Dahl bought a lumber mill in South Dakota OPA said the point in question was whether Dahl was entitled to markups as a lumber operator SECRETARY TO CONTINUE FIGHT FOR HIS VIEWS Statement Heralds Wide Open Split in Presidents Cabinet By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Associated Press Correspondent Washington of Commerce Wallace Monday re affirmed his stand for the softer U S policy toward Russia which President Truman disavowed as administration policy and said he will continue to fight publicly for his views Wallaces announcement appar ently heralded a wideopen split in Mr Trumans cabinet between the commerce secretary and Sec retary of State Byrnes whose aides here and in Paris have made no secret of his bitter opposition to Wallaces ideas Wallace talked with President Truman by telephone immediately before he issued his statement aides said They reported he would see the president probably Tues day but by Wednesday at the latest Wallaces statement given to re porters shortly after he returned to his office from New York said I stand upon my New York speech It was interesting to find thatboth the extreme right and the extreme left disagreed with the views I expressed Feeling as I do however that most Americans are concerned about and willing to work for peace I intend to con tinue my efforts for a just and lasting peace and I shall within the near future speak on this sub ject again Aides at the commerce depart ment acquainted with the nature of Wallaces telephone talk with Mr Trumantold reporters he did not read to the president his state ment He merely told the presi dent they said that he intended to issue a statement The fighting tone of what he had said however was enough to make it almost certain that Mr Truman would have to review at once the whole cabinet crisis aris ing from the split between Wal lace and Byrnes and determine whether Wallace could or could not remain in the cabinet Bearing on this was the fact that before Wallace issued his statement top state department officials iold reporters they as sumed that in view of Mr Tru mans disavowal of Wallaces speech Wallace would feel it bet ter not to make any more such speeches The departments indicated counteraction will be to urge the president to require state depart ment review of any future Wallace talks on foreign policy Persons familiar with Wallaces approach to the problem said they realized the problem was compli cated for the president by domes tic political considerations Wal lace they said is a leader of one wing of the democratic party and has been asked by party campaign managers to wage an active cam paign this fall He intends to do so they said on foreign as well as domestic issues Wallace was represented by aides as having no thought of re signing from his job voluntarily because he does not consider that the situation calls for such especially since Mr Truman rec ognized his right to make the New York speech However if the pres ident sees fit to ask his resignation it was said Wallace will go right on campaigning outside the gov ernment for the kind of foreign policy he wants Undersecretary of State Clay ton spent 15 minutes with Mr Truman shortly after Wallace had talked with the president Clayton left the white house without seeing reporters however and there was no announcement concerning the purpose of his visit At the state department Press Officer Lincoln White told a news conference the department had re ceived not a word from Byrnes in Paris on the controversy stirred by Wallaces speech Asked whether the department might ask the president to restore a wartime rule under which for eign policy speeches by govern ment officials had to be cleared with the secretary of state before delivery White replied No comment Wallace has a talk scheduled Sept 24 in Providence H I be fore a National Citizens Political Action committee but the sub ject matter has not been an nounced 16 Hurt in Crash DubuQue persons were injured none critically when an Interstate Power Co city bus went out of control on the Dodge street hill Sunday night and crashed into the Julien Du buque bridge toil house ;