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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 16, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 16, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COiriK DEPARTMENT OF TORY ARCHIVES KOINES I A inilnmar THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UKTOP BACK SALERNO Veterans Plan Intensive 2Day Bond Drive Twentyfive years ago in than a quarter of a century of the Rainbow division became heroes at the 1st battle of Chateau Thierry which crushed the farthest advance ot the Germans and gave the allies the initiative for the first time MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY Today the boys of the 34th division attached to Gen Mark Clarks oth army are fighting a 2nd battle of ChateauThierrv on the beaches at Salerno fighting bleeding dying to hold the beachhead which will speed the attack on the con tinent Friday and Saturday the boys of the 1st Chateau Thierry are taking Part in the 2nd fight they will Back Salerno With War Bonds Headed by the members of the Mason City Rainbow Veterans as sociation members of Clauscn Worden post of the American Le gion and San JuanMarne post of the Veterans of Foreign Wars on Friday and Saturday are making the 3rd war loan drive to Back the Attack their fight Each of the veterans lias been pledged by the head of hisorgan purchase of a war bond during the 2 either be will buy one or he will sell one Members of the auxiliaries also are being asked to participate The 2day drive will open with a special 15 minute radio program over station KGLO at p m Thursday in which two veterans of the 1st Chateau Thierry will be interviewed and Howard A OLeary head individual so licitation in the county war ii iiance committee will speak briefly Capt Will E Hall commanding officer of headquarters company of the 34th division when it left Mason City in February 1941 and since given a medical discharge and Louis Pion also a veteran of Chateau Thierry with 3 sons in this war are on the interview program Distilleries Denied Permission to Produce Beverages in 1943 Washington of a further cut in supplies of whisky and gin arose Thursday following a war production board decision denying permission to the distilled spirits industry tn produce bever age alcohol for the remainder of The industry hus been producing industrial alcohol solely since October 1942 under WPB orders While industry spokesmen main tained that they had asked no con cessions there has been agitation for n brief holiday so thai the distillers could replenish dwind ling stocks Large distillers now are giving distributors only about 50 per cent of the supplies available to them in 1042 in a move to make existing stocks last as long as possible It is estimated lhal at the present rate of consumption current stocks will be exhausted in less than 3 years A spokesman for WPB Chair man Donald M Nelson said that growing wartime demands tor in dustrial alcohol and the need of increasing the present stockpile of the commodity made it impossible to grant the industry even a brief holiday Loudspeaker Jangled Hi 3 Nerves So He Cut Cable Each Day San Francisco loud speaker in Henry Kaisers Rich mond yard continually jangled the nerves of a 50 year old shipyard worker So almost every day for 2 months he severed the loudspeak er cable he told U S Atty Frank Hennessy Now hes to be charged with de struction of federal property Ceremony to Be Held Here Friday Night Tribute to the boys who were in the battle of Chauteau Thierry and a prayer for victory of the boys of the 34th division fighting the 2nd Chateau Thierry on the beaches of Salerno will highlight a special ceremony Friday eve ning at the Doughboy statue on the courthouse lawn Veterans of the 1st World war and their auxiliaries will be charged at the ceremony with re sponsibility Salerno With Bonds1 and each member asked either to buy or sell a war bond on Friday or Saturday Every member of the veterans organizations and their auxiliar ies will be expected to attend the officers said and the ceremony also will be open to the general public in case of inclement wea ther it will be held in Music hall It is scheduled at oclock B A Webster former state commander of the American Le gion will give a 10 minute address on Back Salerno Our 2nd Cha teau Thierry and Father P J Behan pastor of St Josephs Cath olic church will give the prayer for victory Basil Pappas of the Ahepa lodge will recall the origin of the Doughboy statue and Tyler Stew art will be in charge of the lower ing of the colors at retreat Music will be provided by the Mason City high school band B A WEBSTEU Armed Women Guards Help at R I Arsenal Rock IslaJicI III squad of 14 uniformed armed women guards has been trained to take over the gates and posts in protec tion of the Rock Island The women armed with pislols and instructed in their use were chosen from among arsenal em ployes when it became difficult to obtain the required number of male guards PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONI HOME EDITION uimr NO 293 ALLIES BLAST NAZIS BACK INOFFENSIVE AT SALERNO Renew Air Drive Against Nazis 4 ABSENTEEISM DCS Moincs Orlcn Johnson of Chicago HI member of the American Medical asso ciations council on industrial health told 50 Des Moines plant managers and physicians Wednes day that preventive medicine service in individual plants can reduce absenteeism by as much as of per cent HEAVY RAID ON FRANCE MADE BERLIN BOMBED German Planes Make Severe Assaults on Suburbs of London By CLADW1V IUIX London was bombed Wednesday night in a widespread allied aerial assault which1 in cluded a heavy raid on a vital rubber factory at Montlucon in France and followed evening at tacks on Paris air cralt plants and surrounding French air fields by U S 8tb air force squadrons mak ing their 1st dusk flight II was the 1st attack on Ber lin since the predawn hours of Sept 4 anil presumably was carried out by the RAFs swift mosquito bombers which pum mel the German capital between the saturation attacks by fleets of Jcnsinert erafl Other RAF bombers struck at additional targets in northwest Germany the air ministry an nounced 41miles north west of Vichy was the principal target of the nightflying forma tions which concentrated on a factory supplying much needed tires for Hitlers war machine The Vichy radio said the town of Chartres also was attacked but he British announcement made no mention of this Wednesday nights raid followed by a few hours the 1st afterdusk assault by a combined force ot American flying fortresses liber ators anc marauders which raided the Paris area Here the Hispana Suiza and CatidronRenatiH air craft plants and a ball bearing works were the main targets At he same time German air raiders subjected suburban London In one of its severest bombings jn months The raid on Paris marked Hie 1st lime that fortresses liberators and marauders had joined in the same operation in the European war theater and the 1st time they iind gone out and come home af ter dusk Brig Gen Frederick L Anderson commander of the U S 8th air force bomber command pronounced the experiment a suc cess and presaging the possibility that they would joon team up with the RAF in bombing Europe by nigh Wednesday nights operations cost he RAF 8 bombers and 2 fighters the air ministry said One enemy plane was shot down Although clouds made il dif ficult to sec the results of the bombing at Montlucon the com munique said first reports indi cated that the attack was effec tive While other n i R h t bombers stabbing at Berlin ami northucst Germany RAF fishtcr squadrons attacked en emy air fields and transport targets in intruder operations over France X There was no indication that the Berlin raid apparently carried out by light mosquito bombers was anything like Ihc saturation nt I tacks with loads of 1000 tons of explosives The burst of widespread ac tivity in the past 4 hours ended a lull in the extensive allied air activities against western Europe which followed the climaxof an eishlday n o ns t o p offensive against the continent a week ago The rubber factory at Montiu con is one of the two largest tire plants in France U receives raw materials from Germany In addition to the tire factory H has large steel works makin tanks and guns and chemical and glass factories Axis radio reports indicaled thai the American bombers de livered a real blasting to the Paris area Wednesday evening A Vichy broadcast recorded by the Asso ciated Press said over 400 yards of the Avenue De Versailles are a mass of ruins LINING UP A SWIFT BIRDStudent gunners at Harlingen Tex amuair field inactce holding a lowflying plane in the sights of their unloaded gun Hitlers Faded Hope of Caucasus Oil Toppled London W Russian forces have captured Novorossisk the Black Sea naval base in the Ger man bridgehead of the Caucasus Moscow announced Thursday in a broadcast Premier Joseph Stalin dis closed the capture in a special order of the day recorded here by the Soviet Monitor Russian troops in the northern Caucasus cooperated with units of the Black Sea fleet in the com bined land and sea operation The vital port was taken by storm Thursday after 5 days of fierce fighting dutiny which the Rus sians routed 3 German divisions a Rumanian division and detach ments of German marines Mar shal Stalin announced With the fall of the Kuban delta port toppled Hitlers faded hope of Caucasus oil There was no immediate indi cation how much if anything the Germans were able to save from the Kuban debacle but with the complete rout of the four enemy divisions and inarino de tachments roughly SO000 de seemed liltje like lihood lhat the nazis had been able or would be able to pull much out of the wreckage of the defeat Presumably a small amount of the Kuhan delta remained to he mopped up but Novorossisk was its great prize and the last stroncly defended port H able to thread their way through the Russian Black sea fleet the Germans might yet get some troops out across the Kerch strait to the Crimea by way of the tiny remaining port of Anapa 25 miles northwest Even in the Crimea the fate of any fightins forces saved from the Kuban still would hang in the balance Nazi Sub Told TWA Plane Crew It Was Using Wrong Code Kansas City TWA plane heard a strange radio call 1 day in midAtlantic relates Otis Frank Bryan vice president of Transcon tinental Western Air Inc A clear voice in English ad vised our radio operator the was using the wrong code of the day Bryan And we were using the wrong code The voice was that of a German submarine commander he added Novorossisk Base TROOPS SCORE VICTORY Need 1221000 Men in Military Officials Voice Stern No on Banning Father Draft Washington army and navy will require 1221000 more men during the last 4 months of this year and there are only about 775000 nonfathers available for the draft during that period Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey told con gress Thursday The deficiency of 446000 Her shey testified before the senate military committee apparently must be met from the pool of 3536000 married men of military age with children H Tlie chief of selective service appeared before the committee to sive these statistics after high army and navy officials had voiced a stem no in response to the question whether con STCSS should act to postpone or cancel the planned induction of prcPearl harbor fathers begin ning Oct I V t Hershey stated lhat the Oct 1 draft order was issued because we no longer liad the assurance that in the manpower pool there remained sufficient men to meet our calls fmSeptember October November and December without taking fathers The 3412000 men in class 4F are being constantly reworked Hershey told the committee but he said the possibility of recover ing many physically fit men from this category was slight unless the army and navy lowered present physical standards Neither did he believe he said that any great number could be obtained from the 1713000 de ferred farmers or the 1508000 deferred because of their indus trial occupations without doing damage lo the war effort He asserted that local boards uniler tlie fatherdraft program undoubtedly would Rive thor ouch consideration lo occupa tional deferments for those making a substantial contribu tion to the war effort x During the hearing Senator Wheeler DMont called for a congressional investigation of what he said was wastage of labor in west coast and other war indus tries He was joined rn this re quest by Senator Holman R Ore who told the committee one report by an investigator for the Truman committee had buried1 The navy needs to draft 533000 men to meet its manpower re quirements the last 4 months ot this year Rear Admiral Randall Jacobs naval personnel chief to day told the senate military com mittee which is surveying the necessity for drafting fathers This means selective service will be called upon to furnish upward of a million men by Dec 3J since army spokesmen teslified Wed nesday that inductions will vary from 145000 lo 175000 a month for the rest of 1943 to build up an army of 7700000 men Toinimr these high war de ment officials in opposing pro posed legislation to postpone or cancel plans for drafting pre Pearl Harbor fathers after Oct 1 Jacobs disclosed that on 1 the navy marine corps and coast cuard had 2353209 male officers and men on active iluly plus 35868 female personnel He placed the requirements on Dec 311943 at males and 74297 females for a total of 3009581 and listed the following needs for male personnel from September through Deccmbei September 138618 October November 125274 and December 121274 or a lota of 5323R2 If the navy is to be expected to carry out its mission in this effort and it ships and aircraft now under construction are to be manned it is necessary that these personnel be procured according to schedule1 Jacobs said Jacobs reported that on Aug 1 this year 27 per cent of the navy personnel was manled 116480 officers and 347265 enlisted men and of that group 35 per cent were fathers 40768 officers and 120848 enlisted In response to a question Jacobs stated that a lowering of the draft age from 18 to 17 would increase the percentage of re jections considerably Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cooler Thursday afternoon and Thursday night lowest temperature about 32 degrees with heavy killing frost on lowlands continued coo Friday forenoon Iowa Slightly cooler Thursday night light frost north and cast portions except locally heavy with near freezing north central portion Thursday night war mer by Friday noon Minnesota Continued cool with light frost on lowlands Thursday night rising temperature Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 68 Minimum Wednesday night53 At 8 a m Thursday 44 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum en Reinforced 5th Army Drives Germans Out of Important Positions Allied Headquarters North Africa American 5tli army reinforced by sea and supported by naval guns and a powerful aerial fleet seized the offensive on the Salerno front Thursday and drove the Germans from their positions between the Sele and Colore rivers northwest oE Altavilla Lt Gen Mark W Clark commanding the 5th army praised the splendid achievement of the American and Brit ish forces declared that our beachhead is secure and that side by side with the British 8th army we will advance and occupy Rome Naples and other cities to the north and free Italy from German domination The attack by American and British troops in the center of the SalernoAgropoli bridgehead south of Naples was launched after a penodjjf crisis in which elements of 5 crack German tank and motorized Army British Now Only 39 Miles Away By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters in North Africa British and American soldiers of the 5th army have lashed out at the Germans driving them back from the Sal erno bridgehead and have clinched their foothold in Italy Lt GenMark W Clark launch ed his offensive Thursday morning on the 8th day of the biggest battle yet fought in the Mediterranean and threw the German armored forces back between the junction of the Rivers Sele and Galore north of AltaviIJa in the central sector of the 27mile front Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys 8th army racing northward toward Sapri but 39 miles from the southern an chor of the 5th armys front was mentioned by Clark said in a matter of hours its presence will be felt by the enemy A military spokesman said the Germans were in flight in the Salj erno sector for the first time since the original landings 8 days ago and that Thursday mornings as sault was the first serious offen sive thrust we have been able to divisions threw everything they could muster into a vain attempt to destroy the allied invasion spearhead On Wednesday the enemy counterattack was stopped after the bloodiest fighting of the Mcd gelting on the make since beaches Reinforcements pouring into he bridgehead during the past 48 hours made the drive possible he said Gen Clark toured the fiery arena cheering liccrrimed Tom mies and doughboys with his presence at the advanced posi tions where he told the troops that every soldier must fight to the las and that here must be no withdrawals Casualties in this 7day battle have been the heaviest of any in the Mediterranean fighting At least 4 German divisions been identified in Uie action against the 27mile front and more were being brought up It was probable that as many as five had been employed in the allout effort to smash the allied grip Correspondents With 5th Army Contact 8th Army By RELMAtf IMORIX With the Filth Army in Italy correspondents hive established the 1st contact be tween the fronts of tt Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army ami Gen Sir Bernard t erys 8th army The contact uas made by Daniel De Luce Associated Press war correspondent wlfh Ihe 8th army and 8 British cor respondents who drove across 100 miles of nomans lanrt from the 8th army sector to this front in the Salerno area They were en route 2 days and nitflils far ahead of 8th army patrols without cneounterinjr German forces However they receivcil reports of German ar mored vehicles ahead of them at 1 point Italians they met assisted them in giving them and information about the posi tion of German patrols Actual ciements of the 2 armies have not yet met itcrrancnn war and Thursday the allies swung over to the attack The Germans bcntcn back time after lime by allied coun terthrusts aerial assaults at the rale of 2000 sorties a dav and salvos from warships off the coast withdrew between the 2 rivers as the 5th army at tacked with tanks artillery and infantry The allied forces strikingback with tremendous furv after hav ing been pressed almost to the limit by the attacks pursued the enemy northwest of the town of Altavilla which American Imops originally had taken but had given up earlier this week when the Germans struck The German communique Thursday Iiiely hinted that the Americans REINFORCEMENTS CHECK U S 5th army was reported consolidating after wardingoff vicious German counterattacks with the aid of allied reinforce ments rushed to their akiin the Salerno area The British Kth army was meanwhile moving rapidly up both sides of the Italian boot The allies arc in possession of the isle of ;