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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 16, 1941

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 16, 1941, Mason City, Iowa or toUihi NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY ANQ DCS KOINES It VOL 3ILVII ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS TOU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THI NIWSPAPER THAT MAKtS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Battle on Baltic Russian Torpedo Destroys Axis Supply Ship MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 161941 HOME EDITION MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPKR CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 293 These photographs show the destruction of an axis shin during a battle on the Baltic sea between a convoy of Ger man supply ships and a Russian sea force In top photo a torpedo is launched by a Russian ship We see it striking a German vessel The German ship toppies over on its side and sinks a pall of smoke remainingwhere the suonlv ship had been Windsors to Be Guests of President Roosevelt at Luncheon Sept 25 WASHINGTON Roosevelt will be host at an in formal luncheon Sept 25 for the Duke of Windsor and his Ameri canborn wife the former Wallis Warfield Simpson It will be the duchess first meeting with the president al though her husband has met Mr Roosevelt several times Plans for the informal lunch eon were disclosed by Mr Roose velts secretary Stephen T Early who said it would be incidental to the duftes passage through the United States enroute from his station as governor of the Ba hamas to visit his ranch in Canada NAZIS PUSH DRIVE IN SOUTH Navy Begins Convoy Duties to Iceland MANY GERMAN CITIES RAIDED LONDON if A powerful force of RAF bombers attacked shipyards factories and railways of Hamburg Monday night auth oritative sources said Tuesday Many large fires were reported started in the raid which lasted several hours Other British forces attacked the German ports of Cuxhaven and Williamshaven and the French port of Lehavre From all these operations nine British bombers were listed as missing Bremen again and German air dromes in occupied territory were bombed in he nighl forays an air ministry communique said U S SHIPS TO TAKE ARMS TO CERTAIN PORTS Biddle Ruling Enables Vessels to Go to Some of British Colonies WASHINGTON for action the United States At lantic fleet took under the protec tion of its guns Tuesday all lease lend cargoes in transit on the At lantic ocean between the North American continent and Iceland The zerohour for this new phase of operations was a rn and one widely accepted view in authoritative quarters here was that it meant the start of actual convoy duty by U S naval vessels along a 2000mile stretch of the North Atlantic Literally the new naval policy as enunciated by Secretary Knox was to provide protection as adequate as we can make it in the designated area with all fleet units under specific orders to capture or destroy by every means at their disposal every axis raider encountered With the Atlantic fleet charged uith the responsibility of safe guarding British and all other cargo vessels in the expanses west of Iceland the royal navy could concentrate its efforts on guaran teeing safe passage through the perilous 800Tmile stretch between Iceland and the Brttish Isles In move to ease Britains shipping burdeiis Anief ican merchantmen were giveffc ex plicit permission to carry arms and munitions to many parts of the vast British empire The state department announced a ruling by Attorney General Biddle Monday night which held that President Roosevelts neutral ity act proclamation at the out break of the war in 1939 did not bar American ships from trans porting implements of war to any portion of the British empire ex cept the United Kingdom India Canada Australia New Zealand Union of South Africa and areas blocked by neutrality act com bat zones The effect of the ruling was to clear the way for the flow of munitions in American ships to numerous British colonies and possessions some of them of strategic proximity to theaters of active operations and others of potential future importance Meanwhile administration lead er in the senate conceded they might face a real fight in any ef fort to revamp the neutrality law which prevents American ships from traveling to specific bellig erent countries prohibits Ameri cans from traveling on belligerent vessels except under regulations issued by the president requires transfer of title before goods can be shipped to belligerent nations and bans the arming of American merchant ships The discussion of future changes in the neutrality act would not compete however with the in terest that attached to what was happening somewhere out in the Atlantic At times not announced and along routes unspecified for reasons of military secrecy various units of the fleet shifted from their previous patrol duties to the Srin job of hunting down axis raiders The navy announced mean while that every naval vessel authorized by law had been con tracted for in the creation of the greatest array of fighting ships under one flag the world has ever seen It disclosed also thattwo of the six new 35000 ton battle ships the North Carolina and the Washington bad been add ed to the battle line this month as the first capital ship addi tions to to into the service with the Heel since 1323 This jives the United States 17 battleships in actual service Another 580000000 dread naught the South Dakota was launched in June but has not yet been commissioned and one week from Tuesday a fourth new bat tleship the Massachusetts will hit the water at Quincy Mass A survey of vcssefs building and contracted for reveals astounding progress in accelerated construc tion of the twoocean navy the navy said Thinks Nazis to Keep Out of Navys Way By DEWITT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst This being the day the United States navy starts operating un der orders to capture or destroy raider that so much as casts an eye on lease lend cargoes en route between America and Iceland an editor suggests that I put my selt in H e r r Hitlers place and figure out h o w he will meet this difficult situation Always glad of new ideas still we must beg to be excused from taking the place of any individual who is to all intents at war with our country We dont care much either to be in the uncomfortable position ot tangling with the U S navy for which we have a very wholesome venture to suggest that the fuehrer has too However theres no harm in euessinr what the nazi chief has in mind It would seem more profitable though to take a look at his entire war problem since his action in the Atlantic must be governed to consider able degree by what happens in Russia Much will depend on the Ger man position in Russia a couple of the prewinter weather begins to lay a heavy hand on military op erations fn trying to assay the general war outlook we must keep j in mind these vital points HenHitler likely will have to hold a line through the winter between the Baltic and the Black Seas but if he can bring home his present greal offensive and get himself into a favorable stra tegical position he will be able to maintain his defenses much more easily and therefore will be able to release forces for operations j elsewhere On the oUier hand if the bol shevists can stand the nazis even hold them where they are Hitler will be com pelled to keep a great army in the Russian field and so wilt have to curtail operations else where In order to get himself proper ly set or so it seems to me the nazi leader must capture Lenin grad and what a job that is prov ing to he must maintain at least his present position in the center of the line opposite Mos cow he must capture Kiev and roll the Red forces in the Ukraine clear back to the Don river there by putting himself in position tc make a drive down through the Caucasus to Persia Now while he ultimately may feel compelled to go allout in raiding the AmericanIcelandic route thereby precipitating open fighting with oar warships he has given plenty of indications that he would vastly prefer to avoid a clash which would briny us into the war and un leash our navy on him One would expect him first to try a fresh drive against British shipping as it is coming to Eng land from Iceland He undoubt edly is holding a large fleet of submarines in reserve and when the Russian fighting eases off with the coming of winter he will be able to release bombers i OPPOSITION SABOT AGE OVER WIDE AREAS IN EUROPE GROWS 2nd German Officer Shot in Paris Thousands of Norwegians Arrested PARIS Occupied France A German noncommissioned otficer was shot at here Tuesday after a German firing squad had executed 10 French hostages for attacks on other German soldiers At the same time it was learned that another German noncom missioned officer was seriously wounded Monday night before ex ecution of the hostages The Ger man shot at Tuesday was not hit The assault Tuesday occurred in a subway station Several shots were fired Identity of the Ger man was not disclosed The man wounded was said lo be in very serious condition He was attacked on the Boulevard Strasbourg in the heart of the citys commercial district and near the East sta tion where another German ser geant uounded Sent 3 Two bullets lodged in the Ger mans back Execution of the 10 hostages was announced by Gen Heinrich yon StuelpnageJ commander of the German occupying forces in France They were described as all communists including six SEVERAL NORWAY ARRESTED STOCKHOLM UR Several thousand persons including an estimated 1000 municipal em ployes have been arrested in Nor way since imposition of martial Inw in Oslo it was reported Tuesday The martial law decree and state of emergency was lifted from Oslo Tuesday by action of Josef Terboven nazi gauleiter for Norway y The cancellation ot the drastic martial law regime was made effective at 5 a m and it was ordered that restaurants movies and cafes might reopen at 2 p m It was believed here that the comparatively quiet state of af fairs since the imposition of mar tial laxv was responsible Unfavorable reaction in Swed en and perhaps Finland might also have influenced the nazi au thorities It was estimated that up to 2000 persons had been ar rested in Norway Patriotic labor union leaders had been dismissed and imprisoned Swedish workers had held memorial services for two Norwegian labor leaders whom the nazis executed and Sweden was denounced by Quis lings for permitting the services GREEKS DESTROY ITALIAN STEAMSHIPS ISTANBUL Turkey ports reached shipping quarters Tuesday that Greeks had de stroyed two Italian steamships at Salonika last weekend Italian oc cupation authorities arrested more than 100 persons as the result ac cording to reports and then dock workers declared a general strike Reports from Jugoslavia said guerilla activity had become so dangerous that trains between Belgrade and Nish were now pre ceded by armored cars and that airplanes flew over supply trains to machine gun possible attackers Shah of Iran Abdicates as Reds British Near Capital Intolerable Delay v J S m Ousting Germans Reported by Russians TEHRAN Iran Persia Premier Ali Furughi announced the abdication of Shah Riza Khan Pahlevi to parliament Tuesday as British and Russian troops moved closer to the capital The United Press post in New York heard the British radio say that Russian troops were within 30 minutes march of Tehran where they have a rendezvous with the Brit ish The Shall who will be suc ceeded byhis son Crown Prince Mohammed Riza Pahlevi l has proceeded to Isfahan 210 miles south of Tehran The Shah said poor health was the reason for his abdication United Press Moscow dis patches reported Russian denun ciation of the Shah on the grounds that he had dealt dishonestly with the Russians and British and caused intolerable delay in SHAH OF IRAN ships and harbors Meanwhile ot course the fueh rer is trying to push Japan into the war with the idea of divert ing as much of our navy as pos sible to the far east This effort will be stymied if Washington and Japan reach an agreement in their present negotiations That there will be shooting be tween Yankee warships and nazi raiders there can be little doubt Still many observers feel that if Hitler follows logical strategy he will try to confine his activities largely to operations outside our protected zone and thus avoid war KILLED IN RAH CRASH TOKIO 100 persons were reported killed oipjured in a railway train collision at Aboshi station Tuesday A relief party was sent to the scene of the wreck by the Okayama Traffic Affairs bureau ROME A Giornale dltalia dispatch said Tuesday that Gen Milan Neditsch premier of the Germandominated Jugoslav re gime had announced by radio that effective Wednesday all op position Serbs who failed to re turn to their homes would be destroyed by the Serb people ARRESTED AFTER BOMBS EXPLODE IN ZAGREB ROME official news agency dispatch from Zagreb Croatia said that numerous per sons had been arrested as the re sult of the explosion of six bombs in Zagred Sunday four of them at the telephone building and two at a Croat militia barracks A communique quoted by the agency said one German officer and two enlisted men and several Croat policemen had been wound ed in the telephone building bomb ing and that 12 militiamen were wounded in the barracks bomb As the premier told a special session ot parliament of the Shahs abdication Russian occu pation forces advanced to Karnj 22 miles from the center of Teh ran and British armored forces were advancing from the south towards the outskirts of the cani tal London dispatches said that news ot the Shahs abdication caused great satisfaction in au thoritative British circles The British said that dissatisfaction with the Shahs regime had been growing in Iran The British were represented as sharing popular Iranian desires for constitutional reforms which were described as overdue Some doubt was expressed in London that the Crown Prince would be able to remain on the throne The British were discuss ing the idea of a rcgencv council to rule Iran with great influence being exerted by the premier HOUSEAPPROVES TAX MEASURE Compromise Version to Get Final Action by Senate on Wednesday WASHINGTON The house gnve prompt approval Tuesday to the 53533400000 compromise version of the new defense tax bill clearing the way for final action Wednesday by the senate Without a rollcall vote the house adopted rocommendalions ot a joint senatehouse conference committee which worked out the compromise on changes mnrle in the recordbreaking measure by the senate Flurries of criticism developed against some of those changes particularly the reduction of the individual exemptions from lo for married persons and SBOO to 5750 for single per and the elimination of the requirement that all married per sons file joint income tax returns Representative Crowther R N Y protested that certain pro visions of the bill such as those lowering the exemptions and im posing a S5 annual use tax on passenger automobiles would make the measure an employ ment He snid that lower ing of the exemptions last year had forced the internal revenue bureau to hire 3900 additional clerks to handle the increased number of returns and added that the bureau had reported the pro posed automobile tax would nec essitate 3800 more employes to administer ian Cairo Attack Opens Way CAIRO Egypt suf fered its tirst air raid of the war Tuesday when axis planes bombed the city honvily killing 39 civilians and wounding 93 This apparently opened the wny for British bombing of Rome for the British lastspring warned that bombing of either Cairo or Athens would bring reprisafs against Rome Cairo is a holy city to the Mos lem world much as Rome is to Catholics Although Alexandria site of a British naval bise has been bombed frequently Ciiiro had escaped heretofore and Athens proper was not bombed through out Ihe Balkan campaign Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair and cooler Tuesday night scattered light frosls on lowlands especially peat lands Wednesday partly cloudy IOWA Fair and cooler possibly scattered light frost north Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudy MINNESOTA Fair cooler light local frost Tuesday night Wed nesday partly cloudy IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 76 Minimum Monday night fit At 8 a m Tuesday H Kiin 108 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 53 EXTENDED FORECAST Extended forecast for the period from p m Tuesday Sept 16 to p Saturday Upper Mississippi Valley and temperature will average near normal Minnesota and northern Wisconsin and above normal remainder of dis trict General cooling early in pe riod will be followed by consid erable fluctuation in temperature and cooler by Saturday over northern sections and gradual ris ing temperature in southern sec tions Rainfall will average heavy except moderate in Indiana and southern Illinois coming as show ers last half period and at begin ning in Illinois and Indiana Roosevelt to Accept Huge Gorilla From Free French WASHINGTON Roosevelt agreed Tuesday to ac cept as a gift a huge African gor illa presented by Free French authorities as a symbol of the fer ocity of their fight against naz ism It is the largest and we be lieve the most ferocious gorilla that ever left Africa wrote Gen eral De Larminat high commis sioner of French equatorial Afri ca We are not the largest but we hope the most ferocious group of fighting men engaged in the struggle that is taking place to day Major General E M Watson presidential secretary took the matter up with Mr Roosevelt and replied the president is delighted to accept this gorilla in Ihe fine spirit in which it is offered What will be done with the beast was not disclosed but prob ably it will wind up in the Wash ington zoo It WHS captured in the French Congo by Phillip CarroJI an American citizen who is now on the wiy to this cotinlrv with it CLAIM ADVANCE ON WIDE FRONT AGAINST SOVIET London Views Threat to Donetz Basin War Industries as Grave By UNITED PRESS Adolf Hitlers armies striking eastward from the lower Dnieper river created the gravest threat oC the war to Russias chief indus tries Tuesday and spurred efforts to increase the flow of British and American aid to the red army The German armed forces sparked by the Luftwaffe and the tank units broke bitter Russian resistance at unspecified points on the Dnieper and then advanced victoriously on a broad front according to the nazi communi que The Russians had no com ment but London took a grave view of the advance as a threat to the great Donetz basin war dustries Berlin also reported in a spe cial communique that 18 Rus sian divisions presumably about 270000 men had liccii destroyed or defeated in the Lake Ilmen sector where the red army had been fighting Jii relieve bombed and haltered Iml still unbroken defenses nf Leningrad These developments while not necessarily impairing the ability of the Russians to fight on through the winter indicated that the red army counteroffensive had died out for the time at least U S BRITAIN INTENSIFY PLANS TO SPEED HELP How great the German gains might and how much they may impair the fighting ability of the red armjremained to bedeter mined but in London both Ameri can ami British official uore in tcnsifyini efforts to speed ma terial aid to Russia and to con vince Moscow that no sacrifice would be avoided to bolster the eastern front Britain and the United Slates were understood io have agreed to provide Russia with several hundred fishting planes a month after January and to go halves with the red army on available materials This was said to have resulled from bitter complaints by Moscow over the meager re sults of BritishAmerican aid in Die first tiro months of war Arrangements also were made to facilitate use of the supply route across Iran where British and Russian troops advanced to the outskirts of Tehran Tuesday and forced the abdication of the Shah because his cooperation was slowand hesitant U S NAVAL PROTECTION AROUSES IRE OF AXIS The question of American naval protection for supplies to Britain and Russia continued to arouse bitter comment in Berlin and Rome as a result of the speech of Secretary of Navy Frank Knov saying that all ships would be pro tected as far as the Iceland zone Virginio Gayda fascist editor said the speech made the Tinted States an unequivocal belliger ent and that grave risks were assumed by the American navv while the nazi spokesman said that Knox had gone farther than President Roosevelt dared to go in leading the United States toward war The axis forces made no new threats of retaliation although Germanys intensified drive into the Ukraine as reported by the Benin communique indicated an ouT effort to crack Hie fieri army front before outside aid could be effective 3 NAZI DRIVES ARE LAUNCHED IN SOUTH The German communique did not indicate how far beyond the Broad river which forms a natural barrier to one of Russias richest and most heavily industrialized regions the nazi legions have ad vanced But U called the advance victorious and said that it was launched after German troops in the heaviest kind of fighting had secured a firm foothold on the eastern side of the Dnieper German troops now arc slash ing into the Russian southern front in three dangerous drives Tn addition to the sweeping low er Dnieper advance nazi forces are slicing forward both north and south of Kiev in parallel ad vances which are headed Inward Kharkov at the head of the im portant Don industrial basin and threaten lo trap big sovici forces ;