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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 15, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION umu VOL LVI Associated Press and United PrcsjFul Lease Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 15 1950 This Paper Consists of Two One No Americans Hammer Toward Seoul After Landing MacArthur Directs Attack on Inchon Yanfcs Gain 2 Miles i Higher Tax by Oct 1st Is Assured Congress Decides Not to Delay Bill for Excess Profits Levy By FRANCIS M LE MAY Washington Oct 1 boost in income taxes for more than 50000000 Americans was practically assured Friday be cause congress decided not to de lay the tax bill for an excess profits tax at this time Both the house and senate have declared in favor of passing an excess profits tax later and mak ing it apply retroactively to either onehalf or onefourth of 1950 corporation income So little doubt remains that there will be a mul tibilliondollar levy on big profits and that it will apply to part of 1950 income But its uncertain whether con gress will come back after the November elections to pass such a bill or put it off for the new 82nd congress in January Senate Balks The senate Thursday night after a hot debate refused to join the house in a resolution that called for the writing of the ex cess profits bill as early as prac ticable during the present ses sion of congress The present con gress goes out of existence Jan 3 The senate instead stuck to its action taken previously when it wrote into the general tax bill a provision to take up the retroac tive excess profits tax in January So the matter of timing on that measure remained up in the air but meantime there apparently is no major tax obstacle to an early congressional recess The snag that threatened to de lay final action oh the 000000 general taxboosting bill postpone the effective date beyond Oct eliminated Thursday when efforts to put a excess profits levy in the present bill failed in the bouse Speaker Rayburn ruled it was too late to insert new matter into the tax bill which has already passed both houses in somewhat different forms and now awaits a smoothingout job by a house senate conference committee Byt a 331 to 2 vote the house immediately approved a resolution calling upon the taxwriting com mittees in both chambers to pro duce excess profits tax legislation during the present session retro active either to Oct 1 or July 1 1950 OMahoney Beaten Then the senate fell to fighting over whether to go along It voted to stick by what it already had said on the matter action next AP WIrephoto TEARS OF U S corporal who is out of ammunition and has lost all but two of his squad cries in anger and frustration on the Korean battlefront This is one of a series of pictures taken in Korea by Life Mag azine Photographer Douglas Duncan January DWyo Senator OMahoney moved to reconsider Night Club Hates Told in Churchill Trial Charles City story of night club rivalry is unfolding in the arson trial of Gordon E Jack Churchill 39 References to gambling boot legging and competition for the night life trade in this city of 10277 have been made during the course of the trial The state claims Churchill set the fire which destroyed on Oct 17 1947 an expensive night spot being built by Donald and Wesley Hobert Churchills motive the state says was that he didnt want big league competition for the Castle club which he operated The defense denies all this Churchills lawyers say he couk not have set the fire because he was elsewhere at the time They picture the defendant as the vic tim of men who had said they would get even with him Testimony Conflicts A jury of 8 women and 4 men in district Judge Tom Boynton court is hearing the conflictinj testimony The jury has been seg regated for duration of the trial ndirectly in the current arson rial Key state witnesses include Wil iam F Cahill Charles City car penter R T Hargrave former hickasaw musician who came rom Del Rio Texas to testify the Hoberts and Monica Smith The state completed its testimony Thursday Offered Suggestions William F Cahill told the jury Churchill had remarked that the Hobert club would put him out of business and that Churchill offered him to burn it down Cahill said he refused the offer but that he did provide Churchill with an excelsiorfilled cardboard box and suggested it be used with denatured alcohol and a candle After the fire Cahill testified Beardsley Denies Order to Buy Liquor Des ftloines William S Beardsley Friday entered a liquor controversy over stockpil ing of a littleknown brand of whisky by denying he hud any connection with the affair The governor said flatly that he had not directed the commission to purchase heavy supplies of one particular type of whisky for sale in state liquor stores One of the republican members of the com mission had contended that Beardsley suggested the purchase involved Arthur Coburn the liquor com mission chairman said the com mission bought a quantity of whisky as a reserve against the time when there may be a liquor shortage Coburn made the statement in reply to a charge by state demo cratic headquarters Thursday that the commission has on hand enough of a certain brand of whisky to last 13 years Claims Normal Stockpiling The governor said stockpiling various types of liquor in gen eral without emphasis on any particular brand is just a gen eral business operation All types ot business prepare against special contingencies or emergencies that may arise Beardsley said I never have given directions to anyone to make a purchase of any particular kind of liquor Coburn said democratic head quarters obviously was shooting at commission purchase this year of 2300 cases of a brand of straight Bourbon whisky known as Old Hector The whisky was bought from the M S Walker Co of Boston a relatively small firm with which the commission spent in 194950 Most of the purchase Coburn explained is to be held as a re serve against a time when there may be a whisky shortage Coburn said at the current rate of sales the supply of Old Hec tor would last 6 years and two months The commission sold 17 cases of Old Hector in 5ths and 216 cases in pints during August Charges Beardsley Influence George L Scott a republican member of the commission ap NORTH KOREA fjfSfJ vV f Vv Chuinnniin YQNGDQK SOUTH KORCA XKUNSAN this decision He was beaten 36 to 34 The housesenate conference committee already at work in formally now will seek to iron out differences between the 2 cham bers in the general tax bill This 1st installment tax bill Intended to help pay for the Ko rean war and American arming against further communist aggres sion provides 1 A boost In Individual income taxes effec tive Oct 1 On that date unless the bill hits an unexpected snag the present 15 per cent with holdings from wages and sal aries after personal exemptions will be increased to IB per cent This means that most peoples income taxes will rise by about onefifth or 20 per cent of the present amount 2 A boost of a year in normal corporation taxes The increased load on corpora tions would cover onehalf of 1950 Income 3 Various other tax law change Intended to pick up more mil lions Some of these signed to plug loopholes in pres ent in controversy with some members contending that the changes would open loophole wider than before and favor rich taxpayers Churchill who wore a green sports shirt as the trial got under vay has 3 Sen eff and Robert Bliss both of SAME 370 mtani no traffic dealh i 21 heart Vlason City andWeston E Jones E Charles City County Attorney Alfred A Beardmore is the prosecutor Jens Grothe of Des Moines is a special assistant for the trial Although the fire occurred in he fall of 1947 Churchill was not ndicted until last February In the intervening months he was he key figure in several develop ments The Hoberts filed a civil suit against him They said he set fire to their near ly completed club 2 miles west of Charles City on highways 18 and 218 Files Paternity Suit Monica Smith of Nora Springs who formerly worked for Chur chiU at the Castle club filed a paternity suit against him She charged Churchill was the father of a daughter born to her Dec 27 1947 This suit filed Oct 13 1949 later was settled out of court In November 1949 a state high way patrolman arrested Churchill for speeding In a search ol Churchills car he found a 32 cal ibre revolver in the glove com partment Churchill paid a fine for carrying a concealed wea pon He said he carried the Run for protection because a Chicka saw county car had twice forccc his own machine into the ditch Shortly after his arrest at Nashua Churchill announced he was leaving town Then on Dec 1 1949 he reported a shotgun blast from a passing car had shattered a window in his home located near the Castle club at the west edge o Charles City Churchill said he was talking long distance to hi wife at the time Some of these side developments already have figured directly or Churchill told him Billy you knew what youre talking about when you said that would burn The defense claims Cahill once was a poker dealer for the Ho berts when they ran a gambling place within the shadow of the sheriffs office Musician Hargrave onetime leader of Rustys Cedar Valley Cowboys testified that before the fire Churchill told him the Hobert club would be stiff competition and that he would torch the SOB before it would ever open Hargrave admitted he had boot legged whiskey from his garage in Chickasaw and that he had served 5year prison terms for larceny nd robbery with aggravation Monica Smith testified the Castle club closed about 2 a m he night of the fire She said Ihurchill was there when she left Two witnesses have testified they urned in the fire alarm about a m As the defense began its parade of witnesses testimony that Churchill was at the Castle club as ate as a m the night of the ire and that Hargrave had voiced hreats against Churchill was in troduced AP Wirephoto WHERE ALLIES HIT BEHIND ENEMY LINES Large arrows show where United Nations forces have landed behind North Korean lines in South Korea U S marines and infantry pushed ashore at Inchon 1 and drove 2 miles into the city The beachhead area is about 150 miles from the southeast front South Korean marines hit the east coast 2 in the PohangYongdok area at 3 places South Korean officials reported another al lied landing at Kunsan The U S S Missouri shelled redheld port of Samchok pointed by former Gov Robert D Blue says Gov William S Beardsley influenced the com mission to put the brand on sale Minutes of an April 18 1950 commission meeting show that Coburn and Russell F Swift democratic member of the com mission voted to add Old Hector as a new listing on liquor store boards Scott voted in opposition and inserted this statement in the records It is the business of the com mission and not the governor to decide new listings This not be ing done shows favoritism and discrimination as many other companies have applied for new listings and they were not given consideration Coburn who joined the com mission July 1 1049 asserts the governor had nothing to do with the purchase from the M S Walker Co Believe Enemy Overextended Lines Brought New Invasion Iowa October Draft Call Is for 859 DCS Momes selective service officials said Friday the countybycounty quotas of men to meet the call for 859 lowans in October are about the same as those for September The Septem ber call was for 860 lowans The state has been called upon to furnish 1179 men in November 66 Highlanders Leave tor Korea Lyneham Airfield England Sixtysix highlanders the 1st reinforcements for British troops fighting in Korea left in 2 planes Friday for Japan Most of the men were volun teers and nil were in high spirits The flight by way of Singapore and Manila will tnke 8 days Reefs Throw Soldiers Into Roaring Flame By WILLIAM JORDEN With U S 2nd Division Korea S soldiers testified Friday at least 3 of their buddies were thrown into a roaring fire by their North Korean captors on the west ern front recently The grisly tale of this latest in a series of red atrocities against American prisoners came to light during a U S 2nd division Inves tigation Friday The Americans were captured when the reds overran an advance command post the night of Aug 31 The American position fell during the 1st communist drive that rocked United Nations de fenders back on their heels A number oC witnesses told the army inquiry board they saw their fellow soldiers some of them wounded thrown into a roaring fire which apparently had been built for that purpose AUTOTRUCK DEATH Davenport R Van Skike 55 DeWitt carpenter is dead and William A Hildebrand Des Moines truck driver seriously injured as a result of an auto truck collision at Kimberly road and Brady street shortly before 2 p m Thursday General Electric CIO Agree on Terms Washington The CIO Electrical Workers and General Electric company Friday agreed on contract terms to end a strike of 40000 workers threatening to spread throughout the com panys 116 plants By HUGH BAILLIE President of United Press Korea Douglas Mac Arthur is known to believe that the enemy has made a fundamen tal mistake in extending his sup ply lines in Korea until they are dangerously thin and of this he intends to take full advantage Hence the amphibious landings in Korea MacArthurs judgment is that the enemy made two big mistakes At first he permitted himself to suffer delays due to a lack of knowledge of the actual Ameri can and South Korean strength When confronted by small forces of Americans in the early days of the war he hesitated and spread out in a wide front where as a column of tanks followed by trucks carrying infantry could in the 1st few days have pierced directly through to Pusan The small forces we were able to put in so quickly provided the neces sary holding action which cost the enemy his plan of quick occupa tion of Southern Korea This was his 1st mistake 2nd Mistake His 2nd mistake was in extend ing his supply lines to their pres ent attenuated length MacArthur appears just as full of gusto and invigorating drive as he was in 1945 at the crest of vic tory Now 5 years later with another war on his hands which he has gone into the field to di rect personally he seems to pnck as much punch as ever Naturall he shows some slight strain since he has been sweating it out iv Korea since June 25 conducting one of the longest and most suc cessful goal line stands in all mil itary annals Since the American plan hac been to abandon Korea if invadec the whole MacArthur campaign to save the country from commu nism had to be improvised anc extemporized with the limited number of troops then available with growing air and sea super ority plus the training of Soutl Korean recruits w h o now an seen marching manywheres sing ing and looking happy in thei new uniforms The enemys inital advance were made through using infiltra tion tactics similar to those whicl resulted in the fall of Singapore which astonished the world plu the mass artillery fire from tanks Human Supply Lines Supplies were kept flowin through the ageold Asian custom f human burden bearers who ept relentlesssly going forward isually in the nighttime many housands of people of all ages cting as trucks weapon carriers luman camels and burros Our style of modern warfare proved unsuitable to dam this lood until we learned the tricks by tough experience The enemy is masterful at ca mouflage Sometimes a parade of houses moving down a road has been un nasked as tanks Individual Ko soldiers wear lacings over heir caps for arraying their heads with bushes They move like vraiths but now we are getting icp with trip wires and neckhigh wires to bring them down as they sneak around our positions Troops in the line who have een working 24 hours daily 7 clays a week accumulating plen ty of overtime and most of whom ivould appreciate having their oc casional beer if its possible to get it up to them have now solved most of the North Koreans artful practices and have become vet erans of this style of warfare The North Korean troops who appeared earlier in the proceed ings were said by one general to be ns hard to deal with as the Germans This original army is now pretty well exterminated This force and that which suc ceeded it was plenteously aided by the irregulars or simple peasants who sneaked around rear areas A simple agrarian with a burp gun can be a dangerous animal as the bulletriddled bodies of Americans make manifest One of our own generals in the field said he himself was sur prised at the formidable character of the communist attack This campaign has had all sorts of as pects with some elements ol Bataan some of the Alnmo anc some of Custers last this time we win Wily Enemy It takes a lot of stuff to lick these wily men in slippers Some times they seem to survive a tor rent of fire and bombs that woulc make a shambles of a town like say Greenwich Conn The instances of individua heroism are numerous such as the British patrol leader who wounded ordered his men to leave him behind to the mercy o the enemy so the rest could re turn safely with the information they had gathered The logistics of this campaign will make books for future West Pointers as the full saga of how we brought the stuff in and took the wounded out all across water will live forever In Taegu you sleep with a pis tol near your hand and you are lulled by the not so distant mumbling of battle Many soldiers ask what about he folks back home Are they nterested in whats going on out here Not much pushbutton around here hey reporter S Koreans Hit Behind East Front Strike at Capital Port Attained With Minimum Casualties Tokyo AP American marines and infantry stormed ashore at the big Korean port of Inchon Friday 165 miles behind the lines of the North Korean communists in a bold nutcracker operation intended to crush the life out of the red invaders The Americans k ni f ed quickly eastward towards Se oul the red held capital 22 miles inland General MacArthur United Nations commander who per sonally supervised the assault called Seoul the key to the whole enemy machine Were going to try seize that distribution area he told correspondents aboard shjp When the enemy is caught between two wings of our forces his forces will sooner or later disintegrate and cease to be a coordinated fighting army The North Korean radio said the Americans already had advanced half the dis tance to Seoul or 11 miles There was no confirmation Allied reports said they had driven two miles into Inchon in the 1st smash Losses Negligible Covered by bombardments from British and American warships the marines landed a m The navy said the marines suffered only negligible losses Eleven hours later the U S 10th army corps went ashore led by tanks Back in Tokyo the Satur day morning Korean war sum mary made no mention of the amphibious landings but de tailed moderate gains for al HOTJSING BILL PASSES Washington The senate passed and sent to the house Fri day a bill to provide 8120000000 11 emergency war housing lied forces on the old beach head perimeter in the south east General MacArthur himself was off Inchon touring the difficult mudflat and sea wall landing areas in a launch while naval gunfire screeched overhead He declared The navy and marines have never shone more brightly than this morning Later he said the deep amphib ious penetration might break the backbone of the Korean red army South Korean marines landed at the same time on Koreas east coast These coordinated thrusts deep in red territory were the kickoff of Ihe longawaited United Na tions offensive Tide Is Turning This was the day of turning Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with occa sional showers Low Friday night 45 to 50 High Saturday 60 to 65 Iowa Cloudy Friday night and Saturday with showers in west r and extreme south Somewhat d ming af or a series of bit cooler Saturday Low Friday night 45 to 50 north 50 to 55 south High Saturday 60 to 65 north 65 to 70 south Further outlook Slow clearing with temperatures continuing well below normal Sunday Low Sat urday night 46 to 52 High Sun day 58 to C8 Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook Temperatures will average 2 to 5 degrees below normal Normal high 73 to 77 Normal low 49 to 53 Cooler Saturday Warmer Monday Cooler again Tuesday Rainfall will average onehalf to 1 inch occurring as rain Saturday and again Mon day or Tuesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy and continued cool Friday night and Saturday Occasional light rain southwest portion Low Friday night 3642 north 4248 south high Saturday 5055 north 5560 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 73 Minimum 43 At 8 a m 58 YEAR AGO Maximum fii Minimum 46 terlyfought allied withdrawals that began with the tankled North Korean assault across the 38th parallel June 25 Since that time in a country slightly larger in area than Utah the allies had been shoved south ward on the mountainous penin sula into a box beachhead on the southeast The beachhead had shrunk to an area roughly 50 miles wide by 70 than Connecticut It was some 165 miles to the northwest of this beachhead that MacArthur was throwing his main counterpunch With warships slamming heavy shells into concealed red shore positions the marines landed on Wolmi island It Is connected to Inchon proper by a halfmile causeway Fire Rockets Carrier planes slammed rockets at the shore guns too but the marines still were under heavy fire But they planted the Amer ican flag on Wolrnis highest hill within 32 minutes after landing A general headquarters com munique said the stronglydefend ed island was captured with a minimum of casualties The infantrymen were held back to take advantage of Inchons exceptionally high tide At p m a m they went ;