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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 15, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL UD AjMduM fttm tai United Piw Full Lenea Cento a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 151947 Thl of Two No 289 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Hum City m WTAD Quinty Tvatey m WOl AIHM UiM WSUl low Cltj TbnnilJ ItsU WiCX La Crosje Sattdmy p m Our Most Beneficial Insect the Honeybee tlTHILE thumbing through my W copy of a volume to which I have made previous reference in my visits with you A Century of Farming in Iowa I came upon a chapter titled Bene ficial Insect It was written by F B Paddock state apiarist and member of the Iowa State college staff It was the story most Interest ingly told of the bee industry in our state from the days of the arrival of our first settlers until the present Although the bee isnt native to America it nad found its way to the Missouri river as early as 1797 Because wild flowers the source of their sustenance existed in pro fusion and because hollow trees made congenial homes for them bees multiplied in the days when Iowa was being settled Honey was a principal delicacy of our frontiersman AS A matter of fact bees became important enough in the earlyday scheme of things to provoke a heated boundary dis pute between Iowa and her neigh bor to the south Missouri In his tory its known as the Bee war The disputed section in the strip lying south of Ottumwa was known to havemany bee trees One summer evening Mr Pad dock recalls a Missouri fanner harnessed his oxen invaded the no mans land chopped down 3 bee trees and pulled them back across the line into Missouri Ultimately troops were ordered out on both sides while Missour ians taunted their Iowa neighbors by boasting how tasty the stolen honey had been The supreme court in 1849 ruled that the bee tree strip belonged to Iowa FROM such beginnings the honey industry has grown to really sizable proportions Spe cially designed biyes built along apartment houselines have sup planted hollow treesasthe tesi dence for bees and scientific methods have been introduced to increase honey production and combat diseases among the bees Bee growers have banded themselves together in the area about Sioux City in oneof the largest cooperative marketing agencies in the United States with an extensive interchange of queen bees among the members Sweet clover has replaced white clover wild flowers and basswood blossoms as the source of nectar In a dozen other ways the by guess and by gosh has been taken out of honeyproductionNo IOWA TRAFFIC DEATH TOLL 377 PRICE OF CORN Boy 14 Held HITS ANOTHER ALLTIME HIGH Government Launches Nationwide Attack on Soaring Living Costs By UNITED PRESS The price of corn hit another alltime high Monday on the Chi cago board of trade as the govern ment opened a nationwideattack on high prices Quotations on most other grains rose at the big exchanges The increases came as the agri culturedepartment announced at Washington that Americans would have to eat less if the world is to be fed this winter September corn sold for a bushel 2 cents over the prev ious record set last Thursday Wheat futures prices increased 7 to 10 cents a bushel September wheat hit a bushel only3 cents under the record set Thursday December wheat last sold 4 cents under the all time high The July wheat contract was the only one which increased the full 10cent limit It went to a bushel Choice beef steers sold for 53560 hundred pounds at the Chicago stockyards setting a new record for the year The previous 1947 record of was set last Wednesday Hog prices also increased Choice pork chops on the hoof brought per 100 pounds ap proximately 25 cents over Satur day and only under the na tional alltime high set at Sioux City Iowa last Wednesday In another development al Washington Attorney General Tom C Clark disclosed that he had directed U S district attor neys to campaign in their own dis tricts against possible collusive pricing agreements which boosi living costs Clark said be had suggested that the district attorneys invite indi viduals to bring in evidence 01 conspiracies to increase prices The antitrust division already had started a broad attack on any possible conspiracies among pro ducers in costofliving fields such longer is business it a nickel and dime as housing food house furnishings clothing and BUT not the only value realized from the bee industry is in the form of honey The lowly honeybee unknown to most of us is playing an important role in general agricultural production by reason of its services in the pollination of fruit and the pro duction of seed especially legume seed The need for bees for fruit pollination is not as great in Iowa as in states where commercial orchards bulk larger But in the current program to step up pro duction of legume seed such as alsike clover as a basis for a bal anced agricultural program they are essential By increasing the number of bees it has been found possible to increase the yield of alsike clover seed from 16 bushels an acre to at least 8 bushels Tests have revealed that of alsike flow ers upllinated in a field 15 per cent were by bumblebees 3 per cent by other insects and 82 per cent by honeybees PROMPTED by this absorbing story about bee culture in Iowa I decided to do a little more reading about what Mr Paddock referred to as mankinds most beneficial insect Ive found it as unbelievable any novel I ever read For one thing I learned that while most of us are familiar with only 2 kinds of honey bee and the fam ily known as Apoidea to natural ists actually contains more than 5000 species Ownership of 4 wings is the one distinguishing mark of the bee family The eyes of the bee are large and is made up of hundreds of little eyes It is Believed no other insect has better sight When a bee takes a beeline from some distant place lo its hive it is believed to be fuided by sight rather than by some other sense I about the bee that can be physical not its most amazing attributes While most of the 5000 species of bee live a solitary life the honeybee and the bumblebee are colonizers ex ercising an instinct which borders mighty closely on intelligence It probably can be said that no CONTINUED ON PAGE Z As scattered organized consumer resistance to high prices increase across the nation locals of the CIO United Auto Workers union a Detroit authorized additional un ion stores to sell groceries to mem bers at cost Several unions were plannini to set up the grocery stores ant 2 locals planned to establish per manent super markets BOY DIES FROM BURNS IN PLAY Strapped to Davenport Ignited by Playmate Council Bluffs Paul Miller 11 died Monday o burns suffered when a davenpor to which he was strapped whil playing prisoner was ignited b an accidentally thrown match Police Charles his brothers Edward Jr 9 and Jerry 6 and friend Jerry Foutch 11 wer taking turns Sunday strappin each other to an old davenpor in the Millers back yard While Charles was tied to th davenport with 2 belts his brother Jerry lighted a match and tossec it free when it burned his finger and the match fell on the moha and burlap sofa which quickl ignited police related Charles screamed as he a1 tempted unsuccessfully to extri cate himself His mother Mr Edward Miller Sr finally free him There were 2nd and 3rd de gree burns over much of the boy body BUT the things LOOK INS IDE Bliss Says Marshall Plan Would End Surplus Fears See page 5 Band of 24 Fugitives Crossing Ocean to U S See page 2 Name Drake Instructors Des Moines Luthi W Stalnaker has announced ap pointment of 2 members to th faculty of the Drake University College of Liberal Arts They ai Boris G Alexander Hot Spring Ark assistant professor of soci sciences and James W Hoba Oak Park 111 instructor in Eng lish or Slaying Companion 11 Newark N 3 14 year d parochial school student was eld Monday for the slaying of an year old companion whom the BI said he admitted garroting ith a leather belt in an aban oned warehouse because he anted to prove himself no sissy The FBI said the boy Fred Wal r Smigelski signed a statement lling how he had planned to kill meone to assert his superiority the face of his mothers contln al demands that he wash dishes ust furniture and do assorted ousehold chores Smigelski was held without barge at the parental home in ayonne The body of the younger boy ohn Preston Jr of Kearney was 3und Sunday in the old ware ouse in nearby Harrison a leath r belt tightened about his neck nd several gashes on his jchest nd wrist The statement quoted migelski as saying he selected e Preston boy as his victim be ause he was certain he was weak r than himself and could be sub ued easily The FBI said the boy admitted 16 slaying after he had been rought to headquarters here by is father Walter Smigelski a ithe operator whose suspicions ad been aroused by a copy of a idnap ransom note found by Mrs migelski Sunday morning in the ocket in one of the boys trou ers A similar note crudely scrawled nd asking ransom had een received by the victims par nts Mr and Mrs John Preston r in the mail Saturday morning ome 12 hours after the boy was eported missing If you want your son black alive you get 1000 one thous the ote said Bring a clean shirt aints shoes underwafe and i supporter a small one tl will fit him tight he lias a sligh ase of rupture we did it hel ave worst if you dont do as we ay dont trust anyone wrap every iing nice in a paper bag the 100 and clothese you see a boy stand n First St and Sussex st there will be a boy there hell know othing he just a hired boy do as any questions give to him don o to the police or well kill him ust do as we say cross up crambled lines followed crosse jut and illegible one one of these fives words and you have his body or nothing Dont ask the boy any question ust give it to him at 4 oclock Monday afternoon 4 bells p m and you have Jacie back at 6 p m no funny stuff On the other side of the pape were the following You know the byby shirt just an underware shirt Do as w say or else The father of the Smigelski bo said he waited for his son as h came out of church Sunday morn ng and confronted him with th cidnap note found by his mother The boy told conflicting stories police said the father told them As a result the father took the bo with him to FBI headquarter here Mob Violence Sweeps Over Free Trieste Trieste UR An exploding grenade killed one person and an other was shot to death Monda raising to 3 the fatalities in wave of violence sweeping th free territory of Trieste on Natal day The Piazza Del Unita wa jammed with a restive mob whe the grenade was thrown appar ently without aim Shoutin thousands rushing toward the sii streets effectively covered th thrower One of 4 bullets fired from window in a separate burst violence killed a Yugoslav A 12 yearold girl was killed Sunday b a mysterious burst of machinegu fire Some 50000 persons milli through downtown Trieste Mon day night fighting each other a frenzy of nationalism Grenad were thrown in the crowded cen tral square US CALLS FOR RUSSIA TO EASE USE OF UN VETO Issues Challenge to USSR as Leaders Meet for General Assembly New York The United tates indirectly challenged Rus a Monday to cooperate with the nited Nations or face a world udgment that none can veto The challenge was couched in meaningful diplomatic language nd came as an array of world aders converged on New York or the opening Tuesday of a cru al session of the United Nations ssembly Obviously referring to Russias se of the veto in the security ouhcil Secretary of State George Marshall said in an address unday that members of the Jnited Nations have by no means xhausted the potentialities of the larter in finding ways and means f overcoming obstruction and of leeting their common problems We find it difficult to believe e said that members of the or anization would deliberately seek o destroy its structure nce in acts of aggressfcn or by bstruction of a nature to paralyze ic principal organs of the organ zation At Tarrytown N Y John Fos Dulles a member of the V S elegation to the United Nations assembly said that every govern ment now realizes if it goes gainst a strongprevailing moral udgment it may suffer grevious entitles It has never expected that the ecurity council could act deci ively when great powers were on pposite sides Dulles said It was expected that even under these conditions the U N could work tor peace byrequiring every mit to a public judgment which none could it would be he conscience of the world In Baltimore U N Secretary General Trygve Lie said it was not the big powers butthe former colonial peoples who perhaps are he greatest potential threats to world peace Astonishing as it may sound the most important big powers are distinctly closer to each other than hey were in the 20s Lie said Some of the problems have been taken in hand by the former col onial peoples through nationalistic movements for liberation Here lerhaps lie the greatest possibil ities for conflict today Although Marshall did not di rectlly mention Russia during his speech to the American Associa tion for the United Nations he did single out her satellites and ob viously had the Soviet Union in mind as he referred time and again to obstruction in the se curity council where Russia has exercised 18 vetoes Composer Dies Taking Bow Tipton Muscatine Moose lodge band was giving a Sun day concert here The band had just finished playing one of the compositions of Harry B Thompson 71yearold Muscatine composer Strains of From Hand to Hand a march composed by Thompson and dedicated to his good friend Armand Hand a prominent Chicago musician had faded away when Thompson arose to take a bow Amid the applause that followed Thompson crumpled to the floor The ex citement had been too great he died of a heart attack Considered an outstanding drummertypanist and arranger he was wellknown in eastern Iowa as a composer and had written several marches for the American Legion Drum and Bugle Corps During his younger days he played with such outstanding musical organizations as the bands of John Phillip Sousa and Roger Pryor Urge Voluntary Rationing of Food to Avert Europe Famine Agriculture Official Dodd and Harriman Make Appeal for Cut Washington cabinet level officials proposed Monday that Americans cut their food consumption so that more can be sent to faminethreatened Europe Undersecretary of Agriculture Norris E Dodd told a news confer ence here that such voluntary ra tioning appears to be the only way to prevent widespread want and resulting collapse of friendly governments in Europe In Cleveland Secretary of Commerce Harriman made a sim ilar plea in an address to a Cham ber of Commerce luncheon He said too that if chaos comes to Europe the communists will seek to seize power and hold it per manently through police states The timing of the 2 appeals ap peared to indicate that the admin istration plans to rely first on voluntary means rather than seek ing new controls to stretch food supplies to meet needs at home and in Europe Such an approach could mean also a lessening of pressure for a special session of congress to deal with the food and fuel emergency which high officials have said is confrontintEurope A decision on the special be w to President TrupanupltriTils return to Washington this week On the pointof government con trols which wouldmeanmanda tory Harriman said he doubted adequate controls could be established in time to be effective during this crop year Only congress could order them Dodd said the voluntary ration ing should perhaps take these forms 1 A reduction by housewives in the purchase of livestock pro ducts such as meats milk butter eggs and poultry 2 A reduction by farmers in Sports Bulletins RED SOX LOSE YANKS CHAMPS NemYork New York Yankees once again established as one of baseballs great dynasties won their 15th pennant Monday sitting by idly in club house while the Chicago White Sox topped the 3rd place Red Sox at Boston 6 to 3 New York sched uled nontitle fight between Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis andJersey Walcoit of Camden J was scrapped Monday and instead the 2 will meet in a championship 15 ronud bout at Madison Square Garden Dec 5 Bull Fighter Killed Lisbon Portugal ito widely known Mexican bull fighter whose pseudonym means little butcher died Monday at a hospital in Villa Vicosa after being gored by a bull in the ring Sunday Boy Finds Parachuting Rough Newport Beach Cal at least to most every boy comes the day when he decides hell take a shot at defying gravity Marge Hammer says her son Richard Reicher 12 did it up right The conventional umbrellafromahonsetop method wasnt for him She said he strapped a war surplus parachute to his shoulders Sunday climbed to the top of a 200foot radar tower near the New port Beach high school and was carried into space by the billowing chute when he pulled the rincord Richard reported that the start was fun but the jolting landing which bruised most of his body made him decide that once was enough To make sure of this Mrs Hammer cut the parachute up and is making it into a nyloa dress feeding of grain to livestock par ticularly the use of less wheat for feed Dodd who is acting as secretary in the absence of Secretary An derson from Washington suggested voluntary rationing at a news con ference He said that the govern ment does not have the power to impose formal rationing or restric tions on use of foods and grains Prob Report of Kidnaping at Keokuk Monda were investigating a rep or by a group of schoolboys that they had seen a 6 or 7yearold gir carried off by a man who put her in a car trunk and drove away about oclock Monday morn Chief Louis Atkins era phasized however that a prelim inary check of the Keokuk are had disclosed no girl missing Chief Atkins said 4 youths aged 6 8 10 and 12 came to th police station and reported following incident They were on their way school and were on the Middl road about a mile north of th city when they saw a little gir with pigtails The man went to the rear of hi car they said took out a tire pu the girl inside and then put th tire back in He closed the trun and drove off At Fort Madison Lee Count Sheriff Harry V D Mass said h also had heard of the repor through police channels but tha no missing girl had been reporte to him either Atkins quoted the boys as say ing they did not recognize Ih girl Maas added that the car bear ing the license number listed b the boys had been and eliminated from considera tion th Esther Williams Docked Hollywood Esther Wi liams suffered a broken left ea drum while swimming for an ui derwater scene at her studio Fr day Ben Gage her husband sa Monday Gage said she will hav to keep to dry land for sever days but that it is not believed th hearing in the ear will be los NORRIS DODD Food Rationing YOUTHS ADMIT SETTING FIRES Iowa Boys Accompanied by TeenAged Girls Sioux City said Monday that 2 Sioux City youths ged 16 and 17 have admitted fitting 6 fires in buildings here to provide excitement during the ummer months Police said the boyswhose names were withheld said that roth sometimes were accompanied by 16yearold girls on the arson missions References in a diary kept by one of the girls led to the arrest of he youths The youths admitted setting 2 blazes on the night of Sept 7 one a an abandoned postoffice here tfhile firemen brought that blaze under control the boys started an other in an abandoned house on he citys northside police said The boys told authorities also how they set fire to a home under construction July 22 which re sulted in damages Police quoted them as saying they either worked singly or together driv ing to the scene of each fire with several quarts of kerosene The youths were turned over to juvenile authorities while one of the1 girls implicated was re eased to her mother pending court action Formal Peace Comes to 5 Axis States Paris peace comes Monday night to the 5 defeated European satellites of hazi Ger many Ceremonies in Paris and Moscow signalized the end of an era for Italy Finland Hungary Bulgaria and Romania The deposit of documents rati fying the peace treaties marked the final step in winding up for those 5 countries the war which Germany started 8 years ago Representatives of the United States soviet Russia Britain and France deposited the instruments for the Italian treaty with the French government and fixed midnight Greenwich mean time 6 p m CST as the official hour for beginning of the peace Others assembled at the soviet foreign ministry in Moscow for deposit of the instruments pertain big to Finland Hungary Bulgaria and Romania The Kremlin ceremony was se1 for 6 p m Moscow time and the effective hour for 8 p m 11 a m The city of Trieste to be separ ated from Italy under the treaty and made part of a free territory was filled with Italian flags many draped in mourning Trieste shops closed ProItalian newspapers said it was a tragic hour for Italy Penalties against the 5 losers in clude in reparations the bulk of which is to go to Rus sia and territorial losses for al save Bulgaria The treaties restrictthe size o their armed forces and provide guarantees against a rebirth o fascism racial and religious dis crimination Ambassador Walter B Smitt represented the United States a the Kremlin and Ambassador Jef ferson Caffery in Paris In both ceremonies the big representatives were presented de posit texts drawn up in advanc for signature Copiesof theind vidual treaties also are to go int Moscow and Paris files Of th big 4 only Russia and Britain wer at war with Finland and henc only they signed the Finnish peac treaty James Roosevelt and Wife Decorah Guests Decorah Mr and Mrs Jany Roosevelt were luncheon guests a Hotel Winneshiek Monday o their way back to Chicago fror Independence Wis where the spent Sunday with Mrs Roose velts grandparents Mr and Mr M A Lygas They said they woul soon be leaving for their horn in California 4 MORE ADDED OSOARNGLIST OVER WEEKEND 3 Are Killed in Crashes on Highways Another Succumbs to Injuries By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Weekend traffic accidents and eath of a man injured last Wednesday raised Iowas motor ehicle death toll for 1947 to 377 rtonday 6 more than the total up Sept 15 last year The 2 accidents Saturday night nd Sunday also left 2 persons in ospitals with serious injuries Irwin Williams 51 a farmer ving 5 miles southeastof Jesup ras fatally injured Sunday as he nd his wife were driving to Sun ay school The auto in which they were riding was in collision at a ravel road intersection Williams died at an Indepen ence Iowa hospital of a skull racture about 2 hours after the ccident Mrs Williams was hos litalized with a compound fracture if the leg 2 broken arms and a fractured lower jaw An accident 2 miles south of Des Moines Saturday night brought death to Mrs Leo Glenn Tufts 23 of Indianola and left her husband n critical condition in a Des loines hospital Sheriff Howard Reppert said he accident occurred as the car driven by Tufts and one driven by Donald Watson 34 of Des Moines opped a hill and came suddenly upon a car which had no lights Watson swerved his car into the ditch to avoid hitting the lightless autoThe Tufts car which was jehind the Watson car succeeded n getting around the car which iad no lights but struck a house lailer being towed by the auto of Joseph Jawor 31 of Des Moines and also plunged into the ditch Watson and biswife Clairetta 32and Louis B Hurst 26 of Leon a passenger in the Tufts car were treated for minor injur ies At Red Oak Emmett Springer 23 of Red Oak died Sunday in a hospital of injuries suffered in a truck collision Wednesday west of Emerson L R Taylor 76 of Sac City killed and 11 persons were in jured in a 2 car collision south of Nemaha Sunday night Mrs Tay lor was hospitalized in Carroll with serious injuries Tot Falls Out of High Window Second Time Suffers Only Bruises Denver year ago little Richard Salas toddled to a window in the 2nd story of his home and fell out He got a bad fright but no injuries Sunday Richard now 2 years old was playing by the same window and toppled out again falling 35 feet to the ground Physicians said he suffered only 2 bruises on his left cheek Fire Destroys Bam Silo Near Northwood Northwood Fire completely destroyed the barn a silo and 20 tons of hay and some farm im plements on the Gayhart Gabriel farm near here the loss being es timated at Monday morn ing The blaze originated while Mr and Mrs Gabriel were in Mason City Sunday afternoon and the alarm turned ih by neighbors When the Northwood fire de partment arrived the side of an other barn about 20 feet away was in flames but this building was saved The shingles of the house caught fire several times from embers blown by the high wind but the firemen saved the structure Weather Repor FORECAST Mason City Fair and cool Mon daynight Tuesday increasin cloudiness and somewhat warm er Low Monday night 354 High Tuesday near 72 Iowa Clear and quite cold Mon day night followed by increas ing cloudiness western Iowa late Monday night and all sections Tuesday Somewhat warmer Tuesday Wednesday cloudy with scattered light showers and a little cooler followed by gen eral light rain beginning south portion Wednesday night and over south and east portions Thursday Westerly winds 10 to 15 miles perhour Monday aft ernoon and southerly 20 miles per Tuesday shifting to north erly again by Wednesday Tem peratures Tuesday will range from average lows of 38 to av erage highs of 72 north and 45 to 75 south On Wednesday from 52 to 68 north and 54 to 70 south Minnesota Mostly clear and quite cool Monday night with some chance of scattered light frost north and central portions Tuesday increasing cloudiness and somewhat warmer with light showers in extreme west by afternoon or evening IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning SAME Blick flat muni tralllo dentil In 21 hours Maximum 65 Minimum 39 At 8 a m Monday 49 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 50 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 80 Minimum 54 At 8 a m Sunday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum 66 Minimum 55 Nip Plot to Upset Czech Government Prague state of Slo vakia announced Monday it had nipped a plot to overthrow Pres ident Eduard Benes government and assassinate him It said 80 ringleaders had been arrested Slovakias interior ministry said many members of the band were n government employ It added he plot was broken by the con fession of a former Vlasov band terrorist who had served with a German panzer division in the war and later with German SS troops seeking to quell the Slovak rev olution Officials of the national minis try of the interior began an in quiry to determine whether the persons arrested were connected with last weeks unsuccessful bomb attempts on Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk Vice Premier Petr Zenkl and Justice Minister Prokop Drt ina Masaryk left Sunday night for the United Nations meeting in New York shortly after the na tional government posted re wards for arrest of the persons who sent the explosives to him and the other ministers The explosives were sent in gift boxes arranged to detonate on opening but were intercepted The Slovak ministry said the arrested persons were ringleaders of an armed group with branches in all cities of Slovakia They were described as including mem bers of old pronazi Hlinka and Vlasov bands which once terror ized the countryside and then went underground The govern ment said the group planned a campaign of terrorism capped with an attempt on Benes life ;