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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 15, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D R T u e FT o r HISTORY AHD ARCHIVES OES WO I HES lh THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKIS AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 15 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS A ALLIES BEAT OFrFUWOUSmACKS HIGH COMMAND WARNS AGAINST DRAFT CHANGES McNarney 7700000m ji Army at End of 43 Constitutes Minimum Washington army high command Wednesday sharply re jected congressional proposals that planned induction of prePearl Harbor fathers be postponed or canceled Urging that selective service be permitted to go foYward with its program for taking such fathers after Oct 1 Lt Gen Joseph T McNarney deputy chief of staff i warned senate and house mili tary committees that any reduc tion in the prospective draft pool would necessitate a change in the nations strategical commitments An army of 7700000 by the end of this year is the mini mum force required for he tasks ahead he said Undersecretary of War Patter son following McNarney as a wit ness in hearings on the explosive issue told the that pro duction of warplanes would go lo pieces if the deferment of fa thers disupted the present selec tive service schedule Specifically opposing the bill by Senator Wheeler D Mont to postpone fatherinductions for the i i remainder of the year Patterson said If the proposal were adopted jj the men to1 tary forces would necessarily be the nonfathers who arc doing skilled work in munitions plants In that case our production of planes would go to pieces and with it would go our surest means of victory Declaring that a shortage of tabor in aircraft plants is cut ting down the number of planes that might be produced for waging war against our enemies Patterson said he be lieved the only solution to be enactment by congress on na ffSiT tional service legislation for compulsory manpower While Patterson said there is no that manpower if cor is adequate to win the he stated it would not be i JSSsfadequate if the 6000000 fathers of aSfa draft age were told that they had no obligation military or industrial toward winning the w31 He quoted lie following para s 1 The interests of war produc ijtion demand that from now on deferments be made more on the basis of occupation than family status The draft already has cut so deeply into the ranks of skilled workers that war production is being hurt Of the 7000000 undraftcd fathers of military age about one half are believed to be engaaed in industries less essential to the war If these fathers were freed from the draft they would be able to remain untouched in these less essential industries contributing nothing to the mobilization of manpower for war Patterson estimated axis strength in the field at 556 di visions which he said was in excess of thc ground forces of the united nalions During McNarneys testimony sharp statements by committee u committee oenaiur wneeier D men developed over the question who has said he will of specific data on men now in Press for an early vote on the measure listened intently to the testimony txb give Also sitting with the senate a specific answer to charges that committee wcre Chairman May adequately trained men are being fri v training Senator R Colo asked that the high command give vidiiieu jueii aie oemg ana oiner members kept unnecessarily long in army the house military committee camps in this country McName said he could not answer questions of this nature in open session He was then instructed by Chairman Reynolds m N Car to produce concrete figures for committee members and other legislators at a scheduled closed meeting Wednes day afternoon Reynolds acted after Senator oeaimui i tnat vou Holman R Ore asserted there will not indulge in the wishful was no use holding meetings if thinking that because of our re We are not going to learn anycent success in north Africa and Thlnff Sicily we can now coast to vic McNarney said at the out thing The deputy chief of staff told the committee he conld not Publicly figures on the number v t MOVE UP IN ITALYAmong first pictures to reach the U S showing Lt Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army in action near Salerno Italy this U S signal corps radio telephoto from Algiers shows American jeeps pushing ahead as the Yanks moved inland filing of adequately trained men that still are in this country because tne information would be of value to the enemy He added that he would make the Infor1 matlon available in executive session Under questioning by Senator Austin R McNarney said there now are about 1500 000 married men in the army of whom about 700000 are fathers McNarney was the 1st of an all star procession of high army and navy officials called before the senate military committee to tes iify on the heed for further en largement our fighting Congressional leaders have in dicated the decision on whether to defer or end the general draft ing of fathers will hinge on high command justification for such enlargement Gen McNarney said the 7700 000man army figure had been approved by his chief Gen George C Marshall The denuU chief of staff added The collapse of Italy does not affect these figures He sain thai on Sept 1 the armvs strength was approxi mately 7100000 officers and men Inductions for the rest of the year he said will vary from 145009 o 175000 a month but he explained the apparent overage was caused by the fact is necessary to induct some 7aOOO men a month merely o keep the army up lo current strength because of discharges casualties and similar losses of effectives Any curtailment reduction or postponement of an army ot 7700000 on Dec 31 1943 will necessitate a change in our strate gical commitments McNarnev testified Whoever initiates such a change must assume the grave re sponsibility for ignoring the con sidered judgment of our military leaders arrived at after careful and prolonged studies The witness made no direct reference in his presentation to the Wheeler bill o defer the in duction of prePearl Harbor fath ers until the first of thc year The author Senator Wheeler D N iU i v D Ky and other members ot McNarney said the 7700008 man army was needed to carry out the strategical missions which were determined upon at the Quebec conference The Cure includes 190000 nurses and WACS he said I know that y prolong the war 1 hope that I can arm you with information concerning the task ahead and means jeguivedto do the The facts presejJt l tufe He asserted that despite air won successes the United States must continue to develop both ground and air strength at the maximum possible rate The latest estimates of axis ground power do not leave any room for complacency he stated Despite losses on the Rus sian front in Africa and in the Pacific latest estimates as sumins all of Italys divisions o be out of the war place the total of axis Japanese and only 14 less than were available in 1942 while Italy was still an active and important axis part ner he said It is known that Germany and Japan both have instituted the most vigorous measures to mo bilize nil of their available mili tary power Such measures are far more extreme than anything lo which the United States has even given the most scant con sideration Backing up his story of the need for more men McNarney said all our operations in this war start in as amphibious operations which require a maximum of forces Also as the war pro gresses and our lines of communi cation are lengthened our logisti cal problems tend to become the enemy are simplified draft issue that he thought it Fort Dodge Man Is Heart Attack Victim D Lizer 59 an auditor for the Farmers Grain company at Fort Dodge dropped dead while giving an address to farmers at thc schoolhouse at Woolstock at JO15 p m Tuesday Thc coroner was called from Clarion and he pronounced death due to a heart attack NEZHIN MAJOR TOWN ON MAIN RRLINEJAKEN Opens Way for Assault Evidently Aimed at Middle Dnieper Defense London trgjfps have captured Nezhin on The KievKursk railroad 80 miles northeast of Kiev Moscow ap nounced Wednesday in a special order of the day Capture of this important town on the main rail line opens the way for an assault evidently in tended to crack the middle Dnie per defenses of the Germans just up the river from the Ukraine capital The order of the day signed by Premier Joseph Stalin was broad cast by the Moscow radio and re corded here by the soviet Monitor Addressed to Army Geii Con stantine RoUossovskv whose column in the northern Ukraine is I he fastest groundcaininr as sault force on the Russian front Stalins order called Nezhin they most important center of the Germans defense on the road Kiev and said it fell alter Z days of violent fighting The troops which fought their way into the city had to drive 200 miles in 40 days in a beeline thrust toward Kiev since the fall of Belgorod With Mezhin in Russian hands a flanking drive against KievnusMj southern Russia The thrust against Nezhin was reported ear lier to have sent the enemy flee ing in disorder toward the Dnie per defense wall Rokossovsky is regarded as one of the red armys ablest offen sive commanders and his as signment in this salient is an in dication of the importance with which Moscow regards a middle Dnieper breakthrough to split the German front south of the Print marshes Earlier soviet dispatches re ported that the red army summer offensive over a 600 mile front from the Sea of Azov to the for ests beyond Bryansk was rocking the entire German hold on the Dnieper valley and threatening the vital power hub of Dniepero petrovsk The Germans were said to be retreating along the entire front abandoning town after town together with incalculable stores of war material before the relentless drive of the soviet armies Moscow however deliberately ignored a German admission that the nazis had evacuated Bryansk although it was evident that Gen Popovs motorized columns more complicated while those of wcle fuU control of the situa lion in that area A soviet war e smpe rea sovet war AIcNarney said of the father bulletin reported Russian troops engaged in offensive action in and mnt issue uiiL ne inoughi it i uuensive acnon in and would be a mistake lo exempt 3ound the city after slicing 4 any one of its 5 trunk rail lines and DROPSlEAT WHILE SPEAKING their victories usually in a special I order of the day byPremier Sta lin They are apparently follow ing this procedure as regards Bryansk American Planes Set jap Destroyer Afire Chungking UR American planes divebombed a Japanese destroyer and set it afire off San Choxv island near Hong Kong in a raid last Saturday in which at least 2 cargo vessels were dam aged a communique from Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwells headquarters said Wednesday The communique said the destroyer took fire after three ships more than 500 Declares 9iOths of Nippon Facilities in Burma Are Pulverized JTew Delhi ff Brig Gen Caleb Haynes who has been di recting American task forces based in India and coordinating air attacks against Burma as serted Wednesday that of the facilities of that country have been pulverized by allied air at tacks Burma is no Japanese fort ress he declared Ias beenordered to the GlobeGazette weather statistics TT r o e States to take a new post Japanese planes are improving but are not improving as fast as ours he observed Japanese YEAR AGO pilots are not trained nearly as Maximum well as they were 18 months ago Minimum Vl Despite Heavy Air Support v COMBAT RAGES AS BOTH SIDES GET MORE HELP WHERE YANKS BATTLE Heavy line around the Salerno area indicates location of battle zone where allies reported the loss of some ground to German counterattacks Allied naval support of ground forces in this Italian sector is denoted by ship symbols Terre del Greco and Pompei were raided by allied planes Japanese at Lae Fall Back Before Allied Pincer Forces Thunderous Artillery Exchanges by Both Sides Marks Struggle ENRAGED BULL KILLS FARMER Albert Trettin Dies 3 Hours After Attack F Trettin 79 fatallv in jured when attacked ah en raged bull at his home at a m Wednesday He died 3 hours later at the Cedar Valley hospital at Charles City Mr Trettin was driving the bull into the barn to be shipped when the animal charged and forced him against a cement silo where lie was badly crushed He taken to the hospital where he died at a m The Trettin family moved to a farm near Rockford from Graf Nazi Tone on Salerno Fight Is Changed London German propaganda machine radically changed its tune Wednesday not only admitting that the allied forces in the Salerno bridgehead had not been evacuated but were offering resistance near the oast under cover of naval guns Tuesday the Germans said war ships were being used to cover a withdrawal Wednesdays nazi communique continued to assert that the allies were suffering heavy losses but the German radio in its midday news bulletin Wednesday made no mention of the Italian front Tues day it had issued an endless stream of victory reports The toning down began Tues day midnight when a nazi com mentator observed The allies have got their teeth into Salerno and even thc most experienced soldiers find it difficult to push them back into thc sea The Berlin radio Wednesday was recorded by Hie Associated Press as emphasizing the extreme violence of the fighting there be tween the 5th American army and tne German division Berlin also broadcast a Stock ton in 2929 The farm is located Americans and Australians who a mile east of town landed from big transport planes Mr Trettin is survive hv I tllc yallev 5 Mr Trettin is survived by his wife and the following children Mrs Carl Schutt Mason City Wesley of Floyd Mabel Alameda Cal Edwin who is serving his country in the navy Walter an aviation cadet at Avon Park Fla and Harold George Marie and Shirley at home A nephew prlaml Graper also made his home with the family Funeral arrangements had not been completed Wednesday after Red River Valley Begins Beet Harvest Cronkston Minn beet lifting began Wednesday in the Red River valley region from Crookston north as far as Gratton N Dak The 1543 crop has been valued at S3000000 a slight in crease from the 1942 figure This estimate was based on planting of 26000 acres toal When buyinjf a pack of cigarets contribute 3c to Ciuarets for Servicemen to buy pack for a dispatches indicated the red army spearheads were biting further north toward thc Smolensk sal ienl The Russians frequently have ID lmy pac withheld announcements of the man in service overseas capture of important strongholds allowing Berlin to broadcast ac T counts of strategic withdrawals W eSLinQT KCDOrt before themselves proclaiming FORECAST Mason City Cooler Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night light frost on lowlands Wednes day night not much change in temperature Thursday forenoon Iowa Cooler Wednesday night continued cool Thursday fore noon Light frost Wednesday night except locally heavy frost with near freezing temperatures in north central portion Wed nesday night Minnesota Colder Wednesday night and in southeast portion Thursday forenoon Continued cold in north and west portions Thursday forenoon Light to lo cally heavy frost with near freezing temperatures Wednes day night IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night At 8 a m Wednesday 83 63 Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific faced with annihilation at Lae New fate which lias overtaken most of the routed Salamatia back Wednesday before allied pincer forces from prepared positions on 2 sides bf the big air base Thunderousartillery exchanges and aerial bombardments by both sides intensified the struggle Allied farces lauded from the sea above Lae on Sept 4 now stand only a mile from the southern end of the Malahane airdrome the bigger of Z at This force reached that point by seizing the village of New Yanga half way between the airdrome and the Busu river Americans and Australians who have swept through 2 prepared positions west of Lae and are ex pected momentarily to engage in bitter fighting with Japanese at Heaths plantation 8 miles from the town Enemy patrols already been encountered near he plantation Eighteen miles below Lae where the allies have captured the airdrome and harbor town of Salamaua General MacArthurs headquarters said the enemy is completely routed and his forces destroyed Only a few scattered groups succeeded in fleeing into nearby jungles Their eventual annihilation Is certain Wednesdays com munique stated The opposing airfprces ex changed blows but thc most dam aging I was delivered by he allies against Wewak New Guinea On airdromes in that area 350 miles above the ground fronl the allies in 5 raids during August de stroyed more than 300 enemy air craft many ot them caught wing fip to wingtip on the ground Monday some bombers and fighters which the Japanese had moved in on the airdrome at Dagua were surprised in a simi lar lineup by liberators which set r m flghtfrs shoot ccraln and nr hi i reac t probably 4 others Three light 000000 wcre but a lle lib miles with their 63 tons of bombs Ship Is Named for Stanley Journalist Who Found Livingstone niirtT Eng missionary after a perilous African Air Force Hurls All of Planes Available at Germans By Allied Headquarters in North Africa AP Allied troops have beaten off fierce Gorman counter attacks against the Salerno bridge head in Italy but were forced Tuesday right toyield some ground gained earlier in order to straighten their lines v i New support came to LI Gen Mark W Clarks forces the strongest air attacks ot the Mediter ranean war and the thun der of naval guns offshore Wednesdays allied com holm dispatch which said Gerl com man reports on the beginning of disclosed that sav the embarkation of the troops aSe close quarter combat the 5th army have not yet been raged along the whole 5th pnnfivmorf Tim 111 Tit ni i 1 hone aI1 was not jet abandoned SHIPSlctiVE NEAR SYRIA Speculation on British 9th Army Is Stirred By JOHN A PAKRIS London Great allied naval activity observed the past tew days off Palestine and Syria aroused speculation that the British 9th army lias embarked possibly for an invasion of tiie Balkans a Stockholm dispatch re ported Wednesday The speculation coincided with an internal crisis in Rumania and Jugoslav reports that patriot forces have captured the towns of Susha and Bakar and the Adriatic island of Vis Uvar and Brat and cleared Ustachi and German troops from long stretches of the Dalmatian coast Two complete Italian divisions the Isonza and the Lombardia and a number of small Italian naval units sinrendered to Serb patriots Jugoslav sources here said The greater part of Slovenia was reported cleared A British broadcast recorded by CBS said Jugoslav patriots had cleared a 37mile stretch of the Dalmatian coast between Susak and Senj captured the province of Ljubljana with the exception of the capital and en circled the port of Split WAR BOND QUOTA Leaders Concerned by Apparent Slow Pace ar loan campaign lowans Wcdnes still had a long way to go to the states quota of S10G The Chicago federal reserve cago eera reserve s reached home The lib bank reported Iowa bond sub era tors set fires visible for 50 scriptions through Monday were mil or about II per cent of the quota Officials at state war finance committee headquarters indicated genuine concern at the apparent slow pace of bond pledges and sales The stale ot Iowa Tuesday bought worth of bonds t ff bonus board S200000 in various hiilld nt capila improvements appropria lions and 5188000 in capital im n Provements money appropriated for Iowa State college Ames Dubuque countys drive was one C JunglLS flnfl in tho ritv riiiKiinn wiinaiiu cf v in the city of Dubuque btanlej who was sent out on his the county was half way toward famous beat just after thc Civil its quota war by Editor Horace Greeley of thc New York Tribune was the When buying a pack of cigarets nests lilt VFJICU A pacK or ciRareis ass nun in service rmM rrL army from Salerno to Agro poli 27 miles south with both sides throwing heavy reinforce ments of troops and armor into battle British 8th army troops speed ing up the west coast to suppoit thc landing drove through the village of Belvedere 67 air miles from AgropoM to close uie Sap between allied forces to some 80 miles of coastline by land Heavy see s a w fight 111 g swirled in Ihe Salerno sector ana thc northwest African air force hurled all planes at its command against the Germans flyinsr more hate 2000 sorties from dawn Tuesday lo dawn Wednesday in thegrcalest air attack ever witnessed in this theater The nazis managed to biing up more troops to the Salerno sector despite the concentrated pounding of roads by allied aircraft and elements of at least 1 more divi German 29th motorized identified in action the allies At least 3 others the Hermann Goerinff he loth and 16lh armored divisions alrcadv wcre in the battle Allied naval forces were land ing reinforcements all along the SalernoAgropoli front despite German interference and thc naval conirmmirme announced oc cupation or Capri Island west ol Salerno on Sunday The land communique reported that in some places our troops have been forced to yield ground but new positions are being con solidated Both sides made de lennincd counterattacks it added The German attacks were strongly supported by tanks Hal wcre driven back repcst ertly hy blistering American ami British fire One V S combat team alone destroyed 13 tanks The yielding of ground at night fall straightened allied lines and permitted consolidation of posi tions against expected night as saults by thc enemy it was an nounced One officer declared thatthe end ot thc day showed the situa tion was a little more favor especially with thc arrival of fresh reinforcements The 8th armys advance to Bclcvcclcic represented a 25 mile push beyond the Coscnza line which had been announced Tues day as its position In the Taranto district on the heel British forces liberated 300 allied prisoners including 2 Greek generals They came in contact with German forces at Gioia about 20 miles north west of Taranto This was be lieved to have been a rear guard of the German 1st para chute division encountered earlier just north of in the Salerno area One American cruiser alone fired 355 rounds in a single day at enemy tanks and machinegun e ays fierce conflict The Germans made ;