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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 14, 1945, Mason City, Iowa COWP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES UDlMTit I THE THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL11 Associated Pna and United Press Vull Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON crnr IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER H 1345 Tlili Paper Consists ol Two One NO 291 4 ELOORA MEN FACE MURDER CHARGE NAME MEMBERS OF INQUIRY IN PEARL HARBOR Congress Cools Off on Hot Subject of Discharges in Army j FRIDAY IN CONGRESS 1 Senate Fight Neara on Jobless Pay Bill Heat Lessens on Army Demobili j zation Washington Fri day plunged into the historic task of investigating thePearl Harbor disaster House and senate each appointed members of a Joint committee of units have occupied Kalgan Cte Chinese Still Clashing With Jap Soldiers Chungking com munist troops have retaken over 200 Chinese cities since the Japa nese capitulation and were re ported Friday still clashing spor adically with enemy forces Chow En Laf highranking communist leader said the skirm ishes in northern China continued Japanese still attack us A BBC monitored report from London quoted Yehan radio as saying Japanese forces in China were attacking and counterat tacking Chinese eighth route and the new fourth armies despite the fact that the Japanese have signed surrender He said Chinese communist both houses io find out how and If why this country took such a clubbing Dec 7 1941 in the Japa iriese sneak attack The committee which must re port back to congress by Jan 3 is made up of 6 democrats and 4 republicans The democratic ley George Lu cas The republican senators and Ferguson Mich The democratic representatives Terin Clark N Murphy The republican Wis and Gearhart Congress cooled off a little Fri day on the subject of getting men out of the army but the senate picked up a redhot unemployment pay bill this bill would help jobless workers with federal cash The fight over it shifted to the senate floor after that chambers finance committee worked on it for weeks The oratory starts the voting Army discharges arid unem ployed people con cerns of congress after japan surren dered The army put on a drive to con vince congress it is doing about the best demobilization job it can under the circumstances Many lawmakers seemed convinced Others didnt Heres what 1 Gen George C Marshall be gan sending personal letters to all members of congress He inclosed a booklet telling howbard the army is tryingto bring the boys home fast Several congressmen welcomed the booklet as a God i send Theyll get extra copies and shoot them to the folks who are flooding them with thousands of letters every day 2 Other generals told the senate military committee they are tak ing emergency steps to speed re leases that they will release 3 out of 4 soldiers before July 1 and may release even more if the oc cupation force in Japan can be cut below present estimates 3 Members of the senate group generally expressed satisfaction with the armys plans Theyll hear the navys story Monday 4 Secretary of War Stimson de fended the army in a letter to a congressman He said the point discharge system may not be the only solution but it is the very best one we could contrive Under the present system of un employment pay the state gov ernments do the paying The un employment bill as it reaches the senate provides federal cash for employes and maritime workers into the system they donl get anything now expenses to for war workers stranded away from home the period of benefits for people now entitled to receive state vided the state approves If a persons stats payments now run less than 26 weeks fed eral cash would be added to stretch them to that that no pay period would be in creased more than 60 per Thus if a person is entitled to only 10 weeks now he would get 16 weeks These extra payments would be at theexisting weekly rales The original by President Truman provided for higher weekly payments in some cases up to a week The committee kayoed that proposal Its support ers will try to revive it CIVILlPTEED FROM JAPANESE war department bureau of public relations in a release this week listed the name of Sister Gerald Julia May among the civilian personnel lib erated from Japanese custody Sis tef Gerald gave the name of Mrs Rose Durbin of Sfacyviile as emergency addressee foo Shanghaikwan and Chengte the capital of Jehol province Meanwhile Mao Tze Tung chairman of the communist party who has been conferring with Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek on means of restoring unity to China announced that he was un able to comment on the progress of negotiations with Kuomintang leaders However he stated that the communist policy was to establish peace and democracy in China anc right now the roost Importani thing for China is Chow said communist troops have withdrawn from many areas in China to avoid the danger o clashes with the central govern mentforces Both Mao and Chow insisted there had been no such clashes Chow said terms of the Nanking surrender do not exclude com munists from accepting Japanesi capitulations in their areas He added that communists as sup posed parts of the national gov ernment could surrenders Chiang so ordered accept Japanesi if Generalissrmc It would lieved if Chiang failed to appoin communist troops to accept sur renders in certain areas 12000 TROOPS BACK IN U S 7 Transports Bring GIs to Eastern Port New York 1200 troops including the main bod ofthe 45th infantry division an units of the Fighting 69th in fantry division arrived Frida aboard 7 transports The Aqnifani carried 7866 In eluding the 179th and 180th infan try regiments of the 45th division Also aboard were nearly 21 nurses and more than 300 WACS the largest contingent to be pre turned from Europe The Santa Rosa brought 324 troops includingthe field artii lery battalions of the 69th th division that met the Russians a the Elbe after fighting across Ger many The Monterey carried 50 troop and approximately 800 civilia workers from Puerto Rico The Calvin Coolidge carried 65 troops the Pendant 25 the Be gian Equality 18 and the Henry L Hoyt 43 DECISION FOR MEAT RATION END IS DELAYED Foreign Demands and Black MarketFear Causes Uncertainty Washington decision on vhen meat rationing should end being delayed by 2 main fac ors 1 Uncertainty over foreign de mands 2 Official fears that tooearly iction might cause new shortages and a revival of black markets This was disclosed Friday by topranking agriculture depart nent official who asked that he not be named It may take a few weeks to get an accurate picture of foreign needs But in the meantime it is iossible that by or before October the government may ease meat rationing further It might do this iy lowering point values on most cuts or by taking some types off rationing altogether or by a combination of these 2 methods The official who discussed these matters Friday said Great Britain las indicated that it would like o obtain some meat to supple ment supplies being obtained from Canada and Argentina But Brit sh purchases will depend he added on whether that country is able to make financial arrange ments here Likewise it is probable that some meat may be needed to sup ply other foreign exports both commercial and relief Any large scale buying of American meats for relief will depend it was said in whether the united nations re lief and rehabilitation administra tion or some other relief agency secures necessary funds President TrurnaprVhas recom mended thai congrSss appropriate for UNHRA Conceding that supplies of some types of low er and medium grades of beef lamb and increased sufficiently in recent weeks to warrant further not the rationing this official said entry of British and other export buyers into the market could easily soak up a consider able portion of the extra supplies Thus removal of rationing be fore export requirements have been determined might result in renewed shortages poor distribu tion and revival of black markets affer foreign buying began Officials at both the agriculture department and OPA say they doubt that there will be action of any kind before next week Meanwhile the agriculture de partment reported that packers are finding it difficult to absorb the volume of cattle being mar keted Some slaughterers are said to be handicapped by a shortage of experienced workers YANK OCCUPATION details schedule of occupation by units of U S 6th and 8th armies of Japa nese homeland and the location of units already ashore in Japan and Korea Brackets indicate approximate areas as signed to the 2 army groups Inset map is closeup of Tokyo area with shaded area locating occupied territory AP wirephoto Hold Services Ida Grove serv ices were conducted Thursday for Rose Boysen 9 who was killed last Sunday in an automobile col lision Her mother Mrs Gustav Boysen was injured seriously Her father suffered minor injur ies and two brothers were unin jured Reveal Plot for Revolt in Argentine Buenos Aires dent Col Juan D Peronconceded iivan extraordinary proclamation Friday that a plot to overthrow the Argentine government was gaining support and calledupon the army to resist all appeals to revolt The proclamation called upon the armed forces to remain loyal to those who have the respon sibility of the government In these difficult hours Peron charged that leaders of the conspiracy already seek ing supporters within the army with full knowledge that any re volt would fail without them While the conspirators had fail ed to organize the mass of Argen tine public opinion he said it is undeniable that many people carried away by their love of freedom and democracy fell vic tims to a propaganda which spared neither resources nor means Peron named as leaders of the conspiracy defeated in the June 1943 revolution and those who are using even infamy to promote foreign intervention who resist Pe rons social policies in his concur rent post of secretary of labor who suffered at the hands of tbe present govern McNutt Says Mass Layoffs in War Industries Pass Peak Claims Job Losses to Be Heavy But Will Show Decline ENGINEERS END RADIO WALKOUT NBC ABC Return to Normal Operation New York IF Radio networks NBC and ABC returned to normal operation Friday after a 28 hour strike by approximately 500 union broadcast engineers The engineers began returning to their jobs in INew York and other major cities Thursday night The walkout ended after officials of the companies and the union the National Association of Broad cast Engineers and Technicians Ihd agreed to resume negotia tions Friday for a new wage con tract It was the breakdown of these negotiations union officials said which caused the engineers to walk out of their jobs Wednesday evening The national and Ameri can Broadcasting companies termed the strike unauthorized After a brief period of silent air NBC and ABC used executives ment Part of press is at the venal and paid the service of their Washington Manpow er Commissioner Paul V McNutt said Friday that mass layoffs in war industries have passed their peak Job losses will continue to be heavy for some time he said but on they will decline steadily He revealed that 270000 work ers were laid off last week com pared with 300000 the week be fore and 1800000 the first week following the Japanese surrender McNutt said that the 2300000 layoffs that have been reported since the Japanese quit do not represent total unemployment be cause they do not take into con sideration the workers who have been rehired by peacetime indus try The WMC survey showed that in the 3rd postsurrender week the SeattleBremerton Wash area laid off 23700 workers to top the national list In New York 22000 workers found themselves jobless com pared with 30000 the previous week Los Angeles jumped from 14000 to for the 3rd week whiles mean aims and contrary to peace and order are spreading a false social and political picture to con found public opinion he said Peron addressed his proclama tion to the army in his 3rd ca pacity as minister of war He warned the forces that any divi sion of their strength into factions would destroy their discipline and pave the way for anarchy At the same time Peron prom ised that there ultimately would be free elections in Argentina in which the will of the majority would prevail regardless of the results The proclamation capped a series of international and do mestic developments which heightened the tension that has prevailed in Argentina ever since the 1943 revolution not connected with the union to continue their programs The old contract between the union and the companies expired June 1914 and negotiations for a new one began last week Disputed points concerned union requests for a general wage in crease averaging 35 per cent and overtime after 8 hours in any day A T Powley union president de clared Powley said the men received from to monthly lor a 5day week but were obliged to work as many as 12 hours a day without overtime pay NBC said the men received an average year ly salary of PREDICTS FAST OCCUPATION OF JAPAN ISLANDS MacArthur Orders Complete Suspension of Domei News Agency Tokyo occupation of Japan may be washed up with in a year Lt Gen Robert L Eich elberger predicted Friday while General MacArthur promised there would be no kid glove en forcement of surrender terms and ordered complete suspension of all operations of the Domei news agency Eichelberger expressed his views at a press conference in his 8th army headquarters where served that when an insular country loses its land sea and air power and is without raw materi als and has big countries sitting on its Hanks it cant be much of a threat If the Japs continue acting as they are now he said in answer to a question within a year this thing should be washed up He estimated the occupation would necessitate the use of about 400000 American troops but dis closed that orders for some units notably railroad troops and en gineer shore parties already had been cancelled when it was dis covered that Japanese installa tions were in better shape than expected At present the eighth army has between 90000 and 100000 men in Japan and more are enroute Eichelberger said Continued study of specialized needs he added may result in additional cancella tions before all scheduled occupa tion forces arrive Eichelberger said Mai Gen Os car W Griswold would establish occupation headquarters for the 14th at Sendai Friday and that a full division would follow him by train Saturday The 27th division he s a i d would occupy Nagato in northern Honshu within a few days The ninth corps commanded by Maj Gen Charles Ryder will oc cupy Hokkaido island northern most of the Japanese group on Sept 27 establishing headquarters at Sopporo MacArthur in his statement re plying to critics of occupation pol icies thus far pursued noted the impatience displayed at the so called soft policy He termed it necessary however and added Its extraordinarily difficult for me at times to exercise that degree of patience which is unquestion ably demanded if the longtime policies which have been decreed are to be successfully accomplished without repercussions which would be detrimental to the wellbeing of the world but I am restraining myself to the best of my ability and I am generally satisfied with Polio Trend Down Schools Open Monday With definite indications that the number new cases of in fantile paralysis in Mason City is on the decline schools will open Monday it was announced Fri day by R B Irons city superin tendent Dr C M Franchere city health director stated Friday that the number of cases had now re mained at 20 for 2 days There has been a decrease in the rate of new cases for the past week he said With schools 2 weeks late in getting started Supt Irons is eager taget class work under way Monday with the least possible delay and to make this possible asks the cooperation ol all stu dents All students of the senior high school and Junior college have been asked to report at the home room at a m Monday This will permit the faculty to have a faculty meeting at Junior high school students are asked to report at Pupils in the grade schools are to report at 9 oclock Both the Mason City parochia schools St Josephs and Holy Family also will open Monday morning m time for classes it was announced the progress being made The supreme commander 4 SHIPS BRING SOLDIERS HOME New York IP North Iowa soldiers scheduled to arrive in harbor on the Marine Panthe Wednesday were the following S Sit Rotert E Merer CharlesCltj S Stt Clarence H Wedeklnr darks ric Dale W Griffin Maion City Stt Harold T Earle Fayeltt Cpl Pale Z WllRon FJcVlneenl G Frledhbf T5 Herman H Ober Mason city Capt Pmnl H Rlnrer Jr Baric Grer tint Lt Lawrence V McVlcker Eai Grove M Sri Henry E Meyer Brill Cpl ChaTlea F Dlxon Oelweln Pfc Helvin L Olson Lakota CWO Samncl K Jennings Clear tafc S Sgt Arnold L Fetters Emmetsnnrj T5 Albert D Vola Floyd Southern Minnesotans on this ship werer Fvt Jarold J TerDslra Fairmont T4 Edward I Adams Bushmore Pfc John E Sitter Mankato Pfc narrell Fnran Mankalo S Egt Nathan S Thompson Brown Valley rtc Eugene E Phelps Mountain Lak North lowans on the Frederic Victory were Sgt Leo F Ewen Dourhirlr George S Cornell rank not riven Alta On this ship from southern Min nesota were T5 Marmon K Tnnstall Luverne StanlejPaulson rank not given Fair mont North lowans arriving on the Torrens were T3 WllhTd E Nelson Iowa Falls T4 Edward J Lanfer McGregor Arriving on the SS Cadwalder were the following North lowans T Sgt Walter F Hagen Mason City Ptc Elmer W Wfetanti Tltonka HOLD EMPLOYES FOR DEATH OF ELDORA YOUTH 2 Employes and 2 Guards Arrested by State Agents Eldora men charged vith murder in connection with he death of an Eldora training school inmate appeared before Justice of the Peace C W Haase lor preliminary hearing Friday mtHaase allowed continuation the hearing until Sept 24 Chief K W Nebergall of state bureau of criminal investi gation announced that charges had Deen filed against Darrell T Brown assistant superintendent of the school Harold iUartin iden ified as acting dean of boys and Carl Klatt and Harold Nelson guards who were suspended by Gov Robert D Blue Aug 31 Meanwhile Acting Superintend ent Percy A Lainson announced the discharge of Brown and Mar tin saying filing of murder charg es caused their automatic dis charge The defendants were released by Haase on bonds until the hearing Sept 24 Nebergall said the murder charges were filed in connection with the death of Ronald MUler 17 which County Coroner E H Biersborn said was the result of a blow on the head Before Jens Grothe special state prosecutor made his motion for continuation of the hearing 2 Iowa state guardsmen marched 9 inmates of the school into the courtroom in anticipation of the boys being called to testify Also attending the hearing was O S Von Krog suspended su perintendent of theschool Von Krog told reporters he planned to leave Eldora Monday afternoon for a vacation in Cal When Gov Robert D Blue suspended Von Krog Aug 31 the governor said that Von Krog still had 2 weeks vacation pay com ing to Grothe moved for continuation of the hearing on the grounds that the Hardin county grand jury was still in session At this point the defense attor neys said we have no objection to the continuance but we will object and continue to object that murder charges were filed while the grand jury was still sitting E H Lundy and Lyman E Lundy Eldora attorneys are act ob PAUL V McNCTT port for the 3rd week showed an increase of 6000 bringing the fig ure to 21000 The greatest number of layoffs were reported from western states where 65000 were dropped from payrolls largely due to sharp cut backs in shipbuilding and plane production Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued unseasonably cool Friday and Saturday Iowa Mostly cloudy with rain in east Friday clearing Friday night Quite cool and windy in east Friday Wanner Saturday Minnesota Generally fair Friday night and Saturday Cooler Saturday and in northwest por tion Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 67 Minimum Thursday 45 At 8 a m Friday 47 YEAR AGO Maximum 66 Minimum 54 Iowa to Get 3 Centers for GI Separation Washington war de partment announced Thursday that 2 army separation centers and an air force separation sta tion would be established in Iowa to speed the return to civilian life of eligible soldiers awaiting dis charge The Iowa nnits are among 113 temporary separation stations be ing set up by the army service forces and 32 similar stations by the air forces Army stations will be opened at the Schick General hospital Clin ton Sept 10 and at Fort Des Moines Sept 20 An air force sta tion will be located at the Sioux City army air base An estimated 10 persons will be separated daily at Schick and an estimated 20 at Fort Des Moines served that in view of the atroc ilies committee by the enemy impatience on the part of the allied peoples to have the surrender terms rapidly carried oat was but a natural impulse Fulfilment of that desire can be accomplished only through careful procedure he asserted but promised The surrender terms arent soft and they wont be applied in kid glove fashion Meanwhile the Japanese gov ernment reported to eighth army headquarters that most of the former Nipponese leaders on the Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy MacArthurs in custody wanted list were Another former government of ficial Lt Gen Chikahito Koizumi welfare minister in the Japanese Pearl Harbor cabinet took his life by the traditional hara kiri method His former premier Gen Hidcki Tojo continued to improve in a U S army hospital from a selfinflicted gunshot wound Koizumi was on the list of more than 40 former war leaders black dragon society members and brutal prison commanders and guards whom the Japanese undertook to round up Supreme headquarters gave no reason for suspension of Domei and the order came without warn ing Dr HarryG Barnes of SUI Selected Secretary of ISTA Fills Vacancy Left by Miss Samuelson in Teachers Group Long Ownership Bed Oak Montgomery county farm owned fcy John W Overton Tex has been family 90 years giving Denning in his u Deming what he believes Fs the longest land ownership record in the county Abstract for the land was dated Nov 2 1855 from the United States to Julius Deming Maquoketa Harry G Barnes registrar of the Univer sity of Iowa has been appointed executive secretary of the Iowa State Teachers association re placing Agnes Samuelson Charles F Martin of Maquoketa ISTA president announced Friday Miss Samuelson resigned Sept 1 to join the executive staff of the National Education associa tion In Washington Dr Barnes who was graduated from Grinnell college in 1823 and earned a doctors degree at the University of Iowa in 1932 has been university registrar since 1939 He said in Iowa City Friday he believed he would be able to assume direction of the ISTA of fice in DCS Moines about the mid dle of October Miss Samuelson had been ex ecutive secretary for 7 years DR HARRY G BARNES ing as counsel for the defendants The 4 men were arrested Thurs day night by state agents and Sheriff J E Davidson of Hardin county Nebergall added Governor Blue said when he suspended Klatt and Nelson that both had admitted using disci plinary measures involving Mil ler Klatt admitted striking one of the boys with a sap Nelson was involved in certain disciplinary measures in which he used a leather strap the gov ernor reported Since Millers death a long series of disturbances including 3 mass escapes involving 225 boys has occurred at the school O S Von Krog superintendent for 22 years resigned following suspension by Blue who ordered a sweeping investigation of con ditions at the school At Eldora meanwhile manage ment of 6 cottages housing in mates was under supervision of state guard units following the dismissal of cottage managers and their wives Percy A Lainson acting super intendent who discharged the employes announced simultane ously he planned an extensive re vision of demerits placed against the 225 boys who have broken away since Aug 29 In general with a few excep tions we are wiping out snch de merits and starting with a clean slate Lainson explained A general reorganization of the various boys groups began Thurs day Lainson also conferred with Miss Jessie Parker state super intendent of public instruction concerning the schools vocational education facilities He said Miss Parker inspected the facilities at his request and would make recommendations by letter soon A committee of 7 district judges was preparing meanwhile to be gin a study of the juvenile penal code and recommend changes to the Iowa District Judges associa tion The study was requested by Gov Robert D Blue Oh the committee are Judges F H Cooney Carroll chairman T W Miles Corydon C R Staf ford Muscatine T H Coheen Calmar Charles Roe Council Bluffs Ralph C Prichard Sioux ;