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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 14, 1939

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 14, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 141939 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT TlflS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE GDYNIA SURRENDERS TO NAZI ARMY Germans Give View in America By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist Germany has hit ona new form of propaganda Its very personal Letters especially directed to in dividuals are flooding the coun try Apparently the reichs publicists take GERMANY USES HEAVY GUNS ON WEST FRONTIER Effort Is Made to Stop Steady Advance of French Forces PAHIS put its heavy artillery in action on the a series of tele western front Thursday in an ap H 1 f et i phone lories stance and de 1 i v e rs their dope to them personally un der postage H e r r Hitler enemys artillery on the heights has attended south of Saarbrueeken direc parent effort to stop the steady for in methodical advance of the French toward its west wall fortifications W A communique of the high com mand 21st of the war said at a m a m There is heavy action by the STEWART his to American doc Ive seen ap pe rIs tors dentists and lawyers Wliere ever he can consolidate on any other group evidently hes gone after it I know definitely about doctors dentists and suppose because theyre easy to classify I can specify a lawyer ad dressed like this Mr Halph Hoyt Case Lawyers Southern building Washington D C U S A Notice Not Lawyer but Theyre ad dressed as a group Something on Danzig Inside the envelope is a leaflet as follows Something Must Be Done About Danzig and the Corridor The thing to do is to give back to Germany what belongs to her When Pqland imposed upon the good faith of President son iri order to obtain German territoryishjSLwas grantedithis land only under certain formal conditions which she never has observed Above all she undertook to re spect the status of her minorities It was Clemenceau who made this stipulation the essential con sideration before handing over the territory It is a fact that Poland has not fulfilled this condition Quite on the contrary she has badly treated the local minorities badly administered these prov inces badly organized social and working conditions She should have considered Danzig according to her own words her natural port as her obvious and only harbor Instead she has wilfully neglected it and has herself established a danger ous competitor port of Gdynia which latter she has moreover supplemented by a naval base not specified in the treaty of Ver sailles and not in accordance with the disarmament provisions con tained therein In the parallel case of Sa lonika Jugoslavia showed that there was no need for her to seize the slightest particle of Greek soil to obtain an outlet What would France have paid if at Versailles Switzerland had claimed a corridor down the Rhona valley to provide her with access to the Mediterranean where the port of Cette has proved so useful during critical times Main and Vermont This spiel is accompanied by a map recalling the fact that Maine and Vermont were the only re publican states at the last Ameri can national election How would Uncle Sam like it German propagandists inquire if Maine and Vermont were to be given extraAmerican jurisdic tion with corridors to the Atlan tic I dont know how hed like it Propaganda Reverses But it seems to me that the more this German propaganda is propagandized the less its effec tive as propaganda Im in favor of advertising it as much as possible Anyway why from the Ger man standpoint are American doctors dentists lawyers and maybe other professions favored iistenersin on the Hitleristic story This communique was inter preted to mean that the Germans had brought up big guns because French operations were now threatening important German positions V It was reported unofficially that the French had captured many mines in the famous Saar valley coal district Numerous other mines nominally still under Ger man control had been rendered unworkable because French big guns constantly shelled principal roads The French guns were not bombarding Saarbrueeken but were concentrating their fire on three sides of it Unofficial reports said that at the northwestern extremity of their front the French pressure had become so heavy on both banks of the Saar river and on the right east bank of the Moselle near the Luxembourg frontier that sections of the west wall were in serious danger vv it Heavy German reinforcements jverereportedtcr have been rushed to Trier Saar bruecken Other reports said Ger man reinforcements Were arriving opposite Strasbourg on the Rhine French troops in the Warndt forest sector were reported to have passed the CarlingLudweiler road It was reported that farther east the French had made an im portant gain between Saarbrueek en and Hornbach British airplanes were reported cooperating with French ones in pounding the German heavy ar tillery which had been sent to the Saar front Usually reliable quarters said that German air losses on the western front far exceeded French losses as reported by the Germans Hain and wind slowed fighting on the western front GERMANS DENY PLANS INS A State British Charges of American Sub Bases Designed for Panic BERLIN charges that Germany was trying or in tended trying to find submarine bases in Central and South Amer ica were denounced in a com munique Thursday as a clumsy attempt to create panic among LatinAmerican nations The communique issued through DNB German official news agency referred to the British ministry of information as the misinformation ministry The ministry Wednesday night said the British government had reason to believe the enemy may attempt to establish submarine and air bases on the coasts of South and Central 14 U S Bombers on to 25 Million Chinese Facing Starvation SHANGHAI re lief authorities estimated Wednes day 25000000 Chinese face star vation and other suffering this winter from floods in Hopeh prov ince and the Yellow river basin and drought in Shantung prov ince Fall crops in these areas were said to be completely de stroycct American religious and Red Cross relief funds nre nearly exhausted SAN DIEGO Cal under unusual conditions of se crecy H of the navys big flying dreadnaughts were somewhere over the Pacific ocean Thursday on a nonstop hop from San Diego to the Hawaiian islands At mid night the squadron was believed to be about halfway along on the j 2000 mile flight I Tiny Caterpillar Raid Alarm MANCHESTER Eng inchlong caterpillar sounded an nir raid alarm which sent people of several towns to air raid shel ters Wednesday night The cater piller crawled across the terminals of an air raid control switch near Swinton five miles from here and started the alarm The all clear signal was given a minute later Goering Explains Air Strategy to Hitler at Front n i Bending over a map Field Marshal Hermann Geering left is shown expfamms German air force activities to Adolf Hitler Left to fight Goermg unidentified officer ColGen Wilhclm KeHer chief of the high commTina of armed forces Hitler and Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop This picture was taken somewhere in Poland and radioed from Berlin to New York Lwow Doomed by Bombs Fire GERMAN ENTRY SOON IS FEARED Private Cars as Well as Military Caravans Are Machine Gunned By DANIEL DE LUCE EDITORS NOTE The fol lowing dispatch was sent by courier and telegraph to Buda pest and filed from Budapest LWOW Poland of whether the slowly retreating Polish army is able to stem the German advance this city of 316 000 population is doomed Bombed from the air for 14 days and battered by artillery during the past week Lwow is a giant torch A rea glow cast over the city by flames from burning oil refineries makes a grim mockery of air raid pre cautions Other fires are burning in many sections of the city Shat tered aqueducts have emptied tile reservoir from which Lwow draws its water supply and ef forts to quench the flames with sand arc ineffectual An acute food shortage the danger of plague and the horror of bombing attacks have reduced the remaining residents to a state of panic Over all hovers the fear that the Germans may enter the city at any moment The panic is particularly acute among the Jewish synagogs which number approximately 100000 In shellscarred synagogs the Jews began their new year celebration by offering up prayers for rain which they hoped might halt the German army Railroad terminals have been wrecked by bombs disrupting train travel As fast as the Poles can repair vital rail lines they are destroyed by German bombers Many passenger trains derailed by the bombs lie along the tracks Not only military caravans but private cars have been machine gunned from the air as well as bombed I saw frequently along the highways automobiles and peasant carts whose occupants had been killed by machinegun fire Military headquarters in Lwow have been established in low wooden buildings in the center of the city on the theory the Ger mans might consider them not worth bombing Until Monday no antiaircraft guns were available here to com bat the air raids When they ar rived they were manned by in experienced crews which were un able to score hits even when the enemy planes flew over so low I could almost count the rivets in their fuselages Two More British Boats Lost NEW YORK United States liner Manhattan Thursday radioed shehadturned from her course to rescue the crew of the British tanker British Influence No position was given for the tanker The British Influence a ship of 8431 gross tons owned by the British Tanker company Ltd was in the IndiaEngland trade Her home port is London Commodore A B Randall mas ter of the Manhattan which left New York last Saturday did not give further details in his first message nor did he say what had happened to the tanker The New York office said that by now the Manhattan should be about 300 miles off the Irish coast SHIP TORPEDOED NEAR IRELAND NEW YORK crew oi the British freighter Vancouver City torpedoed early Thursday off the south coast of Ireland was rescued by a Netherlands tanker and an airplane the U S liner President Roosevelt radioed Thurs day Crew picked up by Dutch tanker assisted by airplane Re suming course the message said The President Roosevelt pro ceeded to the rescue from a point 52 miles away LOOK INSIDE FOR SENATOR WILLIAM E BORAH Plans Fight Against Arms Embargo Change PAGE 2 Baptist Conclave at Plainfield Two Days PAGE 24 POLAND GETS HEAVY RAINS Warsaw in Ruins as German Bombardment Continues Unabated BUDAPEST flj Heavy au tumn rains for which all Poland has been praying in the hope they would hamper Germanys motor ized forces were reported Thurs day to have begun falling near Warsaw There was much rejoicing in the besieged city Warsaw still holding out against repeated German thrusts was a city half in ruins Thursday its Plight made serious by a growing food shortage and munication lines severed corn Radio broadcasts virtually the only source of news from the be leaguered city pictured scenes of death and desolation as a pro longed bombardment by land and air forces continued unabated GoH Upsets Drop Out Stars in Amateur Play PAGE 10 National Grid Ticket Lists College Scraps PAGE 21 Firemen Battling Flames in Park on Coney Island NEW YORK raging fire swept Thursday along the board walk and through Steeplechase park oldest amusement area of historic Coney Island Firemen said the flames started near the boardwalk entrance to the park which covers i square block Virtually all of the struc tures are of wood and wooden buildings are scattered through out the adjacent areas Half an hour after the first alarm was sounded the Western Union marine ticker said the part was enveloped in flames and ap parently had been destroyed A boy was reported critically injured and several others hurt by an explosion Thirtysix pieces of land fire equipment and a fire boat poured 14000 tons of water a minute in the battle to subdue the fire Another fireboat was en route The entire western end of the pleasure area was covered with dense smoke More than 100 police strained to control thousands ot pleasure seekers Ulm flocked to the scene SEARING HEAT PLAGUES IOWA Mason City Man Dies From Heat Local Schools Are Closed DES MOINES hot sun and searing winds plagued Iowa again Thursday as temperatures headed toward more record smashing highs One heat death was reported at Des Moines where Sam Baker 55 of the I O O F homeat Mason City collapsed while walking to a street car line after arriving here on an airconditioned train The county coroner said Baker died of a heart attack induced by the heat The weather bureau here saw little hope for an immediate gen eral break in the heat wave that Mercury Up to 95 as Schools Close The mercury roared up to 05 at oclock Thursday afternoon m Mason City Public schools were ordered dismissed at noon by Supt R B Irons Highlights of European War Events By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LONDON Chamberlain re news warning that any German bombing of undefended cities would free Britains hands and strengthen resolve to smash the menace we are now fight ing paper lays Polish military defeat to failure to grant equality to na tional minorities Russia charges Polish warplanes have violated soviet western border NEW U S liner Manhattan off the Irish coast turnedfrom her course to rescue the crew of the British tanker British Influence The British ship Vancouver City was tor pedoed near English channel crew rescued e r m a n s report little resistance to Polish drive many prisoners taken an nounce Gdynia fallen say French are stopped on western front President Hoosevelts in terpretation of Monroe doctrine called unfair unchivalrous unneutral u i n e d Warsaw reported still pushing back German thrusts rains pos sible Polish ally said to have started in Warsaw neutral na tions of southeastern Europe watch Italy soviet Russia and Germany for clues to future air force bases near Rumania refugeechoked roads hamper Polish army movements forces reported closing in on Saar brueeken but encounter strong action by heavy enemy artil lery moves cautiously following warning anyGerman bombing of un defended cities would free Britains hands COPENHAGEN Northern European states adopt trade pol icy of identical relations with both sides to protect neutrality op position may try to hold con gress in continuous session be sides embargo issue special meeting may consider war profiteering and new national defense appropriation CASTLE Pius XH tells new Belgian am bassador to holy see he will con tinue lo help arrange an honor able peace now has held IOWT in its grip for four days The bureau forecast possibly showers and cooler in northwest Iowa Friday but doubted that the expected change would affect the remainder of the state Because of the unseasonably hot weather schools in the Clinton in dependent district were closed early Thursday on order of Supt M M Schell who snid that stu dents couldnt be expected to con centrate under such conditions Schools in Des Moincs and other Iowa cities also closed WPA DECREASE SHOWN WASHINGTON Works Progress Administration reported 10261 persons were employed on its projects in Iowa on Aug a decrease of 1130 from the num ber employed a week earlier More Effective British Aid Is Urged by Poland LONDON urged more effective British assistance in the war against Germany in a note delivered to the foreign office Thursday night by Ambassador Count Edward Raczynski The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair and continued warm Thursday nisht and Friday except possibly showers and cooler extreme northwest Friday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday un settled at times and norlli portions not so warm Friday extreme southwest portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Wedncsday Minimtim Wednesday night At 8 a m Thursdaj YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Rain nt 71 SI Series of Iowa Government Articles Will Be Started of The scries will be entitled State Government and each story will be an authoritative educa tional and informative article on the function of a department of the state government The stories will be of such a nature that they may be used in high school or junior high school classes They will also be crammed full of information that will be valuable to the adult taxpayer The first article will be devoted to the duties of the state auditor and his staff It will contain infor mation regarding the number of employes in his department their salary ranges their functions etc Other departments will be taken up in alphabetical order These articles are nonpartisan in nature and have been prepared t by writers who have spent scv do GERMANS CITE WIDE GAINS ON POLISH FRONTS Nazi Communique Declares 66000 Prisoners Captured BERLIN of the olish port of Gdynia after a two reeks siege was announced hursday and Germanys eastern rmy was reported to have made new advances in drives against Varsaw and two other key Fol sh objectives A communique telling oE fall of Gdynia which had been cut off ilmpst since the outbreak of hos ilities Sept 1 said German troops the city at a m O 1 The Polish commandant sur the city it continued North of Gdynia fighting is still going on A communique which told of advances in Poland said 6G000 prisoners had been captured and showed the eastern forces to be centering on three main ma neuvers 1 Encircling Warsaw com pletely 2 Cuttine off Lublin from Lwow to prevent such irovcrn ment officials as may still be at Lublin from reaching the south and 3 Advancing with East Prus sian divisions upon Brzesc BrcslJitovsk 110 miles cast of Warsaw Early Thursday a commentary which usually presents the Ger man foreign office opinion attrib uted to President Roosevelt in his interpretation of the Monroe doc trine an attitude unfairandun ehivalrousVtd say riothjhgof bejne 7 unneutral The comment on President Roosevelts attitude appeared in IJeutscne DiplomatischPolitiscbe KorrespondenK as part of the Ger man reaction to Canadas declara tion of war last Sunday by which the dominion threw her resources to the side of Great Britain against Germany Canadas declaration it said placed the president in an awkwara position As for tlie Polish campaign me German army announced it was closing its ringaround Warsaw and shovintr closer in Iwow ant Lublin but reported ittlc of inmorlancc on he west ern front facing France The only disquieting note in he army communiques from Poland were occasional references to unfavorable weather Thoughl Gerrnans were wondering whether rams at last were going to soften Polands notoriously bad roads and bog down the motor ized equipment which had enabled the Germans to make their swift Publication of a German con Iraband law was seen by observ ers as n warning to the world that German submarines would do their utmost legitimately to pre vent food and war materials from reaching Britain and France Of operations on the western trout the communique said that s ranker French forces than hitherto advanced toward Ger man outposts between Saar brueeken and Hornback but were stopped by mine fields and Ger man defense fire Besides pursuing main strategic tasks on the eastern front the army was said to have gained ground rapidly against almost no resistance in southern Poland paying the way ior cutting off Poland from Rumania and all for eign supplies Korrespondenz referred to Presi dent Roosevelts Tuesday press conference in which ho made plain that he interprets the lUon roo doctrine to mean the United Statesshould protect by force 1C necessary rtl Americas in cluding Canada Korrcspondcnz also referred to tnq presidents Kingston Ontario speech of last year in which he snid the United States would not stand idly by if Canada were threatened The commentary observed that iIr Roosevelt in effect was say ing that Canada may attack a European power but that power may not strike backat Canada It held such an attitude to be un fair anri inchivalrou5 o say nothing of being unneutral The commentary argued that J II Id t impartial application of the Mon roe Doctrine impose on the United States the responsibility f seeing that American countries not attacknonAmerican to read them the western hemisphere ;