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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 13, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NElGHiORS HOME EDITION lillllJ VOL LVI Associated Press and UntUxJ Presi Full Lease Wirei Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 13 1950 This Papci Consists of One NO 2W II For National Unity General Marshall Back to Pentagon as Defense Chief By ELTON C FAY Washington Catlett Marshall soldier by profession and diplomat by headed back to the Pentagon to become secretary of defense President Truman turned to the 69yearold 5star gen eral and former secretary of state to replace Louis Johnson Johnson bowing to presidential will and the enemies I have acquired during the 18 months I have served as a mem ber of your cabinet submitted his resignation Tuesday Mr Truman accepted it with official with alacrity Suddenly in a single day there vere vacancies pending in the 2 op civilian posts of the huge anc omplex national military estab ishment Johnson Praises Marshall For what appeared to be entire y personal reasons Stephen Early resigned as riuputy secretary He iad remained well past the years Questions Policy of Selecting One Man for Many Jobs By JAMES MARLOW Washington This writer has great respect for General George C Marshall as a man as a citizen as a soldier and as a public servant So what follows here is not meant as a criticism of him But his selection by President Truman to succeed Louis Johnson as secre tary of defense raises 1 question at once Why in a country of 150000000 people does 1 man like General Marshall have to serve in 1 crit ical job after another Are no other men capable of filling crit ical jobs well Marshall was chief of staff dur ing World war II He retired in 1945 thinking that after his long army career and World war duties he could get a wellearned rest Sent to China But the situation in tween Chiang Kaishek and the so bad that Mr Truman called the general out of retirement and sent him to China as the 1 man capable of mediating the dispute Then when Marshall finished that job Mr Truman asked him to be secretary of state A good man was needed Marshall was a good man He served until ill health forced him to retire again to private life Hes 69 years old and now with the nation in a dither over its defenses Marshall once more is asked to help the country out Granted that Marshall is 1 of the outstanding men of his time it still is some kind of commen tary on the other 150000000 peo ple that 1 man repeatedly has to be called on to bail his country out of trouble Then theres another question How will Marshall make out if congress approves his appointment as secretary of defense Elections are coming in November Few people are sacred in politics Will he get a political kicking around Until now the republicans have been blaming Secretary of State Dean Acheson for our China pol icy That policy can be stated briefly Helped Shape Policy Several years ago the Truman administration decided it was hopeless to keep pouring help into Chiang Kaisheks government in its fight against the Chinese com munists on these grounds That Chiangs government was corrupt that it wouldnt take the steps at reform necessary to help itself and that it could not win against the communists so long as it persisted in not reforming As a result American aid was withdrawn and eventually the communists drove Chiang out Marshall had a big hand in shap ing that policy When Acheson suc ceeded him as secretary of state the policy was continued always of course with the approval of Mr Truman who was the connect ing link between the 2 men Criticism for Marshal But for many months now with the communists in control of Chi na Acheson has been condemned by the republicans for our China policy Senator McCarthy Wiscon sin republican even called him the Red Dean It seems unlikely that anyone eave granted him by the Pullman Standard Car Manufacturing Co so that he could return to govern ment work None of the criticism hat had welled up around John son had touched Early Johnsons resignation is effec tive next Tuesday Earlys Sept 30 Johnson in his resignation let ter said that Marshall was a man of such stature that the very ac of naming him to be secretary o defense will promote national anc international unity Marshall left the army as chie of staff soon after the end of World War II in 1945 In fact he still is on active duty under the provisions of the law creating the special 5star rank Marshall who has taken orders all his life accepted Mr Trumans request to come back for the 3rd time to the pressures and urgen cies and demands of Washington official life From his Leesburg Va home the general told report ers the president asked if he would accept the defense post and that I told him I would Marshall witn more than the 30 required years of military service behindhim took off his uniform in 1945 only to have Mr Truman ask him shortly to go to China to See what might be done there by this country He made that ard uous and discouraging mission came back settled down to rest was called back in Jan uary 1947 to be secretary of state He left the state department post 2 years later and for time was ill recovering only after hospitaliza tion and months of convalescence Now he has been summoned again CitizenSoldier It has been many years since a professional soldier has served as a civilian chief of the armed forces How will Marshall attain a bal ance between military and civilian Walker Promises a UN Offense at Early u Army Traps 3000 Red Troops AP Wirephoto DECLINES COMMENT of Defense Louis Johnson here declines to comment on reports that he would resign as he leaves the white house Tuesday shortly be fore turning in hi3 resignation Armed Service Clears Way for Marshall Washington resident ruman asked congress Wednes lay to make an exception and let Sen George C Marshall serve as ecretary of defense even though le is a military man The senate armed services committee imme diately approved the necessary egislation The vote was 10 to 2 Congress has to act because the aw says nobody who has been in active duty as an officer of the armed forces within the past 10 years can be secretary of defense The senate group acted even Defore a bill was introduced for mally The house armed services committee postponed action until Friday Chairman Vinson DGa oC would dare try to put any red labels on Marshall Now well have to see whether Marshall Is going to be criticized along with I James Forrestal had Acheson for the China policy The latter until now has had to bear the brunt alone of the attacks almost thinking By training and by more than 30 years of practice he is a soldier with the precise realistic approach of a soldier to a problem But he also has been termed a citizen soldier by those who have studiec his writings on the need for em phasis of the civilian over the mil itary in the nations defense or ganization Moreover as secretary of state his perspective of government was across the Potomac river from the Pentagons high brass and mil itary style of thinking The speculation about an ap pointee to fill the vacancy caused by Earlys resignation placed high up the name of Robert A Lovett He was undersecretary of state from 1947 to 1949 And he was as sistant secretary of war for air during World war II There was something sardonic about the prospect of these 2 men with state department histories coming back to head the defense department Complaint Not New Among the charges against the one that eventually impelled Mr Truman to remove that he had invaded the foreign policy mak ing field of Secretary of State Dean Acheson that he and others of the military establishment had sought to impose military think ing on the United States interna tional diplomacy Such complaints werent new They had been leveled at the military before The 1st defense secretary the late been ac cused of somewhat the same thing Gen Wilbur Accuses FDR of Aiding Russia Iowa Falls a result of an appeasement policy more freedoms have been lost for more people in the last 5 years than were won in World war II Brig Gen William H Wilbur retired gaid Tuesday night Wilbur in a speech sponsored by the county republican committee accused the late Presi dent Franklin D Roosevelt of giv ing Manchuria t6 Russia at Yalta the state department of en gineering a policy of procom munism and appeasement But Johnsons critics in and oui of congress didnt confine their accusations to the foreign policy matter alone 194th Artillery Called to McCoy Dts Moines Iowa mili tary district said Wednesday the states national guard 194th fiek artillery battalion probably woulc move into Camp McCoy Wis be tween Friday and Monday The district said the men prob ably will all leave for camp the same day It is likely that the men will go by truck or car and the equipment by train the house group said the matter is so important That I want a full committee present if possi ble The bill may be called up in the senate Thursday or Friday in a quick followup of the senate committee action I dont look for any difficulty Chairman Tydings DMd told reporters For Marshall Only Tydings said it was clear Mr Truman wanted the exception to apply to no other person than Marshall to no other circumstance and to no other time in the future Tydings said that only 2 sen ate armed services committeemen Senators Knowland RCal and Cain voted against making the exception allowing Marshall to serve Senator Bridges RNH was absent and not re orded Senator Knowland RCal told eporters he doesnt think the lOinmittee ought to be rushed in onsidering such a fundamental ssue as altering the ng back to the days shortly after eorge topping its military setup with a civilian Senator Wherry of Nebraska he G O P floor leader said the forthcoming Marshall appointment may start all over again the same old fight over civilian vs mili ary control Amid the general chorus of ap proval of the choice of Marshall or the defense post some republi cans gave clear notice that John sons exit will be only a signal for more intensive political attack on Acheson Wrong Man Senator Capehart RInd told a reporter the wrong man is re ought to be Acheson Senator Jenner RInd said the defense secretarys resignation proves that Acheson is still run ning the show Now the president is calling on the man who went to China and recommended that the communists be included in that government to direct our fight against the com munists in Korea Jenner said There was almost no other criti cism of Marshall however from either democratic or republican sources Senator McCarthy RWis said in a statement that Marshall shouldnt be confined unless and until he convinces the senate that he has learned the facts of life A Marshall 60 Former Mayor Dies Arleigh Marshall 60 pioneer in the cleaning and pressing business in Mason City and former mayor died Tuesday at p m He had been a resident of Mason City for the past 43 years Born on a farm near Waucoma Fayette county Oct 5 1889 Mr Marshall moved to Nora Springs with his family when he was 2 years of age He was graduated from the Nora Springs seminary in 1907 and came to Mason City right after graduation In Cleaning Business After a short time he entered the cleaning business and after sev eral locations entered partnership with Erdix Swift in 1917 and the firm of Marshall Swift Clean ers and Launderers was incor porated For 2 years he served as president of the state cleaners or ganization and he also was a past president of the National Cleaners and Dyers association He was elected mayor of Mason City in April 1940 and was re elected in 1941 Mr Marshall also served on the city council during the building of the Mason City Municipal airport President of Scouts As president of the North Iowa Council of Boy Scouts of America he was awarded the Silver Beaver State USDA I Skeptical of Hog Sabotage By EDWARD E BOMAR Washington and ag riculture department officials are skeptical that the cold war is to blame for a recent high death rate among hogs in the middle west corn belt Agriculture ex perts pushed ahead Wednesday with an investigation Suspicions that the losses might be caused by some kind of bio logical warfare waged by enemies of the United Nations were voiced Tuesday by Rep Karl Stefan Pointing to reports that farmers in his state have lost from 30 to 50 per cent of their hogs follow ing anticholera injections Stefan said he was asking FBI Director J Edgar Hoover and the agricul ture department to investigate Getting Worse This could wipe out our pork population Stefan said It is apparently some kind of plot to ruin our pork supply It has been going on since 1949 and appears to be getting worse But Dr B T Simms chief of the agriculture departments bu reau of animal husbandry re ported his agency has found no evidence to support the biological warfare idea The bureau investi gated reports of heavy hog losses in the midwest last year and is now carrying on an inquiry into recent losses The finding on last years hog mortality was that it was due to a variant or slight change in the form of the virus in the anti cholera vaccination process The serum is produced under department supervision The in vestigators found no evidence Dr Simms told a reporter of any tam pering with the production of the serum No Propaganda State department officials made it plain the government has no in tention of trying to make propa ganda capital out of the situation as the communists did in a simi lar one When potato bugs went on their annual rampage in east Germany last June Moscow and other com munist capitals loosed a blast of charges that American agents had spread the pests to damage the economy of the soviet occupation zone The state department ridi culed the charge Replying to a Russian complaint the U S said the soviet experts themselves had reported the potato bugs were thriving before the U S became a communist target Communist Czechoslovakia was told in a formal note that the po tato bug is unsuited to the role of an instrument of national policy AP Wircphoto TRAP CLOSED ON REDS IN POHANG AREA A UN task force led by Brig Gen Gar Davidson former West Point football hero and head coach rammed shut a trap on 3000 red Koreans Wednesday in the Kyonju area lifting a major threat to the Pohamj airport East of Yongchon the South Koreans advanced several miles There was very little action in the Taegu area C but the U S 25th division repulsed 2 efforts by the Koreans to storm dominating heights in the Masan D area Acheson Hand Seen Stronger in Big 3 Talks By JOHN M HIGHTOWEK New York Secre tary Johnsons resignation was seen hy U S and foreign diplo act that Acheson stays whil Johnson goes is thus interprete as confirmation of the president continuing confidence in Achesor h i c h also is the feeling o Achesons own close associates mats at the Wednesday Big 3 meeting here move strength about communism since his disas trovis mission to China McCarthy added that he will listen to Gen Douglas MacArthurs advice rath er than that of Secretary of State Acheson on the far east President Truman sent Marshall to China soon after the war to try to deal with conditions which ulti mately led to the red conquest of nationalist China McCarthy said It should be re membered that as a diplomat Mar shall did much to lose the war which as a soldier he had done so much to win ARLEIGH MARSHALL for distinguished service He was treasurer of the Winnebago coun cil Boy Scouts of America at the time of his death Mr Marshall was also a former president of the Mason City Lions club and was a member of olcnce lodge 145 A F and A M a 32nd degree Mason member of the Elks lodge the Eastern Star Chamber of Commerce Mason City Cemetery commission the Church of Christ Scientist and the board of directors of the United Home bank On May 8 1918 Mr Marshall was married to Ella Sawyer who preceded him in death Jan 22 1941 He was married to Eliza Killips Oct 19 1942 Family Survives Surviving are his wife and son Don Marshall Mason City a daughter Mrs John Knecht East Lansing Mich and 2 sisters Miss Arciey Marshall San Francisco Cal and Mrs Myrtle Huffman Mason City He was preceded in death by his 1st wife a brother Roe Marshall and his parents Services are incomplete The Major funeral home in charge NO OIL SO FAR Council Bluffs has been in progress about 10 days and reached 560 feet on southwest Iowas first oil test well Lee Dent Wichita Kans boss driller re ported Tuesday So far Dent said there have been no indications of an oilbearing formation LAST GAR COMMANDER DIES Vancouver Wash dore A Pcnland 101 last com manderinchief of the grand army of the republic died Wednesday 1 at Bnrnes hospitnt Weather Report FORECAST t Mason City Mostly cloudy through Thursday except some clearing early Wednesday eve ning Continued cool High Thursday 60 to 65 Low Wednes day night 45 Iowa Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday Low Wed nesday night 40 to 45 west 45 to 50 east High Thursday 61 to 66 Further outlook Scattered light frost in favorable localities in northwest and north central portions Thursday night Friday fair and cool Saturday general ly fair and warmer Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness Wednesday night partly cloudy Thursday continued rather night 5703 cool Low Wednesday 4348 High Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 56 53 53 07 40 ening Secretary of State Acheson in his drive to speed up the or ganization of a strong Atlantic al liance defense force in western Europe PresidentTrumans decision to name former Secretary of State George Marshall to succeed John son reinforced the view that Acheson policies will now have full and vigorous support of the Truman cabinet without the fric tions and delays which have been attributed to the socalled John sonAcheson feud Called Exaggerated Actually many insiders feel the importance of this feuds effects on policy has been considerably exaggerated although there is evidence that it has hampered the ability of the state and defense departments to work together on grave international issues for a year or so News of Johnsons resignation and Marshalls impending ap pointment hit the Big 3 confer ence like a bombshell Late in the evening Acheson himself w a s given detailed press reports but had nothing to say on the devel opment His associates were obviously cheered some had chafed for months under an Achesonim posed rule which said in effecl that if Johnson wanted to feud with him it was Johnsons busi ness but Achesons aides were no1 to fight back They were to keep their mouths shut Truman Trusts Acheson Diplomats normally sensitive to any ascendancy of military influ ence in policy making feel no fear on that score in connection with Marshall Rather it is the reverse The recent incidents of Navy Sec retary Matthews statement on preventive war and Gen Douglas MacArthurs outspoken views on Formosa tended to create fears in the state department that John son might be swinging away from the civiliandirected international policies of the government into a toughhanded military kind of policy Foreign diplomats in the main have not given evidence of deep concern over the possible effects on American foreign policy of the AchesonJohnson rift but there was speculation over where it would lead This dated back to the time when much af Washing ton expected that both Acheson and Johnson would be let out The UN to Discuss Formosa Next Lake Success Security council delegates after witnessing Bulge on Northeast s Flattened By LEIF ERICKSON Tokyo troops jot word Wednesday that hey will kick off on the of ensive soon against the big Korean war machine they lave battled to a standstill or a month Lt Gen Walton H Walker allied ground commander in Korea said in a fighting talk to his frontline troops Soon we are going to give up the attitude of defense as soon as we start forward and break the crust in front of us the enemy will fold We can feel a weakening of t h e enemy now In some positions they actually are pulling out Long Delaying Action The U S 8th army com mander described the long weeks of delayingaction as necessary agony anfl suffer ing Only through such an ordeal he the allies build up power for an offensive Walkers talk came as allied troops flattened the red Korean bulge on the northeast front in a triplethreat power drive The United Nations gains m a 3day offensive were the greatest in nearly a month They sealed much of the gap torn last week by communists in their massive breakthrough south from Kigye near the east coast 3000 Reds Trapped Resurgent South Korean troops driving east from Yongchon and northwest from Kyongju rolled back the communists To the east a mixed force of South Koreans and Americans rammed shut the southern gate of a mountain corridor trapping 3 000 red Koreans This task force was led by 47 yearold Brig Gen Gar Davidson former West Point football coach and right end It was a brilliant ations Wednesday for the open ing of the United Nations general assemblynext Tuesday They willtake up then commu nist Chinas charges of U S ag gression against the island of For mosa Russia Tuesday vetoed an Amer ican resolution to set up a com mission to investigate other red Chinese charges of American bombings of Manchuria The coun cil then decisively defeated a Rus sian1 moVc to condemnthe U S for the alleged attacks Only the Soviet Union voted for its pro posal Sussias 45th veto began sweep west from the Pohang area by Task force Davidson that trapped the reds Davidsons home is in Omaha Nebr Along the 125mile allied de fense perimeter this was the pic ture PohangYongchon Force Davidson closed a 3mile gap between Angang and Pohang From the west the South Korean 8th division thrust threefourths of the way to redheld Angang It has punched 12 miles in 3 days A South Korean regiment drove northwest from Kyongju to close this last gap Reds dug in on Hill 343 southwest of Angang were re isting fiercely High Ground Seized Taegu S 1st cavalry division elements attacked a stronglyfortified hill 8 miles north of Taegu This was in the immediate area where they stormed and won a hill Tuesday at heavy cost Other units seized high ground north of the Waegwan area a few miles west The reds pushed foot troopers off an im portant peak 9 miles northwest of Taegu Changnyong quiet Masan sector American big guns wiped out 200 red Koreans as they stormed a dominant peak 4 miles south of the NamNaktong river junction U S 25th division engineers battled 300 reds who had infiltrated the line Air support was called to help wipe out the pocket The triplepronged drive on the northeast front lifted a threat to Pohang airport and eased a situa tion that was considered desper ate only 9 days ago AP Correspondent Bern Price said the reds failure to exploit their massive breakthrough was 1 on the major mysteries of the war The reds swept in force through Angnng to the outskirts of Kyongju and into Yongchon gate way to Taegu Bad Penetration Task force Davidson was called to wipe out the threat to Pohang airfield The reds had driven a wedge last weekend 5 miles deep and 3 miles wide into the allied line between Angang and Pohang We watched the penetration and it gradually grew worse said Davidson The handsome exfootball star led a flying column of South Ko Sports Bulletin MAGLIE RECORD SPOILED New York Bell of the Pittsburgh Pirates lined a home run to the right field foul pole in the 7th inning Wednes day to end the scoreless pitching performance of Sal Maglie of New York at 45 innings This was just 5 outs short of breaking the National league record for consecutive scoreless innings set by Carl Huhbell of the New York Giants in 1933 Bell 1st up in the 7th drove the ball to the screen near the foul line 257 feet from the plate The Giants won 31 when the game was called at the end of the 7th inning because of rain 1YEAROLD HAS POLIO Iowa City Oneyearold John Whitesell of Waterloo was admitted to University of Iowa hospitals Tuesday as a polio patient His condition was reported as fair SAME Black lac meant traffic death in Uil A ;