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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 13, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 13, 1945, Mason City, Iowa 0 COUP AND ARCHIVES KOINES 1A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Full Leased Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 13 1945 DISCHARGE 20 ELDORA EMPLOYES ALLIES PERMIT JAPS TO ARREST I WAR CRIMINALS Report Condition of Tojo Satisfactory as He Eats Food Tokyo Eighth army head quarters empowered the Japanese government Thursday to round up the remaining Japanese on Gen eral Mac Arthurs wanted list No time limit was set but It was indicated that the government would have to show some progress Col Devereux Denies Radio Message Send Us More Japs Says Had More Than We Could Handle During Defense of Wake within 2 days or the would be withdrawn privilege The government had asked per mission to handle further arrests after Hideki Tojo deposed war time dictator shot himself 2 days ago while American officers ham mered at his door Now in satis factory condition and able to talk with correspondents Thursday Tojo had headed Mac Arthurs list of those sought for questioning about war crimes Japan Thursday reported for mally that its imperial headquar ters had been abolished in com Presents Sword Yokohama UK Gen Bldeki Tojo who failed in a suicide at tempt Tuesday has presented his ceremonial sword in a handsome chocolatecolored scabbard to Lt Gen Robert Eichelberger com mander of the 8th army Eichel berger said Tojo also begged Eich elbereers pardon from an Araeri can hospital bed for Inconven iencinB him I wonder if he means now or for the last 4 years Eichelberger said Tokyo Col James P Devereux denies that he ever sent the famous radio message Send us more Japs as his heroic little marine garrison was being over whelmed on Wake island in De cember 1941 Devereux was quoted by mem bers of an air evacuation group who visited his prison camp in the mountains of northern Hok kaido Tuesday Now in command of the camp Devereux told them The first thing Id like to get oh the rec ord is that we did not send out such a radio message We had all and more Japs than we could handle right then There were just too many of them for us to hold off any longer Sgt Al Martin of Roanoke Va who was in the rescue party said Devereux did tell them he had to give the cease fire order 3 times before his weary and out num bered marines would quit the hopeless struggle Devereux is thin and gray but otherwise appears healthy Mar tin said The camp was in fairly good condition and Devereux said he had been treated well compared with stories we had heard from other prisoners American casualties on Wake were riot great Devereux said of several groups of marines we lost 5 officers and 41 men 5 navy officers and 58 men we lost 3 men and as well as I re call of approximately 1200 civ ilian workers we lost about 37 pliance with MacArthurs orders and MacArthur announced that ft Gen Walter Krucger vof rithe 6th army and VIceAdm A P Keast Is Named Superintendent for MethodistDistrict Sept Mi tor prepare for its occupation 2 days later Tojo offered no defense of his militarist government which launched the Pearl Harbor attack while Prince Fumlmaro Konoye present vice premier blamed mil itarists like Tojo for his own fall vieti avert war Konoye interviewed by Asso ciated Correspondent Rus sell Brines said he tried vainly to Roosevelt in the summer of 1941 and believed he could Have avoided the war by doing soj but the militarists yand Japans reputation as a liar blocked the meeting The Japanese government long nave had Taprgputation as liars he told Brines because they were unableitb control Japanese militarists irrthe field or often didnt know what the militarists were doing Prince Konoyecalled on Gen eral MacArthur Thursday allied headquarters announced without Japans business lealjers empha sized in an interviealp Thursday that both the and the industrialists knew Before sur render that the warjwas before the first atomic bomb dropped but that militarists wouldnt admit it and we in dustrialistswere 190 cowardly to speak nationj they said was industrially paralyzed and on the verge of starvation As Tojo raised to a semisitting position ate his first food since his attempted suicide Tuesday others who had played major roles with him since the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor either were be ronnded up or were dome more effective job of tion The navy minister in Tojos in famous Pearl Harbor cabinet Adm Shigetaro Shimada sur rendered quietly at his home to an American officer saying he had contemplated suicide but t changed his mind Like Tojo he faces questioning and possible court martial as a war criminal But the man whom the Japa nese war machine had planned to lead the defense of Honshus vital Kanto pjain against American in vasion Field Marshal Gen Sugi yarha killed himself with a pistol shot through the head at his of fice near the emperors palace regret thef war ended in such a way he had told his aide Colonel Tanaka and as I was in an important post I keenly feel my responsibility and am await ing a significant opportunity to do away with myself One Japans 3 field marsh als member of the Kwantnng array clique and a former war minister Suglyama found that opportunity Wednesday while his wife was killing herself at her home He had not been named on list of more than 2 score whose field Iowa for 4years has been appointed superintendent of th Ottumiva district Bishop Charle W Brashares of the Des Moine areaof the Methodist church an nounced Thursday He announced also that the Rev Alvin T Maberry Buffalo Center would succeed the Rev Jame Uhling at Shenandoah Sept 20 Mr Uhling has become pastor a St Johns Methodist church i Davenport Dr Keast will succeed the Rev Dr W Frank Lister now pasto of the First Methodist church a Boone Polk County Druggist to Resist Sale of DDT Des Moines repu table manufacturers label DD with proper warnings of its dang ers and proper methods for i use the Polk county Druggist association will resist its sal the association has reportei Members said the action was pu in the form of a resolution as public service Buy your Victory Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazef carrier LT COLDEVEREUX Blind Girl o England for Wedding Colorado Springs Colo A blind girl Mary Mansfield 33 and her dog have started the long journey to Eng and where Miss Mansfield will ved her blind fiance in the cul mination of a romance that began n braille 10 years ago Miss Mansfield a Phi Beta hon ors graduate of Colorado college and the operator of a newsstand n Springsjosjofflee POLIO CASES REPORTED IN 26 COUNTIES State Health Officials Emphasize No Cause forAlarm Over Disease Des Moiries par alysis cases have been reported in at least 26 Iowa counties thus far this year the state health depart ment reported Thursday Although the department said the preval ence was greater than normal it emphasized there is no cause for alarm Two deaths have been re ported recently from the disease in Mason City but no new case have been reported and the tola number of cases stands at 20 ac cording Thursday to Dr C M Franchere city health director who sends in the report for all physicians in the city to the state Outside of Mason City in Cerro Gordo county the individual physicians send their reports to the state health department di rectly Up to Sept 1 the department said 17 cases had been reported compared with 64 for the same period a year ago Ther largest con centration of cases was in north central Iowa with Cerro Gordo county reporting 13 cases Mitch ell 9 Floyd T and Hancock 4 Otlter counties with high totals were Folk with 10 and Black Hawk 6 Three cases have been re ported in Clay county 2 cases each in OBrien Kossuth Wright Web ster Story and Linn counties and one each in Lyon Worth Winne shiek pocahontas W o o d b u r y Grundy Tama Dallas Warren Broadcasting Firms on Air But Strike On New York IP The strike of about 500 union radio technicians in 350 stations of the National and American Broadcasting companies continued Thursday with both networks on the air their controls manned by supervisorypersonnel not connected with the union A T fowley president of the National Association of Broadcast ing engineers and technicians an Independent union said the men would remain away from Iheir jobs until contract negotiations were resumed The National Broadcasting com pany in a statement said it was willing to resume negotiations the minute the men return to work and otherwise are ready to submit COTT AGE HE ADS FIRED IN STATE SCHOOL Col Lainson Explains Dismissal Because of General Incompetence OPERATION FOR James Johnson 1st cav alry division medical officer right operates on Gen Hideki Tojo former Japanese premier after he had shot himself in the chest in a suicide attempt AP wirephoto from signal corps via navy radiophoto on to arbitration Negotiations for a contract to IOE has nevermet spectpjviri an electric plarif Blind since birth Miss Mans field formerly edited a braille magazine Marstom who was blinded in an accident when he was 14 was a contributor A tier a threeyear correspondence they became engaged and the war then their marriage for six delayed years The ceremony will be pertormed Miss Mansfield said late next month in a little church across the street from the home of her fiances mother Intervention by Colorados Sen ator Ed Johnson in the United States and a member ofj ment in England made the long trip possible now for Miss Mans field and her dog Arta With Arta unhappy in a muzzle Miss Mansfield left Wednesday by Continental Airlines for New York and will sail Saturday aboard the Cunard liner Jutlandia for South ampton Mahaska Union Clarke and Ap panoose counties public concern over the disease the department a s seHJsff thai cWid n sev eral hundred of the population Is apt fo show clinical signs of the disease The department said however that it is best to play safe and give full attention to anything which might indicate presence of infantile paralysis In early stages it was explained fever de velops along with a tired feeling and sometimes gaslrointestinal difficulties and perhaps a mild sore throat or cough After several days there is a headache stiffness in the neck or back tenderness to touch snd ir the disease develops severe form Prompt important the depart ment said Where there is ade quate medical and nursing super vision it is not necessary to close schools the department said Reopen Hotel DCS Moines ff The Hotel Savery in Des Moines which was used by the Womens Army Corps for 2 years is to be reropened to Kiwahian Resigns Des Moines IP The Des Moines Kiwanis club has lost the secretary it elected at its first meeting 26 years ago with the resignation of Sam W Dorsey re ported to be the oldest Kiwanis SHOE RATIONING MAY END OCT 1 WPB Leather Bureau Recommends Ending Washington ration ing may end October 1 It will if top Officials of the war production boardfollow rec ommendations of the agencys leather bureau Its the job of that bareau shoe sitr will be made inthe next week or so after conferences between WPB Chairman J A Krug and OPA Administrator Chester Bowles OPA shoe officials are not ex pected to voice any strenuous ob jections to the WPB proposal al though October IS and November 1 have been mentioned more fre quently within OPA as likely dates for ending the program There is not complete agree ment in WPB on the October 1 date The agencys office of ci vilian requirements reportedly wants to make sure before com mitting itself that stocks and the production outlook are adequate to permit unrestricted buying Both OPA and WPB have indi cated that when shoe output reaches the rate of 30000000 pairs a month rationing can be ended The recommendation of WPBs leather bureau is said to be based on strong indications that such a rate will be achieved next month If it is it will be only about 3 Army Reveals Faster Plans for Discharge THURSDAY IN CONGRESS Senators hear army to dis charge 800000 a month by De cember Navy renews plea to keep some Pearl Harbor facts secret Surplus property disposal Soon to be oneman job Washfrigton amiy tbid senators it expects fo be discharg ing 800000 men a month by Dec I The navy asked congress again to reveal part of the Pearl Harbor story the part about the Japanese code Congress listened to the army and mixed feelings That the situation on capi tol hill Thursday along with con gressional replace one which expired June 1944 collapsed Wednesday at p m the union sent a 30day strike notice to the companies and at G p m NBC and ABC said the technicians walked out NBC broadcasts were interrupted for 15 minutes and ABC for a half hour until nonunion members took over controls Powley Thursday telegraphed John AlacDonald vice president of j the National Broadcasting com pany and Joseph McDonald of ABCs legal denariment that the union is perfectly willing to sit in continuous session and bargain on wages and conditions until a new contract is negotiated and they will immediately return to work lyhen the companies show good faith in bargaining and make an agreement He said the union had been ad vised by counsel the companies action constituted a lockout NBC in a statement said the property news about surplus Standard time Government corporations Air ports High avmy officers did some union staged the unauthorized and wildcat strike to secure their completely unjustified wage demands said the men receive from to monthly for a St day that theyare obligedto work up to 42 hours a day without overtime He said the union sought a general wage in crease averaging 35 per cent in all classifications and overtime after 8 hours in any one dav Station WEAF NBCS key sta tion was forced to cancel plans to broadcast the city hall reception for Gen Jonathan M Wainwright because of the strike In all 156 NBC stations and 199 ABC stations were affected Both networks went off the air at mid Eldora 20 employes of the Eldora State Training School for Boys were discharged Thursday by Col Per cyA Lainson acting superinten dent in a sweeping reorganiza tion at the institution Among those discharged were 1 cottage managers and their wives who direct and supervise boys housed in the cottages Others re leased included miscellaneous em ployes Lainson said Until re placements are made members of the state guard on duty at the school will take over management of the cottages Referring to those dismissed Lainson said They were fired because of general incompetence Among the cottage managers and their wives who were dis missed were Mr and Mrs A M Martin who had been employed at the school 23 years Mr and Mrs Houard Modlin Mr and Mrs Freins Mr and Mrs Carroll Heilly Mr and Mrs Webb Wilson and Mr and Mrs William Simp son Simultaneously with the dis charges classes at the school were dismissed Thursday and ageneral reorganization of the different boys groups was started Lainson warden of the Tort Madison state penitentiary who is serving as temporary superinten dent of the training school said that after a conference with Col D W Moss commander of the 000000 pairs short of the monthly rate 1939 secretary in point of service m the BILL TO HELP STATE Washington Harness has introduced a bill to restore all state fair ground prop erties held by the government during the war The legislation he said would assure the resumption of state fairs next year The Iowa state fair grounds is among those being used by the government Since 1942 it has been an air forces supply depot Iowa fair officials have expressed a de sire for release of the property so the annualexposition can be resumed next year more explaining before the senate military committee on their plans for faster discharges Before the hearing opened Sen ator Edwin C Johnson D Colo said the army had given him the 800000 a month forecast and he said it sounded good to him Johnson said he also was told there will be 171 army separation centers by Dec 1 There are 22 now As for the Pear Harbor facts It was learned that the navy has renewed its plea for continued secrecy for portions of the naval Inquiry boards report on the 1941 disaster These portions have to do with breaking the Japanese code night the usual time after recorded and news broad casts replaced usual programs Wednesday Weather Report SAYS BRITISH HAVE PROBLEM But Congress Must Approve Any Help Washington ff Undersecre FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and arrests have been General MacArthur ordered by THIS WAS A TARGET FOR U S the U S B29s based on the Mari anas used it for a target this mass of wreckage was the Mitsubishi aircraft engine plant at Nagroya Japan AP wirephoto K A Engr continued cool Thursday scat tered light frost likely on low ground Friday partly cloudy and slightly warmer in the aft ernoon Iowa Partly cloudy and continued cool Thursday and Thursday night Friday fair and warmer Minnesota Generally fair Thurs day night and Friday Continued cool Thursday night A little south portion Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 66 Minimum Wednesday 41 At 8 a m Thursday 48 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 5i Precipitation 06 Meantime the lawmaking ma have cliinery is gathering speed Here is the situation on 1 proposals that moved ahead Wednesday LEFTOVER WAR GOODS The senate followedthe house and passed a bill to snuff out the 3 man surplus property board and substitute one boss probably W Stuart President Tru man is sure to sign it because he asked lor it STANDARD house passed a bill to turn Americas clocks back one hour on Sept 30 The senate is expected to do like wise GOVERNMENT CORP ORA TIONS The house passed the Whittington bill which would bring federal corporations like RFC arid stricter con gressional control This action ac tually was a victory for the TVA and thefarm credit agencies for they are exempt from certain con trols provided for in the bill senate passed a bill to put up federal cash for a big program of airport building The house has a different version before it but hasnt acted on il yet tary State Acheson said Thurs day that the British arc in a very serious financial situation but that any help given them will ive to be approved by congress largely for this reason Acheson old a news conference the pres iit AngloAmerican talks will not at first produce what he termed definitive settlements on any of he various financial and commer cial problems Instead they will ead io further actions bjr the 2 governments The British themselves are re ported preparing a sharethewar ost plan for submission to the Jnited States as a basis for urg ng an American grant of between and The general American attitude s that no sort of grant is possible and that the British will have to content with some kind of longterm low cost loan Two main contentions made by the British sharethewar cost plan The senateapproved bill would grant a yearfor 5 be matched by states and cities That would total 000000 The house version okayed by the house interstate commerce committee would grant 000 over a 10 year period not more than in any one year Navy Enlists 39 Des Moines navy re cruiting office here reportec Wednesday that 39 17 year olds left Monday night for San Diego Cal the first Iowa group to be recruited under the voluntary en listment plan now effective state guard force of 2 companies thousands of demerits which had beengiven tothe participated ah 3 mass since Aug 29 virtually had been wiped out Heretofore the practice has been to wipe out all meritsa boy has earned if he escapes In general with a few excep tions we are wiping out such de merits and starting with a clean slate Lainson said He added that the action does not include the wiping out of any demerits acquired by the boys previous to the escapes nor does it include wiping out of some de merits given the boys for various violations since the escapes Explaining the action on elimi nating penalties for the escapes Lainson said many of the escapees had been returned to custody be fore they ever left the grounds We didnt feel that reports on some other boys were justified hence we just wiped out the es cape demerits and started out with a clean slate so far as penalties for the escapes were con cerned he added His action was taken following a 3hour conference in Des Moines Wednesday with Colonel Moss Gov Robert D Blue Attorney General John M Rankin Hardin County Attorney D W Dickinson Chief R W Nebergall of the State Bureau of Investigation and oth 1 That figures show Britains relative cost of defeating the axis powers was greater than the rela tive cost of the United States 2 That it is to the American in terest to help finance Britains reconversion without Imposing unbearable obligations One practical application of the plan as suggested by some Brit ish sources would be to make lendlease retroactive to the start of the European war and return to Britain approximately 000000 spent for war purposes in this country prior to the start of the mutual aid program Lord Keynes a member of the British economic mission which opened negotiations here Tues day says the financial help Brit ain needs to become a great trad ing nation again is around 000000000 to Bnr your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ers concerned with the Eldora situation A committee of 7 district judges will investigate the laws pertain ing to commitment of youths to the Eldora State Training School for Boys at the request of Gov Robert D Blue District Judge Norman R Hayes of Knoxville president of the Iowa District Judges Association said Thurs day Judge Hayes appointed the fol lowing to the committee Judges JFenn H Cooney of Carroll chair man Tedford W Miles of Cory don C R Stafford of Muscatine T H Cohesn of Calmar Charles Roc of Council Bluffs Ralph C Prichard of Sioux City and Joseph E Meyer of Des Moines The governor had asked Judge Hayes to appoint the committee The judge said he had recom mended that the committee report to the association and that the as sociation make suggestions for re vision of the juvenile penal code Judge Hayes commented that last year a committee district judges made a direct report to the legislature on suggested changes in the divorce laws and it met considerable opposition in the leg islature He said he thought a re port through the committee would be more effective Meanwhile the states investiga tion of conditions at the training school was broadened to include an interview with every boy con fined at the school Gov Robert D Blue announced Wednesday that the interviews would be conducted by the state bureau of criminal investigation in the presence of a state fruard member None of the information ob tained from the interviews will ;