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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 13, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCMSTMtuT cf THE NEWSfAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Fras and United Plea Full Five Cento Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 13 1M4 Paper Consists of Two NO I Destruction Left by War in France By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 15 Cherbourg Air term total war took on a new reality and meaning for me late yes t erday when riding in an air force Jeep I came through the peninsular city of Monte bourg Destruction at St Mere Eglise near where I spent the day f o 11 o w i ng an early morning disembarking on ah historic had PIERCE PRIMARY NAZI DEFENSE Greatest Plane Attack in History Rocks Rhineland HALL 16 INCH GUNS BLAST JAPS ON PALAU ISLANDS Attacks of Prelnvasion Intensity Rip Bases Guarding Philippines By LEONARD MILLEMAN Associated Press War Editor The 16 inch guns of American battleships have joined in bom bardments of preinvasion intensi beachhead given me an im pressive introduction to wars havoc But it was at Montebourg that I saw destruction at what seemed to me to be its most terrifying scale If in this little city about the size of Charles City Iowa there is I ty being poured on Japaneseheld a single building intact it guardingthe southern ap caped my notice Some of the busproaches to the Philippines iness blocks and homes have gapNew tlows reported by the con ing holes in their tile roofs But verging forces Adm Cheste most of them are completely w Njmitz ahd Gen Dougla razed Not even churches have escaped destruction Bell towers you see favorite observation sites for the nazis as allied troops moved inland from their beachheads The countryside was littered with the ruined remnants of tanks airplanes and gliders Here and there were giant craters in the yellowish soil left by shells from naval craft off shore The pavement over nearly every culvert shows the effects of having blown op by mines planted by the Germans as they moved back under the force of allied mechan ized might Prominent in the heavy traffic which choked the roads were horsedrawn vehicles bearing the household effects of Normandys natives who had moved out weeks ago to escape wars fury Some of them were going back to intact homes Others many others were going back to repair damages ranging from holes in roof to complete destruction Small children lined the roads Frommost of them was a friendly wave of thehand and a smile Some were wearing cloth ing given to them by Americans including oversized hobnail shoes Meadows were green and cattle which would be the envy of an Iowa dairyman or beefraiser were grazing peacefully in deso MacArtnur hit coastal defenses o half a dozen islands within 600 miles of the Philippines keeping the Japanese guessing as to where assault troops willstrike Tokyo radio has repeatedly warned in recent weeks of an impending in vasion in the area Battleships opened up their big guns on the Palau islands for the first time Monday V S time as carrier planes struck at shore bat teries and coastal defenses for the 5th time within a week Naval warplanes loosed 120 tons of bombs and 150 rockets in the last 2 days of their attack on Babelthuap largest of the Palau group and Peleliu and AngauV southernmost of the islands and unprotected by the barrier reef YANKS CROSS MEUSE RIVER AS ENEMY FIRE BURSTS WIDErAmericans of an infantry division cross a bridge over the Meuse river in Belgium near the town of Houz as enemy shells aimed at the bridge burst wide inthe background Associated Press wire photo from signal corps Kayenay engraving Landbased strikes have bombers whose been interspersed with carrier raids smashed anew at Ngesebiis airdrome on this is land fortress 600 miles east of tie Philippines Liberators poured a record 202 ton load of explosives on the Man ado area of the 300 miles southof the Philippines Night patrols followed up with at the Marianas at Marcus island to the southeast American command ers announced a strike at I wo in the Volcano islands south of To kyo With the bombers striking from all directions a Tokyo broadcast said 1000000 of theNippon capi tals 7000000 residents had been moved out of the area to escape air raids A London broadcast speculated that an overall commander for the war against Japan would be namedat the RqoseveltChurchill conferenceiin Quebec It said lie probably be Van American Nazi Propagandists Try to Bolster Morale for Defense London IF Predicting that a new allied surrender ultimatum vould emerge from the RocseveltChurchill conference in Quebec the Berlin radio told the German people Wednesday that to give in now vould allow the allies to gain vic ory by sneaking through the jackdoor The broadcast disclosed that similar warnings were published by all German mornine news japers as nazi propacandUi tacks on shore defenses Halmahera another sonthern stepping stone 300 miles from the Philippines was raided by allied 1heayy units in strength Tiny Taland island midway between Halmahera and the Philippines was also bombed So were Timor and Boeroe to the In land action Mac Arthur re ported 704 Japanese had been killedand 116 taken prisoner on New Guinea lated surroundings Many livestock had been killed but many re mained in this area which has been known as Frances bread basket Orchards hung heavy with ap ples of an undersized variety used as the basis of one of Nor mandys principal industries cider and calvados The latter Frances equivalent of Americas applejack has the effect of making French men forget all about the temporarily As we neared Cherbourg we began seeing evidences of the Hit ler coastal fortifications which were assumed to be impregnable Here and there in strategic loca tions were the remnants of pill boxes On high ground were forts of massive concrete copstruction with guns covering wide stretches of valley ground All of these had been ground into powder by American heavy guns and bombs Hedgerows which line almost every foot of Normandys roads had provided perfect cover for nazi snipers Every few milesthis sign along the road reminded us of the heavy fighting which had occurred in that very area only a few weeks ago This ground cleared of mines only to hedgerow That meant there was death still lurking in the fields only a few paces from where we were bouncing along at 40 miles an hour 60 RECEIVING TRAINING IowaCity IP William D Coder director of the University of Iowas veterans service an nounced Tuesday that 60 honor ably discharged war veterans were receiving training under the vet erans vocational rehabilitation program at the university Urge Foreign Free News Policy So Minds of People Cant Be Poisoned Is Sought Washington United States is prepared soon to make a strong bid among the other unit ed nations to obtain a world guar antee for a free news policy that would make it impossible for a fu ture Germany or Japan or any na tion to poison the minds of their people with warprovoking propa ganda Assistant Secretary of State Adolf A Berle Jr has been work ing on this problem and has drawn up an American proposal that may be submitted to other united na tions inthe near future Resolutions calling for such free press guarantees have been in troduced in both the house and senate by Rep J William Ful bright D Ark and Sen Robert A TafL Tokyo reported fresh air blows from the Aleutians at the Kurile islands north of Japan and from WESTERN FRONT Slofufe Miles NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND ON GERMAN longer can Hitler boast that the enemy can German soil American 1st army troops under Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges arewithin the reich and have met the enemy north of the frontier town of Trier 1 55 miles from the Rhine and the great indus trial city of Koblenz 2 the British 2nd army strikes across the Netherlands border toward weakest stretch of the Siegfried line 3 Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army battles on broad front across Moselle riverand 4 3rd army patrols meet advance elements of the United States 7th army driving up from southern France in the vicinity of Sombemon morale for thef inaldef of the reich by harping on the theme IKat defeat would be worse than Versailles and that Germany must fight to the bitter end A political offensive is in the making along the lines of Presi dent Wilsons 14 points in view of the terrific losses which the allies will have to face during the com ing phases of the onslaught against Germany declared Adolf Hitlers Voelkischer Boebachter In this way victory would be obtained by sneaking through the backdoor The allies know full well that Germany will play out decisive trump cards in the near future and that the war must be won now at all costs A dispatch from Switzerland however declared that Col Gen Heinz Guderian chief of the Ger man general staff with the sup port of his field marshals and the whole high command had advised Hitler that the worst could be ex pected at any moment At the sametime other neutral reports indicated the nazi party itself was divided into Z factions under Hitler Heinrich Himmler Paul Joseph Goebhels and Joachim von Ribbentrop called the vernichtungspartei or destruction partythe other under Beichsmarshal Herman Goering known as the friedens partei or peace party A German broadcast Wednes day called upon the people of the Rhineland to defend yourselves to the utmost Dr Joseph Saal a political com mentator said With all his might the enemy is pressing forward to gain a foot ing on Hhenish territory and you the people of western Germany once again are being subjected to ever increasing air terror Today we are calling on you to defend yourselves to the ut most Just as East Prussia rose to defend herself so we know you too will stand up to the test Today there is no difference be tween these socalled liberators and the bloodthirsty Russians Use Scrap Lumber at Penitentiary Plant Fort Madison little fac tory has been established within the furniture factory at the state penitentiary to use scrap lumber which previously went into a kindling pile The little factory makes wooden novelties such as childrens dinette sets blocktop coffee tables childrens kiddie cars whatnots small shelves and other items The items are sold commercially and Warden P A Lainson said other items of the same type may be made later IOWAN IN CHARGE On the German Luxembourg Border under Lt Col Fred E Resscgieur of Sioux City Iowa had charge of keeping the long columns moving Tuesday at Mersch in the center of Luxem l bourg Supreme Headquarters ff A spokesman for Gen Dwight D Eisenhower told for eign workers in northwest west and southwest Germany Wednes day to flee the gestapos man hunt for soldiers and trench dig gers and to leave the factories You are in danger he said in a broadcast but in the next few days you may have the great est opportunities for action In a desperate effort to eliminate al lied support among the workers Himmler plans to repeat in the west what he and the gestapo have already done sothoroughly in the east NAZIS DISCLOSE LOSS OF NORTH POLISH BASTION Lomza Capture Clears Way for Red Smash Into East Prussia BULLETIN London Marshal Stalin announced Wednesday night the capture of Lomza 20 miles south of East Prussia and one of the strongest German positions in North Poland London German high command Wednesday admitted the loss of Lomza North Poland de fense bastion anchoring the nazi defenses below East Prussia and northeast of Warsaw The reported fall of Lomza to Russian assault forces driving through the network of German fortifications along the riv er cleared the way for a red army smash 21 miles northward to East Prussia Moscow dispatches said the red air force had begun big scale sweeps over East Prussia They hinted that soviet forces arrayed along a broad stretch of its eastern border might be ready for a push on to German soil perhaps in concert with a drive up from the Lomza area Northeast of Ostroleka our troops in the course of hard fight ing during which Lomza was abandoned foiled a soviet break through which the enemy at tempted on awide front a Berlin communique said A soviet front dispatch relayed by Moscow said the Russians had pierced the outer fortifications of Lflmza 75 miles northeast of Warr saw and smashed into the sub urbs of the the East Prussian border The Germans counterattacked furiously the dispatch said en gaging special assault groups of armored and motorized forces The German communique said violent soviet attacks continued and Krosno in lower Poland where Berlin has said the red army has been waging a big scale offensive aimed toward Carpathian Softening Up Air Barrage Is Continued By VIRGIL PINKLEY Supreme Headquarters AEF greatest aerial bom bardment in history rocked the German Rhineland Wednesday as 2 American tank columns rode roughshod through the nazi bor derlands east of Belgium and Lux embourg blazing an invasion path for 6 powerful allied armies massed along the frontier from Switzerland to the North sea Headquarters revealed that bombs were dropping on the Sieg fried line and its supporting bases at the rate of six tons a minute day and night in a mighty sof ten ingup barrage that thundered into its 6th straight day Wednes day On the heels of a dramatic warning from Gen Dwight D Eisenhower that German civilians must quit the Ruhr and Rhineland or be bombed out a great parade of American and British warplanes swarmed out over the advancing allied armies Wednesday morning to spread new ruin through the enemys west wall fortifications 10000 Tons of BombsSeer Nazis London of air attacks against Germany Wed nesday sent upwards of 10000 tons of fire and explosive bombs CRASHING AND SEEKING the nation which Gen Dwight D Eis enhower warned to prepare for high and low level air attacks at any hour of the day or night Thousands of heaSry light and medium bombers and clouds of fighters flew through sunny skies against the reich from England TAKE ROTGEN ACROSSBORDER FROM BELGIUM Patton Tanks Flush Nazis From Woods Into Sights of Airplanes By JAMES M LONG London d9Ugh boys invading Germany have cap tured Rotgen 9 miles southeast of the stronghold of Aachen and stormed Wednesday against pill boxes and antitank obstacles of the Siegfried line beyond the town Rotgen is 6 miles east of Eupen Belgian border town from which the first army launched this northernmost breakthrough into Germany The troops quickly penetrated primary enemy defenses in the area an Associated Press dispatch from Rotgen said Berlin acknowledges loss of an outpost of the west wall without identifying the area There was no news of the other invasion column which burst 5 miles into the reich G5 miles far ther south northwest of Trier Americans of the U S 3rd army below this front also crashed for ward from their bridgehead across the Moselle above Nancy Ar mored columns advanced 8 miles in less than 2 hoursWednesday a front dispatch declared and steel spearheads of Lt Gen George S Pattons army swung into high gear for the first time in al most 2 weeks This armored advance flushing Italy and France massive fleets of Before dawn British heavy from woods Into the sights of circling allied planes Germans Workers there have been sent to man the fortifications Thou sands of other workers including potential leaders and women have been herded into concentra tion camps as hostages Workers in the Ruhr and Rhineland are at this moment un der threat of the same danger Here are your instructions for meeting this danger for sav ing your own lives and for aiding the allied armies Leave all German factories at once Go underground Go into hiding either in the towns or ori the land You must act immediately so leave the fac tories now The safest place is on the land German farmers are in need of labor Many will give you food and shelter The nazis have not the men to spare to search for you or to control your move ments Further instructions will be given to you by radio and by leaflets dropped from allied planes Krakow and the passes to Hungary Violent fighting also flared up below Warsaw In the course of which the Soviets supported by numerous batttle planes and tanks were able to achieve a penetra tion A Polish underground commu nique reported Soviet attacks in the Praga district Praga is the eastern suburb of Warsaw on the east bank of the Vistula river Soviet and German air battles are taking place with malked soviet the commu nique said It added that a Ger man withdrawal from the east bank of the Vistula increased Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and continued cool Wednesday night Thursday fair and warmer Iowa Partly cloudy and continued cool Wednesday and Wednesday night followed by fair and war mer Thursday Friday increas ing cloudiness and rather warm with showers beginning over west portion in afternoon or evening Moderate winds Minnesota Partly cloudy slightly cooler south and east portion Wednesday night Thursday fair v and warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 68 Minimum Tuesday night 54 At 8 a m Wednesday 58 Kain 06 Inch YEAR AGO Maximum S3 Minimu m 50 Precipitation CH Claims Trained Crews Have to Wait Until Vessels Are Finished San Diego Cat Pa cific victory timetable is being held up because west coast ship building is behind schedule Rear Adm W L Friedell commandant of the llth naval district declared Wednesday Trained navy crews have to stand around idle until thrir ves sel is finished he said This lowers their morale and slows up our chances of victory in the Pa cific Friedell urged all civilian workers to stay on the job after tne surrender of Germany bombers bad saturated Frankfort arid Stuttgart behind ihe Siegfried line while Mosquitoes plunged 2 ton bombs into Berlin Preliminary counts showed at least 50 German fighters de stroyed in this 6th successive day of heavy air offensive against the nazis These fell victims to 1000 Thunderbolts Mustangs and Lightnings which accompanied an equal number of bombers striking deep in central southern and western Germany in quest of oil resources jet plane plants and other military targets The count of Flying Fortress and Liberator victories was not yet made Thirty Germans were shot from the sky 20 more planes were de stroyed agroundi American los ses were not immediately tabu lated The German air force has been forced back from the Rhine to central Germany and gave trouble to tne Americans only in the Leip zig area and on a smaller scale than in the past 2 days The end was not yet At 6 p m the German radio said bomb ers were approaching western and northwestern Germany in an other major assault Just before that warning a huge fleet of British heavy bomb ers had crossed the channel Stuttgart and Frankfurt were seered and blackened with some 3000 tons of bombs Tuesday night while Berlin caught a hundred 2 tenners The American heavy bombers in daylight rained ap outflanked the Germans defense position on tne Moselle Iff oljowed fepnSse fantrymen of a German night at tack that once penetrated 500 yards into American lines Other American columns on the northern sector of the front had thrust to or near the reichs fron tier at 2 or more points Berlins broadcast of loss of a west wall outpost was the first disclosure to the German people that the ground war had surged into their homeland The invasions gaining new power from reinforcements of men and armor have struck from Eupen in Belgium to a point 10 miles south of Aachen a Siegfried line bastion and 5 miles into Germany northwest of Trier from proximately 3300 tons of bombs on 4 oil centers 2 factories and a jet fighter plane field The night attacks cost the RAF 25 aircraft Intruder planes shot down 2 German night fighters Buy your AVar Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Oct 31 Is Set as Outside Date for German Collapse London United States war planning chiefs were reported Wednesday night to have established Oct 31 as the tentative out side date for the collapse of organized resistance in Germany Without discounting the possibility that victory may come more quickly a responsible nonBritish source said the date had been pin pointed by the United States war production board after consultation through usual military channels in plans for partial industrial re conversion from war to civilian production It was emphasized however that while plans were predicated upon the end of widescale warfare in Europe by Oct 31 there would be no sacrificing of requirements for the war in the The necessity of settinga even though several imponderables require it to be said to be obvious because the experts need a starting point for allocat ing material and charting the flow and type of production to prevent economic dislocations aft er the demands of war in Europe end The imponderables could work either way A new revolt against Hitler could shorten the war by weeks On the other hand should the nazis turn up effective new weapons these might delay the end until the extend ed supply throw in new weapons of their own It is probable however that the reported allied time table is basec on the belief that German resist ance will come to an end through a process of disintegration rather than by sudden collapse Luxembourg The Berlin radio also declared Americans of the 3rd army had pushed across the Moselle river below Nancy advancing on Lune ville 15 miles to the southeast An offensive aimed at forcing the entire Moselle line on a broad front is in full swing the bitter fluctuating fighting especially south of Nancy it added Artillery battered at naii de fenses and allied planes tumbled 10000 tons ot bombs on the reich Allied strategy was apparently developing multipronged threats to the German line SEEKING BREAKTHROUGH points Supreme headquarters wrapped all operations in secrecy and at the evening press conference gave no word of American advances nor of fresh developments on any other sector of the huge allied front JThere was no news of the inva sion northwest of Trier since the initial announcement it had car ried 5 miles into Germany Nor were there disclosures of the crossing 65 miles to the north beyond announcement it had gone 6 miles east of Eupen Here the Americans ivere within 10 miles south of Aachen a Siegfried line stronghold Twice the Germans counter attacked but they were thrown back or held A new American 9th disclosed to be fighting in an undesignated sector The junc ion of the 3rd and 7th armies was trengthened The 3rd the knocking at German defenses in multiple threats any of which might explode into a fullforce on slaught Lt Gen George S Pattons men had cleared almost all the west bank of the Moselle and were building a broad bridgehead on the east bank between FontA Mousson and Nancy The German high command said the Americans were advancing across the upper Moselle toward Lunevillc 15 miles southeast of Nancy Metz was being shelled To the north more heights were won commanding Thionville 10 miles from Germany The British 2nd irmy stead ily was expanding its break through of the Albert Canal line in a wedge into Holland It built ;