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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 13, 1943, Mason City, Iowa JL i 343 11 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT QF AflCHIVES itf 4 THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PHESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 13 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 290 FIERCE FIGHT RAGES NEAR SALERNO Allies Take Salamaua Airdrome Drive on Lae JAPANESE TELL Of US RAID ON KURILE ISLANDS British Send Many Heavier Naval Units to Far East Theater By C YATES McDAMEL Alned Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific Jap anese garrison at Salamaua Mon day made desperate attempts to keep open a trail to Lae its only channel of escape so tight was the allied surface and aircraft blockade along northeastern New Guineas coastal barge route Australian pioneers who swam the flooded Francisco river Saturday had overrun prized Salamaua airdrome Z miles from the city without en countering resistance The surprise move left rem nants of the enemy garrison hold ing only the narrow peninsula on which the town of Salamaua it self is situated together with a Iimile deep mainland zone at its base After seizing the airfield the Australians droie north aucl east toward Salamaua 2 miles away and made a fresh contact with the enemy along a jutting ridge a mile and a half north of the airdrome At the same time seaborne al lied troops from the east and air borne forces from the northwest slowly closed their lines on Lae 18 miles above Salamaua and except for that tottering base the only remaining Japanese position of consequence anywhere along the 175mile rim of Huon Gulf Both fighting units encoun lered opposition but neither Mondays allied communique nor a f spokesman for Gen Douglas MacArthur gave any suggestion that they were checked seriously in their joint advance The east force having succeed ed in establishing 2 bridgeheads across the Busu river 4 miles west of Lae repulsed a Japanese counterattack for the second suc i cessive day The force then con 8 tinued to strengthen its advanced positions with men and supplies broughtacross the river in the lace of flood and heavy rains The troops on the northwest were reported Sunday night to have driven 17 miles down the Markham river valley from Ihe inland airstrip on which they be gan to land 8 days ago and to have reached a position 8 miles from the town of Lae There at plantation the commun ique said they came upon the en emys outpost defenses It was obvious that the 2 en circling forces were maneuvering and skirmishing methodically into position for the final drive to de stroy that Japanese stronghold Japs Reveal Air Attack on Kuriles By The Associated Press The Pacific war theater was stirred Monday with word of an other raid on Japans Kurile Is lands and reports thnt Britain is increasing her far eastern fleet for new actions A Tokyo broadcast said 18 U S bombers hammered again Sunday at the northern Kurile Islands and admitted the firing of 2 trans ports nnd extremely light dam age to land installations Eight or 9 of the raiders were ieportcd shot down Preparing for a possible con clusive drive against Japans em pire in southeast Asia this fall the British admiralty was re ported to be sending many heavier naval units to the far east and probably strengthening landing forces with thousand of com mandos from Britain The expectation wasthat the campaign might open in October perhaps directed against the An daman and Nicobar Islands and Burma ALLIED CHIEFS WATCH ITALIAN FLEET PASSGen Dwight D Eisenhower 3rd irom allied commander in chief and Admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham com mander in chief of the allied Mediterranean naval forces behind Eisenhower partly ob scured watch as part of the surrendered Italianfleet steams by their destroyer under escort of allied ships Associated Press photo by signal corps radio from Algiers v J Another Italian Naval Force Puts Into Port at Malta Makes at Least 38 of Italian Vessels Has Pennies to Buy War Loan Bond Hartford Conn said Mrs Florence Rosnick to her air raid warden she wanted to buy a war bond but all she had was a collection of pennies It took 20 other wardens to count out the 3750 pennies for her S50 bond in Hands of Allies London P Another Italian navalforce arrived at Valletta Malta the 23 000 ton battleship Giulio Cesare the 5000 ton seaplane carrier Giuseppe Maraglia 4 destroyers and a number of submarines if if it The arrivals brought o at least 38 the known number of Italian warships in allied hands and naval authorities waited for ward of other arrivals from a score of Mediterranean bases Six cf Italys 7 battleships HOW have been accounted Cor Five are in allied hands the Roma was sunk by German planes and only the 35000 ton Imperio remains unreported Seven of Italys 10 known cruisershave joined the allies and 7 Italian warships reported to have put in previously at the Balearics before heading Tor an al lied port may have included others Already at Malta are the 35000 ton battleships Italia and Vittorio Veneto and the smaller 24000 ton Andrea Doria and Dulib as well as 6 cruisers 8 destroyers and 14 submarines which started to ar rive in Vallettas grand harbor Friday Still unaccounted for are more than half of the Italian subma rine fleet which was believed lo have numbered between 50 and 60 some of which were un derstood to have been operating in the Atlantic ocean Other units of ifie fieet includ ing some oE the submarines were believed to be at sea attempting to elude German bombers which sent the Giant 35000 ton battle ship Roma to the bottom with 1 wellplaced bomb as it fled Italy Friday Malta dispatches said that Ad miral Bagliria commander ot the Heel went down with theRoma and that another officer aboard the cruiser Eugcnio di Savoia be came flag officer nnd brought the fleet to Malta Allied headquarters had no way of knowing how many more ships they might expect or to what ports they would flee 1 officer pointing out that the ships were badly scattered Swiss dispatcher said that 7 ships had arrived at the Spanish owned Balearicislands in the western Mediterranean and that 2 of the 7 had sailed presum ably for allied ports The German radio in a broad cast recorded by the Associated Press said that 2 of 3 Italian gun boats putting in at Mallorca and Poliensa in the Balearics were scuttled by their crews The situation concerning the merchant fleet likewise was not clear Allied officials had little hope that the giant liners Rex and Contedj Savoia as well as other transocean passenger ships would reach safe haven The ships are regularly berthed at Genoa Italys principal seaport in the north of Italy which fell under German control shortly after the announce ment of the armistice There stillare numbers of good freighters and tankers under Ilal iin registry which in allied hands would be valuable1 in further cas ing the transportation puoblem Iowa Woman 102 Reads Newspapers Tends Flower Garden Anita T H Kilworth of Exira at the age of 102 reads newspapers tends her own flower garden and does part o her own housework She visited relatives here Sunday Mrs Kilworth who was born near London came to the United States with her husband in rate with the best in the world ITALIAN SHIPS ARE CAPABLE Caliber of Guns Differs From U S British By THOMAS S TREANOR Representing the U S Press I tali a n ships which have surrendered t the allies are eminently suitable t carry on the war in the Pacifi against the Japanese naval of ficers here believe Reports that Italian war vessel were designed only for shot dashes about the Mediterranean and arc unfit for long cruises havi been overemphasized British of ficers said That the same old story Ilia used to be passed around abou the German fleet said one of ficer You know how true tha was These are good ships he con tinued Some of the battleship 1863 Mr Kilworlh died in 1306 she has livted alone since then and a daughter living also near Exira does the heavier housexvork for her She has 4 children 19 grand children 28 greatgrandchildren 19 greatgreatgrandchildren and 4 greatgreatgreiit grandchildren She remembers all of their names When bnying a pack of cigarets contribute 5c to Ciprarets for Servicemen to buy pack for a man in service overseas Reds Within 12 Miles of Bryansk Base London big Ger nan base and key to the nazi de ense position on the central front menaced by Russian heavy rtillery Monday as red armv roops drove to within 12 miles of he city from the cast A soviet communique broad cast from Moscow disclosed that Russian troops were at Belye Bercga after a 4mile drive which resulted in the cap ture of 40 villages in bitter fighting The advance was ground out in a sector notable for stubborn German resistance since the fall of Orel a month ago gave the red army its first major victory of the summer of fensive Elsewhere the Russians were neeting with success in their to push the nazis to the Dnieper or beyond before winter lainms up lo IB1 miles and Aresting 240 towns from German control in heavy fighting which in the death of 3700 Ger man troops and the destruction or capture ot 67 tanks 210 trucks nnd 02 nuns of various caliber the soviet war bulletin said The stab at Bryansk threatened to unsettle the entire northern end oC the 600 mile active Russian front Other red army columns cut the BryanskVyazma railroad at Bilosh 40 miles north of Bry ansk leaving only the railroads through Roslavl and Gomel as possible avenues of escape for the nazis Roslavl 80 miles north west already was menaced by an other Russian column Capture of miclwty between NAZIS DECLARE MUSSOLINI HAS BEEN RESCUED German Broadcasts Try to Spread Mystery in Boasts of Incident London Mussolini emerged suddenly from involun tary obscurity Monday as the Germans an nounced they had rescued him day of captiv ity and it ap peared likely the nazi would try to set up the erst while duco as the leader of a puppet fascist rcg i in e i n The principal complication wil be in manning the vessels and pro viding ammunition for them Th caliber of their guns differs from 1 that of British and American ves sels and it is not likely they couli have carried away enough am munition lo make them immedi ately useful Uniess manufacturing facilities already had been made available in anticipation of just sueh an emergency extensive factories will have lo be provided for ammuni tion anskvand Smolensk would pface heavy pressure on Smolensk which is the main German base in ilic central front Other Russian troops were advancing along he KievKu nolop railway toward Kiev capital of the rich Ukraine and were closing in on Nczhin large railroad junction town only 72 mites northeast of Kiev Some of he most bitter fight ing Sunday the Russians said took place in the region between the Psel and Vorskln rivers as the red army edged forward 2 miles to gain a foothoid in Poltava prov ince Broken German divisions were reported still in full retreat out of he Donets basin and in1 fight ing along that front the Russians gained 18Vi miles capturing 50 villages including the district ccn ler of SliUyKcrmenchifc 50 miles southwest of Stalino On the Sea of Azov the Russians had swept 15 miles beyond the Port ot Mariupol andwere head ing toward Melitopol 85 miles to the west a rail center on the line northern Italy A communi que broadcast Mussolini from Berlin declared that Mus solini under detention of Mar shal Pietro Badoglios government since he was ousted as premiei on July 23 had been freed in a daring raid by German para chutisls security service agents and armed members of the S3 The broadcast gave no indica tion of where Mussolini had beci found or where he now was A broadcast by the Motherland radio heard Monday by the As spciated Press alsosaid Vittorij Mussolini eldest sou of the sacked il ducc had arrived in Germany Unofficially the German claim apparently was accepted here for the British Broadcast inc corporation in a radio news bulletin o the Italian people said that Mussolini had been released by the Germans and added that Premier Badoglio and King Vitlorio Kmanucle are safe at an undisclosed place on Italian soil KING AND CROWN duet the popular song fans have been waiting Bing Crosby king of the groaners and Frank place in Rings dress ing room in Hollywood and there wasnt a microphone in sight They met between radio programs leading Crimea into the Gcrmaiirhclri Traffic Toll Is Far Below That of42 DCS iHoines Wi Iowas 1943 Irafficdeath toll Monday stood at 173 compared with 300 on the same dale a year ago Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Continued cool Monday aft ernoon and Monday night warmer by Tuesday noon Mason City Continued coo Mon day afternoon and Monday night warmer by Tuesday noon Minnesota Warmer northeast and cast central Monday night and south and cast portions Tuesday forenoon wind 25 to 15 miles an portion Tuesday hour north forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 53 Minimum Sunday night 50 At 8 a m Monday 50 Rain 04 jn YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 54 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday fiS Minimum Saturday night IB At 8 a m Sunday 49 Rain 42 in YEAR AGO Maximum ga Minimum 55 Precipitation 23 There was no official confir mation of cither statement how ever from any allied source Mussolinis whereabouts hav been more or less of a mystery Nazi Broadcasts Begin Exploitation of Venture Claims London The German radio chortled Monday over the rescue of former Premier Bcnito Mussolini and some of his henchmen Twelve hours after his release by German parachute troops and elite guards iras announced by Berlin broadcast recorded by the Associated Press a fullblast exploitation ot the incident hailing it as a master stroke and an audacious ven ture The German broadcasts at tempted to spread intriguing mystery over the incident how ever by declaring official quar ters were tightlinped over the whole occurrence DNB broadcast said com petent circles in Berlin stale that other fascist leaders were freed with Mussolini The office of war informa tion iinlcd that while the nazis were boasting about Mussolini capture they hadnt seen fit to have him broadcast ant werent even quoting him Tues since his sudden fall but it believed in London that he ha been held a prisoner in the Pon lino islands off the west coast o Italy There seemed little doubt how ever that the Germans intended lo use the former ducc as a sym bol around which to try to rally some sort of Italian resistance to the allied armies Bearing out this belief the Germancontrolled Paris radio declared Mussolini is now rce to take Italy in hand again and lead her along the road from which Ba doglio tried to make her swerve Italy has again found her leader Reports from allied headquar ters in north Africa and from neutral quarters meanwhile Nazis Seek scape Route South Allied Headquarters North frica American 5th rmy beat off repeated heavy ounterattacks on the Salerno south of Naples Monday as ic nazi 16th panzer division bat ed desperately to hold open an scape corridor Tor their troops ailing back from southern Italy While the British 8th army eized Crotone and struck toward he Bari sector 100 miles to the outh crack nazi tank forces were urled against the American and ritish bridgehead at Salerno in he bitterest fighting of the uam aian The enemy has selected excel lent defensive points on high ground from which to make their counterthrusts and their artillery was installed on hills that commanded beaches and road junctions The nazis were showing the greatest determina tion of the Mediterranean con flict but are failing in their counterattacks so far London radio said Ihe allies ad landed big Sherman lanks in he Salerno seilor An NBC broad ast said the allies had advanced miles from Salerno along the oad leading past Mount Vesuvius o Naples while nazi airplanes peeded up the German evacua ion from southern Italy where he interior town ot AUamura southwest of Bari was reported captured G c r m a n broadcasts laimed the allies had been forced Jack to the town of Salerno and the adjacent coastal strip The rapid advances ot the Brit ish 8th army in southern Italy where the south coast port of Crotone and the east coast port of Brindisi have been captured ap parently spurred the Germans to desperate resistance in the Sa lernoNaples area r ixgyciii The Germans appeared to have decided to pull out of the southprobably fighting a de laying action and the British now occupy a line runninir due west from Brindisi to Taranto on the heel of the Italian boot On the toe of the boot he British held a line running from Crolone due west across the Calabrian peninsula following a 10mile advance without im portant opposition Crotone port is in good condition Allied military experts were in terested in the nazi announcement that Marshal Envin Rommel who was driven out of Africa has tak en charge of German forces in northern Italy He was expected to supervise the holding of an escape corridor northward as he is an escape artist NAZIS INCREASE SIZE OF FORCE AGAINST YANKS British Capture Port of Crotone and Find It in Good Condition Allied Headquarters in North Africa f A bitter and bloody battle raged into its 5th consecu tive day around the American 5th aimys Salerno bridgehead Mon day with growing German forces resisting desperately the determ ined penetration into their hilt positions girding the plain and protecting the broad port of Naples The British 8th army speed in steadily northward from the Italian toe against little or no enemy opposition captured the port of Crotone 100 mites from the southern tip ol the peninsula and found that har bor in good condition for allied use a communique from Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers head quarters announced The British force landed at Ta the eastern leg of the al ied invasion which had been thrown across the saddle of the Appenincs swiftly extended its iod on the entrance to the Adri Hic after the capture of Brindisi While reinforceftients poured Skipper of Sub Which Sank Carrier Ark Royal Captured by Plane Washington navy an nounced Monday that the skippci of the German Uboat which sank the British aircraft carrier Ark Royal had been captured by United Slates plane which and sank the cncmv underset boat off the coast of Brazil Capt Fricdrich Guggenbergcr who was decorated by Gcrmani for the sinking of the British car rier in 1941 was one of 7 sur vivors picked up after a duel be tween the navy plane and the U boat in which bombs finally shat tered the submarine Guggenbcrgcr the navy said is now a prisoner of the United Slates The date of the action in which thc submarine was sunk was not disclosed The navy statement said Axis radio reports staled that Guggcnbcrger was awarded the knights cross of the iron cross by Germany in December 194 for sinking the Ark Royal and was awarded the oak leaves to the knights cross early this year Guggcnberger was commander of 1 of 2 Uboats which the Ger mans credited for the Ark Royal sinking ashore to strengthen this right wing ot the allied assault small German forces left in the vicinity were being pushed back rapidly The British radio broadcast that British had captured mura 22 miles west of Bari Bari is approximately 50 miles north oC Taranto and an important port oiithe AdriaticIt up May Suspend Mailing Permit of Magazine WASHINGTON pub lisher of Esquire has been or dered lo show cause why the magazines second class mailing permit should not be suspended for printing what the postoftice department terms obscene lewd and lascivious matter The de partment objects to certain draw n the magazine and to an tended to bear out German claims article captioncd Those Star thnt most of northern Italy now andGartcr Blues A hearing has IK linripr rnnlrnl I i broadca sfwas heard t Previously elements of 1st German parachute division had been encountered in the push up the Adriactic shore but whether these were the forces remaining to oppose the advance was not stated The main bodies of enemy troops in southern Italy were still converging toward the big NaplesSalerno battle however and it was there that the cru cial action was being fought The allied war bulletin said the British 8th army on the Cala brian toe continued its rapid Ad vance against little or no en emy resistance although extcn demolitions are causing some delay An air communique said that allied aircraft continued night and day attacks on enemy concentra tions streaming north out of the southern sections of ftaly pre sumably headed for the main bat tle in the SalernoNaples district At Sal copied enemy aircraft and shot down 4 the announcement said Four more were knocked down elsewhere Two allied planes are missing Heavy bombers again attacked the Germanoccupied airfield at Frosinonc southeast of Rome Roads and enemy transports were attacked at Calatto Velletri Valletta in the Naples area and at Castelnuovo northeast of Bat lipaglia Allied aircraft returned again Sunday to the Italian island of Rhodes in the Dodecanese srroup off Turkey a middle east air communique said American liberators attacked airdromes at Maritza and Calaio both hit on the previous day by other bombers Runways were re ported damaged and at least 6 grounded aircraft set afire V Headquarters announced Sun day a British column had slashed 43 miles across the Italian heel from Taranto and taken the stra tegic Adriatic port ot Brindisi while on the toe swiftdriving Eth army elements had swept through the Calabrian peninsula bottle neck to Catanzaro on the east and La Mazin on the west Lt Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army of U S and British troops was said to have smashed further inland and officers said the NaplesSalerno bridgehead was now firmly established The Germans are moving large forces of tanks artillery and mechanized infantry up against General Clarks forces and Gen Dwighl D Eisenhower declared the allies face a bitter battle to drive them out of Italy Eisen hower added however that the battle is progressing about as ex pected is under nazi control When buying a pack of cictrets contribute 5c to Cigarets far Servicemen to buy pack for a been scheduled for Sept 28 I nun in service ;