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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 12, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVI Ajsoclated Preii and United Preu Full Five Centi a Copyi MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEFTEMHER 12 1950 This Paper of Two NO Yank Surge Halts Red Threat to Taegu 3 Agencies Investigate Train Crash Seek Answers as to Why Spirit Passed Fiares Coshocton Ohio A Three agencies launched in vestigations Tuesday into a tragic troop train wreck that claimed the lives of 33 be lieved to be soldiers And less than 24 hours after the crash a united states senator demanded a nationwide inquiry into railroad safety practices There investigations center Ohios 3rd worst train wreck which also injured at least 50 persons Investigations were begun by the Pennsylvania railroad whose streamlined Spirit of St Louis crashed into the troop train at nearby West Lafayette the Ohio military district and the national guard The investigators want to know why the streamliner passed flares and crashed into the stalled troop train Identifications Incomplete Two national guard officers from C F Saw yer and Lt Col H J rived Monday night to conduct the guards investigation The dead soldiers were guardsmen The counter intelligence divi sion of the Ohio military district began its investigation earlier as did the railroad As the investigations proceeded the army still was struggling to complete identification of 11 of the 33 dead also believed to be Penn sylvania natipnal guardsmen Their train carrying 500 guards men to Camp Atterbury Ind stalled with a broken airhose on a foggy stretch of the Pennsylvania railroad near this eastern Ohio town at a m CST Monday Five minutes later despite red flares placed on the track the Pennsylvanias streamlined Spirit Wlrcphoto STATESMAN DIES Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts 80yearold former prime minister of the Union of South Africa died Monday at his home at Irene near Pretoria South Africa of St Louis crashed into rear of the disabled train the Tuesday 17 of the seriously in jured had been flown to Wright Patterson air force base hospital near Dayton Ten others were at Coshocton Memorial hospital The dead were to be removed in 1 group Tuesday or Wednesday to the armory at WilkesBarre Pa accompanied by an honor guard for each victim Most lived in that vicinity or near Carbon dale Pa The uninjured guardsmen were taken on to Camp Atterbury Mon day night to begin training for active service with the army They are members of Pennsylvanias 28th infantry guard division Probe Proposed Senator Francis Myers DPa Monday proposed a nationwide in vestigation of railroad safety prac tices as an outgrowth of the wreck In WilkesBarre Mayor Luther W Kniffen proclaimed a week of mourning for casualties of the wartime tragedy who died with out firing a shot The national guard in Pennsyl vania said meanwhile that only 1 of the dead had national service life insurance the government policy for members of the armed forces Most had planned to apply for the colicies when they reached Camp Atterbury Fred Tandy Named to Take Grahls Post yDes Moincs William Si Beardsley Tuesday announced the appointment of Col Fred C Tandy 53 as acting adjutant gen eral of Iowa Colonel Tandy will succeed Brig Gen Charles H Grahl The governor also announced he has granted General Grahl a leave of absence effective as of the date the general ifc ordered into active army duty Grahl announced Monday he had applied for and been approved for active duty He said he ex pected to be assigned to national selective service headquarters Another appointment to fill Grahls position as director of the Iowa selective service system will be made after Grahl leaves for Washington the governor said Tandy who has been assistant adjutant general the last 2 years was recommended for the ap pointment by the Iowa national guard advisory board which met Monday He was chosen from a group of 57 eligibles Tandy is a 2year veteran of World war I when he served in the air corps He also is a 6year veteran of World war II where his service was largely in the in spector generals department He has been with the Iowa national guard since 1924 After World wnr I Tandy was associated with an oil company and lived in Oskaloosa Mason City and Cedar Rapids before coming to Des Moines in 1933 During a portion of World war II Tandy was stationed at the New York port of embarkation as assistant inspector general Later he served at 5 English channel ports and returned to this country in 1944 Big 3 Begins Major Defense Strategy Talks By JOHN M UIGHTOWER New York Big 3 west ern foreign ministers began a se ries of major strategy talks here Tuesday beamed at reinforcing the defenses of western Europe against Russia and ironing out critically important problems of Germanys future British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin arriving Tuesday morning on the Queen Mary told reporters that Germany must be brought back as a great nation but that development of German military units is not the way to do it He indicated like French Foreign Minister Schuman a sharp dif ference of opinion with Secretary of State Acheson over arming German divisions as part of a European defense force While the 1st formal session of the 3 was set for Tuesday an American informant disclosed that discussions actually began when Acheson called on Schuman at 10 a m and then went around to Bevins headquarters at 11 a m One top level authority fully informed on Achesons plans and ideas as well as on preliminary negotiations which have taken place with the other countries said that whatever subject may get initial attention the plan for organizing Europes defenses under the north Atlantic treaty undoubt edly vyill have top priority Bevin took a similar line with reporters who met him on ship board saying that the defense of Europe is vital to the peace of the world and that the whole prob lem must be talked out here Doctors Wife Dies in Fire Meilin Schroeder about 35 wife of Dr Schroeder lost her life in a fire which des troyed the family home here at a m Tuesday Mrs Schroeders body was found in an xipstairs bedroom by Fire Chief Reinder Krominga who fought his way through the flames with a gas mask She was not burned and it is believed death was due to suffocation Dr John Schutter Algona Kos suth county coroner called a cor oners jury to investigate The jury reached no decision pending the arrival of the state fire marshal Dr Schroeder succeeded in crawling downstairs and out of the house on his hands and knees Margaret Ann 8 only child of the couple jumped out an upstairs window North lowans Pessimistic About Corn r By DAVE BRYANT GlobeGazette Farm Kditor North Iowa farmers and agri cultural leaders arent as optimis tic about the corn crop outlook as are the reports which have been coming from Iowa State college crop and weather exports The college specialists reported last week that average Iowa corn was about K to 8 days behind nor mal They said the average corn in North Iowa would bo matured enough to withstand a frost by Sept 27 William II St Clair Worth county extension director says he doesnt think most of Worth coun ty corn will be ready for frost by Oct 1 He reports that the corn is almost 3 weeks behind the normal stage of maturity Still in Koastinp Ear The average date of 1st frost in Worth county is Sept 26 St Clair points out Much of the corn is still in roasting ear stage he says Farther south in Franklin coun ty Extension Director Ebcr El driclgc says that most of the corn is 7 to 10 days late Franklin coun ty farmers need a minimum of another 2 weeks of warm dry weather if the bulk of their corn is to survive a frost Eldridge says Some Franklin county corn is in the early dent stage But Eldridge adds that different fields show un usual variation in degree of ma turity A number of Franklin county farmers are expecting to have soft corn on their hands un less the 1st frost comes later than normal 2 Weeks Behind Cerro Gordo county farmers be lieve that their corn is at least 2 weeks behind normal Elmer J Krause Cerro Gordo county PMA chHirman says there is certain to be a lot of soft corn in the county Marion E Olson Cerro Gordo county extension director com ments that the only thing that will save most of corn crop are abnormally high September tem peratures and n late frost date All are agreed that cornfields thisyear show exceptional varia tion in degree of maturity Per haps that is the explanation of the optimistic reports from Ames Maturity according to the col lege report is the time when corn reaches its maximum dry weight the time when it can be safely cribbed The maturity date estimate was based on samples from 300 Iowa cornfields Weather Is Adverse Most farmers say that even 1st Cavalry Battalion Captures Vital Mountain at Heavy Cost Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Mostly cloudy and cool through Wednesday Hain ex treme west Tuesday night and in west and central portions Wednesday Low Tuesday night 4045 north 4552 south Iowa 5day weather outlook Temperatures will average a few degrees below normal Cloudiness will keep nighttime temperatures mostly above nor mal Normal high 75 to 79 Nor mal low 53 to 57 Not much change in temperature Wednes day through Sunday Rainfall will average onehalf inch Showers overspreading the state from the west Wednesday night continuing over most of the state Thursday Minnesota Mostly cloudy and continued cool Tuesday night and Wednesday Scattered showers spreading into south west portion Wednesday Low Tuesday night 4045 north and west 4550 southeast High Wednesday 5560 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Early Resigns Defense Job for Pullman Post Washington Early resigned Tuesday as deputy secre tary of defense President Truman accepted the resignation effective Sept 30 say ing he did so reluctantly The white house said Early has been trying to quit since he com pleted the 1 year of duty he agreed to serve when he accepted the ap pointment May 1949 He is to re turn to his post as a vice president of Pullman Inc Presidential Secretary Collision Injures South Pacific Cast Green River Wyo 0P A switch engine collided with a Union Pacific passenger train shortly before midnight Monday night injuring at least 16 persons including 8 members of the travel ing South Pacfic show troupe Diosa Costello who plays Bloody Mary in the musical suf fered broken ribs and possible in ternal injuries Ray Walston com edian was bruised Ed Hoefelclt and W Stone en gineer and fireman of the diesel switch engine were the most se riously injured the railroad re ported though corn may be in the dent stage when frost hits much of it is likely to be chaffy It all de pends on the degree of the moist ure in the ears Weather during the 1st week of September was just what corn growers had ordered And some cornfields were beginning to show signs of drying up when this weeks wet cloudy and cool weather moved in Killing frosts have been report ed already in bottomland fields Indications are that whatever the outcome of the frost hazard corn yields will be reduced because the corn is being pushed to beat cold weather and ears will be short ened The soybean outlook is doubtful also Last month was the coolest August on record for 15 years and soybeans didnt progress at a nor mal rate Real Controls Seen Months From NoW Installment Buying Curbs Higher Taxes Become Effective Soon By DOUGLAS B CORNELL WashlnRlon 1st cau tious steps to rearm America in dicated Tuesday it may be months before consumers are hit any where but in the pocketbook Curbs on installment buying go into effect next Monday Higher income taxes probably will start taking a bigger bite out of pny checks Oct 1 There were signs the wartime lack of some goods would not be duplicated at least not soon In the steel industry which sup plies material for cars refrigera tors construction television etc the initial government move was toward easing the pinch of Presi dent Trumans projected 000000ayear arms program Steel Officials Meet The government asked the in dustry to figure out just how much it can expand production capacity which has just passec the 100000000tonayear mark and is at the highest point in his tory Industry promised a prompt answer Officers of 21 steel companies big and little met at the com merce department Monday will Secretary Sawyer and William H Harrison On leave from the presi dency of International Telephone and Telegraph Co Harrison hat just been sworn in as boss of the new national production authority The president set up NPA in the commerce department to help boost the output of guns planes and tanks A dozen executives of copper companies were called for a sim ilar conference Tuesday Othe meetings are on tap with spokes men for aluminum and other in dustries But the government was jus getting organized for the big ef fort to build up muscle to hit bad at communist aggression in Kore or anywhere else it may break out It was only last Friday tha Mr Truman signed the horn front mobilization bill giving hirt broad authority to apply con trols And on Saturday he starte parcelling out jobs and told th American people they must mak sacrifices in a program whic AP Wlrcpliolo TAEGU REMAINS FOCAL POINT IN KOREAN Boxed area A saw most of action on the Korean front Tuesday American cavalry battalion stormed a redheld hill 8 miles north of Taegu The reds shelled the Tabu Tacgu road for the 3rd straight day In the northeast B a secret UN force was attempting to spring a trap on red troops in the Pohang area In the Yongchcm area South Korean forces drove 9 miles east On the southwest front D American counterattack recaptured a ridge near Masan l may last for years The commerce department wa given the power to divide up most vital materials and say what users will get them in what quantities Some instruction may be sent out within a matter of days de partment officials indicated but the dividing process actually might not start for weeks And that moans it might be months before now ardors for war goods would take steel and other materials away from items ordin ary people want to buy Not As Severe Yet Furthermore the squeeze on consumers probably would be nowhere near as severe as in World war II The interior department offi cials said may issue an order Wednesday under the allocation powers it has received over oil gas coal and electric power But there again there were no hints thai there might be scarcities any time soon that would mean for instance a return to gasoline ra tioning Agriculture which has similar authority for food fertilizer and farm machinery isnt expected to make a move for perhaps months There are surpluses of many eggs potatoes and plenty of farm equipment to keep up the present output of ficials say Mobilization Coordinator W Stuart Symington said Monday nght in a speech at Baltimore that although the U S is in as jreat a danger as it has ever been n history there is not yet any reason to straitjacket the Amor can workman and housewife Charles G Ross who announced Earlys action declined again to comment on a report by a highly placed president adviser that Secretary of Defense Johnson is on his way out of the cabinet Asked whether Johnson is plan ing to resign Ross said that he was not a mind reader Pressed fur ther Ross said I have no infor mation to give you on that point Johnson has been under fire in congress and elsewhere in con nection with the Korean war situ ation His critics have contended he did not have the defense estab lishment in proper shape President Truman has stood by the secretary consistently how ever UN Okays Annual Veto Lake Success United nations security council approved its annual report to the general assembly Tuesday A threatened soviet veto failed to materialize Soviet Delegate Jnkob A Malik had vigorously opposed any refer ence to the Korean conflict in the report md had argued it was sub ject to the veto but when the bal lot came he abstained The vote was 10 to 0 The action was taken at a closed door meeting of the council the 500th since the 11nation body first met in London in January 1946 Tuesday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 55 50 52 16 69 59 DIVORCED FROM Los Angeles player Barbara Payton 22 has won a divorce and custody of her 3 year old son after testifying that her husband John Payton 29 of Bur lington Iowa didnt like Holly wood He would have liked for me to get n job in an office The couple miirried Feb 10 1945 in Monroe Ala Jury Is Selected for Churchill Trial Charles City jury oC B women and 4 men was selected Tuesday and ordered segregated for the arson trinl of Gordon Jack Churchill 40 Charles City night club operator District Judge Tom Boynton told the jurors they would be seg regated and permitted to read no Iowa newspapers or to listen to radio accounts of the trial He said spectators woultl have to re main in the courtroom at the end of each session until the jurors go to their quarters Arguments were scheduled to begin Tuesday AP Wlrcphoto MATURING THE HARD battle experience is reflected in the youthful face of Pfc William McLcndon Columbia S C who takes a breather near the Mnsan sac tor front on Koreas southern defense perimeter The 25tli division infantryman had just participated in a tough hill battle against the reds Britain to Strengthen Divisions in Germany London Prime Minister Altlce told the house of commons Tuesday Britain will station a new division in Germany and bring up to strength the 2 divisions now stationed there Wo shall have rather more than fully trained divisions in Ger many the prime minister told the opening meeting of nn emergency session of parliament The hcud of Britains labor gov ernment told the house Britain must rearm quickly against a so viet threat to bring on a 3rd Work war and he asked immediate ap proval of longer draft service nm higher pny for the British armec forces Ho announced Britain will buik her army up from the present I and a half regular divisions to 10 regular divisions aiul 12 reserve divisions of territorials A British division is 15000 to 18000 men The territorials are the British equivalent of the U S nationa guard Grahl Sees Draft of Men 32 Years Old With Full Scale War Des Moines Brig Gen Charles H Grahl who says he ex aects shortly to be transferred to national selective service head quarters in Washington says men over 31 i years old will have to go into the armed forces if full scale var comes Gen Grahl said Monday he had 3een accepted for active duty in he armed forces Governor Wil iam S Beardsley indicated he would approve the generals re quest for a leave of absence as Iowas adjutant general In an address Monday night be fore members of an American Le gion post auxiliary here Gen rahl said If we give the armed forces around 13000000 men it would Lake every man between 18 and 31 we could get the rejection rate down to 25 per cent During World war II we never got within 13 of that in percentage The general said he did not be lieve war is inevitable If there is another national emergency how ever the general said both man power and womanpowcr would be used to a much greater degree thanat nny time in the past He said selective service has done far more planning in this re spect than any other agencies Charles City Wants Publicity on Draft Deferments Charles Clly The Charles City Veterans of Foreign Wars post Tuesday took steps to seek publicity on draft deferments The post in compliance with a resolution it adopted Monday night prepared to ask its na tional headquarters to obtain na tional selective service help on the policy it suggests The resolution requests that se lective service boards make pub lic the names of any men of draft age who arc granted deferments The reasons for such deferments should also be made public the resolution asserts The resolution cieclares it is in the public interest to make available such information on distribution of the war effort Walker Says Worst Over in Korea Bv LEIF ERICKSON Tokyo AP American 1st cavalrymen stormed up hill through a withering day long barrage of red Korean gunfire and at dusk won a peak commanding a main northern approach to Taegu The troopers in battalion strength 1000 won hill 314 eight miles north of Tae gu at heavy cost They knew their job was to check what was officially called the main threat to Taegu northwest anchor of the allied line Held by 40000 The hill had been held by an outpost of some 40000 red Koreans massed for a fresh assault upon the South Kor ean provisional capital An other outpost remained on a nearby peak Allied big guns and war planes hurled a curtain of steel at the reds before the assault Then the troopers hit the slopes They fought twothirds of the dis tance in 5 bitter hours But the reds throwing a bar rage of artillery mortar and machinegun fire from the 2 peaks stalled the drive at that point throughout most of Tuesday after noon Their shells set fire to part of Chilgok town 5 miles north of statement that the enemy held the initiative and was SAME While mmm an truffle death In 21 hours GRANT WAGE INCREASE Charles City Dr Sals bury Laboratories h e r c an nounced Tuesday that it has granted n 10cent hourly wage increase to all hourly workers in its plant here and at 4 other plants An equivalent increase is being granted salaried workers the announcement said Taegu Strike at Nlffhlfall The troopers finally stormed the summit at took it AP Correspondent Jack Mac Beth who was pinned behind a brick wall by red gunfire for more than 1 hour said capture of Hill 314 gave the allies a strong right anchor commanding the TaeguTabu road Lt Gen Walton H Walker speaking of the warfronl general ly said Tuesday night the worst is over The commander of allied ground forces and the U S 8th army in Korea said however in a brief still cap able of hitting us anywhere on our 125mile perimeter He con cluded 1 am now sure we can stop him Secret Force Hits Back Inland from the east coast port of Poliang a secret allied task force struck swiftly westward seeking to trap 3000 communist troops blocked from retreat north ward by n South Korean column The reds were strung along a corridor between high peaks Tha task force led by a famous West Point football star whose name cannot be disclosed now for se curity reasons fought to close corridors suthern gate It inflicted heavy casualties on 2 red battalions dug in on bare and rocky slopes United Nations forces striking north in the same general sector cut the AngangPohang road This drive increased the already difficult supply and communica tion problems for Korean reds AP Correspondent Bern Price with the South Korean 1st corps reported observation pilots had spotted hundreds of reds fleeing toward Angang Allied planes blasted the fleeing reds A U S pilot called the air strikes a field day An 8th army spokesman said a partial withdrawal was indicated To the west the South Korean 8th division drove within 8 miles of Angang on the Yongchon Angnng road Angang 9 miles southwest of Pohang was seized by the reds last week in their mas sive breakthrough Situation Improved The spokesman said the South Korean 8th drove ahead nearly 10 miles in 2 days He described the situation along this front as tremendously improved The 3pronged drive on the northeast front menaced 2 large pockets of red troops4 deep with in nllicd lines The South Korean Uh division seized huge quantities of red sup plies In 2 days American officers with the division reported they grabbed 31 field guns and heavy ;