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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 12, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LV AssociatedPress and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 12 1949 This Paper Consists ot Two No 289 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor How Good Are Radio Newscasts FOR no good reason at all I was invited recently to appear be fore a state association of radio news editors and present a critical appraisal of the methods and tech niques employed by radio news casters I was given the subject An Editor Looks at Radio News There was a time when I spent most of my waking hours hating baiting this new form of communication While I marveled at the mechanics of radio and recognized it as the greatest of modern miracles I was more than a little critical of the uses to which it had been put Thensomething happened I found overnight that I had been made a party to ilie radio indus try through the acquisition of a radio station as an affiliate of the newspaper with which I am as sociated That altered quite considerably I can assure you One Dyine Gasp In an editorial on the day be fore the station went on the air I took a final swing at the insti tution of radio It was titled Postponing the Undoubtedly I concluded in the editorial our skepticism will be more temperate in the future with radio as an affiliate rather than an alien disturber Thats the human nature of the matter But if there develops too great a dis tance and per formance we shall look to that lofty principle known as freedom of the press Be warned on that point That was a dozen years ago In the time since then even though these once a week com mentaries for nearly 7 years have made me an active party in the radio business I have retained what I hope is an open mind about the achievements and the shortcomings of radio First Formalized Criticism More than once Ive commented and rather pointedly about the overabundance of drivel in its manifold forms Ive mentioned the overremphasis on that irritat ing music Ive railed at singing commercials Ive commentators who pontificate on the obvious But this was the first time I had ever been invited by spokes men for the industry to formalize my criticisms And I must confess to you as I did to them that my case against radio wasnt nearly as extensive or as convincing as I had assumed itto be As a matter of fact I had to admit that the part of radio pro gramming for which radio news casters are responsible is general ly speaking less open tovalid criticism than any other aspect of radio Forthe most part theyve done a pretty competent job A Miniature Newspaper The task confronting a radio newscaster isnt far different from that confronting a newspaper editor Theeditor is motivated by the question What would be greatest interest to my readers The newscaster is motivated by the question What would be ol greatest interest to my listeners How well those questions are answered determines the quality of the product in both cases In dividual judgment always sub ject to error enters into the equa tion for both newspaper and the radio news man HELPS OTHER a victim of polio Mrs Morris D Duchin wife of a Washington naval officer presents a check to Adam Lunow representative of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis as her contribution to the Foundations epidemic emergency campaign Her father Mark Rothschild of New York is on the left Mrs Duchin a patient in an iron lung at Childrens Hospital in Baltimore has graduated to a portable lung Garner Youth in Jail After Wave of Car Thefts Wrecks Waves Gun at Bengurion in Parliament Tel Aviv Israel visitor in the Israeli parliament gallery pointed a Sten gun machinegun qward Prime Minister David Bengurion Monday as the prime minister entered just before thq egislators began an 8week re cess The house was thrown into an uproar but guards seized the man disarmed him and removed him from the building He identified himself as Abra lam Zafti 37 and claimed he had no intention of shooting Sengurion or anyone else but wanted to com mit suicide Over the past few weeks Zafti las been distributing pamphlets among parliament members urg ing a plan to build anew the de stroyed temple The pamphlets contained a full description and plans for the temple Guards said the weapon was wrapped in a bundle of his pamphlets The arrest of Billy P McKee 20 at his Garner home Sunday afterr noon by highway patrolmen cli maxed a Saturday night car thiev ery rampage during which the youth stole vehicles in Manly Mason City and Clear Lake ac cording to Mason City police McKee who was arraigned on a larceny of motor vehicle charge waived preliminary hearing in Mason City police court Monday morning and was bound over to the grand jury with his bond set at He admitted in a signed state ment to Mason City police and highway patrolmen thai he stole autos belonging to C H Medlin of Chicago at Manly a 1941 Ford reg istered to Warren Romig 609 Washington N W a 1938 Buick owned by Lloyd Templeton of Clear Lake and a 1936 Ford be longing to Ned Brandt 77 Linden drive Began at Manly While the overall question is the same for both newspaper and radio there are by the nature of the media some fundamental dif ferences in the formula for arriv ing at a correct answer Problem Is Condensation The newspaper editor has at his disposal from 50 to 100 columns of space in which to present the news of the day This is never enough But on a comparative basis his problem along this space line is simple Whereas the average newspaper contains from 60000 to 80000 news words the average quarter vhour newscast presents approx imately 1500 words By thevery nature of things therefore the radio must pretty much limit it self to what could be called head lines while the newspaper can fill in the details Andthis limitation on wordage leads I think I can gay into what strikes me as being the most seri ous criticism that can be lodged against radio news They talk too fast They should boil their ma terial down still and read more slowly Britains Radio System During the war I spent some time in Britain and on the con tinent This permitted me to make closerange study of wireless as they call it oper ates in Britain Several of my preconceived notions went out the window as a result of this ex Brown Enters Guilty Plea on Murder Count Marshalltown Jun ior Brown 20 of Tulsa Okla Monday entered a surprise plea of guilty to a charge of murder in the hitchhike slaying of a Mason City salesman last June 6 The itinerant railroad worker entered the plea before District Judge B O Tankersly to a county attorneys information which charged that Brown deliberately shot to death William J Muldoon 35 Muldoon had given Brown a ride Judge Tankersly set Wednesday for a hearing to determine the de gree of Browns guilt preliminary to determining what sentence he will pronounce If the judge should determine it to be first degree murder he could sentence Brown to death by hanging or life in prison Brown had pleaded innocent last July to the murder charge Last Saturday his attorneys filed a motion attacking the county at torneys information but the mo tion was withdrawn Monday in connection with the youths unex pected plea Citizens Attempt to End Strike on MoPac Railroad St Louis Brother hoods on strike against the Mis souriPacific railroad said Mon day they would attend a meeting called by a citizens committee in an effort to end the 3day old walkout Indications were that MoPac officials also would agree to meet with the committee at 2 p m They were meeting to decide whether to attend the conference and the committee chairman ex pressed hope they would decide According to the statement the car stealing orgy began at Manly Saturday evening after he had hitchhiked from Garner to Mason City to visit a girl friend The girl wasnt home McKee said and after stops at several local cafes he hitchhiked to Manly where he pilfered the Medlin vehicle He then drove to Mason City in the car and collided with an auto be longing to Lloyd Scholl 222 15th N W which was parked in front of 1422 Jefferson N W The auto driven by McKee then caromed into another parked car owned by Grant Imlay parked in front of 1430 Jefferson N W and the impact of this collision pro pelled the Imlay vehicle into one registered to Boyd Anderson route 4 Mason City The police were summoned to investigate these mishaps but McKee had left the scene of the accidents prior to arrival of in vestigating officers McKee was identified as the driver of the car by Imlay from a photograph of the Garner youth shown him by offi cers Area Scanned At this point the highway pa trol was notified and they imme diately initiated a search of the surrounding area The youth thenstole the Romig vehicle He drove this car to Clear Lake before the gas supply was exhausted and left it in the middle of Main street McKee proceeded down Main street in Clear Lake and took the Templeton auto in which he re turned to Mason City where he abandoned this car at the rear of Mercy hospital Back in Mason City once again McKee stole Brandts Ford and drove this to a mile and a half west of Ventura before overturn ing it in the ditch McKee then proceeded to his Garaner home where he was arrested Sunday Mason City police revealed that on Oct 17 1948 McKee was ar rested for breaking and entering a local dwelling and had been fined in district court and sentenced to one year in jail The sentence was suspended when he was paroled to his father 3 Killed in Auto Crash Near Lakota No Cause Found for Collision on Straight Stretch Lakota Officers of Kossuth county could find no cause for collision a mile west of town at 7 a m Monday in which 3 men lost their lives and a 4th was re ported in fair condition at the Dolmage hospital at Buffalo Cen ter Monday afternoon The dead are Durwood W Mit tag 35 Lakota Mervin Olthoff 29 son of Mr and Mrs Henry Olthoff farmers near Lakota Willis Koppen 19 north of La kota In the hospital is Melvin Bud Olson 24 of Lakota son of Mr and Mrs Lee Olson Olson was asleep in the rear seat of the car driven by Olthoff Mittag was riding in the front seat Their car going west collidec with a Crosley driven by Koppen coming from the opposite direction Investigation by the sheriff and highway patrol failed to revea the cause of the crash as there i a straight streach of highway a the point and no obstructions ti the view of the drivers Officers said Olson was unabl to give any reason for the cause as he recalled nothing until h came to at the hospital Both cars were demolished parts of the Crosley being found 75 feet from the point of impact Mittag was a Lakota contractor engaged in moving buildings Olthoff and Olson worked for him He leaves rhis wife and 3 children Richard 10 July 4 and Ronald 14 The bodies of the dead were taken to the Schutter funeral home No Word on Union Reply to Proposals Packinghouse Wage Boosts Believed Out Chicago in he steel industry have kicked he props from under the wage demands of 2 powerful unions in the meat packing business ob servers believed Monday Major meat packers had re sisted all demands for a 4th round wage increase despite the fact heir contracts with the union apsed a month ago Now in view of the presiden tial factfinding boards decision against a pay raise for steel work ers observers said there is scant prospect of a wage boost in the nations packing houses Expired 11 Contracts expired Aug 11 be tween the Big Four of the meat industry and the 2 big t h e CIO United Packinghouse Workers and the AFL Almalga mated Meat Cutters Since then union members have been working under the old contracts which were extended indefinitely with little or no hint of possible strike action In subsequent negotiations it was learned that none of the Big Four Armour Swift Cudahy and made either un ion a wage offer Observers believed the pack ers decided to sit tight pending the outcome of the steel industry dispute and the setting of a wage pattern Now they believe the strategy will pay off Sought Benefits Neither union had made public its wage demands in dollars and cents But each had sought a general increase in addition to improved sickness and accident provisions medical and hospital insurance pensions and other so cial benefits The 2 unions represent a tota of about 190000 to 200000 work ers in the industry proper O these about 90000 are employee by the Big Four and are directly involved in the current negotia tions The remainder are employes o smaller firms but have a stake in the negotiations too because the Big Four generally cuts the pat tern for the entire industry See No Strike Action The CIO union which last year waged a long costly and blood strike with scant gain has taken no steps for strike action at all The CIO lost its contract with Wilson after last years strike but is negotiating with the other 3 Informed observers said it ha See No Immediate Naming of Successor to Rutledge at Buffalo Center were pending where rites Senate Committee Approves Military Aid Provisions Washington UR Amilitary aid bill providing in guns tanks planes and other mu nitions for free nations was ap proved Monday by the senates joint foreign relationsarmed serv ices committee The vote was 20 to 3 The bill includes a provision perience For one thing I assumed it would be wonderful to have radio without commercials On this point I had an awakening I didnt like CONTINUED ON PACK 2 to do so Roy E Davidson spokesman for the brotherhoods said he and his associates would meet with the 7member committee which was organized to break the ice between management and the un ions Both sides contended that they would not take the initiative to start negotiations If the bakers of this country laid all the bread they produce end to end they would find they are turning out loaves at the rate of 7000 miles per day according to the American Bakers Association 2 DIE IN FIRE Jackson Mich elderly industrialist and his wife were burned to death in a weekend fire that razed their lavish summer mansion The victims were G Stanley Porter 63 chairman of the board of Argus Inc camera manufac turers and his wife Marguerite 62 Fire Marshal Glenroy Walker said he would confer with the state police commissioner Monday to decide whether the possibility of arson should be investigated further He said there was noth ing to indicate foul play permitting but not ordering President Truman to spend 000000 in China The senate is expected to start debate on the measure in about 3 weeks The bill provides for North Atlantic Pact nations All but of that will be withheld until President Truman approves plans of the pacts coun cil and defense committee Greece and Turkey get for the quarantine communism pro gram in the Middle East Korea the Philippines and Iran were voted run into a stone wall in nego tiations with Swift the bigges of the Big Four These observers said the CIO attached greater importance to a general wage increase than the AFL did and that the steel de cision came as a blow Average milk and cream con sumption in the United State dropped to 181 quarts per person last year a decline of 10 per cen since 1945 Washington Tru man is expected to wait a while before naming a new supreme court justice to take the place of the late Wiley Rutledge Especially he is expected to wait if his choice is Attorney General J Howard most po litical observers anticipate Mc Grath has been attorney general for less than 3 weeks and Mr Tru man may want to keep him in the justice department for a time The next term of the supreme court will open Oct 3 but it is not essential that all of its 9 places be filled at the start As it is there will be one Murray and Leaders in Conference Fact Finding Boards Formula and Truman Request Are Studied Pittsburgh Strategists of the CIO United Steelworkers con ferred behind closed doors for 3 hours Monday without disclosing the unions course of action in the former Clark JUSTICE RUTLEDGE Agreement is Made in Dollar Crisis Parley Washington Anglo AmericanCanadian monetary conference ended Monday with agreement on a 7point program that was hailed officially as a real contribution toward the solution of Britains dollar crisis The agreement was announced jointly by the finance and foreign ministers of the 3 powers at the close of 6 days of negotiation British Chancellor of the Ex chequer Sir Stafford Cripps said he believed the accord will halt the immediate drain on Britains dollar resources that has brought his country to the brink of bank ruptcy Officials familiar With the work of the 3power conference here said these steps will include 1 Greater freedom for Britain in spending Marshall plan dollars for Canadian wheat and 2 Accept ance by the United States of Bri tains need to discriminate against American goods in order to con serve dollars Completion of the dollar confer ence will clear the way for a new round of highpowered financial and diplomatic talks scheduled to begin here Tuesday Attorney General Tom Has Next Call When Clark was appointed to the court and McGrath was named to succeed him as attorney gen eral the understanding around Washington was that McGrath had next call on a supreme court va cancy That vacancy was created by the death Saturday night of Jus tice Rutledge at follow ing a cerebral hemorrhage Rut ledges death came less than 2 months after that of Justice Frank Murphy whose spot Clark will now take over Following Murphys death there was a considerable belief that Mr Truman would name a Catholic to succeed him as Murphy was the only Catholic on the court Clark is a Presbyterian McGrath a Catholic Other Catholics being mentioned for appointment n o w include Charles Fahy a former solicitor CLAY FAIR OPENS Spencer 28th annual Clay county fair billed as the worlds greatest county exposi tion opened a 6day run Monday Besides judging and exhibits of livestock and other farm products the fair program included thrill shows by stunt drivers 2 after noons of auto races and 3 days of harness racing general Stephens Justice of the Ha r o 1 d M United States May 4 1607 was the date of the first permanent English settle ment in North America An electric fan does not actually cool the air but sets it in motion As the moving air passes n cross ones body it increases evapora tion from the skin which causes a sensation of coolness The first settlement in the Northwest was established by the Hudson Bay Co in 1670 SAME Rlaek raffle death in 21 court of appeals for the District of Columbia and Senator Joseph C OMahoney However Wyoming has a republican gover nor who could be expected to name a republican to the senate if OMahoneys place fell open Ability Important When he appointed Clark Mr Truman said that what church a man belonged to was not as im portant as what ability he had as a lawyer Funeral services for Justice Rutledge will be held Wednesday at the Washington Unitarian church which he attended The body was brought from New Eng land Sunday night HANCHER SAYS RUTLEDGE DEATH IS GREAT LOSS Iowa City death of Supreme Court Justice Wiley Rut ledge University of Iowa Presi dent Virgil M Hancher says was an occasion of deep sorrow among knew him Rutledge who died Saturday night was dean of the law college at the University of Iowa from 1935 to 1939 President Hancher said those who knew Justice Rutledge were proud of his ability and were de lighted to see him awarded the highest professional honor that come to any lawyer but above all they loved him as a friend The death of Wiley Rutledge deprives the nation of his great abilities but even more it means that there is less kindliness and friendship and happiness in a world which sorely needs these things Weather Report FORECAST Mason City High Monday near 66 Slowly clearing Monday night with low near 40 Clear and cooler Tuesday with high near 55 Iowa Cloudy and turning cool er occasional rain mostly in central and east portions Mon steel strike crisis President Philip Murray de clined any comment on the long session of the unions executive board He refused to say whether the board reached a decision on either President Trumans request for an 11 day extenison of the strike truce expiring Tuesday midnight or the presidential fact finders formula for settling the steel wage dispute The executive boards decision if any will be reported to the unions wage policy committee for ratifi cation Murray is expected to an nounce the unions course after ward Have Workers Demand In the unions hands is the working mans demands for a 4th round pay increase The presiden tial fact finding board suggested a 10 cent hourly package for steel covering pensions and insurance but not wages The big five of the industry S Steel Bethlehem Repub lic Jones Laughlin and Inland Steel the pattern for smaller companies by agreeing Sunday to the truce extension But Inland began shutting down steelmaking operations at East Chicago Ind because union failed to give would be no strike iMust Give Ansxver The steelworkers union is to give its formal answer to the presidents request after the aft ernoon meeting and is to have a statement on the recommenda tions to settle the strike made Sat urday by Mr Trumans factfind ing board The board called for employer financed pension and welfare funds but refused the unions de mand for a general wage increase The union had been asking a wage boost and other benefits which totaled for a 30centsan hour increase Government officials in Wash ington were reported as believing the steel factfinding report cleared the way for peaceful set tlement of most major labor dis in abeyance any nationwide 4thround of wage increases Cyrus S Ching director of the federal mediation and conciliation service was expected to call the union and company representa tives together soon to discuss the report of the steel factfinding group ASK TRAINMEN TO POSTPONE STRIKE Washington national mediation board Monday asked railway trainmen to postpone for 2 weeks a strike called for Tues day on the Union Railroad com pany The dispute over assignment of crews on trains involved only about 1200 men but could tie up many steel mills in the Pittsburgh area and throw thousands of steel workers into idleness The rail road connects steel plants day night cloudy and Tuesday partly quite cool Low AP Wirepholo ITS A WOMENS 3 girls members of the 19month old Zavada quadruplets of Latrobe Pa seem to be holding a teteatete at one end of the crib while Broth er John Michael is ignored at the other end The girls left to right are Barbara Anna Mary and Bernadette Monday night 42 northwest to 58 southeast High Tuesday 56 northwest to 62 southeast Minnesota Mostly cloudy and turning cooler Monday night with occasional rain extreme east portion Tuesday clearing and quite cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics of the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 69 Minimum 59 At 8 a m 63 Precipitation 06 YEAR AGO Maximum 76 Minimum 50 GlobeGazette weather statistics of the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 66 Minimum 55 At 8 a m 57 Precipitation 134 West Germans Elect Heuss Bonn Germany jP Prof Theodor Heuss whose books were burned by Hitler was elected first president Monday of the new west German republic The 65yearold educator can didate of the 3party rightist gov ernment coalition of the new state received416 of 800 votes cast on the 2nd ballot better than a clear majority Doctor Kurt Schumacher chair man of the socialist party on the left was 2nd with 312 votes The first ballot ended in a deadlock Recapture 3 of 5 at Council Bluffs Council Bluffs of the 5 men who escaped from the Pottawattamie county jail Satur day night were back in custody Monday and authorities in the area were pressing their search for the 2 still at large Back behind bars were Floyd Peterson 23 Leon Ross 21 and Raymond Deputy 19 all of Coun cil Bluffs Still large wera Hutchie Hutchinson 20 and Charles Peine 49 ;