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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, September 11, 1950

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 11, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY FALL OPENING Tuesday Sept 12 VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 11 1950 This Paper Consists of Two No 288 One Mans Opinion A Rsdlo Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Why Not Drop on Atom Bomb SINCE my return from a tour of inspection of our national de fenses earlier this summer no question has been put to me more often than this Why dont we drop an atomic bomb on those North Koreans Now and then a bit of variety is added to the query when its stated thus Why havent we dropped an Abomb on those North Koreans long before this There are 2 rather obvious an swers to this question neither of which is related to what I saw or heard in connection with this closeup observation of our land sea and air forces The first of these is that there Isnt in all of or single target that would be worthy of an Abomb The sec ond is that the dropping of an Abomb I think would an extremely bad effect psychologically in our battle for world opinion Lets dip into these 2 answers a little bit further And then if theres some time left we shall go on to consider some other aspects of our attempt to harness atomic energy for peacetime uses as well as for warmaking Not an Industrial Nation When I say that there isnt a target worthy of the Abomb in all of Korea Im meaning to say that there isnt a target which couldnt be dealt with at least as well and probably better by what came to be regarded as conven Death List Mounts in Rail Accident Yanks Keep Firm Hold of Jaegu in Gun Duel U S Artillery BULLETINS Keeps Reds Off Balance Johannesburg South Africa Marshal Jan Chris liaan Smuts died Monday night at his home at Irene near Pre toria tional bombing war II during World To begin with Korea isnt an Industrial nation at least not in the same sense that Germany with her Ruhr valley was during the last war Its true of course that what industry there is in Korea is quite largely centered north of the 38th parallel But the indus trial installations are still few and far between Iri other words such industrial plants as there are have to be pin pointed and dealt with by individ ual bombing missions as that oil refinery was not so long ago at Wonsan a North Korean eastern seaport Our B29s laden with regular bombs apparently did as complete a job of demolishing that plant as an Abomb could do Civilian Killings Held Down In the case of pinpoint bomb Ing death and injury can be held to a minimum so far as the civilian population is concerned When an Abomb is employed the death toll is staggering Hiroshima and Nagasaki stand as testimony to neither of them felt the force of what can be described as our modernized Abomb While we arent ordinarily dis By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo AP American and communist artillery and infantry slugged at each oth er in bitter closerange fight ing 7 miles north of Taegu Monday but at nightfall a U S 1st cavalry division spokes man said there had been no change in the front A fresh red Korean offen sive was expected at any hour following up the current brisk feeler actions against that vi tal northwest corner of the allied defense perimeter in Korea The spokesman said con siderable action was ex pected in the area Monday night but field reports about midnight indicated no major developments during the dark ness AP Correspondent Jack MacBeth reported navy cor sair fighters put in a night raid against Tabu enemy sup ply point 12 miles north of Taegu but results were not known American artillery fired phosphorous shells to light the planes targets A red force of regimental strength plunged into the center of the 2nd division front south west of Taegu but the drive was stopped cold Badly Beaten Allied fighter pilots who strafed the reds in support of the U S ground troops said the enemy was so badly beaten that it did not have enough force left to try a 2nd charge The action occurred 6 miles west of Changnyong which is 25 air miles south of Taegu Considerable action was ex pected again Monday night in the sector north of Taegu the army spokesman said Limited attacks were launched Sunday night Throughout the day allied air craft strafed rocketed and bombed enemy concentrations and equipment along the northern ap Coshocton Ohio William E Phaadt county coro ner reported Monday at least 32 and possibly more are dead in the Pennsylvania railroad train wreck near West La Fayette He said he knows of 40 to 50 who are injured several critically but most of them superficially Sports Bulletin YANKEES WIN Washington h e New York Yankees climbed into a tic with the idle Detroit Ti gers for the American league lead Monday by defeating the Senators in the 1st game of a doubleheader 5 to 1 First of War Dead Returned to Mason City The body of Pfc Forrest D Har riott 18 who died in Japan Aug 8 of wounds received in combat in Korea arrived in Mason City Sunday after noon via the Rock Island Lines More than 300 persons were at the train and about 100 cars The group in cluded H e a d quarters com pany and Com pany H the 133rd infantry Pfc Harriott on orders from the chief of the Iowa Military district Capt Jack R Baugh instructor of the local units of the national guard was in charge of arrange ments Groups Attend Harrison to Boss Arms Production President of I T T Takes Over National Production Authority Washington William Henry Harrison president In ternational Telephone Tele graph Corp Sunday become boss of the countrys soaring arms pro duction program Appointed by Secretary of Com merce Sawyer Harrison Monday takes charge of a national pro duction authority NPA in the commerce department The new agency will divert materials and plants as needed from civilian to military use Discuss Priority Twentyone steel company presidents it was learned will meet with Sawyer and Harrison Monday to discuss a priority and allocation system which in the end may mean fewer cars tele vision sets and new houses We shall use these powers only as it becomes necessary Sawyer promised But within 2 weeks officials predicted NPA will issue an anti hoarding order and a priority reg ulation to give defense work the At Least 32 Killed in Wreck 49 or 50 Guardsmen From Pennsylvania Injured in Ohio rightofway in every over civilian orders factory Sawyers action was a swift fol lowup to President Trumans ex ecutive orders Saturday and his broadcast Saturday night Mr Truman authorized the federal machinery to boost defense spend ing beyond an nually in a yearvirtually doub ling steep tax boosts to pay the way Mr Truman set up an eco nomic stabilization agency as a skeleton OPA with authority to govern both prices and wages Sawyers action erects a small scale facsimile of the powerful war production board of World AP Wircphoto SCENE OF TROOP TRAIN is an aerial view of where at least 25 Pennsyl vania national guard troops died early Monday when the rear of their troop train was hit by the Pennsylvania railroads Spirit of St Louis Injured were estimated at between 50 and 75 The crash took place just east of West Lafayette Ohio which is 7 miles east of Coshocton Ohio war II Jobs Unfilled posed to calculate the cost of war In terms of dollars and cents it cant be forgotten that o u i Abombs are by long odds the most expensive ammunition ever manufactured Our investment in the individual bomb runs into the multiple millions There have been quite a few guesses about how large a stock pile of atomic bombs we now pos sess Currently the top estimate is somewhere between 500 and 600 Not many in a position to make educated guesses are suggesting a lower figure than 400 Russia incidentally is assumed to have somewhere between 20 and 50 now Cost Would Exceed Damage One way to arrive at the cost of an individual bomb would be to start with the total amount spent on atomic energy development in the past 10 years and divide by the number of bombs now in our stock pile The fact that I cant do lack of leads me to hope that no Russian proach to Taegu Local action was reported on the 25th division front in deep South JCorea Elsewhere along the 120 nile allied defense perimeter there was comparative quiet The 8th army spokesman re p6rted that the American big guns knocked out a great number of red artillery pieces in the duel north of Taegu East of the first cavalry sector the South Koreans 1st and 6th division spent a relatively quiet day knows the answer either But this much is for sure The cost of the Abomb would actually be ever so much greater than the damage we could wreak any known target in either North or South Korea today That wouldnt be true with re spect to certain spots in the Ural mountains it wouldnt be true with the respect to Moscow and certain other points west of the Urals But it is true of Korea During World war II to some to a very large extent since that of satu ration bombing have contended that our own investment in planes and bombing have been in excess of the damage wrought against the enemy Not Even Debatable Now whether that contention was wellfounded with respect to the raids over Germany could be debated More than that it is be ing debated But the same question with respect to Korea wouldnt admit of debate There is agree ment among those in a position to know that the targets available just wouldnt be worthy of the ammunition if it took the form of Abombs Its established in the military that the Abomb has no useful function on a battlefield principally because it can draw no Continued on Fare 2 The RpK Republic of Korea 8th division continued its advance north of the YongchonKyongju road and at one point had moved 6 miles north of the road It met moderate enemy resistance Yongchon and Kyongju are road junctions between Taegu and the redheld port of Pohang on the southeast coast Moderate Resistance The 8th army spokesman said considerable movement of enemy forces was noted by allied pilots along the YongchonAngang road 10 miles from Yongchon Other military organizations represented included the Amvets V F W and American Legion and the American Legion Aux iliary Service organizations fur nished the honorary pallbearers and the national guard furnished the pallbearers Funeral services will be held at the PattersonJames chapel Tuesday at 4 p m with the Rev Alvin N Rogness pastor of Trin ity Lutheran church officiating Military rites will be held by the service organizations at Elmwood cemetery at p m Tuesday First Death Pfc Harriott 1st reported death of men from Mason City in the Korean war enlisted in the army in 1948 and was with the 1st cav alry in Korea Surviving are his father Ben Harriott 903 Pierce N W moth er Mrs Oval Stossivich 1645 Penn N E 2 brothers Keith and Jack Harriott Mason City 5 sis ters Mrs Don Ransom Ventura Mrs Dwight Stone Des Moines Mrs Gean Grouette Mrs Harry Wilcox and Mrs Lawrence Schaer Mason City and a half brother and 3 half sisters The PattersonJames funeral Several bigs Jobs in Mr Tru mans new mobilization machin ery remain unfilled Topping the list is the new stabilization ad ministrator Industry sources heard that James F Brownlee former dep uty director of OPA and a direc tor of Pillsbury Mills Inc and R H Macy Co had been ap proached but had declined There was no white house meeting Meantime there were these fur ther control developments 1 Chairman Spence promised that his house banking and currency committee will study the need for extending fed eral rent control Mr Truman Saturday night called the present in and our will to defend our free society Harrison will work under Saw yer but the secretary handed over to him bodily 13 divisions of Saw yersoff ice of industry and com merce each handling a group of vital war materials Also trans ferred w e r e the small business and marketing divisions The NPA administrator is on leave from I T T He was production director of the war production board in 1942 but was called into the army services of supply and handled procurement duties through the war Now 58 Harrison held the war time rank or major general He won the distinguished service medal and was decorated by the French and British governments Brooklynborn he started work as a phone repairman law inadequate 2 The commerce department home in charge restored export controls on 39 steel and iron products The NPA Sawyer said in a statement knows it is not em barking on a popularity contest in carrying out Mr Trumans or ders to divert certain materials and facilities from civilian use to military and related purposes Our effort will be to take a constructive but not timid ap proach to the problems which this order imposes upon us he said Bear Burden Cheerfully Whatever inconveniences re sult will I know be cheerfully borne by businessmen and citi zens because of our common faith Corn Crop 10000000 Bushels Less Des Moines 1950 corn crop will be nearly 10000 000 bushels less than anticipated i month ago the Iowa crop and livestock reporting service esti mated Monday The corn figure is 4969000 bu shels less than the 3167607000 forecast a month ago It compares with 3377790000 last year and 2900932000 for the 10yea 193948 average The indicated production of other crops compared with last months forecast last years pro duction and the 10year average production respectively included Oats 1481864000 bushels 1 456130000 last month 1322924 000 last year and 1274474000 for the 30 year average Hay all 106818000 tons 104 991000 99305000 and 100344 000 Soybeans for beans 274702000 bushels 270701000 222305000 and 164491000 Potatoes 420286000 bushels 407342000 401962000 and 403 284000 Sugarcane for sugar and beets 7597000 tons 7497000 6796000 and 5915000 Sugar beets 13151000 tons 13033000 10197000 and 9938 000 8 FISHERMEN DROWN Kodiak Alaska Eight fish ermen drowned Sunday in Chig ink lagoon when their skiff over turned in rough seas The other men aboard succeeded in swim ming to shore The men were employes of the Kodiak Fisheries Alabama Girl Vtiss America Crowd Roars Approval of Judges Selection Atlantic City brunette southern belle from Alabama is Miss America 1951 B r o w n e y e d brownhaired Yolande Betbeze of Mobile was named Americas beauty queen Saturday night in the finals of weeklong contest An audience of close to 19000 roared its approval of the judges selection Wearing a striking white gown he 21yearold 5foot 5i inch beauty received her crown and scepter from last years Miss America Jacque Mercer of Phoenix Ariz While she was accepting 2 dozen American beauty roses and the regal robe was being placed about her shoulders her crown fell to the floor It was quickly retrieved Police lined the 100foot run way as she walked out above the audience in her red and white robes of office It was the finale of the beauty pageant which at tracted 54 of the countrys pret tiest girls The new Miss America weighs 119 pounds and has a 35inch bust a 24inch waist and 35i inch hips A precontest favorite she wore a closefitting white bathing sui to win one of three preliminarj bathing suit contests Along with the title of Mis America she gels a scholar hip a new automobile and a hance to earn through Dersonal appearances She said she vill use the scholarship to further icr musical education An only child Miss Betbeze said ler mother Mrs Ethele Meyer Betbeze was unable to accompany her to Atlantic City but added 1 bet mother is thrilled Fifteen other beauties who reached thefinal round shared in scholarships ranging from to C Gardner Osage Nurseryman Dies Osage Funeral services for Clark Gardner 77 Osage nursery man were held Monday at 2 p m at the Champion funeral home the Rev Oryille Mellquist officiat ing Burial in the Osage cemetery He died at his home Friday night after a long illness Mr Gardner followed the nurs ery business all his life conducting the business founded by his grand father the late Nathaniel C Gard ner He was a son of Mr and Mrs Charles F Gardner Survivors include the widow son Robert of Osage daughter Mrs Robert Woehrle of St James Minn 3 granddaughters and a sister Mrs Nellie Raymond S Dak Danforth of GIobeGazeUe ihoto FIRST WAR DEAD guardsmen and other service organizations met the train Sunday on which the body of Pfc Forrest D Harriott 18 1st reported death of Mason City men in Korean war was returned Guardsmen acted as pallbearers SAME Black flat Irnfflo death in U Fish Gets Right Job Colon Mich Fish is a state conservation officer assigned to Fish Lake near here By ART PARKS Coshocton Ohio least 32 persons were killed early Mon day when a passenger train crashed into the rear of a stalled troop train in the fog Coroner William E Phaadt reported The coroner said the figure was at least 32 and possibly more He placed the injured at 49 or 50 Fort Hayes at Columbus said it had compiled a list of 27 soldier dead and 61 injured 20 of them critically The total dead might be even more Major George L Ford ex plained We are compiling the military casualties and some civil ians might also have been killed No Civilians Killed The passenger train the Spirit of St Louis of the Pennsylvania railroad collided with another Pennsylvania train carrying Penn sylvania national guardsmen to Camp Atterbury Ind No passen gers on The Spirit were reported seriously hurt Railroad officials said we wont have anything on cause of the wreck until after an investigation is made The PRR in a statement is sued at Philadelphia said the wreck scene area is equipped with the most modern signalling and protective devices It has automatic position light signals at the wayside the state ment said and locomotives are equipped with cab signals which appear in front of the engineman and fireman Iri the cab and repro duce exactly the indications of the wayside signals The railroad declined to amplify the statement nor would it say whether it was possible that a sig nal might have been missed by crew members of the passenger Mechanical Trouble Most of the dead and injured were in an old fashioned coach on the end of the 20car troop train Some were sleeping others were being awakened for breakfast when the crash occurred at a m CST The rear coach looked like a pile of tin cans and rubbish after it had been rammed Its roof 70 feet long was compressed into 10 feet The troop train had stopped at a m CST due to a broken air hose Lt Col Frank Townend of Dal las Pa said crew members imme diately placed red flares and a lan tern about 100 yards down the track We saw the train a long way off he related We thought it would surely see the flares and lantern and stop Although it did no good we shouted and waved our arms until we could see there was going to be a crash We jumped down the high em bankment to save ourselves There was no time to give any warning after we realized the oncoming train was not going to stop Four hours after the accident AP Wlrephoto THEY SAW THEIR MEN OFF TO unashamedly women lean against station train gates in Philadelphia as Pennsylvania national guardsmen left for Camp Atterbury Ind for training since they were called into service The Philadelphia units were aboard a special troop train which preceded the train involved in the wreck in Ohio ;