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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 11, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER OF EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI Prea ma United Press Full Wires Ftvi Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 11 tnffc ot TWO One NO TOJO ATTEMPTS SUICIDE BY PISTOL CONGRESSASKS FASTER SYSTEM FOR DISCHARGE Home Is Expected to Pass Proposal on Pearl Harbor Probe TUESDAY IN CONGRESS Clamor Increases for speedier discharges Senator says army wants vol unteer drive to fail House neartor vote on Pearl Harbor investigation Washington Members of congress roared louder Tuesday about getting people out of uni form They also waded into their biggest days work since the war ended Pearl Harbor Airports Government corporations Sur plus war goods Five star gen erals Todays Jobless i To morrows jobs Those were subjects for actions as well as words Congress was settling down to serious business This was the news on the con gressmilitary front Senator Edwin C Johnson D Colo contended that army want voluntary recruit ing to fail because they love the draft 2 The senate military commit tee met to consider a bill to speed recruiting by making army life more appealing A similar bill has been approved by the house mili tary committee 3 Several senators and repre sentatives called for faster dis charge of servicemen And here is afast look at other developments PEARL HARBOR The house Tuesday is expected to okay a congressional investigation of the disaster The senate already has said yes senate finance committee strug gled with this subject trying to agree on a bill in some form The original proposal backed by Pres ident Truman was to increase and lengthen state benefits to the jobless by adding federal cash Some of the state governments dont want the help because wages in their itates are lower than the national average They fear that higher jobless benefits might encourage idleness A strong movement has developed to put the bill on a takeitorleaveit basis AIRPORTS The senate is de bating a bill tphand out 000000 in federal cash for airport building over aVsiyear period The money would have to be matched by local governmenfsNThe house has an airport bill too a differ ent but hasnt debated it yet GOVERNMENT CORPORA The house took Up a bill to make them call congress papa If the bill becomes law all government corporations ex cept TVA and the farm credit agencies will have to submit an annual businesstype budget to congress The bill is expected to pass the house late Tuesday or Wednesday SURPLUS WAR Mon day the house passed a bill to abolish the 3man surplus prop erty board and put a single boss in charge selling jeeps ships shoes factories airplanes real estate mosquito nets and other leftover war goods FIVESTAR GENERALS The same senate committee was ex pected to approve a bill giving the 5star generals and admirals those ranks permanently Costly Deed Los Angeles Cal ing salesman Robert Galvraith paid Monday to play the role of the Good Samaritan Noticing a man sitting on a curb Galvraith stopped to inquire Is there anything wrong whereupon the curbsitter rose to his feet arid slugged his wouldbe benefactor taking from him Motorist Asserts His Right to Purchase Small Amount of Gasoline Basin Wyo p A motorist who reportedly recently said fill up and let a gallon run on the ground can now take a back seat A Basin resident drove into a filling station where an attendant inquired Fill er up Naw the Basin man replied Gimme 2 For 1 years Ive had to buy 4 gallons at a crack and now Im gonna buy just as little as I durn please Iowa Rules on Pension for Teachers Des Moines state at torney generals office ruled Mon day that school boards cannot levy a double rax to cover their con tributions to local pension plans and the new state public employes pension system for the same teachers Thus teachers already covered by local pension plans cannot join the state plan and receive a dou ble pensionthe opinion written by K G Toder first assistant attor ney general held The opinion reversed a former informal ruling by the state em ployment security commission which administers the state pen sion system holding that both plans could be continued The primary purpose of the new act was to provide a retire ment or pension system for such public employes as were not for merly covered by such a system Yoder declared We believe the legislature had no thought of creating a situation whereby 2 pension systems would be in operation at the same time affecting the same employes and each financed in part by tax reve nue State Comptroller C Fred Por ter promptly used the opinion which he had requested as the basis for reducing a request of the Cedar Rapids school district for an additional tax levy approximating to cover contributions to the state plan while continuing pay ments to the citys local system Protests over a similar situation were to be heard meanwhile at a public hearing scheduled at Sioux City Tuesday by the state tax ap peal board Some 160 taxpayers in that city have protested efforts of the school district to levy in taxes for contributions to the new system and for con tinuing contributions to the Sioux City plan GoLDevereux Is Reported Alive in Japkri Ominato Jauavi James P Devereux Lt heroic Col ma rine commander on Wake island is alive and in charge of one of the prisoner of war camps in the Bibai area of Hokkaido island 5 prisoners of war from the district reported here Tuesday The 5 who reached here from Bibai included Capt A N Brown U a army medical corps 424 Huntington ave Council Bluffs Iowa IOWA RECEIVES WILDLIFE HELP Washington flP Apportion ment of among 47 states for restoration and development of wildlife resources for the 12 months ending next June 30 was announced Tuesday by Secretary of Interior Ickes The federal funds are allotted on the basis of area and the num ber of hunting licenses sold by the states The money comes from the 11 per cent tax on sporting arras and ammunition imposed under the PittmanRobertson act States and territories participating In the program arc required to con tribute 25 per cent of the cost of wildlife development work Allotnierits by states include Iowa and Nebraska Deployment Timetable Paris redeploy ment timetable of U S army di visions 45th infantry and 17th airborne On high seas 69th infantry 271st and Z72nd regiments In United Kingdom awaiting shipment Sept 14 273rd regiment on high seas 63rd infantry 254th and 255th regiments at Le Havre awaiting transfer to United Kingdom Sept 17 for shipment homeV 103rd infantry Loading at Le Havre will clear lor UnitedStates by Sept 15 6th armored Loading at Le Havre 14th armored Last elcments sailed from Marseille for United States Tuesday 70th infantry At assembly area command 5th armored At assembly area command moves to port of em barkation Wednesday 9th armored At assembly area command moves to Port by Sept 99th Infantry In Marseille stag ing area some elements loading Buy jour Victory Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy Wainwrights first meeting in years AP 2 More Cases Brings Polio Total to 19 Two additional cases of infan tile paralysis were reported in Mason City Tuesday bringing the total number thus far in 1945 to 19 it was stated at the office of Dr C M Franchere city health director The latest victims were a 15 year old boy and a 22 year old married woman Both were taken to the University hospital at Iowa City Ages of the persons who got the disease have ranged from infants to a 27 year old woman it was stated by the health director A considerable percentage of the vie Woinwright Rests After Receiving Heros Acclaim a Jonathan M Wainwright who endured 39 months of Japanese captivity was resting up Tuesday from a new much acclaim from a grateful nation Americas newest idol the man whose gallant defense of Bataan and Corregidor gave hfcwrairtry time to plan its comeback exS there c exuec is T25dy Wednesday resttau and having an N5W he Walking with a cane Wairiwright was visibly fatigued after the 4hour pubhc reception accorded him Monday by hunlreds ofihou sands of Washingtonians The side of his face appeared to be badly swollen Immediately after the Pentagon press conference which wound up Mondays cere monies he and Mrs Wainwright leftfor their Shoreham hotel suite It was learned that earlier in the day Secretary of War Henry L Stimson served cocktails to Waihwfight and his party in a private reception in Stimsqns of fice This type of hospibOity which took place soon wrights plane arrived was a rare departure from Stimsons usual official All the top war department of ficials civilian and military were on hand in Stimsons office to greetthe returning hero of Ba taan and Corregidor Following his appearance at the war department Wainwrieht re ceived the keys to the city at a gigantic public rally on the Wash ington monument grounds ap peared before both houses of con gress separately and then went to the white house where President Truman bestowed on him the countrys highest military award the medal of honor In brief speeches during the day he urged the nation to main tain its preparedness to prevent successful attacks in the future declared there must be no easy peace for Japan and said he hoped the full story of Japanese treat ment of war prisoners may be revealed in all its ghastly de tail Wainwrights press conference was extremely short and no ques tions asked He said simply that the Japanese heaped indignities upon him and his men but re fused to say more on the subject He reviewed the closing days of the war in the Philippines and briefly outlined his experience as a prisoner on Luzon Formosa and Manchuria He was liberated AugC 16 The general appeared to be much more interested In talking about the welcome he received from the capital than about his past experiences There is no doubt in my mind that this day marks the highlight of my whole life he said In the first placeas I stepped from my plane at the national airport the first person to greet me was my beloved wife I have waited for many long months nearly years to see her I have waited for this moment APPROVE BILL FOR OLD TIME Washington UR The house interstate commerce committee Tuesday approved a bill to tuni thenations clocks back an hour to prewar Standard time Under terms of the measure In troduced by Rep Lyle H Boren D Okla war time would be abol ished at 2 a m on Sunday Sept 30 War hour later than standard been in effect since early February 1942 Acting Chairman Alfred L Bui winkle D N Car said he will try to have the house act on the Boren bill Wednesday He said he i expects speedy passage 2 SHIPS BRING SOLDIERS HOME Boston Mass follow ing Noth lowans were scheduled to on the SS Marine Robin in harbor Here Sunday re North Kobert N Clmmcti Dmnont Southern VMinnesotans ship were TJ Emu Houston county Ts Lconmrt n Stmmtn Freton Second it LoVell H Jenien Jckjun Arriving recently on the SS Claymont Victory due here cently was the following lowan Cpl T BoiV GtlMlcM Southern Minnesotans on the aboveship were Cpl ran 3 Diner Austin Flat LI Donitd P Keln St Jimcs Sit Stanley J Bess Blue Erth T3 Gerhirt Ptr Austin John K Amtln Tt BroW B Miner Astia ftc Raymond E Mdctzk Bine rrth Brt Georte A Dietrich r armn 14 Herbert Kotb Nortbrop URGESlBTOR EVERY VETERAN Des Moines IP A job for every veteran should be a main goal of the public Jean A Brun ner national commander of the Veterans of Foreign Wars de clared Monday industry should freete at least 50 percent of its avail able jobs for the war veterans said Brunrier The jobs can be supplied if industry can convert properly and quickly If they dont have the fund for reconversion the gov ernment should advance it to them on easy creditV 2 More Boys Escape From Eldora School Moines inmates of the Eldora state training school for boys escaped Monday night while assigned to the institution dairycrew the state board of con trol which has jurisdiction over the school reported Tuesday The boys were Clifford Lovett of Galesbnrg in and Paul Krante of Newton There were about a doz en or so boys in the crew but the others did not participate in the break the report said Gov Robert D Blue meanwhile said he was studying a second re port of the state bureau of crimi nal investigation on conditions at the school He declined to com ment other than to say the report consisted of a transcript of state Following the first report the governor suspended O S Von Krog superintendent of the school 22 years and 2 guards Von Kfog later resigned and the board of control is seeking a new superin tendent to relieve Percy A Lain son warden of the Fort Madison penitentiary who is in charge tem porarily atEldora Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday No decided change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy and cool Tuesday clear and cool Tuesday night Wednesday increasing cloudiness and warmer Minnesota Mostly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday but scattered showers Tuesday night and in southeast portion Wednesday No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday At 8 a m Tuesday Precipitation YEAH AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 65 52 52 Trace 72 49 09 BATTLE POLIO IN ALBERT LEA Albert Lea Minn Tuesday battled to prevent spread of a possible infantile paralysis epidemic in Freeborn county after 6 victims were sent to the Sister Elizabeth Kenny foundation in Minneapolis for treatment Five other children were iso lated and under observation Tues day TAKE CHEESE OFF RATIONING Removal Effective Wednesday Washington If The OPA Tuesday removed all varieties of cheese from rationing effective at a m Wednesday The agency took this action as the agriculture department re moved all cheese controls follow the armythat some military stocks of chedfler cheese can be used to meet re quirements of foreign The department eliminated a 40 per cent chedder cheese set aside for September and terminated an order which had restricted manu facture of foreigntyped cheese to permit production of chedder in greater volume Price Administrator Chester Bowles said theaction will make possible a small increase in the amount of meat and butter people can buy with red stamps Bowles said that about 2 per cent of all red stamps have been used to buy cheese OPA and the agriculture de partment said it is expected that future cheese buying for foreign claimants will be done on the open market Technically cheese stays on the ration list but now has a zero value This means it could be re stored to rationing on short no tice if conditions should warrant North Iowa Civilian Freed From Jap Camp Martin Aus land received a telegram from the war department Tuesday stating that her son William Ausland 38 has been liberated from a Jap prison camp where he has been since the fall of Wake island He was chief engineer on a construc tion crew there The telegram states his physical condition was good GEN HIDEKI TOJO American Blood See Increase in Iowa Corn for 1945 Crop Des Moines famous corn crop plagued earlier this sea son by unfavorable growing weather appeared headed Tuesday toward a 529296000bushel output and a better production record than was set in the 10year period ended in 1943 The Iowa crop and livestock re porting service predicted that the 1945 crop would average 48 bush els an bushel an acre more than was estimated on the basis of Aug 1 conditions Indicated production still fell short however of equalling 1944s bumper 607608000busheL corn crop which was accomplished with an average of 57 bushels an acre Average output in the 10year period ended in 1943 was 436 342000 bushels The service estimated that the states oats crop would yield 222 794000 bushels to the largest cropirncVl937rThe 1944 harvest produced 144270000 bushels for an average of 30 bushels an acre A 38100000bushel soybean crop is in store for Iowa the serv ice added Last year 42580000 bushels were produced It estimated the potato crop at 4320000 bushels or120 bushels an acre as compared with 1844 output 2470000 bushels Other predictions by the service were for a flaxseed yield of 122 000 bushels compared with 656 000 bushels last year and a tame hay harvest of 5663000 tons com pared with 5528000 tons in 1944 Wet Welcome Tokyo effusive Japa nese civilian bowed himself right off a dock into the water Tuesday as crowds of Japanese turned out to greet the first American ship to tie up at a Tokyo dock since before the war The crew of the vessel a small signal corps communications craft fished the dunked welcomer from the bay while officers were greet ed by port Tokyo officials Miner Found Dead Mystic Robert Fenton said John H Duccy 67 year old miner who was found dead near the railroad tracks south of Mystic Sunday appar ently succumbed to a heart at tack Four daughters and 5 sons survive FORMERLEADER OF JAPAN GETS YANKEE BLOOD Given 5050 Chance to Live After Poor Attempt at Suicide Tokyo Tojo who ncited the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor Tuesday shot and gravely wounded himself as vas about to be taken into custody ror questioning l Tuesday American afrmy doctors vere endeavoring to save the life of the 61 year old former premier and said he had an even chance o survive Tojo was still alive at p Tokyo time some 6 after the suicide attempt Brought to the 98th evacuation hospital at p m Tojo was given another injection of blood plasma I tried to shoot myself In the icart because I didnt want to mess up my head Tojo was quoted by an interpreter at tho I Assume Responsibility for vice i i UIUGJU Tojos sideim himself Tuesday Here is Bartholomews eye witness story of what may have been Tojos last hours By FRANK H BARTHOLOMEW United Press Staff Correspondent Tokyo wanted to die by the sword but the pistol had to do I assume the responsibility for the war Banzai fT Gen HIdeki Tojo the little He gasped them out during momentary return to conscious ness as I knelt at his side Tues day Only 23 minutes earlier he had torn a gaping wound with a re volver bullet in a suicide attempt as American military police ar rived at his suburban home to ar rest him as a war criminal Tojo was seated in an easy chair his legs crossed He wore a bloodspattered white sports shirt khaki whipcord military trousers and high boots He spoke weakly in Japanese1 H was translated for me word bv word by T Takamatsu of the Tokyo Mainichi staff I wanted to die by the sword but the pistol had to do he re pealed I assume the responsi bility for the war I now realize was bad for the people I am new happy to die Banzai Then Tojo lapsed into uncon sciousness again His bald head was beaded with sweat Takamatsu and 1 had arrived at Tojos home in the Setagaya district of the extreme western part of greater Tokyo at p m Guards advised us Tojo was not at home While we waited Maj Paul Kraus of Gen Douglas MacAr thurs counterintelligence corps arrived with orders for Tojos arrest At p m Tojo returned He entered hastily then opened a side window to his study and peered out a smile on his face He asked what was wanted His gold teeth showed as he spoke Lean and brown he appeared in perfect physical condition Kraus told him Open the door so I can come in and present my credentials Tojo waved his arms and re plied Unless this is an official order I do not care to discuss it Kraus turned to an interpre ter Tell him to quit this damn fooling around and lets get go ing Kraus said Tell him to open the front door so I can pres ent my credentials Tell him to prepare himself for a trip to Gen eral MacArthurs headquarters at Yokohama The interpreter translated Tojo slammed his window down hard We thought he was moving to open the front door and went to the front of the house At p m a shot rang out Kraus rushed to the front double door They were locked but he pulled them open and ran into the entrance hall with cor respondents immediately behind him Other newsmen had arrived at the scene with Kraus was slumped in an easy chair parallel to the door He was unconscious but groaning heavily with every breath In the next room to the rear was a young man sitting cross legged on a mat his head bowed in silence Takamatsu said he was one of Tojos sons Suddenly Tojo regained con sciousness He waved his left arm to summon interviewers We crouched around him Then he made what undoubted ly was his dying statement assum ing responsibility for the war and sayinp he now was happy to die Tojos son appeared from the next room with a glass of water A medical corpsman ordered thai the general not be moved until a doctor had arrived Tojo by then was unconscious again but still breathing and groaning The wound was a bac one It appeared almost 6 inches long and continuously bubbled ret froth Takamatsu toid me in the driving to Tojos home that the 61 year old warlords associates had already advised him 4 differ ent times that harakiri was the only honorable course left open to him It is evident that Tojos persona prestige among the Japanese people had reached the lowes conceivable ebb prior to Tuesdays attempted suicide hospital Three transfusions had been ivcn the Japanese Gen Robert L Eichelberger commander of the eighth army was in the operating room while doctors worked over the onetime dictator The ambulance trip from the 1st cavalry aid station over rough roads required an hour and 20 minutes I want to die Tojo exclaimed shortly after firing a shot into his chest from a 32 caliber automatic pistol at p m I am sorry for the peoples of Greater the Japanese Dome news agency later quoted him I will shoulder the whole responsibility I hope they not go amiss in dealing with the was a just war With all our strength gone we finally fell I did not want to stand befoik the victor to be tried as the van quished This is my own caseI wanted to kill myself in one stroke I first thought of using my sword to kill myself but instead I used the revolver for fear I might fait and survive General MacArthnr had issued a pickup order for Toio who merely was wanted at headquar ters for questioning The order followed an inter view which Tojo gave only Mon day to Associated Press Corres pondents Russell Brines and Mur 1m Spencer at his comfortable farm some 20 miles outside Tokyo The correspondents had asked Tojo who was responsible for starting the war and the Japa nese replied You are the victors and you are able to name him now But histor ians 500 or 1000 years from now may judge differently The little is only 5 feet 4 inches and weighs about 120 had heard that American officers were about to take him into custody He had planned suicide in the traditional hara kiri style and 2 ceremonial knives and 2 automatic pistols were prepared The American counterintelli gence officers headed by Maj Paul Kraus address ungiven and a party of correspondents ap proached Tojos home Tojo twice opened one ot the large sliding windows of his house He smiled at the officers with the gaze that once added to his illboded nickname of the ra zor brain An officer attempted to show his credentials through the win dow I am Tojo the little Japanese cried then he slammed the win dow down so hard he almost broke it It seemed he wanted to make certain the officers knew he was the man they wanted Alert Charles Gorry AP photographer snapped his picture as he glow ered The officers and correspondents started for the front door and a moment later a shot was heard Servants and Japanese police gathered excitedly but the Ameri can officers kicked down a door only to find another locked door It also was broken open and Tojo was found on the floor A Japanese doctor who was called promptly said that Tojo was nothing would save his life Then 2 American doctors wera summoned Promptly gave him a pint of American blood plasma and said he had a 5050 chance for life which he mumbled he did not want The American doctor in charge of the battle to save the suicidal former premier was Capt James Johnson of Newark Ohio Tojo shot himself through ;