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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 11, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COWP DEPARTVEMT Of AM A9CH1 VE3 A HOME EDITION THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS TOLL LEASED WIRES ITIVI CENTS A MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 11 1941 THIS PAPKR CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 289 F D R CONFERS WITH LEADERS Red Counter Attacks Smash Nazis on Three Fronts CASUALTIES OF GERMANS HUGE DEFENDERS SAY Invaders Hurled Back Twelve More Miles in Vita Central Sector MOSCOW ttlR Red avmy counterattacks were reported in war dispatches Thursday to have smashed German concentrations with huge casualties on the Ukraine central northern and Arctic fronts The dispatches reported that 1 A Russian counterattack broke up new German assaults on the gates of Kiev with 38000 en emy casualties in fierce day and night lighting 2 Hurled the Germans back 12 more miles on the central fronttaking 12 additional vil lages 3 The Russians repulsed nazi concentrations somewhere west oE the Dvina river which flows from Estonia through Vitebsk on the north central front thwarted attempts of the enemy to cross the river and recaptured the village of Starina 4 A red army force in continu ous counterattacks in the Kes 1eng sector near Lake Topozero about 100 miles southwest of Kan dalashka on the Arctic Mur sector recaptured stra tegic points London dispatches snowhad started falling in Finland andthat the Germans apparently were starting a new push toward Murmansk the great Russian port in the Arctic 5 The defenders of Leningrad and Odessa continued to beat back enemy siege troops and to stand firm against continuous aerial and artillery bombard ment 6 A tierce battle continued after two weeks in the area of Velikie Luki 125 miles due north of Smolensk where the red army was reported to have repulsed at tacks and destroyed 12000 Ger mans 340 tanks 140 guns 400 motorcars planes accord ing to the Red Star On the Arctic front the army publication Red Star reported that a Russian offensive for several days had pushed back the enemy despite stubborn re sistance and that heavy losses bad been Inflicted on the axis forces An entire infantry bat talion about 1000 men was annihilated in the last reported action But the most intense fighting appeared to be in progress on the Kiev and central fronts where important gains were claimed The Germans in their assaults on Kiev have lost 30000 casual ties hundreds of tanks guns and planes the Red Star correspondent reported by telephone The Ger mans recently brought up fresh troops and fighting continued day and night but the offensive was decisively halted at the gates of Kiev with defeat of the enemy Emperor in Full Control of Jap Army TOKIO Hirohito Thursday took direct command of Japanese army headquarters and moved to assure close army col laboration with Premier Prince Fumimaro Konoyes government which appeared to be trying to keep Japan out of war even if that meant drifting away from he axis ties Major developments in Japans efforts to cope with what Konoye has described as the most serious crisis in her history were 1 The war office established a new defense general headquar ters under command of Gen Otozo Yamada Yamada is personally responsible to the throne and be comes virtual generalissimo of the army superseding previous em phasis on general staff contrpl 2 Konoye appointed Fumio Go to succeed Admiral Nobumasa Suetsugu as chairman of the cen tral cooperative council of the Imperial Rule Assistance associa replaced Japans for mer political parties 3 The emperor gave treat prestige to the cabinet and Illicitly gave his approval to find a solution of Japans prob lem short of war by enter taining it at luncheon in ap preciation of the outstanding services they the ministers have rendered to the state 4 Newspapers continuing to lemper their criticism of the United States said that Japan and the United States should reach an amicable settlement of their dis agreements The newspaper Chu gaisaid Japan and theUnited States should make a broad study of all problems hindering friend ly relations The new defense headquarters will be under the direct command i of the emperor the Domei news agency said Yamada as com mandant will be responsible for the defense of Japan proper Korea Formosa and Sakhalien Yamada formerly was inspector general of military education and a member of the supreme war council It was believed that Ya madas new appointment would assure the closest possible army collaboration with government policies Observers attached import ance to creation of the new de fense general headquarters be cause it places the army under the personal command of the emperor whose will is law among the Japanese warrior class and whose sanction is re quired for any new departure in Japanese policy political mil itary or economic Closely linked with Yamadas appointment was Konoyes action Canadians Land at Spitsbergen Canadian soldiers units of an expeditionary force of British Canadians and Norwe gians who occupied coalrich Spitsbergen island left their unidentified troop ship in boats to make an unvesisted landing London sources revealed later that royal engineers crippled facilities in coal ports to prevent the fuel from falling into German hands BRITISH PLANES ON EAST FRONT Swarms ofFighters Sent to Russia to Battle Luftwaffe LONDON force fighter lanes have been sent to aid the Russian air force against the uftwaffe on the eastern front of cials said Thursday as the Ger mans launched new drives in a ace against the swift approach of vinter Dispatch of Royal Air Force ighter planes British pilots pre umably would be essential to op ration of the fighters marked he first important cooperation of British and Russian armed forces n the eastern front and indicated he determination of Londori to iclp maintain the strongest pos ible winter front in Russia The Russian counterdrives all along the eastern front were re garded here as making the Ger man race against winter more dif icultevery day Official sources said that many of the RAF planes already had arrived in Russia but they de clined further elaboration Subcommittee Hears Flynn in Movie Propaganda Probe Willkie Senators Continue Battle of Press Statements 95th and 99th divisions The correspondent said that the steel wall before Kiev is manned by office workers Don basin miners Kharkov and Mos cow factory workers Poltava determined to de fend every inch ground These forces stood off the Germans repeated attacks the Correspondent said and then Russian forces counterattacked Russian artillery smashed the German emplacements and bay onet charm forced the enemy into retreat The official news agency Tass said that residents of the town of Yelnya on the central front southeast of Smolensk were now returning to their homes after spending weeksin the forests and underground shelters when the Germans held the town which the action of the emperor in en tertaining the cabinet at luncheon at the imperial palace The newspaper Chugai which close to the cabinet said there still was opportunity to avoid armed collision with the United States It said that Japans object in joining the military alliance of Germany and Italy was to pre vent extension of war but it pointed out that United States pressure on Japan had increased since she tied up with the axis Meanwhile a growing fuel shortage emphasized the effect oi United States and British econo mic pressure on Japan All gasolinepropelled vehi cles except those needed for specific emergency nse were banned from the streets of Jap anese cities The transport situation here was serious Only onethird the norma number of taxicabs was by gasoline buses street cars subways and elevated rail roads already were congested be cause of strict fuel rationing Buses use substitute fuels was looted and enemy burned by the BILL READY NEXT WEEK 7ASHINGTON UR1 Chair man Robert L Doughton D N Car of the house ways and means committee predicted Thursday that the tax bill will be ready for President Roose velts signature early next week He Wants Willkie Investigated SALT LAKE CITY er Senator Rush Holt Wednesday night demanded an investigation of Wendell L Willkie as a wa propagandist Speaking before a group o America First members here Uv former democratic senator from West Virginia and critic of the Roosevelt administration charged that the former republican presi dential candidate now defending Hollywood producers accused o spreading war propaganda i barefoot boy of Wall street has become the glamour bov o Hollywood Southern Minnesota Authorities Search or Gunman Bandits MADELIA Minn ern Minnesota authorities Thurs day sought three gunmen who shot and wounded Don NiUkow ski 32 Mankato Minn truck driver and fled with in cash and checks he had collected from the sale of cheese Nitzkowski told Sheriff I M Berg of St James that he was stopped by the three men on a side road between St James and Adelia Nitzwokski said that in stead of obeying the order he stepped on the gas in an attempt to escape He said the bandits passed him and forced him to stop The gunmen took his receipts for the day and some of his cheese When they turned to leave kowski slipped on the road shoul der and one of the men fired at him wounding him in the shoul der The bandits then fled 5 Death Sentences Imposed in Greece BERLIN disT patches to the German newspaper Donauw Zeitung of Belgrade Thursday reported the imposition of death sentences on five Greeks and the confiscation of the prop erties of former Greek statesmen and all their relatives to the sec ond degree The newspaper said German military authorities in Greece had announced the death sentences of a Salonika merchant accused of helping two Britons escape three farmers near Athens for the pos session of weapons and a farmer in Crete for the sabotage of Ger man telephones WASHINGTON T Flynn economist and columnist asserted before a senate investi lating subcommittee Thursday that the motion picture industry lias suppressed one side of the national debate over war and has created a tremendous engine of propaganda for controlling and in flaming the public mind Flynn testifying on a resolu tion for an investigation of al leged war propaganda films and radio programs charged that eight major companies control the pro duction and distribution of films and are lending their efforts to the interventionist cause He quoted Supreme Court Jus tice Robert H Jackson Walter Lippman a columnist whom he described as an allout interven tionist Frank Capra film direc tor and others to the effect that the picture industry is a closely held monopoly Flynn observed at one point that even though a moving pic ture might truthfully portray an event it could still be propa ganda Willkie thereupon gave report ers a handwritten statement as serting that John Flynns ad mission that lie was not com plaining that the pictures por trayed other than the truth elimi nates the sole remaining excuse for the continuance of the hear ig WiVJkie also handed reporters a typewritten statement asserting that the merely Clarks of yesterday or perhaps John Flynn wrote them both The statement said that the in dustry wanted to show the pic tures and to demonstrate by direct testimony of witnesses just re turned from Germany that the films were only a pale portraya of the terror and cruelties of nazi Germany It added that in Flynns testi mony the old monopoly humbug is dragged out again to divert mo mentarily attention from the rea object of the sabotage of the countrys foreign policy Flynn is an active member of the America First committee and an outspoken opponent of President Roosevelts foreign policy As the third day of the hearing started Wendell L Willkie coun sel for the motion picture indus try continued his battle of state ments with noninterventionist senators Willkie who has charged that the heaving is illegal asserted in his latest statement to the press that the senate group was a rump subcommittee that is be ing used by noninterventionists to fight the foreign policy of their country The subcommittee technically is holding hearings to deter mine whether he senate should approve a resolution by Sena tors Gerald P Nye R N Dak and Bennett C Clark D iUo which calls for a full senate investigation of alleged movie propaganda Willkie accused Nye and Clark of using their senatorial powers to disseminate unsubstantiated gossip destroying reputations by whim and fancy Later President Neville Miller of the National Association of Broadcasters charged that Clark had made a malicious attempt to smear a great industry radio at a lime when it is playing important a part in Hie arma ment program His charge was made in a letter to Subcommittee Chairman D Worth Clark D j Idaho He said Bennett Clark had old the committee that radio acilities were being used to dis seminate propaganda for war Wiilkie and Bennett Clark clashed after Wednesdays hear ng in a series of statements Willkie was denied the privilege of crossexamining witnesses Chairman Clark asserting that such procedure was contrary to congressional practice for 100 years Willkie complained again of his inability to question Clark after the latter had testified Wed nesday that movie theaters have BRITISH PLANES STRIKE HEAVILY AT NORTH ITALY Industrial Centers Suffer Greatest Attack of War LONDON Britains great aerial offensive was ex tended to heart of industrial Italy I Thursday by planes which swept j over more than 600 of Eur ope cutting a corner of Switzer land to bomb the MilanGcnoa Turin triangle which is Italys source of supply Reliable informants said thai the raid was the heaviest of the war on northern Italy Turin was the principal tar get they said and bombs were rained on the great Fiat and Caproni aircraft and motor works in the area At Geneva home of the league of nations the steady drone of i British airplane motors was licavd for more than an hour as the pro cession skirted down along the SwissFrench Frontier on its way to Italy V Italy was now apparently to linvc its share of the darker side of the war H was the first raid on northern Italy since Jan12 when Padua and Venice were bombed The British aerial offensive now extended from the coast of Nor way southward more than 1400 miles to Mediterranean Sicily and the tip of the Italian boot in Cal abria The raid on northern Ttaly was a tacit announcement that the lengthening would brin Lindbergh Working on Radio Talk DES MOINES oblivious of a question bombard ment fired at him over telegraph wires Charles A Lindbergh worked in his hotel room Thurs day on an address to be delivered Thursday night before an America First here meeting in the Coliseum PROTECTION OF SEA ROUTES TO ICELAND SEEN Expect President to Tell Resentment of Greer Attack WASHINGTON UP Usually trustworthy sources said Thursday that Presi dent Roosevelts worldwide address Thursday night will declare that the United States The onetime Lone Eagle who flew the Atlantic ocean alone 1927 will continue his attacks on take whatever action is President Roosevelt s foreign policies with a speech on Who Are the War Agitators The address to begin at p m will he broadcast over a mutual network hookup Proceedings will be hailed in Ihc Coliseum at 8 p m to enable the crowd to President message hear the broadcast oE Roosevelts 25minulc Four Fowans headed by Robcil I necessary to protect ship ments to Iceland The president also is ex pected to express American resentment over the German submarine attack last week on the U S destroyer Greer which was enroute to Iceland and over the sinkings of the U S freighter Steel Seafarer J Shaw former state America Legion commander disclosed that they had telegraphed 13 questions witness testimony was a redraft of Senator been transformed into 17000 daily and nightly mass meetings for war and that a small clique of Hollywood executives have opened theaters to the glorifica tion of war to the glorification of Englands imperialism to the creation of hatred of the people of Germany and now of France to the hatred of those in America who disagree with them Senator Clark is welt known for the joy he takes in badger ing witnesses Willkie said but apparently Senator Clark is to be protected from any examination of himself Clark replied that he would have been glad to be questioned by Willkie but the universal rule j of both senate and house com mittees lias been to prohibit ini terrogation by outside counsel Mr Willkie appears to think he is entirely beyond the pale of bigger fleets of planes more often to the most important Italian in dustrial cities Berlin had received its heav iest attack of the war Sunday night Wednesday British coas tal command planes torpedoed a German supply ship in an attack on a convoy off the Norway cnasl Fighter planes attacked German shipping on the North sea coast ami targets in north ern France Plane formations look off Wednesday night in a channel haze to homhthe French invasion coast f Since the end of June Brills planes based on Malta and other strategic places had bombed south ern Italy and Sicily long immum from the war 41 times and the British navy air arm and sub marines had been conducting Quietly but effectively their big est attacks of the war on Italian shippme in the narrow waters be tween Sicily and northern Africa British submarines had scored their most striking successes of the war during the past three weeks A innofllon Italian cruiser and a fiOOO ton Italian cruiser had been torpedoed and flic liners Duilio 23636 tons and Esperia 11398 tons had been sunk in addition to many supply ships ankers and schooners most of them on con voy duty between Italy and Libya There was increasing specula tion as to whether the attacks on Italy by air and submarine might foretell a British offensive in Libya and even an eventual at tempt to land troops in Sicily or southernmost Italy There was no doubt that they were part of a big plan to reduce Italys stature even farther as a partner of Ger to Lindbergh They asked the Thursday night The questions included Wliy have you never said rilical word about Hitler axiism him sea The Greer unharmed was I in the Red which was carrying mail to U S forces in Iceland The Steel Seafarer j was carrying lemilease sup i plies to the British forces in i the near oast i These indications came after a white house conference at which If Hitler is not a threat what M Roosevelt went over with are we preparing for j congressional leaders of both par Do you realize that men are dying today to nreserve the free dom of speechyou enjoy How do you propose to eadership in America before an other election How can anv nation negotiate a continuing peace with Hitler Should we stop aid to Great Britain Do you realize that to keep war out of America an organized de fense must be bevond our shores Now that our commanderin chief has ordered extermination of axis war vessels between here and Iceland are we not at war Was not unity to prevail and America first opposition to cease ties the pronouncement pa oE for eign aCfairs which he will make at 9 p m CDT Thursday night Conferees declined to discuss details of the speech1 but said that no legislation was indicated One person who attended the conference said the speech was nnt very belliperenl White House Secretary Slephen T Early said the speech would give the people a cold factual and uptotheminute statement of the American position in the war in pJnin language that would leave no questions unanswered Chairman Tom Conmilly D Tet of the senate foreign rela tions committee issued a state to listen it we entered the war I ment urging Americans Do you still advocate forceful to the speech possession by the United Slates on bases in Canada and South America An informal check of the sen Bcsides Shaw other signers o jale indicated that a presidential the telegram were Robert W for repeal of the neutral Colflesh and George Cosson DCS lly acl would pass wilh Moines attorneys and Arthur 11 only 30 or 3 votes it Boreman owner of licntion here Meanwhile a newly organiz Iowa unit of fight for freedom i announced plans to invite Wendell Willkie or Frank Knox secretary of the navy to address a mobili zation for Americanism meeting trade pub Congressional leaders believe lhat if the president asks for re zed jpeal he will threefold here in the near future Cosson the temporary chair man of the unit said the proposed rally would be in answer to Thursday nights America First meeting have objective 1 Elimination or the com bat zone set forth by procla mation under the terms of the existing law so that American merchant ships could carry lendlease goods to ports now forbidden them for instance the Arctic ports of Murmansk and Archangel in Russia 2 Arming of merchant vessels T I now prohibited so as to protect Committee sponsors said the jhem against plnne and submi Coliseum doors will open il 6 rinc attack such as sank the p m andthc meetingwill start Sossa Panama flag vessel oper 7 p m The Lindbergh talk will j by flic Marine Transport take about 26 minutes they said lines of New York and the Steel and the speaker will limit his re marks to those broadcast Hanford MacNider of Mason City onetime minister to Canada former national commander of the American Legion and 1940 candi date for the republican presiden tial nomination will be among the preliminary speakers Others will include Mrs Janet Ayers Fair Seafarer U S maritime ship 3 Convoying or other protec tion of American vessels carrying war materials to nations fighting the axis Fast moving events are build ing up a dramatic setting for the presidents address Thursday night banks of Chicago national vice The three ship incidents have chairman of the America First committee j n J Bannister Des Moines at J torncy will be the chairman FORECAST Talk to regular congressional practice t MASON CITY Partly cloudy and Clark said I wont quarrel with warmer Thursday night and him however or interfere with his efforts to earn the huge fee he is receiving Wrong Number Even on Slug Irksome GARY Ind UPVGeorge Mil ler drug clerk believed there might have been some justifica tion in a customers anger when failing to get her nickel back after dialing a wrong number the customer yanked the receiver off the hook and walked out of the store with it But it was something of a shock when telephone company workers repairing the phone reported that the last coin deposited was a slug Friday and strong southerly breeze Highest temperature about 90 IOWA Partly cloudy and some what warmer and Friday Thursday night MINNESOTA Partly cloudy and somewhat warmer Thursday night and Friday with scattered showers west and north Friday and possibly In Thursday night northwest IN MASON CITY Follow Col Hanford MacNider Iowas 1940 favorite son for the GOP presidential nomination is sched uled to give a 25 minute address immediately after President Roosevelts radio talk Thursday evening those in charge of the Charles A Lindbergh meeting in DCS Moines announced Wcdncs day afternoon Previously the Mason been announced since last Thurs day night Mr Roosevelt has de nounced the attack on the Greer ns deliberate and ordered the navy to eliminate the subma rine if possible Iale Wednesday Speaker Sam Kayburn D Tex summoned the house to return from an in formal recess next week earlier than had been to consider the tax hill ivlilch Is in confer ence President Roosevelt returned from Hyde Park N Y Wednes day night had been scheduled to speak be fore Lindbergh and prior fo the presidential address Before the oratorical fireworks get under way at tht meeting Lindberghs representatives said The time of the presidents ad Cityan i dress was increased from 15 to 25 minutes H had been planned for last Monday night but was post poned because of the death of Mr Roosevelts mother Elaborate plans havc been made for a worldwide broadcast aoiu wi rf wunuwiae oroaacasc GlobeGazette weather statistics there will be a moment of silence All national networks will carry ivlsvimiim WprtnfirHav KO in Maximum Wednesday 6B Minimum in night 50 At 8 a m Thursday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum 53 Minimum 39 n memory of Sara Delano Roose velt the presidents mother who died last Sunday The silent prayer period will immediately precede the presidents radio ad dress it and simultaneously it will be broadcast in Spanish and Portu guese by short wave for South America English rebrosdcssts will be re I pealed by shortwave for Europe ;